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Full text of "Hall's chronicle : containing the history of England, during the reign of Henry the Fourth, and the succeeding monarchs, to the end of the reign of Henry the Eighth, in which are particularly described the manners and customs of those periods. Carefully collated with the editions of 1548 and 1550"

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[Original  Title.] 

at  THE 






























FOR  j.  JOHNSON;  F.  c.  AND  j.  RIVINGTON;  T.  PAYNE;  WILKJE        ~  J/ 


G  .  Woodfall,  Printer." 

f    TO  THE 








the  cancard  enemie  to  Fame  and   renoune   the   suckyng  serpet  of 
auncient  memory,  the  dedly  darte  to   the  glory  of  princes,  and   the  defacer  of 
all  conquestes  and  notable  actes,  so  muche  bare  rule  in  the  firste  and  seconde  age  of 
the  worlde,  that  nothyng  was  set  out  to  mennes  knowledge  ether  how  the  world 
was  made  either  howe  man  and  beastes  wer  created,  or  how  the  worlde  was  de- 
stroyed   by  water  til  father  Moses  had  by  deuine  inspiracio  in  the  third  age,  in- 
uented  letters,  the  treasure  of  memorie,  and  set  furth  fiue  notable  bokes,  to  the  greate 
comfort  of  all  people  liuyng  at  this  daie.     Likewise  Mercurie  in  Egipte  inuented 
letters  and  writyng,  whiche  Cadmus  after  brought  into  Grece.      So   euery   nacio 
was  desirous  to  enhaunce  lady  Fame,  and  to  suppresse  that   dedly  beast  Obliuio. 
For  what  diuersitie  is  betwene  a  noble  prince  &  a  poore  begger,  ye  a  reasonable  man 
and  a  brute  beast,  if  after  their  death  there  be  left  of  theim  no  remembrance  or  token. 
So  that  euidently  it  appereth  that  Fame  is  the  triumphe  of  glory,   and  memory  by 
litterature  is  the  verie  dilator  and  setter  furth  of  Fame.     How  muche  therfore  are 
princes,  gouernoures,  and  noble  menne  bounde  to  theim  whiche  haue  so  huely  set 
furth  the  hues  and  actes  of  their  parentes,  that  all  though  thei  bee  ded  by  mortall 
death,  yet  thei  by  writyng  and  Fame  liue  and  bee  continually  present.     If  no  man 
had  written  the  goodnesse  of  noble  Augustus,  nor  the  pitie  of  merciful  Traian, 
how  shoulde   their  successours  haue  folowed  ther  steppes  in  vertue  and   princely  on  the  contrarie  parte,  if  the  crueltie  of  Nero,  the  vngracious  life  of  Ca- 
ligula had  not  beene  put  in  remembrance,  young  Princes  and  fraile  gouernors  might 
likewise  haue  fallen  in  a  like  pit,  but  by  redyng  their  Vices  and  seyng  their  mische- 

1  ueous 


ueou.s  ende,  thei  bee  compelled  to  leaue  their  euill  waies,  and  embrace  the  good 
qualities  of  notable  princes  and  prudent  gouernours :  Tims,  writyng  is  the  keye  to 
enduce  vertue,  and  represse  vice :  Thus  memorie  maketh  menne  ded  many  a  thou- 
sande  yere  still  to  Hue  as  though  thei  wer  present ;  Thus  Fame  triumpheth  vpon 
death,  and  renoune  vpon  Obliuion,  and  all  by  reason  of  writyng  and  historic. 

Alas  my  soueraigne  Lorde,  my  herte  lamenteth  to  knowe  and  remembre  what 
rule  this  tyrante  Obliuion  bare  in  this  realme,  in  the  tyme  of  the  Britons.  For  from 
the  first  habitacion  of  this  land,  no  man  of  the  Britons  either  set  furthe  historic  of 
their  begynnyng,  or  wrote  the  hole  liues  of  their  princes  &  kynges,  excepte  Gildas 
whiche  inueighed  against  the  euill  doynges  of  a  fewe  tyrantes  and  euill  gouer- 
nours. In  so  muche  that  Cesar  writeth,  that  when  he  was  in  this  realme,  the  people 
could  not  tel  their  linage,  nor  their  begynnyng.  ^  But  one  Geffrey  of  Monmothe 
a  thousand  yere  and  more  after  lulius  Cesar,  translated  a  certayn  Britishe  or  Welshe 
boke,  conteinyng  the  commyng  of  Brute  with  the  sequele  of  his  linage,  tnl  the 
tyme  of  Cadwalader,  whiche  Britishe  boke  if  it  had  slept  a  litle  lenger,  Brute 
with  al  his  posteritie  had  ben  buried  in  the  poke  of  Obliuion,  for  lacke  of  writyng. 

The  strong  Saxons,  after  thei  had  gayned  this  lande,  set  vp  the  biiner  of  Fame, 
and  had  their  liues  notably  writte  by  diuerse  and  sundery  famous  clerkes,  euen 
from  their  firste  entery  into  this  lande,  till  the  firste  Monarchy,  and  so  successyuely. 
In  the  Normans  tyme,  many  notable  woorkes  hath  been  set  furthe,  some  of  one 
prince  perticulerly,  &  some  of  mo  :  So  that  in  fine,  all  the  stories  of  kynges,  from 
kyng  Willyam  the  firste,  to  kyng  Edward  the  third,  bee  set  furthe  at  length  by 
diuerse  authours  in  the  Latin  toungue,  as  by  Matthewe  of  Paris  sometyme  religious 
in  saincte  Albons  and  other.  After  whome  lohn  Frossart  wrote  the  liues  of  kyng 
Edward  the  third,  and  kyng  Richard  the  seconde,  so  compendeously  and  so  largely, 
that  if  there  were  not  so  many  thynges  spoken  of  in  his  long  woorkes,  I  might  be- 
leue  all  written  in  his  greate  volumes  to  bee  as  trewe  as  the  Gospell.  But  I  haue 
redde  an  olde  Prouerbe,  whiche  saithe,  that  in  many  woordes,  a  lye  or  twayne  sone 
male  scape.  Sithe  the  ende  of  Frossarte  whiche  endeth  at  the  begynnyng  of  kyng 
Henry  the  fourthe,  no  man  in  the  Englishe  toungue,  hath  either  set  furth  their  ho- 
nors accordyng  to  their  desertes,  nor  yet  declared  many  notable  actes  worthy  of 
memorie  dooen  in  the  tyme  of  seuen  Kynges,  wliic*he  after  kyng  Richarde  suc- 
ceded :  Excepte  Robert  Fabian  and  one  with  out  name,  whiche  wrote  the  common 
English  Chronicle,  men  worthy  to  be  praysed  for  their  diligence,  but  farre  shptyng 
wide  from  the  butte  of  an  historic. 

Wherefore    moste  drad  and  benigne  souereigne  Lord,   lest  cancarde  Obliuion 




should  deface  the  glory  of  these  seuen  Princes,  to  whom  you  be  of  all  sides  lineall 
heire  and  very  inheritour,  I  haue  compiled  and  gathered  (and  not  made)  out  of 
diuerse  writers,  as  well  forayn  as  Englishe,  this  simple  treatise  whiche  I  haue  na- 
med the  vnion  of  the  noble  houses  of  Lancaster  and  Yorke,  conioyned  together  by 
the  godly  mariage  of  your  moste  noble  graundfather,  and  your  verteous  grand- 
mother. CFor  as  kyng  henry  the  fourthe  was  the  beginnyng  and  rote  of  the  great 
discord  and  deuision  :  so  was  the  godly  matrimony,  the  final  ende  of  all  discen- 
cions,  titles  and  debates.  \ 

Besechyng  your  highe  Maiestie,  to  take  this  my  simple  and  rude  woorke,  accord- 
yng  to  your  accustomed  goodnesse  in  good  part,  not  regardyng  the  thyng,  but  my 
good  will  to  my  natiue  countree,  whose  fame  for  lacke  of  writyng  may  muche  be 
darkened  and  defaced,  and  thus  I  pray  to  the  celestmll  Lorde  to  send  you  victorie 
ouer  your  enemies,  Peace  with  your  confederates,  loue  of  your  subiectes  :  and  in 
conclusion,  perpetuall  ioye  &  eternall  fehcitee. 


I  must  craue  of  the  most  gentle  reader,  charitably  to  iudge  of  me  the  imprinter 
of  thisworke,  if  ought  herin  shalbe  sene  vnto  the  of  purpose  to  bee  omitted  either 
not  sufficiently  delated  and  set  furth,  or  elles  somethyng  to  playnly  spoken,    in  the 
which  might  be  noted  affeccion,  that  thou   wilt  excuse  me   therin,  for  I  professe 
that  I  haue  as  nere  as  in  me  lay,  nether  altered  nor  added  any  thyng  of  my  selfe 
in  the  whole  woorke,  otherwise  the  the  aucthor  writ   the  same.     But  this  is  to  be 
noted,  that  the  Aucthor  therof,  who  though  not  to  al  me,  yet  to  many  very  wel 
knowe,  was  a  man  in  the  later  tyme  of  his  lyfe  not  so  paynfull  and  studious  as  be- 
fore he  had  ben :  wherfore  he  perfited  and  writt  this  historic  no  farther  then  to  the 
foure  and  twentie  yere  of  kyng  Henry  the  eight :  the  rest  he  left  noted  in  diuers  and 
many  pamphletes  and  papers,  whych  so  diligently-  &  truly  as  I  coulde,  I  gathered 
the  same  together,  &  haue  in  suchewise  compiled  them,  as  may  after  thesaied  yeres, 
apere  in  this  woorke :  but  vtterly  without  any  addicion  of  myne.     Therfore  my  re- 
questand  desyr  as  aforesaied,is,  that  thou  wilt  truly  and  charitably  iudge  me:  And  so 
sone  as  my  leasure  will  serue,  for  thine  ease  &  ready  fyndyng  of  any  thyng  herein 
conteyned  I  purpose  to  gather  an  exact  table  of  the  whole  woorke. 

IF  The 

The  names  of  the  aucthors  aswell  Latin  as  other,  out  of  the 
whiche  this  worke  was  first  gathered,  and  after  compiled  and 


Polichronicon.  Enguerant  de  Munstrellet. 

Cronica  Cronicarum.  lean  Buchet. 

/-  •'    -' "                                                         •   .'  . 

Nauclerus.  lean  Mayer  de  Beiges. 

Polidorus.  Argenton. 

Paulus  ^Emilius.  La  Mere  dez  Histories. 

Voluteranus.  Les  annales  de  Fraunce. 

Gauguinus.  Les  annales  de  Aquitayne. 

Albertus  Krantz.  Les  Croniq ;  de  Britayne. 

Michael  Ricius.  Giles  Corozett. 

Hector  Boetius.  Les  Croniques  de  Normandi. 

loannes  Maior.  Le  Rosarie. 

Abbas  Wyssenbergensis.  Le  genolagie  des  Roys 


Supplementum  Cronicarum. 

Gesta  Tholosanorum. 

Cronica  Brabancie. 


Treuisa.  Ihon  Hardyng. 

Fabian.  The  Chronicles  of  London. 

Sir  Thomas  Moore.  Ihon  Basset. 

Caxton.  Balantyne. 

And  out  of  other  diuers  Pamphlettes,  the  names  of  whom  are  to  moste  menne  vn- 

The  names  of  the  histories  coteigned  in  this  Volume. 

An  introduccion  into  the  deuision  of  the  two  houses  of  Lancastre  and  Yorke. 

i.  The  vnquiet  tyme  of  kyng  Hery  the  Fowerth. 
ii.  The  victorious  actes  of  kyng  Henry  the  v. 
iii.  The  troubleous  season  of  kyng  Henry  the  vi. 
iiii.  The  prosperous  reigne  of  kyng  Edward  the  iiij. 

v.  The  pitifull  life  of  kyng  Edward  the  v. 
vi.  The  tragicall  doynges  of  kyng  Richard  the  iij. 
vii.  The  politike  gouernaunce  of  kyng  Henry  the  vij. 
viii.  The  triumphant  reigne  of  king  Henry  the  viij.  FINIS. 

1F  An 




WHAT  mischiefs  hath  insurged  in  realmes  by  intestine  deuision,  wiiat  depopulacion 
"Tfath  ensued  in  countries  by  ciuil!  discencio,  what  detestable  murder  hath  been 
comitted  in  citees  by  seperate  faccions,  and  what  calamitee  hath  ensued  in  famous  regios 
by  domestical  discord  &  vnnaturall  controuersy :  Rome  hath  felt,  Italy  can  testifie, 
Fraunce  can  bere  witnes,  Beame  can  tell,  Scotlande  maie  write,  Denmarke  can  shewe, 
and  especially  this  noble  realme  of  Englande  can  apparantly  declare  and  make  demonstra^ 
ci-on.  For  who  abhorreth  not  to  expresse  the  heynousf  factes  comitted  in  Rome,  by  the 
ciuill  war  betwene  Julius  Cesar  and  hardy  Popey  by_j^^h^ejdisc_orde^  tJ3,e__brig]it  glory  of 
the  triuphant  Rome  was  eclipsed  &  shadowed  ?  $hp  can  reherce  what  mischefes  and  what 
plages  the  pleasant  countree  of  Italy  hath  tasted  and  suffered  by  the  sedicious  faccions  of 
the  Guelphes  and  Gebelynes  ?  Who  can  reporte  the  misery  that  daiely  hath  ensued  in 
Fraunce,  by  the  discorde  of  the  houses  of  Burgoyne  and  Orliens  :  Or  in  Scotland  betwene 
the  brother  and  brother,  the  vncle  and  the  nephew  ?  \J^ic>.  can  curiously  endite  the  inani- 
folde  battailles  that  were  fought  in  the  realme  of  Beame,  betwene  the  eatholikes  and  the 
pestiferous  sectes  of  the  Adamites  and  others?  WJtiat  damage  discencion  hath  clooen  in 

*~~*^  ^^~^  O        -      —     -  i    ---  i      •  i ui  •••ay~||~" 

iG_e£rnan^^_nj^J^jirnarke,  all  Christians  at  this  daie  can  well  declare.  And  the  Turke  can 
bere  good  testimony,  wfiiche  by  the  discord  of  christen  princes  hath  amplified  greatly  His  , 
seigniory  and  dominion.  yBut  what  miserie,  what  murder,  end  what  execrable  plagues  this 
famous  region  hath  suffered  by  the  deuision  and  discencion  of  the  renoumed  houses  of 
La.ncas.tre. and  YorkeJjny  witte  cannot  comprehende  nor  .my  toung  declare  nether  yet  iny 
penne  fully  set  furthe.J 

FOR  what  noble  man  liueth  at  this  daie,  or  what  gentleman  of  any  auncient  stocke  or 
progeny  is  clere,  whose  linage  hath  not  ben  infested. and  plaged  with  this  vnnaturall  dcui- 
^IPJlh-.  All  the  other  discordes,  sectes  and  faccions  almoste  liuely  florishe  and  continue  al 
this  presente  tyme,  to  the  greate  dieplesure  and  prejudice  of  all  the  Christian  publike  welth. 
But  the  olde  deuided  controuersie  betwene  the  fornamed  families  of  Lacastre  aild  Yorke, 
by  the  vnion  of  Matrimony  celebrate  and  consummate  betwene  the  high  and  mighty  Prince 
Kyng  Henry  the  seuenth  and  the  lady  Elizabeth  his  moste  worthy  Quene,  the  one  beeyng 
indubitate  heire  of  the  hous  of  Lancastre,  and  the  other  of  Yorke  was  suspended  and  ap- 
palled in  the  person  of  their  moste  noble,  puissat  and  mighty  heire  kyng  Henry  the  eight, 
and  by  hym  clerely  buried  and  perpetually  extinct.  So  that  all  men  (more  clerer  then  the 

B  sonne) 



V..  i 



sonne)  male  apparantly  perceiue,  that  as  by  discord  greate  thynges  decaie  and  fall  to  ruine> 
so  the  same  by  concord  be  reuiued  and  erected.  In  likewise  also  all  regions  whiche  by 
deuisio  and  discencion  be  vexed,  molested  and  troubled,  bee  by  vnion  and  agrernent 
releued  pacified  and  enriched. 

BY  vnion  of  the  Godhed  to  the  manhod,  manne  was  ioyned  to  God  whiche  before  by 
the  temptacion  of  the  subtle  serpente,  was  from  hym  segregate  and  deuided.  By  the  vnion 
of  the  catholike  churche  and  the  outworne  sinagoge,  not  only  the  hard  ceremonies  and  dedly 
peines  of  the  Mosaicall  law  wer  clerely  abholished  and  made  frustrate,  but  also  Christian, 
libertie  is  inferred  and  Christes  religion  stablished  &  erected.  By  the  vnion  of  man  & 
woman  in  the  holy  Sacrament  of  Matrimony  the  generacion  is  blessed,  and  the  synne  of 
the  body  clene  extincte  &  put  awaie.  By  the  vnion  of  manage,  peace  betwene  realme  and 
realme  is  exalted,  and  loue  betwene  countree  and  countree  is  norished.  By  coniunciS  of 
matrimony,  malice  is  extinct,  amitie  is  embraced,  and  indissoluble  aliance  and  consanguinite 
is  procured.^VThat  profile,  what  comfort,  what  ioy  succeded  in  the  realme  of  England  by 
the  vnion  of  tRe  fornamed  two  noble  families,  you  shall  apparantly  perceiue  by  the  sequele 
of  thjsjiu^^iid_vj]]ejaj^e^mtoryJ.>Cdnd  because  there  can  be  no  vnion  or  agrement  but 
in  respect  of  a  diuision,  it  is  consequent  to  reso  that  I  manifest  to  you  not  onely  the 
originall  cause  and  foutain  of  the  same,  but  also  declare  the  calamities,  trebles  &  miseries 
whiche  happened  and  chaunced  duryng  the  tyrne  of  the  said  contentious  discencionTj 

FOR  the  whiche  you  shall  vnderstande  (accordyng  as  it  is  in  an  Acte  of  Parhamente 

made  in  the  firste  yere  of  the  reigne  of  Kyng  Edwarde  the  fourthe  specified  and  declared.) 
Ti>e  lyne  That  the  highe  and  mightie  Prince  kyng  Henry  the  third  of  that  name,  had  issue  Edward 
He*rynfhe  his  firste  begotten  sonne  borne  at  Westminster  the  eleuenth  Kalendes  of  luly  in  the  vigile 
third.  of  Saincte  Marke  and  Marcilian  in  the  yere  of  our  Lorde  a  thousande  twoo  hundrd.  xxix. 
And  Edmonde  his  seconde  begotten  sonne  borne  oh  the  dayc  of  saincte  Marcell  in  the 
yere  of  our  Lorde  a  thousande  twoo  hundred,  xlv.  Whiche  Edwarde  after  the  death  of 
king  Henry  his  father,  was  entitled  and  called  kyng  Edward  the  first,  and  had  issue  his  first 
begotten  sonne  entitled  and  called  after  the  death  of  kyng  Edward  his  father,  kyng  Edward 
the  second,  which  had  issue  the  right  noble  and  honorable  prince  kyng  Edward  the  third 
whiche  kyng  Edward  had  issue  Edwarde  his  first  begotten  sone  prince  of  Wales,  Willya  of  ' 
Hatfeld  the  second  begotten  sonne,  "Lionell  duke  of  Clarence  the.  iij.  begotten  sonne,  Ihon 
of  Gaunt  duke  of  Lancaster  the.  iiij.  begotten  sonne,  Edmond  of  Langley  duke  of  Yorke 
the.'v.  begotten  sonne,  Thomas  of  Wodstocke  duke  of  Glocestre  the.  vj.  begotten  sonne, 
and  Willyam  of  Wynsor  the.  vij.  begotten  sonne.  The  saied  prince  Edward  died  in  y  life 
of  his  father  kyng  Edward  the.  iij.  &  had  issue  Richard  borne  at  Burdeaux,  whiche  after  the 
death  of  kyng  Edward  the.  iij.  as  cosin  and  heire  to  hym,  that  is  to  saie  sonne  to  the  saied 
Edwarde  prince  of  Wales  sonne  to  the  saied  kyng  Edward  the  thirde  succeded  hym  in 
royall  estate  and  dignitee,  lawfully  entitled  and  called  kyng  Richarde  the  seconde  and  died 
without  issue,  Lionell  duke  of  Clarence  the  third  begotten  sonne  of  the  saied  kyng  Edward 
the  third,  had  issue  Philippe  his  only  doughter  whiche  was  maried  to  Edmond  Mortymer 
erle  of  Marche  and  had  issue  Roger  Mortymer  erle  of  Marche :  whiche  Roger  had  issue 
Edmond  Mortimer  erle  of  Marche,  Anne  and  Elienor,  whiche  Edmond  and  Elianor  died 
without  issue.  And  the  saied  Anne  was  maried  to  Richard  erle  of  Cambrige  sonne  to 
Edmond  of  Langley  duke  of  Yorke  the  fifth  begotten  sonne  of  the  said  kyng  Edwarde  the 
thirde  whiche  Richarde  had  issue  thee  famous  prince  Richard  Plantagenet  duke  of  Yorke 
whiche  had  issue  that  noble  prince  kyng  Edward  the  fourth  father  to  Quene  Elizabeth  vnited 
in  matrimony  to  the  high  and  sage  prince  kyng  Henry  the.  vij. 

If  Ihon  duke  of  Lancastre  had  issue  Henry  erle  of  Darby,  and  Ihon  erle  of  Somersette. 
This  Henry  eile  of  Darby  had  issue,  kyng  Henry  the  fifth  father  to  kyng  Henry  the  sixte 
whiche  begat  prince  Edwarde  that  was  slayne  at  Tewkesbury,  and  diseased  without  issue. 
Ihon  the  erle  of  Somersette  before  named,  sonne  to  Ihon  duke  of  Lancastre,  engendered 
Ihon  duke  of  Somersette  father  to  the  lady  Margarete  Countes  of  Richemonde  mother  to  the 



noble  and  haute  Prince  Kyng  Henry  the  seuenth  whiche  espoused  lady  Elizabeth  the  heire 
of  the  "lustre  family  of  Yorke,  by  the  whiche  manage  the ,  or  badge  of  the  hous  ot 
Lan  astre  whiche  was  the  redde  Rose,  was  vnite  and  loyned  with  the  white  Rose  whiche 
iL  the  cognisance  and  ensigne  of  the  noble  progeny  ot  Yorke,  as  by  the  genealogy  con- 
-*ei«ned  in  the  ende  of  this  woorke  more  plainly  shall  appere. 

f  This  aforenamed  Henry  erle  of  Darby  beeyng  created  alitle  before  duke  of  Herfforde, 
.-anrudente  and  police  persone,  but  not  more  politike  then  welbeloued   and  ye :  not .so 
welbeloued  of  all,  as  of  some  highly  disdayned,  began  to  confer  with  bymsel how  that 
kyng  Richarde  his  eosyn  germaine  was  now  brought  to  that  trade  of  liuyng  that  he  htle  or 
nothyn*  regarded  the  counsaill  of  his  vncles,  nor  of  other  graue  and  sadde  persones,  but 
<HdalUhyn*  at  his  pleasure,  settyng  his  will  and  appetite  in  stede  of  lawe  and  reason. 
wtereforye  o°n  a  daie  beeyng  in  the  compaigny  of  Thomas  Mowbrey  hrste  duke  of  Norffolke 
and  erle  Marshall,  beganne  to  breake  his  mynde  to  hym  more  for  dolour  and  lamentac.on 
An  for  malice  or  displeasure,  rehersyng  howe  that  kyng  Richarde  htle  estemed  and  lesse 
regarded  the  nobles  and  Princes  of  his  realme,  and  as  muche  as  laie  in  hym  soughte  occa- 
sions   inuented  causes  and  practised  priuely  howe  to  destroye  the  more  part  of  the.m  :  to 
some  thretenyng  death,  to  other  manacyng  exile  and  banishment  forgettyng  and  not  remem- 
brvn*  what  blofte  it  was  to  his  honor,  and  what  detnmente  and  damage  it  was  to  the  publike 
wealfhe    to  suffre  his  realme  to  lose  the  aunciente  fame  and  pnstmate  renoume  by  his 
sloutha'nd  negligence,  and  that  all  thynges  bothe  in  the  tyme  of  peace   and  also  of  warre, 
aswellin  the  realme  as  without,  waxed  worsse  and  worsse,  and  had  neuer  prosperous 
successe  nor  fortunate  conclusion.     And  because  noble  menue  murmured,  and  the  conion 
people  grudged,  and  all  menne  wondered  at  his  vnprincely  doynges,  he  desired  the  duke  of 
Noklke,  whiche  was  one  of  the  kynges  priay  counsaill  and  well  heard  with  hym,  to 
the  kyn«  to  turne  the  lefe  and  to  take  a  better  lesson.     When  the  Duke  of  Norffolke  had 
heard  fully  his  deuise,  he  toke  it  not  in  good  parte,  but  rekened  y  he  had  gotten  a  praie 
bv  the  whiche  he  should  obtayne  greater  fauor  of  the  kyng  then  euer  he  had,  ano  so  he  at 
that  tyme  dissimuled  the  matter   (as  he  was  in    deede  bothe  a  depe  dissimuler   and  a 
pleasaunte  flaterer.)     And  after  when  he  had  oportunite  and  sawe  his  tyme,  was  very  glad 
fas  tell  tales  and  scicophantes  bee,  when  thei  haue  any  thyng  to  instill  in  to  the  eares  and 
heddes  of  Princes)  to  declare  to  the  kyng  what  he  had  heard,  and  to  agrauate  and  make 
the  offence  the  greater,  he  muche  more  added  but  nothyng  diminished. 

«  This  matter  somewhat  quickened  and  more  tikeled  the  waueryng  rayed  of  kyng  Richard, 

.and  brought  hym  into  a  great  fury.     But  when  the  water  of  fumitory  was  well  disgested  in 

his  stomacke,  he  determined  to  here  bothe  the  parties  indifferently,  and  called  to  hym  the 

duke  of  Lancastre  and  his  counsaill,  and  also  the  dukes  of  Herftorde  and  Norffolk,  &  caused 

the  accuser  to  report  opely  the  worries'  to  him  declared,  whiche  rehersed  tueim  again  as 

he  had  before  related  to  the  kyng.    [When  Duke  Henry  heard  the  tale  otherwise  reported 

then  he  ether  thought  or  saied,   somewhat  vnquieted  for  the  noue  tie  of  the^thyng,   or 

troubled  wi£7nieltor-thevntruth  of  the  matter,  stode  stil  &  paused  a  good  while  lokyng 

5nJBay>5lhTEH^  a  good  corage  to  hym,  makyng  low  obe.sace 

besought  his  highnes  lo^coceiue  no  mistrust  in"  hym  til  he  had  seen  &  herd  more.     Ihen 

turnvno  hymself  to  his  accuser,  declared  worde  by  worde  what  he  had  said  shewyng  the 

causi  &  occasion  why  he  so  spake,   deniyng  fiersly  al  the  other  new  muecions  a  leged  & 

proponed  to  his  charge :  affirmyng  y  if  the  kyng  would  permit  &  suffre  hym  he  would  proue 

his  acusor  vntrue,  vniust  &  afalse  forger  of  lies  &  sedicious  tales  by  the  stroke  of  a  spere 

&  del  of  a  swerd.     The  duke  of  Norffolke  affirmed  constantly  his  saiyng  to  be  true  & 

refused  not  the  cobate.     The  kyng  demaunded  of  them  if  thei  would  agre  betwene  them- 

selfes,  whiche  thei  both  denied  and  threw  doune  their  gages,  by  my  truth  q  the  kyng,  it_you 

of  vourselfes  will  not  agre  I  will  not  study  how  to  agre  you:  and  then  he  grauted  the  the 

battail!  &  assigned  the  place  to  be  at  the  citee  of  Couentree  in  the  moneth  of  August  next 

ensuyng,  where  he  caused  a  supteous  theatre  and  listes  royal  gorgeously  to  be  prepared. 


of  his  brother  the  duke  of  Glocestre,  to  spoyle  and  robbe  the  soonne  of  his  other  brother. 
For  he  before  this  tyme  asmuche  as  his  pacience  could  beare,  did  tollerate  and  suflfre  the 
deathe  of  his  brother,  the  exile  of  his  nephiew,  and  an  hundred  mo  injuries,  whiche  for  the 
itie  and  youth  of  the  kyng,  he  remitted  and  sepulted  in  obliuion.  And  therefore  con- 
sidering that  the  glorye  of  the  publique  wealthe  of  his  natiue  countree  was  like  to  apall  by 
reason  that  the  kyng  was  not  moste  ingenious,  &  had  no  manne  nere  hym  that  would 
boldely  admonishe  hym  of  his  office  &  duetie,  thought  it  the  acte  of  a  wise  man  in  tyme 
to  get  hym  to  a  restyng  place,  and  to  leaue  y  foloyng  of  suche  a  doubtfull  capitain  whiche 
with  a  leade  sworde  would  cut  his  owne  throte  bolle.  Wherfore  he  with  the  duke  of 
Aumarle  his  soonne  went  to  his  house  at  Langley  reioysyng  that  there  was  nothyng  in  the 
common  wealthe  mishappened  either  by  his  deuice  or  concent,  daiely  empioryng  aide  of 
almightye  God  to  deuerte  from  kyng  Richarde  the  darke  clowde  whiche  he  sawe  depend- 
yng  ouer  his  hed. 

In  this  ceason  kyng  Richard  sailed  into  Irelande  as  diuers  authores  testifie,  but  what  he 
did  there  is  no  parte  of  my  processe,  whiche  dependeth  on  the  sequeie  of  this  deuisio. 
While  king  Richard  was  in  Irelande,  the  graue  persones  of  the  nobilitee,  the  sage  prelates 
of  the  clergy  y  sad  tnagestrates  &  rulers  of  the  citees,  tounes  &  commineltie  perceauyng 
daily  more  £  more  the  realme  to  fall  into  ruyne  and  desolacion  (in  mauer  irrecuperable  as 
long  as  kyng  Richard  either  liued  or  reigned,)  after  long  deliberacion,  wrote  into  Fraunce 
.to  duke  Henry,  whom  thei  nowe  called  (as  he  was  in  deede)  duke  of  Lancastre  and  Herf- 
ford,  solicityng  and  requiryng  hym  w,ith  all  diligente  celeritee  to  conueighe  hym  self  into 
Englande,  promisyng  hym  all  their  aide,  power  and  assistence,  if  he  expellyng  kyng 
llichard  as  a  manne  not  mete  nor  conueniente  for  so  princely  an  office  and  degree,  would 
take  vpon  hym  the  sceptre  rule  and  diademe  of  his  natiue  countree  and  firste  nutntiue 
soyle.  And  for  that  cause  thei  sente  the  reuerent  father  Thomas  Arundell  archebisshop 
,of  Cauntorbury  with  certein  lordes  and  citezens  of  diuerse  citees  and  buroghes  in  habite 
palliate  and  dissimuled,  into  the  citee  of  Paris,  some  goyng  one  waie  and  some  another,  but 
all  assemblyng  together  at  the  house  of  Clugny  where  the  duke  then  soiourncd.  VI  hen  he 
sawe  the  archebisshop  his  especiall  frend  and  looked  on  otlier  his  fautoures  and  lowers,  if 
be  thanked  God,  no  manne  oughte  to  maruell,  if  he  welcommed  these  ambassadors  no 
creature  can  wondre;  but  if  he  reioyced  and  applauded  not  at  their  accesse  and  commyng, 
wise  menne  maie  thynke  folie  &  fooles  maie  laugh  hym  to  skorne.  When  he  was  of  them 
saluted,  and  thei  of  hyrn  not  onely  resaluted  but  heartely  welcommed  &  frendely  euter- 
teyned.  The  archebisshop  desiryng  the  duke  to  absent  all  other  persons  than  suche  as 
wer  his  copanions,  eaied  these  or  like  wordes  to  hymA. 

An  oracion      When  your  louyng  and  naturall  kynsmen  and  patricians  moste  noble  and  mightie  prince, 

ThomLy     had  muche  and  long  tyme  considred  and  debated  with  theiselues  of  their  affaires  and 

Arundeii     busines  in  this  tempesteous  world  and  ceason  (in  the  whiche  no  manne  of  our  nacion  is 

bishoppeof  sure  of  his  life,  nor  enioyeth  his  landes  and  seigniories  withoute  dreade  nor  possedeth  his 

Cauntorbu-  niouables  without  terrour  or  feare,  whiche  outragious  dooynges  many  yeres  occupied  hath 

dukerf?ry   brought  the  publique  wealthe  of  our  aboundat  countree  almoste  to  wrecke  and  vtter  exter- 

Laucaster.    minion)   their  last  ankerholde  refuge  and  conforte  was  to  studye  and  inuestigate  howe  to 

haue  a  gouernour  and  ruler  whiche  should  excell  and  florishe  in  wisedome,  policie  and 

justice  aboueall  other.     By  whiche  reason  a  greate  nombre  of  the  nobilitee  and  in  maner 

all  the  comminaltie,  beyng  led  and  persuaded  (whe  thei  had  well  cast  their  iyes  and  marked 

all  the  peres  and  nobles  of  the  realme  of  Englande)  thei  could  fynde  no  duke,  nor  marques, 

no  erle  nor  other  potentate  within  all  the  realme,  to  whose  empire  and  authoritye  thei 

would  bee  subiect  and  vassalls  so  gladly  as  to  yours.     For  this  I  assure  you  (and  you 

knowe  it  aswell  as  I)  that  wee  miserable  subiectes  haue  so  long  borne  the  yoke  of  waton 

vnwitty  kyng  Richard,  and  haue  paciently  tollerate  the  pernicious  persecucion  of  his  gredy 

and  auaricious  councellers,  and  haue  wynked  at  the  pollyng  and  extorcion  of  his  vnmeasur- 

able  officiers,  that  oure  backes  bee  so  galde  that  we  can-  no  more  suifre,  and  our  chynne 

6  bones 


bones  so  weake  that  wee  can  no  lenger  cary.  And  thcrfore  necessitee  and  not  will,  reason__ 
and  not  affeccion,  constancy  and  not  leuytie  enforceth  vs  to  implore  and  desire  youre  aide 
and  comforte,  to  whom  wee  bee  sent  by  the  moste  part  of  the  nobilitee  and  also  of  the 
more  parte  of  the  vniuersall  comminaltie,  to  desire  and  require  you  to  take  vpon  you  the 
high  power,  gouernaunce  and  sceptre  of  your  natiue  countree  and  paternall  inheritaunce, 
and  the  same  to  gouerne,  rule  and  defende  accordyng  to  your  approued  wisedome  and  long 
experimeted  pollecie,  whom  wee  haue  euer  knowen  to  bee  of  that  Justice,  of  that  prudence 
and  of  that  integritee  that  you  will  commaunde,  admonishe  or  attempt  eny  thyng  whiche 
shall  not  bee  iust,  honest  and  laudable.  Whiche  request  if  you  well  considre  and  diligently 
pondre  preuely  with  yourself,  you  shall  facilye  perceaue  that  nothyng  more  profitable,  more 
honest,  or  more  glorious  can  by  eny  waies  happen  or  chaunce  to  you  then  to  accepte  and 
concorde  to  the  same.  For  what  can  you  more  expecte  and  wishe,  then  to  commaude  and 
dooe  all  thynges  accordyng  to  right,  reason  and  honestie  ?  Wee  offre  not  to  you  golde, 
siluer,  perle  or  precious  stone,  but  p_ur  countree,  qur  bodies,  goodes  and  vs  all  to  vse  as 
youres  and  not  as  cures,  desiryng  you  to  geue  to  vs  in  recompence,  indifferecy  quietnes 
and  peace,  and  to  restore  to  her  seate  and  trone  again,  the  lady  iustice,  whiche  hath  so  long 
been  banished  out  of  our  nacion,  to  thentent  that  wise,  sage  and  good  persones  (whose 
desire  and  appetite  is  euer  to  Hue  well)  maie  honour,  loue  and  embrace  you  as  a  gouernour 
and  kyng  sent  from  God,  and  that  malicious  and  obstinate  persones  (whose  conscience  is 
grudged  with  daily  offences,  and  whom  the  feare  of  iustice  and  ponishement  dooth  continu- 
ally vexe  and  perturbe,  fearyng  you  as  the  skourge  and  plague  of  their  facinorus  dooynges 
and  mischeueous  actes)  maie  either  sone  amende,  or  shortely  auoyde  your  countree  and 
region.  Nowe  occacion  is  offred,  refuse  it  not,  by  the  whiche  your  wisedome,  pollecie  and 
valiantnes  shall  apere  to  the  vniuersall  worlde,  by  the  whiche  you  shall  not  onely  bryng  vs 
into  an  vnitie  and  monacord,  but  also  represse  all  sedicion  and  cancard  dissimulacion  :  then 
the  noble  men  shall  triumphe,  the  riche  men  shall  liue  without  feare,  the  poore  and  nedy 
persones  shall  not  bee  oppressed  nor  confounded,  and  you  for  your  so  doyng,  shall  obtein 
thankes  of  your  creatour,  loue  of  your  people,  fauour  of  your  neighboures,  fame  and 
honoure  sempiternall.  _TWhe  the  bishop  had  ended,  the  duke  pawsed  awhile,  and  then  put 
of  his  hood  and  saiedT] 

My  lorde  of  Cauntourbury  and  you  my  other  frendes  and  louers,  your  commyng  to  vs  Theau 
is  verie  pleasaunt,  but  more  ioyous  is  your  message,  for  wee  of  our  owne  naturall  disposi- 
cion  for  the  good  will  and  synguler  aft'eccion  that  you  haue  euer  borne  to  vs,  haue  loued, 
embraced  and  highly  estemed  you  and  all  your  dooynges.     Surely  we  would  you  knewe  ^n,n 
with  what  sorowe  and  agony  of  mynde  wee  haue  borne  your  vexacions,   calamities  and  Wfho 
oppressions  (as  for  the  manifest  iniuries  and  opprobrious  offences  dooen  and  committed  C"torbur3'- 
against  vs  as  you  knowe  well  inough,  wee  wolle  not  speake  at  this  tyme)  of  the  whiche  wee 
estemed  oure  selfe  a  partener,  as  a  thyng  common  betwene  vs.  TTor  as  it  is  heard  that 
the  hed  shall  not  feele  when  the  hand  or  eny  other  meinbre  is  greued  or  sickeA  so  it  is 
vnlike  that  eny  displeasure  or  discommoditee  should  happen  to  you  with  whiche  wee 
should  not  taste  in  parte,  suche  vicinetie  is  emong  membres,  and  suche  communitie  is 
emong  frendes.   tJVherfore,   neither  for  atnbicion  of  worldly  honour,   nor  for  desire  oF 
Empire  or  rule,  or  for  affeccion  of  worldly  riches  and  mucke  of  the  worlde,  we  wolle  agree 
to  your  peticio,  but  onely  to  relieue  your  miserable  calamitie,  to  restore  iustice  to  her 
auncient  rome  &  preheminence,  &  to  defend  the  poore  innocet  people  from  the  extorte 
powre  of  the  gredy  cormerates  &  rauenous  oppressours,  requiryng  you  to  ioyne  with  vs  & 
we  with  you  in  aduaucyng  forward  this  our  incepted  purpose  &  pretesed  entrepricel 

When  the  duke  was  condiscended  to  the  bishoppes  request,  the  bisshop  and  his  complices 
departed  into  Englande,  makyng  relacion  to  their  confederates  of  the  dukes  agremet  and 
pleasure,  exhortyng  euery  manne  to  be  prest  and  ready  at  his  arryuall. 

After  their  departure,  the  duke  fayned  to  the  Frenche  kyng  that  he  would  go  into 
Brytein  to  visite  his  frende  duke  Ihon  of  Brytein.  The  Frenche  kyng  tbynkyng  him  to 



meane  inwardly  as  he  outwardly  dissimuled,  -sent'  to  the  duke  of  Brytein  letters  of  com- 
niendacion  in  fauour  of  the  duke  of  Lancastre.  But  if  he  had  knowcn  that  his  entent  was 
to  transfret  -into  Englande  and  depose  his  soonne  in  lawe  kynjg  Richard,  he  would  surelj 
haue  stopped  hym  a,  and  let  his  purpose  and  passage.  '  What  should  I_jJaie  ?  tliat 
-aJialbe.  The  duke  passed  into  Brytein  and  there  condu^e3~~anch'wagcd 

certeync  menne  of  warre  and  shippes,  and  with  good  wynde  and  better  spede  sailed  in  to 
Englad  and  landed  at  Rauespurre  in  holdrenes  as  moste  wryters  affirme.  But  some  sale 
that  he  landed  at  Plynimoth,  and  other  at  Portesmouth,  but  where  soeuer  he^arryued,  sure 

it  is  that  he  tooke  lande  peaceably  without  any  againsaie  or  interrupcion.  (I  will  not  bee 
tedyous  to  you  in  rehersy tig 'howe  the  erles  of  Northumbrelande  and  Westmerlancfe,  ~fKe 
lordes  Percy,  Rose,  Willoughby  and  other  resorted 'to  hym,  and'taking  an  othe  of  hym  that 
he  should  not  dooe  to  kyng  Richard  any  bodelye  harme,  and  made  to  hym  homage  and 
became  his  liege  men.  I  omit  howe  children  applauded,  howe  wemen  reioyced,  and  howe 
inenne  cryed  oute  for  ioye  in  euery  toune  and  village  where  he  passed.  I  j^limjuishe 
farther  the  concourse  of  people,  the  number '•  of  horses,  whiche  occurred  to  hym  as  he 
journeyed  toward  London,  reioysyng  at  his  repaire  and  commyng  to  the  Citie.  Ijviljiot 
speake  of  the  procession  and  singing  of  the  Cleargie,  nor  of  the  pleasant  salutacibns  nor 
eloquent  oracions  made  to  hym  by  the  Prelacie,  nor  of  the  presentes,  welcomynges,  laudes, 
gratificacions  made  to  hym  by  the  citiesens  and  comminaltee  of  the  citie  of  London,  but  I 
wil  go  to  the  purpose.  Whe  he  was  come  to  London  he  consulted  with -his  frendes  diuers 

v  _dayes,  to  whome  came  Thomas  Earle  of  Arundell  sone  to  Richard  of  ArundelLby  kyng 
Richard  a  litell  afore  put  to  deathe,  whiche  had  lately  escaped  out  of  prison.  /When  the 
Duke  had  perceaued  the  fauour  of  the  \$6bilitie,  the  affection  of  the  Cleargie  and  the 
sincere  loue  of  the  comminalte  toward e  hyrh  and  his  procedynges,  he  marched  foreward 
with  a  greate  company  toward  the  West  coflntrey,  and  in  passyng  by  the  waie,  the  people 
assembled  in  great  and  houge  multitudes^as  the  nature  of  the  common  people  is,  euer 
desirous  of  newe  Changes)  callyng  him  their  UVng,  deprauyng  and  railyng  on  kyug  Richard, 
as  an  innocent  a  dastarde,  a  meicocke  and  n6pworthy  to'beare  the  name  of  a  kyng.  When 
he  had  assembled  together  a  conuenient  nomber  of  people  for  his  purpose  and  was  clerely 
determyned  to  depose  kynge  Rycharde  from  his  rule  and  dignitie,  he  proclaimed  open 
•warre  agaynst  hym  and  all  his  partakers  fautours  and  frendes.  'Kyng  Richarde  toeyng  in 
Irelande  was  certified  of  the  Dukes  arriuall,  from  whence  (when  he  had  pacified  the 
sauage  and  wilde  people)  he  retourned  agayne  into  England,  entending  to  resiste  and 
defend  the  eminent  peril  and  apparant  ieopardy,  and  for  the  more  tuicio  and  safegard 
entred  into  the  strong  caste!  of  Flinte  in  North  Wales,  x.  myles  distaunt  from  Chester.  J 

en  kyng  Richard  perceued  that  the  people  by  plumpes  fled  from  him  to  Duke  Henry, 
he  was  amased  and  doubted  what  councell  sodeinlie  to  take,  far  on  the  one  part  he  sawe  his 
title  iust,  trewe,  and  vnfallible,  and  beside  that  he  had  no  small  truste  in  the  Wfclshemen, 
his  conscience  to  be  cleane  rjm-e  imjcaajjulate  without  spot  or  enuy :  on  the  other  side,  he 
sawe  the  puissaunce^of~his  aduersaries,  the  soda!*)  departyng  of  them  that  he  niooste 
trusted,  and  all  thynges  turned  vpsydoune,  with  thAr^binges  he  beyng  more  abashed  then 
encouraged,  compelled  by  necessitie,  determined  tcMyfoe  hym  selfe  in  that  castell  till  he 
xnyghte  see  the  worlde  stable  and  in  more  suretieT""fFor  nowe  he  euidentely  espied  and 
manifestly  perceaued  that  he  was  lefte,  lowted  and  forsaken  of  theym  by  whom  in  tyme  he 
myght  haue  bene  ayded  and  relieu-ed,  and  whiche  nowe  was  to  late  and  to  farre  ouerpassed  : 
and  this  thing  is  worthy  to  be  noted  with  a  whitestone,  of  al  princes  rulers  and  men  set  in 
auctoritee  and  rule,  that  this  Duke  Henry  of  Lancastre  shoulde  be  thus  called  to  the 
kyngdome  and  haue  the  healpe  and  assistence  all  most  of  all  the  whole  realme,  whiche 
perchaunce  neuer  thereof  once  thoughte  or  yet  dreamed  :  and  that  kyng  Richard  shuld  thus 
be  lefte  desolate  void  and  desperate  of  all  hope  and  comforte,  in  whom  if  there  were  any 

^offence,  it  ought  more  to  be  imputed 'to  the  frailtee  of  his  wanton  youth  then  to  the  ma'lice 
of  his  heart  or  cankerdnesse  of  his  stomacke,  but  suQhe  is  the  frayle  iudgement  of  mortall 



men  whiche  vilcpendyng  and  not  regardyng  thynges  presente  before  their  eies,  do  euer 
tliincke  all  thynges  that  are  to  come  to  haue  a  prosjper^nsjaccejsejuida  jlelectablesec[uejen 
When  the  Duke  of  Lancastre  knewe  that  king  Riclia7def"was  coime~to  the~castel oTFlinte, 
whiche  a  man  maye  call  the  dolorous  Castell,  because  there  king  Richarde  declined  from 
his  dignitie  and  lost  the  tipe  of  his  glorie  and  preheminence,  he  assembled  together  a  great 
armie  in  small  space  lest  he  myght  geue  his  .enemies  time- to  preuent  his  purpose  and  so  to 
lose  the  good  occasion  of  victory  to  him  geuen,  came  to  the  towne  of  Bristowe  where  he  ^  ' 
apprehended  Willyam  lord  Scrope  the  kinges  treasurer  sir  Iho  Busshe  and  sir  Henri  Grene 
knyghtes,  and  caused  their  heddes  to  be  striken  of,  and  from  thence  toke  his  iourneie  directly 
to  Chester.  When  Thomas  Percy  Earle  of  Worceter  and  great  Master  or  lord  Stuard  of 
•the  kynges  houshold  beyng  brother  to  the  Earle  of  Northumberland  hard  tell  of  the  dukes 
approch,  bering  displeasure  to  the  king  because  he  had  proclaimed  his  brother  a  trailer, 
brake  before  al  the  kinges  houshold  his  white  staffe,  which  is  the  ensigne  and  token  of  his 
office  and  without  delay  went  to  duke  Henry.  Whe  the  kinges  familier  seruitours  per- 
ceiued  this,  they  dispersed  them  selfes  some  into  one  countrey  and  some  into  another. 

If  The  Duke  came  toward  the  castell  of  Flinte  wherof  king  Richard  beyng  aduertised  by 
councell  of  Ihon  Pallet  and  Richarde  Seimer  his  assured  seruauntes  departed  out  of 'the 
castell  and  toke  the  sandes  by  the  ryuer  of  Dee  trusting  to  escape  to  Chester  and  there  to 
haue  refuge  and  succoure,  but  or  he  had  farre  passed  he  was  forelayed  and  taken  and 
brought  to  the  Duke,  which  sent  hym  secretly  to  the  Towre  of  "London.  When  the  Duke 
had  thus  possessed  his  longe  desyred  praye,  he  came  to  London  in  solempne  estate  and  there 
called  a  Parliament  in  the  kynges  name,  to  the  whiche  many  of  the  kynges  frendes,  but  more 
of  his  there  appeared.  There  was  declared  howe  vnprofitable  kyng  Richarde  had  bene  to 
the  realme  duryng  his  reigne,  howe  he  subuerted  the  lawes,  polled  the  people  and  ministred 
Justice  to  no  man  but  to  suche  as  pleased  hym.  And  to  the  entent  that  the  commons  should 
bee  perswaded  that  he  was  an  vniust  and  vnprofitable  Prince  and  a  tiraunte  ouer  his  sub- 
iectes,  and  worthy  to  bee  deposed.  There  were  set  forthe.  xxxv.  solempne  articles  very 
heynous  to  the  eares  of  men,  and  to  some  almost  vncredible :  The  very  effecte  of  whiche 
articles  I  will  truely  reporte  hereafter  accordyng  to  my  copie. 

^[  Fyrst  that  kyng  Richard  wastfully  spent  the  treasure  of  the  realme  and  had  geuen  the  \\ 
possessions  of  the  Croune  to  men  unworthy,  by  reason  wherof  daily  newe  charges  more  and 
more  were  layd  in  the  neckes  of  the  poore  comminaltie.     And  where  diuerse  lordes  as  well 
spiritual  as  temporall,  were  appointed  by  the  highe  court  of  Parliament  to  comonand  treate 
of  diuers  matters  concernyng  the  common  wealth  of  the  same,  which  beyng  busie  about  the 
same  commission,  he  with  other  of  his  affinitie  went  about  to  empeach  of  treson,   and  by  3. 
force  and  menace  compelled  the  Justices  of  the  realme  at  Shrewsburie  to  condiscend  to  his 
opinion,   for  the  destruction  of  the  said  Lordes:    in  so  muche  that  he  began  to  reise  war  3. 
against  Ihon  duke  of  Lancastre,  Thomas  Erie  of  Arundell,  Richarde  Erie  of  Wanricke,  and 
other  lordes  contrary  to  his  honour  and  promyse. 

If  Item  that  he  caused  his  vncle  the  Duke  of  Glocester  to  be  arrested  without  lawe,  and  4. 
sent  him  to  Caleis,  and  there  without  iudgemente  murdered  hym.     And  although  the  Erie 
of  Arundell  vpon  his  arainement  pleaded  his  charter  of  pardon,  he  could  not  be  heard,  but 
was  in  most  vile  and  shamefull  maner  sodainly  put  to  death. 

^[  Item  he  assembled  certain  Lancashire  and  Cheshire  men  to  the  entent  to  make  warre  5. 
on  the  foresaid  Lordes,  and  suffered  them  to  robbe  and  pill  without  correction  or  reprefe. 

If  Item  although  the  king  flateringly  and  with  great  dissimulacion  made  proclamacion  6. 
throughout  the  realme,  that  the  lordes  before  named  were  not  attached  for  any  crime  of 
treason,  but  onely  for  extorcions  and  oppressions  done  in  this  realme,  yet  he  laied  to  theym 
in  the  parliament,  rebellion  and  manifest  treason. 

If  Item  he  hath  compelled  diuers  of  the  saied  lordes  seruauntes  and  frendes  by  menace  &  7. 
extreme  paimentes,  to  make  great  fines  to  theyr  vtter  vndoyng.     And  notwithstandyng  his 
pardon  to  theim  graunted  yet  he  made  them  fine  of  newe. 

C  Item 


8.  If  Item  where  diners  were  appointed  to  common  of  the  estate  of  the  realme,  and  the  com- 
,       mon  welthe  of  the  same.     The  same  king  caused  al  the  rolles  and  recordes  to  be  kept  from 

them,  contrary  to  his  promise  made  in  the  parliament,  to  his  open  dishonour. 

9.  1f  Item  he  vncharitably  comaunded  that  no  man  vpon  paine  of  losse  of  life  and  goodes 
should  once  entreate  him  for  the  retourne  of  Henry  nowe  duke  of  Lancastre. 

10.  H   Item  where  this  realme  is  holden  of  God,  and  not  of  the  Pope  or  other  prince,  the 
said  kyng  Richard  after  he  had  obteined  diuers  actes  of  parliament  for  his   owne  peculiar 
profile  and  pleasure,  then  he  obteined  Dulles  and  extreme  censures  from  Rome,  to  compell 
al  menne  straightcly  to  kepe  the  same,  contrary  to  the  honour  and  auncient  priuileges  of 
this  realme. 

11.  If  Item  although  the  duke  of  Lancastre  had  done  his  deuoir  against  Thomas  duke  of  Nor- 
ffolke  in  profe  of  his  quarel,  yet  the  saied  kyng  without  reason  or  ground  banished  him  the 
realme  for  ten  yeres  contrary  to  all  equitee. 

12.  If  Item  before  the  dukes  departure,  he  vnder  his  brode  scale  licenced  him  to  makeattour- 
neis  to  prosecute  and  defend  his  causes:  The  saied  kyng  after  his  departure  wold  suffre  none 
attourney  to  apere  for  him  but  did  with  his  at  his  pleasure. 

13.  If  Item  the  same  kyng  put  oute  diuers  shriues  lavvefully  elected  and  put  in  their  romes, 
diuers  other  of  his  owne  minions  subuertyng  the  lawe  contrary  to  his  othe  and  honour. 

14.  «f  Item  he  borowed  great  somes  of  money,  and  bound  him  vnder  his  letters  pattentes  for 
the  repaimet  of  the  same,  &  yet  not  one  peny  paid. 

15.  If  Ite  he  taxed  men  at  the  wil  of  him  &  his  vnhappy  councel,  &  the  same  treasure  spentin 
folie,  not  paiyng  pore  men  for  their  vitail  &  viande. 

16.  ^f  Item  he  said  that  the  lawes  of  the  realme  were  in  his  head,  and  som  time  in  his  brest,  by 
reason  of  whiche  fantasticall  opinion,  he  destroied  noble  men  and  empouerished  the  pore 

17.  *fj  Item  the  parliament  settyng  and  enacting  diuers  notable  statutes  for  the  profile  and  ad- 
uauncemenl  of  the  common  welth,  he  by  his  priuie  frendes  and  soliciters  caused  to  be  enacted 
that  no  acte  then  enacted  shuld  be  more  pieiudiciall  to  him  than  it  was  to  any  of  his  pre- 
decessors, through  whiche  Prouiso  he  did  often  as  he  liste  and  not  as  the  lawe  ment. 

jg.      If  Ite  for  to  serue  his  purpose  he  wold  suffer  the  Shrefes  of  the  shire  to  remaine  aboue 

one  yere  or  two. 
]<)_       ^  Item  at  the  sommons  of  the  parliament  when  knightes  and  burgesses  should  be  electc 

that  the  election  had  bene  full  proceded,  he  put  out  diners  persones  elected,  and  put  in 

other  in  their  places  to  serue  his  wyll  and  appetite, 
go.       If  Item  he  had  priuie  espialles  in  every  shire,  to  here  who  had  of  him  any  communica- 

cion,  and  if  he  commoned  of  his  lasciuious  liuyng  or  outragious  doyng,  he  streighte  waies 

was  apprehended  and  made  a  greuous  fine, 

21.  ^[  Item  the  spiritualtie  alledged  againste  hym  that  he  at  his  goyng  into  Ireland  exacted 
many  notable  somes  of  money,   beside  plate  &  iuels,   without  law  or  custome,  contrary 
to  his  oth  take  at  his  coronacio. 

22.  f  Item   when   diuers  lordes    and  Justices  were    sworne   to   say  the   truthe  of  diuers 
thinges  to  them  committed  in  charge  both  for  the  honor  of  the  realme  and   profile  of 
the  kyng,  the  said  kyng  so  menaced  theym  with  sore  thretenyngcs,  that  no  man  wold  or 
dursle  sale  the  ryght. 

23.  f  Item   that  with  out  the  assent  of  the  nobilitee,    he  caried  the   iewels  and  plate  and 
treasure  ouer  the  see  into  Irelande,   to  the  great  empouerishyng  of  the  realme.     And  al 
the  good  recordes  for  the  comon  welthe  and  against  hie  extorcions,  he  caused  priuely  to  be 
embesiled  and  conueied  away. 

34..  H  Item  in  all  leages  and  letters  to  bee  concluded  or  sent  to  the  see  of  Rome  or  other 
regions :  His  writyng  was  so  subtill  and  so  darke,  that  no  other  prince  durst  once  beleue 
him,  nor  yet  his  owne  subiectes. 

K  Item 

A  • 

f  Item  he  mooste  tirannously  and  vnprinccly  said  that  the  Hues  and  goodes  of  al  his  25. 
subiectes  were  in  the  princes  bads  &  at  his  disposicio. 

>fl  Item  that  he  contrary  to  the  great  Charter  of  England  caused  dyucrs  lustie  men  to  26. 
appele  diuers  olde  men,  vpon  matters  determinable  at  the  common  law,  in  the  court  -martial, 
because  that  in  that  court  is  no  triall  br.t  onely  by  battaile  :  Whervpon  the  said  aged  per- 
sonnes  fearyng  the  sequele  of  the  matter  submitted  theym  selfes  to  his  mercy  whom  lie  fined 
and  raunsomed  vnreasonably  at  his  pleasure. 

5f  Item  he  craftely  deuised  certain  priuie  othes  contrary  to  the  lawe,  &  caused  diuers  of  27. 
his  subiectes  first  to  be  sworne  to  obserue  the  same  and  after  bounde  them  in  bondes  for 
former  keping  of  the  same,  to  the  great  vndoyng  of  many  honest  men. 

f  Item  where  the  Chauncellour  accordyng  to  the  lawe  woulde  in  no  wise  graunt  a  28. 
prohibition  to  a  certain  person  :  the  king  graunted  it  vnto  the  same  person  vnder  his  priuie 
scale  with  greate  thretnyngcs  if  it  shuld  be  disobeied. 

f  Item  he  banyshed  the  l>ishop  of  Canterbury  without  cause  or  iudgement  and  kept  him  29.. 
•in  the  parliament  chamber  with  men  of  Armes. 

^f  Item  the  bishops  goodes  he  graunted  to  his  successour  vpon  condition  that  he  shuld  30. 
mainteine  al  his  statutes  made  at  Shrewsburie,  Anno.  xxi.  and  the  statutes  made.  Anno, 
icxii.  at  Couentree. 

f  Item  vpon  the  accusation  of  the  Archbishop,  the  king  ceaftely  perswaded  the  saied  31. 
byshop  to  make  no  answere,  for  he  would  be  his  warrant,  and  aduised  him  not  to  come  to 
the  parliament.     And  so  withoute  answere  he  was  condemned  and  exiled,  and  his  goodes 

These  bee  the  articles  of  any  effecte  whiche  were  laied  against  him,  sauyng  fowre  concern- 
~yng  the  bishoppe  of  Caunterbury,  whiche  onely  touched  hi,  but  his  workyng  vnwrought  king 
Richard  fro  his  croiie. 

AND  for  as  much  as  these  articles,  and  other  heinous  and  detestable  accusations  were 
laied  against  him  in  the  open  parliamentjTn  was  thought  by  the  most  parte  that  kyng  Richard 
was  worthy  to  be  deposed  of  al  honor,  rule  and  Pryncely  gouernanceTj  And  instruments 
..autentike  and  solempne  to  depose,  and  other  instrumentes  were  madeTo  certain  persons  for 
them,  and  all  homagers  of  the  realme  to  resigne  to  hym  all  the  homages  and  fealties  dewe 
to  him  as  kyng  &  soueraigne. 

But  or  this  deposition  was  executed  in  tyme,  he  came  to  Westminster  and  called  a  great 
councell  of  all  the  nobilitie  and  commons  to  the  entente  to  conclude  and  make  expedition 
of  all  thynges  whiche  before  were  purposed  and  set  forward. 

If  In  the  meane  season  diuerse  of  king  Richardes  seruauntes  which  by  licence  had  accesse 
to  his  person,  comforted,  animated  and  encouraged  him  beyng  for  sorowe  withered,  broken 
and  in  maner  halfe  deade,  aduertisyng  and  exhortyng  him  to  regard  his  welthe  and  to  saue 
his  lyfe.  And  firste  they  aduised  him  willyngly  to  suffer  him  self  to  be  deposed  bothe  of 
his  dignitie,  &  dcpriued  of  his  riches:  so  that  the  duke  of  Lancastre  might  without  murdre 
or  battail  obteine  the  scepter  and  Diademe,  after  the  whiche  they  well  percciued  he  gaped 
and  thrubted  by  the  mene  wherof  they  thought  he  shuld  be  in  perh't  assurance  of  his  life 
long  to  continue,  &  therfore  might  commit  him  selfe  to  good  hope,  which  is  the  best  felowe 
&  companio  that  a  man  in  aduersitie  can  associat  or  ioyne  him  self  withal.  FSurely  this 
councel  was  both  good  and  honeste  in  so  great  an  extremitie,  but  yet  the  full  effect  folowed 
not  as  the  sequele  of  the  thyng  sheweth  and  apparantely  declarethT^f  What  profite,  what 
honoure,  what  suretie  had  it  bene  to  kyng  Richarde,  if  he  when  he  myght,  whiche  professed 
the  name  and  title  of  a  kyng,  whiche  is  as  much  to  saie,  the  ruler  or  keper  of  people,  had 
excogitate  or  remebrcd  to  haue  bene  a  keper  of  his  owne  hedde  and  lyfe,  whiche  nowe  be- 
yng forsaken,  reiect  and  abandoned  of  al  such  as  he,  being  an  euil  sheperd  or  herdeman, 
before  time  did  not  plie,  kepe  and  diligently  ouerse  was  easily  reduced  and  brought  into  the 
hades  of  his  enemies.  Nowe  it  was  no  mastery  to  perswade  a  man  beyng  desperate  pensife 
and  ful  of  dolour,  to  abdicate  him  selfe  from  his  empire  and  imperiall  preheminence :  so  that 

C  2  in 


in  onlie  hope  of  his  life  and  sauegard,  he  agreed  to  al  thynges  that  of  hym  were  demanded, 
and  desired  his  kepers  to  shewe  and  declare  to  the  duke,  that  if  he  wold  vouchsafe  to  accord 
and  cotne  to  hym,  he  wolde  declare  secretely  thynges  to  hyrn  both  profitable  and  pleasant. 
His  kepers  sent  word  of  all  his  saiynges  to  the  duke,  whiche  incontinent  repaired  to  his  cham- 
ber. There  kyng  Richard  comoned  with  him  of  many  thingcs,  and  amongest  all  other  affirmed 
those  accusacions  to  be  to  muche  trewe  whiche  the  cornminaltie  of  the  realme  allcdged 
against  him  :  that  is  to  say,  that  he  had  euel  gonerned  his  dominion  and  kingdome,  and 
therfore  he  desyred  to  be  disburdened  of  so  great  a  charge  and  so  heauy  a  burdein,  besech- 
yng  the  Duke  to  grant  to  him  the  safegarde  of  his  lyfe,  and  to  haue  compassion  of  hym, 
nowe  as  he  before  that  time  had  bene  to  him  bountifull  and  magnificent. 

^f  The  duke  biddyng  him  to  be  of  good  comfort  and  out  of  fear  warranted  him  his  lyfe,  so 
that  he  wold  resigne  to  him  his  scepter  croune  &  dignitie :  also  nether  to  procure  nor  consent 
to  any  thyng  or  act  whiche  myght  be  hurtfuil  or  preiudiciall  to  his  person  or  succession,  to 
the  whiche  demaundes  he  graunted  and  frely  condiscended  and  agreed. 

THE  Duke  of  Lancastre  the  nexte  daie  declared  al  kyng  Richardes  hole  mind  to  the 
coucel,  but  especially  to  his  vncle  Edmunde  duke  of  Yorke  (whose  helpe  he  much  vsed) 
whiche  hearyng  al  thynges  to  be  in  a  broyle,  a  fewe  daies  before  was  come  to  London.  The 
nobles  and  commons  were  well  pleased  that  kyng  Richard  shoulde  frankely  and  frely  of  his 
owne  mere  mocion,  whiche  they  much  desired  (lest  it  shuld  he  noysed  and  reported  that 
he  therevnto  were  inforced  and  by  violence  constrained)  resigne  his  croune  and  depart  from 
his  regalitee.  < 

Not  long  after  he  caused  a  great  assemble  to  be  apointed  at  the  Towre  of  London,  where 
kyng  Richard  appareled  in  vesture  and  robe  royall  the  diademe  on  his  head,  &  the  scepter 
in  his  hand,  came  personally  before  the  cogregacion  and  said  these  wordts  in  eftecte.  I 
Richard  king  of  England  Duke  of  Fraunce,  Aquitaine,  and  Lorde  of  Ireland,  cont'essc  and 
say  before  you  my  lordes  and  other  our  subiectes,  that  by  the  hole  space  of.  xxii.  yere  in  the 
whiche  1  haue  obteined  and  possessed  the  rule  and  regiment  of  this  famous  realme  of  Eng- 
land, partely  ruled  and  misauised  by  the  euell  &  sinister  councell  of  peruerse  &  flatteryng 
persons  :  and  partely  led  by  the  frailtie  of  young  waueryng  and  wanton  youth,  and  with 
delectacion  of  worldly  and  volupteous  appetite,  haue  omitted  and  not  executed  my  royall 
office  and  bounden  dutie  accordyng  as  I  oughte  to  haue  dooen,  in  ministeryng  iustice  and 
prefermente  of  the  comon  wealthe,  whiche  negligence  I  more  than  any  of  you  as  I  thynke 
my  selfe,  doo  sore  repente  and  bewayle,  and  specially  because  I  am  brought  to  this  poyncte, 
that  I  knowledge  and  confesse  my  self,  not  worthy  longer  to  reigne  nor  to  haue  any  farther 
rile.  So  that  now  I  can  nother  amende  my  misdedees,  nor  correcte  my  offences  whiche  suerly 
I  entended  to  dooe,  and  especially  in  my  olde  age,  in  the  whiche  euill  thynges  be  accustomed  to 
be  amended,  and  the  fautes  and  offences  of  youth,  to  be  corrected  and  reformed.  For  what 
young  man  comonly  can  be  founde  indued  with  so  muche  vertue  and  so  good  qualities,  whiche 
agitate  &  pricked  with  the  heate  of  youth,  shall  not  turne  and  decline  from  the  right  pathe 
and  direct  waie,  and  yet  when  he  cometh  to  the  more  ripenes  of  yeres  and  greate  grauitie, 
doth  not  amend  and  change  into  better  his  olde  errates  and  wanton  actes,  for  experience 
teacheth,  that  of  a  rugged  colte,  commeth  a  good  horse,  and  of  a  shreude  boye,  proueth  a 
good  man.  But  sithe  Fortune  doth  not  permit  and  suffre  me  so  to  do,  to  thentent  that  the 
publike  welth  of  this  realme  maie  bee  holpen  and  auansed  by  my  rneane,  and  after  this  not 
like  again  to  declyne  and  decaye.  And  to  the  intent  that  it  shall  bee  lefull  to  you,  to  elect 
and  chose  my  cosyn  germayne,  Henry  duke  of  Lancastre,  a  man  mete  for  a  realme,  and  a 
prince  apt  for  a  kyngdom,  to  your  kyng  and  souereigne  lorde.  I  of  my  owne  mere  mocion 
and  frewill,  do  putte  and  depose  my  self  out  of  all  royall  dignitie,  preheminence  and  softerai- 
gnitee,  and  resign  the  possession,  title  and  vse  of  this  realme,  with  all  rightes  there  vnto 
apperteigyng,  into  his  handes  and  possession.  And  then  with  a  lajnj;njteble_voyce  and 
a  sorowfull  countenance,  deliuered  his  sceptre  and  croune  to  the  duke  of  Ltmcastre, 
requiryng  euery  persone  seuerally  by  their  names,  to  graunte  and  assente  that  he  might 



Hue  a  priuate  and  a  solitarie  life,  with  the  swetnesse  whereof,  he  would  be  so  well  pleased, 
that  it  should  be  a  paine  and  punishement  to  hyin  to  go  abrode,  and  deliuered  all  the 

'  goodes  that  he  had,  to  the  some  of  three  hundred  thousande  pounde  in  coyne,  beside  plate 
and  iuels,  as  a  pledge  and  satisfaccion,  for  the  iniuries  and  wronges  by  hyra  committed  and 
dooen.  But  what  soeuer  was  promised,  he  was  disceiued.  For  shortly  after  his  resigna- 

-cion  he  was  conueighed  to  the  castell  of  Ledes  in  Kent,  &  from  thence  to  Poumffret  wher 
be  departed  out  of  this  miserable  life,  as  you  shall  heare  herafter. 



WHEN  the  fame  was  dispersed  abrode  that  Kyng  Rycharde  had  putte  hymselfc  from  The-1-y*re< 
his  dignitee  royall,  and  resigned  his  scepter  and  diademe  imperiall,  Henry  Planta- 
genet  borne  at  Bolyngbroke  in  the  Countie  of  Lyncolne,  duke  of  Lancastre  and  Hertford 
erle  of  Derby,  Lecester  and  Lyncolne  sonne  to  Ihon  of  Gaunt  duke  of  Lancastre,  with 
one  voyce  bothe  of  the  nobles  and  comons,  was  published,  proclaymed  &  declared  kyng  of 
England  and  of  Fraunce,  and  lorde  of  Irelade,  and  on  the  daie  of  saincte  Edward  the  con- 
fessor, was  at  Westminster  with  great  solemnitee  and  royal  pompe,  sacred,  enoynted  and 
crouned  king  by  the  name  of  kyng  Henry  the  fourth. •'  But  who  so  euer  reioysed  at  this 
coronacion,  or  whosoeuer  delighted  at  his  high  promocio,  suer  it  is  that  Edmond  Mortimer 
erle  of  Marche  whiche  was  heire  to  Lionell  duke  of  Clarence,  the  thirde  begotten  sonue  of 
kyng  Edwavde  the  third  as  you  before  haue  heard,  and  Richard  erle  of  Cabrige  the  sonne 
to  Edmond  duke  of  Yorke,  whiche  had  maried  Anne  sister  to  the  same  Edmonde,  wer 
with  these  doynges  neither  pleased  nor  contente.  In  so  muche  that  nowe  the  diuisio  once 
beyng  begon,  the  one  linage  persecuted  the  other,  and  neuer  ceased  till  the  heircs  males 
of  bothe  the  lines  wer  by  battaill  murdered  or  by  sedicion  clerely  extincte  and  destroyed. 

At  the  daie  of  the  coronacion,  to  thentent  that  he  should  not  seme  to  take  vpon  hym  the 
croune  and  scepter  royall  without  title  or  lawfull  clayme  but  by  extorte  power  and  iniurious 
intrusion,  he  was  aduised  to  make  his  title  as  heire  to  Edmonde,  surnamed  or  vntruly  fayncd 
Crouchcbacke,  sonne  to  kyng  Henry  the  third,  and  to  saie  that  the  said  Edmon4was  elder 
brother  to  kyng  Edward  the  first,  and  for  his  dcformitee  repudiat  and  put  by  from  the 
croune  royalf  to  whom  by  his  mother  Blanche  doughter  and  sole  heire  to  Henry  duke  of 
Lancastre,  he  was  next  of  bloud  and  vndoubtfull  heire.  But  because  not  onely  his  fredes 
but  also  his  priuy  enemies  knewe,  that  was  hut  a  title  and  that  this  title  was  by  inuentors 
of  mischief  fayncd,  imagened  &  published  and  wer  surely  enformed  not  only  that  the  said 
Edmond  was  younger  sonne  to  kyng  Henry  the  third  accordyng  as  it  is  declared  in  the  act 
of  Parliament  before  recited.  Also  hauyng  true  knowledge  that  Edinod  was  nether  Croke- 
backed  nor  a  deformed  persone,  but  a  goodly  gentil  man  and  a  valiante  capitain,  and 
so  muche  fauored  of  his  louyng  father,  that  he  to  preferre  hym  to  the  manage  of  the  Qliene 
dowager  of  Nauerne  hauyng  a  greate  liuelode,  gaue  to  hym  the  countie  paliityne  of  Lan- 
castre with  many  notable  honours,  high  seigniories  and  large  priuileges.  Therefore  thei 

2  aduised. 


aduiscd  hym  to  make  some  other  clayme  to  the  'newe  obteined  regiment,  and  so  caused  it 
to  be  proclaimed  and  published  that  he  chalenged  the  realme  not  onely  by  conquest,  but  also 
-because  he  was  by  kyng  Richard  adopted  as  heire,  &  declared  successor  &  of  hym  by  re- 
signacion  had  accepted  the  croune  and  scepter,  &  also  that  he  was  the  next  heire  male  of 
the  bloud  royall  to  kyng  Richard. 

After  that  he  was  crouned,  he  created  his  eldest  sonne  lorde  Henry,  Prince  of  Wales, 
duke  of  Cornwale,  and  erle  of  Chester,  then  beeyng  of  the  age  of.  xij.  yeres.  This  solenite 
finished,  he  called  his  high  court  of  parliament,  in  the  whiche  it  was  demaunded  by  the 
.kynges  frendes  what  should  be  doen  with  kyng  Richard.  The  bishop  of  Carleile  whiche 
was  a  man  both  wel  lerned  &  well  stomacked  rose  vp  and  said.  My  lordes  I  require  you 
take  hede  what  answere  you  make  to  this  question.  For  I  thynke  there  is  none  of  you 
worthy  or  rnete  to  geue  iudgemente  on  so  noble  a  Prince  as  kyng  Richard  is,  whom  we  haue 
taken  for  our  souereigne  and  leige  lorde  by  the  space  of.  xxij.  yeres,  and  I  assure  you,  there 
is  not  so  ranke  a  tray  tor,  nor  so  arrante  a  thiefe,  nor  so  cruell  a  murderer,  \\hiche  is  appre- 
hended and  deteigned  in  prisone  for  his  offence,  but  he  shall  bee  brought  before  the  iustice  to 
heare  his  iudgemente,  and  yet  you  will  proceade  to  the  iudgemente  of  an  anoynted  kyng,  and 
here  nother  his  answere  nor  excuse.  And  I  saie  that  the  duke  of  Lancastre  whom  you  call 
kyng,  hath  more  offended  &  more  trespassed  to  kyng  Richard  and  this  realme,  then  the 
kyng  hath  other  doen  to  hym  or  to  vs.  For  it  is  manifestly  knowen  that  the  duke  was 
banished  the  realme  by  kyng  Richard  and  his  counsaill,  and  by  the  iudgemente  of  his  owne 
father,  for  the  space  of  tenne  yeres,  for  what  cause  all  you  knowe,  and  yet  without  license  of 
Kyng  Richarde  he  is  returned  again  into  the  realme,  ye  and  that  is  worse,  hath  taken  vpon 
hym  the  name,  title  and  prehemience  of  a  kyng.  And  therefore  I  say  and  affirme  that  you 
do  apparently  wrong,  and  manifest  iniury  to  precede  in  any  thy ng  against  kyng  Richard, 
without  callyng  him  opely  to  his  answer  and  defence.  When  the  bishop  had  ended,  he 
was  incontinent  by  therle  Marshall  attached  &  committed  to  ward  in  the  Abbey  of.  S. 
Al  bones. 

5f  And  then  it  was  concluded,  that  kyng  Richard  should  continew  in  a  large  prisone,  and 
should  bee  plentifully  serued  of  all  thynges  necessarie  bothe  for  viande  and  apparell,  and 
that  if  any  personcs  would  presume  to  rere  warre  or  congregate  a  multitude  to  releue  or 
tleliuer  hym  out  of  prisone,  that  then  he  should  bee  the  first  that  should  dye  for  that  sedici- 
ous  commocion.  In  this  Parliamente  the  Lorde  Fitzwater  appeled  the  duke  of  Aumarle  of 
high  treason,  and  offered  to  fight  with  hym  in  listes  royall.  Likewise  the  lorde  Morley 
uppeled  therle  of  Salisbury,  and  there  were  more  then.  xx.  appellantes  which  waged  battaill 
in  this  parliamente.  But  the  kyng  pardoned  all  their  offences  sauyng  the  fautes  of  the  lorde 
Morley  and  therle  of  Salisbury,  whom  he  comitted  to  ward,  and  after  at  the  request  of  their 
fredes,  their  offences  wer  remitted  &  thei  deliuered.  He  punished  also  extremely  all  suche 
as  were  priuie  and  dooers  of  the  homecide  of  Thomas  his  vncle  late  duke  of  Glocester, 
whiche  was  shamefully  murdered  before  in  y  toune  of  Caleis.  Besides  this,  he  auansed  his 
frendes,  and  called  out  of  exile  Richard  erle  of  Warwike,  and  restored  the  exile  of  Arun- 
delles  sonne  to  his  owne  possession  and  dignite,  and  many  other.  He  toke  into  his  speciall 
fauor  Ihon  Hollande  duke  of  Exceter  and  erle  of  Huntyngdone  halfe  brother  to  king  Rich- 
ard, whiche  had  espoused  the  lady  Elizabeth  his  owne  sister.  And  beeyng  before  capitain 
of  Caleis,  greatly  moued  and  inwardly  greued  that  Kyng  Richarde  his  brother  was  amoued 
out  of  the  seate  royall,  began  to  reyse  and  stirre  vp  newe  mocions  and  sedicious  faccions 
within  the  realme.  Werfo^e  to  aduoyde  suche  pestiferus  dangers,  the  newe  kyng  recociled 
hym  to  .his  fauor,  and  made  hym  as  he  surely  conjectured  his  perfite  frende,  where  in 
deede  he  was  inwardly  his  dedly  enemie.  In  this  parliament  wer  adnichilate  al  the  actes 
passed  in  the  parliament  holden  by  kyng  Richard  in  the.  xxj.  yere  of  his  reigne,  whiche 
was  called  the  euill  parliament  for  the  nobilitee,  the  worse  for  the  menaltie,  but  worste  of  all 
for  the  c5manaltee.  JFor  in  that  parliament,  will  ruled  for  reason,  men  aliue  were  con- 
demned without  examinacion,  men  dedde  and  put  to  execucid  by  priuy  murder  wer 
adiudged  openly  to  die,  the  hie  prelate  of  the  realme  without  answere  was  banished : 

6  An 


An  erle  arraigned  could  not  be  suffered  to  plede  hs  pardon,  and  consequently  one 
counsailer  did  al  thyng,  and  all  counsailers  did  nothyng,  affirmyng  the  saiyng  of  Esope, 
whiche  hearyng  his  feloe  to  saie  that  he  could  do  all  thynges,  saied  he  could  do  nothyng. 
When  he  had  thus  reconciled  his  nobilite,  and  gat  the  fauor  of  the  spiritualte  and  wonder- 
fully pleased  the  comonaltee,  but  not  so  muche  pleasyng  .them,  as  the  possessyng  of  the 
croune  pleased  hymself  and  his  frendes,  he  of  them  and  by  the  fauor  of  them  bothe,  for 
the  auoydance  of  al  claimes,  titles  and  ambiguitees  to  be  made  vnto  the  croune  and  diademe 
of  the  realme  had  his  dignitee  ligne  and  succession  enacted,  confirmed  and  entayled  by  the 
assent  of  the  high  courte  of  Parliamente  as  foloweth  worde  by  worde. 

"  At  the  request  and  peticion  aswell  of  the  nobilitie  as  of  the  comons  in  this  parliamente 
assembled,  it  is  ordaigned  and  established  that  the  enheritance  of  the  crounes  and  realmes 
of  Englande  and  of  Fraunce,  and  of  all  other  lordshippes  to  the  kyng. our  souereigne  lorde, 
aswel  on  this  side  the  seas  as  beyond  apperteignyng  with  their  appurtenaces,  shall  bee  vnited  . 
and  remain  in  the  persone  of  our  souereigne  lorde  the  kyng,  and  in  the  heires  of  his  body 
lawfully  begotten.  And  especially  at  the  request  and  assent  aforsaid,  it  is  ordeigned,  estab- 
lished, pronounced,  enacted,  writen  and  declared,  that  my  lorde  Prince,  Henry  eldest  sonne 
to  our  soueraigne  lorde  the  kyng,  shall  bee  heire  apparante  and  successor  to  our  saied 
souereigne  lorde  in  the  said  croune,  realmes  £  seigniories,  to  haue  £  enioy  them  with  al 
their  appurtenaunces  after  the  discease  of  our  saied  soueraigne  to  hym  and  the  heires  of  his 
body  begotten.  And  if  he  die  without  heires  of  his  body  begotte,  that  then  the  saied 
crounes,  realmes  and  seigniories  with  their  appurtenances  shal  remain  to  the  lorde  Thomas, 
secod  sonne  to  our  said  soueraigne  lorde  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body  begotten,  .and  if  he 
departe  without  issue  of  his  body  begotten,  all  the  premisses  to  remaigne  to  lorde  Ihon  his 
third  sonne  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body  begotten.  And  if  he  dye  without  issue,  then  the 
crounes,  realmes,  £  seigniories  aforesaied  with  their  appurtenances  shal  remain  to  the 
loi  de  Humfrey  the.  iiij.  sonne  to  our  said  souereigne  lorde,  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body 
lawfully  begotten." 

After  whiche  acte  passed,  he  thought  neuer  to  bee  by  any  of  his  subiectes  molested  ori 
troubled.  £But  O  Lord,  what  is  the  mutabilitee  of  fortune  ?  O  God  what  is  the  chaunge 
of  worldely  safetie  ?  O  Christe  what  stablenes  consisteth  in  mannes  prouision  ?  Or  what 
ferine  suerty  hath  a  prince  in  his  throne  and  degree  ?  Considryng  this  kyng  hauyng  the 
possession  of  the  croune  and  realme,  and  that  in  open  parliament,  agreed  to  by  the  princes, 
concliscended  to  by  the  Clerkes,  ratified  by  the  commons,  and  enacted  by  the  three  estates 
of  the  reaune,  was  when  he  thought  hymself  surely  mortised  in  a  ferme  rocke  £  immouable 
foundacion,  sodainly  with  a  trimbelyng  quickesande  £  vnstedfast  grounde  like  to  haue  sonke 
or  been  ouerlhrowen.  For  diuerse  lordes  whiche  wer  kyng  Richardes  frendes,  outwardly 
dissiivuled  that  whiche  thei  inwardly  conspired  and  determined,  to  confounde  this  kyng 
Henry  to  whom  thei  had  bothe  sworne  allegance  and  doen  homage,  and  to  erect  again  and 
set  vp  their  old  lorde  and  frend  kyng  Richard  the  second. 

In  this  case  there  lacked  only  an  orgaine  and  conueighance  bothe  how  secretly  to  serche 
and  knowe  the  myndes  of  the  nobilitee,  as  all  so  to  bryng  them  to  an  assemble  and  counsail, 
where  thei  might  consult  and  comen'together,  how  to  bryng  to  efficacite  and  effect,  their 
long  desired  purpose  and  secrete  enterprise.  fSeJioJK-thgjhe  deuill  is  as  ready  to  set  furth 
mischief,  as  the  good  angell  is  to  auance  vertuej  At  this  time  was  an  Abbot  in  Westminster, 
a  man  of  aparant  vertues.  professyng  openly  Christ,  Christian  Charitee,  and  due  subieccion 
and  obeisance  to  his  prince  :  whiche  Abbot  hearyng  kyng  Henry  once  saie  when  he  was  but 
erle  of  Darby  and  of  no  mature  age  or  growen  grauitee,  that  princes  hud  to  litle,  and 
religeons  had  to  muche,  imagined  in  hymself  that  he  now  obteinyng  the  cronne  of  the 
realme,  if  he  wer  therin  a  long  continuer,  would  remoue  the  greate  beame.that  then  greued 
his  iyes  and  pricked  his  conscience.  For  you  muste  vnderstande  that  these  monasticall  per- 
sones,  lerned  and  vnliterate,  better  fed  then  taught,  toke  on  the  to  write  £  regester  in  the 
boke  of  fame,  the  noble  actes,  the  wise  dooynges,  and  politike  gouernances  of  kynges  and  { 




princes,  in  whiche  cronographie,  if  a  kyng  gaue  to  them  possessions  or  grauntcd  them 
liberties  or  exalted  them  to  honor  &  worldly  dignitee,  he  was  called  a  sainct  he  was  praised 
without  any  deserte  aboue  the  Moone,  his  geanelogie  was  written,  and  not  one  iote  that 
might  exalt  his  fame,  was  ether  forgotten  or  omitted.  But  if  a  Christian  prince  had  touched 
their  liberties  or  claimed  any  part  Justly  of  their  possessions,  or  would  babe  intermitted  in 
their  holy  francheses,  or  desired  aide  of  the  against  his  and  their  comon  enemies.  Then 
tonges  talked  and  pennes  wrote,  that  he  was  a  tirant,  a  depresser  of  holy  religion,  an  enemie 
to  Christes  Churche  and  his  holy  flocke,  and  a  damned  and  accursed  persone  with  Dathan 
and  Abiron  to  the  dope,  pitte  of  helle.  Wherof  the  prouerbe  bega,  geue  and  be  blessed, 
take  awaie  and  bee  accursed.  Thus  the  feare  of  lesyng  their  possessions,  made  them  pay 
ycrely  annates  to  the  Romish  bishop:  thus  the  feare  of  correccion  and  honest  restraint  of 
libertee,  made  them  from  their  ordinaries,  yea  almoste  from  obedience  of  their  princes  to  sue 
dispensacions,  exempcions  and  immunitees. 

THIS  Abbot  that  I  spake  of  whiche  could  not  well  forgette  the  saiyng  of  kyng  Henry, 
and  beyng  before  in  greate  fauor  and  high  estimacion  with  kyng  Richard  called  to  his  hous 
•n  a  daie  in  the  terme  season  al  suche  lordes  &  other  persones  whiche  he  ether  knewe  or 
thought  to  be  as  affeccionate  to  kyng  Richarde,  and  enuious  to  the  estate  and  auancement 
of  kyng  Henry,  whose  names  wer,  Ihon  Hollande  duke  of  Exceter  and  erle  of  Huntyngdon, 
Thomas  Hollande  duke  of  Surrey  and  erle  of  Kent,  Edward  duke  of  Aumarle  and  erle  of 
Rutland  sonne  to  the  duke  of  Yorke,  Iho  Montagew  erle  of  Salisbury,  Hugh  Speser  erle  of 
•Glocester,  Ihon  the  bishop  of  Carleill,  sir  Thomas   Blount  and  Magdalen  one  of  kyng 
Hicfeardes  chapell,  a  man  as  like  to  hym  in  stature  and  proporcion  in  all  liniamentes  of  his 
body,  as  vnlike  in  birthe  dignitee  or  condicions.     This  Abbot  highly  fested  these  greate 
lordes  and  his  speciall  frendes,  and  when  thei  had  well  dined,  thei  all  withdrew  thernselfes 
into  a  secrete  chamber  and  sat  doune  to  counsail,  when  thei  wer  set,  Ihon  Hollande  duke  of 
Exceter  whose  rage  of  reuengyng  y  iniury  doen  to  kyng  Richard  was  nothyng  mitigate  nor 
mollified,  but  rather  encreased  and  blossomed,  declared  to  theim  their  allegeance  promised, 
and  by  othe  confirmed  to  kyng  Richard  his  brother,  forgettyng  not  the  high  promocions  and 
notable  dignities  whiche  he  and  all  other  there  present  had  obteigned  by  the  high  fauor  and 
munificent  liberalitee  of  his  saied  brother,   by  the  whiche  thei  wer  not  onely  by  othe  and 
allegeance  bounde,  and  also  by  kindnes  and  vrbanitee  insensed  &  moued  to  take  part  with 
hym  and  his  frendes,  but  also  bound  to  be  reuenged  for  hym  and  his  cause,  on  his  mortall 
enemies  and  dedly  foes,   in  whiche  doyng  he  thought  policie  more  meter  to  be  vsed  then 
force,  and  some  wittie  practise  rather  to  be  experimented  then  manifest  hostilitee  or  open 
warre.     And  for  the  expedicion  of  this  enterprise  he  deuised  a  solempne  iustes  to  be  enter- 
prised  betwene  hym  and.  xx.  on  his  parte,  and  the  erle  of  Salisbury  and.  xx.  on  his  part 
at  Oxtbrde  :  to  the  whiche  triumphe,  Kyng  Henry  should  be  inuited  and  desired,  and  when 
he  were  moste  busely  regardyng  the  marciall  playe  and  warly  disporte,  he  sodainly  should 
bee  slain  and  destroyed.     And  by  this  meanes  kyng  Richard  whiche  was  yet  a  liue,  should 
be  restored  to  his  libertie  and  repossessed  of  his  croune  and  kyngdome,  and  appoincted 
farther  who  should  assemble  the  people,  the  numbre  and  persones,  whiche  should  accom- 
plishe  and  performe  this  inuented  assaie  and  policie. 

THIS  deuiseso  much  pleased  the  sediciouscongregacion,  that  thei  not  onely  made  an  in- 
denture sextipartite  sealed  with  their  scales  and  signed  with  their  handesin  the  whiche  eche 
•bounde  hym-eelfe  toother  toendeuoure  theim  selfes  both  for  the  destruction  of  Kyng  Henry 
and  the  creacion  of  King  Richard,  but  also  sware  on  the  holy  Euangelistes  the  one  to  be  trewe 
and  secrete  to  the  other,  euen  to  the  houre  and  point  of  death.     When  all  thynges  were  thus 
apointed  and  eoscluded  the  Duke  of  Exceter  came  to  the  kyng  to  Windsore,  requiryng  hym 
~{or  tbe  loue  that  he  bare  to  the  noble  actes  of  chiualrie,  that  he  woulde  vouchesate  not  onely 
to  repaire  to  Oxford  to  see  and  behold  their  manlie  feates,  and  warlike  pastime  :  but  also  to  be 
the  discouerer  and  indifierente  iudge   (if  any  ambiguitee  should  arise)  of  their  couragions 
actes  and  royall  triumphe.    The  kyng  seeyng  hymself  so  effectuously  desired,  and  that  of  his 

•:'.':  brother 


brother  in  lavve,  and  nothing  lesse  imagenyng  the  that  which  was  pretended,  gentelly 
graunted  and  frendly  condiscended  to  his  request.  Which  thing  obtained,  Jail  the  lordes 
of  this  cospiracie  departed  to  their  houses  (as  thei  noised)  to  set  armorer?  on  work  for 
trimmyng  of  their  harneis  against  the  solemne  iustes.  Some  had  the  helme  the  visere  the 
two  bauiers  &  the  two  plackardes  of  the  same  curiously  graue  and  conningly  costed:  Some 
had  their  collers  fretted  and  other  had  them  set  with  gilte  bullions,  one  company  had  the 
plackard,  the  rest,  the  port  the  burley,  the  tasses,  the  lamboys,  the  backpece  the  tapull, 
and  the  border  of  the  curace  all  gylte :  And  another  bande  had  them  all  enameled  Azure. 
One  sorte  had  the  vambrases  the  pacegardes  the  grandgardcs  the  poldren,  the  pollettes, 
parted  with  goldc  and  azure :  And  another  flocke  had  theym  siluer  and  sable :  Some  had 
the  mainferres,  the  close  gantlettes,  the  guissettes  the  tkncardes  droped  &  gutted  \viih  red, 
and  other  had  the  spekeled  with  grene :  one  sorte  had  the  quishes,  the  greues,.  the  surlettes, 
5"  sockettes  on  the  right  side  and  on  the  left  side  siluer.  Some  had  the  spere,  the  burre,  the 
cronet  al  yelowe,  and  other  had  them  of  diuers  colours.  One  band  had  the  scafteron  the 
cranct,  the  bard  of  the  horse  all  white,  and  other  had  them  all  gilte.  Some  had  their 
armyng  sweardes  freshly  burnyshed  and  some  had  the  conningly  vernished.  Some  spurres 
wer  white,  some  gilt,  and  some  cole  blacke.  One  parte  had  their  Plumes  all  white,  another 
had  them  all  redde,  and  the  third  had  them  ofseuerall  colours.-  One  ware  on  his  beadpece 
his  Ladies  sleue,  and  another  bare  on  his  helme  the  gloue  of  his  dearlyng :  But  to  declare 
the  costly  Bases,  the  riche  bardes,  the  pleasant  trappers  bothe  of  goldesrnithes  worke  and 
embrawdery,  no  lesse  sumptuously  then  curiously  wrought,  it  would  aske  a  long  time  to 
declare,  for  euerye  man  after  his  appetite  [3euised  his  fantasy  verifiyng,  the_oldfi^rouerbe, 
so  manyheades,  so  majijjvittesj' 

"TEelluke  of  Exceter  came  to  his  house  &  raised  men  on  euery  side  and  prepared  horse 
and  harneis,  mete  and  apte  for  his  compassed  purpose.  When  the  Duches  his  wife  which 
was  sister  to  kyng  Henry  perceiued  this,  she  no  lesse  trouble  conjectured  to  be  prepared 
against  her  brother  the  was  in  dede  eminent  &  ai  hand,  wherfore  she  wept  &  made  great 
lamentacion.  When  the  duke  perceued  her  dolour,  he  said,  what  Besse,  how  chaunseth  this, 
when  my  brother  king  Richard  was  deposed  of  his  dignitie,  and  committed  to  harcle  and 
sharpe  prison  whiche  had  bene  kyng  and  ruled  this  realme  noblie  by  the  space  of.  xxii.  yeres 
and  your  brother  was  exalted  to  the  throne  and  dignitie  imperial!  of  the  same,  then  my 
hearte  was  heauie,  my  life  stoode  in  ieopardie  and  my  combe  was  clerehy  cut,  but  you  then 
reioysed  laughed  and  triumphed,  wherfore  I  pray  yon  be  contente  that  I  may  aswell  reioyce 
and  haue  pleasure  at  the  deliueryng  and  restoryng  of  ray  brother  iustly  to  his  dignite,  as 
you  were  iocond  and  pleasaunt  when  your  brother  vniustly  and  vntrulie  depriued  and  dis- 
seazed  my  brother  of  the  same.  For  of  this  I  am  sure,  that  yf  my  brother  prosper,  you  and 
I  shal  not  fall  nor  decline  :  but  if  your  brother  continue  in  his  estate  and  magnificece  I 
double  not  your  decay  nor  ruine,  but  I  suspecte  the  losse  of  my  life,  beside  the  fbrfeyture 
of  my  landes  and  goodes.  When  he  had  sayd,  he  kissed  his  Lady  whiche  was  sorowful  and 
pensife,  and  he  departed  toward  Oxforde  with  a  grcate  company  bothe  of  Archers  and 
horsemen,  and  when  he  came  there,  he  founde  ready  al  his  mutes  and  confederates  wel 
apoinled  for  their  purpose,  except  the  Duke  of  Aumerle  Erie  of  Rutland,  for  whom  they 
sent  messengers  in  great  haste.  This  duke  of  Aumerle  went  before  from  Westminster  to 
se  his  father  the  duke  of  Yorke,  and  sittyng  at  diner  had  his  counterpaine  of  the  endenture 
of  the  confederacie  wherof  1  spake  before  in  his  bosotne. 

The  father  espied  it  and  demaunded  what  it  was,  his  sonne  lowely  and  beningly  answered 
that  it  myght  not  bee  sene,  and  that  it  touched  not  him.  By  saint'George  quod  the  father 
3  will  see  it,  and  so  by  force  toke  it  out  of  his  bosome,  when  he  perceaued  the  content  and 
the  sixe  signes  and  scales  sette  and  fixed  to  the  same,  whereof  the  scale  of  his  sonne  was  one, 
he  sodainlie  rose  from  the  table,  comaundyng  his  horses  to  be  sadeled,  and  in  a  greate  furie 
saied  to  his  sonne,  thou  trayter  thefe,  thou  hast  bene  a  traitour  to  kyng  Richard,  and  wilt 
thou  nowe  be  falce  to  thy  cosen  kyng  Henry?  thou  knovvest  wel  inough  that  I  am  thy 

D  pledge 


pledge  borowe  and  mayncperner,  body  for  body,  and  land  for  goodes  in  open  parliament, 
and  goestthou  about  to  seke  my  death  and  destruction?  by  the  holy  rode  1  had  leauer  see 
the  strangeled  on  a  gibbet.  And  so  the  duke  of  Yorke  moated  on  horsbacke  to  ride  toward 
Windsor  to  the  kyng  and  to  declare  the  hole  eftecte  of  his  sone  and  his  ad  he  rentes  &  par- 
takers. The  duke  of  Aumerle  seyng  in  what  case  he  stode  toke  his  horse  and  rode  another 
way  to  Windsor,  riding  in  post  thither  (whiche  his  father  being  an  olde  man  could  not  do.) 
And  when  he  was  alighted  at  the  castel  gate,  he  caused  the  gates  to  be  shut,  saying  that  he 
must  nedes  deliuer  the  keies  to  the  kyng.  When  he  came  before  the  kynges  presence  he 
kneled  dovvne  on  his  knees,  besechyng  him  of  mercy  and  forgeuenes:  The  kyng  demanded 
the  cause  :  then  he  declared  to  him  plainely  the  hole  confederacie  and  entier  coniuracion 
in  manner  and  forme  as  you  haue  harder  Well  saied  the  kyng,  if  this  be  trewe  we  pardon 
you,  if  it  bee  fained  at  your  extreme  perill  bee  it.  While  the  kyng  and  the  duke  talked 
together,  the  duke  of  Yorke  knocked  at  the  castel  gate,  whom  the  kyng  caused  to  be  let  in, 
and  there  he  delyuered  the  endenture  whiche  before  was  taken  from  his  sonne,  into  the 
kynges  handes.  Which  vvrityng  when  he  had  redde,  and  sene,  perceiuyng  the  signes  and 
scales  of  the  confederates,  he  chaunged  his  former  purpose.  For  the  daie  before  he  heryng 
say  that  the  chalengers  were  al  ready  and  that  the  defenders  were  come  to  do  their  deuoir, 
purposed  to  haue  departed  towarde  the  triumphe  the^  next  day,  but  by  his  prudent  and 
forecastyng  councel,  somwhat  staied  till  he  myght  se  the  ayre  clere  and  no  darcke  cloude 
nere  to  the  place  where  the  listes  were.  And  nowe  beyng  aduertised  of  the  truthe  and 
veritie,  howe  his  destruction  and  deathe  was  compassed,  was  not  a  littell  vexed,  but  with  a 
great  and  meruelous  agonie  perturbed  and  vnquieted,  and  therefore  determined  there  to 
make  his  abode  not  hauyng  time  to  loke  and  gase  on  lustes  and  tourneis,  but  to  take  hede 
howe  to  kepe  and  conserue  his  lyfe  and  dignitie,  and  in  that  place  taried  tyll  he  knewe  what 
way  his  enemies  would  set  forward.  And  shortly  wrote  to  the  Earle  of  Northumberland  his 
high  Costable,  and  to  the  erle  of  Westmerland  his  high  Marshal,  and  to  other  his  assured 
frendes  of  al  the  douteful  daunger  and  perelousieopardie.  The  coniuratoures  perceiuyng 
by  the  lacke  of  the  duke  of  Aumerles  coming,  and  also  seyng  no  preparacion  made  there 
for  the  kynges  commyng,  imagined  with  them  selfes  that  their  enterpryse  was  intimate  and 
published  to  the  kyng  :  Wherfore  that  thyng  whiche  they  attempted  priuilie  to  do,  nowe 
openly  with  speare  &  shilde  they  determined  with  all  diligent  celeritie  to  set  forth  and 
aduaunce.  And  so  they  adorned  Magdalene,  a  man  resemblyng  muche  kyng  Richard  in 
roiall  and  princely  vesture,  callyng  him  kyng  Richard,  affirming  that  he  by  fauour  of  his 
kepers  was  deliuered  out  of  prison  and  set  at  libertie,  and  they  followed  in  a  quadrat  array 
to  the  entent  to  destroy  king  Henry  as  the  most  pernicious  &  venemus  enemy  to  the  and  his 
owne  naturall  countrey.  While  the  confederates  with  this  newe  publyshed  Idole  accom- 
panied with  a  puissant  armie  of  men,  toke  the  directe  way  and  passage  toward  Windsor : 
Kyng  Henry  beyng  admonished  of  their  approchyng,  with  a  fewe  horse  in  the  night,  came 
to  the  Tower  of  London  about,  xii.  of  the  clocke,  where  he  in  the  mornynge  caused  the 
Maire  of  the  citie  to  apparell  in  armure  the  beste  and  moste  couragious  persons  of  the 
citie  :  which  brought  to  him.  iii.  M.  archers  and.  iii.  M.  bill  men,  beside  them  that  were' 
deputed  to  defend  the  citie. 

The  Lordes  of  the  confederacie  entered  the  castel  of  Windsor,where  they  findyng  not  their 
praie,  determined  with  all  spede  to  passe  forthe  to  London  :  But  in  the  waie,  changyng 
their  purpose  they  returned  to  the  towne  of  Colbroke  and  there  taried.  These  Lordes  had 
much  people  folowyng  them,  what  for  feareand  what  for  entreatie  surely  beleuyng  that  kyng 
Richard  was  there  present  and  in  company.  King  Hery  issued  out  of  London  with 
twentye  M.  men  and  came  to  Hounsloe  Heath,  where  he  pitched  his  campe,  abidyng  the 
commyng  of  his  enemies:  but  when  they  were  aduertised  of  the  kynges  puissaunce,  or  els 
amased  with  feare,  or  forthinkyng  and  repentyng  their  begonne  busines,  or  mistrustyng  their 
owne  company  and  felowes,  departed  from  thence  to  Barkamstede  and  so  to  Aucester,  and 
there  the  Lordes  toke  their  lodgyng:  The  duke  of 'Surrey  erle  of  Kent  and  the  erle  of 

2  Salisbury 


Salisbury  in  one  ynne,  and  the  duke  of  Exceter  and  the  carle  of  Glocesler  in  another,  and 
al  the  hoste  laie  in  the  feldes.     The  Baily  of  the  towne  with  fowre  score  archers  set  on  the 
house  wher  the  duke  of  Surrey  and  other  laie:  the  house  was  uiannely  assaulted  and 
strongely  defended  a  great  space :  The  Duke  of  Exceter  beyng  in  another  inne  with  the 
erle  of  Glocester  set  fier  on  diners  bowses  in  the  towne,  thin kyng  that  the  assailantes  would 
leuc  their  assault  and  rescue  their  goodes,  which  thing  they  nothyng  regarded.     The  host 
liyng  without  hearyng  noise  and  seyng  fire  in  the  towne,  beleuyng  that  the  kyng  was  come 
thyther  with  his  puissaunce,  fledde  without  measure  to  saue  them  selfes.     The  duke  of 
Exceter  and  his  company  seyng  the  force  of  the  townes  men  more  &  more  encreace,  fled 
out  of  the  backeside  entendyng  to  repaire  to  the  armie,  whiche  they  found  dispersed  and 
retired.     Then  the  duke  seing  no  hope  of  cofort,  tied  into  Essex,  and  the  erle  of  Glocester 
goyng  toward  Wales  was  taken  and  beheaded  at  Brisiowe.     Magdalene  fliyng  into  Scot- 
land was  appreheded  and  brought  to  the  Tower.     The   lordes  whiche  fought  still  in  the 
towne  of  Chichester  wer  wouded  to  deth  and  taken  and  their  heades  striken  of  and  sent  to 
London  :  and  there  were  taken  sir  Bennet  Shelley  or  Cell,  and  sir  barnard  Brokas  and.  xxix. 
other  Lordes  Knyghtes  and  Esqniers  &  sent  to  Oxford,  where  the  kyng  then  soiourned, 
where  sir  Thomas  Blonte  and  all  the  other  prysoners  were  executed.     Whe  the  Duke  of 
Exceter   heard  that  his  complices  wer  taken,  and  his  councellers  apprehended,  and  his 
frendes  and  alies  put  in  execucion,  he  lamented  his  owne  chaunce,  and  bewepte  the  mis- 
fortune of  his  frendes,  but  most  of  all  bewailed  the  fatall  end  of  his  brother  kyng  Richard, 
whose  death  he  saw  as  in  a  mirrour  by  his  vnhappy  sedition  and  malicious  attempte  to 
approche,  and  so  wanderynge  lurkyng  and  hidyng  him  selfe  in  priuy  places,  was  attached 
in  Essex,  and  in  the  lordshippe  of  Plasshey  a  towne  of  the  Duches  of  Glocester  and  there 
made  shorter  by  the  bed,  and  in  that  place  especially  because  that  he  in  the  same  Lordship 
seduced  £  falsely  betrayed  Thomas  duke  of  Glocester,  and  was  the  very  inward  auctour 
and  open  dissimuler  of  his  death  and  destruction.   F|p  .the_comon_Prpuerbe  was  verified,  as  /. 
yfln  ^"eL_.4QD£j-j^-AbjJJLyg!?^M^J  Qh  Lord  J[  would  jviah$  foaT  ttip  example,  of  many 
highlye  promoted  to  rule,  might  w.  had  in  meradne,  the  which  mete  and  ineasu re  their 
owne  iniquitie  and  il  doinges,  with  force  auctoritie  and  power,  to  the  entent  that  they  by 
these  examples  shoulde  auerte  their  myndes  from  ill  doynges,   and    such  vngodly    and 
execrable  offences./  After  this  Magdalein  that  represented  the  person  of  kyng  Richard 
amogest  the  rebels,  and  diuerse  other  were  put  in  execucion,  and  all  the  heades  of  the 
chefe  conspiratoures  sette  on  polles  on  London  bridge,  to  the  feare  of  other  whiche  were 
disposed  to  commit  like  offence.     The  Abbot  of  Westminster  in  whose  house  this  traiterous 
confederacy  was  conspired,  hearyng  that  the  chefetains  of  his  felowshippe,  were  espied, 
taken  and  executed,  going  betwene  his  monastery  and  mancion,   for  thoughte  fell  in  a 
sodaine  palsey,  and  shortely  after  without  any  speche  ended  his  life  :  after  whome  the  By- 
shop  of  Carlile  more  for  feare  then  sickenes,  rendred  his  spirite  to  God,  as  one  rather  desir- 
yng  to  die  by  deathes  darte,  then  temporall  swearde.     But  nowe  was  come  the  time  when 
all  the  confederates  and  compaignions  of  this  vnhappye  sedicion,  had  tasted  accordyng  to 
their  desertes,  the  painfull  penaunce  of  their  pleasante  pastime,  or  rather  pestiferus  obstin- 
acy, that  an  innocent  with  a  nocet,  a  man  vngilty  with  a  gilty,  was  pondered  in  an  egall 
balaunce.      For  pore  king  Richard  ignorant  of  all  this  coniuracion  kept  in  miserable  cap- 
tiuitie,  knowyng  nothyng  but  that  he  sawe  in  his  chamber,  was  by  king  Henry  adiudged  to"! 
die,  because  that  he  beyng  singed  and  tickeled  with  the  laste  craftie  policie  of  bis  enemies,  i 
would  deliuer  himself  out  of  all  inward  feare  and  discorde,  and  cleane  put  away  the  very  \ 
ground  wherof  suche  frutes  of  displeasure  mighte  by  any  waie  be  attempted  againste  him,  ) 
so  that  no  man  hereafter  shoulde  ether  faine  or  resemble  to  represente  the  persone  of  king 
Richarde :  jwherfore  some  saye  he  commaunded,  other  talke  that  he  condiscended,  many 
write  that  he  knewe  not  tyll  it  was  done  and  then  it  confirmed.     But  howe  so  euer  it  was, 
fcvng  Richarde  dyed  of  a  violent  death,  without  any  infection  or  naturall  disease  of  the  body.— 

D  2  The 


The  common  fame  is  that  he  was  euery  daye  serued  at  the  table  with  costely  meate  like  a 
kyng,  to  the  entent  that  no  creature  shuld  suspecte  any  thing  done  contrary  to  the  order 
taken  in  the  parliament,  and  when  the  meate  was  set  before  him,  he  was  forbidden 
that  he  shuld  not  once  touch  it,  ye  not  to  smel  to  it,  and  so  died  of  famin :  which 
kynd  of  death  is  the  most  miserable,  most  vnnatural,  ye  and  most  detestable  that  can 
be,  for  it  is  ten  times  more  painefull  then  death  (whiche  of  all  extremities  is  the 
most  terrible)  to  die  for  thirst  standyng  in  the  riuer,  or  starue  for  hunger,  besette  with 
•^twentie  deintie  disshes.  .Qjie^wnjej:  whiche  semed  to  haue  muche  knowledge  of  kyng 
Rychardes  affaires,  saieth  that  kyng  Henry  sittyng  at  his  table  sore  sighyng  said,  haue 
1  no  faithefull  frende  whiche  will  deliuer  me  of  him  whose  life  will  be  my  dcth,  and 
whose  death  will  be  the  preseruacion  of  my  life.  This  saiyng  was  muche  noted  of  them 
whiche  were  present  and  especially  of  one  called  sir  Piers  of  Exton.  This  knight  incon- 
tinently departed  fro  the  court  with  eight  strong  persons  and  came  to  Pomfret,  commaun- 
dyng  that  the  esquier  whiche  was  accustomed  to  sewe  and  take  the  assaye  before  kyng 
Richard,  shuld  no  more  vse  that  maner  of  seruice,  saiyng,  let  him  eate  we!  nowe,  for  he 
shall  not  long  eatc.  Kyng  Richard  sate  downe  to  dyner  and  was  serued  without  cnrtesie 
or  assay,  he  muche  meruailyng  at  the  sodaine  mutacion  of  the  thyng,  demaunded  of  the 
Esquier  why  he  did  not  his  duety?  sir,  said  he,  I  am  otherwise  comaunded  by  sir  Pyers  of 
Exton,  which  is  newely  come  from  king  Henry.  When  he  heard  that  worde,  he  toke  the 
caruyng  knife  in  his  hand  and  strake  the  esquier  on  the  head  saiyng,  the  deuell  take  Henry 
Pbf  Lancastre  and  the  together  :  and  with  that  worde  sir  Piers  entered  into  the  chamber  wel 
/  armed  with.  viii.  tall  men  inharneis,  euery  man  hauing  a  bill  in  his  had.  Kyng  Richarde 
perceuyng  them  armed,  knewe  well  that  they  came  to  his  confusion,  and  puttyng  the  table 
from  him,  valiantly  toke  the  bill  out  of  the  first  mannes  hand,  and  manly  defended  himselfc, 
and  slewe  fowre  of  them  in  a  short  space.  Sir  Piers  being  sowhat  dismaied  with  his  resist- 
yng,  lepte  into  the  chaire  where  kyng  Richard  was  wonte  to  sitte,  while  the  other  fowre 
persons  assailed  and  chased  him  aboute  the  chamber,  whiche  beyng  vnarmed  defended  him 
against  his  enemies  beyng  armed,  (whiche  was  a  valiaunt  acte)  but  in  conclusion  chasyng 
and  trauersing  fro  the  one  side  to  the  other,  he  came  by  the  chaire  wher  sir  Piers  slode, 
whiche  with  a  stroke  of  his  Pollax  felled  hym  to  the  ground,  and  then  shortely  he  was  rid 
out  of  the  worlde,  without  ether  confession  or  receit  of  sacrament.  ^When  this  knight  per- 
ceiued  that  he  was  deade,  he  sobbed,  wept,  and  rent  his  heare  criyng,  Oh  Lord,  what  haue 
we  done,  we  haue  murthered  hym  whom  by  the  space  of.  xxii.  yeres  we  haue  obeied  as 
king,  and  honored  as  our  soueraigne  lord,  now  all  noble  men  will  abhorre  vs,  all  honest 
persons  will  disdaine  vs,  and  all  pore  people  will  rayle  and  crie  out  vpon  vs,  so  that  duryng 
our  naturall  Hues,  we  shal  be  poincted  with  the  finger,  and  our  posterite  shal  be  reproued 
as  children  of  Homecides,  ye  of  Regicides  &  prince  quellersT].  Thus  haue  I  declared  to  you 
the  diuersities  of  opinions  concernyng  the  deathe  of  this  mfortunate  prince,  remittyng  to 
your  iudgement  whiche  you  thinke  most  trewe,  but  the  very  trouthe  isthat  he  died  of  a 
violent  death,  and  not  by  the  darte  of  naturall  infirrnitie. 

When  Atropos  had  cut  the  line  of  his  lyfe,  his  body  was  embaulmed  and  seared  and  couered 
with  lead  al  saue  his  face  (to  the  entent  that  all  men  might  perceiue  that  he  was  departed 
out  of  this  mortal  lyfe)  and  was  conueighed  to  London,  where  in  the  cathedrall  churche  of 
saincte  Paule  he  had  a  solempne  obsequie,  and  from  thence  conueighed  to  Lagley  in  Buck- 
yngham  shire,  where  he  was  enterred,  and  after  by  kyng  Henry  the.  v.  remoued  to  West- 
minster, and  there  intombed  honorably  with  quene  Anne  his  wife,  although  the  Scottes  vn- 
treuly  write  that  he  escaped  out  of  prisone,  and  led  a  verteous  and  solitary  life  in  Scotlande, 
and  there  died  and  is  buried  intheblacke  Friers  at  Sterlyng.  What  trust  is  in  this  worlde,  what 
suretie  man  hath  of  his  life,  &  what  constancie  is  in  the  mutable  comonaltie,  all  men  maie 
apparently  perceiue  by  the  ruyne  of  this  noble  prince,  whiche  beeyng  an  vndubitate  kyng, 
"crooned  and  anoymed  by  the  spiritualtie,  honored  and  exalted  by  the  nobilitee,  obeyed  uod 



worshipped  of  the  comon  people,  was  sodainly  discerned  by  theim  whiche  he  moste  trusted, 
betraied  by  ttieim  whom  he  had  preferred,  &  slain  by  theim  whom  he  had  brought  vp  and 
norished  :  so  that  all  menne  maie  perceiue  and  see,  that  fortune  wayeth  princes  and  pore 
men  all  in  one  balance. 

WHEN  ne.wes  of  kyng  Richardes  deposyng  were  reported  into  Frauce,  kyng  Charles 
and  all  his  court  wondered,  detested  &  abhorred  suche  an  iniurie  to  bee  doen  to  an  anoynt- 
ed  kyng,  to  a  crouned  prince,  &  to  the  hed  of  a  realme  :  but  in  especial  Walt-ram  erle  of 
sent  Panic  whiche  had  maried  kyng  Richardes  halfe  sister,  moued  with  high  disdain  against 
kyng  Henry,  ceased  not  to  stirre  and  prouoke  y  Frenche  kyng  and  his  counsaill  to  make 
sharpe  warre  inEnglande,  to  reuenge  the  iniurie  and  dishonor  comitted  and  doen  to  hissonne 
in  lawe  kyng  Richard,  &  he  hymself  sent  letters  of  defiance  to  England.     Whiche  thyng 
was  sone  agreed  to,  and  an  armie  royall  appoyncted  with  all  spede,  to  innade  England. 
But  the  Frenche  kyng  so  stomacked  this  high  displesure,  &  so  inwardly  coceiued  this  infor- 
tunate  chance  in  his  minde,  that  he  fell  into  his  old  disease  of  the  frensy,  hat  he  had  nede 
accordyng  to  the  old  prouerbe,  to  saile  into  the  Isle  of  *  Anticyra,  to  purge  his  melacholie  *Anticyra 
humor,  but  by  the  meanes  of  his  phisicions,  he  was  somwhat  releued  &  brought  to  know-  Ast^where" 
ledge  of  hymself.     This  armie  was  come  doune  into  Picardy,  redy  to  be  trasported  into  ^n^^th, 
Englad,  but  whe  it  was  certainly  certified  that  kyng  Richard  was  ded,  &  that  their  enterprise  purgeth  S 
of  his  deliuerace  was  frustrate  &  voyd.  tharmie  scattred  &  departed  a  sonder.  t^rof* 

BUT  when  the  certaintie  of  kyng  Richardes  death  was  declared  to  the  Aquitaynes  and  <-s  the  pro- 
Gascons,  the  moste  parte  of  the  wisest  men  of  the  countree,  fell  into  a  greate  bodely  feare,  ""1*10*° 
and  into  a  dedly  dreade.     For  some  lamentyng  the  instabilitee  of  the  Englishe  people,  Anticira,  as 
iudged  theim  to  be  spotted  with  perpetuall  infamie,  and  brought  to  dishonor  &  losse  of  their  ^^f' 
auncientfaine  and  glory,  for  comittyng  so  heynous  a  cryme  and  detestable  an  offence  against  youreM*. 
their  king  &  soueraigne  lorde.     The  memorie  wherof,  thei  thought  would  neuer  be  buried 
or  extincted.     Other  fered  the  losse  of  their  goodes  and  liberties,  because  they  imagined 
that  by  this  ciuill  discencion  and  intestine  deuision,  the  realme  of  England  should  so  bee 
vexed  and  troubled,  that  their  countree  (if  the  Frenchemenne  should  inuade  it)  should  bee 
destitute  and  lefte  voide  of  all  aide  and  succor  of  the  Englishe  nacion.     But  the  citezens  of 
Burdeaux  toke  this  matter  very  sore  at  y  stomacke,  because  kyng  Richard  was  borne  and; 
brought  vp  in  their  citee,  lamentyng  and  criyng  out,  that  sithe  the  beginnyng  of  the  worlde, 
there  was  neuer  a  more  detestable,  a  more  vilanous  nor  a  more  heynous  acte  committed  : 
whiche  beyng  sad  with  sorowe  and  enilamed  with  malencolie,  saied  that  vntrue,  vnnaturall 
and  vnmercilull  people  had  betrayed  and  slain,  contrary  to  all  law  and  iustice  and  honestie, 
a  good  man,  a  iuste  prince  and  politike  gouernor.     Besechyng  God  deuoutly  on  their 
knees,  to  be  the  reuenger  and  punisher  of  that  detestable  offence  and  notorius  crime. 

WHEN  the  Frenchmen,  whiche  haue  iyes  of  the  wakyng  serpent,  perceiued  the  dolor 
and  agony  that  the  Aquitaynes  and  Gascons  wer  in  for  the  death  of  'heir  prince,  duke  and 
countrymanne,  they  reioysed  and  aplauded  in  maruelous  maners,  thynkyng  with  theimselfes 
that  (the  Gascons  nowe  abhorryrtg  and  detestyng  the  Englishe  men  more  than  a  Dogge  or  an 
Adder)  they  verie  easely  mighte  obtain  the  whole  countree  and  douchie  of  Aquitaine,with  the 
members  and  territories  there  to  apperteignyng,  if  they  would  ether  by  entreatie  or  by  inua- 
sion  moue  the  people  beyng  now  amased  and  comfortles,  as  shepe  without  a  shepeherd,  or 
beastes  without  an  herdman.  Whin-fore  in  greate  haste  and  slowe  spede,  Lewes  clnke  of 
Burbon  was  sent  to  Angit-rs,  &  wrote  to  diuerse  citees  and  tounes  on  the  confynes  of  Aqui- 
tain  and  Gascon,  exhortyng  them  with  large  promises  and  flateryng  wordes,  to  reuolte  and 
turne  from  the  Englishe  subieccion,  and  become  vassals  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce.  But  all 
his  glosyng  wordes  seruedlitle,  and  all  his  faire  promises  profited  muche  lesse.  For  the  people 
knewe  that  the  Englishe  yoke  was  but  a  tether,  &  the  yoke  of  Fraunce  was  more  ponderus 
then  lede,  seyng  daily  how  the  I rench  men  vexed  and  molested  ther  miserable  people  with 
extreme  exaccios  and  intollerable  tallages,  rasyng  .their  skinne  to  the  very  bone,  and  their 



purses  to  the  veryfootome  wherfore  they  determined  rather  to  abide  in  their  bid  subicccion 
and  obedience,  then  for  a  displeasure  irrecurable  to  auenture  themselfes  on  a  newe  chance 
and  a  deubtfuil  parell. 

KING  Henry  beeyng  aduertised  of  all  the  Frenche  alternptes  and  couert  conueighances, 
sent  the  lorde  Thomas  Percy -erle  of  Worceter  with  a  goodly  trewe  of  souldiours  into  Aqui- 
tain,  to  aide  and  assist  sir  Robert  Knolles  his  leuetenante  there,  and  to  perswade  and 
exorte  the  people  to  continewe  in  their  ancient  libertie  and  dewc  obeysance.  The  erle 
arriued  there,  and  so  wisely  entreated  the  noble  men,  so  grauously  persuaded  the  mage- 
strates  of  the  citees  and  tounes,  and  so  gently  and  familiarly  vscd  and  traded  the  vulgare 
people,  that  he  not  onely  appeased  their  furie  and  malice,  but  brought  theim  to  a  louyng  and 
"vniforme  obeysance,  receiuyng  of  them  othes  of  obedience  and  loyall  fealtie,  whiclie  done 
he  retourned  againe  into  England  with  great  thankes.  When  kyng  Charles  of  Fran  nee  per- 
ceiued  that  his  purpose  and  attempte  was  frustrate  and  came  to  no  good  conclusion  in 
Aquitayne  and  that  kyng  Richard  being  deade,  his  enterprise  into  England  was  of  no  value 
and  of  small  purpose,  he  determined  with  him  selfe  to  inuent  some  way  howe  to  haue  the 
Lady  Isabell  his  doughter,  sometime  espoused  to  kyng  Richard  restored  to  him  again  :  and 
for  that  purpose  sent  a  solemne  ambassade  into  England  to  kyng  Henry,  whiche  gentely 
receiued  them,  and  gaue  in  answere  that  he  would  send  his  commissioners  shortely  to  Caleis, 
whiche  shoulde  farther  common  and  coclude  with  them,  not  onely  that  request,  but  diners 
other  matters  of  gret  effecte  and  efficacie.  And  shortley  after  their  departyng  he  sent 
Edward  duke  of  Yorke,  before  called  duke  of  Aumerle,  whiche  succeded  in  the  said  duchie 
his  father  Edmond  duke  of  Yorke,  a  littell  before  disseased  and  Henry  erle  of  Northumber- 
land into  the  countrei  of  Guisnes.  The  commissioners  assembled  at  diuers  places  at  sondry 
times.  The  duke  of  Borbon  aboue  al  thynges  required  in  the  name  of  the  French  king  his 
master,  to  haue  quene  Isabell  to  him  deliuered.  The  Englishmen  that  to  do  continually  did 
deny,  requiryng  to  haue  her  maried  to  Henry  Prince  of  Wales,  a  man  bothe  in  blud  and 
age  to  her  in  all  thinges  equal!.  But  the  Frenche  kyng  that  mariage  vtterly  refused,  saiyng 
he  wolde  neuer  ioyne  affinitie  after  with  the  Englishe  nacion,  because  that  the  aliance  had  so 
vnfortunate  successc. 

Then  they  began  to  entreate  a  continual!  peace,  whiche  request  the  Frenchemen  refused, 
and  in  conclusion  they  agreed  that  the  truce  whiche  was  taken  betwene  them  and  kyng  Rich- 
arde,  for  the  terme  of.  xxx.  yeres,  was  renouate  and  confirmed.  Some  authors  affirm  that 
there  was  a  newe  leage  concluded  and  confirmed  betwene  both  the  realmes  duryng  the  Hues 
of  bothe  the  princes,  whiche  semeth  to  haue  a  certein  colour  of  veritie.  For  the  kyng  sent 
shortly  after  the  foresaid  Lady  Isabell  vnder  the  conducte  of  the  Lord  Thomas  Percy  erle 
of  Worceter,  associate  with  many  noble  and  honourable  personages,  as  well  of  women  as 
men,  hauyng  with  her  al  the  lewells  ornamentes  &  plate  (with  a  great  surplusage  geuen  to 
hir  by  the  kyng  whiche  she  brought  into  England)  was  sente  in  solemne  estate  to  Caleis,  and 
there  deliuered  to  Waleran  erle  of  saincte  Paule  Lieuetenant  for  the  French  king  in  Picar- 
die,  and  so  conueighed  to  her  father,  whiche  gaue  her  in  mariage  to  Charles  sone  to  Lewes 
duke  of  Orleaunce.  The  Frenchmen  often  times  required  king  Henry  to  assigne  to  her  a 
dower,  but  al  was  in  vaine,  for  the  Englishemen  answered  that  the  matrimony  was  neuer 
consummate,  by  reason  wherof  she  was  not  dowable,  by  the  very  treatie  of  the  mariage  con- 
eluded,  and  so  this  matter  seased,  and  was  no  more  moued.  V  As  the  olc(  prouerhe^saifhj 
after  winde  commeth  jajn,  &' after  one  ejyiil .comply easu.eth.  anothert  39.  duryng  the  time  that 
kyng  Henry  was  vexed  and  vnquieted,  bothe  within  the  realme  &  without.. 

OWEN  Gtenebfr^eqtitt'e-tTf  Wattes,"  Bslceiuyng  the  reaime  to  be.  vnquieted.  and  the 

kyng  not  yet  to  be  placed  in  a  sure  and  vnmouableseate,  entedyng  to  vsurpe  and  take  vpon 

hym  the  principalitie  of  Wales,  and  the  name  and  preheminence  of  the  same,  what  with 

faire  flatteryng  wordes  and  with  large  promises,  soenuegled  entised  and  .allured  the  wilde  and 

-vndiscrite Welshmen,  that  they  toke  hym  as  their  prince  and  made  to  hym  an  othe  of  allegeance 

s       v    ,  cd  subieccion.    By  whose  supportacion,  he  beyng  elated  and  set  vp  in  aucthorite,  to  the 

'&  intent 


intent  to  bee  out  of  all  double  of  his  neighbors,  made  sharpe  warre  oft  Reignolde  lorde 
Grey  of  llithen  and  toke  hym  prisoner,  promisyng  hym  libertee  and  dischargyng  his  raun- 
some,  if  he  would  espouse  and  marie  his  dough ter,  thynkyng  by  that  affinitie,  to  haue  greate 
aide  and  muche  power  in  Wales.  The  lorde  Grey  beeyng  not  very  riche  nether  of  substance 
nor  of  frendes,  consideryng  this  offer  to  be  the  onely  waie  of  his  releffe  and  deliuerance, 

1  assented  to  his  pleasure  and  rnaried  the  damosell.  But  this  false  father  in  laxve,  this  vntre\v, 
vnhonest  and  periured  persone,  kept  hym  with  his  wife  still  in  captiuitee  till  he  died.  And 
not  content  with  this  heynous  offence,  made  warre  on  lorde  Edmond  Mortimer  erle  of 
Marche,  and  in  his  owne  lordship  of  Wigmore,  where  in  a  conflict  he  slewe  many  of  therles 
men  and  loke  hym  prisoner,  and  feteryng  hym  in  chaynes,  cast  hym  in  a  depe  and  miserable 
dongeon.  The  kvng  was  required  to  purchase  his  deliuerance  by  diuerse  of  the  nobilitie,, 
but  he  could  not  heare  on  that  side,  rather  he  would  and  wished  al  his  linage  in  heuen.. 
For  then  his  title  had  been  out  of  all  doubt  &  question,  and  so  vpon  this  cause  as  you  heare, 
after  ensued  great  sedicion. 

o^THUS  Owen  G lender  glorifiyng  hymself  in  these  twoo  victories,  inuaded'the  Marches- 
of  Wales  on  the  West  side  of  Seuerne,  robbed  vilages,  brent  tounes  and  slewe  the  people, 
and  laden  with  praies  and  bloudy  handes  returned  again  into  Wales,  neuer  desistyng  to  do 
euil  till  the  next  yere,  that  the  kyng  reised  a  greate  annie  and  puissance  to  resist  and  defende. 
his  malicious  atfemptes  and  sedicious  inuasions,  as  after  shall  be  declared.  It  was  not  suffi- 
ciet  in  this  first  yere  of  kyng  Henry,  this  realme  to  be  troubled  with  domestical  sedicion, 
vexed  with  the  craftie  practices  and  inuencions  of  the  Frenche  men,  and  inuaded  and  in- 
fested with  thefrantike  waueryngWelshemen,  but  also  fortune  hauyngenuy  at  the  glory  and 
fortunate  procedyng  of  this  man,  muste  in  his  saied  firste  yere  also,  arme  the  Scottes  with 
spcre  and  shelde  against  hym  and  his  realme,  wherof  the  occasion  shall  bee  to  you  declared 
accordyng  to  the  Scotticall  histories.  A  Ikle  before  this  tyme,  George  of  Dunbar  erle  of 
the  Marches  of  the  realme,  made  meanes  to  kyng  Robert  of  Scotlande,  that  Dauid  his  eldest 
sonne  might  rnarie  and  espouse  the  erles  doughter  called  Elizabeth,  and  deliuered  for  the 
performance  of  the  same  mariage,  into  the  kynges  handes  a  greate  some  of  money.  When 
Archebaulde  erle  Douglas  heard  of  this  conclucion,  disdainyng  therle  of  the  Marches  blud 
to  be  auaunced  before  his  stocke,  wherfore  ether  by  faire  wordes,  or  els  by  disbursyng  a 
greter  some  of  money,  he  so  enuegeled  Kyng  Roberte  of  Scotlande,  that  Dauid  his  heire 
refusyng  the  first  damosell,.  espoused  Mariell  the  erle  Douglas  doughter.  Therle  of  Marche 
desired  restitucion  of  his  money,  to  whom  the  kyng  gaue  many  friuolus  and  trifelyng 
aunsweres,  wherfore  he  disdainyng  so  to  bee  mocked  &  deluded  of  his  money,  with  his  wife 
and  family,  fled  into  England,  to  Henry  erle  of  Northumberlande,  entendyng  with  dent  of 
?werd  to  reuenge  the  injury  &  displesure  to  hym  by  the  kyng  comitted  £  doen,  £  so  with 
the  help  of  the  borderers  brent  diuerse  tounes,  £  slew  many  persons  in  the  realme  of  Scot- 

-^KING  Robert  beeyng  thereof  aduertised,  firste  deprived  the  Erie  George  of  all  his 
dignitees  and  possessions,  and  caused  his  goodes  to  bee  confiscate,  -and  after  wrote  to  the 
Kyng  of  Englande,  instantly  requiryng  hym,  if  he  would  the  truce  any  longer  to  continevv 
ether  to  deliuer  into  his  possession  the  Erie  of  Marche,  and  other  traitors  and  rebelles  to 
his  persone  and  realme,  or  els  to  banishe  and  exile  theim  out  of  his  realme,  territories  and 
dominions.  Kyng  Henry  discretly  answered  the  heiault  of  Scotland,  that  the  worde  of  a 
prince  ought  to  bee  kepte,  and  his  writyng  and  seale  ought  to  bee  inuiolate,  and  consider- 
yng that  he  had  graunted  a  saue  conduite  to  the  erle  and  his  compaigny,  he  would  nether 
without  cause  resonable  breake  his  promise,  nor  yet  deface  his  honor.  Whiche  answer 
declared  to  the  kyng  of  Scottes,  he  incontinente  did  proclaime  and  intimate  open  warre, 
against  the  kyng  of  England,  with  bloud  fire  and  swe'ard.  Kyng  Henry  perceiuyng,  that 

--policie  preuenteth  chance,  gathred  and  assembled  together  a  greate  annie,  and  entered  into 
Scotlande,  burnyng  townes  villages  and  castles,  sparyng  nothyng  but  religious  houses  and 
churches,  and  brent  a  greate  parte  of  the  tounes  of  Edenbrough  and  Lithe  and  beseged  the 



castle  of  Maidens  inEdenbrough,  in  thende  of  September,  whereof  was  capitain,  Dauicl  duke 
of  Rothsay  and  prince  of  the  realme,  and  Archibalde  erle  Douglas,  with  many  hardy  men. 
Roberte  duke  of  Albania,  beyng  appoyncted  gouernor  of  the  realme,  because  the  kyng  was 
sicke  and  vnapt  to  rule,  sent  vnto  kyng  Henry  an  harrold,  assuryng  hym  on  his  honour  that 
if  he  woulde  abide  and  tary  his  coming  and  repaire,  wlu'che  should  be  within  sixe  daies  at 
the  most  he  would  geue  hym  battaill,  and  remoue  the  siege,  or  els  die  for  it. 

The  kyng  beeyng  glad  of  these  ioyous  good  newes,  rewarded  the  herault  with  a  goune  of 
silke  and  a  chayne  of  gold,  promisyng  hym  in  the  worde  of  a  prince,  not  to  depart  thence 
but  abide  there,  thecomyng  of.  the  gouernor.  The  sixe  daies  passed,  ye  sixe  and  sixtene  to, 
the  gouernor  nether  apered  nor  sent  worde,  the  winter  waxed  cold,  vitaile  failed,  men  died 
of  the  flixe,  it  rained  euery  daie  so  habundantly,  that  hunger  and  colde  caused  the  kyng  to 
breke  vp  his  siege,  and  to  departe  out  of  Scotland,  without  battaill  or  skirmish  offered. 
Duryng  whiche  tyme  bothe  the  Wardens  of  the  Marches  beyng  with  the  kyng,  the  Scottea 
made  a  rode  into  Northumberlande,  and  burned  diuerse  tounes  in  Bamborough  shere,  and 
shortly  returned  again,  or  els  thei  had  been  trapped  &  come  to  late  home.  When  the  kyng 
of  England  had  dismissed  his  souldiers,  and  discharged  his  army,  the  Scottes  entendyng  to 
bee  reuenged  of  their  greate  domages  to  theim  by  the  Englishe  uacio  doen  and  committed 
by  therle  Douglas,  appoyncted  twoo  armyes  to  inuade  Englande.  Of  the  first  was  chieftain, 
sir  Thomas  Halibarton  of  Dirlton,  and  Patrike  Hebburne  of  Hales,  whiche  made  a  rode 
into  Englande,  and  returned  with  litle  losse  and  no  greate  gain.  After  this  the  forsaid  sir 
Patrike  Hebburne,  encoraged  &  boldened  with  the  prosperous  succcsse  of  this  first  iorney, 
with  a  greate  armie  of  the  people  of  Lowdian  inuaded  Northumberlande,  robbyng  and 
spoylyng  the  coutree  and  departed  homeward,  not  without  greate  gain  of  beastes  and  cap- 
tiues.  But  in  the  returne  he  was  encoutered  with  therle  of  Northumberlandes  vicewarden, 
&  other  gentilmen  of  the  borders  at  a  toune  in  Northumberlande  called  Nesbit,  and  there 
the  Englishemen  sore  assailed,  and  the  Scottes  valiantly  resisted,  but  after  a  long  fight,  the 
victory  fell  on  the  Englishe  partc,  and  as  Ihon  Mayer  the  Scot  wrireth,  there  wer  slain  the 
flower  of  all  Loughdean,  and  especially  sir  Patricke  Hebburne  with  many  of  his  linage. 
There  wer  apprehended  sir  Ihon  and  Willyam  Cockeburne,  sir  Robert  of  Bas,  Ihon  and 
Thomas  Hablincton  esquicrs,  and  a  greate  nomber  of  the  comon  people.  The  erle  Douglas 
sore  beyng  greued  with  the  losse  of  his  nacion  and  frendes,  entendyng  a  requitement  if  it 
were  possible  of  the  same,  by  the  consente  of  the  gouernour  of  Scotlande,  did  gather  a  houge 
armie  of  twentie  thousande  talle  menne  and  more. 

In  the  whiche  armie  was  Lord  Mordake  earle  of  Fife  sonne  to  the  gouernour  of  Scotland, 
the  erle  of  Angus,  and  many  other  erles  and  barons  of  the  nobilitie  of  Scotland.  These 
valiaunte  capitayns  and  couragious  souldioures  entered  into  Northumberlande  with  ban- 
ners displayed  like  menne  either  apte  or  thynkyng  theim  selfes  able  to  destroy  the  townes 
and  spoyle  the  countrey  and  Marches  of  Northumberlande.  When  they  were  entered  into; 
England  thinkyng  no  puissaunce  able  to  encounter  with  their  force,  out  of  a  valey  beside  a 
toune  called  Homeldon  issued  sodainly  the  Lorde  Henry  Percie,  whom  the  Scottes  for  his 
haut  and  valiant  corage  called  sir  Henry  hotspur,  and  in  his  company  the  Lorde  George  of 
Dunbar  erle  of  Marche  before  banished  Scotlande,  as  you  haue  heard,  with  all  the  genii!! 
menne  of  Northumberland,  and  eight  thousande  men  on  horsebacke  and  on  fote.  The 
encounter  was  sharpe,  the  fight  was  daungerous,  the  long  continuaunce  was  doubtfull,  for 
some  were  felled  and  rescued,  some  in  rescuyng  other  were  slaine,  other  gredy  of  prave  more 
then  of  strokes  fled  to  se  what  baggages  were  kept  emongest  the  Pages.  Thus  with  pure 
fightyng  of  the  Englishemen  and  fainte  hertes  of  the  bragging  Scottes,  the  brighte  beame  of 
victory  shone  on  sainct  Georges  crosse,  and  there  were  slaine  of  men  of  great  renoune  and 
estimacion  sir  Iho  Swinton,  sir  Adam  Gordon,  sir  Ihon  Leuiston,  sir  Alexander  Ransey  of 
Dalehowse,  and.  xxiii.  knightes  moo,  whose  names  ether  for  ignorance  or  for  feare  of  re- 
proche,  Hector  Boece  the  Scottish  archecbronocler  kepeth  in  silence  and  dothe  omitte, 
beside,  x.  M.  comons.  But  there  wer  taken  prisoners,  Mordaeke  erle  of  Fife,  Archebald 

1  erle 


erle  Douglas,  whiche  in  the  combat  loste  one  of  his  eyes,  Thomas  erle  of  Murrey,  Robert 
erle  of  Angus,  and  as  other  writers  affirme,  the  erls  of  Athell  und  Mentethe  with  v.  C. 

When  the  Lord  Percy  had  thus  obtained  this  glorious  victory,  he  sent  his  prisoners  into 
diuerse  fortresses,  and  determined  to  subdue  or  destroy  all  the  countrcis  of  Lowdene  and 
Marche,  whose  heades  and  Gouernours  ether  he  had  slain  or  by  force  taken  captiues.  And 
so  with  a  gret  power  entered  into  Tiuedale  wastyng  any  destroiyng  the  hole  countrey,  and 
they  beseged  the  castell  of  Cokelaues,  whereof  was  capitain  sir  Ihon  Grenlowe,  which 
seyng  that  his  castel  was  not  long  able  to  be  defended  copouhded  with  the  Englishmen  that 
yf  the  castel  wern  ot  suckered  within,  iii.  monthes,  that  then  he  would  deliuer  it  into  the  Eng- 
lishe  mennes  handes.  The  capitaine  thereof  wrote  vnto  the  Gouernour,  whiche  callyng  a 
great  councell,  the  moste  parte  aduised  hym  rather  frankely  and  frely  to  yeld  the  castel, 
than  to  put  in  ieopardie  and  caste  in  hasard  the  remnaunt  of  the  florishyng  nobihue  of  the 
realme.  So  muche  was  their  courages  abated  and  their  fumishe  crakes  refrigerat  with  the 
remembraunce  of  the  last  conflicte  and  batail.  But  the  gouernour  rebukyng  their  tiinerous 
lieartes,  and  Feminine  audacitie  (whether  he  thought  so  or  no  was  a  questio)  sware  that  if 
no  man  wold  folowe  of  the  nobilitie  he  woulde  do  his  deuoire  to  reskewe  the  castell  at  the 
day.  But  his  othe  was  nether  kept  nor  broken,  for  he  litell  preparyng  and  lesse  entendyng 
the  oth  whiche  he  solemply  made  neuer  set  fote  forward  duryng  the  first,  ii.  monethes,  for 
the  reising  of  the  seige  or  reskewe  of  the  castel.  But  the  Englisbe  men  beyng  sent  for  to 
go  with  the  kyng  into  Wales,  raised  their  siege  and  departed  leauyng  the  noble  men  prison- 
ers styll  with  the  earle  of  Northumberland  and  the  Lord  Percie  his  sonne,  which  by  the 
kyng  were  commaunded  to  kepe  them  to  his  vse,  and  not  to  deliuer  them  without  his  as- 

KYNG  Henry  jkw^atnot,his  enterprise  into  Wales,  but  made  provision  for  menne,  mu-  The 
nicions  and  artillary  me!e~and  conuenient  for  so  great  a  businessc,  whereof  the  Frenche  kyng 
beyng  aduertised,  sente  priuilie  Lorde  lames  of  Burbone  earle  of  Marche  and  his  two  bre- 
thren Ihon  and  Lewes,  with  xii.  C.  knightes  and  esquiers  to  aide  Owen  Glendor  against 
the  inuasions  of  kyng  Henry,  he  toke  shippyng  with.  xxx.  saile  at  the  mouthe  of  Seine,  and 
the  wynd  was  not  fauourable  to  his  purpose  for  he  coulde  neuer  approche  the  coaste  of 
Wales  but  came  before  the  towne  of  Plimmouthe  in  Deuonshire,  and  there  leauyng  his  great 
shippes  liyng  at  ancre,  in  the  nyghte  toke  land  and  brent,  spoiled  and  destroied  diuers  small 
villages,  and  poore  cotages,  arid  robbed,  v.  or  vi.  littel  Craiers  and  fisher  botes  laden  with 
fysshe  and  come.  But  while  he  and  his  companie  like  gredy  wolfes  were  sekyng  after  their 
praie,  the  winde  rose  highe  and  a  great  tempesteous  rage  and  furious  storme  sodainely 
flushed  and  drowned,  xii.  of  his  great  shippes  whiche  laie  in  the  mouth  of  the  hauen  for  his 
safegard  and  defence.  Whereof  when  the  erle  was  aduertised,  and  pcrceuyng  by  the  fi- 
ryng  of  the  beacons  that  the  people  began  to  assemble  in  plumpes  to  encounter  with  him, 
and  also  seyng  his  power  sore  diminished  as  well  by  the  slaughter  of  suche  as  ranged  abrode 
in  hope  of  spoyle  and  praye,  as  by  the  furious  rage  of  the  vnmercifull  see  and  hydeous  tem- 
pest, with  muche  paine  and  great  labour  toke  his  shippes  againe,  and  was  notwithout  ieo- 
pardie ef  his  lyfe  driuen  on  the  coast  of  Britaine  and  landed  atsainct  Malos.  L  The  French 
kyng  perceiuyng  that  this  chiice  had  il  successe ;  appointed  one  of  his  Marshals  called  Me- 
morancie,  and  the  master  of  his  Crosbowes  with.  xii.  M.  men,  to  saile  into  Wales,  which 
toke  shippyng  at  Brest  and  had  the  winde  to  them  so  prosperous  that  they  landed  at  Milfoid 
hauen,  and  leauing  the  castel  of  Penbroke  vnassaulted,  because  it  was  well  fortified,  man- 
red,  and  vitailed,  besieged  the  towne  of  Harforde  West  whiche  was  so  well  defended  by  the 
erle  of  Arundell  and  his  power  that  they  much  more  lost  then  gained."\  And  from  thence 
they  departed  towarde  Owen  Glendor  whome  they  nominated  prince  of  "Wales,  and  founde 
him  at  the  towne  of  Denbigh  abidyng  their  comyng  with  ten  thousand  men.  They  wer  of 
him  louingly  receiued,  andjgentelly  enterteined,  and  when  all  thynges  were  prepared,  they 
passed  by  Glamorgan  shire  toward  Worcester  and  there  brent  the  suburbes,  but  hearyng  of 

E  the 


Ihekynges  approchyng  sodainly  returned  into  Wales.    The  king  with  a  great  puissau nee  fo- 
lowed  and  founde  them  embattailed  on  a  highe  mountaine,  and  a  gret  yaley  betwene  bothe 
,.;  '  the  armies,  so  that  eche  armie  plainely  perceiued  other,  and  euery  hoste  loked  to  be  assau- 

ed  of  liis  aduersary,  and  of  the  groud  to  take  the  most  aduautage  :  thus  they  cotinued  eight 
daies  fro  mornyng  to  nyght  ready  to  abide  but  not  to  geue  battaile.  There  wer  many  fcarce 
skirmishes  and  many  propre  feates  of  armes  daily  done,  whiche  the  French  Croniclers  more 
then  the  Englishe  writers  can  reporte.  For  there  were  slaine  the  Lorde  Patrioles  of  Tries, 
brother  to  the  Marshall  of  France,  the  Lord  Mattelone  and  the  Lord  Vale  and  the  bastarde 
of  Burbon,  with,  v.  hundred  gentelmen. 

The  Frenche  men  and  Welshe  men  were  sore  trobeled  and  afflicted  with  famine,  that  their 
hertes  were  appalled  and  their  corages  sore  abated,  for  the  kyng  had  so  stopped  the  passages 
that  nether  vitayl  nor  succour  could  by  any  way  be  conueighed  to  the.  Wherfore  of  very 
necessitie  they  were  compelled  eyther  to  fyghte  or  flee :  And  so  by  the  aduisement  and  coun- 
cell  of  the  Marshall  of  Fraunce,  whiche  put  not  to  muche  confidence  in  the  waueryng 
Welshemen,  the  hole  hoste  departed  theight  day  at  midnight  in  the  most  secretes  maner  that 
they  could  deuise.  The  Frenche  men  with  littel  rewardes  and  no  gaine  returned  into  Bri- 
tayne  makyng  small  boast  of  their  painfull  iourney. 

THE  kyng  seyng  them  departed,  folowed  the  into  Wales,  and  chasing  them  from  hilles 
to  dales,  from  dales  to  woddes,  from  woddes  to  marishes,  and  yet  could  neuer  haue  them  at 
any  aduauntage.  A  world  it  was  to  see  his  quctidiane  remouyng,  his  painfull  and  busy  wan- 
deryng,  his  troblesome  and  vncertaine  abidyng,  his  continual  mocion,  his  daily  peregrina- 
cion  in  the  desert,  felles  and  craggy  mountains  of  that  bareine  vnfertile  and  depopulate 
countrey.  And  thus  beyng  tossed  from  countrey  to  countrey,  from  hill  to  vale,  from  nia- 
rishe  to  wod,  from  noughte  to  worsse,  without  gaine  or  profile,  withoute  vitayle  or  succour, 
he  was  of  necessitie  copelled  to  retire  his  armie  and  retourne  againe  to  Worcester,  in  whiche 
retournyng  the  Welshemen  knowing  the  passages  of  the  countrey,  toke  certaine  cariagesof  his 
laden  with  vitayle  to  his  great  displeasure,  and  their  great  comforte.  When  he  came  to  Wor- 
cester perceiuyng  winter  to  approche  which  season  of  the  yere  is  not  conuenient  and  proper 
for  men  of  warre  to  lie  in  the  feldes,  and  specially  in  suche  a  barraine  and  hilly  countrey  as 
Wales  is,  dispersed  his  armie  for  that  time  and  returned  to  London.  In  the  meane  time 
while  the  kyng  was  thus  occupied  in  Wales,  certain  malicious  and  cruel  persons  enuiyng 
and  malignyng  in  their  heartes  that  king  Henry  contrary  to  the  opinion  of  many,  but  against 
the  will  of  rno  had  so  shortely  obteigned  and  possessed  the  realme  and  regalitie,  biased 
abrode  &  noised  daily  amongest  the  vulgare  people  that  kyng  Richard  (whiche  was  openly 
senc  dead)  was  yet  liuyng  and  desired  aide  of  the  common  people  to  repossesse  his  realme 
and  roiall  dignitie.  And  to  the  furtheraunce  of  this  fantasticall  inuencion  partly  inoued  with 
indignacion,  partely  incensed  with  furious  malencolie,  set  vpon  postes  and  caste  aboute  the 
stretes  railyng  rimes,  malicious  meters  and  tauntyng  verses  against  kyng  Henry  and  his  pro- 
cedynges.  lie  beyng  netteled  with  these  vncurteous  ye  vnucrtuous  prickes  &  thornes, 
serched  out  the  authours,  and  amongest  other  were  found  culpable  of  this  offence  and 
crime,  sir  Roger  Claryngdoh,  knight,  and  eight  gray  Friers  whiche  according  to  their  me- 
rites  and  desertes  were  strangeled  at  Tiborne  and  there  put  in  execution.  I  may  not  here 
t  forget  to  shewe  you  howe  that  kyng  Henry  sekyng  nowe  aranitie  and  frendshippe  in* 
manie  sent  this  yere  his  eldest  doughter  Blaunche  accompanied  with  the  Erie  of  Sommerset,. 
the  Bishop  of  Worcester,  and  the  Lord  Clifforde,  and  other  noble  personages  into  AL- 
niaine,  whiche  brought  her  to  Coleyne,  and  there  with  great  triumphe  she  was  maried  to 
Willyam  Duke  of  Bauier,  sonne  and  heire  to  Lewes  of  Bauier  the  Emperour,  in  whiche 
yere  also  died  Lady  Katherine  Swinsforct  the  thyrde  wife  of  Ihon  of  Gaunt  duke  of  Lan- 
castre  father  to  this  kyng  Henry,  &  was  buried  at  Ltncolne.  In  the  saiue  yere  kyng  Henry 
maried  lane  Daches  of  Britaine  late  wife  to  Ihon  duke  of  Britaine  at  the  citie  of  Win- 
chester and  with  triumphal  pompe  conueighed  her  thorow  the  citie  of  London,  to  West* 
miuster,  and  there  she  was  crowned  Quene. 



While  these  thynges  were  thus  doyng  in  England  Waleran  Eric  of  sainct  Paulo  whiche 
had  inaricd  t!ie  iialle  sinter  of  Richard,  hauyng  a  malicious  lieart  and  a  deadly  hatred  to 
kyng  Henry,  a'ssebled  a  great  number  of  men  of  warre  to  the  number  of.  xvi..  or.  xviii.  C. 
whert-of  the  greatest  pane  were  noble  men,  and  made  great  prouisio  of  all  thingrs  neces- 
sary for  his  feate  and  enterprise.  And  on  sainct  Nicholas  day  entered  into  his  bhippes  at 
Harrlete  and  landed  in  .the  Isle  of  Wight,  and  when  he  sawe  no  apperaunce  of  defence,  he 
burned  two  poore  villages  and.  iiii.  simple  cottages,  and  for  great  triumphe  of  this  noble 
acte  he  made  iiii.  knightes:  but  sodainly  when  he  was  aduertysed  by  his  espials  that  th» 
people  of  the  Isle  vver  assembled  and  approched  to  fight  with  hym.  He  with  aUmste  pos- 
sible toke  his  shippes  and  retourned  home  againe,  wherwith  the  noble  men  of  his  company 
•were  much  discontente  and  displeased,  consideryng  that  his  prouision  was  great  and,  his 
gaine  small  or  none.  And  in  the  same  very  season  Ihon  Erie  of  Cleremount  sonne  to  the 
Duke  of  Burbone,  wonne  in  Gascoigne  the  castelles  of  sainct  Peter,  saincte  Marie  and  the 
newe  castell,  and  the  Lord  Delabrethe  wonnc  the  castell  of  Carlaffin,  whiche  was  no  small 
losse  to  the  Englishc  naciori :  Duryng  which  time  died  Philippe  duke  of  Burgoin,  and  duke 
Albert  of  Bauier  Erie  of  Henault. 


IN  this  yere  appered  a  comete  or  btasyng  Starre  of  a  houge  quantitie  by  a  long  season  The.Hi 
which  as  the  Astronomers  affirmed,  signified  great  effusion  of  mannes  blud,  which  iudge-  ycr' 
ment  was  not  frustrate  as  you  shall  perceiueTj  Eor  Henry  erle  of  Northumberland  and 
Thomas  erle  of  Worcester  his  brother,  arirtms  sonne  Lord  Henry  Percy  called  hotspur, 
which  were  to  king  Henry  in  the  beginnyng  of  his  reigne  bothe  fautours  frendes  and  aiders, 
perceiuing  nowe  that  he  had  pacified  all  domesticall  sedicion  and  repressed  his  enemies, 
and  reduced  his  realm  to  a  conuenient  quietnes,  began  somwhat  to  enuie  the  glory  of  hyrn, 
and  grudged  againste  his  welthe  and  felicitie.  And  specially  greued,  because  the  kyng  de- 
inaunded  of  the  Earle  and  his  sonne  suche  Scottishe  prisoners  as  they  had  taken  at  the  con- 
flictes  fought  at  Homeldon  and  Nesbit  as  you  before  haue  heard.  For  of  all  the  captiues 
whiche  were  there  taken,  ther  was  deliuered  to  the  kynges  possession  onely  Mordake  earle 
of  Fife  sonne  to  the  duke  of  Albanie  Gouernour  of  Scotland,  for  the  king  them  diuerse 
aad  sondry  times  of  therle  and  his  sonne  required.  But  the  Percies  affirmyng  them  to  be 
their  owne  propre  prisoners  and  their  peculiar  praies,  and  to  deliuer  theym  vtterly  denaied, 
in  so  muche  that  the  kyng  openly  saied  that  if  they  wolde  not  deliuer  them,  he  woulde  take 
them  without  deliuerance.  Wherwith  they  bcyng  sore  discotent,  by  the  councell  of  Lord 
Thomas  Percy  erle  of  Worcester,  whose  study  was  euer  to  procure  malice,  and  to  set  al 
thynges  in  broile  and  vncerteintie,  fainyng  a  cause  to  proue  and  temple  the  kyng,  came  to 
him  to  Wyndsor,  requiryng  him  by  raunsome  or  otherwise  to  cause  to  bee  deliuered  out  of 
prison  Edmond  Mortimer  erle  of  Marche  their  cosyn  gcrmain  whome  (as  they  reported) 
,Owen  Glendor  kept  in  filthy  prison  shakeled  with  yrons,  onely  for  that  cause  that  he  toke 
his  parte,  and  was  to  hym  faithful  and  trcwe.  ^The  kyng  began  not  a  litell  to  muse  on  this 
request,  and  not  without  a  cause,  for  in  dode  it  touched  him  as  nere  as  his  shcrte,  as  you 
well  may  perceiue  by  the  Genealogy  rehersed  in  the  beginnyng  of  this  story.  For  this  fed-/ 
inond  was  sonne  to  Earle  Roger  whiche  was  sonne  to  Lady  Philip  doughter  to  Lionel!  Duke 
of  Clarence,  the  third  sonne  to  kyng  Edward  the  third,  whiche  Edmonde  at  kyng  Richardes 
-going  into  Ireland,  was  proclaimed  heire  apparant  to  the  crounc  and  realme,  whose  Aunt 
called  Elinor  this  Lord  Henry  Percie  had  Maried.  i  And  therfore  the  kyng  litell  forced  al- 
though that  that  lignage  were  clerely  subuerted  and  vtterly  extincte.j  < 
J^WHEN  the  Jymgiiad  long  digested  anijstudiedon  this  matter,  he  made  aunswere  and 
sayd  that  the  EarleoT  Marche  was  not  taken  prisoner  nt'itllUi1'  for  his  cause  nor  in  his  ser- 
uice,  but  willyngly  suffered  him  selfe  to  be  taken,  because  he  woulde  take  no  partc  against* 
Owen  Glendor  and  his  complices,  and  therfore  he  woulde  nether  raunsome  nor  releue  hym, 

E  2  which* 


whiche  fraude  the  kyng  caused  openly  to  be  published  and  diuulged,  with  whiche  aunswere 
if  the  parties  were  angry  doubt  you  not.  But  with  the  publyshyng  of  the  cautell,  that  the 
Earle  of  Marche  was  willyngly  taken,  they  ten  times  more  fumed  and  raged  in  so  imiche 
that  sir  Henry  hotspur  said  openly:  Behold  the  heire  of  the  realme  is  robbed  of  his  righte, 
and  yet  the  robber,  with  his  owne,  vvyl  not  redeme  hym.  So  in  this  fury  the  Percies  depart- 
ed, nothyng  more  mindyng  then  to  depose  kyng  Henry  from  the  high  tipe  of  his  regalitie, 
and  to  deliuer  and  set  in  his  trone  their  cosyn  frende  &  confederate  Edmonde  Earle  of 
Marche,  whome  they  not  onely  deliuered  oute  of  the  captiuitie  of  Owen  Glendor,  but  also 
entered  into  a  leage  and  amitie  with  the  said  Owen  against  king  Henry  and  all  his  frendes 
and  fautours,  to  the  great  displeasure  and  long  vnquieting  of  kyng  Henry  and  his  partakers. 
Here  I  passe  ouer  to  declare  howe  a  certayne  writer  writeth  that  this  earle  of  Marche,  the 
Lorde  Percy  and  Owen  Glendor  wer  vnwisely  made  belieue  by  a  Welch  Prophecier,  that 
king  Henry  was  the  Moldwarpe,  cursed  of  Goddes  owne  mouth,  and  that  they  thre  were  the 
Dragon,  the  Lion  and  the  WolfFe,  whiche  shoulde  deuide  this  realme  bebvene  them,  by 
•/  the  deuiacion  and  not  deuinatio  of  that  mawmet  Merlin.  ^ I  wyll  not  reberse  bowe  they  by 
their  deputies  injhehowse  of  the  Archdeacon  of  Bangor,  seduced  witii  that  falce.faiucd 
Proph£aie-.xkjLikled  the  realme  amongest  thef  nojQ^~wTtteriioWB  by  U.  ffipartie  encteoture 
sealed  with  their  scales.,  all  from  Seuerne  and  Trent  South  and  Eastward,  was 
^assigne'd  to  the^ejJe^pJt^J^rj^^JliuEjiow  all  WaleV^i^QKeTanc[e£|bey^Kr^Tie*rne  "West- 
ward, were  appoincted  to  Owen  Glendor,  ancTairthe  remnaunt  from  Trente'Nortlnvardo 
to"tl!i£JUl!tltLil<j|f6itr.'  /But  j  wilr JecTare"  to  you  that^whTcne'  waS*B8n5?8pBe3led,  that  is  the 
confusion  destruccion  and  perdicion  of  these  persones,  not  onely  geuyng  credite  to  suche  a 
vain  fable,  but  also  settyng  it  forwarde  and  hopyng  to  attaine  to  the  effecte  of  the  same 
whiche  was  especiall  of  the  lorde  Percie  and  Owen  Glendor.  For  the  erle  of  Marche  was 
euver  kepte  in  the  courte  vnder  suche  a  keper  that  he  could  nether  doo  or  attempte  any 
thyng  againste  the  kyng  without  his  knowledge,  and  died  without  issue,  leuyng  his  righte 
title  and  interest  to  Anne  his  sister  and  heire,  maried  to  Rycharde  erle  of  Cambrige 
father  to  the  duke  of  Yorke,  whose  ofspryng  in  continuaunce  of  tyme,  obteigned  the 
game  and  gat  the  garland.  O  ye  waueryng  Welshmen,  call  you  these  prophesies?  nay  call 
theim  vnprofitable  practises.  Name  you  them  diuinacions?  nay  name  them  diabolicall 
deuises,  say  you  they  be  prognosticacions?  nay  they  be  pestiferous  publishinges.  For  by 
declaryng  &  credite  geuing  to  their  subtil  &  obscure  meanynges,  princes  haue  been  deceiued, 
many  a  noble  nianne  hath  suffred,  and  many  an  honest  man  hath  been  begyled  &  des- 

KYNG  Henry  knowyng  of  this  newe  confederacy,  and  nothyng  lesse  myndyng  then  that 
happened  after,  gathered  agreatearmye  too  goo  agayne  into  Wales:  whereof  the  Erie 
of  Northumberlande  and  his  sonne  wer  aduertised,  by  lorde  Thomas  erle  of  Wocester,  and 
with  all  diligence  raysed  all  the  power  that  they  could  make  and  sent  to  the  Scottes  whiche 
before  wer  taken  prisoners  at  Hamaldon  for  aide"  and  men,  promisyng  the  erle  Douglas  the 
tonne  of  Barwicke  and  a  parte  of  Northumberlande:  and  to  other  Scotishe  lordes  greate 
lordshippes  and  segniories,  if  they  obteigned  the  vpper  hande  and  superioritee.  The  Scot- 
tes allured  with  desire  of  gain,  and  for  no  malice  that  they  bare  to  kyng  Henry,  but  some-- 
what  desirous  to  be  reuenged  of  their  olde  greues,  came  to  the  erle  with  greate  compaignie, 
and  to  make  their  cause  seme  good  and  iuste,  they  deuised  certain  articles  by  the  aduise  of 
Richard  Scrope  Archebishop  of  Yorke,  brother  to  the  lorde  Scrope,  whom  kyng  Henrv 
caused  to  bee  beheded  at  Bristow  as  you  haue  heard  before.  Whiche  articles  thei  shewed 
to  diuerse  noble  men  and  prelates  of  the  realme,  whiche  fauouryng  and  concentyng  to  their 
purpose,  not  onely  promised  them  aide  and  succor  by  wordes,  but  by  their  writyng  and 
scales  confirmed  the  same.  Howbeit,  whether  it  wer  for  feare,  ether  for  that  thei  would  be 
lokers  on  and  no  dede  doers,  nether  promise  by  worde  or  by  writyng  was  performed;  For  all 
y  confederates  them,  abadoned,  &  at  the  daie  of  the  conflict  left  alone  the  erle  of  Stafford 



only  excepte,  which  beyng  of  a  haute  corage  and  hye  storaacke,  kept  his  promise  &  Joined 
with  the  Fercies  to  his  destructi5. 

THE  lorde  Percy  with  therle  Douglas  and  other  erles  of  Scotlad  with  a  greate  armie,  de- 
parted out  of  the  Northparties,  leuyng  his  father  sicke  (whiche  promised  vpon  his  amend- 
ment &  recouery  without  delay  to  folowe)  and  catue  to  Stafford  where  his  vncle  therle  of 
Worcester  and  he  met,  and  there  began  to  consult  vpon  their  great  affaires  and  high  at- 
tempted enterprice,  there  they  exhorted  their  souldiers  and  compaignions  to  refuse  no  pain 
for  the  auauncemente  of  the  common  wealth,  nor  to  spare  no  trauell  for  the  libertie  of  their 
countree :  protestyng  openly  that  they  made  warre  onely  (to  restore  the  noble  realme  of 
^England  to  his  accustomed  glory  and  fredo,  which  was  gouerned  by  a  tirant  and  not  by  his  / 
law-full  and  right  kyng.  The  capitaines  s\vare  and  the  souldiers  promised  to  fight,  ye  &  to* 
dye  for  the  libertie  of  their  countree.  When  all  thynges  was  prepared,  they  set  forwarde  to- 
warde  Wales,  lokyng  euery  houre  for  new  aide  and  succors,  noysyng  abrode  that  they  came 
to  aide  the  kyng  against  Owen  Glendor.  The  kyng  heryng  of  the  erles  approachyng, 
thought  it  policie  to  encounter  with  the  before  that  the  Welshme  should  ioyne  with  their 
armie,  and  so  include  hym  on  both  partes,  and  therefore  returned  sodainly  to  the  toune  of 
Shrewesbury.  He  was  skantely  entered  into  the  toune,  but  he  was  by  his  postes  aduertised 
that  the  erles  with  baners  displaied  and  battailes  ranged,  wer  comyng  towarde  hym,  and 
were  so  hole  and  so  coragious,  that  they  with  light  horses  began  to  skirmishe  with  his  hoste. 
The  kyng'perceiuyng  their  dooynges,  issued  out  and  encamped  hymself  without  the  Estgate 
of  the  toune.  Therles  nothing  abashed  although  their  succors  theim  deceiued,  embattailed 
themselfes  not  farr  from  the  kynges  armie.  And  the  same  night  thei  set  the  articles  whereof 
I  spake  before,  by  Thomas  Kaiton  and  Thomas  Saluaine  esquiers  to  kyng  Henry,  signed 
with  their  handes  and  sealed  with  their  scales,  whiche  articles  (because  no  Chronicler  saue 
one,  maketh  rnecion  what  was  the  very  cause  and  occasion  of  this  great  bloudy  battaile, 
in  the  whiche  on  bothe  partes  wer  aboue  fourty  thousande  men  assembled)  I  \vorde  for 
wordeaccorolinff  to  my  copie  do  here  rchcrce. 

WE  Henry!  Percy  erle  of  Northumberland,  high  Constable  of  England,  and  Warden  of 
the  West  Marches  of  England  toward  Scotlande,  Henry  Percy  our  eldest  sonne  Wardein  of 
the  Easte  Marches  of  Englandc  toward  Scotlande,  and  Thomas  Percy  erle  of*  Worcester 
beyng  proctours  and  protectours  of  the  comon  wealth,  before  our  Lorde  Jesu  Christe  our 
supreme  iudge  doo  allege,  saie  and  entende  to  prone  with  our  handes  personally  this 
instante  daie,  against  the  Henry  duke  of  Lancastre,  thy  complices  and  fauorers,  vniustly 
presuming  and  named  kyng  of  Englande  without  title  of  right,  but  onely  ofthy  guyle  and 
by  force  of  thy  fautors :  that  when  thoufjifter  thyne  exile  diddest  entre  Engfaude,  thou< 
madest  an_olhe_to_  vs  vpon  the  holy  Gospelles  bodely  touched  and  kissed  by  thee  at  Dan- 
castre  that  thou  wouldest  neuer  claime  the  croune,  kyngdom  or  state  royall  but  onlv  thyne 
owne  propre  inheritance,  and  the  inheritance  of  thy  wife  in  EnglandeJ  and  that  Richard  our 
soueraigne  lord  the  kyng  and  thyne,  should  raigne  during  the  terme  of  his  life,  gouerned  by 
the  good  counsail  of  the  lordes  spirituall  and  temporal!.  Thou  hast  imprisoned  the  same  thy 
soueraigne  lorde  and  our  kyng  within  the  toure  of  London,  vntil  he  had  for  feare  of  death, 
resigned  his  kyngdomes  of  Englande  and  France,  and  had  renounced  all  his  right  in  the 
forsaid  kyngdomes,  and  others  his  dominions  and  landes  of  beyonde  the  sea.  Vnder  coulor 
of  whiche  resignacion  and  renunciacion  by  the  counsaile  ofthy  frendes  and  complices,  and 
by  the  open  noysyng  of  the  rascall  people  by  thee  and  thy  adherentes  assembled  at  West- 
minster, thou  hast  crouned  thy  self  kyng  of  the  realmes  aforsaid,  and  hast  seazed  and  enter- 
ed into  all  the  castles  and  lordshippes  perteignyng  to  the  kynges  croune,  contrary  to  thyne 
othe.  Wherfore  thou  art  forsworne  and  false. 

ALSO  we  do  alledge,  saie  and  entend  to  proue,  that  wher  thou  sworest  vpo  the  same 
Gospelles  in  the  same  place  and  tyme  to  vs,  that  thou  wouldest  not  suffre  any  dismes  to  be 
leuied  of  the  Clergie,  nor  fiftenes  on  the  people,  nor  any  other  tallagies  and  taxes  to  be 
leuied  in  the  realme  of  Englande  to  the  behoffe  of  the  realme  duryng  thy  life,  but  by  the 



consideration  of^the  thre  estates  of  (.119  realme,  except  for  great  nede  in  causes  of  impor- 
tance or  for  the  resistance  oc  our  enemies,  onely  and  none  otherwise.  Thou  contrary  to 
thyne  othe  so  made,  hast  done  to  bee  leuied  right  many  dismes  and  fif'tenes.  and  other  im- 
posicios  and  tallagies,  aswel  of  the  Clergie  as  of  the  comonaltee  of  the  real  ne  of  Engiande, 
&  of  the  Marchauntes,  for  feare  of  thy  magestie  royall.  Wherfore  thou  art  periured  and 

"^ALSO  we  do  allege,  saie  &  entede  to  proue,  that  were  thou  sworest  to  vs  vpon  the  same 
Gospelles  in  theforsaied  place  and  tyme,  that  our  soueraignelorde  and  thyne,  kyng  Richarde, 
should  reigne  duryng  the  terme  of  his  life  in  his  royall  prerogatiue  and  dignitee  :  thou  hast 
caused  the  same  our  soueraigne  lorde  and  thine,  traitorously  within  the  castell  of  Poumfret, 
without  the  cosent  or  lodgement  of  the  lordes  of  the  realme,  by  the  space  of  fiftene  daies  and- 
so  many  r.ightes  (whiche  is  horible  etnong  Christian  people  to  be  heard)  with  honger,  thirst 
and  colde  to  perishe,  to  be  murdered.  Wherefore  thou  art  periured  and  false. 

ALSO  we  do  alledge,  saie  &  entend  to  proue,  that  thou  at  that  tyme  when  our  soue- 
raigne lorde  and  thyne,  kyng  Richarde,  was  so  by  that  horrible  murder  ded  as  aboue  saied, 
thou  by  extorte  power,  diddest  vsurpe  and  take  the  kyngdome  of  Engiande,  and  the  name 
and  the  honor  of  the  kyngdome  of  Fraunce,  'vniustly  and  wrongfully,  contrary  to  thyne 
othe,  from  Edmonde  Mortimer  Earle  of  Marche  and  of  Ulster,  then  next  and  direct  heire 
of  England  and  of  Fraunce  iniediatly  by  due  course  of  inheritaunce  after  the  deceasse  of 
of  theforsaied  Richard.  Wherfore  thou  art  periured  and  false. 

ALSO  we  do  alledge,  saie  &  entend  to  proue  as  aforsaid,  that  where  thou  madest  an  othe 
in  the  same  place  and  tyme,  to  supporte  and  maintein  the  lawes  and  good  customes  of  the 
vealme  of  Engiande,  and  also  afterward  at  the  tyme  of  thy  coronacion  thou  madest  an  othe, 
thesaied  lawes  and  good  customes  to  kepe  and  conserue  inuiolate.  Thou  fraudulently  and 
contrary  to  the  lawe  of  Engiande  and  thy  fautors,  haue  written  almoste  through  euery  shire 
in  England  to  chose  such  knightes  for  to  hold  a  parliament  as  shalbe  for  thy  pleasure  and 
purpese,  so  that  in  thy  parliamentes  no  Justice  should  be  ministered  against  thy  mynde  ir» 
these  our  complaintes  now  moued  and  shewed  by  vs,  vvherby  at  any  tyme  we  might  haue 
any  perfight  redresse,  notwithstanding  that  wee  according  to  our  conscience  (as  we  truste 
ruled  by  God)  haue  often  tymes  therof  complained,  as  well  can  testifie  and  bere  witnes  the 
right  reuerend  fathers  in  God  Thomas  Arundell  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  and  Richarde 
Scrope,  archebishop  of  Yorke.  Wherfore  nowe  by  force  and  strength  of  hande  before  our 
Lorde  Jesu  Christ  we  must  aske  our  remedy  and  helpe. 

-A ALSO  we  do  alledge,  saie  and  intende  to  proue,  that  where  Edmod  Mortimer  erle  of 
Marche  and  Ulster,  was  taken  prisoner  by  Owen  Glendor  in  a  pitched  and  foughten  feld, 
and  cast  into  prisone  and  lade  with  yron  fetters,  for  thy  matter  and  cause,  whom  falsely  thou 
hast  proclaymed  willyngly  to  yelde  hymself  prisoner  to  thesaied  Owen  Glendor,  and  nether 
wouldest  dcliuer  hym  thy  self,  nor  yet  suffre  vs  his  kinsmen  to  raunsome  and  deliuer  hym: 
Yet  notwithstanding,  we  haue  not  onely  concluded  and  agreed  with  thesame  Owen  for  his 
raunsome  atourpropre  charges  and  expences,  but  also  for  a  peace  betwene  thee  and  the 
said  Owen.  iWhy  hast  thou  then  not  onely  published  and  declared  vs  as  traytors,  but  also 
craftely  and  deceitfully  imagened,  purposed  and  conspired  the  vtter  destruction  and  confu- 
sion of  our  persones.  For  the  whiche  cause  we  defy  thee,  thyj^iutoures  and  complices  as  co- 
men  traytoures  and  destroyers  of  the  realme,  and  the  inuadours,  oppressoures  and  confound- 
crs  of  theverie  true  and  righte  heires  to  the  croune  of  Engiande,  whiche  thyng  we  entend 
with  our  hades  to  proue  this  daie,  almightie  God  helpyng  vs. 

WHEN  kyng  Henry  had  ouerseen  jheir_aEtide*4uid  defiance*,  he  answered  the  esquiers 
that  he  was  redy  with  dent  of  swerde  and  fierce  battaill  to  proue  their  quarell  false'Jmd 
fayned,  and  not  with  writyng  nor  slanderous  wordes,  and  so  in  his  righteous  cause  anertust 
quarell  he  doubted  not  but  God  would  bothe  aide  and  assiste  hym,  against  vntrue  persones 
and  false  forsworne  traytours:  with  whiche  answere  the  messengers  departed.  The  next 
daie  ,in  ihe  mornyng  early,  whiche  was  the  vigile  of  Mary  Magdalene,  the  kyng  perceiuyng 



magfle  battaill  was  nerer  than  he  ether  thoughte  or  loked  for,  leste  that  long  tariyng  might 
imagninishyng  of  his  strength,  set  his  battailles  in  good  ordre  :  likewise  did  his  enemies, 
conne  bothe  in  puissance  and  courage  were  nothyng  to  hym  inferiour.  Then  sodainly  the 
-_  hisjpettes  blew,  the  kynges  parte  cried  sainct  George  vpon  them:  The  aduersaries  cried 
-llsperaunce  Percie,  and  so  furiously  the  armies  ioyned.  The  Scottes  whiche  had  the  for- 
ward on  the  lordes  side,  entendyng  to  bee  reuenged  of  their  old  displeasures  done  to  them 
by  the  Englishe  nacion,  set  so  h'ersely  on  the  kynges  forward,  that  they  made  them  drawe 
backe,  and  had  almost  broken  their  arraie.  The  Welshemen  also  vvhiche  sithe  the  kynges 
departure  out  of  Wales,  had  lurked  and  lien  in  woodes  mountaignes  and  marishes,  heryng 
of  this  battaill  towarde,  came  to  the  aide  of  the  erles,  and  refreshed  the  wery  people  with 
new  succurs.  When  a  fearful  messenger  had  declared  to  the  kyng,  that  his  people  were 
beaten  doune  on  euery  side,  it  was  no  nede  to  bid  hym  stirre,  for  sodainly  he  approched 
with  his  freshe  battaill,  and  comforted,  hertened  and  encouraged  his  part  so,  that  they 
toke  their  hertes  to  theini,  and  manly  fought  with  their  enemies.  The  prince  Henry  that 
daie  holpe  muche  his  father,  for  although  he  wer  sore  wouded  in  the  face  with  an  arow, 
yet  he  neuer  ceased  ether  to  fight  where  the  battail  was  moste  strongest,  or  to  courage  bis'—  , 
men  where  their  hertes  was  moste  danted.  This  greate  battail  cotinued  thre  Ip»g4ioures 
with  indifferet  fortune  on  bothe  partes.  That  at  the  last  the  kyng  criyng  sainct  George, 
victory,~brake  the  arraie  and  entered  into  the  battaill  of  his  enemies  and  fought  fiersely,  and 
auentered  so  far  into  the  battaill,  that  the  erle  Douglas  strake  hym  doune  and  slewe  si? 
Water  Blonte,  and  three  other  appareled  in  the  kynges  suite  and  clathyng  saiyng:  I  mar- 
uaill  to  see  so  many  kynges  so  sodainly  arise  again,  the  kyng  wa&  reised  and  did  that  daie 
many  a  noble  feate  of  armes.  For  as  the  Scottes  write  and  Frenche  men  affirme,  all 
though  that  Englishemen  kepe  silence,  that  he  hymself  slewe  with  his  handes  that  daie 
xxxvj.  persones  of  his  enemies,  the  qther  of  his  parte  encoraged  by  his  doynges,  fought 
valiantly  and  slew  the  lorde  Percie  called  sir  Henry  hotspurre,  the  best  capitain  on  the- 
parte  aduerse.  When  his  death  was  knowen,  the  Scottes  fled,  the  Welshemen  ran,  the 
traitors  wer  ouercome,  then  nether  wooddes  letted,  nor  hilles  stopped  the  fearfull  hertes  of 
theim  that  were  vanquished  to  flie,  and  in  that  flighte  therle  Douglas,  whiche  for  hast  fall- 
yng  from  the  cragge  of  amountagnie  brake  one  of  his  genitals  and  was  taken,  and  for  his 
valiantnes  of  the  kyng  frely  &  frankely  delhier-ed.  There  was  taken  also  sir  Thomas  Percie 
erle  of  Worcester  &  diuerse  other,  oa  the  kyages  parte  wer  slain  sir  Walter  Blount  and.  xvi. 
C.  other  persones,  but  on  the  parte  of  the  rebelles  were  slain  the  erle  of  Stafford,  Che  lorde 
Percie  and  aboue  fi.ue  thousand  other,  and  as  for  the  Scottes  few  or  none  escaped  aline. 
AIlTJlltabi^glariou3.yie^^^  kyng_  obte.igoed,  ...  Knde.rjjdJta.almigluje^  God  his* 

and  hertie^-tliaftkesr-wuicaused  tfieiie-flf  .Worcester  the  innrg  wa  g\ffer_Mfl  ry 

ieine.  at  Shreweflbory-to-be-draweifttaBgeil  aj^t^uartgred,  anijjiisjied  to  be  se  n  t_to_  Lo  ndon, 
at  whicbe.,place  oiany  joao  cajjitaines  fiSL-fiiiSiSdD  After  this  greate  battaill,  he  like  a 
triumphante  conqueror  returned  with  greate  pompe  to  London,  where  he  was  by  the  se- 
nate and  magestrates  solemply  receiued,  not  a  little  reioysyng  of  his  good  fortune  and  for- 
tunate victorye.  But  before  his  departure  from  Shrewesbury,  he  not  forgettyng  his  enter- 
prise against  Owen  Glendor,  sent  into  Wales  with  a  great  army  prince  Henry  his  eldest 
sonne  against  thesaid  Owen  and  his  seclicious  fautors,  whiche  beyng  dismaied  and  in  maner 
desperate  of  all  comfort  by  the  reason  of  the  kynges  late  victory,  fled  in  desert  places  and  so- 
litary caues,  where  he  receiued  afinall  reward  mete  and  prepared  by  Goddes  prouidence  for- 
suche  a  rebell  and  sedicious  seducer.  'For  beyng  destitute  of  all  cornforte,  clreadyng  to 
shewe  his  face  to  any  creature,  lackyng  meate  to  sustain  nature,  for  pure  hunger  and  lacke 
of  fode  miserably  ended  his  wretched  life.'  This  ende  was  prouided  for  suche  as  gaue  cre- 
dence to  false  prophesies.  This  ende  had  they  that  by  diabolical  deuinacions  were  promised' 
great  possessions  and  seigniories.  This  ende  bappeneth  to  suche  as  beleuyng  such  fantasticall 
iblies,  aspire  and  gape  for  honor  and  high  promocions.  WThen  the  prince  with  litle  labor 
and  lesse  losse,  bad  tamed  &  bridtled  the  furious  rage  of  the  wild  and  sauage  Welshemen,,  • 


32  THE.  IIIJ.  YERE  OF 

atid  lefte  gouernors  to  rule  and  gouerne  the  countree,  he  returned  to 

honor  &  no  small  praise.     The  erle  of  Northumberland  heryng  of  the 

brothf-r  andsonne,  came  of  his  owne  free  will  to  the  kyng,  excusyng  hym.. 

party  nor  knowyng  of  their  doyng  nor  enterprice :  the  kyng  nether  accused  h» 

excused,  butdissimuled  the  matter  for.  ii.  causes,  one  was  he  had  Berwicke  in  his  possession, 

which   the  kyng  rather  desired  to  haue  by  polici  then  by  force:  the  other  was  that  therle 

had  his  castellesof  Alnewicke,  Warkeworth  and  other  fortified  with  Scottes,  so  that  if  therle 

wer  appreheded,  all  Northumberland  wer  in  ieopardy  to  become  Scottish.     For  jjiese  causes 

t  kyng  gaue  hymjaire  worries  &  let  hym  fflenart  homq.  whe^  he  yontinaed  inpeace  a  .while. 

T>ut  after  he  r^be}ied-aaj»a*i^iiMU^«<NMi»p^»4bajeflael£^f Lthis  story.  \' 


The.  iiii.  This  yere  \Valeram  erle  of  sent  Pole,  considryng  that  he  had  defied  kyng  Henry,  and 
yere-  also  that  he  had  made  diuerse  voyages,  and  done  litle  damage  to  the  English  nacion,  and 
susteigned  rnuche  losse,  continuyng  in  his  olde  malice  against  the  kyng  of  England,  by  the 
assent  of  the  Frenche  kyng  assembled  a  great  numbre  of  men  of  warre,  as.  v.  C.  men  of 
armes.  v.  C.  Genewaies  with  Crosebowes,  and  a.  M.  Flemynges  on  fote,  and  laied  siege  to 
the  Castell  of  Marke  thre  leages  fro  Caleis,  within  the  territory  of  the  kyng  of  Englande, 
the.  xvi.  daie  of  July,  wherof  was  capitain  Philip  Halle  esquier,  with.  Ixxx.  archers  and. 
xxiiii.  other  souldiers.  Therle  raised  against  the  Castle  diuerse  engines  but  they  preuailed 
not,  for  they  within  shot  so  fersly,  and  cast  out  stones  so  incessantly,  and  toke  suche  pain'e 
that  to  the  hearers  it  is  almoste  incredible.  The  erle  perceiuing  that  his  feate  had  suche 
successe  as  he  loked  for,  retired  with  his  men  lodged  in  the  toune,  fortifiyng  thesame  for 
fere  of  rescous  that  might  issue  from  Caleis,  the  next  day  he  gaue  a  sore  assaute  again,  and 
with  great  force  entered  the  vtter  court  of  the  castle,  and  toke  therein  a  great  number  of 
hsrse  kyen  and  catell,  at  the  whiche  assaut  sir  Roberte  Barenguile  cosin  to  therle  was 
slain.  The  same  daie  a.  C.  Archers  on  horseback  comyng  out  of  Caleis,  sawe  and  percci- 
ued  the  dooynges  &  demeanure  of  therle  and  his  compaignie,  and  toward  night  theysentan 
Heraulte  certefiyng  him  that  they  would  dine  with  him  the  next  daie :  to  whom  he  proudly 
answered,  that  he  would  gladly  receiue  them,  and  their  dinnar  should  at  their  comyng  be 
ready  prepared.  The  nexte  daie  ensuyng  issued  out  of  Caleis.  CC.  rnen  of  armes.  CC.  ar- 
chers. CCC.  me  on  fote  with.  x.  or.  xii.  CharioUes  laden  with  vitail  and  artillery,  conducted 
by  sir  Richard  Astone  knight,  leuetenant  of  the  Englishe  pale  for  the  erle  of  Somerset  ca- 
pitain generall  of  those  marches:  whiche  in  good  ordre  of  battaill  marched  toward  their 
enemies,  which  before  by  their  espials  wer  aduertised  of  their  comyng,  but  that  notwith- 
standyng  they  issued  not  out  of  their  lodginges  to  encounter  with  them,  but  kept  them  self 
within  their  closure.  f^The  Englishmen  shot  so  sharply  and  so  closly  together,  that  the  Fle- 
mynges  and  fotemen  oegan  to  flie,  the  men  of  arrnes  feryng  the  slaughter  of  their  horses 
ran  awaie  with  a  light  gallop  the  Genowais  whiche  had  spent  the  most  part  of  their  shot  at 
thassaut  made  litle  defence  and  small  resistence  and  so  all  were  slain  and  put  to  flight.  The 
hasty  &  rashe  erle  of  sent  Paul  &  diuerse  other  without  any  stroke  geuen  to  their  enemies  fled 
to  sent  Omers,  and  there  wer  taken  of  the  best  of  the  armie,  as  the  Frenche  and  Duche 
Chronicle  reporteth  thre  or  foure  score  persones,  emongest  whom  the  capitain  of  Bullayne 
was  one,  and  many  lordes  and  knightes  slain.  \  After  that  the  Englishmen  had  taken  all  the 
cartes  munitions  &  vitailes  that  their  enemies  had  brought  thither,  they  returned  to  Caleis  in 
great  triumphe,  and  within  fiue  daies  after  there  issued  out  of  the  Englishe  pale,  about  the 
numbre  of.  v.  C.  men  towarde  Arde  by  night  tyme,  thynkyng  to  haue  found  the  toune  vn- 
prouided,  but  sir  Mansard  de  Boys  and  the  lord  Kygnie  defended  it  and  let  the  Englishe- 
men  of  their  purpose,  and  so  with  losse  of  fourty  men  they  returned  to  Caleis :  whiche 
dedde  persones  wer  brent  in  an  old  hous,  because  their  enimies  should  be  ignorate  of  the  da- 



mage  that  the  Englishemen  had  by  them  sustained.  Therle  of  sent  Paule  beyng  at  Terwin, 
imaginyng  how  to  recouer  somewhat  of  his  losse  but  more  of  his  honor,  sente  for  a  greate 
compaignie  of  noble  men  and  valiant  personages,  and  cocluded  to  inuade  the  Marches  of 
his  enemies.  But  the  Frenche  kyng  consideryng  the  erles  euil  fortune  and  vnfoi  tunate 
chance,  comauded  hym  to  leue  of  his  enterprise,  with  whiche  he  was  sore  displeased.  Yet 
to  auoyd  perelles,  the  Frenche  kyng  laid  in  garrison  at  Bullein  and  other  places,  the  Mar- 
ques of  Pownt  sonne  to  the  duke  of  Barr,  and  therle  of  Dampnay,  and  sir  Ihon  IJarpadane 
a  knight  of  greate  renoune  and  high  estimacion.  The  kyng  of  England  circuspectly  for- 
seyng  thynges  to  come,  and  imagenyng  that  the  Frenchemen  attempted  some  newe  enter- 
price,  against  hym  or  his  dominions  beyonde  the  sea,  sent.  iiii.  M.  men  to  Caleis  and  to 
the  sea,  whereof,  iii.  M.  landed  at  Sluce,  whiche  besieged  a  castle  standyng  at  the  mouthe 
of  the  hauen,  and  made  diuerse  assautes  and  lost  diuerse  of  their  compaignie,  but  newes 
were  brought  to  theirn,  that  the  duke  of  Burgoyne  had  required  licence  of  the  Frenche  kyng 
to  besiege  the  toune  of  Caleis,  for  whiche  cause  thei  raised  their  siege,  and  returned  to  the 
defence  of  that  fortresse  and  desired  praie  of  the  Frenche  nacion. 


ABOUTE  this  season  Loys  Duke  of  Orliaunce  brother  to  the  Frenche  Kyng,  a  man  of   The.  v. 
no  lesse  pryde  then  haute  courage,  wrote  letters  to  Kyng  Henry  aduertisyng  hym,  that  he      >er 
for  the  perfighte  loue  whiche  he  bare  to  the  noble  feates  of  chiualrie  and  rnarciall  actes,  in 
auoidyng  the  slowe  worme  and  deadely  Dormouse  called  Idlenes,  the  ruiue  of  realmes  and 
confounder  of  nobilitie,  and  for  the  obteignyng  of  laude  and  renoune  by  deades  of  armes 
and  manly  enterprises,   coulde  imagine  or  inuent  nothyng  either  more  honorable  or  laudable 
to  them  both,  then  to  mete  in  the  feld  eche  parte  with  an  hundred  Knightes  and  Ksquiers, 
all  beyng  Gentlemen  bothe  of  name  and    armes  armed  at  all   pointes  and  furnished  with 
speares,  axes,  swerdes  and  daggers,  and  there  to  fighte  and  combate  to  the  yeldyng,  and 
euery  person  to  whom  God  shal  send  victory  to  hnue  his  prisoner,  and  him  to  raunsome  at 
his  pleasure,  offeryng  hyin  sclfe  with  his  company  to  come  to  his  citie  of  Angulesme,  so  that 
the  kyng  of  England  wolde  come  to  the  laundes  of  Burdeaux  and  there  defend  this  cha- 
lenge.    .The L  kyng  of  England  whiche  was  as  graue  and  wittie  as  the  duke  was  light  and  cou- 
ragious,  wrote  to  hym  againe  that  he  net  a  litell  mused  hut  muche  more  rneruailed  that  the 
duke  beyng  sworne  as  well  to  him  as  to  kyng  Richard  to  mainteyne  the  peace  betweene  his 
brother  the   Frenche  kyng  and  theym  concluded,  and  to  that  had  set  his  signe  and  great 
scale,  wolrie  nowe  for  vainglory  vnder  colour  of  doyng  dedes  of  Armes  not  onely  violate  the 
peace  and  breake  the  amitie  betwene  them  before  concluded,  but  also  gene  an  occasion  of 
displeasure  and  ingratitude,  by  the  whiche  in  conclusion  might  rise  mortall  war  and  deadely 
enernitie,  affirmyng  farther  that  no  kyng  anointed  of  very  dutie  was  ether  bound  or  obliged 
to  answere  any  chalenge  but  to  his  pere  of  egall  estate  and  equiuolent  dignitie,  and  that~no 
Christian  prince  ether  ought  or  shoulde  consent  to  warre  or  effusion  of  christen  bind  but  ( 
onely  for  the  defence  of  his  realme,  or  for  conquest  of  his  right,  or  for  amplifiyng  of  Christes 
faithe  and  chrhtian  religion,  and  not  for  pride,  worldly  fame  and  vainglory,  declaryng  also   '• 
that  when  opportunity  of  time  and  conuenient  leisure  serueo\_jie  would  transfret  and  passe 
the  sea  himselfe  with  suche  company  as  he  thought  most  conuenient  into  his  countrey  of 
Gascoigne,  at  whiche  time  the  Dukemyght  set  forward  with  his  band  for  the  attainyng  of 
Honour  nnd  accomplishing  of  his  couragious  desire  and  haute  enterprise,   promising  in  the 
worde  of  a  prince  not  thence  to  depart  till  the  duke  either  by  fulfillyng  his  owne  desire,  or  , 
by  singuler  combate  betwene  them  two,  onely  for  auoidyng  the  effusion  of  Christen  bloud, 
shoulde  thinke  himself  satisfied  and  fully  answered.   [Howbeit,  at  that  time  he  beyng  enbu- 
sied  with  weightie  affaires  &  vrgent  causes  concernyng  the  publike  welthof  his  realme  could 
neither  apoint  time  nor  place,  protestyug  that  the,  deferryng  of  time  was  nether  for  disdaine 

F  nor 

34  THE.  VI.'  YF.RE  OF 

.  nor  yet  for  cowardnes,  hut  only  to  abate  the  pride  of  him  whiche  knowyng  not  himself,  nor 
fering  reproche,  regarded  not  his  othe  writyrig  nor  scale.  To  this  answere  the  duke  of  Or- 
leaunce replied  and  kyng  Henry  reioyned,  which  doynges  what  for  the  vnprincely  launtes 
and  vncharitablc  checkes  in  them  coteigned,  and  what  for  rehersyng  againe  thinges  to  you 
-here  before  declared  I  omitte  and  put  in  obliuion.  The  duke  of  Orleaunce  not  content 
with  the  king  of  England,  assembled  an  armie  of.  vi.  M.  men  and  entered  into  Guien  and 
besieged  the  town  of  Vergy,  wherof  was  Capitaine  sir  Robart  Antelfelde  a  valiant  knight 
and  an  hardy  captain,  hauyng  with  him  onely  thre  hundred  Englishmen.  The  duke  almostc 
euery  day  assaulted  the  towne  fiersely,  but  th«y  within  the  towne  couragiously  defended  the 
same  :  In  so  much  that  when  he  had  lien  there  thre  monethes  &  had  lost  many  of  his  men 
and  nothyng  gotten,  without  honour  or  spoile  returned  into  Fraunce.  After  this  the  Ad- 
miral of  Britayne  whiche  beyng  highly  elated  and'muche  encouraged  because  the  laste  yere 
he  had  taken  certaine  Englishe  shippes  laden  with  wine  accompanied  with  the  Lord  CastyH 
a  valiant  baron  of  Britaine,  and  xii.  C.  men  of  armes,  &  xxx.  shippes,  sailed  from  sainct 
Malovyes  and  came  before  the  towne  of  Darthtnouthe  and  woulde  liaue  landed,  but  by  the 
puissaunce  of  the  townsmen  and  aide  of  the  countrey,  they  were  repulsed  and  put  backe  in 
whiche  conflicte  the  Lorde  of  Castell  with  his  two  brethren  with  foure  hundrcdc  other  were 
slain,  and  aboue  two  hundred  prisoners  taken  and  raunsomed,  wherof  the  Lord  of  Baque- 
uile  high  Marshall  of  Britaine  was  one,  whiche  was  brought  to  the  kyns  and  after  redemed. 
The  Admiral  sory  of  this  intbrtunate  enterprise  with  muche  Josse  and  no  gain  returned 
hastely  into  his  countrey.  Kyng  Henry  being  aduertised  of  this  attempt,  sent  the  Lord 
Thomas  his  sonne  whiche  after  was  duke  of  Clarence  to  the  sea  with  a  gret  nauie  of  shippes 
to  the  entent  eyther  with  battaill  or  depopulacion  of  the  sea  coastes  bothe  of  Britaine  and' 
of  Fraunce  to  reuenge  this  iniurie  and  inuasion  he  sailyng  by  the  seacostes  landed  diuers  times 
•and  fiered  shippes  &  brent  townes  and  destroied  people  without  fauoure  or  mercie,  and  when  he 
thoughtehis  quarell  well  reuenged  lie  sailed  toward  England,  and  in  hisretournynghecncountred 
with  two  great  Carickes  of  leane  laden  with  riche  marchandise  and  substantial  stuf  betwene 
whom  was  a  greate  confh'cte  and  a  blouddy  battell,  but  after  long  fightyng,  the  Englishemen 
preuailed  and  brought  bothe  the  Carickes  into  Camber  before  Rye,  where  one  of  them  by  mis- 
auenture  of  fier  perished  to  the  losse  and  no  gaine  of  bothe  the  parties.  About  this  time 
Ilion-  duke  of  Burgoin  whiche  had  long  laboured  and  now  obteined  licence  to  besiege  the 
towne  of  Caleis,  preparyng  enginnes,  ladders,  cartes,  and  all  other  instrumentes  necessary 
and  conuenient  for  so  great  a  feate  and  notorious  siege,  and  assembled  at  S.  Omers  vi.  M. 
men  of  armes,  xv.  C.  Crosbowes,  beside,  xii.  M.  fotemen,  hauyng  vitail  Bumbarde.s  and 
other  municions  of  warre  sufficient  ami  conuenient  for  his  abrode  blowen  enterprise.  But 
when  all  thynges  wer  prepared  and  the  hole  army  assembled  lie  was  by  the  French  kyng  and 
his  councell  (whiche  put  diffidence  in  the  exploite  of  his  glorious  busines)  counterrnaunded 
£  prohibited  farther  to  precede  in  that  weightie  purpose  :  for  the  which  cause  he  conceiued 
so  great  an  hatred  and  deadely  malice  against  the  Duke  of  Orleaunce  (as  the  onely  stop  and 
let  of  his  glory  and  renoume)  that  he  euer  after  not  only  maligned  and  grudged  against  him 
and  his  procedynges,  but  also  (as  you  shall  shortly  heafe)  brought  him  to  death  and  finall 
destruction.  i 


•  I'N  tnis  yere  tfie  Earle  of  Northumberland  whiche  bare  still  a  venemouS  scorpion  in  his 
?<*<>•  cankered  heart,  and  coulde  not  desist  to  inuent  and  deuise  waies  and  meanes  howe  to  be  re- 
uenged of  kyng  Henry  and  his  fautours,  began  secretely  to  communicate  his  interior  imagi- 
nacions  and  priuie  thoughtes  with  Richard  Scrope  Archebishop  of  Yorke  brother  to  Willia. 
lord  Scrop  treasorer  of  England  whom- kyng  Henry  (as  you  haue  hearde)  beheaded  at  the 
iowne  of  Bristow,  and  with  Thomas-  Mowbrey  erle  Marshal  sonne  to  Thomas  duke  of 
Norffolke,  for  kyng  Henries  cause  before  banished  the  realme  of  England,  and  with  the 



lordes,  Hastynges,  FauconbBidge,  Bardolfe  and  cliuerse  other. whiche  he  knewe  to  beare 
deadely  liate  and  inward  grudge  toward  the  kyng.  After  long  consultation  had,  it  was  fil 
nally  concluded  and  determined  amongest  theyiu  that  all  they,  their  frendcs  and  alies  witli 
all  their  power  shoulde  mete  at  Yorkcs  wold  at  a  day  appointed  and  that  therle  of  Northum- 
berlad  should  be  chefetaine  and  supreme  gouernour  of  the  armie,  which  promised  to  bryng 
with  him  a  great  nomber  of  Scottes. 

THIS  sedicious  conspiracy  was  not  so  secretely  kept  nor  so  closely  cloked  but  that  the 
kyng  thereof  had  knowledge,  and  was  fully  aduertised.  Wherefore  to  preuent  the  time  of 
their  assembly,  he  with  suche  power  as  he  could  sodainly  gather  together  with  all  diligece 
marched  toward  the  North  parties  and  vsed  such  a  celeritie  in  his  iourney  that  he  was  thither 
come  with  all  his  hosteand  power  before  the  confederates  hearde  any  inkelyng  of  his  march- 
yng  forward,  and  sodainly  there  wer  apprehended  the  Archebishop,  the  earle  Marshal,  sir- 
Ihon  Lampley,  and  sir  llobart  Plumpton.  These  personnes  wer  arrained,  atteinted  and 
adiudged  to  die,  and  so  on  the  Monday  in  Whitson  weke  all  they  withoute  the  Citie  of 
Yorke  were  beheadded.  Here  of  nccessitie  I  oughte  not  nor  will  not  forgeate  howe  some^f 
folishe  and  fantastical!  personnes  haue  written,  howe  erronius  Ipocrites  and  sedicious  Asses 
haue  endited,  howe  supersticious  Friers  and  malicious  Monkes  haue  declared  and  diuulged 
both  contrary  to  Goddes  doctrine  the  honour  of  their  prince  and  comrnen  knowen  veritie  that  r , 
at  the  howre  of  the  executio  of  this  Bishop  (which  of  the  Executioner  desired  to  haue  fiue  • 
strokes  in  remembraunce  of  the  fiue  woundes  of  Christ)  the  kyng  at  the  same  time  sittyng  at 
diner  had  v.  strokes  in  his  necke  by  a  person  inuisible,  &  was  incontinently  strike  with  a 
leprey,  whiche  is  a  manifest  lye  as  you  shall  after  plainely  perceiue.  What  shall  a  man  say  of 
suche  writers  whiche  toke  upon  them  to  knowe  the  secretes  of  Goddes  Judgement?  what 
shall  men  thinke  of  such  beastly  persons  whiche  regardyng  not  their  bounden  .du.tie,  and 
obeisance  to  their  prince  &  souerain  Lord  enuied  the  punishment  of  trailers  and  torment  of 
offeders  ?  But  what  shall  all  men  coniecture  of  suche  whiche  fauouryng  their  own  worldly 
dignitie,  their  own  priuate  auctoritie,  their  own  peculiar  profit,  wil  thus  iuggle  raile  and 
imagine  fantasies  against  their  soueraigne  lord  and  Prince,  and  put  theim  in  memorye  as  a 
miracle  to  his  dishonor  and  perpetual  infamy:  Wei  let  wise  men  iudge  what  I  haue  said. 
Beside  these  persons,  diuers  other  of  thesaid  conspiracie  and  faccio,  the  lorde  Hastinges,  the 
lord  Fauconbridge,  sir  Ihon  Coluile  of  the  dale,  sir  Ihon.  Griffith  were  beheaded  at  Durham. 
Therle  of  Northumberland  hearyng  his  councelto  be  reueled  and  his  confederates  to  be  put 
to  execution  and  shameful  death,  fled  into  Scotland  to  his  old  frend  George  of  Dunbarre 
earle  of  the  Marche,  which  the  yere  before  was  reuoked  out  of  exile  and  restored  to  his 
possessions  name  and  dignitie,  where  he  taried  till  the  next  Somer  &  then  sailed  into 
France  and  after  into  Flaunders  desyryng  aide  and  assistence  againste  kyng  Henry,  but 
when  he  sawe  littel  hope  of  comfort  and  that  fevve  willyngly  were  ententife  to  his  request, 
he  accompanied  with  the  Lorde  Bardolffe  muchc  dismaied  and  more  desperate  returned 
again  to  his  trew  frendes  into  Scotlande  and  there  made  his  abode  the  hole  yere  abydynf 
the  fauour  of  Fortune  and  chaungc  of  his  vnfortunate  chaunce  duryng  whiche  tyme  the 
kyng  withoute  any  difncultie  toke  into  his  possession  the  towne  of  Barwicke,  the  castelles  of 
Alnewyke  and  all  other  Fortresses  appertainyng  to  the  Earle :  and  liyng  at  Berwycke  he 
caused  to  be  put  to  death  the  Barons  sonne  of  Greystocke,  sir  Henry  Beynton,  and  Ihon 
Blenkensoppe  and  fiue  other  as  fautoures  and  workers  of  this  newe  inuented  conspiracy. 
When  the  kyng  had  thus  appeased  and  asswaged  that  late  begonne  commotion,  he  sent  his 
son  the  prince  of  Wales  accompanied  with  Edward  duke  of  Yorke  and  a  great  puissance, 
to  encounter  with  the  Scottes  which  by  promise  wer  bound  to  ayde  and  assiste  the  confede- 
rates and  rebelles.  But  thei  hearyng  that  the  founders  of  the  warre  were  apprehended  and 
put  to  deathe,  made  no  haste  forward  but  taried  peacibly  at  home.  So  that  the  prince 
entryng  into  Scotland  and  findyng  no  resistence,  brent  tounes  spoyled  villages  and  wasted 
the  countrey  euery  where  as  he  passed,  which  thyng  so  muche,amased  the  kyng  of  Scottes 
and  his  councel,  that  notwithstandyng  that  he  had  gathered  and  appoincted  a  greate  hoste  vn- 

F  2  dcr 

36  THE   VII.  YERE  OF 

der  the  conducte  of  the  Erles  of  Douglas  and  Bowgham  to  resist  the  prince  and  his  inuasions, 
yet  they  sente  Ambassadors  to  hym  requiryng  hym  of  peace  and  finall  concord,  whiche  requeste 
he  vtterly  denaied,  but  at  their  humble  peticion  he  graunted  them  a  truce  for  certaine  monethes, 
of  the  whiche  they  were  botheglad  and  ioyous,  and  so  the  prince  laden  with  pray  and  spoile 
retourned  with  great  gain  to  his  father.  While  the  prince  thus  infected  the  countrey  of  Scot- 
lad  on  the  land,  sir  Robart  Vmfreuile  vice  Admiral!  of  England  vexed  the  coutreys  of  Fyffe 
and  Loghdian  on  the  sea  coast,  for  he  liyng  in  the  Scottishe  sea.  xiiii.  daies  and  etiery  daie 
landed  on  the  one  side  or  the  other  and  toke  praies  spoyles  and  prisoners  matigre  the  gret 
powers  of  the  duke  of  Albanie  and  the  Erie  Douglas,  insomuche  that  he  brent  and  toke  the 
town  of  Peples  on  their  faire  day  and  caused  his  men  to  mete  Clothe  with  their  bowes  :  and 
with  great  gain  retournyng  to  his  shippes  brent  the  Galiet  of  Scotland  with  many  other  ves- 
sels, and  sente  Clothe  vitail  and  diuers  Marchandises  to  euery  towne  in  Northumberland, 
seltyng  thereon  no  great  price:  Wherefore  the  Scottes  called  hyrn  liobyn  niendmarket. 
The  kyng  about  this  time  was  newely  vnquieted  and  perturbed,  for  notwithstandyng  this 
fortunate  successe  that  he  had  obteigned  in  all  his  outward  warres  and  interiour  affayres,  yet 
some  of  his  people  bare  suche  a  cankered  hearte  to  warde  hym  that  to  expell  hym  from  hi» 
rule  and  dignitie  they  left  no  occasion  vnsought  nor  deuise  vnattempted.  For  sodainty 
sprage  out  a  fame  of  an  vncertain  auctour  that  king  Richard  was  yet  liuing  in  Scotland,  to 
whiche  fable  suche  credite  was  geuen  that  if  prudente  policie  had  not  forsene  the  sequele,  it 
had  kendeled  a  greatter  flame  then  within  short  space  might  haue  well  bene  quenched  or 


Th«.vii,  IN  this  sommer,  the  Pestilenciall  plage  so  infected  the  Citie  of  London  and  the  countrei 
ycre.  rofid  about  that  the  king  durst  not  repaire  thither  nor  yet  nere  to  the  confines  of  the  same, 
wherfore  he  departyng  from  the  castel  of  Ledes,  determined  to  take  ship  at  Quinboroughe 
in  the  Isle  of  Shepey,  and  to  sail  ouer  to  Lye  in  Essex  and  so  to  Plasshey,  there  to  passe 
his  time  till  the  plage  were  seased:  and  because  certain  pyrates  of  Fraunce  were  lurkyng  at 
the  Temmes  mouthe  waityng  for  their  pray,  Thomas  Lord  Camois  with  certaine  shippes  of 
warre  was  appointed  to  wafte  ouer  the  king.  When  the  kyng  was  on  the  sea,  in  the  middest 
of  his  iourney,  whether  the  wind  turned,  or  that  the  Lord  Camois  kept  not  a  directe  course^ 
or  that  his  shippe  was  but  a  slugge.  The  Frenchemen  whiche  by  all  similitude  had  knowledge 
of  the  kvngcs  passage  entered  amongest  the  kynges  nauie  and  tokefowre  vcsselles  nexte  to  the 
kynges  shippe  and  in  one  of  the  sir  Thomas  Rampston  knight  the  kiuges  vice  chamberlain 
with  all  his  chamber  sturFeand  apparel,  and  folowed  the  kyng  so  nere  that  if  his  shippe  had. 
nat  bene  swift  he  had  landed  sooner  in  Fn;ce  then  in  Essex,  but  by  Goddes  prouision  and 
fortunate  chauuce  he  escaped  the  daunger  and  arriued  at  his  appointed  porte.  The  kyng 
beyng  sore  moued  with  the  lord  Camois,  caused  him  to  be  attached  and  endited  that  he  con- 
discended  and  agreed  with  the  Frenchemen  that  the  kyng  in  his  iourney  should  be  intercepted 
and  taken.  On  this  poinct  he  was  arraigned  the  last  dajjatVQctober  before  Edmond  erle  of 
Kent  that  day  high  stuard  of  the  realnie,  on  which  day  were  he  giltie  or  giltless,  fautie  or 
clore,  culpable  or  innocent  of  that  fact  and  doyng,  he  was  by  his  peres  found  not  giltie  and 
dismissed  at  the  barre,  hauyng  restitucion  bothe  of  his  landes  goodes  and  offices.  In  this 
yere  kyng  Henry  not  onely  desiryng  newe  affinitie  with  forein  princes  but  also  the  preferment 
of  his  line  and  progeny,  sent  the  Lady  Phylip  his  yonger  doughter  to  Ericke  kyng  of  Den- 
marke,  Norwey  and  Swethen  which  was  conueighed  thither  with  great  pompeand  therewith 
muche  triumphc  maricd  to  the  said  kyng,  where  she  tasted  bothe  welthe,  and  wo,  ioye  & 
pain.  About  this  season  died  sir  Robert  Knolles  knight  a  man  of  great  policie,  wisclome  and 
experience  in  war  which  had  bene  a  Capitayn  from  the  time  of  Kyng  Edward  the.  iii.  till  his 
latter  dayes,  iu  the  whiche  he  beyng  Gouernour  of  Aquitayne  encombred  with  age  resigned 

1  his 


his  office  to  sir  Thomas  Belfford  a  valiaunt  capytaine  and  returned  to   London,  where  he 
disseased  and  was  honorably  buried  in  the  Churche  of  the  White  Fryers. 


YOU  haue  heard  before  how  kyng  Robert  of  Scotlande  being  very  aged  and  impotent,  was  The.  via.. 
notable  to  rule  and  gouerne  his  realme,  and  how  Walter  his  brother,  beyingby  hym  created  dukeyer< 
of  Albanie,  (whiche  was  the  firste  duke  that  euer  was  in  Scotlande)  was  made  gouernor  of 
his  brothers  countree  and  dominion.  After  whiche  office  and  preheminece  by  hym  obteigned, 
he  so  sore  thirsted  after  the  croune  and  scepter  royal  that  he  cared  litle  though  the  kyng  his 
brother  and  his  two  sones  had  been  at  Christes  fote  in  heuen.  And  somwhat  to  further  his 
purpose,  it  vnfortunatly  chaused  that  Dauy  of  Rothesay  prince  of  the  realme  and  eldest  sonne 
to  the  kyng,  was  accused  to  his  father  of  diuerse  heynous  crimes,  and  in  especiall  of  lasciuious 
&  dissolute  liuyng,  as  rauishyng  of  wiues,  deflouryng  of  virgins,  and  defyling  of  maidens, 
•w  her  fore  the  kyng  deliuered  hym  to  his  brother  the  gouernor,  trustyng  that  by  his  good 
coiMsaill  and  discrete  aduertisemente  he  would  not  onely  amend  his  life,  but  also  to  fall 
to  wisedom  prudence  and  grauitie.  Whe  the  duke  had  possessed  part  of  his  desired 
pray,  he  sent  his  nephewe  fro  castle  to  castle,  from  prisone  to  prisone,  from  place  to  place, 
and  in  conclusion  lodged  him  in  a  toure  within  the  castle  of  Franckelande,  where  with  fa- 
inyne  he  caused  miserably  to  ende  his  life,  puttyng  a  poore  woman  to  painfull  death,  whiche 
gaue  to  the  Prince  the  milke  of  her  brestes  by  a  rede  into  the  prisone.  His  death  was  long, 
hidden  from  the  king  his  lather,  but  in  conclusio,  the  gouernor  shewed  to  the  king  how 
diuerse  persones  traiterously  had  murdered  hym  whiche  wer  apprehended  and  iudged  to  die, 
&  yet  in  their  l;ues  they  neuer  knew  nor  yet  saw  hym.  The  kyng  notwithstandyng  his  bro- 
thers excuse,  doubted  much  thend  of  his  other  sonne  named  larnes,  wherfore  he  priuely 
prouided  a  shi[>,  in  the  whiche  he  put  the  child  beyng  then  of  the  age  of.  ix.  yeres,  under  the 
tuicion  of  the  lorde  Hery  Senclere  erle  of  Orkeney,  willyng  him  to  couey  the  prince  into  f. 
realme  of  France  if  by  any  possibilitie  he  could  thether  attain.  And  if  fortune  should  driue 
hym  on  ^  cost  of  England,  he  wrote  letters  to  the  kyng  of  England,  y  tenor  wherof  in- 

"  ROBERT  Kyng  of  Scottes,  sendeth  gretyng  to  Kyng  Henry  of  Englande,  although  by  A  letter 
relacion  of  other  persones  I  haue  knowen  before  this  tyme,  what  magnanirnitie,  what  cle- 
inencie,  and  other  infinite  vertues  be  planted  and  roted  in  your  royall  persone,  yet  in  the  voy-  Scottes.. 
age  that  you  your  self  personally  last  made  into  Scotlad,  I  haue  had  manifest  and  open  expe- 
rience of  the  same.  For  whe  you  like  our  enemy  inuaded  our  countrie,  brent  our  tounes, 
and  destroyed  our  people,  yet  by  the  fauor  that  you  shewed  to  suche  places  and  people 
whiche  receined  and  fostered  your  noble  father  when  he  fled  out  of  Englad  (for  feare  of 
rebelles  whiche  then  sore  afflicted  his  lande)  we  haue  receiued  altnoste  as  muche  profit  and 
aduantage  as  we  did  hurte  and  damage,  by  your  terrible  warres  and  bloudy  inuasions. 
Wherefore  I  cannot  but  laud  and  praise  your  highnes  &  Judge  your  noble  herte  mete  for  a 
kyngdo,  but  also  I  doloue  and  will  not  cease  to  loue  you  duryng  my  naturall  life.  And 
notwithstandyng  that  realmes  and  nacions  daily  contende  and  make  warre  for  glory  rule 
and  empire,  yet  to  vs  bothe  beyng  kynges,  no  suche  occasion  is  geuen  to  do  as  they  do,  or 
to  folowe  their  steppes  or  progression,  but  we  (whiche  is  the  duetie  of  a  kyng)  oughte  to 
striuewho  shall  prosecute  other  with  moste  humain  fauor  and  continual  ckmencie,  and  as 
muche  as  we  maie  to  be  felowes,  compagnios  and  alies,  insinguler  loue  and  perpetual  amitie. 
And  as  for  suche  causes  as  now  be  different  and  in  discencion  betwene  vs  and  our  realmes  for 
my  part  I  shall  endeuor  my  self  to  bryng  all  thynges  to  a  good  coclusion  &  mutuall  confor- 
mitie.  And  because  that  I  now  am  in  the  same  trouble  and  perplexitie  for  my  children,  that 
your  father  was  with  the  rebelles  of  Englande,  I  am  compelled  of  very  necessitie  to  desire 


38  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

aide  and  seke  coforte  of  forain  princes  and  strange  nacions.     And  although  that  by  the  help 
of  God  and  power  of  my  people,  I  am  able  inough  to  kepe  the  same  against  all  outwarde 
powers  and  forain  attemptes.     Yet  from  the  secrete  malice  of  suche  as  lurke  and  bee  daily 
norished  in  my  very  bosome,  I  cannot  kepe  theim  in  suertie  within  myne  owne  dominion. 
And  yet  in  no  other  place  thei  can  bee  from  that  pestiferous  conspiracy  put  in  any  sure  de- 
fence or  perfight  sauegard,  except  thei  he  preserued  by  the  faith  and  fidelitie  of  good  and  iust 
men.     The  worlde  this  tyme  is  so  full  of  malice,  so  replenished  with  rancor,  that  whereso- 
euer  thatgolde  or  siluer  (whiche  bee  instrumentes  of  mischief)  maie  enter  or  penetrate,  there 
•shalbe  founde  ministers  prone  and  redy  to  do  and  perpetrate  al  detestable  crimes  and  mis- 
cheuous  inuencions:  But  because  I  kuowe  and  perceiue  your  person  to  be  endued  with  so 
many  notable  vertues,  and   to  be  adorned  with  such  Magnanimitie,  fidelitie,  iustiee,  cle- 
mencie,  and  finally,  not  onely  to  be  replenished  with  the  whole  compaignie  and  felowship 
of  the  vertues  Moral,  but  also  to  be  of  that  power,  riches  &  puyssance  that  no  prince  in  our 
tyme,  maie  to  your  highnes  be  ether  compared  or  assimuled,   I  beyng  by  your  noble  and 
notable  qualities  allected  and  encoraged,  most  hertely  require  your  helpe  and  humbly  desire 
your  aide,  relefe  and  comfort.     For  mine  eldest  sonne  Dauid,  (as  I  suspect  and  as  the  fame 
runeth,  althonghe  I  cannot  yet  thereof  make  a  perfight  proft'e)   is  muithered,  by  no  comen 
murther,  by  no  open  tliefe,  by  no  notorious  malefactor  nor  by  no  furious  persone,  but  by 
my  brother  his  vncle  whiche  ought  to  haue  protected  and  saued  him,  to  whom  I  comitted  the 
gouernance  of  me,  my  children,  my  whole  realme  and  all  that  I  had,  whiche  vnnaturall 
.kinseman  hath  not  only  killed  my  child,  but  hath  shamefully  slain  and  murdered  hym  with  the 
.moste  cruell  and  miserable  kynd  of  death,  which  Js  famyne.     And  so  he,  which  ought  & 
.whose  duety  was  to  haue  aduoyded  and  put  fro  me  the  iniuries  of  all  other    persones,  hath 
afflicted  me  with  the  moste  contumelie,  the  greatest  iniury  and  manifest  damage,  that  euer 
subiecte  did  attempt  against  his  Prince,   or  brother  against  brother,    or  enemy  against 
.kinseman.  For  he  whom  I  made.gouernor  to  withstand  the  power  and  malice  of  mine  outward 
enemies,  compasseth   and  imagineth  how  to  destroy  myne  issue,  and   consequently  myne 
owne  persone.     Wherfore  for  the  fauor  that  you  here  to  Justice  sent  by  God  to  mankinde, 
and  for  the  naturall  loue  and  fatherly  affection  that  you  here  to  your  children  and  posteritie, 
I  humbly  require  and  hertely  desire  your  magnificece,  that  this  mine  onely  child,  not  onely 
maie  safely  and  surely  liue  vnder  your  defence  and  protection  but  also  that  you  of  your  ac- 
customed goodnes  will  vouchsaue  to  preserue  and  defende  this  the  onely  heire  of  my  pos- 
teritie from  the  malicious  attemptes  of  his  cruell  kynred  and  ambicious  consanguinitie.    And 
this  the  rather,  for  the  remembrance  both  of  your  fathers  chance,  whiche  in  his  necessitie 
..found   muche  humanitic  in  our  nacion,  and  also  of  the  frailtie  of  worldly  suretie,  whiche 
:  assone  changcth  from  good  to  euill,  and  from  euill  to  worse,  as  the  faire  and  redolent  flower 
this  dale  florisheth,  and  to  morow  widreth  and  sodainly  vadeth.  Requiryng  you  to  haue  in  re- 
membraunce,   that  if  princes  put  their  whole  confidence  only  in  their  comon  people,  which 
T>e  more  variable  then  the  Wethercocke  or  wynd,  and  haue  no  outward  frendes  nor  forain 
nmitie,  their  empire  is  fallyng  and  their  regiment  very  britell.     But  if  princes  be  coupled  in 
.the  chaines  of  indissoluble  amide,  and  will  mutually  &  faithfully  defende  their  cornen  ene- 
mies, and  aduoyde  their  manifest  iniuries,  there  is  no  power  or  strength   of  the  comen 
people,   that  ether  can  hurte  or  cast  theim  from  the  throne:  in  suche  a  suretie  is  a  kyng 
.that  so  is  garnished  with  the  loue,  fauor  and  amitie  of  outward  princes  and  louyng  neigh- 
bors.    Wherfore,  if  it  may  seme  expedient  to  your  high  wisedome,  to  here  this  my  lowly 
requeste  and  louyng  suete  (whiche  I  thynke  your  clemencie  will  not  reiect  nor  retell)  my 
desire  is,  that  accordyng  to  the  last  truce  concluded  betwene  yon  and  vs,  in  the  whiche  is 
.conteigned  that  all  men  conueighyng  letters  from  the  one  of  vs  to  the  other,  should  suerly 
&  sauely  passe  and  repasse  without  any  cotradiccio:  That  it  would  plese  you  not  to  breke 
,nor  deny  the  said  liberty  to  this  berer  our  only  sone,  but  for  your  honor  to  kepe  your  pro- 
mise sincerly  inuiolated  &  .faithfully  obserued.     And  thus  the  gracious  God  preserue  your 
noble  person  in  your  royal  estate  long  to  continew." 

4  WHEN 


WHEN  all  thynges  necessary  were  prepared,  the  mariners  halsed  vp  their  ankers  and 
departed  from  Bas  castle  with  this  young  prince  and  Henry  Percie  sonne  to  the  lord  Percie 
slain  before  at  Shrewsbury,  and  by  rigor  pf  tempest  wer  driuen  on  the  cost  of  llolder- 

-nes  called  Flamborough  hed  the.  xxx.  daie  of  Marche,  where  the  yong  prince  for  to  re- 
freshe  liymselfe  toke  lande.  He  wroughte  not  so  priuily,  but  he  was  knowen  and  taken  with 
all  his  copany,  &  conueighed  to  the  kyngbeyngat  Winsore,  where  he  with  dew  reuerece  deli- 
uercd  his  fathers  letter.  When  the  letter  was  redde  &  vnderstand,  the  kyng  assembled  his 
counsail  to  knowe  what  should  be  doen  with  this  noble  enfant.  Some  to  whome  the  con- 
tinual warres  and  daily  battail  was  bothe  displeasut  and  odious,  affirmed  that  there  could 
not  happen  a  better  or  a  more  surer  occasion  of  peace  and  amide  betwene  bothe  the  realmes, 
whiche  beyng  so  offred,  they  would  in  no  wise  should  be  reiected  but  taken,  consideryng  that 
this  prince  was  sent  thither,  in  trust  of  sauegard,  in  hope  of  refuge,  and  in  request 
of  aide  and  comfort  against  his  euill  willers  and  malicous  enemies:  other  (whose  opinion 
toke  place)  affirmed  hyin  to  be  a  prisoner  and  so  to  bee  ordered,  for  asmuche  as  he  was 

.  taken  the  warre  beeyng  open,  and  that  his  father  did  not  onely  maintayne  therle  of  Nor- 
thumberland and  other  rebelles  within  his  countrie  and  geue  them  great  honors,  but  also  sent  a 
.greate  nombre  of  his  nobilite  against  the  kyng  at- the  battaill  of  Shrewesbery.  W-herfore  it 
was  agreed  that  he  should  be  deteined  as  a  prisoner,  lawfully  taken  and  duely  appreheded. 
When  tidynges  of  this  difinitiue  sentence  was  shewed  to  his  father,  he  tooke  suche  an  in-* 
warde  conceit  and  so  sore  a  penciffenes,  that  he  ended  his  naturall  life  within  a  few  inone- 
thes  after.  Although  the  takyng  of  this  young  prince,  was  at  the  first  tyme  displeasant  to 
the  realme  of  Scotlande:  yet  surely,  after  he  and  all  his  region  had  greate  cause  to  reioyse 
and  thanke  God  of  their  fortunate  chaunce  and  good  lucke  that  insued.  For  where  before 
that  tyme  the  people  of  Scotlande  wer  rude,  rustical!,  without  any  vrbanitie,  hauyng  litle  ler- 
uyng  and  lesse  good  maners,  &  good  qualities  least  of  all.  This  prince  beeyng.  xviij.  yeres 
prisoner  within  this  realme,  was  so  instructed  and  taught  by  his  scholemasters  &  pedagoges 
,apointed  to  him  by  the  onely  clemencie  of  the  kyng,  that  he  not  onely  florished  in  good  learn-' 

-yng  ajid  freshe  litterature  (as  the  tyme  then  serued)  but  also  excelled  in  all  poynctes  of  Mar- 
ciall  feates,  Musicall  instrumentes,   Poeticall  artes  and  liberal  sciences.     In  so  muche  th;it; 
at  his  returne  from  captiuitee,  he  furnished  his  realme  bothe  with  good  learnyng  and  ciuilL. 
policie,  whiche  before  was  barbarous,  sauage,  rude  &  without  all  good  nurtur. . 


TIIERLE  of  Northumberland,  whiche   had  been  in  Fraunce  and  other  regions  to  oh-  TH*.  ix. . 
teigne  aide  against  kyng  Henry,  and  had  missed  of  his  purpose,  now  puttc  his  whole  confidence  ycre* 
in  the  Scottes,  and  in  especiall  in  his  olde  frende  George  erle  of  Marche,  and  so  assembled 
a  great  power  of  the  Scottish  nacion  to  inuade  Northumberland,  and  recouered  diuerse  of 
his  owne  castles  and  seigniories,  to  whom  the  people  without  nombre  daily  resorted.  Wher- 
fore  he  entendyng  to  bee  reuenged  of  his  old  greues,  accornpaignied  with  the  lorde  Bar- 
dolfte  and  diuerse  other  Scottes  and  Englishmen  entredinto  Yorke  shire  and  there  began  to  > 
destroy  and  depopulate  the  countrie.     Wherof  the  kyng  beyng  aduerttsed,  caused  a  greate 
army  to  be  assembled  and  marched  toward  his  enemies,  but  or  the  kyng  came  to -Notyng- 
hani,   Raufe  Rekesbie  shrife  of  Yorke  shire,  in  the  middest  of  February  with  the  po^er  of ; 
the  countrie,  sodainlie  set  on  therle  and  his  compaignie,  at  a  place  called  Bramhatn  More, 
•  where  after  long  fightyng,  the  erle  and  the  Lorde  Bardolffe  and  many  other-wer  taken  and  ^ 
brought  to  Yorke  and  there  executed,  and  their  heddes  sent  to  London.  . 

AFTER  this  the  kyng  hauing  knowledge  that  diuerse  pirates  wer  wanderyng  on  the  cost 
of  Englande,  prepared  a  great  armie  furnished  with  men,  vitaile  and  -.municions-  of  warre 
mete  &  conuenient  for  such1  an  enterprice,  and  in  the  beginnyng. of  Marche  sent  to  the  sea, 
lorde  Edtnond-  Hollande  erle  of  Kent,  chieftain  of  that  crewe-  and  ar-mie.  When  the  erle" 



had  searched  all  the  coaste  of  Fraunce,  and  had  founde  not  one  pirate  or  sea  robber,  he  vras 
aduertised  by  his  espials  that  they  heryng  of  his  armie,  wer  diuerted  to  the  partes  of  Britayn. 
Wherefore  the  said  erle  entendyng  to  be  reuenged  on  them  whiche  he  sougtit  for,  made  his 
course  thether,  before  his  arriual  they  had  conueighed  their  shippes  into  the  hauens,  so  that 
he  could  not  fight  with  them  on  the  sea,  wherfore  lie  launched  out  his  botes  and  with  his 
fierce  souldiers  toke  land  and  fiercely  assaulted  the  towne  of  Briake  standyng  on  the  sea  side. 
The  citiezens  threwe  out  dartes,  cast  stones,  shotte  quarrelles  and  manfully  defended  their 
•walles.  In  wliiche  conflicte  the  erle  receiued  such  a  wound  in  his  head  that  he  departed  out 
of  this  world  the.  v.  day  after.  The  assailantes  not  dismaied  but  set  a  fire  with  the  death  of 
their  captaine  like  men  desperate  styll  assaulted  the  towne  and  by  fine  force  entered  into  the 
same  and  set  it  a  fier  and  slewe  all  that  would  make  any  resisteuce,  and  for  lacke  of  a  cap- 
tain, the  men  of  warre  laden  with  praies  and  prisoners  returned  againe  into  Englande. 

THIS  Edmond  erle  of  Kent  was  in  such  fauour  with  kyng  Henry  that  he  not  alonely  ad- 
uanced  and  promoted  him  to  highe  offices  and  great  preheminences,  but  also  by  his  meane  and 
MO  small  coste  obteigned  for  him  the  eldest  doughter  and  one  of  the  heires  of  the  Lord  I3ar- 
nabo  of  Millaine  brother  to  Lord  Galeace  whose  sone  also  called  Galeace  murdervng  his 
vncle  Barnabo  made  himselfe  first  duke  of  Millaine,  for  which  marriage  Lord  Barnabo 
paied  to  him  an  hundred  M.  Duccattes  at  the  churche  of  saint  Marie  Oueryes  in  South- 
warke  at  the  day  of  the  solempnite,  by  doen  Alphos  de  Caniola.  This  Lucie  after  the  death 
of  her  husband  by  whom  she  had  no  issue,  was  moued  by  the  kyng  to  mary  with  Ins  bastard 
brother  the  Earle  of  Dorcet  a  man  very  aged  and  il  visaged,  whose  person  nether  satisfied 
her  fantasy  nor  whose  face  pleased  her  appetite,  wherfore  she  preferring  her  own  mind  more 
then  the  kynges  desire,  delityng  in  him  the  whiche  shoulde  more  satisfie  her  wanton  pleasure 
then  gaine  her  any  profile,  for  very  loue  toke  to  husband  Henry  Mortimer  a  goodly  yong 
Esquier  and  a  bewtifull  Bacheler.  For  which  cause  the  kyng  was  not  onely  with  her  dis- 
pleased but  also  for  mariyng  withoute  his  licence  he  seassed  and  fined  her  at  a  great  some 
of  money,  which  fine  kyng  Henry  the.  v.  bothe  released  and  pardoned  and  also  made  him 
knyght  and  promoted  hym  to  great  offices  both  in  England  and  Normandie,  whiche  sir  Hen- 
ry had  issue  by  this  Lady,  Anne  maried  to  sir  Ihon  Awbemond  mother  to  Elizabeth  Chan- 
dos  mother  to  Phillis  maried  to  sir  Dauie  Halle  capitayne  of  Caen,  she  had  also  issue  Mari 
maried  to  Ihon  Cheddar  and  Luce  espoused  to  sir  Ihon  Cressy.  fThis  yere  by  reason  of  Frostr  \ 
—^  shepe  and  birds  died  without  nomber,  whiche  continued  fiftene  weekes7 

*[  THE.  X.  YERE. 

Th«.  x.  ABOUTE  this  time  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoine  a  man  of  a  quicke  witte,  desirous  of  rule,  & 

of  a  haute  courage,  being  of  great  auctoritie  ainongest  the  Frenche  nacion  to  whome  ciuill 
discorde  was  more  pleasure  than  fraternall  amitie  and  mutuall  concorde,  began  sore  to 
grudge  and  maligne  against  Lewes  Duke  of  Orleance  brother  to  the  French  kyng,  because 
that  he  was  chefe  of  the  kynges  councell  and  ordered  al  thinges  by  his  discrecion,  because  the 
king  his  brother  was  (as  you  haue  heard)  fallen  into  a  frensy  and  tlierfore  meddled  in  no- 
thyng.  The  duke  of  Orleance  on  the  otherside  beyng  highly  set  vp  in  pride,  began  to  dis- 
dain and  froune  at  the  duke  of  Burgoin,  because  he  perceiued  that  he  aspired  &  gaped  to  haue 
the  supreme  regimente  in  the  publike  affaires  and  weightie  causes,  thus  the  one  would  haue 
no  superior,  and  the  other  would  haue  no  pere.  This  cancard  disdain  in  shorte  space  grewe 
to  suche  a  hate,  that  all  the  realme  of  Fraunce  was  deuided  into  two  faccions,  thone  parte 
fauoryng  the  duke  of  Orleauce,  and  the  other  inclinyng  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  whiche 
deuisiou  had  almoste  brought  the  realme  of  France  to  vtter  ruineand  perpetuafl  confusion. 
The  Frenche  kyng  beyng  sornwhat  amended  of  his  dissease,  heryng  of  this  controuersie  be- 
twene  these  two  princes,  set  for  theim  bothe  to  Paris,  where  he  reproued  their  pride,  re- 
buked their  malice,  and  taunted  their  vngodly  dooynges,  in  so  muche  that  all  the  nobilitie 



beyng  present,  Judged  the  displeasure  to  haue  been  bothe  forgotten  and  forgeuen.  But 
high  corages  are  not  so  sone  abated,  nor  roted  malice  is  not  in  hast  plucked  vp,  for  the 
duke  of  Burgoyne  still  co  passing  the  destruccion  of  the  duke  ofOrleance,  appoyncted  a  se- 
crete frende  called  Raft'e  of  Actouille,  to  bryng  his  purpose  to  passe.  This  Raft'e  forgettyng 
not  his  enterprise,  assembled  together  a  compaignie  of  suche  persons  as  he  moste  trusted,  & 
as  a  Woltte  gredy  of  his  pray,  when  the  duke  of  Orleance  was  commyng  from  the  court  in 
the  night  season,  he  fiersly  set  vpon  hym  and  shamefully  slewe  hym.  When  this  murder 
was  published,  the  king  lamented,  the  nobles  grudged,  and  the  comon  people  cried  to  God 
for  vengeance.  The  duke  of  Burgoyne  iustified  this  act  by  the  mouth  of  Master  Ihon  Petit 
doctor  in  deuinite,  whiche  wrested  scripture  and  doctors  so  far  out  of  course,  that  his  Justi- 
fication within  fe\ve  yeres  after  was  adiudged  heresy  by  the  whole  vniuersite  of  Paris.  The 
French  kyng,  lest  that  greater  mischief  should  ensue,  was  compelled  to  hide  and  cloke  his 
inward  arfeccion  and  dolorus  herte  and  to  dissimule  the  matter,  doubtyng  lest  the  duke  of 
Burgoyne  whose  herte  and  haute  corage  he  had  well  knowen  before,  (if  he  should  proceade 
against  hym  for  this  euill  acte)  would  ioyne  and  take  part  with  the  Englishe  nacion  against 
the  realme  of  France.  Wherefore  after  long  consultacion  had  by  the  entreatie  of  the  kyng 
and  other  Princes  of  the  bloud  royall,  Charles  duke  of  Orleance  sonne  to  duke  Lewes  lately 
murdred,  and  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoyne  were  reconsiled  and  brought  to  a  fained  concord  and 
a  fainte  agremente,  eche  of  theim  takyng  a  corporall  othe  vpon  the  holy  Euangelists,  neuer 
after  to  disagre  or  renewe  any  displeasure  for  any  thyng  before  passed.  But  what  preuaileth 
an  othe  where  hertes  still  burne  &  malice  continually  smoketh,  who  careth  for  penury  when 
apetite  of  reuengyng  daily  encreaseth. 

IN  this  case  was  the  duke  of  Orleance  whiche  perceiuyng  the  king  his  vncle  to  beare 
with  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  and  to  let  the  detestable  murder  of  his  father  so  lightly  pasee 
without  pain  or  punishmet,  alied  and  confederated  hvmself  with  the  dukes  of  Berry  and  Bur- 
bon,  &  the  cries  of  Alaunson  and  Arminacke,  whiche  reised  agreate  puissance  of  people, 
and  defied  the  duke  of  Burgoin  and  his  cdplices  as  their  mortall  foo  and  dedly  enemy.  The 
duke  of  Burgoine  feryng  the  sequele  of  the  matter  (because  ther  was  a  mocio  of  mariage 
to  be  had  betwene  the  prince  of  Wales  and  his  doughter)  was  somwhat  the  bolder  to  send 
to  the  kyng  of  England  for  aide  and  succors  against  his  enemies.  Kyng  Henry  no  lesse 
forseyng  then  that  whiche  after  ensued,  whiche  was  that  the  discord  of  these  two  great  princes 
might  turne  his  realme  to  profit  and  honor,  sent  to  the  duke  of  Burgoine,  Thomas  erle 
of  Arundell,  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile  lorde  of  Kyne,  sir  Robert  Vinfreuile,  and  sir  Ihon  Grey 
with.  xij.  C.  archers,  whiche  toke  shippyng  at  Douer  and  landed  at  Sluce.  When  thenglish- 
men  wer  arriued  in  Flaunders,  the  duke  of  Burgoin  with  thenglishmen  and  all  his  power, 
rode  daie  and  night  til  he  came  nere  to  Paris,  and  ther  the  next  daie  after  with  hard  fight- 
yng  and  coragious  shotyng,  the  Englishmen  gat  the  bridge  of  saint  Clow,  whiche  passed 
ouer  the  riuer  of  Saine,  and  toke  and  slewe  all  the  souldiers  whiche  the  duke  of  Orleance 
had  left  there  in  garrison  to  defend  the  bridge.  Emongest  whom  sir  Mansard  de  Boys  a 
valiant  capitain  was  taken  prisoner  by  the  Englishemen  &  highly  raunsomed.  But  the  duke 
of  Orleace  and  his  compainy  whiche  wer  like  to  haue  been  compassed  with  their  enemies,  so 
that  almost  al  their  waies  of  refuge  were  stopped  and  enclosed,  in  the  nyght  tyme  made  a 
bridge  ouer  the  riuer  on  the  part  of  saint  Denis  strete,  &  so  escaped  &  fled  into  the  high  cou- 
tries.  And  after  this  conflicte  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  beyng  now  in  his  ruffe  thin  kyng  no 
man  ether  in  aucthorite  or  bloud  equiuolente  to  his  person,  and  blinded  with  a  kail  of  vain- 
glory before  his  ieyes,  toke  vpo  him  him  the  hole  rule  and  gouernance  of  the  realme  and  or- 
dered the  kyng  as  pleased  him,  and  not  to  the  kinges  wil,  and  thinking  that  in  so  trobelous 
a  season  he  had  vnknit  the  knot  of  all  ambiguities  &  doubtes  perceiuingall  thynges  to  haue 
better  succeded  for  his  purpose  then  he  before  imagined,  dismissed  Thenglishmen  into  their 
countrey  geuing  to  them  harty  thankea  and  great  rewardesj  Which  doyng  king  Hery  much 
disalowed,  consideryng  that  he  had  sent  away  his  defence  before  the  great  brunt  of  the  war 
wer  ouerpassed,  &  shuld  haue  taken  hede  before  what  policie  his  enemies  had  practised  or 

G  what 

42  THE.  XII.  YEIIE  OF 

what  puissance  they  had  assembled.    For  he  well  remebred  that  one  faire  daieassufeth  not  a 
good  Sommer,  nor  one  fliyng  Svvalovv  prognosticated!  not  a  good  yere. 


ih.xi.  Kyng  Henry  nowe  beyng  quiet  &  not  molested  with  ciuil  discencion  nor  domesticali 
factions  called  his  high  court  of  parliamente  i«  the  whiche  after  he  had  concluded  diuerse 
Actes  mete  and  expedient  for  the  publike  welth  of  his  realme  and  people,  he  exalted  and 
promoted  his  thre  yonger  sonnes  to  hie  honors,  as  lorde  Thomas  to  the  Duchie  of  Clarence, 
lorde  Ihon  to  the  duchie  of  Bedford,  &  lorde  Humphrey  to  the  cluchie  of  Glocester,  and 
lord  Thomas  his  halfe  brother  erle  of  Dorcet  he  made  duke  of  Excester.  Howbeit  some 
wTherj3_sai£  he  was  erected  to  that  estate  and  dignitie  by  kyng  Henry  the.  v.  in  the  first  yere 
of  his  reigne,  whiche  thyng  is  nether  materiall  nor  disputable  consideryng  he  had  none  issue. 



The.  xii.  While  these  thynges  wer  thus  doyng  in  England,  Iho  duke  of  Burgoyn  which  ruled 
the  rost  and  gouerned  both  kyng  Charles  the  Frenche  kyng  and  his  whole  realme,  so  muche 
stomakedand  enuied  the  duke  of  Orlifice  &  his  fautors  that  he  caused  the  Freeh  kyng  in  per- 

son to  arme  himself  against  them  and  their  adherentes,  as  traitors  to  liym  and  apparat  ene- 
mies to  the  comon  welth,  &  sent  diuerse  eapitaines  to  inuade  their  landes  and  territories  in 
the  countrees  of  Poytiers  and  Angulesme,  &  other  seigniories  aperteinyng  and  belongyng  to 
the  homage  and  obeisance  of  the  duchie  of  Aquitain  &  Guien.  Wherfore  the  dukes  of 
Orleance,  Berre,  and  Bui  bon  with  their  fi  edes  and  alies,  scyng  that  now  their  onely  hope 
consisted  in  the  kyng  of  England,  sent  to  hym  Alberte  Aubemound  a  man  of  no  lesse  lern- 
yng  then  audacite,  &  yet  of  no  lesse  audacitie,  then  wit  and  policie,  whiche  in  the  name  of 
the  confederates  offred  certain  codicions  as  you  shall  here  after  accordyng  to  myne  aucthor 
truly  reported,  whiche  wer  made  &  cocluded  in  the  yere  of  our  Lorde.  M.CCCC.xij.  the. 
viij.  dale  of  Maie. 

FIRST,  thesaid  lordes  offred  that  fro  thece  furth  thei  should  expose  and  set  furth  their 
owne  persons,  finances  and  lades  to  serue  the  kyng  of  England  his  heires  and  successors, 
when  souer  thei  wer  required  or  called  in  all  hist  quarelles:  whiche  iust  quarelles  the  kyng 
of  Knglade  shall  take  to  aperteigne  to  the  duchie  of  Guyen  with  the  appurtenances,  affirna- 
yng  how  thesaid  duchie  perteigneth  and  ought  to  apertain  to  hym  of  righte  by  lineall  heritage 
and  lawfull  succession,  manifestyng  from  thence  furthe,  that  thei  should  not  blemishe  nor 
spotte  their  truthe  nor  fidelite  to  assiste  and  aide  hym  in  recoueryng  thesame  duchy. 

ALSO  thesaied  Lordes  offered  their  sonnes,  doughters,  nephewes  and  neces,  parentes 
and  all  their  subiectes,  to  contract  mariage  accordyng  to  the  discrecion  of  the  kyng  of  En- 

ALSO  thei  offred  tounes  castles  tresures,  &  generally  al  their  goodes  to  ayde  the  kyng  his 
heires  and  successors  for  the  defence  of  their  rightes  and  quarels,  so  that  the  bonde  of 
their  allegiance  might  be  saued,  the  whiche  in  another  secrete  apointment  they  before  had 

ALSO  thei  offred  to  the  kyng  of  England  generally  al  their  frendes  adherentes  alies  and 
well  willers  to  serue  him  in  his  quarel  for  the  recouery  of  the  hole  Duchie  of  Guien. 

ALSO  to  cease  al  fraude,  the  sayd  lordes  recognised  that  they  were  ready,  to  affirme  the 
saied  Duchie  of  Guien  to  belong  to  the  kyng  of  England,  in  like  and  semblable  wise  in  li- 
berty and  franchises,  as  euer  any  of  the  said  kynges  predecessors  held  or  possessed  the 

ALSO  the  said  lordes  knowledged  that  al  the  townes  castels  and  fortresses  that  they  had 

1  within. 


•within  the  Duchie  of  Guien,  to  holde  them  of  the  kyng  of  England  as  the  very  trewe  duke 
of  Guien,  promisyug  all  seruice  and  homages  after  the  best  maner  that  in  suche  case  might  be. 

ALSO  they  promised  to  deliuer  to  the  kyng  as  much  as  laie  in  the  all  townes  and  castelles 
apperteinyng  to  the  roialtie  and  seignorie  of  England,  whiche  are  in  'nombcr.  xx.  what 
townes  and  castels,  and  as  to  the  regarde  of  other  townes  and  fortresses  whiche  were  not  iu 
their  puissaunce  and  seigniory,  they  woulde  healpe  the  kyng  of  England  his  heires  and 
deputies  to  winne  them  with  men  in  sufficiente  number  at  their  propre  charges  and  cxpences. 

ALSO  the  kyng  of  England  was  agreed  that  the  duke  of  Berry  his  trewe  Uncle  and*  vas- 
salle  and  the  duke  of  Orleance  his  subiecte  and  vassalle  and  the  Earle  of  Arminacke  shoulde    •  v»m\ik 
holde  of  hym  by  homage  and  fealtie  the  landes  and  seigniores  hereafter  folowyng,  that  is  to£"iVth" 
saye  the  Duke  of  Berry  to  holde  the  Countie  of  Pontiew  duryng  his  life,  and  the  duke  ofi»°nd«  or 
Orleaunce  to  hold  the  countie  of  Angulesme  duryng  his  life  onely,  and  the  countie  of  Per-  clfT"^" 
rigot  for  eucr,  and  the  Erie  of  Annniacke  to  holde.  iiii.  castels  vpon  certain  sureties  and  tie  °r  HO- 
condicions  as  by  indenture  should  be  appointed. 

FOR  the  which  offers  couenauntes  and  agrementcs  they  affirmed  that  the  kyng  of  England 
as  Duke  of  Guien,  ought  to  defende  &  succour  them  against  all  men  as  their  very  Lord  and 
soueraigne,  and  not  to  conclude  any  treatie  of  leage  with  the  Duke  of  Burgoine,  his  bre- 
thren, children,  fi  endes  or  alies. 

FURTHERMORE,  the  kyng  of  England  ought  to  ayde  the  sayd  Lordes  as  his  trewe 
vassals  in  all  their  iuste  quarels  for  recoueryng  of  damages  for  iniuries  to  them  wrongful- 
ly done.  <)}  Vi 

ALSO  they  required  the  kyng  of  England  to  send  to  the.  viii.  thousand  men  to  ayde 
them  againste  the  Duke  of  Burgoine,  whiche  daily  prouoked  the  French  kyng  to  make  open 
warre  on  them,  their  landes  and  seigniories,  promisyng  farther  to  disbouice  and  pay  all  the 
costes  and  charges  whiche  the  sayd  armie  of  Englishmen  should  expend  duiyng  their  waire, 
whiche  letter  was  written  the.  viii.  day  of  May. 

KYNG  Henry  louingly  receiued  &  gentely  enlertayned  this  messenger  Albcrte,  and 
when  he  had  well  debated  and  considered  the  case,:#he  first  detesting  the  abhominable  mur- 
der of  the  late  duke  of  Orliaunce  and  seyng  no  lustjce  ministred  nor  no  punishment  done 
for  so  shamefull  an  acte,  hauyng  also  approued  experience  that  the  Duke  of  Burgoine 
wolde  kepe  no  longer  promise  then  he  him  self  listed.  And  secondarily  consideryng  what 
large  offers  these  Princes  had  made  to  him  bothe  greatly  to  his  honour  and  to  the  high  pro- 
fit and  commoditie  of  his  realme  and  subiectes,  thought  that  he  was  b'ounde  by  the  office  of 
aTKyiig  to  ayde  and  succour  theym  whiche  cried  for  lustice  and  could  liaue  none,  and  in  espe- 
ciall  because  they  in  that  point  beyng  his  subiectes  and  vassalles  ought  to  be  defended  in 
maintenaunce  of  his  superioritie  and  seigniorie:  wherfove  he  louyngly  promyscd  them  aide 
and  relefe.  This  return  of  the  messenger  was  to  them  as  pleasant  as  is  the  deliuerance  of  a 
captiue  fro  his  sore  imprisonment,  or  of  a  marchant  passyng  by  the  way  beset  about  by 
Thcues,  beyng  reskewed  by  his  frendes  or  copanions.  And  not  without  cause,  for  the  ,  *  Ars"'- 
French  king  not  of  his  owne  courage  animated,  but  maliciously  encesed  by  the  duke  of  Ari'to"  °L 
Burgoyn,  persecuted  the  faction  of  the  Orliaunces  from  citie  to  citie  from  tovvne  to  towne,  v-kins.of 
with  such  power  and  extremitie  that  they  were  bothe  of  force  and  necessitie  compelled  to 
repaire  to  the  Citie  of  Bourges  in  Berry,  and  there  to  appoincte  theym  sdfes  ether  to  ren- 

enemy  to  the  Englishmen  into  the  parties  of  Picardy  with  nYten  C.  horseroe  and  a  groat  ^fcSST"" 
nomber  of  fotemen,  he  ordeined  certain  of  his  men  to  gene  assaulte  to  the  tonne  of  Guisnes  J  MI&I, 
while  he  stode  in  a  stale  to  lie  in  w'aite  for  the  relefe  that  myght  come  from  Caleis.  The  fhe  Poet" 
furious  Frenchmen  brake  a  fewe  old  pales  about  pore  mens  gardcins  of  Guisnes,  but  the  tapem* 
men  of  warre  of  the  Castell  shotte  so  fiercely  at  them  with  arowes  and  caste  oute  wildeficr  h?**5"'* 
in  swche  abundance  that  the  assailantes  were  faine  to  retire.  And  so  the  erle  of  sainct  kpses* 

GS  Paule 


The.  xiii, 


Paule  whiche  neuer  wonne  gain  but  loste  honor  at  the  Englishe  mens  handes,  returned  no 
onely  with  losse  of  his  people  but  defrauded  of  his  desired  pray,  returned  to  the  toune  of 
Saint  Quintins. 


THe  Frenche  kyng  in  the  meane  seaso  by  the  enticement  of  the  duke  of  Burgoine  layd 
sege  to  the  citie  of  Bourges  in  Berry  where  the  duke  of  Orleance  and  his  confederates  had 
included  and  fortified  themselfes.  When  the  kyng  of  England  was  thereof  aduertised,  he  with 
all  diligence  sent  forthe  his  sonne  Thomas  duke  of  Clarence,  and  Edward  duke  of  Yorke 
with.  viii.  C.  horsrnen  and.  ix.  thousand  archers  whiche  toke  land  in  the  bay  of  Hogges  in 
Normandy  by  sainct  Waste  in  the  territory  of  Constantine.  Thenglishemen  swarmed  like 
Bees  rounde  aboute  the  countrey,  robbyng  Marchantes,  spoilyng  husbandmen  and  brennyng 
townes,  and  were  ioyously  receiued  of  the  Erles  of  Alauson  and  Richmond  fautors  of  the 
Ofliencial  part.  The  councel  of  Fraunce  not  willing  that  the  Englishmen  should  ioyne  or 
concurre  with  the  Dukes  of  Orleaunce  and  Berry  or  their  complices,  caused  a  common  fame 
( although  it  were  not  trewe)  to  be  diuulged  abrode  that  there  was  a  finall  peace  and  a  perfit 
amide  concluded  betwene  the  Frenche  kyng  &  his  lordes  whiche  lately  were  to  hym  aduer- 
saries.  When  this  fable  was  notified  to  the  Englishmen  whiche  were  by  hasty  iourneys  passed 
the  ryuer  of  Leire,  they  spoiled  the  towne  and  Monastery  of  Beauliew,  and  wasted  with 
fire  and  swerde  the  countreis  of  Touraine  and  Maine.  Against  whom  the  duke  of  Burgoyn 
sent  the  lord  of  Rambures  with  a  great  armie,  whiche  in  short  time  was  before  vanquished. 
The  Dolphyn  of  Fraunce  fearyng  the  doynges  of  the  Englishemen  concluded  a  fayned  peace 
betwene  the  dukes  of  Orleaunce  and  Burgoyne  and  their  adherentes,  so  that  the  duke  of 
Orleaunce  should  without  delay  dispatche  out  of  the  dominions  of  Frauuce  all  the  English 
armie.  The  duke  was  not  rich  to  paie,  and  the  Englishmen  were  gredy  to  haue,  in  so 
muche  that  they  marchyng  toward  Guien  in  good  order  what  by  sackyng  of  townes  &  what 
with  raunsomyng  of  riche  persones,  gat  great  treasure  and  many  good  prayes.  Beside  this  to 
the  aide  of  the  duke  of  Orliaunce  king  Henry  sent  to  Caleis  therles  of  Kent  and  Warwike 
with.  ii.  thousand  fightyng  men  whiche  spoiled  &  defaced  the  countie  of  Bullenois,  and 
brent  the  towne  of  Samer  de  Boys  and  toke  with  assault  the  fortresse  of  Russalte  with  diuers 
other.  The  duke  of  Orleance  which  was  daily  called  on  to  dispatche  the  Englishemen  out 
of  Fraunce,  came  to  the  duke  of  Clarence  and  his  army  rendryng  to  them  a  M.  gramercies  and 
disbursed  to  them  as  muche  money  as  ether  he  or  his  frendes  myghte  easily  spare:  and  for 
two  hundred  and.  ix.  M.  Frankes  which  remayned  vnpaide  he  deliuered  in  gage  his  second 
brother  Ihon  erle  of  Angulesme  whiche  was  Grandfather  to  Frances  afterward  French  king 
and  sir  Marcell  of  Bourge,  sir  Ihon  of  Samoures,  sir  Archibault  of  Viliers  and  diuers  other, 
which  earle  long  continewed  in  Englande  as  you  shall  perceiue  hereafter.  When  this 
agrement  was  taken,  the  dukes  of  Clarence  and  Yorke  with  gret  pray  (riche  prisoners,  and 
welthy  hostages)  came  to  Burdeaux  makyng  warre  on  the  frontiers  of  Fraunce,  to  their 
greate  gaine  and  profitable  lucre.  So  by  the  onely  commyng  of  the  Englishmen  into 
France  the  duke  of  Orliaunce  was^je^tored  not  onely  to  peace  and  quietnes  with  al-  persons 
saue  the  duke  of  Burgoyne :  But  also  fell  in  suche  fauour  with  the  kyng  &  the  realm  that  he 
was  of  all  men  welbeloued,  muche  honored  and  highly  cstemed,  and  so  continewed  till  wa- , 
^v  ^-uering^Fprtujie  turned  her  variable  whele.  For  after  this  he  beyng  enemy  to  the  Englishe 
•"*  nation  was  vanquished  and  takeiy  prisoner  and  so  remained  in  Englande  aboue.  xxiiii.  yeres, 
till  the  flower  of  his  age  was  passed  or  sore  blemyshed. 


Tie. *iuj.        AFter  these  great  and  fortunate  chaunces  happened   to  kyng  Henry,  he  perfightly  re- 
membring  that  there  could  be  no  more  praise  geuen  to  a  prince  then  to  execute  his  office  in 

4  admin- 


administryng  Justice  whiche  aboue  all  thyng  is  the  very  necessary  minister  to  all  people,  en- 
tendyng  to  Hue  in  quietenes,  beyng  now  deliuered  of  al  Ciuilldeuision  and  intestine  discen-  "  / 
cion,  with  the  which  almost  all  Christendom  was  infected  and  disturbed,  not  onely  to  the 
gret  decay  of  Christes  religion  and  Christian  creatures  but  to  the  great  exaltacio  of  Painiin 
princes,  by  the  dilatyng  of  the  pestiferous  sect  of  the  false  counterfait  prophet  vainglorious 
Mahumet :  called  a  great  cousail  of  the  thre  estates  of  his  realme,  in  the  whiche  he  delibe- 
rately consulted  and  concluded  aswell  for  the  politike  gouernance  of  his  realme  as  also 
for  the  war  to  be  made  against  the  Infidels,  and  especially  for  the  recouery  of  the  holy  Citie 
of  Jerusalem,  in  whiche  Christian  warres  he  entended  to  ende  his  transitory  life,  and  for 
that  cause  he  prepared  a  great  army,  and  gathered  muche  treasure,  entending  to  set  forward 
in  the  same  spring  time.     But  se  the  chaunce,  what  so  euer  man  intendeth  God  sodainly 
reuerseth,  what  princes  will,  god  wil  not,  what  we  thinke  stable,  God  sodainely  maketh 
mutable,  to  the  entent  that  Salomons  saiyng  might  be  found  trewe,  which  wrote  that  the  wis- 
dome  of  men  is  but  folishnes  before  God.     When  this  Prince  was  thus  furnyshed  with  trea- 
sure sufficient,  with  valiant  capitaines  and  hardy  souldiers,  with  tall  shippes  furnished  with 
vitayles  municions  and  all  thynges  necessary  for  suche  a  iourney  roiall,  he  was  taken  with 
a  sore  sodain  disease  and  laied  in  his  bed :  whiche  disease  was  no  Lepry  stryken  by  the 
handes  of  God  asfolish  Friers  before  declared,  for  then  he  neither  would  for  shame,  nor  for 
debilitie  was  able  to  enterprise  so  great  a  iourney  as  in  to  lewrie  in  his  own  person,  but  he 
was  taken  with  a  sore  *  Apoplexye  of  the  whiche  he  languished  tyll  his  appoyncted  howre,  ' 
and  had  none  other  grefe  nor  malady.     Duryng  whiche  sickenes  as  Auctors  write  he  caused 
his  crowne  to  be  set  on  the  pillowe  at  his  beddes  heade  and  sodainly  his  pange  so  sore  tro-  dered  of 
beled  him  that  as  he  lay  as  though  al  his  vitall  sprites  had  been  from  him  departed  :  suche  Sow  to< 
chamberlains  as  had  the  cure  and  charge  of  his  bodyc  thinkyng  him  to  bee  departed  and  *i>ichcm 
deade  couered  his  face  with  a  linnen  cloth.     The  prince  his  sonne  being  therof  aduertised,  oTt^r56'3 
entered  into  the  chamber  and  toke  away  the  crowne  and  departed:  the  father  being  sodainly  heade  f'om 
reuiued  out  of  his  traunce  quickly  perceiued  the  lacke  of  his  crowne,  and  hauyng  know-  ftiyngoftht 
ledge  that  the  prince  his  sonne  had  possessed  it,  caused  hym  torepaire  to  his  presence,  re-  body com- 
quiryng  of  him  for  what  cause  he  had  so  misused  hlselfe.     The  prince  with  a  good  audacitie  therefore" 
answered,  sir  to  mine  and  all  mennes  iudgemetes  you  semed  deade  in  this  world,  wherfore  jh<ywh'il'e 

I-II  •  n  II     /•    •  •    .       i  "aut  t"ls 

I  as  your  next  &  aparant  heir  toke  that  as  mine  own  &  not  as  yours:  well  faire  son  said  the  disease  are 
kyng  (with  a  gret  sigh)  what  right  I  had  to  it  &  how  I  enioied  it  God  knoweth,  wel  qh  the  f/,11"1  °f 
prince  if  you  die  kyng  I  wil  haue  the  garlad  &  trust  to  kepe  it  with  the  swerd  against  all  mine 
enemies  as  you  haue  done:  well  said  the  kyng  I  comit  all  to  God  &  remeber  you  to  do  well, 
and  with  that  turned  himself  in  his  bed  &  shortly  after  departed  to  God,  in  a  chamber  of 
the  abbotesof  Westminster  called  Jerusalem  the.  xx.  day  of  March  in  the  yere  of  our  Lord 
M.  iiii.-C.  xiii.  and  in  the  yere  of  his  age.  xlvi.  when  he  had  reigned,  xiii.  yeres,  v.  monthes  & 
odde  dales  in  muche  perplexitie  and  littel  pleasure,  whose  body  with  all  funerall  pope  was  co- 
ueighed  to  Canterbury,  and  there  solemply  buried,  leuyng  behind  him  by  the  lady  Marie 
daughter  to  lord  Hufrey  erle  of  Hereford  &   Northapton,  Henry  prince  of  Wales,  Tho- 
mas duke  of  Clarece,  Iho  duke  of  Bedford,  Humfrey  duke  of  Glocester,  Blanche  duches 
of  Bauier  &  Philip  Quene  of  Denmarke.  for  by  his  last  wife  Quene  lane  he  had  no  chil- 
dren.    This  kyng  was  of  a  mean  stature,  wel  proporcioned  and  formally  compact,  quicke 
and  deliuer  &  of  as  tout  courage.     After  that  he  had  appeased  all  ciuile  discecions  he  shew 
ed  him  selfe  so  gentely  to  all  men  that  he  gat  him  more  loue  of  the  nobles  in  his  latter  daies 
then  he  had  malice  and  il  will  of  them  in  the  begin  nyng.  When  tidynges  of  his  death  was  re- 
lated to,the  duke  of  Clarence  beyng  in  Aquitayri,  he  with  all  diligent  celeritie  toke  shipwit-h 
therle  of  Angulesme,  and  other  his  hostages  &  returned  into  England  to  the  great  cotbrt 
of  his  brethren. 

The  end  of  the  vnquiet  tyme  of  kyng  Henry  the  fourth. 




Tke.-i.y«e.  T  TEnry  Prince   of  Wales,  sonne  and  heire   to  kyng  Hery  the.  iiii.  borne  at  Monmouth 
A  JL     on  the  lliuer  of  Wye,  after  the  obsequies  of  his  noble  paret  soleply  celebrate  and 
supteously  finished,  toke  vpon  him  the  high  power  £  regiment  of  this  realme  of  Englande 
the  xx.  daie  of  Alarche  in  the  yere  after  that  Christ  our  sauior  had  entered  into  the  immacu- 
late wobe  of  the  holy  Yrirgin  his  naturall  mother  a  thousande  foure  hundred  and.  xii.  and 
«-v  wascrouned  the.  ix.  dale  of  Aprill  then  nextensuyng,  and  proclaimed  kyng  by  the  name  of 
V£f     kyng  Henry  the. filth.     Before  whiche  royall  possession  so  by  hym  obteined,  diuerse  noble 
men  and  honorable  personages  did  to  hym  homage,  liege  and  swaredewe  obeisance  (whiche 
-^>  thyng  had  not  been  before  expjjrimeted)  as  to  hym  in  whom  they  conceiued  a  good  expecta- 
cion  bothe  of  his  verteous  beginnynges  and  also  of  his  fortunat  successe  in  allthynges  whiche 
shoukl  be  attempted  or  begonne  duryng  the  tyrne  of  his  prosperous  reigne  and  fortunate 

THIS  kyng,  this  man  was  he,  whiche  (accordyng  to  the  olde  Prouerbe)  declared  and 
shewed  that  honors  ought  to  change  mariers,  for  incontinent  after  that  he  was  stalled  in  the 
siege  royall,  and  had  receiued  the  croune  and  scepter  of  the  famous  and  fortunate  region, 
determined  with  hymself  to  put  on  the  shape  of  a  new  man,  and  to  vse  another  sorte  of 
liuyng,  turnyng  insolencie  and  wildnes  into  grauitie  and  sobernes,  and  waueryng  vice  into 
constant  vertue.  And  to  thentent  that  he  would  so  continue  without  goyng  backe,  &  not 
thereunto  bee  allured  by  his  familier  copaignions,  with  whom  lie  had  passed  his  young  age 
and  wanton  pastime  &  riotous  misorder  (insomuche  that  for  imprisonmente  of  one  of  his 
wanton  mates  and  vnthriftie  plaifaiers  he  strake  the  chiefe  Justice  with  his  fiste  on  the  face. 
For  whiche  offence  he  was  not  onely  committed  tostreight  prison,  but  also  of  his  father  put 
out  of  the  preuy  counsaill  and  banished  the  courle,  a,nd  his  brother  Thomas  duke  of  Clarence 
elected  president  of  the  kynges  counsaill  to  his  great  displeasure  and  open  reproche)  he 
therfore  banished  and  seperated  fro  hym  all  his  old  flatterers  and  familier  compaignions, 
(not  vnrewarded  nor  yet  vnpreferred)  inhibityng  them  vpon  a  greate  pain  not  once  to  ap- 
procbe  ether  to  his  speche  or  presence,  nor  yet  to  lodge  or  soiourne  within  ten  miles  of 
his  courte  or  mansion.  And  in  their  places  he  elected  and  chose  men  of  grauitee,  men  of 
witte,  and  men  of  high  policy,  by  whose  wise  counsaill  and  prudente  instruction  he  mighte 
at  all  tymes  rule  to  his  honor  and  gouerne  to  his  profite.  This  prince  was  almost  the  Ara- 
bicall  Phenix,  and  emogest  his  predecessors  a  very  Paragon  :  For  that  he  emongest  all  go- 
uernors,  chiefly  did  remembre  that  a  kyng  ought  to  bee  a  ruler  with  wit,  grauitie,  circurn- 
speccion,  diligence  and  constancie,  and  for  that  cause  to  haue  a  rule  to  hym  comitted,  not 
for  an  honor,  but  for  an  pnorarious  charge  and  daily  burden,  and  not  to  looke  so  muche 
on  other  mennes  liuynges,  as  to  consider  and  remembre  his  owne  doynges  and  prOpre  actes. 
For  whiche  cause,  he  not  to  muche  trustyng  to  the  readinesse  of  his  owne  witte,  nor  to  the 
iudgementes  of  his  owne  waueryng  will,  called  to  his  counsaill  suche  pmdent  and  politique 
personages,  -the  whiche  should  not  onely  help  to  ease  his  charge  &  pain  in  s-upportyng  the 
burden  of  his  realme  and  Empire,  but  also  incense  and  instruct  hym  with  suche  good  rea- 
•sons  and  fruitefull  perswasions,  that  he  might  shewe  hymself  a  synguler  mirror  and  manifest 
-example  of  moral  vertues  and  good  qualities  to  his  cornen  people  and  louiog  subiectes.  For 
it  is  daily  seen,  that  a  vicious  prince  doth  muche  more  hurtc  with  his  pernicious  exaple  to 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  47 

other,  then  to  hymself  by  liis  owne  peculier  offence.     For  it  is  not  so  muchc  cuill  as  Cicero 
saicth  (although  it  bee  cuill  in  it  self)  a  prince  to  do  cnill,  as  ho  by  his  cuill  doyngeb  to  cor- 
rupt olhcr,  because  it  is  daily  seen,  that  as  princes  chage,  the  people  altercth,  and  as  kyngcs 
go,  the  subiectes  folovvc.     1'or  certainly  he  that  is  preferred  to  high  autlioritee,  is  therefore 
nuiche  exalted  and  had  in  honor,  that  he  should  rule,  ouerse  and  correct  the  mantrs  and 
codicions  of  the  people,  and  vigilantly  to  forsee  and  daily  study  how  to  acquire  to.iiymself 
lauclc  and  glory,  and  to  other  profile  and  comodite,  and  not  to  delight  in  \vordly  pleasures 
whichc  are  commen  emongest  the  lowest  sorte  of  the  vile  and  rusticall  people.     And  he  that: 
Mill  do  not-hyng  nor  can  do  nothyng  is  more  worthy  to  be  called  a  sernant  then  a  ruler,  £ 
a  subiect  rather  then  a  go«crnor.     For  what  can  bee  more  shame  or  reprociie  to  a  prince, 
then  he  whiche  ought  to  goueme  and  rule  other  shall  by  cowardncs,  slouth  and  ignorance 
as  a  pupille  not  of.  viii.  or.  x.  yercs  of  age,  but  beyng  of.  xx.  or.  xxx.  yores  and  more, 
shalbe  compelled  to  obey  and  folowe  tlie  willes  of  other,  and  be  ruled   and  beare  no  rule, 
'like  a  ward  and  not  like"  a  garde,  like  a  seruant  and  not  like  a  Master.     Suche  a  gouernour 
was  kyngllicharde  the  secondc,  whiche  of  hymself  bcejng  not  of  the  most  euill  disposition,, 
was  not  of  so  symple  a  minde,  nor  of  suchc  debilite  of  witte,  nor  yet  of  so  litle  herte  and  j 
corage,  but  he  might  haue  demaunded  and  learned  good  and  profitable  counsaill,  and  after/ 
aduise  taken,  kept,  retayned  and  folowed  the  same:   But  howsoeuer  it  was,  vnprofitable.; 
counsailers  wer  his  confusion  and  finall  perdicion.     Suche  another  ruler  was  kyng  Edwarde 
the  seconde,  wliiche  two  before  named  kynges  fell  from  the  high  glory  of  fortunes  whelc.1  to 
exstreme  misery  and  miserable  calainittee.     13y  whose  infortunate  chance  (as  I  thynke)  this 
kyng  Henry  beyng  admonished,  expulsed  from  hyin  his  old  plaie  felowes,  his  prcuie  Sico- 
]>hantes  and  viigracious  gard  as  authors  and  procurers  of  al  mischifes  and  .riot,  and  assign- 
ed into  their,  places  men  of  grauitee,  persons  of  actiuitee,  and  counsaillers  of  greate  witte 
and  pollicie. 

AFTER  (hat  he  had  laicd  this  prudent  and  polletique  foundation, . he  erjtendyng  in  his 
mynd  to  do  many  noble  and  notable  actes,  and  remembrynglhat  all  goudnee  Cometh  of  God, 
and  that  all  worldly  thynges  and  humain  Actes  bee  more  weaker  and  poorer  then  the  celestial! 
powers  £  heuenly  rewardcs,  determined  to  begin  with  some  thyng  pleasaunt  and  accepta- 
ble to  God;  Wherefore  he  first  commaunded  the  Clergie  syncerely  and  truly  to  prcache  the 
worde  of  God  and  to  line  after  thesame,-  so  that  they  to  the  ternporaltec  might  be  the  Lan- 
ternes  of  light  and  mirrors  of  vertue.  The  laie  men  he  willed  to  serue  God  and  obey  their 
prince,  prohibityng  to  them  aboue  al  thynges  brechc  of  matrimony  vse  of  sweryng  &  wilful 
penury,  exhortyng  bothc  to  loue  together  as  man  with  wife  or  brother  with  brother.  Be- 
side this  he  elected  the  best  learned  men  ia  the  lawcs  of  the  realme  to  the  offices  of  iuslice, 
and  men  of  good  liuyng  he  preferred  to  high  degrees  and  authoritec. 

THE  madnes  of  the  Welshemen  and  Scottes  (whose  often  incursions  and  robberies  he  • 
\vel  had  in    his  fathers  daies  experimented  and  assaied)  he  studied  to   asuage  and  re- 
presse,  to  the  intent  that  he  beeyng  quiet  in  his  o-wne  regions,  might  ether  make  outward 
warre  without  doubte  or  dangier,  or  els  for  the  commen  wealth  of  his  realme.  to  study  haw. 
to  encreace  the  glory  of  his  seigniory,  &  so  both  kepe  £  conseruc  it. 

WHEN  all  thynges  were  thus  settled  and  framed  to.  his  purpose,  .he  caused  , the  body  of 
kyng  Richard  the  second  to  be  remoucd  witliall  funerall  pompes  conueniente  for  his  estate, , 
from  Langely  to  Westminster,  where  he  was  honorably  enterred  with  Quene  Anne  his  firste 
wife  in  a  solempne  toumbe  erected  and  -set  vp  at  the  costes  and  charges  of  this  noble  prince 
kyng  Henry. 

ALTHOUGH  this  prudente  prince  and  this  pollitique  gouernor  had  set  and  established 
all  thynges  beyng  in  difference  and  variaunce  within  his  owne  peculier  realmes,  countrees 
and  territories  and  confines  of  thesame:  yet  he  nothyng  lesse  forgetting  nor  no  one  thyng 
more  myndyng  or  desiring,  then  theceassyng  of  the  long  scisme  and  deuision  sproi>g.£  con- 
tinued in  the  catholike  churche  of  Christian  religion  by  the  moste  ambicious  desire  and 
auaricious  appetite  of  certaine  persones  callyng  tlicmselfes  spiritual!  fathers,  but  in 


48  TIJE.  L  YERE  OF 


carnall  couclcotirs  and  grcdy  glottos  aspiryng  for  honor  and  not  for  vertue  to  the  proad 
see  of  Rome,  desiryng  more  to  pille  then  to  profile  Christes  flocke  or  Christian  religion, 
hauyug  knowledge  tlial  a  general!  counsaill  was  somoned  to  bee  celebrate  and  kept  at  the 
fa  ire  citee  of  Constance  vpon  tiie  riuer  of  Ryne,  thought  that  it  was  not  his  honor  nor  yet 
his  duetie,  beyng  thereof  warned  bv  the  Emperor  Sigismond  to  bee  as  a  hearer  and  no  par- 
taker in  so  high  a  ca.use,  and  in  especiall  in  so  high  an  assemble.  Wherefore  he  sent  the- 
-ther  Richard  erle  of  Warwike  and  three  bishoppes  with  other  famous  prelates  and  doctors, 
besides  knightes  &  esquires  to  the  numbre  of  eight  hundred  horsses.  They  wer  men  so  well 
appareled  and  their  horsses  so  richely  trapped,  and  all  the  compaignie  so  well  furnished, 
that  the  Almaines  wondred,  the  Italians  gased,  and  all  other  nacions  were  astonnied  to  se 
suche  an  honorable  compaignie  come  from  a  countree  so  farre  distant.  At  this  Sinody  were 
assembled  (as  one  authore  writeth)  CCC.xlvj.  bishoppes,  Abbottes  and  doctors  v.  C.lxiiij. 
noble  men,  knightes  and  esquires,  xvj.  M.  beside  seruantes  whiche  (not  accomptyng  the 
townes  men)  wer  numbred.  ixv.  M.  persones.  These  Ambassadours  were  highly  receiued 
of  the  Emperor  Sygismond  and  of  the  Romishe  bishop  called  Ihon  the.  xxiij.  whiche  in 
thesame  counsuill  for  greate  and  abhominable  crimes  and  detestable  offenses  by  hyni  perpe- 
trated andcomrtted  (of  the  whiche  he  could  not  pourge  hymself  nor  make  any  defence)  was 
by  thesame  Sinody  accordyng  to  the  demerites  put  doune  and  of  his  estate  depriued.  Grego- 
ry the.  xij.  was  one  of  the  Scismatical  numbre,  fearyng  shame  more  then  regardyng  his 
wordly  afleccion  did  putte  doune  hymself  of  his  ovvne  propre  mocion  from  his  foolishe  vsurp- 
ed  name  and  Fopishe  dignitee.  But  Benedict  the.  xiii.  still  and  stifly  affirmyng  hymself  to 
be  the  very  Viker  of  God,  so  muche  desired  honor,  and  so  muche  was  wrapped  in  his 
owne  folishe  and  fantastical  opinion,  that  no  frend  could  persuade  hym,  nor  argumet  entice 
hyrn,  nor  no  reason  refrain  hym  from  thesame,  and  so  accordyng  to  his  desert  by  open  Judge- 
ment, against  his  wil,  lost  bothe  name  and  honestie.  And  thre  yeres  after  Otho  Columbe 
a  noble  Romainc  borne  was  elected  to  the  bishopricke  of  Rome  and  named  Martyne  the 

i  IN  this  cousaill  Ihon  WiclifFe  borne  in  England,  and  Ihon  Husse  and  Iherom  of  Prage 
Wer  condemned  to  death.  Duryng  this  firste  yere,  sir  Ihon  Old  Castle,  whiche  by  his 
wife  was  called  lorde  Cobhatn,  a  valiant  capitain  and  an  hardy  gentleman,  was  accused  to 
the  Archbishop  of  Cauntorbury  of  certain  poynctes  of  heresy.  Whiche  bishoppe  knowyng 
hym  to  be  highly  in  the  kynges  fauor,  declared  to  his  highnes  the  whole  accusacio. 
The  kvng  first  hauing  compassion  of  the  noble  man,  required  the  prelates  that  if  he 
were  a  straied  shepe,  rather  by  gentlenes  then  by  rigoure  to  reduce  hym  to  his  old 
flocke.  After  that  he  sendyng  for  hym,  godly  exhorted  and  louyngly  admonished  hym 
to  reconcile  hymself  to  God  and  his  lawes.  The  lorde  Cobham  not  onely  thanked 
the  kyng  of  his  moste  fauourable  clemencye,  but  also  declared  firste  to  hym  by  mouthe 
and  afterwardc  by  writyng  the  foundacion  of  his  faith,  the  ground  of  his  belefe  and 
the  botome  of  his  stomacke,  affirmyng  his  grace  to  be  his  supreme  hed  and  competent  iudge 
&  none  other  persone,  oiFeryng  an  hundred  knightes  and  esquires  to  come  to  his  purgatio, 
or  els  to  fight  in  open  listcs  with  his  accusers.  The  kyng  not  onely  knowing  the  lawes  of  the 
reame,  but  also  persuaded  by  his  counsaill,  that  hereticall  accusacions  ought  to  be  tried  by 
the  spiritual  prelates,  sente  hym  to  the  tower  of  London  there  to  abide  the  determination  of 
the  clergie  according  to  the  statutes  in  and  for  that  cace  prouided.  After  whiche  tyine  the. 
xxiij.  daie  of  Septembre,  a  solempne  session  was  appoincted  in  the  Cathedrall  churche  of 
sainct  Paule,  and  another  the.  xxv.  da  of  the  said  moneth  in  the  hal  of  the  Friers  prechers 
in  London,  in  whiche  places  thesaid  lorde  was  examined,  apposed  and  fully  heard,  &  in  con- 
clusion by  the  archbishop  denounced  an  hereticke  and  so  remitted  again  to  the  toure  of  Lon- 
don :  Fro  whiche  place,  ether  by  help  of  frendes  or  corrupcion  of  kepers,  he  priuely 
escaped  and  cam  into  Wales,  where  he  remained  by  the  space  of  thre  yeres  and  more. 

AFTER  this  tyme  in  a  certain  vnlawfull  assemble  was  taken  sir  Robert  Acton  knight,  a 
man  of  greate  wit  9c  possessions,  Ihon  Broune  Esquire,  Ihon  Beuerly  clerke  and  a  greate 



mimbre  of  other  whiche  were  brought  to  the  kynges  presence,  and  to  hym  declared  the 
cause  of  their  commocion  and  risyng :  and  accusynga  greate  nubre  of  tlieir  sort  and  societie 
(_ \vhiche-cofessio  because  I  haue  not  seen,  I  leaue  at  large.)  After  this  folishe  acte,  so  many 
pcrsoncs  \vere  apprehended  that  all  the  prisons  in  and  about  London  wer  replenished  with' 
people.  The  chief  of  them  whiche  wer.  xxix.  wer  condempned  by  the  clergie  of  heresy, 
and  attainted  of  high  treason  as  mouers  of  warre  against  their  kyng  by  the  temporal  lave  in 
the  Gnyld  hall  the.  xii.  daie  of  December,  and  adjudged  for  treason  to  be  dra\vcn  and 
hanged,  and  for  heresy  to  be  consumed  with  lire  gallowes  and  all:  Which  iudgemente  was 
executed  in  laniuerfolowyng  on  thesaied  Robert  Acton  and  the.  xxviij.  other. 

SOME  sale  that  the  occasion  of  their  death  was  the  conueighance  of  the  Lorde  Cobham 
out  of  prisone.  Other  write  that  it  was  bothe  fbr  treason  and  heresy  as  the  record  declareth. 
Certain^  affinne  that  it  was  for  feined  causes  surmised  by  the  spiritualtie  more  of  displea- 
sourthen  truth:  the  Judgement  whereof  I  leaue  to  men  indifferent.  For  surely  all  coniec- 
tures  be  not  true,  nor  all  writynges  are  not  the  Gospell,  &  therefore  because  I  was  nether 
a  witnes  of  the  iacte,  nor  present  at  the  deede  I  ouerpasse  that  matter  and  begin  another, 


KYng  Henry  cotinuatly  studiyng  for  the  honor  of  hymself  and    aduancement  of  his  The-  * 
people,  called  his  high  courte  of  parliament  the  last  daie  of  April  in  the  touire  of  Leicester  y< 
In  the  whiche  parliamente  many  profitable  lawes  were  concluded:  and  many  peticions 
moued  wer  for  that  tyrne  deferred     Emongest  whiche  requestes*  one  was,  ttmt  a  bill  exhi- 
bited m  the  parliamente  holden  at  Westminster  in  the.  xj.  yere  of  kyng  Henry  the  fourth 
(whiche  by  reason  that  the  kyng  was  then  vexed  and  troubled  with  ciuill  deuision  &  domes- 
ticall  dissencion,  came  to  none  effect)  might  now  bee  well  studied,  pondered;  regarded  and 
brought  to  some  good  conclusion.     The  effect  of  whiche  supplicacion-was,  that  the   tempo- 
lalllandesdeuoutely  gcaen,  and  disordinatly  spent  by  religious  and  other  spiritual  I  persones^ 
might  suffise    to  maintain-  to   the  honor    of  the  kyng   and   defence  of    the  realme,  xv. 
erles,  xv.C.  knightes,.  vj.M.  ii.C.  esquires,  and.  C.  almose  houses  for  relief  onely  of  the  poore 
impotente  and  nedy  persones,  and  the  kyng  to  haue  elerely  to  his  cofers  twentie  thousande 
poundes,  with,  many  other  prouisions  and  valewes  of  religioushouses  whiche  I  oueipa.sse. 

THIS  before  remembred  bill  was  muche  noted  and  feared  emogest  the  religious  sort 
whom  in  effect  it  muche  touched)  uisomnche  that  the  fat  Abbotes  SAvet,  the  proude  Priors 
frouned,  the  poore  Friers  curssed  thesely  Nonnes  wept,  and  al  together  wer  nothyng- pleas- 
ed nor  yet  cotent.     Now  to  nndea  remedy  for  a  mischief  and  a  tent  to  stop  a -wounde,  the 
Clergy  myndyng  rather  to-bowe  then  breake,  agreed  to  offre  to  the  kyng  a  greate  some  of  nio-- 
ney  to  staye  this  newe  moued  demaund.     The  cause  of  this  offre  seined  to  some  of  the  wise- 
prelates  nether  decente  nor  c.onuenient,  for  they  wellforsawe  and  f)erfightly  kne«e  that  if 
the  commos  perceiued  that  thei  by  reward  or  offre  of  money  would  resist  their  request  & 
petiekm,  that  thei  stirred  &  moued  with  a  fury  woold  not  onely  rayle  and  despise  theim  as 
corruptours  of  Princes  and  enemies  of  the  publique  wealthe,  but  would  so  crye  and  caH  on- 
the  kyng  and  histemporall  lordes  that  they  were  liketo  lese  bothe  worke  and  oyle,  cost  and;- 
linyng:  Wherefore  they  determined  to  cast  all  chaunces  whiche  mighte  serue  their  purpose, 
&  in  especiall  to  replenishe  the  kynges  brayne  with  some  pleasante  study  that  he  should  ne-- 
ther  phantasy  nor  regard  the  serious  peticion  of  the  importunate  commons. 

WHERFORE  on  a  daie  when  the  kyng  was  present  in  the  parliament,  Henry  Cbicheley 
Archebishop  of  Cautorbury  thereto  newly  preferred,  whiche  beforetime  had  been  a-Monke 
of  the  Carthusians,  a  ma  whiche  had  professed  vvilfull  pouertie  in  religion,  and  yet  commyng 
abrode  muche  desired  honor,  &  a  man  muche  regardyng  Godes  law,  but;morc  louyng  liis 
his  owne  lucre.  After  lowe  obeysaunce  made  to  the  kyng  he  said  after  this  maaer  in  effect. 


$0  THE.  II.  YERE  OF 

Why  I  consider  pur  most  entirely  beloued  and  no  lesse  drad  soueraigne  lorde  and  naturall 
Prince,  the  louyng  mynd,  the  daily  labor  and  continuall  study  whiclie  you  incessantly  im- 

-  pjore  bothc  for  thaduancetnct  of  the  honor  of  your  realme  and  also  profile  of  your  people: 
1  cannot  nor  ought  not,  except  I  would  bee  noted  not  onely  ingrate  to  your  royall  person 
bcyng  my  patrone  &  preferrer,  but  also  a  neglecter  of  my  dutye,  a  secrete  mummer  of  suche 
thynges  whiche  louche  both  the  inheritance  of  your  croune  &  the  honor  of  your  realme  ether 
holdc  my  peace  or  kcpe  silence.  For  all  authors  agree  that  the  glory  of  kynges  consistelh 
not  onely  in  high  bloud  and  haute  progeny,  not  in  habounclant  riches  and  superfluous  sub- 
staunce,  nor  in  plesant  pastyme  and  ioyous  solace:  But  the  very  tipe  of  the  magnificence 
of  a  prince  rcsteth  in  populous  riche  regions,  wealthy  subiectes  and  beautiful!  citees  and  tounes, 
of  the  whiche  thanked  be  God,  although  you  be  coueniently  furnished  both  within  your 
realmcs  of  England  &  Ireland  and  principalite  of  Wales,  yet  by  lineal  discet,  by  progeny 
of  blud  and  by  very  inheritance,  not  onely  the  duchy  of  Normandy  and  Aquitaine  with  the 
counties  of  Aniowe  and  Mayne  and  the  countrei  of  Gascoynare  to  you  as  true  and  vndubi- 
tate  heir  of  the  same  laufully  deuoluted  and  lineally  disc-ended  from  the  high  and  most  noble 
prince  of  famous  memory  kyng  Edward  the  third  your  great  grandfather,  but  also  the  whole 
realme  of  Fraunce  with  all  his  prerogatiucs  and  preheminences,  to  you  as  heire  to  your 
great  grandfather  is  of  right  belongyng  and  apperteiguyng.  In  whiche  realme,  to  reherse 
what  noble  persons,  what  beautifull  cities,  what  fertile,  regions,  what  substancial  marchates, 
and  what  plentifull  riuers  are  conteigned  and  included,  I  assure  you  that  time  should  rather 
faile  then  matter  shoulde  wax  skant.  The  fraudulent  Frenchmen  to  defraude  and  take  away 
vour  ryght  and  title  to  the  realme  of  Fraunce,  in  the  lime  of  your  noble  progenitor  king  Ed- 
ward the  third,  alledged  a  lawe,  vntruly  faincd,  falcely  glosed  and  Sophistically  expounded, 
wherof  the  very  wordes  are  these,  In  terrain  salicam  mulieres  nesuccedant,  which  is  to  say, 

e  let  not  women  succcde  in  the  land*Salicque.    This  land  Salicque  the  deceitful  glosers  name 
to  be  the  realme  of  Fraunce.     This  lawe  the  Logical!  interpretours  assigne  to  directe  the 
croune  and  regalitie  of  the  same  region,  as  who  wold  say  that  to  that  preheminence  no  woman 
were  liable, to  aspire,  nor  no  heire  Female  was  worthy  to  inherile.     The  French  writers  af- 
firm that  Pharamond  kyng  of  the  Frenche  Gaules,  first  instituted  this  lawe  which  neuer  was, 
should  or  might  be  broken.  Seenowe  howe  an  euell  gloseconfoundeth  the  text,  and  a  perci- 
all  interprctour  marreth  the  sentence,  for  first  it  is  apparantly  knowen  and  by  an  hudred 
writers  confirmed  that  Pharamond  whom  they  alledge  to  be  aucthour  of  ihis  lawe  was  duke  of 
Franconia  in  Germany,  and  elecled  lo  be  kyng  of  the  Sicambres,  whiche  callyng  them  selfes 
Frenchmen  had  gotten  parte  of  the   Gaule  Celtike  betwene  the  riuers  of  Marne  and  Seyn. 
This  Pharamond  disceased  in  the  yere  of  our  Lord.  iiii.  C.  &  xxvi.  long  after  whose  death, 
Charles  the  great  beyng  Emperoure  and  many  yeres  inakyng  war  re  on  the  Saxons  dyd  in 
bluddy  battaile  disperse  and  confounde  the  whole  puissance  of  that  nacion  in  the  yere  of 
our  Lord  viii.  C  and  flue,  and  broughte  theim  to  the  catholique  faith  and  Christian  confor- 
mitie.     Alter  which  victory  certaine  souldiers  as  the  Frenche  Cronographiers  affirm,   passed 
ouer  the  water  of  Sala  and  there  inhabited,  betwene  the  riuers  ot  Elue  and  Sala,  and  wer 
commonlv  called  Sali  Frenchemen  or  Sali   Gaules,  whiche  countrey  nowe  is  the  lande  of 
Mismie.    This  people  had  suche  displeasure  at  the  vnhonest  fashions  of  the  Germain  women, 
that  they  made  a  law  that  the  Females  shuld  not  succede  to  any  inheritance  within  that  land. 
NOWE  with  indifferent  eares  if  you  wyll  note  these  two  pointes  you  shall  easily  perceiue 
that  the  lawe  Salicque  was  only  fained  and  inuented  to  put  your  noble  progenitours  and  you 
iroivi  your  lawfull  ryght  and  true  inheritaunce.     For  they  saie  that  Pharamond  made  the 
lawe  for  the  land  Salicque,  whiche  the  glose  called)  Fraunce.     Then  I  demaunde  of  master 
Closer  or  rather  master  Doctor  commenter,  yf  I  may  call  a  commenter  an  open  Her,  whe- 
ther Pharamond*  whiche  died  iiii.  C.  xxi  yeres  before  the  Frenchemen  possessed  the  Gaule 
Salicque  and  neuer  sawe  or  knewe  it,  made  a  lawe  of  thatthyng  whiche  at  that  tyme  was 
not  his  nor  inhabited  by  his  people.     Beside  this,  the  realme  of  Fraunce  whiche  is  your  pa- 
trimony is  compact  of.  Hi.  Gaules  Belgiquc,  Celtique  and  Aquitain,  and  no  part  of  Salicque: 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  g\ 

then  may  the  gloser  expounde  aswell  thatGaule  Belgiqtie  is  the  countrey  of  Brytain,  as  to 
glose  that  the  lande  Salicque  is  the  whole  realme  and  dominion  of  the  croune  of  Fraunce. 
Wonder  it  is  to  see  how  the  Frenchmen  luggle  with  this  phantastical  lawe,  folowyng  the 
crafty  hasarders  whiche  vse  a  plaie  called  seest  thou  me  or  seest  thou  me  not.     For  whe 
kyng  Pepyu  whiche  was  Duke  of  Brabante  by  his  mother  Begga,  and  master  of  the  palayce 
of  Fraunce  coueted  the  croune  and  scepter  of  the  realme,  the  Frenche  nacion  not  remebryng 
this  infringible  law,  deposed  Childeryck  the.  iii.  the  very  heyre  male  and  vndoubted  childe 
of  the  line  of  Pharamond  and  Clouis  kynges  of  Fraunce  by  the  cousail  of  Zachary  then  Bi- 
shop of  Home,  and  set  vp  in  trone  this  Pepyn  as  nexte  heire  gcnerall  discended  of  lady 
Blithyld  doughter  to  kyug  Clothayre  the  first.     Hugh  Capet  also  whiche  vsurped  the  croune 
without  right  or  reason  on  Charles  duke  of  Lorayne  the  sole  heire  male  of  the  line  and  stocke 
of  Charles  the  greate,  after  that  he  had  shamefully  murthered  and  in  pitifull  prison  by  the 
procurement  of  the  Bishop  of  Orleauuce  destroied  the  said  Charles,  to  make  his  title  seme 
true  and  aperegood,  wherein  dede  it  was  bothe  euell  and  vntrue,  to  blynd  the  opinions  of 
the  common  people  and  to  set  a  glasse  before  their  eics,  cdueighed  him  selfe  as  heire  to 
the  lady  Lvngard  doughter  to  the  kyng  Charlemaine  sonnc  to  Lewes  the  Emperor  which  was 
sonne  to  Charles  the  great  kyng  of  Fraunce.    Kyng  Lewes  also  the  ninth  whome  the  Frenche- 
men  call  Sainct  Lewes  beyng  very  heire  to  the  saied  vsurper  Hugh  Capet,  coulde  neuer  be  sa- 
tisfied in  his  conscience  how  he  might  iustely  kepe  and  possesse  the  croune  &  regalitie  of  the 
realme  of  Frauce  tyll  he  was  perswaded  and  fully  instructed  that  Quene  Isabell  his  graundmo- 
ther  was  lineally  discended  of  Lady  Ermengard  daughter  and  heire  to  the  aboue  named 
Charles  duke  of  Lorayn,  by  the  forcsaid  Hugh  Capet  of  life  and  realme  wrongfully  depriued: 
by  the  which  manage  the  bludde  and  line  of  kyng  Charles  the  great  was  againe  vnited  and 
restored  to  the  Croune  and   Scepter"  of  Fraunce,  so  that  it  more  clearer  than  the  sonne, 
openly  appeareth  the  title  of  Kyng  Pepyn,  the  claime  of  Hugh  Capet,  the  possession  of 
kyng  Lewes,  ye  and  of  all  the  French   kynges  to  this  day,  are  deriued,  claymed  and  con- 
ueighed  from  the  heire  Female  and  yet  they  would  barre  you  as  though  your  great  graund- 
mother  had  bene  no  wotna.n  nor  heire  female,  but  a  painted  Image  or  fained  shadowe.     If 
so  many  examples,  if  suche  copie  of  presydentes  collected  out  of  your  owne  histories  and  ga- 
thered oute  of  your  owne  writers  suffice  not  to  confounde  your  simple  Salicque  lawe  inuented 
by  false  fablers  and   crafty  imaginers  of  you  fablyng  Freeh  menne,  then  here  what  God 
saieth  in  the  book  of  Numeri.     When  a  man  dieth  without  a  sonne  let  the  inheritance  diseend 
to  the  daughter:  If  your  princes  call  them  selfes  most  Christian  kynges  let  theim  folowe  the 
lawe  of  God  before  the  lawe  of  the  Painym  Pharamond.     Are  not  all  lawes  discrepant  from 
Goddes  lawes euel,  and  to  al  Christen  eares odious  and  noisome:  are  Frenche  women  dyscen- 
ded  of  the  blud  roial  no  Christians,  and  not  wortlrye  to  inhcrite  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce?    Is 
the  realme  of  Fraunce  more  noble  then  the  kyngclome  of  ludaof  whom  Christ  discended  by 
a  womas?   When  God  sayed  to  Abraham  that  in  one  of  his  sede  al  nacions  shnld  be  blessed, 
how  came  Christ  of  the  seede  of  Abraham  but  onely  by  that  immaculate  Virgin  his  glorious 
mother?  Likewise,  when  the  Prophet  Michee  said,  thou  tribe  of  luda  art  not  the  leaste  of 
estimacion  emongest  the  Princes  of  luda,  for  oute  of  the  shall  come  a  capitayne  whiche 
shall  rule  and  direct  my  people  of  Israel.     Howe  discended   Christ  from  the  rote  of  lesse, 
and  howe  was  he  duke  and  capitain  of  the  Israelites,  and  how  discended  he  of  the  line  of 
Dauid:   But  onely  by  his  mother  a  pure  virgin  and  a  marled  wife.  Beholde,  by  Goddes  lawe, 
women  shall  inherite  Behold  in  Fraunce,  Frenchemen  haue  inherited  by   the  onely  line  of 
the  women,  and  yet  Englishmen  be  prohibited  to  claime  by  the  heyre   Female  contrary 
to  the  lawe  of  God  and  man.    Wherfore  regarde  well  mysoueraigne  Lord  your  iust  and  true 
title  to  the  realme  of  France,  by  Goddes  lawe  and  mannes  lawe  to  you  lawfully  diuoluted  as 
very  heire  to  Quene  Isabell  your  great  graundmother  daughter  to  kyng  Philip  the  faire  and 
suster  and  heir  to.  iii.  kynges  disceasyng  without  any  issue.-    Whiche  inheritance  of  the 
woman  is  declared  to  be  iuste  by  the  Mosaicall  lawe  and  vsed  and  approued  by  the  Galilean 
discent  as  J  haue  before  declared.     Therefore  for  Goddes  sake  leese  not  youre  patrimony, 

II  2  disherite 

5<2  THE.  II.  YI-UIE  OF 

-disherite  net  your  lie'ires,  dishonour  not  your  sclfe,  diminishc  not 'your  title,  which  your 
.noble  progenitors  so  highly  haue  cstemed.  Wherfore  auaunce  forth  your  banner,  fight  for 
your  ryghte,  conqticre  your  inheritaunce,  spare  not  swerde  blud  or  fire,  your  warrc  is  iuste, 
your  cause  is  good,  and  your  claim  true:  and  therfore  courageously  set  forward  your  warre 
against  your  enemies.  And  to  the  entent  that  we  your  louyng  chapleins  and  obedient  sub- 
iectes  of  the  spirituakie  would  shewe  ou>rsclfes  willyng  and  desiryng  to  aide  you  for  the  reco- 
uery  of  your  auncient  right  and  true  title  to  the  croune  of  France,  we  haue  in  our  spirituall 
eonuocacion  gra-unted  to  yourhighnes  suche  a  some  of  money  as  neuer  by  no  spiritual  per- 
sons was  to  any  prince  before  your  daies  geuen  or  aduanced,  beside  our  daily  praiers  and 
continual  precacions  to  God  and  his  saintes  for  prosperus  succcsse  to  ensue  in  your  merciall 
exploite  and  roiail  passage.  When  tire  Archebishop  had  finished  his  prepared  purpose, 
Jlanlfe  Fa'lc  of  Westmerland,  a  man  of  no  lesse  grauitie  then  experience,  and  of  no  more 
experience  than  stomack,  whichc  was  then  high  AV'arden  of  the  marches  toward  Scotland,  and 
therfore  thinkyng  that  y!  the  king  shuld  passe  ouer  into  Fraunce  with  his  whole  puissaunce, 
that  his  power  should  be  to  wcake  to  withstand  the  strength  of  Scotland  if  they  shuld  inuade 
duryng  the  kyngcs  absence.  AVherfore  he  rose  vp,  &  makyng  his  obcysance  to  the  kyng  sayd. 
The  Oracis  SUltELV  sir,  as  my  Lord  Canterbury  hath  clerkely  declared,  the  conquest  of  Fran  nee 
crip  of  *  -is  very  honorable,  and  when  it  is  gotten  and  obteigned  very  profitable  and  pleasant :  I3nt 
vmtmer.  sauyng  your  graces  reformacion,  1  say  awl  aifirme  that  to  conquere  Scotland  is  more  neces- 
sary, more  aparante  easie,  and  more  profitable  to  this  realme  then  is  the  gaine  of  Fraunce, 
For  althoughe  I  am  not  so  well  learned  as  my  lord  Archbishop  is,  nor  haue  not  preceded  to 
degre  in  the  Vniuersitie,  yet  I  haue  red,  and  heard  great  clarckcs  say,  that  strengthe  knitte 
and  combined  together  is  of  more  force  and  efficacie  then  when  it  is  seuered  and  dispersed. 
As  for  an  example,  sprinkle  a  vessel  of  water  and  it  mouteth  not,  but  cast  it  out  wholy 
together  and  it  bothe  washeth  and  norisheth.  This  notable  saiyng  before  this  time  hath  en- 
coraged  Emperors,  animated  kynges  and  allured  princes  to  conquere  realmes  to  them  ad- 
jovnyng,  to  vanquishe  nacions  to  their  dominions  adiacent,  and  to  subdewe  people  either  neccs  • 
sary  for  their  purpose,  or  beyng  to  them  daily  enemies  or  continual!  aduersaries.  For  profe 
\vherof,  bcholde  what  was  the  chefe  cause  and  occasion  why  rulers  and  goucrnors  so  sore 
laboured,  tliirsted  and  couetcd  to  bryng  al  regions  to  them  adioinyng  into  one  rule  or  Mo- 
narchy? Was  it  not  done  to  tins  entent  that  the  conquerors  might  haue  the  only  power 
&  entier  gubernacion  of  all  the  laudes  and  people  within  their  climate,  and  gouerne  the  in 
time  of  peace  and  also  haue  their  aide  in  time  of  war?  AVhiche  monarchic  was  of  that  ma- 
icstie  and  estimacion  in  the  world,  that  no  other  forein  prince  or  exterior  potentate  ether 
had  audacitie  or  was  able  to  altempte  any  thyng  within  the  territory  or  region  of  the  monar- 
chial  pri'ice  and  adourned  kyng-  Let  the  kyngdorne  of  the  assiriens  be  your  example,  and 
it  that  suflise  not,  then  loke  on  the  Pcrcians,  after  on  the  Grekes  and  lastly  on  the  Romanies, 
uhiche  euer  desired  and  coueted  more  to  haue  the  littel  Isle  of  Scicile,  the  territory  of  the 
Nnmidians  and  the  mean  Citie  of  the  Samnites  beyng  daiely  within  their  kennyng  and  smell, 
rather  then  to  obtein  populous  Gaule,  plenteous  Pannony,  or  manly  Macedony  liyng  farre 
from  sight  and  out  of  their  circle  or  compasse.  This  desire  scmeth  to  rise  of  a  great  pru- 
dent and  vigilante  policy,  for  as  a  prince  is  of  more  puissaunce  when  his  countreis  ioyne,  so 
is  he  of  more  strength  when  his  power  is  at  hande.  And  as  men  lackyng  comforte  be  more 
releued  by  frendeswhiche  be  presente,  then  by  kinsfolke  duellyng  in  forein  cou treys  and  regions 
farre  of.  So  princes  haue  commonly  coueted  and  euer  desired  to  se  and  beholde  their  do- 
minions liyng  nere  about  them,  rather  then  to  here  by  reporte  from  the  countreis  farre  dis- 
tant from  them.  If  this  hath  bene  the  pollccy  of  conquerours,  thappetite  of  purchasers 
and  the  study  of  gouerners,  why  doth  your  grace  desire  Fraunce  before  Scotland*:,  or  couet 
a  countrey  farre  from  your  sight,  before  a  realme  vnder  your  nose?  Do  you  not  remember 
how  the  hole  Isle  of  Hritain  was  one  entier  Monarchi  in  the  time  of  your  noble  auncetor 
Kyng  Brute  first  kyng  and  ruler  of  your  famous  Empire  and  glorious  region:  whiche  deuid- 
yng  his  rehue  to  his  thre  sonnes  gaue  to  Lothryne  his  eldest  sonne  that  part  of  Britain  that 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V,  53 

your  highnes  now  enioyeth,  and  to  Aibanact  his  second  sonne  lie  gaue  the  countrey  of  Alba- 
ny nowe  called  Scotland,  and  to  Camber  his  third  sonr.c  he  gaue  the  countrey  of  Cambria 
nowe  called  Wales:  reseruyng  alwaies  to  him  &  his  heires  homage,  lege  and  Veaultie  loiull 
for  the  same  countreis  and  dominions.  By  tliis  deuisio,  the  glory  of  the  monarchic  of  Bn- 
taytie  was  clerely  defaced,  by  this  separacion  the  strength  of  the  Britishc  kynges  was  sore 
diminished,  by  this  dispersion  intestine  war  began,  and  Ciuil  rebellion  sprange  first  within 
this  region.  For  while  all  was  vnder  one,  no  nacion  durste  either  once  iauade  or  alternate 
warre  against  the  Britons:  but  when  the  land  was  once  deuided  and  the  monarchic  vndone, 
outward  enemitie  or  foreyn  hostylilie  not  halie  so  muche  infested,  greued  or  troubled  the 
valiaunt  Brittons  as  their  owne  neighboures  discended  of  one  parent,  and  come  of  one  pro- 
geny. For  the  Albanactes  otherwise  called  the  false  fraudulet  Scottes,  and  the  Cambers 
otherwise  called  the  vnstable  Welshemen,  did  not  alonly  withdrawe  their  fealtie,  denie  their 
homage,  and  refuse  their  allegiance  due  to  the  kynges  of  this  realme,  bnt  also  made  con- 
tinuall  warre  and  destroied  their  tounes  and  slewe  the  people  of  their  neyghboures  and  Bri- 
tons. For  whiche  cause  diuerse  of  your  noble  progcnitoures  haue  not  onely  made  warre  and 
subdewed  the  Scottes  for  the  deniyng  of  their  homage  and  surryng  of  rebellion,  but  also 
haue  deposed  their  kynges  £  princes,  and  erected  and  set  vp  other  in  their  estates  and  dig- 
aiities.  Sealer  kyng  of  Scottes,  for  his  rebellion  was  by  Dunwallo  iUolnncius  your  noble 
predecessor  slayn  and  extincted.  Kyng  Arthure  also  the  Glory  of  the  Brittons  erected  An- 
gosile  to  the  scepter  of  Scotland  and  receaued  of  hym  homage  and  fealtie.  Yf  I  shuld  re- 
hearse how  many  kynges  of  Scotland  haue  done  homage  to  your  auncient  predecessors,  or 
reherse  howe  many  Scottishe  kynges  they  haue  corrected  and  punished  for  their  disobedience 
and  deniyng  of  homage,  or  declare  what  kynges  they  as  superior  lordes  and  high  Empe- 
roures  ouer  the  vnderkinges  of  Scotland,  haue  elected  &  made  rulers,  to  thetent  that  all 
people  might  manifestly  perceiue  that  it  was  more  glorious,  more  honourable  and  more  fa- 
mous to  a  Kyng  to  make  a  Kyng  then  to  be  a  kyng  by  natural  discent,  1  assure  you,  your 
eares  would  be  more  wery  of  hcryng,  then  my  tounge  woulde  be  fatigate  with  open  truth 
tellyng.  Your  noble  progenitour  kyng  Edward  the  iirste  couelyng  to  be  superior  and  to 
surmount  in  honour,  or  at  the  least  to  be  equiuolent  in  fame  with  his  noble  ancestours  and 
famous  progenitors,  daily  studied  and  hourely  compassed  howe  to  bryng  the  whole  Isle  of 
Briteygne  whiche  by  Brute  was  deuided  into  thre  partes  into  one  monarchy  and  one  domi- 
nion. After  longe  studie  and  greate  consultacion  had,  he  subdewed  Wales,  and  tamed  the 
wylde  people  and  broughte  that  vnruly  parte  to  his  olde  home  and  aunciente  degree,  whiche 
thyng  done  he  likewise  inuaded  Scotlande  and  conquered  the  countreye  to  the  towne  of  Per- 
ciie  called  Saincte  Ilions  towne  standyng  on  the  rincr  of  Tay,  whiche  he  walled,  diched  and  for- 
teiied,  rulyng  that  part  with  Englishe  lawes,  Englishe  cnstomes  and  by  Englishe  ludges,  and 
was  almoste  at  a  poynte  thereof  to  haue  made  a  pertighte  conqueste  and  a  complete  Mo- 
narchic. But  Oh  Lorde,  hasty  deathe  whiche  maketh  an  ende  of  all  mortall  creatures,  so- 
deynly  berefte  hym  of  his  life  and  toke  awaie  his  spirite,  and  so  all  thynges  whiche  he  had 
deuised,  whiche  he  had  yrnagined  and  seriously  pretended,  the  small  momente  of  an  houre 
turned  vpside  doune  and  sodainly  subuerted.  Sith  whose  deathe  your  greate  Graundfather, 
ye  and  your  noble  father  haue  attempted  to  bryng  that  runnegate  region  into  his  auncient 
course  and  former  line,  as  a  thyng  both  necessary,  comieniente  and  mete'  to  bee  ioyned  and 
vnited  to  this  realme,  and  so  not  only  to  reuiue  the  old  empire  "and  famous  Monarchye,  but 
also  to  vnitc  and  cobine  that  vertue  and  stregtu  which  from  the  tymc  of  Brute  was  dispersed 
and  seuered,  in  one  body,  in  one  hed  and  one  corporation.  Wherfore,  if  to  your  high 
wisedome  it  seemeth  not  necessary  ta kyng  this  terme  necessary  for  nedefull  to  eonquere  the 
realrne  of  Scotlande  asathyngthatnedes  muste  be  doen,yctwiH  I  not  flic  from  my  firstsaiyng, 
but  proue  it  necessary  (as  the  logical!  paraphrasian  and  Philosophical  interpreters)  do  by  a 
distinccion  expounde  this  terme  necessary  to  signitie  a  thyng  conuenient:  That  the  conquest 
in  Scotlande  before  the  inuadyng  of  Fraunce  is  moste  expedient,  for  experience  teacheth  and 
reason  agreeth  that  euery  personc  entt-dyng  a  purposed  enterprise,  or  a  determinate  voyage 

1  should 

5*  THE.   II.  YERE  OF 

should  not  onely  prouicle  and  make  preparation  for  all  thynges  requisite  and  nedefuli  for  his 
•Lynxisa  purpose  or  exployte,  but  also  ought  vigilantly  to  forsee  with  *  Lincis  iyes,  and  preuC-t  and 
toa'loife  stucty  w'ln  the  serpentyne  pollicie  how  to  aduoyde  and  retell  all  thynges  whiche  might  ether 
who.e  bee  an  impediment  to  his  progression  and  settyng  forward  or  occasion  of  his  returne  and 
«r  l°sse  °f  n's  enterprise,  least  he  leuyng  behynd  hym  an  euill  neighbour,  a  continuall  aduer- 
thynges.  sary  &  a  secrete  enemie,  maie  assone  lese  his  o\vne  propre  realme,  as  conquere  and  gayne 
the  dominion  of  another:  wherfore  the  trite  and  common  adage  saith,  leaue  not  the  certain 
for  the  vncertain.  Wherefore  it  is  necessary  that  I  enucleate  and  open  to  you  certain  arti- 
cles conteined  in  the  old  league  and  atnitie  betwene  the  realmes  of  Fraunce  and  Scotlande, 
wherof  the  wordes  be  these. 

1.  THE  warre  or  iniurie  moued  or  done  by  the  Englishemen  to  one  of  the  saied  nacions,  to 
be  as  a  commen  wrong  to  bothe. 

2.  IF  the  Englishemen  make  warre  on  the  Frenche  nacion,  then  the   Scottes  at  the  costes 
and  charges  of  the  Frenche  kyng,  shall  minister  to  theim  succours. 

3.  LIKEWYSE   if  the  Scottes   be  molested  by  the  English  warres,  the  Frenche  nacion  ha- 
uyng  their  costes  allowed,  shall  bee  to  theim  ayders  and  assisters. 

4.  AND  that-noneof  bothe  the  nacions  shall  ether  cotitracte  or  make  peace  with  the  realms 
of  England  without  the  consente  and  agrement  of  the  other. 

AN13  to  thenterrt  that  this  league  and  amitee  should  be  kept  vnuiolate  Robert  le  Bruse 
the  vsurper  of  Scotland  willed  by  his  testament  twoo  thynges  in  especiall  to  be  obserued,  the 
one  neuer  to  breake  the  treatie  concluded  with  Fraunce:  the  second  neuer  to  kepe  peace  or 
promes  with  Englishmen  lenger  than  the  kepyng  therof  were  to  theim  ether  profitable  or 
necessary.  Yet  Ihon  Mayer  and  other  Scottish  writers  coloure  this  cause,  saiyng  that  he 
would  have  no  peace  concluded  with  Engiande  aboue  thre  yeres.  But  whatsoeuer  writers 
write  or  talkers  saie,  they  bee  to  hym  moste  faithfull  executors  and  haue  neuer  yet  broken  his 
testament  but  daily  kepe  his  precept  and  commaundement.  And  for  the  performaunce  of  this 
will  and  kepyng  of  this  league,  none  of  yourauncetours  euer  inuaded  Fraunce,  but  incon- 
tinent the  Scotles  troubled  and  vexed  England.  None  of  your  progenitors  euer  passed  the 
sea  in  iust  quarell  against  the  Frenche  nacion,  but  the  Scottishe  people  in  their  absence  en- 
tered your  realme  spovled  your  houses  slewe  your  people  and  toke  great  praies  innumerable, 
only  to  prouokc  your  auncestors  for  to  returne  fro  the  inuadyng  of  France.  If  I  should  de- 
clare to  you  their  comen  breaking  of  leagues,  their  craftie  and  subtill  dissimulacio,  their 
false  faire  promises  often  swprneand  neuer  kept,  I  doubt  not  but  you  would  ten  tymes  more 
abhorrc  their  doyng,  then  I  would  bee  ashamed  of  the  tellyng.  Therfore  I  saie  still,  and 
atiinne  it  necessary  and  conuenient  to  forse,  that  you  leaue  no  enemies  behind  at  your 
backe  when  you  go  to  conquere  aduersaries  before  your  face.  Beside  this,  if  you  consider 
the  daily  charges,  the  inconstant  chances  that  maie  happen,  I  thinke,  yea  and  litle  doubt 
but  Scotlande  shalbee  tamed  before  Fraunce  shalbe  framed.  For  if  you  will  inuade  Fraunce, 
accompt  what  number  of  shippes  must  transport  your  armie,  recon  what  charge  of  ancors, 
what  a  multitude  of  Cables,  and  what  innumerable  thynges  apperteigne  to  a  nauie.  When 
you  be  there,  if  your  men  decay  by  sickenes  or  by  sworde,  if  vitaill  faile,  or  if  money  wax3 
skante,  if  the  wynde  turne  contrary  or  an  hideous  tempeste  arise,  you  shall  bee  destitute  of 
aide,  prouisio  and  treasure,  which  in  a  strange  region  are  the  collision  &  defacyng  of  an 
armie.  On  the  other  side  if  you  inuade  Scotlande,  your  men  bee  at  hande,  your  vitaill  is 
nere,  your  aide  is  euer  at  your  backe,  so  that  in  that  voyage  you  shall  haue  haboundance  in 
all  thynges,  and  of  nothyng  you  shall  haue  wante.  See  what  an  occasion  fortune  hath 
offered  vnto  you,  is  not  their  kyng  your  captiue  and  prisoner?  Is  not  the  realme  in  greate 
deuision  for  the  crueltie  of  the  duke  of  Albany,  rather  desiring  to  haue  a  forain  gouernor, 
then  a  natural!  tyraunt.  Wherfore  my  counsaill  is,  firste  to  inuade  Scotlande,  and  by  Gods 
grace  to  conquere  and  ioyne  that  region  to  youre  Empire,  and  to  restore  the  renoumed 
•  Monarchy  of  Britayne  to  her  olde  estate  and  preheminence,  and  so  beautified  with  realmes 
and  furnished  with  people,  to  entree  into  Fraunce  for  tlierecoueryng  of  your  righteous  title  and 

i  true 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  5$ 

true  inheritaunce,  in  obscruyng  the  old  auncient  prouerbe  vsed  by  our  forefathers,  whiche 
saieth,  he  that  will  Fraunce  wynne,  muste  with  Scotlailde  firste  bcginne. 

NO  qh  the  Duke   of  Excester  vncle  to  the    kyng,   (whiche  was  well  learned,  and  sent 
into  Italy  by  his  father  entendyng  to  haue  been  a  prieste)  he  that  will  Scotlande    win,  let 
hym  with  Fraunce  first  begin.     For  if  you  call  to  remembraunce  the  coinon  saiyng  of  the  wise 
and  expert  Phisicions,  whiche  bothe  write  and  teache,  that  if  you  will  heale  a  malady  you 
must  firste  remoue  the  cause  :  If  you  will  cure  a  sore,  you  muste  first  take  awaie  the  humor 
that  fedeth   the  place.     If  you  will  destroy  a  plante,  plucke  awaie  his  sap  whiche  is  his 
norisshyng  and  life.     Then  if  Fraunce  be  the  norissher  of  Scotlande,  if  the   Frenche  pen- 
cios  be  the  susteinersof  the  Scottishe  nobilitee,  if  theeducacion  ofScottes  in  Fraunce  be  the 
cause  of  practise  and  pollicie  in  Scotlande,   then  plucke  away  Fraunce  and  the  courage  of 
the  nobles  of  Scotland  shal  be  sone  daunted  and  appalled:  Take  awaie  Fraunce  and  the  hertes 
of  the  cornen  people  wil   sone  decaie  and  waxe  faint:   Plucke  away  France  and  neuer  looke. 
that  Scotlande  will  resist  or  withstande  your  power.     For  when  the  bed  is  gone,  the  body 
sone  falleth,  and  when  the  sap  fayleth  the  tree  sone  withereth.     Let  men  reade  the  Chroni- 
cles and  peruse  our  Englishe  Chronographiers,  &  you  shall  sone  finde  that  the  Scottes  haue 
seldo  of  their  owne  mocion  inuaded  or  vexed  Englande,  but  onely  for  the  obseruyng  of  the 
league  in  the  whiche  they  bee  bounde  to  Fraunce:  For  the  Scottes.are  the  shaft  and  dart  of 
the  Frenchemen  to  shote  and  cast  at  their  pleasure  against  the  Englishe  nacion.    And  where 
they  haue  inuaded,  as  I  cannot  deny  bat  they  haue  dooen,  what  glory  or  what  profile  sue- 
ceded  of  their  entreprice,  I  report  me  to  their  peculier  histories.     Kyng  Malcolyn  inuaded' 
Englande,  when  kyng  Willia  the  second  was  makyng  warre  in  Normandy.     Dauid  le  Bruses 
also  entered  Englande,  your  greate  graundfather  kyng  Edward  the  third  liyng  at  the-siege  of 
Caleis.     Was  not  Malcolin  slain  beside  Tinmouth  and  Kyng  Dauid  taken  beside  Dun-ham.' 
Let  the  gouernors  of  Scotlande,   (for  the  kyng  is  sure  ynough)  entre  into  Englande  6n  that 
price  and  se  what  he  shall  gayne  therby.     What  notable  acte  wcr  Scottes  cuer  able  to  do 
out  of  their  owne  countree  and  propre  climate  ?  Or  when  were  they  able  to  coueigh  an  armie 
ouer  the  sea  at  their  owne  costes  and  expences?  Rede  their  owne  histories  and  you   shall 
finde  fewe  or  none.     Their   nature   and  condicion    is   to  tary   at  home  in   idlenes,  ready 
to  defende  their  countree  like  brute  beasles,  thinkyng  their  rusticall  fassion  to  he  high  honestie, 
and  their  beggerly  linyng  to  bee  a  welfare.     Beside  this,  what  auncient  writer,  or  autentike 
historiographier  ether  write  of  them  honor  or  jonce  nameth  thcim,  except  sainct  Iherom, 
whiche  saieth  that  when  he  was  yong,  he  sawe  in  Frftttnce  certain  Scottes  of  the  isle  of  Bvi-. 
tain  eate  the  fleshe  of  men,  and  when  they  came  into  the  woodes  ftndyng there  greate  heardcs 
of  beastes  and  flockes  of  shepe<  lefte  the  beastes  and  cut  off  the  Inittockcs  of  the  heard  men  < 
and  the  pappes  and  brestes   of  the  shepherdes  women,  extemyng  this  meate  to  be  the  great- 
est deinties:  And  Sabeliicus  saieth  that  Scottes  muche  delighte  and  reioyse  in  liyng.     You 
may  now  apparauntly  percciue  what  puissaunce  Scotland  is  of  it  self,  litle  able  to  defende- 
and  lesse  able  to  inuade  like  a  noune  adiectiue  that  cannot  stand  without  a  substantiue.     If 
France  be  taken  from  them,  of  whom  shall  they  seke  aide  ?  Denmarke  will  them  refuse  because 
the  kyng  is  your  brother  in  lawe :  Portyngall  £  Castel  will  not  them  regard c,; bothe  the  kynges  '• 
beeyng  your  cosyns  germain  and  auntes  sonnes:  Italy  is  to  farre:  Germany  and  Hungary- 
be  with  you  in  league.  So  that  of  necessitee  they  in  conclusion  destitute  of  all  ayde,  depriued. 
of  all  succoure,  bereued  of  all  frendship  (if  Fraunce  be  coquered)  must  without  warre  or 
dent  of  sworde  come  vnder  your  subiection   and  due  obeysance.     And  yet  I  would  not  in 
this  your  conquest,  France  should  bee  so  muche  mynded,  that  Scotlande  should  be  forgotten, >' 
nor  that  your  entier -.power  should  be  sent  into  Fraunce  and  no  defence  left  against  the  imia- 
sions  of  Scotlande.  =  For  of  that  might  ensue  this  mischief,  that  if  your  whole  power  wcr  van- 
quisshed  in  France,  the  Scottes  beyng  elated  by  the  victory  of  their  frendes   might  do  more, 
(  your  realme  in  one  ycre  then  you  should  recouer  again  in  fine.  But  sithe  God 
liathsent  you  people,  riches,  municios  of  warre  and  all  thynges  necessary  ether  to  inuade  bothe, 
or  to  defende  the  one  and  penetrate  the  other.   Passe  the  sea  your  self  with  an  armie  royall, 


•$6  THE.  II.  YFRE  OF 

and  leue  my  lorde  ot  Westmerlande  and  other  graue  capitaines  of  the  Northe  with  a  con* 
uenient  nombre  to  Defend  the  Marches  if  the  subtill  Scottes  encouraged  by  the  Frenchmen 
will  any  thyng  attept  duryng  your  voyage  and  absence.  And  this  is  to  be  remebred,  if  you 
get  Scotlande  you  hauea  countree  baraynealmoste  of  alt-pleasure  and  goodnes,  you  gay  no 
people  sauage,  waueryng  and  inconstant,  of  riches  you  shall  haue  litle  and  of  pouertie  muchc: 
But  if  you  get  Fraunce,  you  shall  haue  a  countree  fertile,  pleasant  and  plentiful!,  you  shall 
haue  people,  Ciuill,  witty  and  of  good  ordre.  You  shall  haue  richc  citees,  beautiful  touncs 
innumerable  Castles,  xxiiij.  puyssaunt  Duchies,  Ixxx.  and  odde  populous  Countrecs,  and  an 
hud  red  and  thre  famous  bisshoprickes,  a.  M.  and  more  fat  Monastaries,  and  parishe 
Churches  (as  the  Frenche  writers  affirme)  x.  C.  thousande  and  mo.  This  conquest  is  ho- 
norable, this  gavne  is  proffitable,  this  Journey  is  plesaunte,  and  therfore  nether  to  be  left  nor 
forslewed.  Vitaill  you  shall  haue  sufficient  from  Flaunders,  aide  of  men  you  maie  haue  daily 
out  of  England,  or  els  to  leaue  a  competentecrewe  in  the  Marches  of  Caleis  to  refreshe  your 
armie  and  to  furnishe  still  your  numbre.  Although  the  cost  in  transportyng  your  me  be 
greate,  yet  your  gayne  shal be  greater,  and  therfore  accordyng  to  the  trite  adage,  he  must& 
liberally  spende  that  will  plentefully  gayne.  And  because  my  lorde  of  Westmerlfule  hath 
alleged  that  the  Romaines  desired  the  dominion  of  suche  as  were  viider  flight  of  their  owne 
Egle,  or  whose  possesions  were  a  mote  to  their  eye,  as  the  Numidians  &  other  whiche  he 
hath  wisely  rehersed.  Beholde  the  condicions  of  the  counsailers  and  the  desire  of  the  mo* 
uers,  what  persones  were  they  whiche  cotieted  their  poore  neighbors  rather  then  riche  fo- 
reines?  Men  effeminate,  more  mete  for  a  Carpet  then  a  Campe,  men  of  a  weake  stomacke 
desiryng  rather  to  walke  in  a  pleasant  gardein  then  passe  the  sees  in  a  tempesteous  storme, 
what  should  I  saie?  Menne  that  would  haue  somewhat  and  yet  take  litell  payne,  memie 
that  coueted  thynges  nothyng  honourable  nor  yet  greatly  profitable.  But  I  remember  that 
the  noble  Cato  the  Censor  which  when  it  was  alledged  in  the  Senate  at  Rome  that  Affrike-- 
was  farre  of,  and  the  sea  brode,  and  the  iournie  perillous,  caused  certain  newe  figgrs  to 
bee  brought  into  the  Senate,  whiche  grewe  iu  the  territory  of  Carihage,  and  dcruaunded  of 
the  Senators  howe  they  liked  the  Figges?  Some  saied  they  were  newe  some  said  they  were 
swete  and  some  said  they  were  pleasant  Oh  quod  Cato,  if  they  be  newe  gathered,  the  is 
not  the  region  far  of  where  they  grewe  (skant  thre  daies  sailyng)  and  if  it  be  of  no  longer 
distance  then  so  nere  to  vs  be  oure  enemies.  If  the  figges  be  swete,  then  is  the  soile  delicious 
and  fertile.  If  the  fygges  be  pleasante,  then  is  the  coutrey  profitable.  If  you  gaine  the  Sci- 
cilians,  you  shall  be  riche  men  in  corne.  If  you  get  the  Samnites  you  shall  haue  plenty  of  oyle. 
If  you  vanquishe  the  Numidians,  you  shall  haue  copie  of  beastes:  but  subdewe  Carthage  and 
conquere  A-ffricke,  you  shall  haue  not  onely  Conic  Oyle  and  beastes,  but  gold,  purple,  preci- 
ous stones,  Oliphantes  and  all  thynges  bothe  necessary  and  pleasant.  Therfore  my  councell  is 
rather  to  seke  riches  bcyng  farre  distant  then  pouertie  liyng  at  hand,  for  paine  is -forgotten 
euer  where  gaine  foloweth.  This  noble  saiyng  of  sage  Calo  so  encouraged  and  inflamed  the 
haut  hertes  and  lusty  courages  of  the  manly  Romains,  that  they  neuer  desisted  to  persecute  the 
people  of  Affricke  tyll  Carthage  was  vtteriy  destroyed  and  the  whole  countrey  subdewed  and 
brought  vnder  the  Romain  Empire.  lulius  Ceasaralso  desired  rather  to  conquere  the  Brit- 
tons  deuided  from  the  continent,  ye  and  inhabityng  almost  in  thende  of  the  worlde,  rather  then 
to  gayne  the  Pannonians  adioynyng  to  Italy,  saiyng,  breke  the  stroger  and  the  weaker  will 
bowe :  Subdue  the  riche  and  the  pore  wil  yeld  be  lord  of  the  lordes  and  the  vassales  must  nedes 
be  subiect,  vanquish  the  Frenchemen  and  the  Scottes  be  tamed.  This  counsaill  of  Cato,  and 
this  saiyng  of  Cesar  maketh  me  bothe  to  speke  and  thynke  that  if  you  get  Fraunce,  ye  get  two, 
and  if  you  get  Scotland  you  get  but  one.  When  the  duke  had  said  and  sat  doune,  his  opinion 
was  muche  noted  and  well  digested  with  the  kyng,  but  in  especiall  with  his  three  brethren  and 
diucrse  other  lordes  beyng  young  and  lusty,  desirous  to  win  honor  and  profile  in  the  realme 
of  Fraunce,  ensuyng  the  couragious  actesof  their  noble  progenitors,  whiche  gat  in  that  region 
bothe  honor  and  renoune.  So  that  now  all  men  cried  warre,  warre,  Fraunce,  Fraunce,  and 
the  bill  put  into  the  parliament  for  desoluyng  of  religious  houses  was  clerely  forgotten  and 



burred,  and  nothyng  thoughte  on  but  onely  the  recouering  of  Fraunce  accordyng  to  the 
title  by  the  Archbishoppe  declared  and  set  furth.  And  so  vpon  this  poynct  after  a  fewe 
Actes  for  the  publicke  wealth  of  the  realme  condiscended  and  agreed,  the  parliamet  was 
proroged  to  Westminster. 

THE  kyng  like  a  wise  prince  and  pollitique  gouernor,  entendyng  to  obserue  the  auncient 
ordres  of  famous  kynges  and  renoumed  potentates  vsed  aswel  emong  Paynimes  as  Christians, 
whiche  is,  not  to  inuade  another  mannes  territory  without  open  war  and  the  cause  of  the 
same  to  hym  published  and  declared,  dispatched  into  Frauce  his  vncle  the  duke  of  Excester 
and  the  erle  of  Dorcet,  the  lorde  Grey  admirall  of  Englande,  the  Archbishop  of  Deuelin,  the 
bishop  of  Norwiche  with,  v  hundred  horsse,  whiche  were  lodged  in  the  Temple  housin  Paris, 
kepyng  suche  triumphante  chere  in  their  lodgyng,  and  such  a  solempne  estate  in  ridyng 
through  the  citee,  that  the  Parisians  &  all  the  Frenche  men  had  no  small  meruell  at  their  ho- 
norable fassions  and  lordly  behaueours.  The  French  kyng  receiued  them  very  honorably, 
and  sumpteously  banquetted  theim,  shewing  to  theim  goodly  iustes  and  marciall  pastymes,  by 
the  space  of  three  daies  together,  in  the  whiche  iustes  the  kyng  hymself  to  shew  his  courage 
and  actiuitee  to  the  Englishemen,  manfully  brake  speres  and  lustely  turneyed. 

WHEN  this  great  triumph  and  marciall  disport  was  finished,  the  Englishe  Ambassadors 
accordyng  to  their  commission,  required  of  the  Frenche  kyng  to  deliuer  to  the  kyng  of  Eng- 
liid  the  realme  and  croune  of  Fraunce  with  the  entier  Duchies  of  Aquitain,  Normandy  and 
Aniowe,  with  the  countrees  of  Poytieu  and  Mayne  and.diuerse  other  requestes,  offryng  that 
if  the  Frenche  kyng  would  without  warre  or  effusion  of  Christen  bloud  rendre  to  the  kyng 
their  Master  his  uery  righte  and  lawfull  inheritaunce,  that  he  would  be  content  to  take  in  ma- 
nage the  lady  Katheryn  doughter  to  the  Frenche  kyng  &  to  endewe  her  with  all  the  duchie 
and  countrees  before  rehersed.  And  if  he  entended  not  so  to  do,  then  the  kyng  of  Eng- 
lande did  expresse  and  signifie  to  hym  that  with  the  ayd  of  God  and  help  of  his  people  he 
would  recouer  hisright  and  inheritaunce  wrongfully  with  holden  with  mortall  warre  and  dent 
of  sworde.  The  Frenchemen  were  much  abasshed  at  these  demaundes  thinkyng  theim  very 
vnreasonablc  and  farre  excessiue,  and  yet  not  willyng  to  make  any  determinate  aunswer  till 
they  had  farther  brethed  in  so  weighty  a  cause,  praied  thenglishe  Ambassadors  to  saie  to  the 
kyng  their  master  that  thei  now  hauyng  no  opportunitee  to  coclude  in  so  hie  a  matter  would 
ahortly  send  Ambassadors  into  England  whiche  should  certefy  £  declare  to  the  kyng  their 
whole  mynde,  purpose  and  aunswer. 

THE  Englishe  Ambassadors  nothyng  content  with  this  doyng  departed  into  Englande  mak-  • 
yng  relacion  of  euery  thyng  that  was  said  or  done.  Here  I  ouerpasse  howe  some  writers 
saie  that  the  Dolphyn  thinkyag  kyng  Henry  to  be  geuen  still  to  such  plaies  and  light 
folies  as  he  exercised  &  vsed  before  the  tyme  that  he  was  exalted  to  the  rroune  sent  to  hym 
a  tunne  of  tennis  balles  to  plaie  with,  as  who  said  that  he  could  better  skil  of  tennis  then  of 
warre,  and  was  more  expert  in  light  games  then  marciall  pollicy.  Whether  he  wer  moued 
with  this  vnwise  presente,  or  espiyng  that  the  Frenchemen  dalied  and  vaynely  delayed  his 
purpose  and  demaund,  was  moued  and  pricked  forward  I  cannot  iudge,  but  sure  it  is  that 
after  the  returne  of  his  Ambassadors,  he  beeyng  of  a  haute  courage  and  bold  stomacke, 
liuyng  now  in  the  pleasantest  tyme  of  his  age,  muche  desiryng  to  enlarge  and  dilate  his  Em- 
pire and  dominion,  determined  fully  to  make  warre  in  Fraunce,  coceiuyng  a  good  trust  and 
a  perfight  hope  in  this  poyncte  whiche  he  had  before  experimented,  whiche  is,  that  victory 
for  the  moste  part  foloweth  wher  right  leadeth,  auaunced  forward  by  Justice  and  sette  furth 
by  equitie.  And  because  many  Frenchemen  wer  promoted  to  Ecclesiastical  dignitees,  some 
to  benefices,  some  to  Abbeis  and  priores  within  his  realme  and  sent  daily  innumerable 
somes  of  money  into  Fraunce  for  the  relefe  and  aide  of  their  naturall  countremen  and  li-  • 
neall  kynsmen,  he  therfore  for  the  publique  wealth  of  his  realme  and  subiectes,  ordeigned 
that  no  straunger  here  after  should  bee  promoted  to  any  spirituall  dignitee  or  degree  within 
his  realme  without  his  especiall  licence  and  royall  concent,  and  that  all  they  that  should  so  - 
be  admitted,  should  find  sufficient  suretie  not  to  disclose  $  secretes  of  this  realme  to  any  fo- . 

I  rain 

58  THE.  II.  YERE  OF 

rain  Or  strauge  person,  nor  also  to  minister  to  them  any  aide  or  succor  with  money  or  by  any 
other  ineane.  Beside  this  he  assembled  a  great  puissance  &  gathered  a  greate  hoste  through 
all  his  dominions,  and  for  the  more  furniture  of  his  nauie,  he  sent  into  Holand,  Zeland  and 
Frizeland  to  conduct  and  hire  shippes  for  the  transportyng  and  conueighing  ouer  his  men 
and  municions  of  warre,  and  finally  prouided  for  armure,  vitaile,  money,  artillary,  carraiges, 
tentes  and  other  thinges  necessary  for  so  hie  an  enterprise:  Whiche  prouisions  wer  sone 
blowen  into  Frauce  &  quickly  knowen  in  Paris.  Wherefore  the  Dolphin  who  had  taken 
on  hym  the  gouernance  of  the  realme,  because  his  father  was  fallen  again  into  his  olde  infir- 
rnitie,  sent  for  the  dukes  of  Berry  and  Alaunson  and  all  the  counseil  of  Fraunce,  to  coclude 
what  should  be  done  in  so  great  a  matter  and  so  weightie  a  cause.  After  long  cosultacion, 
it  was  determined  to  assemble  people  through  the  whole  realme  of  Fraunce,  to  resist  &  re- 
pulse the  kyng  of  Englande  and  his  puissaunce  whensoeuer  he  would  arriue  or  set  foote  in 
Fraunce,  and  also  to  fortifie  their  tounes  &  stuffc  them  with  garrisons  and  men  of  warre, 
and  farther  by  taxes  £  subsedies  to  leuy  asmuche  money  as  by  wit  or  pollicie  could  be  de- 
uised  or  imagined.  Moreouer  to  staie  the  king  of  England  at  home,  it  was  polletiquely 
deuised  to  sende  to  him  a  solempne  Ambassade  to  make  to  him  some  offers  accordyngto  the 
demaundes  before  rehersed.  The  charge  of  this  Ambassade  was  comitted  to  the  erle  of 
Vandosrne,  to  Master  Wylliam  Bouratier  Archebishop  of  Bourgues  and  to  Master  Pe- 
ter Fremel  bishoppe  of  Lysieux  and  to  the  lorde  of  Yury  and  Braquemont  and  to  Maister 
Gaultier  Cole  the  kynges  secretory  and  diuerse  other.  These  ambassadours  accompanied 
with.  CCC.  and  fifty  horses  passed  the  sea  at  Caleys  and  laded  at  Douer,  before  whose  ar- 
riuall  the  kyng  was  departed  from  Wyndsor  to  Winchester,  entendyng  to  haue  gone  to 
Hampton  and  to  haue  viewed  his  nauie,  but  hearyng  of  the  Ambassadours  approachyng, 
taried  stil  at  Wynchester,  where  the  sayd  Frenche  lordes  shewed  themselues  very  honorably 
before  the  kyng  and  the  nobilitie.  And  in  the  bishoppes  hal  before  the  kyng,  sittyng  in  his 
throne  imperial  &  hislordes  spiritual  and  temporal  &  a  great  multitude  of  the  comons  there 
for  that  entent  assebled,  At  a  tyme  prefixed,  the  Archebishop  of  Bourgesse  made  an  elo- 
quent and  a  long  Oracion,  dissuadyng  warre,  and  praisyng  peace,  offering  to  the  kyng  of 
Englad  a  great  some  of  money  with  diuerse  base  &  pore  countries  with  the  Lady  Katheria 
in  marriage,  so  that  he  would  dissolue  his  armie  &  distnisse  his  souldiors  whiche  he  had 
gathered  and  made  ready. 

When  this  Oracion  was  ended,  the  kyng  caused  the  Ambassadors  to  be  highly  feasted,  & 
set  them  at  his  owne  table.  And  at  a  daie  assigned  in  the  foresayd  hall,  the  Archebishoppe  of 
Cauntorbury  made  to  their  Oracion  a  notable  answere:  theffecte  wherof  was,  that  if  the 
Frenche  kyng  would  notgeue  with  his  daughter  in  manage,  the  duchies  of  Acquitain,  Nor- 
mandy, Aniowe,  &  all  other  seignories  &  dominions  somtime  apperteinyng  to  the  noble  pro- 
genitors of  the  kyng  of  Englad,  he  would  in  no  wise  retire  his  armie  nor  breake*  his  iorney 
but  would  with  all  diligence  entre  into  the  realme  of  Frauce  &  destroy  the  people,  depopu- 
.  late  the  coutry  &  subuertlhe  tounes,  with  sword  blud  &  fyre,  &  neuer  cease  till  he  had_re- 
eouered  his  auncient  right  &  lawful  patrimony.  The  kyng  auowed  the  archbishops  saiyng, 
&  in  the  word  of  a  prince  promised  to  performe  it  to  the  vttermost.  The  bishop  of  Bourgesse 
beyng  inflamed  with  anger  that  his  purpose  toke  none  effect,  desiryng  licence  &  pardo  of  the 
king  that  he  might  speake:  which  once  attained  he  verye  rashly  and  vnreueretly  sayd. 
Thynkest  thou  to  put  doune  and  destroy  wrongfully  the  most  cristen  kyng,  our  most  re- 
doubted souerain  lord  and  most  excellentest  prince  of  all  christianitie  of  blud  and  prehemi- 
nece.  Oh  kyng,  sauyng  thine  honour,  thinkest  thou  that  he  hathe  offered  or  caused  to  be 
offered  to  the  landes,  goodes  or  other  possessions  with  his  owne  daughter  for  feare  of  the  or 
thy  Englishe  nacion,  or  thy  friendes  or  well  willers  or  fautours.  No  no  ?  but  of  truthe  he 
moued  with  pitie,  as  a  louer  of  peace,  to  the  entent  that  innocent  blud  should  not  bee  dis- 
persed abrode,  and  that  Christian  pesple  shoulde  not  bee  afflicted  with  battail  and  destroied 
with  mortall  warre,  hathe  made  to  the  this  reasonable  offers  and  this  Godly  mocion,  puttyng 
his  hole  affiance  ia  God  most  puissant  accordyng  to  right  and  reason,  trustyng  in  his  quarel 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  59 

(o  be  ayded  and  supported  by  his  beneuolente  subiectes  and  fauourable  well  willers.  And 
sith  we  be  subiectes  and  seruauntes,  we  require  the  to  cause  vs  safely  and  surely  without 
dammage  to  be  conducted  out  of  thy  reahne  and  dominions  &  thatthou  wilt  write  thyne  an- 
swere  wholy  as  thou  hast  geuen  it,  vnder  thy  scale  and  signe  manuell. 

,THE  Kyng  of  Englande  nothyng  vexed  nor  yet  moued  with  the  presumtuous  saiynges  and 
proude  bragges  of  the  vnnurtered  and  unmanerly  byshop,  but  well  remebryng  kyng  Salo- 
mon in  the.  xxiiii.  of  his  prouerbes,  whiche  saithe,  that  with  discretion  warres  muate  be  ta- 
ken in  hand,  £  where  many  can  geue  councell,  there  is  victory,  coldly  and  soberly  aun- 
swered  the  bishop  saiyng:  My  lorde  I  littel  esteme  your  Frenche  bragges,  and  lesse  set  by 
your  power  &  strength,  I  know  perfightly  my  right  to  your  region,  and  excepte  you  will 
deny  the  apparant  truthe  so  do  you,  and  if  you  neither  do  nor  will  knowe  yet  God  and  the 
worlde  knoweth  it.  The  powre  of  your  Mayster  you  see  daily,  but  my  puissance  you  hane 
not  yet  tasted,  If  your  master  haue  louing  frendes  and  faithful!  subiectes,  Iain  I  thanke 
God  not  disgarnished  nor  vnprouided  of  the  same:  But  this  I  say  vnlo  you,  that  before  one 
yere  passe  I  trust  to  make  the  highest  croune  of  your  countrey  stoupe  and  the  proudest 
Miter  to  kncele  clowne :  and  say  this  to  the  vsurpcr  your  Master  that  I  within  three 
monethes  wyll  enter  into  France  not  as  into  his  land,  but  as  into  mine  true  and  law- 
full  patrimonye  entendyng  to  conquere  it,  not  with  braggyng  worries,  flatteryng  oracions 
or  coloured  persuasions,  but  with  puissaunce  of  men  and  dent  of  sworde  by  the  aide  of 
God  in  whome  is  my  whole  trust  and  confidence.  And  as  concernyng  mine  answere  to  be 
written,  subscribed  and  sealed,  I  assure  you  that  I  would  not  speake  that  sentence  the 
which  I  would  not  write  and  subscribe,  nor  subscribe  that  line  to  the  whiche  I  would  refuse 
to  put  my  scale.  Therefore  your  saue  conducte  shall  be  to  you  deliuered  with  mine  an- 
swere, and  then  you  may  depart  surely  and  safely  I  warrant  you  into  your  countrey, 
where  I  truste  soner  to  visite  you  then  you  shall  haue  cause  to  salute  or  bid  me  welcome. 
With  this  answere  the  Ambassadours  sore  dismaied,  but  more  displeased  (although  they 
were  highly  entertained  &  liberally  rewarded,  departed  into  their  countrye,  relatyng  to  the 
Dolphyn  and  the  kynges  councehvhat  they  had  done  duryngthc  tyme  of  their  Ambassade. 

After  thefrenche  Ambassadours  were  departed,  the  kyng  as  I  sayd  before  hauinga  great 
foresight  and  disposyng  all  thynges  in  an  ordre  forgettyng  not  the  old  pranckes  and  sodeyn 
trickes  of  the  variable  Scottishe  nacion,  appoincted  the  earle  of  Westmerlande,  the  lorde 
Scrope,  the  Baron  of  Greystncke  and  sir  Robert  Vrmfreuile  with  diuers  other  hardye  par- 
sonages &  valiant  capitayncs  to  kepe  the  frontiers  and  Marches  adioynyng  to  Scotland, 
whiche  sir  Robert  Vmi'reuile  on  the  day  of  Mari  Magdalene  entrecl  with  the  Scottes  at  the 
toune  of  Gederyng,  hauyngin  his  company  only.  CCCC.  Englishemen,  where  he  after  long 
conflict  and  doubtful  battaileslcwe  of  his  enemies.  Ix.  and  odde,  and  toke  captiucs.  CC(\ 
Ix.  and  discomfited  and  put  to  flight  a  thousand  and  moo,  whom  he  followed  in  chase  aboue. 
xii.  miles,  and  so  laded  with  praies  and  prisoners  reculed  agayne  not  vnhurt  to  the  castle 
of  Rokesbroughe,  of  the  whiche  at  that  tyme  he  was  chief  ca pi tayne  and  gouernour. 

When  the  kyng  had  ordered  all  thynges  for  the  tuicion  and  sauegarcle  of  his  realme  and 
people,  he  leauyng  behynd  him  for  gouernor  of  the  realme,  the  Queue  his  mother  inlawe, 
departed  to  the  toune  of  Southampton,  entending  there  to  take  ship,  and  so  to  transfrete 
into  Fraunce.  And  to  thentent  he  would  steale  on  the  Frenche  kyng  before  he  were  ware 
of  him,  he  dispatched  Antelop  his  pursuiuant  at  Armes  with  letters,  the  which  the  Frenche 
cronographers  declare  to  be  these. 

TO  the  right  honorable  prince  Charles  our  cissyn  of  Fraunce  &  aduersary,  Henry  by  the 
grace  of  God  kyng  of  England  &  of  Fraunce.  &c.  To  deliuer  to  euery  man  his  owne,  is  a 
woorkeof  inspiracionanda  dccde  of  sage  councel,  for  right  noble  prince  our  cosyn  and  ad- 
uersary, sometymes  the  noble  realmes  of  England  &  of  Fraunce  uere  vnited,  which  nowe, 
be  seperated  and  deuided,  and  as  then  they  were  acccustomed  to  be  exalted  through  the 
vniuersal  worlde  by  their  glorious  victories,  and  it  was  to  them  a  notable  vertue  to  decore 
and  beautifye  the  house  of  God,  to  the  whiche  apperteincd  holynes,  and  to  set  a  concorde 

12  in 


in  Christes  religion.     And  by  their  agreable  warres  they  brought  fortunately  the  publike  ene- 
mies to  their  subjection :  but  alas  this  fraternal  faith  is  peruerted  to  fraternal  occasion   as 
Lot  persecuted  Abrahii  by  humayne  impulsion,  but  nowe  the  glory  of  fraternal  loue  is  deade, 
and  the  discent  of  auncient  humaine  cddicion  is  departed,  and  mother  malice  and   Ire  are 
resuscitate  from  death  to  life,  but  we  call  to  wytnes  the  souereigne  iudge  in  coscience,  whiche 
will  not  bow  either  for  praier  or  for  giites,  that  we  to  our  power  for  pure  loue  haue  procea- 
ded  by  all  mea  ties  to  peace  &  amite.     And  sith  we  haue  red  in  writyng  and  by  coucel  haue 
learned  the  iust  title  of  our  inheritaunce  from  vs  deteined  in  prejudice  of  oure  auncient 
linage,  we  be  not  of  so  small  a  courage  but  that  we  wyll  fight  to  death  to  obteyne  right  and 
iustice:  but  by  the  authorise  written  in  the  boke  of  Deuteronomy,  all  mea  are  taught  whiche 
come  to  besiege  or  assaulte  any  cytie  or  fortresse,  fyrst  to  offre  peace.    And  albeit  that  vio- 
lence the  rauisher  of  iustice  haue  take  away  of  log  time  the  noblenesof  our  croune  and  oure 
iuste  inheritaunce,  yet  we  by  charitie  haue  done  what  we  might  to  recouer  and  our 
old  inheritaunce  to  the  first  degree  and  auncient  estate,  and  therefore  for  faute  of  iustice,  we 
may  returne  to  armes.     Wherfore,  that  our  glorye  may  be  wytnes  of  our  conscience  nowe 
and  also  by  personal  request,  in  the  beginning  of  our  iorney  to  the  whiche  we  are  toward 
for  faute  of  iustice,  \ve  exhort  you  in  the  bowellesof  our  sauiour  lesu  Christ,  whose  euan- 
gelical  doctrine  wiFleth  that  you  ought  to  render  to  all  men  that  which  you  ought  to  do,  and 
so  to  do  to  vs  is  the  will  of  God  oure  souereigne  lorde  and  creator.     And  to  thentent  that 
destruccion  of  Christen  people  should  be  exchewed  whiche  are  the  images  of  God,  we  haue 
demaunded  our  right  and  restitucion  of   the  same  from  vs   wrongfully  withholden    and 
deteined,  or  at  the  least  of  snche  thynges  whiche  we  haue  so  often  times  by  our  Ambassa- 
dors and  messengers  required  &  instantly  desyred,  wherwuh  we  haue  offered  to  be  pleased, 
satisfied  and  cotented  for  the  onely  reuerence  of  almightie  God  &  for  the  v-tilitie  of  a  vni- 
uersall  peace  whiche  we  thought  should  haue  ensued..     And  therfore  we  for  our  part  because 
of  a  manage  to  be  had  and  cocluded  betwene  vs,  wer  determined  to  forsake  &  refuse  the 
fiftie  thousand  crounes  to  vs  last  promised  and  profered,  preferryng  peace  before  riches,  & 
chosyng  rather  our  rightful  patrimony  to  vs  by  our  noble  progenitors  lawfully  deuoluted* 
and  discended  with  oure  eossyn  your  'daughter  the  fcayre  lady  Katherin,  rather  then  for  trea- 
sure and  desire  of  money  the  multiplier  of  uiMj,uitie,  shamefully  to  dishenerite  our  selfe  and- 
the  croune  of  oure  reahne  whiche  God  forbid,     Youen  vnder  oure  priuy  scale  at  o;ir  Castel. 
of  Hampton  on  the  sea  side,  the.  v.  day  of  August. 

WHEN  the  letter  was  presented  to  the  French  kyng  &  by  hi*  councell  well  ouerlokedj, 
he  made  answere  to  the  officers  of  armes  that  he  had  well  perceiued  tlie  content  of  the  let* 
lers,  wherevpon  he  would  tak«  aduice  and  prouide  for  the  same  in  tyme  and  plaee  conue* 
riieiu,  licensing  the  messenger  to  depart  at  his  pleasure.. 


Th^e"k-  THIS  noble  prinee  hauyng  his  nauy  furnished,  and  all  thynges  necessary  for  suche  a  royal 
voyage,  perc-eiuyng  his  treshe  capitames  to  complain  that  tiiey  had  lost  so  many  monethes- 
of  theyere  in  the  whiche  they  might  haue  done  diueise  haute  enterpriwes  in  the  lades  of  their 
enemies,  and  that  nothyng  was  to  the  more  odious  than  prolongyng  lingering  of  tyme 
determined  with  all  diligence  to  cause  his  souldiors  to  entr.e  his  shippes  and  so  to  depart.- 
.  SE  the  chaunce,  the  night  before  the  day  of  departure  appoincted,  he  was  credibly  in* 
formed  that  Richarde  earle  of  Cambridge  brother  to  Edward  duke  of  Yorke  and-  Henry 
torde  Scrope  &  syr  Thomas  Gray  knight  had  ins  death  and  final!  distinction:  wher- 
fore  he  caused  them  to  be  apprehended  lamentyng  sore  his  chaunce  tliat  he  should  be  com* 
pelled  to  loose  such  personages  by  whose  valiantne;-,  and  puissaunce  he  should  be  more  dread- 
ful and  feareful  to  his  foes  &  enemies.  When  these  prisoners  were  examined,  they  not 
enely  confessed  the  cospirary,  but  ako  declared  that  for  a  great  some  of  mony  which  they 
hadreceiued  of  the  Frenehe  k)ng>  they  iuteded  either  to  deLuer  the  kynsj-aliue  into-the 

J      O  *•* 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  61 

feandcs  of  his  enemies,  or  els  to  murthcr  him  before  that  he  should  arriue  in  the  duchy  of 
Norniady.  When  kvng  Henry  hard  al  thynges  opened  whiche  lie  sore  desired,  he  caused 
all  hie  nobilitie  to  asscble  before  his  maiestie  royal,  before  whom  he  caused  to  be 
brought  the  thre  great  oflendors  and  to  them  sayd:  If  you  haue  conspired  the  deth 
and  destruction  of  me  whiche  am  the  head  of  the  realme  and  gouernour  of  the  people,  with- 
out doubt  I  must  of  nccessitie  ihinke  that  you  likewyse  haue  compassed  the  confusion  of  all 
that  be  here  witli  me  and  also  the  final  destruction  of  your  natiue  countrey  and  natural  re- 
gion. And  although  some  priuate  Scorpion  in  your  heartes,  or  some  wild  worms  in  your 
heades  hath  caused  you  to  conspire  my  d  -ath  and  comsion,  yet  you  shuld  haue  spared  that 
deuelish  enterprice  as  long  as  I  was  with  miiie  army  whiche  cannot  cotinue  without  a  capi- 
taine,  nor  be  directed  without  a  guide,  nor  yet  with  the  destruction  of  your  owne  blond 
and  hacion  you  should  haue  pleased  a  foreign  enemy  and  an  a. indent  adversary.  Wher- 
fore  seyng  that  you  haue  enterpnsed  so  greate  a  misehiete,  so  abhominabie  a  fact,  to 
thentent  that  your  fautors  beyng  in  the  armye  may  abhorre  so  detestable  an  otfetice  by  the  pu- 
nishemcnt  of  you,  ha^tyou  to  receiue  the  p^iyne  that  for  your  demerites  yon  haue  deserued, 
&.  that  punishment  that  by  thelawe  for  your  otfences  is  prouided. 

WHEN  these  noble  men  were  executed,  the  kyng  sayd  to  his  lordes,  se  you  not  the 
mad  imagination  of  men  whiche  persecute  me  that  dayely  studye,  and  hourly  labour,  to 
my  great  irauaile  and  vnqo  etnes  for  the  aduancement  of  the  publique  wea'th  of  this 
rt-.ilme  andregion^  and  for  that  cause  I  spare  no  payne  nor  refu-e  no  tytne  to  ilientent  to  do 

food  to  all  men  and  to  hurt  no  man,  and  thus  to  do  is  my  dutie  &  to  tiiis  as  I  thinke  am 
b  >rne.  I  pray  to  God  that  there  be  none  among  you  that  be  infected  with  so  much  vnA 
truth  that  had  leuer  se  me  destro;ed  and  brought  to  co.. fusion,  rather  then  to  se  his  cou-rey 
flurishe  encreased  with  honor  and  empire.  1  assure  you  that  I  coceiue  no  suciie  opinion  in 
any  of  you,  but  put  in  you  both  trust  &  confidence  and  if  I  may  haue  your  helpe  to 
beautify  my  reahne  and  to  recouer  againe  the  olde  honor  of  myne  auncestours  by  sub- 
duyng  the  Frenche  nacion,  I  for  my  self  wyll  forget  all  peril  and  p tine  and  he  your 
guide  lodesrnan  and  conductor.  And  if  you  drawe  backe  and  wyll  not  moue  fonvarde, 
beleue  me,  God  wyll  so  dispose,  thai  hctcatter  jcu  shalbe  deceiued  and  sore  icpenfhad  I 
wyst.  When-  the  kyng  had  finished  his  saiyng,  all  the  noble  men  kneled'uounc  £  proursed 
faithfully  to  serue  him  and  duely  to  obey  him,  and  rather  to  dye  then  tosufter  him  to  ltd! 
into  the  Tiandes  of  his  enemies. 

THIS  done,  the  kyng  thought  surely  in  his  conceipte  all  sedicion-to  be  drouned' &  vtter- 
ly  extincte.  But  if  he  had  cast  his  eye  to  the  tyre  that  was  newly  kindled,  he  should  haue 
surely  sene  an  horrible  flame  incesed  against  the  walles  of  Ins  o>'iie  house  and  family,  by 
the  which  in  conclusion  his  line  and  stocke  was  cleane  destroyed  and  consumed  to  ashes, 
whiche  tyre  at  that  verye  tyme  paraduenture  might  haue  bene  quenched  and  put  out.  For 
diuerse  write  that  Richard  earle  of  Cambridge  did  not  conspire  with  the  lorde  Scrope  and 
sir  Thomas  Graye  to  murther  kyng  Henry  to  please  the- Frenche  Kyng  withal,  but  onely 
to  thentent  to  exalte  to  the  croune  his  brotherinlawe  Rdmond  earle  of  Marche  as  heyre  to 
duke  Lyouel.  After  whose  death  consideryng  that  the  earle  of  Marche  for  diuerse  secrete 
impediments  was  not  liable  to  haue  generacion,  he  was  sure  that  the  croune  should  come 
to  him  by  his  wife,  or  to  his  children.  And  thevtbie  it  is  to  be  thought  that  he  rather  cofess- 
ed  him  selfe  for  nede  of  money  to  be  corrupted  by  the  Free  he  kyng,  then  he  would  declare 
his  inwarde  mynd  &  open  his  very  entent.  For  surely  he  s.iwe  that  if  his  purpose  were  es- 
pied, the  earle  of  March  should  haut;  dronken  of  the  same  cup  that  he  did,  and  what  should 
haue  come  to  his  owne  children  he  muciie  doubted.  And  theifore  beyng  destitute  of  com- 
fort and  in  di-payre  of  life,  to  saue  ins  children  he  fayu  d  that  tale,  de^iryng  rather  to  saue 
his  succession  then  him  selfe,  winch  lie  did  in  dede  For  Richard  duke  of  Yoike  his  sonne 
not  priuely  but  openly  claimed  the  croine,  and  Kdward  fiis  sonne  bu'.h  claimed  &  gained  it 
as  hereafter  you  shall  heare,  which  tiiyng  at  thibt;ni'.'  if  kyug  Henry  had  foresene  I  doubt 
whether  either  euer  that  line  should  haue  euiier  claimed  tiie  gariaiide  or  gained  the  game. 

3  WHEN. 

62  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

WHEN  the  wynde  was  prosperous  and  pleasaunt  for  the  nauye  to  set  forward,  they 
waicd  vp  the  Ankers  and  hoysed  vp  their  sailes  and  set  forward  with.  xv.  C.  shippes  on  the 
vigile  of  the  Assumpcion  of  our  Lady  and  toke  land  at  Caux,  comonly  called  Kyd  Caux 
(where  the  riuei'of  Seine  runneth  into  the  sea)  without  resistencc  or  bludsheddyng.  The 
kyng  was  lodged  on  the  shore  in  a  small  priory  with  the  dukes  of  Clarece  and  Gloucester  his 
bretherne:  the  duke  of  Excetter  and  Yorke,  the  carles,  Marshal,  Oxforde,  Suffolke,  War- 
wicke  and  other  lordes  were  lodged  not  farre  fro  him.  The  next  day  after,  he  marched 
towarde  the  toune  of  Ilarflewe  standing  on  the  riuer  of  Seyne  betwene  two  hilles  and 
besieged  it  on  euery  parte.  The  capitaine  of  the  toune  was  the  lorde  Escouteuile  with  the 
lorde  Blaynuile  of  Hacqueuile,  the  lordes  of  Harmanuile  of  Galarde  Boyes,  of  Clere  de 
Becton,  ofAdsandies,  of  Brian,  of  Gaucort,  of  Lisleadarn  and  many  other. 

THE  Frenche  kyng  beyng  aducrtised  of  the  kynges  arriuall,  sente  in  all  the  hast  the 
lorde  Pelabreche  constable  of  Fraunce  and  the  lorde  Bonciqualt  Marshall  of  Fraiice,  the 
Seneschal  ofllenaude,  the  lorde  Ligny  and  diuerse  otlier  capitaines,  whiclie  fortified  tonnes 
with  men  vitaile  and  artillary  on  all  the  sea  coaste.  And  heryng  that  the  kyng  of  England 
had  besieged  Harflew  at  his  first  landyng,  carne  to  the  castle  of  Cawdebec  beyng  not  farre 
from  Harflewe,  to  thentent  to  succour  their  frendes  which  wer  besieged  if  thei  might  by  any 
pollicy  or  inuencion,  and  if  not,  then  they  imagined  how  to  sleye  and  hurte  the  Englishe- 
iTien  when  they  went  into  the  countree  on  foragvng  for  bcastcs  and  vitaill  and  so  trappe  and 
dcstroye  them,  for  thei  costrued  with  themsclfes  that  their  vitaile  would  sone  faile  because  of 
the  ay  re  of  the  sea  and  smell  of  the  water.  But  they  were  deceiued,  for  notwithstandyng 
the  prouision  and  pollicy  of  the  Frenchemen,  the  Englishmen  forrayed  the  countree,  spoyl- 
ed  the  villages  and  brought  many  a  riche  praie  to  the  Campe  before  Ilarflewe.  Thenglish- 
men  daily  ceassed  no!:  to  assaile  the  toune,  the  duke  of  Gloucester  to  who  the  ordre  of  the 
assaulte  was  comitted,  made  thre  mynes  vnder  the  ground  &  approched  the  walles  with 
ordiuaunce  and  engyues,  and  would  not  sutfre  theim  within  to  reste  at  any  tyme.  The 
kyng  liyng  on  the  hill  side  with  his  battail  did  not  onely  kepe  the  Frenchmen  from  succoryng 
of  the  toune,  but  also  toke  a\vaie  from  the  tounes  men  all  the  hope  and  trust  of  their  succor, 
aide  and  relief,  and  also  al  the  gonnepouder  that  was  sent  by  the  Frenche  kyng  to  them 
that  wer  beseged  was  taken  by  thenglishmen.  The  capitaines  of  the  Freeh  men  within  the 
toune  perceitied  that  they  wer  not  able  to  resist  the  continuall  inuasions  and  hourelyassaultes 
of  the  fierce  Englishemenne,  and  knowyng  that  their  walles  were  vnder  my  ned  and  shortely 
like  to  fal,  &  feryng  tliat  might  happe  of  the  chance  if  thei  should  fortune  to  be  ouercome 
and  take  by  force,  desired  of  the  kyng  of  England  only  truce  for  thre  daies,  promisyng 
that  if  they  were  not  reskewed  within  thesame  tyme,  then  thei  to  yeld  themselfes  and  the 
toune  their  hues  only  saued.  And  to  performe  this,  they  deliuered  into  the  kynges  pos- 
session, xxx.  of  the  beste  capitaines  and  Marchauntes  of  the  toune.  The  kyng  of  Englande 
accepted  this  oft're,  lest  he  entendyng  greater  exploites  might  lese  his  tyme  in  suche  small 
matters.  When  this  composicion  was  agreed,  the  lorde  Hacqueuile  was  sent  to  the  French 
kyng  to  declare  the  necessite  of  the  toune  and  the  shorte  tyme  of  the  truce.  To  who  the 
dolphin  aunswered  that  the  kynges  power  was  not  yet  assembled  in  suche  a  nombre  as  was 
conuenient  to  raise  so  greate  a  siege.  When  the  aunswer  was  reported  to  the  capitaines, 
they  seyng  no  hope  nor  similitude  of  aide  and  comfort  to  them  commyng,  after  the  third 
daie  rendered  to  the  kyng  of  Englacl  the  toune,  beyng  the.  xxxvij.  daie  after  that  it  was 
besieged,  whiche  was  the  daie  of  sainct  Mawrice,  to  the  greate  abashement  of  all  Nor- 
mandy, for  it  was  the  soueraigne  porte  of  al  that  countree.  The  souicliours  wer 
rauDSOined  and  the  toune  was  sacked  to  the  greate  gayne  of  the  Englishemen.  The 
kyng  of  Englande  ordeignod  capitain  of  the  toune  of  Harflew  his  vncle  Thomas 
duke  of  Exccsler  whiche  established  his  leuetenaunt  there  Ihon  Fastolfte  with.  xv.  C.  inenl 
and.  xxxv.  knightes,  whereof  the  Baron  of  Carew  &  sir  Hugh  Lutterell  were  two  coun-' 
saillcrs.  And  because  diuerse  of  his  nobles  liyng  Harflew  were  sicke  of  the  flixe  and  many 
wer  ded,  emongest  who  therle  of  Stafford,  the  bishop  of  Norwich,  the  lordes  Molins  and 

1  Burnell 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  63 

Burnell  wer  foure  beside  other.  The  kyng  licensed  the  duke  of  Clarence  his  brother,  Ihon 
erle  Marshall  and  Ihon  erle  of  Arundel  beyng  infected  \vith  tliat  desease  to  returne  into 

KYNG  Henry  not  a  litle  reioysyng  of  his  good  lucke  and  fortunate  successe  in  the 
begin nyng  of  his  pretensed  conquest,  determined  withal  diligence  to  set  forward  in  perform- 
yng  his  intended  purpose  and  warrely  enterprise,  but  because  Wynter  approched  faster  and 
more  furiously  then  before  that  tyme  had  been  accustomed,  he  was  sore  troubled  and  vexed. 
For  the  whiche  cause  he  called  together  al  the  Cheuetaines  and  men  of  pollicy  in  his  annie 
to  consult  vpo  the  procedyng  forward  and  to  be  sure  of  waie  and  redy  passage.  After  long 
debatyng  and  muche  reasonyng,  it  was  as  a  thyng  bothe  necessary  and  conueniente  and  fully 
agreed  and  determined  to  set  forwarde  withall  diligence  before  the  dedde  tyme  of  Winter 
approched,  toward  the  toune  of  Caleis.  And  because  their  goyng  forward  should  be  called 
of  slaunderous  tongues  a  runnyngorfliyng  awaie,  it  was  decreed  that  the  whole  armie  should 
passe  the  next  waie  by  lande  through  the  middest  of  their  enemies,  and  yet  that  ionrney 
was  iudged  perilous  by  reason  that  the  numbre  was  muche  minished  by  the  flyxe  and  other 
feuers,  which  sore  vexed  and  brought  to  death  aboue.  xv.  C.  persones,  whiche  was  the  very 
cause  that  the  returne  was  soner  concluded  and  appoincted :  but  before  his  departyng  he 
entered  into  the  toune  of  Harflew  and  went  on  foote  to  the  churcheof  sainct  Martynes  and 
there  offered.  And  all  the  men  of  warr  which  had  not  paied  their  raunsome,  he  sware 
them  on  the  holy  Euangelistes  to  yeld  themselfes  prisoners  at  Caleis  by  the  feast  of  S.  Mar- 
tyn  in  Nouember  nexte,  diuerse  of  the  burgesses  he  highly  raunsomed,  and  a  greate  part 
of  the  women  and  children  he  expelled  the  toune,  geuyng  to  euery  poore  creature  flue 
sowse.  The  priestes  had  licence  to  depart  leuyng  behinde  them  their  substaunce.  The 
goodes  in  the  toune  wer  innumerable  whiche  wer  al  praie  to  the  Englishemen,  whiche  sent 
the  best  into  Englande  as  a  remembraunce  of  good  lucke.  There  were  twoo  strong  toures 
standyng  on  the  hauen  side,  whiche  lokyng  for  aid  did  not  yelde  ten  daies  after  the  toune 
was  rendered. 

WHEN  the  kyng  had  repaired  the  walles,  fortefied  the  bulwarkes  refresshed  the  ram- 
piers  and  furnished  the  toune  with  vitail  and  artillary,  he  remoued  from  Harflew  toward 
Pountoyse,  entendyng  to  pas  the  riuer  of  Some  with  his  armie  before  the  bridges  were  ether 
withdrawen  or  broken.  The  Frenche  kyng  hearyng  that  the  toune  of  Harflewe  was  gotten 
and  that  the  kyng  of  Englande  was  marchyng  forwarde  into  the  bowelles  of  the  realme,  sente 
out  proclamacions  and  assembled  people  in  euery  quarter,  comittyng  the  whole  charge  of 
his  armie  to  his  sonne  the  Dolphin  &  the  duke  of  Aquitayn,  whiche  incontinent  caused  the 
brydges  to  be  broken  and  all  the  passages  to  be  defended,  beside  that  they  caused  all  come 
and  other  vitaill  to  be  destroied  in  all  places  where  they  coniectured  that-thenglishmen  would: 
repaire  or  passe  through,  to  thentent  that  they  might  ether  kepe  the  in  a  place  certain  with- 
out any  passage  or  departure,  and  so  to  destroye  them  at  their  pleasures,  or  els  to  kepe 
theim  in  a  straite  without  vitailes  or  comfort,  and  so  by  famyne  ether  cause  them  to  dye 
or  yelde. 

THE  kyng  of  Englande  afflicted  with  all  these  incomoditees  at  one  tyme  was  nether  dis- 
maied  nor  discoraged,  but  keping  furth  his  iorney  approched  to  the  riuer  of  Some,  where 
he  perceiued  that  all  the  bridges  wer  by  his  enemies  broken  and  vnframed:  wherfore  he  came 
to  the  passage  called  Blanchetaque  where  kyng  Edwardes  greate  graundfather  passed  the 
riuer  of  Some  before  the  battaill  of  Cressy.     But  the  passage  was  so  kepte  that  he  could 
not  passe  without  great  daunger,  consideryng  that  his  enemies  wer  at  his  backe  &  before 
his  face.     Wherfore  he  passed  forward  to  Arannes,  burnyng  villages  &  takyng  greate  booties- 
and  euery  daie  he  sent  his  light  horsemen  abrode  to  spye  and  seke  what  perilles  ther  wer  at 
hand,  what  embushments  ther  wer  laid  on  the  one  side  or  thother,  &  to  find  out  where  he 
might  most  sanely  pas  the  riuer.     The  espialles  returned  and  declared  for  a  truth  that  the* 
coutree  swarmed  with  men  of  warre,  wherof  he  beyng  aduertised,  set  furth  in  good  ordre,, 
kepyng  still  his  waie  forwarde  and  so  ordred  his  armie  and  placed  his  cariage,  that  hauyng: 


6+  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

his  enemie*  on  both  side*  of  him,  he  passed  so  terribly  that  his  enemies  wer  afraid  ancc  te 
offre  hym  battaill,  and  yet  the  lorde  Delabreth  Constable  of  Fraunce,  the  Marshall  Bonce- 
qualt,  the  erleof  Vandosme  greate  Master  of  Fraunce  and  the  lorde  Dampier  Admirall  of 
Fraunce,  the  duke  of  Alanson  and  the  erle  of  Richemonde  vvithall  the  puyssance  of  the 
Dolphin  laie  at  Abbeuile  and  durste  not  once  touche  his  battailes,  but  euer  kepte  the  pas- 
sages and  coasted  alofe  like  a  hauke  that  liketh  not  her  praie.  The  kyng  of  Englande  still 
kept  on  his  iourney  till  he  came  to  the  bridge  of  saincte  Maxence,  where  he  founde  aboue 
xxx. M.  Frenchemen  and  there  pitched  his  felde,  lokyng  surely  to  be  set  on  and  fought 
withal.  Wherfore  to  encorage  his  capitaines  the  more,  he  dubbed  certain  of  his  hardy  & 
valeant  gentlemen  knightes,  as  Ih5  lord  Ferreis  of  Groby,  Reignold  of  Greistocke,  Piers 
Tempest,  Christopher  Morisby,  Thomas  Pikering,  Willifi  Huddleston,  Ihon  Hosbalton, 
Henry  Mortimer,  Philip  Halle  &  Willia  his  brother,  &  laques  de  Ormod  &  diuerse 
other.  But  when  he  saw  y  the  Frenchmen  made  no  semblance  to  fight,  he  departed 
in  good  ordre  of  battail  by  the  toune  of  Amiece  to  a  toune  nere  to  a  castle  called 
Bowes,  and  there  laie  twoo  daies,  euery  houre  lookyng  for  battaill.  And  from  thence  he 
came  nere  to  Corby  where  he  wasstaied  that  night  by  reason  that  the  come  people  and  pey- 
sants  of  the  countree  assembled  in  greate  nombre,  .and  the  men  of  Armes  of  the  garrison  of 
Corby  skirmished  with  his  armie  in  the  mornyng,  which  tariyng  was  to  hym  bothe  ioyous 
and  profitable,  for  there  he  discomfited  the  crew  of  horsmen  &  draue  the  rustical  people 
euen  to  their  gates,  &  also  found  there  thesame  daie  a  shalow  forde  betwene  Corby  & 
Peron,  whiche  neuer  was  espied  before.  At  the  whiche  he,  his  armie  &  cariages  the  night 
ensuyng  passed  the  great  riuer  of  Some  without  let  or  daungier,  the  morowe  after  sainct 
Lukes  daie,  determined  withall  diligence  to  passe  to  Caleis,  and  not  to  seke  for  battail 
except  he  wer  therto  constrained  &  compelled,  because  that  his  armie  by  sickenesse  was 
sore  minished  and  appaired,  for  he  had  onely  two.  M.  horsemen  and.  xiii.M.  Archers,  bill 
men  and  of  all  sortes.  The  Englishemen  were  afflicted  in  this  iourney  with  an  hundred 
discomodities,  for  their  vitaile  was  in  maner  all  spent,  and  nevve  they  could  get  none,  for 
their  enemies  had  destroyed  all  the  corne  before  their  comyng:  Rest  they  could  take  none, 
for  their  enemies  wer  euer  at  hande,  daily  it  reined  and  nightly  it  fresed,  of  fuell  was 
skacenes  and  of  fluxes  was  plenty,  money  they  had  ynough  but  comforle  thei  had  none. 
And  yet  in  this  great  necessitee  the  poore  folkes  wer  not  spoyled  nor  any  thyng  without  pai- 
nient  was  .of  the  .extorted,  nor  great  offence  was  doen  except  one,  whiche  was  that  a  fool- 
ishe  souldier  stale  a  pixe  out  of  a  churche  and  vnreuerently  did  eate  the  holy  hostes  with- 
in thesame  conteigned.  For  whiche  cause  he  was  apprehended,  and  the  kyng  would  not 
once  remoue  till  the  vessel  was  restored  &  the  offender  strangled.  The  people  of  the 
countrees  there  aboute  hearyngof  his  straight  iustice  &  godly  mynd,  ministered  tohym  bothe 
vitailes  &  other  necessaries,  although  by  open  proclamacio  they  wer  therof  prohibited. 

THE  Frenche  kyng  beyng  at  Roan,  hearyng  that  the  kyng  of  Englande  was  passed  the 
water  .of  .Some,  was  not  a  little  discontente,  and  assembled  his  counsaill  to  the  numbre  of. 
xxxv.  »to  consult  what  should  be  doen,  the  chief  whereof  were  the  Dolphin  his  sonne 
whose  name  was  Lewes,  callyng  hymself  kyng  of  Cicile,  the  dukes  of  Berry  &  Britayn 
therle  of  Pontieu  the  kynges  youngest  sonne  and  diuerse  other,  wherof  xxx.  agreed  that  the 
Englishmen  should  not  departe  vnfoughten  with  all,  and  fiue  wer  of  the  contrary  opinion, 
tut  the  greater  niwnbre  ruled  the  matter.  And  so  Mountioye  kyng  at  Armes  was  sent  to  the 
kyng  of  Englande  to  ,defie  hym  as  the  enemie  of  Fraunce,  and  to  tell  hym  that  heshould 
shortly  haue  battaill.  Kyng  Henry  soberly  aunswered  :  Sir  myne  entent  and  desire  is  none 
other,  but  to  do  as  it  pleaseth  Almighty  God  and  as  it  hecometh  me,  for  surely  I  will  Tiot  eeke 
your  Master  at  this  tyme,  but  if  .he  or  his  seke  me  I  wil  willyngly  fight  with  hym.  And  if 
any  of  your  nacion  attempt  once  to  stoppe  me  in  my  iourney  toward  Caleis,  at  their  ieopardy 
be  it,  and  yet  my  desire  is  that  none  of  you  be  so  vnaduised  or  harebrained  as  to  be  the 
,ftcc.asi.on  that  I  in  my  defence  shall  coloure  and  make  redde  your  tawny  grounde  with  the 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  65 

deathes  of  your  selfes  and  theffusion  of  Christen  bloud.     When  he  had  aunswered  the 
harauld ,  he  gaue  to  him  a  great  reward  &  liceced  him  to  depart. 

WHEN  the  Lordes  of  Fraunce  heard  the  kyng  of  Englandes  answere,  it  was  inconti- 
nent proclayrned,  that  all  men  of  warre  should  resorte  to  the  Constable  of  Fraunce  to  fight 
with  the  kyng  of  Englande  and  his  puissaunce.  Wherupon  all  men  accustomed  to  beare 
Armure  and  desirous  to  wyn  honor  through  the  realme  of  Fraunce  drewe  toward  the  fold. 
The  Dolphyn  sore  desired  to  bee  at  that  battaile,  but  he  was  prohibited  by  the  kyng  his  fa- 
ther, likewise  Philip  erle  of  Charolous  sonne  to  the  Duke  of  Burgoyn  would  gladly  haue 
been  at  that  noble  assemble  if  the  duke  his  father  would  haue  suffred  hym,  but  many  of  his 
men  stale  awaie  and  went  to  the  Frenchemen. 

THE  Kyng  of  Englande  informed  by  his  espialles  that  the  daie  of  battail  was  nerer  then 
he  loked  for,  dislodged  from  Bomyers  &  roade  in  good  arraie  through  the  faire  piaine  beside 
the  toune  of  Blangy,  where  to  the  intent  that  his  armie  should  not  bee  included  in  a  streight 
or  driuen  to  a  corner,  he  chose  a  place  mete  and  conueniente  for  two  armies  to  darrayne  bat- 
tail  betwene  the  tounes  of  Blangy  and  Agincourte,  where  he  pight  his  felde. 

THE  Constable  of  Fraunce,  the  Marshall,  the  Admirall,  the  Lorde  Rambures  Master  of 
the  Crossebowes  and  diuerse  lordes  and  knightes  pitched  their  banners  nere  to  the  banner 
royall  of  the  Constable  in  the  Countee  of  sainct  Paule  within  the  territory  of  Agincourte,  by 
the  whiche  waie  the  Englishernen  muste  nedes  passe  towarde  Caleis.  The  Frenchemen 
made  greate  fires  about  their  banners,  and  they  were  in  numbre  had.  Ix.  M.  horsemen,  as 
their  owne  historians  and  writers  affirme,  beside  footemen  pages  and  wagoners,  and  all  that 
night  made  greate  chere  and  were  rery  mery.  The  Englishmen  that  night  sounded  their  trom- 
pettes  and  diuecse  instrumentes  Musicall  with  greate  melody,  and  yet  they  were  bottie  hungery, 
wery,  sore  traueled  and  rnuche  vexed  with  colde  deseases:  Howbeit  tliey  made  peace  with 
God,  in  confessyng  their  synnes,  requiring  hym  of  help,  and  receiuyng  the  holy  sacramente, 
cuery  man  encouragyng  and  determinyng  clerely  rather  to  die  then  either  to  yelde  or  Hie. 

NOW  approched  the  fortunate  faire  daie  to  the  Englishemen  and  the  infest  and   vnlucky  The }« 
daie  to  the  Frenche  nobilitee,  whiche  was  the  fiue  and  twentv  daie  of  October  in  the  vere  of  of  Affin" 

v  */  CO11! ' . 

our  Lorde  lesu  Chnste  a  thousande  foure  hundred  and  fifteene,  bceyng  then  Fridaie  and 
the  daie  of  Crispin  and  Crispinian.  On  tlie  whiche  daie  in  the  mornyng,  the  Frenche 
menne  made  thre  battailes :  In"  the  \raward  wer  eight  thousande  Ilealmes  of  Knightes  and 
Esquiers  and  foure  thousande  Archers  and  fiftene  hundred- Crosebowes,  which  were  guyded 
by  the  Lord  Delabret  Constable  of  Fraunce,  hauyng  with  hym  the  dukes  of  Orlcaunce  and 
Burbone,  therles  of  Ewe  and  Richmond  the  Marshall  Bonciqualt  and  the  Master  of  the 
Crosebowes,  the  Lorde  Dampier  Admirall  of  Fraunce  and  other  capitaincs.  And  the  erle 
of  Vandosme  and  other  the  kynges  officers  with.  xvj.  C.  men  of  Armes  wer  01  dred  for  a. 
wyng  to  that  battail.  And  the  other  wyng  was  guided  by  sir  Guyshard  Dolphyn  and  sir 
Clugnet  of  Brabant  and  sir  Lewes  of  Burbon  with.  viij.  C.  menne  of  Armes,  of  chosen 
and  elect  persones.  And  to  breake  the  shot  of  the  Englishemen  wer  appoincled  sir 
Guylliii  of  Sauesens  with  Hector  and  Philip  his  brethren.  Ferry  of  Maylley  and  Alen  of 
Gaspanes  with  other,  viij.  C.  men  cf  Armes.  In  the  midle  ward  wer  assigned  as  many  per- 
soues  or  mo  as  wer  in  the  formoste  battail,  and  therof  was  the  charge  comitted  to  the  dukes 
of  Barr  and  Alenson,  therles  of  Neuers,  Vawdemont,  Blamout,  Salynges,  Grafitpree  and  of. 
Roussy.  And  in  the  rerewarde  were  all  the  other  men  of  Armes,  guyded  by  the  erics  of. 
Marie,  Dampmartyne,  Fawquenberge  and  the  Lorde  of  Lourrey  Capitayne  of  Arclc,  who 
had  with  hym  men  of  the  Frontiers  of  Bolonoys. 

WHEN  these  battailes  were  thus  ordred,  it  was  a.  glorious  sight  to  behold  the,  and  surely 
they  wer  estetned  to  be  in  numbre  sixe  times  as  many  or  more  then  was  the  whole  compaigny 
of  the  Englishmen  with  wagoners  pages  and  all.  Tims  the  Frenchmen  wer  euery  man  vnder 
his  banner  only  waityog  for  the  blouddy  blast  of  the  terrible  trompet,  and  in  this  ordre  they 
continued  restyng  themselfes  and  reconciling  euery  one  to  other  for  all  old  rancors  and  hatredcs 
whiche  had  been  betwene  theim,  till  the  houre  betwene.  ix.  and,  x.  of  the  daie.  Duryng 

K  whiche 

66  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

whiche  season,  the  Constable  of  Fraunce  saied  openly  to  the  capitayues  iu  effecte  as  fo- 

The  ornciou  FIIENDES  and  companions  in  armes,  I  canot  but  bothe  reioyce  and  lament  the  chances 
°faUeof 5"  ^  f°rtunes  °f  these  two  armies  whiche  I  openly  se  and  behold  with  myne  iyes  here  presente. 
j>»uce.  I  reioyce  for  the  victor ie  whiche  I  se  at  hand  for  our  part,  and  I  lamet  and  sorow  for  the 
misery  and  calamitee  whiche  I  perceiue  to  approche  to  the  otherside:  For  wee  cannot  but 
be  victours  and  triuphant  conquerors,  for  who  saw  euer  so  florisshyng  an  armie  within 
any  Christian  region,  or  suche  a  multitude  of  valiaunt  persones  in  one  compaignie?  Is  not 
here  the  flower  of  the  Frenche  nacion  on  barded  horsses  with  sharpe  speares  and  dedly  wea- 
pons? Are  not  here  the  bold  Britons  with  fiery  handgones  and  sharpe  swerdes?  Se  you 
uot  present  the  practised  Pickardes  with  strong  and  weightie  Crossebowes?  Beside  these, 
we  haue  the  fierce  Brabanders  &  strong  Almaines  with  long  pykes  and  cuttyng  slaughmesses. 
And  on  the  otherside  is  a  s?mal  handfull  of  pore  Englishmen  whiche  are  entred  into  this  re- 
gion in  hope  of  some  gain  or  desire  of  proffite,  whiche  by  reson  that  their  vitaill  is  cosumed 
&  spent,  are  by  daily  famyn  sore  wekened,  consumed  &  almost  without  spirites*  for  their 
force  is  clerly  abated  and  their  strength  vtterly  decaied,  so  ^  or  the  battailes  shall  ioyne 
they  shalbe  for  very  feblenes  vaquished  &  ouercom,  &  in  stede  of  men  ye  shal  fight  with 
shadowes.  For  you  must  vnderstand,  y  kepe  an  Englishma.  one  moneth  from  his  warme  bed, 
fat  befeand  stale  drynke,  and  let  him  that  season  tast  colde  and  suflfre  hunger,  you  then  shall 
se  his  courage  abated,  his  bodye  waxe  leane  and  bare,  and  euer  desirous  to  returne  into  his 
owne  countrey.  Experience  now  declareth  this  to  be  true,  for  if  famine  had  not  pinched 
them,  or  colde  wether  had  not  nipped  them  surely  they  would  haue  made  their  progresse 
farther  into  Fraunce,  and  not  by  so  many  perilous  passages  retired  towarde  Calays.  Suche 
courage  is  in  Englishmen  when  fayre  weather  and  vitaile  folow  them,  and  suche  vveaknes 
they  haue  when  famine  and  cold  vexe  and  trouble  them.  Therfore  nowe  it  is  no  mastery  to 
vanquishe  and  ouerthrowe  them,  beyng  both  wery  &  weake,  for  by  reason  of  feblenes  and 
faintnes  their  weapones  shal  fal  out  of  their  handes  when  they  prefer  to  strike,  so  that  ye  may 
no  easilier  kyll  a  poore  shepe  then  destroye  them  beyng  alredy  sicke  &  hungerstaruen.  But 
imagyn  that  they  wer  lusty,  strong  and  couragious,  and  then  ponder  wisely  the  cause  of  their 
comyng  hither,  and  the  meanyng  of  their  enterprice:  Fyrst  their  king  a  yong  striplyng  (more 
mete  for  a  tenice  playe  then  a  warlike  campe),  claimeth  the  croune,  scepter  and  souereign- 
tie  of  the  verye  substance  of  the  Frenche  nacion  by  battaile:  then  he  and  his  entende  to  oc- 
cupy this  countrey,  inhabite  this  land,  destroy  our  wiues  and  children,  extinguishe  our  blud 
and  put  our  names  in  the  blacke  boke  of  obliuion.  Wherfore  remembre  wel,  in  what 
quarel  can  you  better  fight  then  for  the  tuicio  of  your  nataral  countrey,  the  honor  of  your 
prince,  the  surety  of  your  children  and  the  sauegard  of  your  land  and  Hues.  If  these 
causes  do  not  encourage  you  to  fight,  beholde  before  your  eyes  the  tetes  of  your  enemies, 
with  treasure,  plate  &  Jewels  wel  stuffed  and  richely  furnished,  which  pray  is  surely  yours 
if  euery  ma  strike  but  one  stroke,  besyde  the  great  raunsomes  whiche  shalbe  paied  for 
riche  capitaines  and  welthy  prisoners,  whiche  as  surely  shall  be  yours  as  you  now  had 
them  in  your  possession.  Yet  this  thyng  I  charge  you  withal,  that  in  nowise  the  kyng 
him  selfe  be  killed,  but  by  force  or  otherwise  to  be  appreheded  &  taken  to  the  entent  that 
with  glorye  &  triumphe  we  may  conuey  him  openly  through  the  noble  cytie  of  Paris  to  oure 
kyng  and  dolphyn  as  a  testimony  of  our  victory  &  witnes  of  our  noble  act.  And  of  this 
thyng  you  be  sure,  that  fly  they  cannot,  and  to  yelde  to  our  fight  of  necessitie  they  shalbe 
compiled.  Therfore  good  felowes  take  courage  to  you,  the  victory  is  yours,  the  gaine  is 
yours  &  the  honor  is  yours  without  great  laboure  or  muche  losse. 

KYNG  Henry  also  like  a  leader  &  not  like  one  led,  like  a  souereigne  and  not  like  a 
souldior  ordred  his  men  for  his  most  aduantage  like  an  expert  capitaine  and  a  couragious 
warrier.  And  fyrst  he  sent  priuely  CC.  archers  into  a  low  medowe  which  was  nere  to  the 
forward  of  his  enemies,  but  separate  with  a  great  diche,  and  were  there  commaunded  to  kepe 
them  selues  close  tyl  they  had  a  token  to  them  geuen  to  shote  at  their  aduersaries.  Beside 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  67 

this  he  appoincted  a  vawarde,  of  the  which  he  made  capitayne  Edward  duke  of  Yorke  whiche 
of  a  hauie  courage  had  of  the  kyng  required  and  obteined  that  office:  and  with  him  were 
the  lordes  Beaumond,  Wylloughby  and  Fanhope,  and  this  battaile  was  all  archers.  Tlie 
middle  ward  was  gouerned  by  the  kyng  him  self  with  his  brother  the  duke  of  Gloucester, 
&  theories  Marshal,  Oxford  andSuffolke,  in  the  which  wer  al  the  strong  bilmen,  The  duke 
of  Exceter  vncle  to  the  kyng  led  the  rercward,  whiche  was  mixed  both  with  archers  &  bil- 
inen.  The  horsemen  like  winges  went  on  euery  side  of  the  battaile.  When  the  king  had  thus 
ordred  his  battaile,  like  a  puissaunt  coqueror  without  feare  of  his  enemies,  yet  cosiderlng  the 
multitude  of  them  farre  to  excede  the  smal  nombre  of  his  people,  doubtyng  that  the 
Frenchemen  would  compasse  and  beset  him  aboute,  and  so  fight  with  him  on  euery  side,  to 
thentent  to  vaquish  the  power  of  the  French  horsmen  whiche  might  breake  the  ordre  and 
arraye  of  his  Archers,  in  whom  the  whole  force  of  the  baitaile  did  consist  and  in  maner  re- 
maine  he  caused  stakes  bound  with  yron  sharpe  at  both  endes  of  the  length  of  v.  or.  vi. 
fote  to  be  pitched  before  the  Archers  and  of  euery  side  the  fote  men  like  an  edge,  to  the 
entent  that  if  the  barde  horses  ranne  rashely  vpo  them,  they  might  shortely  be  gored  and  de- 
stroied,  &  appointed  certeine  persons  to  remoue  the  stakes  when  the  Archers  inoued,  and 
as  tyme  required :  so  that  the  fotemen  were  hedged  about  with  the  stakes,  and  the  horsemen 
stode  like  a  bulwerke  betwene  the  and  their  enemies  without  the  stakes.  This  deuice  of 
fortifiyng  an  armye  was  at  this  tyme  fyrst  inuented,  but  sence  that  tyme,  they  haue 
imagined  caltrappes,  harowes  and  other  newe  trickes  to  defende  the  force  of  the  hors- 
men so  that  if  the  enemies  at  auenture  runne  against  their  engines,  either  sodeinly  their 
horses  be  wounded  with  the  stakes,  or  their  feete  hurt  with  the  other  engines,  so  that  of 
very  necessitie  for  paine,  the  sely  pore  beastes  are  compelled  to  fal  and  tumble  to  the 
ground.  When  he  had  ordred  thus  his  baitailes,  he  left  a  smal  company  to  kepe  his 
campe  &  baggage,  and  then  callyng  his  capitaines  and  soldiours  about  him,  he  made  to 
them  an  heartie  Oracion  in  effect  as  foloweth,  saiyng. 

WELBELOUED  frendes  and  countrymen,  I  exhort  you  heartely  to  thinke  and  con-  ^  °™rioa 
ceiue  in  yourselues  that  this  daye  shalbe  to  vs  all  a  day  of  ioy,  a  day  of  good  lucke  and  a  day  Hcnr/the 
of  victory:  For  truely  if  you  well  note  and  wisely  considre  all  thynges,  almighty  God  vnder  whose  fiftl 
protection  we  be  come  hither,  hath  appoincted  a  place  so  mete  and  apt  for  our  purpose  as  we 
our  selves  could  nether  haue  deuised  nor  wished  whiche  as  it  is  apt  and  conuenient  for  our 
smal  nombre  and  litle  army  so  is  it  vnprofitable  and  vnmete  for  a  great  multitude  to  fi^ht  or 
geue  battaile  in :  and  in  especial  for  suche  men  in  whom  is  neither  constant  faith  nor  securitie 
of  promise,  whiche  persons  be  of  God  neither  fauored  nor  regarded,  nor  he  is  not  accustomed 
to  ayde  and  succoure  suche  people  whiche  by  force  and  strength  contrary  to  right  & 
reason  detain  and  kepe  from  other  their  iust  patrimony  and  lauful  inheritance,  with  whiche 
blotte  and  spotte  the  Frenche  nacion  is  apparantly  defyled  and  distained:  so  that  God  of 
his  iustice  wyll  scourge  and  aflicte  them  for  their  manifest  iniuries  and  open  wronges  to  vs 
and  our  realme  dayly  committed  and  done.  Therfore  puttyng  your  onely  trust  in  him, 
let  not  their  multitude  feare  youre  heartes,  nor  their  great  nombre  abate  your  courage : 
for  surely  old  warlike  fathers  haue  both  said  and  written  that  the  more  people  that  an  army 
is,  the  lesse  knowledge  the  multitude  hath  of  material  feates  or  politique  practises,  whiche 
rude  rustical  and  ignorant  persons  shalbe  in  the  feld  vnto  hardy  capitaines  and  lusty 
men  of  warre  a  great  let  and  sore  impediment.  And  though  they  al  were  of  Jike  pollicy,  like 
audacitie  and  of  one  vniforme  experience  in  rnarcial  affayres,  yet  we  ought  neither  to  feare 
them  nor  once  to  shrinke  for  them  consideryng  that  we  come  in  the  right,  whiche  euer  of 
God  is  fauored,  set  furth  and  auansed:  in  whiche  good  and  iust  quarel  al  good  persons 
shal  rather  set  bothe  theyr  feete  forward,  then  once  to  turne  theyr  one  heale  backward. 
For  if  you  aduenture  your  Hues  in  so  iust  a  battaile  &  so  good  a  cause,  whiche  way  so- 
euer  fortune  turne  her  whele,  you  shalbe  sure  of  fame,  glory  and  renoune:  If  you  be 
victors  and  ouercome  your  enemies,  your  strength  and  vertue  shalbe  spred  and  dispersed 
through  the  whole  world:  If  you  ouerpressed  with  s$  great  a  multitude  shal  happe  to  be 

K  2  slaine 

6*  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

slaine  or  taken  yet  neither  reproche  can  be  to  you  ascribed,  either  yet  infamy  of  you  report- 
ed, consideryng  that  Hercules  alone  was  not  equiuolent  vnto.  ii.  men,  nor  a  smal  handfull 
is  not  equal  to  a  great  nombre,  for  victory  is  the  gift  of  God  and  consistcth  not  in  the 
puissaunce  of  men.  Wherfore  manfully  set  on  your  enemies  at  theyr  fyrst  encountre, 
strike  with  a  hardy  courage  on  the  false  hearted  Frenchemen,  whom  youre  noble  aun- 
cestours  haue  so  often  ouercome  and  vanquished.  For  surely  they  be  not  so  strong  to  geue 
the  onset  vpo  you,  but  they  be  much  weaker  to  abide  your  stregth  in  a  long  fight  and  tyred 
battaile.  As  for  me  I  assure  you  al,  that  England  for  my  person  shall  neuer  paye  raun- 
some,  nor  neuer  Frencheman  shall  triumph  ouer  me  as  his  capitain,  for  this  day  by 
famous  death  or  glorious  victory  I  wyl  wynne  honor  and  obtaine  fame.  Therfore  now  ioy- 
ously  prepare  your  seines  to  the  battaile  and  couragiously  fight  with  your  enemies,  for 
at  this  very  ty me  all  the  realme  of  Englande  praieth  for  our  good  lucke  and  prosperous 

WHILE  the  kyng  was  thus  speakyng,  eche  armye  so  maligned  &  grudged  at  the  other 
beyng  in  open  sight  and  euident  apparence,  that  euery  man  cried  furth,  furth,  forward 
forward.  The  dukes  of  Clarece  Gloucester  and  Yorke  were  of  the  same  opinion,  thinkyng 
it  most  conuenient  to  marche  toward  theyr  enemies  with  al  spede  &  celeritie,  least  in  pro- 
longyng  of  tyme  and  arguyrig  of  opinions,  the  Frenche  armye  might  more  and  more 
increace  &  hourly  multiply.  Howbeit  the  kyng  taried  a  while  least  any  ieopardy  were 
not  forsene,  or  any  hazard  not  preuented. 

THE  Frenchemen  in  the  rneane  season  litle  or  nothyng  regardyng  the  small  nombre  of 
thenglishe  nacion,  were  of  suche  haute  courage  and  proud  stomackes  that  they  took  no 
thought  for  the  battaile,  as  who  saye  they  were  victours  and  ouercomers  before  any  stroke 
was  striken,  and  laughed  at  the  Englishmen,  and  for  very  prid  thought  the  selues  lifted 
into  heauen  iestyng  and  boastyng  that  they  had  thenglish  men  inclosed  in  a  straight 
and  had  ouercome  and  take  them  without  any  resistance.  The  capitaines  determined  howe 
to  deuide  the  spoyle:  the  souldiors  plaied  the  Englishmen  at  dice:  the  noble  men  deuised 
a  chariot  how  they  might  triumphantly  conueigh  kyng  Henrye  beyng  captiue  to  the  cytie 
of  Paris,  criyng  to  theyr  souldiors,  hast  your  selues  to  obtaine  spoile,  glory  and  honor,  to 
thentent  that  we  may  study  howe  to  geue  you  thankes  for  the  great  giftes  and  rewardes 
which  we  hope  to  receiue  of  your  great  liberalitie.  The  folishe  folye  of  this  vaine  solace 
brake  out  so  farre,  that  messengers  were  sent  to  the  cyties  and  tounes  adioyning,  willyng 
them  to  make  open  playes  find  triumphes,  (as  though  that  the  victory  were  to  them 
certaine  &  no  resistance  could  appeare)  and  also  to  geue  God  thankes  for  their  prosperous 
net  and  notable  dede,  not  remembryng  that  the  whjrlewynd  shortely  with  a  puft'e  blew 
away  al  their  folishe  ioy  and  phantastical  braggyng. 

Of  this  doyng  you  may  gather,  that  it  is  asmuche  madness  to  make  a  determinate  Judge- 
ment of  thinges  to  come,  as  it  is  wisdome  to  doubt  what  wyll  folowe  of  thinges  be- 
gone. I  may  not  forgdt  how  the  Freche  men  beyng  in  this  pleasaunt  pastyme,  sent  a 
herault  to  kyng  Henry  to  inquyre  what  raunsome  he  wold  offre,  and  how  he  answered 
that  within,  ii.  or.  iii.  houres  he  hoped  that  it  should  so  happen  that  the  Frenchemen 
should  comen  rather  with  thenglishmen  how  to  be  redemed,  then  the  Englishmen  should 
take  thought  how  to  pay  any  rausome  or  money  for  theyr  deliuerance:  asserteinyng  them 
for  him  selfe  that  his  dead  carion  should  rather  be  their  pray,  then  his  liuyng  body  should 
pay  any  raunsome.  When  the  messenger  was  departed,  the  Frenchmen  put  on  theyr  heal- 
mettes  and  set  the  in  ordre  vnder  theyr  banners,  richely  armed  and  gorgeously  trapped 
and  caused  theyr  trumpettes  to  blowe  to  the  battaile. 

THE  Englishemen  perceiuyng  that,  sette  a  lytle  forwarde,  before  whom  there  went  an 
old  knight  called  syr  Thomas  of  ^ierpingham,  a  man  of  great  experience  in  warre,  with 
a  warder  in  his  hand,  and  when  hrf  cast  vp  his  warder,  al  the  army  shouted,  at  the  which 
the  Frenchmen  muche  marueiled,  out  that  was  a  sign  to  the  Archers  in  the  meadowe,  which 
knowing  the  token,  shot  wholy  altogether  at  the  vavvard  of  the  Freachemen.  When  they 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  €9 


pcrceiued  the  archers  in  the  meadow,  who  they  saw  not  before,  and  sawc  they  could  not 
come  to  them  for  a  diche,  they  with  al  hast  set  on  kyng  Henries  forwarde,  hut  or  they' 
ioyned,  the  archers  in  the  forfront  and  the  archers  on  the  side  whiche  stode  in  the  meadow, 
so  wounded  the  iblenien,  so  galled  the  horses  and  so  combred  the  men  of  armes  that  the 
fotemen  durst  not  go  forward,  the  horsemen  rune  in  plumpes  without  drdre,  some  ouer- 
threw  his  felovv,  and  horses  ouerthrew  their  maisters:  So  at  the  fyrst  ioyuyng,  as  the  Frenchemen 
wer  clcarely  discouraged,  so  thenglishmen  were  muche  chered.  When  the  Frenche  vaward  was 
thus  discomfited,  the  English  archers  cast  away  theyr  bowes  &  tokeinto  theyr  handes  axes, 
nialles  and  swordes,billes  and  other  weapons,  and  thenvith  slewe  the  Frenchmen  tyll  they 
came  to  the  middleward.  Then  the  king  approched  and  encoragrd  his  souldiors,  that 
sliortly  the  second  battaile  was  ouerthrowen  and  dispersed  not  without' great  slaughter  of 
men:  howbeit  diuers  beyng  wounded  wer  releued  by  their  varieties  and  conueighed  out  of 
the  fclde,  for  the  Englishmen  so  sore  labored  with  fightyng  and  slaiyng,  and  wer  so  busy  in 
takyng  of  prisoners  that  they  folowed  no  chace,  nor  would  once  breake  out  of  the  battaile. 
The  Frenchmen  strongly  wstode  the  fearcenes  of  Thenglishmen  when  thei  came  to  hady 
strokes,  so  that  the  fight  was  very  doubtful  &  perilous.  And  when  one  part  of  the  French- 
horse  men  thought  to  haue  entred  into  the  kynges  battaille,  they  were  with  the  stakes  ouer 
turned,  and  either  slain  or  taken. 

THUS  this  battaile  continued,  iii.  long  houres,  some  strakc,  some  defeded,  some  foyned, 
some  trauersed,  some  kylled,  some  toke  prisoners  noman  was  idle,  euery  man  fought  either 
in  hope  of  victory  or  glad  to  saue  him  selfe.  The  kyng  that  clay  shewed  him  selfe  like  a 
valiaunt  knight,  whiche  notwithstandyng  that  he  was  almost  felled  with  the  duke  of  Alaun- 
son,  yet  with  plain  strength  he" slew.  ii.  of  the  dukes  company  and  felled  the  duke:  but  when 
the  duke  would  haue  yelded  him,  the  kynges  garde  cotrary  to  the  kynges  ininde  outragiously 
slewe  him.  And  in  conclusion,  mindyng  to  make  an  ende  of  that  daies  iorncy,  caused  his 
horsmen  to  fetch  a  compasse  about  &  to  ioyne  with  him  against  the  rereward  of  Fraunce: 
in  the  whiche  battaile  were  the  greatest  nombre  of  people.  When  the  Frenchmen  per- 
ceiued  his  entent,  they  wer  sodenly  amased  and  ranne  away  like  shepe  without  aray  or  ordre. 

When  the  kyng  perceiued  the  banners  cast  doune  &  the  aray  was  clerely  broken,  he  en- 
coraged  his  souldiors  and  folowed  so  quickly  that  the  Frenchmen  turnyng  to  flight,  ranne 
hither  and  thither  not  knowyng  whiche  way  to  take,  castyng  away  their  armure  and  on  theyr 
knes  desired  to  haue  theyr  hues  saued.  In  the  meane  season  while  the  battaile  thus  con- 
tinued and  that  thenglitihmen  had  taken  a  great  nobre  of  prisoners,  certain  Frenchmen  on 
horsbackeVherof  were  captaines  Robinet  of  Borneuile,  Kifflart  of  Clamas  and  Isarnbert  of 
Agincourt  and  other  'men  of  Armes  to  the  nombre  of.  vi.  C.  horsemen :  whiche  fled  fyrst 
from  the  felde  at  theyr  fyrst  commyng  and  hearyng  that  the  Englishe  tentes  and  pauilions 
were  farre  from  the  army  without  any  great  nobre  of  kepers  or  persons  mete  and  couenient 
for  defence,  partly  moued  and  styrred  with  coueteous  desire  of  spoyle  and  pray,  and  partly 
entendyng  by  some  notable  act  to  reuenge  the  damage  and  displeasure  done  to  them  it  theirs 
in  battail  the  same  day,  entred  into  the  kynges  campe  beyng  voide  of  men  and  fortefied 
with  varieties  &  lackeys,  and  ther  spoyled  hales,  robbed  tentes,  brake  vp  chestes  and  caried 
awaye  caskettes  and  slewe  suche  seruantes  as  they  could  fynd  in  the  tentes  and  pauilions. 
For  the  whiche  act  thei  wer  long  imprisoned  and  sore  punished  and  like  to  haue  lost  their 
liues  if  the  Dolphyn  had  longer  liued. 

WHEN  the  kyng  by  a  feareful  messenger  was  of  this  euil  acte  soclainly  aduertised,  and 
when  the  outcry  of  the  lackeys  and  boyes  whiche  rane  away  for  feare  of  the  robbers  was 
heard  into  the  felde,  saiyng  that  the  Frenchmen  had  robbed  all  the  tentes  and  lodgynges  of 
the  Englishmen,  he  fearyng  least  his  enemies  beyng  dispersed  and  scattered  abroad  should 
gather  together  againe  and  beginne  a  new  felde:  and  doubtyng  farther  that  the  prisoners 
would  ether  be  an  aide  to  his  enemies  or  very  enemies  to  him  if  he  should  sufire  them 
to  hue,  contrary  to  his  accustomed  gentlenes  and  pitie  he  comaunded  by  the  sounde  of  a 
ompet  that  euery  man  vpon  paine  of  death  should  incotinently  sley  his  prisoner.  When 


70  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

this  dolorous  decre  &  pitiful  proclamacio  was  pronounced,  pitie  it  was  to  se  and  lotlisome 
it  was  to  behold  how  some  Frenchmen  wer  sodainly  slicked  with  daggers,  some  wer  brained 
with  polaxes,  some  wer  slain  with  malles,  other  had  theyr  throtes  cut  and  some  their  bellies 
paunched:  so  that  in  effecte  hauyng  respecte  to  the  greate  nombre,  few  prisoners  or  none 
were  satied. 

WHEN  this  lamentable  manslaughter  was  finished,  thenglishemen  forgettyng  their 
woundes  and  hurtes  and  not  remembring  what  paine  they  had  sustained  all  day  in  fightyng 
with  their  enemies,  as  men  that  wer  freshe  and  lusty,  ranged  them  selues  again  in  aray  both 
prest  and  redy  to  abide  a  newe  felde,  and  also  to  inuade  and  newly  to  set  on  theyr  enemies, 
and  so  couragiously  thei  set  on  the  carles  of  Marie  and  Fauconbrige  and  the  lordes  of  Lou- 
ray  &  of  Thyne,  whiche  with.  vi.  C.  men  of  armes  had  all  day  kept  together  and  slew  them 
out  of  hand. 

When  the  kyng  had  passed  through  the  felde  &  saw  neither  resistence  nor  apparaunce  of 
any  Frenchmen  sauyng  the  dead  corsses,  he  caused  the  retrayte  to  be  blowen  and  brought 
al  iiis  armie  together  about,  iiij.  of  the  clocke  at  after  noone.  And  fyrst  to  geue  thankes 
to  almightie  God  geuer  &  tributor  of  this  glorious  victory,  he  caused  his  prelates  &  cliape- 
laines  fyrst  to  sing  this  psalme  In  exitu  Israel  de  Egipto.  £c.  commaundyng  euery  man  to 
knele  doune  on  the  ground  at  this  verse.  Non  nobis  domine,  non  nobis,  sed  nomine  tuo  da 
gloriam,  whiche  is  to  say  in  Englishe,  Not  to  vs  lord,  not  to  vs,  but  to  thy  name  let  the  glory 
be  geuen:  whiche  done  he  caused  Te  deuni  with  certeine  anthemes  to  be  song  geuyng 
laudes  and  praisyngcs  to  God,  and  not  boastyng  nor  braggyng  of  him  selfe  nor  his  humane 

THAT  night  he  toke  refrcshyng  of  suche  as  he  found  in  the  Freche  campe,  and  in  the 
mcrnyng  Moutioy  kyng  at  armes  and.  iiij.  Heraultes  came  to  him  to  know  the  nombre  of 
prisoners  and  to  desire  burial!  for  them  whiche  were  slaine.  Before  he  could  make  any  an- 
swere  to  the  Heraultes  he  remembryng  that  it  is  more  honorable  to  bee  praised  of  his  ene- 
mies then  to  be  extolled  of  his  frendes:  and  he  that  praiseth  him  self  lacketh  louyng  neigh- 
bors: wherforc  he  demaunded  of  the  why  they  made  to  hym  that  request,  considryng  that  he 
knew  not  certainly  whether  the  praise  &  the  victory  wer  mete  to  be  attributed  to  him  or  to 
their  nacion.  Oh  lorde  qh  Mountioy  kyng  at  armes,  thinkeyou  vs  officers  of  armes  to  be  rude 
and  bestial  persones?  If  we  for  the  affection  that  we  beare  to  our  naturall  countrey,  would 
ether  for  fauor  or  mede  hide  or  deny  your  glorious  victory:  The  foules  of  the  aire,  the 
wormes  of  the  ground  fedyng  on  the  multitude  of  the  ded  carions,  by  your  onely  puys- 
saunce  destroyed  and  confounded,  will  beare  witnesse  against  vs,  ye  and  muche  more  the 
captiues  whiche  be  lining  and  in  your  possessio  with  their  wiues  and  litle  infauntes  will  saie 
wee  bee  open  liers  and  vntrue  taletellers:  Wherfore  according  to  the  ducty  of  our  office 
whiche  is  or  should  bee  alwaics  indifferently  to  write  and  truely  to  iudge,  we  saie,  deter- 
myne  and  affirme  that  the  victory  is  yours,  the  honour  is  yours  and  yours  is  the  glory,  ad- 
uisyng  you,  as  you  haue  manfully  gotten  it,  so  polletikely  to  vse  it.  Well  saied  the  kyng, 
seeyng  this  is  your  determinacion,  I  willyngly  accept  the  same,  desiryng  you  to  know  the 
name  of  the  castle  ncre  adioynyng.  When  they  had  answered  that  it  was  called  Agyncourt, 
he  said  that  this  conflict  should  be  called  the  battaill  of  Agyncourt,  whiche  victory  hath  not 
been  obteigned  by  vs  nor  our  power,  but  only  by  the  suffraunce  of  GOD  for  iniury  and  vn- 
truth  that  we  haue  receiued  at  the  handes  of  your  Prince  and  his  nacion.  That  daie  he 
feasted  the  French  officers  of  Armes  and  graunted  to  theim  their  request,  whiche  busily 
sought  through  the  felde  for  such  as  \\er  slain,  but  the  Englishmen  suffred  them  not  to  go 
alone  for  thei  searched  with  them  and  found  many  hurt  but  not  in  Jeopardy  of  their  life, 
whom  thei  tokc  prisoners  and  brought  them  into  their  tentes. 

WHEN  the  kyng  ofEnglande  had  well  refreshed  hymself  and  his  souldiours  and  had  ta- 
ken the  spoyie  of  suche  as  were  slain,  he  with  his  prisoners  in  good  ordre  returned  to  his 
toune  of  Caleis.  When  tidynges  of  this  notable  victory  was  blowen  into  Englande,  so- 
Jempne  processions  and  other  praisynges  to  almightie  GOD,  with  bonefiers  and  dances  wer 

]  ordeined 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  71 

onleined  in  euery  toune,  citee  and  borough,  and  the  Maire  and  the  citizens  of  the  citee  of 
London  went  the  tnorowe  after  the  daie  of  sainct  Simon  and  lude  from  the  Churche  of 
Sainct  Paule  to  the  church  ofS.  Peter  at  Westminster  in  deuoute  manner,  reudryng  to  God 
their  inoste  humble  and  heartie  thanlces  for  his  haboundant  grace  and  fortunate  lucke  geuen 
and  sent  to  the  kyng  their  souereigne  lorde. 

WHEN  the  kyng  of  Englande  was  departed  the  sondaie  toward  Caleis,  diuerse  French- 
men repaired  to  the  plain  where  the  battaill  was  and  remoued  againe  the  ded  bodies,  some 
to  finde  their  lordes  and  masters  and  theim  to  conueigh  into  their  countrees  there  to  bee 
buried,  some  to  spoyle  and  take  the  reliques  whiche  the  Englishemen  had  left  behinde: 
For  thei  toke  nothing  but  gold,  siluer,  iuelles,  riche  apparell  and  costly  armure.  But  the 
ploughmen  and  peysantes  spoyled  the  dcd  carkasses,  leuyng  theim  nether  shirte  nor  cloute, 
and  so  thei  laie  starke  naked  till  Wednesdaie.  On  the  whiche  daie  diuerse  of  the  noble  men 
wer  conueighed  into  their  countrees  and  the  remnant  were  by  Philip  erle  Charoloys  (sore 
lamentyng  the  chaunce  and  moued  with  pitee)  at  his  cost  and  charge  buried  in  u  square 
plot  of.  xv.C.  vardes,  in  the  which  he  caused  to  be  made  thre  pittes,  wherin  wer  buried 
by  accompt.  v.M.  and.  viii.C.  persons  beside  them  that  wer  caried  awaie  by  their  frendes  and 
seruauntes,  and  other  whiche  beyng  wounded  to  death  died  in  Hospitalles  and  other  places, 
whiche  groue  after  was  made  a  churche  yarde,  and  for  feare  of  Wolues  enclosed  with  a 
high  walle. 

AFTER  this  dolorus  iorney  and  piteous  slaughter,  diuerse  clerckes  of  Paris  made  many 
lamentable  Verses,  complainyng  that  the  kyng  reigned  by  will,  and  that  coiisaillers  wer 
perciall,  affirrnyng  that  the  noble  men  fled  fagainst  nature,  and  that  the  commons  were  des- 
troyed by  their  prodigalite,  declaryng  also  that  the  clergy  wer  dombe  and  durst  not  saie  the 
truth,  and  that  the  humble  comons  duely  obeyed  and  yet  euer  suffred  ponishement:  For 
whiche  cause  by  persecucion  deuine,  the  lessc  numbre  vanquished,  and  the  great  was  ouer- 
come.  Wherfore  thei  concluded  that  all  thynges  were  out  of  ordre,  and  yet  there  was  no 
man  that  studied  to  bryng  the  unruly  to  frame.  And  no  meruel  though  this  battaill  were 
dolorus  and  lamentable  to  the  Freuche  nacion,  for  in  it  were  taken  and  slayn  the  flower  of 
all  the  nobilite  of  Fraunce,  for  there  wer  taken  prisoners- * 

Charles  duke  of  Orleaunce  nephew  to  the  Frenche  kyng. 

Ihon  duke  of  Burbone.  The  young  Lorde  of  Dynchy, 

Ihon  of  Craon  lord  of  Dommart.  Sir  Ihon  of  Vawcort 

The  Lorde  of  Fossenx.  Sir  Arthure  Bremyer. 

The  Lorde  of  Humyers.  Sir  lenet  of  Poys. 

The  Lorde  of  Roye.  The  sone  &  heirc  of  the  lord  Ligny. 

The  Lorde  of  Cauny.  Sir  Gylbert  de  lawney. 

Sir  Borsqueret  lorde  of  Hiicourt.  The  Lorde  Daneobe  in  Ternoys  and  dt- 

The  lorde  of  Noell  called  the  whit  knight  uerse  other  to   the  numbre  of  fiftene 

and  Bado  his  sonne.  hudred  knightes  and  Esquiers  besyde 

Lorde  Boncequalt  Marshall  of  Fraunce  the  common  people, 

whiche  died  in  Engliid. 

There  wer  slain  of  nobles  and  gentlemen. 

Charles  lorde  Delabreth  hie  Constable  Anthony    duke  of  Brabant  brother  to 

of  Fraunce^  the  duke  of  Burgoyn. 

Jaques   of  Chastilon  lorde    of  Dapier  Edward  duke  of  Barre. 

Admirall  of  Fraunce.  Therle  Neuers  brother  to  J  duke  of  Burr 
The   Lorde   Rambures  Master    of  the  goyn. 

Crossebowes.  Sir  Robert  Barre  erle  of  Marie. 

Sir  Guyshard  Dolphyn  greate  Master  of  The  erle  of.  Vawdemont. 

Fraunce;  The  erle  of  Bawmont 

Ihon  duke  of.  Alaunson.  The  erle  of  Graundpre. 


72.  ",    THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

The  erle  of  Rqussy.  The  lord  of  Loguale  his  brother. 

The  erle  of  Faucenberge.  The  lord  of  Mawley  &  his  sonne. 

The  erle  of  Foys.  The  lord  of  Diuirie. 

The  erle  of  Lestrake.  The  lord  of  Newffile. 

The  lorde  Boys  of  Burbon.  The  lord  of  Galigny. 

The  Vidane  of  Amias.  The  lord  of  Rocheguiche. 

The  lord  of  Croy'e.  The  Vicedane  of  Lamoys. 

The  lord  Belly.  The  lord  de  Laligier. 

The  lord  Dauxcy.  The  lord  of  Baffremont. 

The  lord  of  Brenew.  The  lord  sainct  Bris. 

The  lord  of  Paix  standard  berar.  The  lord  of  Coutes  and  his  sonne. 

The  lord  of  Crcquy.  The  lord  of  Nannes  &  his  brother. 

The  lord  of  Lowrey.  The  lord  of  Ront. 

The  Baily  of  Amience  &  his  sonne.  The  lord  of  Applincort. 

The  lord  of  Raynuale.  The  lord  Delariuer 

with  diuerse  other  vvhiche  I  leaue  out  for  tediousnes.  But  surely  by  the  relacion 
of  the  Heraultes  and  declaracion  of  other  notable  persons  worthy  of  credite  as  Enguer- 
rant  writeth,  there  were  slain  on  the  Frenche  parte  aboue  ten  thousande  persones  wherof 
wer  princes  and  nobles  bearyng  banners  Cxxvi.  and  all  the  remnant  sauyng.  xvi.  C.  wer 
knightes  esquiers  and  gentlemen  :  so  of  noble  men  and  gentlemen  were  slain,  viii.  M.  iiii.  C, 
of  the  whiche.  v.  C.  wer  dubbed  knightes  the  night  before  the  battaill.  Fro  the  felde  escaped 
on  Hue,  the  erle  Dampmartyn,  the  lorde  Delariuier,  Clunet  of  Brabante,  sir  Lewes  of 
Burbon,  sir  Galiot  of  Gaules,  sir  Ihon  Dengermes  and  fevve  other  men  of  name. 

OF  Englishemen  at  this  battaill  wer  slain  Edward  duke  of  Yorke  therle  of  Suffolk,  sir 
Richard  Kikely  &  Dauygame  esquire,  &  of  al  other  not  aboue.  xxv.  if  you  wil  geue  credite 
to  such  as  write  miracles:  but  other  writers  whom  I  soner  beleue,  affirme  that  there  was 
slain  aboue  v.  or  vj.  C.  persons,  whiche  is  not  vnlike,  considryng  y  the  battail  was  earnestly 
and  furiously  fought  by  the  space  of  three  long  houres  wherfore  it  is  not  incredible  nor  vet 
vnpossible  but  more  Englishmen  then  fine  and  twenty  were  slain  and  destroyed. 

TH  IS  battail  maie  be  a  mirror  and  to  al  Christian  princes  to  bcholde  and  folowe, 
for  kyng  Henry  nether  trusted  in  the  puissaunce  of  his  people,  nor  in  the  fortitude  of  his 
champions,  nor  in  the  strength  of  his  bardcd  horses,  nor  yet  in  his  owne  pollicy,  but  he 
putte  in  GOD  (whiche  is  the  corner  stone  and  immouable  rocke)  his  whole  cofidence  hope 
&  tru.<t.  And  he  which  neuer  leaueth  them  destitute  that  put  their  confidence  in  hym,  sent 
to  hym  this  glorious  victory,  whiche  victory  is  almoste  incredible  if  we  had  not  recde  in 
the  boke  of  kynges  that  God  likewise  had  defended  and  aided  them  that  onely  put  their 
trust  in  him  and  committed  them  selfes  wholy  to  his  gouernaunce. 

AFTER  that  the  kyng  of  Englande  had  refreslned  hymself  and  his  souldiours  in  the  toune 
of  Caleis,  and  that  suche  prisoners  as  he  had  left  at  Harfflew  (as  you  haue  heard)  wer  come 
to  hym  to  Caleis  :  the.  vi.  daie  of  Noucmbre  he  with  all  his  prisoners  toke  shippyng  at  Caleis, 
and  thesame  dale  landed  at  Douer,  hauyng  with  hym  the  ded  bodies  of  the  duke  of  Yorke 
and  the  erle  of  Suffolke,  and  caused  the  duke  to  bee  buried  at  his  colledge  of  Fodrynghey, 
and  therle  at  Ewhelme.  In  this  passage  the  seas  were  so  rough  and  trobleous  that  two 
shippes  laden  with  souldicrs  apperteignyng  to  sir  Ihon  Cornewal  lorde  Fanhope,  wer  driuen 
into  zelande,  howbeit  nothyng  was  lost  nor  no  person  was  perished.  The  kyng  by  soft 
iorneies  with  al  his  prisoners  cam  to  London  and  so  to  Westminster,  where  he  rested  hym- 
self a  conueniet  tyme  to  deliuer  his  prisoners  to  their  kepers,  and  to  se  them  all  in  saue 
custody.  Here  I  might  declare  vnto  you  if  I  would  bee  tedious  and  piolixe,  how  the 
May  re  of  London  and  the  Senate  appareled  in  oriet  grayned  Skarlet,  how.  iij.  C.  cornoners 
clad  in  beautiful  Murrey  wel  mounted  and  gorgeously  horsed  with  riche  collers  and  greate 
chaynes  met  the  kyng  at  Blackhethe,  reioysvng  at  his  victorious  rcturne.  How  the  clergie 



Ctf  London  with  ri'che  crosses,  suptcous  copes  &  massy  cesers  receiued  hym  at.  s.  Thomas  of 
Wateryng  with  solepne  procession  laudyng  and  praisyng  God  for  the  high  honor  and  victory  ; 
to  hymgeuen  &  graunted:  but  all  these  thynges  I  omit  and  returne  to  the  very  matter. 

WHEN  the  dolorus  tidynges  of  this  bloudy  battail  was  declared  to  the  Frenche  kyng 
beyng  then  at  Roan,  and  with  hym  the  Dolphyn,  the  dukes  of  Berry  and  Briteyne  and  his 
second  sonne  therle  of  Ponthew,  if  he  lamented  this  chaunce  and  cursed  that  euill  daie  in 
the  whiche  he  lost  so  many  noble  men,  no  man  haue  maruaill.  And  yet  the  dolor  was  not 
onely  his,  for  the  ladies  souned  for  the  deathes  of  their  husebandes,  the  Orphalines  wept  and 
rent  their  heares  for  the  losse  of  their  parentes,  the  faire  damoselles  defied  that  day  in  the 
whiche  they  had  lost  their  paramors,  the  seruates  waxed  mad  for  dcstruccio  of  their  masters, 
and  finally,  euery  frend  for  hisfrend,  euery  cosynfor  his  alye,  euery  neighbor  for  his  neigh- 
bor, was  sorry,  displeased  &  greued.  Wherfore  the  Frenche  kyng  and  his  counsaill  per- 
ceiuyng  that  the  war  was  but  newly  begon,  and  that  towarde  them  with  euill  spede,  deter- 
mined to  prouide  for  chances  that  might  folowe,  and  to  forsee  thynges  or  thei  sodainly  hap- 
pened. And  first  he  elected  his  chief  officer  for  the  warres  called  the  Constable,  whiche 
wes  therle  of  Arminack,  a  wise  and  a  pollitique  capitain  and  an  auncient  enemy  to  thenglish- 
men,  and  sir  Ihon  of  Corsey  was  made  Master  of  the  Crosbowes,  and  then  they  fortefied 
tounes  &  furnished  garrisons.  While  these  thynges  were  thus  in  workyng,  either  for  Ma- 
lencoly  that  he  had  for  the  losse  at  Agincourt  or  by  some  sodein  desease,  Ihon  Dolphyn  of 
Vienoys  heire  apparaunte  to  Charles  the  Frenche  kyng  departed  out  of  this  naturall  life 
xvithout  issue,  whiche  was  an  happy  chaunce  for  Robynet  of  Bournouile  and  his  compaign- 
ions  as  you  haue  heard  before,  for  his  death  was  their  life,  and  his  life  would  haue  been 
their  death. 


AFter  this    notable  victory  obteigned    by  the  Englishemen  and  that  kyng  Henry  was  de-  The.  mi, 
parted  into  England,  and  the  Frenche  kyng  had  made  newe  officers  in  hope  to  releue  and  >'"e> 
sette  vp  again  the  olde  estate  of  his  realme  and  coutrie.     Thomas  duke  of  Excester  capitain  . 
of  Harflew  accompaignied  with  thre.   M.  Englishmen  made  a  great  roade  into  Normandy, 
almoste  to  the  citee  of  Roan  :  In  whiche  iorney  he  gat  great  habundance  bothe  of  riches, 
and  prisoners.     But  in  his  returne  therle  of  Arminacke  newly  made  Conestable  of  Frauncc, 
entendyng  in  his  first  iorney  to  wynne  his  spurres,  and  in  his  compaignie  aboue.  v.  M.  horsse- 
men,  encountred  with  hym.     The  skirmishe  was  sore  and  the  fight  fierce,  but  because  the  - 
Englishemen  wer  not  able  to  resist  the  force  of  the  Frenche  horsemen,  the  duke  to  sane  his 
men  was  compelled  to  retire,  as  politiquely  as  he  could  cleuise:  But  for  all  that  he  could  do, 
he  loste  almoste.  ccc.  of  his  fotemen.     The  Frenchemen  not  contet  with  this  good  lucke  . 
folowed  theim  almoste  to  the  Barriers  of  Harflew.     When  the  Englishemen  within  the  toune  . 
espied  the  chace,  thei  issued  out  in  good  ordre  and  met  with  their  enemies,  and  not  onely 
slew  and  toke  a  greate  numbre  of  theim,  but  also  chased  them  aboue  eMite  miles  toward 
the  citee  of  Roan. 

ABOVTE  this  ceason  Sigismond  Emperor  of  Almayn  whiche  had  maricd  Barbara  douyh- 
ter  to  therle  of  zilie  cosyn  germain  remoued  to  kyng  Henry  (as  by  the  peel i "re  set  out  in 
the  end  of  this  boke  you  shall  plainly  perciue)  a  man  of  greute  vertuc  and  fidclilie, 
whiche  had  not  onely  long  labored  to  set  an  vnitee  and  cocord  in  Christes  clmrche  and 
Christian  religio,  but  also  he  sent  diuerse  Ambassadors  aswel  to  y  Freche  kyng  as  to  the  kyn<* 
of  F.nglande,  because  he  was  farre  distaunt  from  their  countries  and  regions  10  encrease 
perfight  peace  and  reasonable  vnitie.  Wherfore,  seyng  that  his  Ambassade  brought  nothynp 
to  conclusion,  he  in  person  came  fro  the  farthest  part  of  Hngary  into  France  and  after  into 
England,  intendyng  to  knit  together  all  christen  princes  in  one  line  and  amitce,  and  so  be- 
yng frendes  together,  to  make  war  and  reuenge  their  quarelles  against  the  Turke  the  perse- 
cutor of  Christes  faithe  and  enemie  to  all  christendome.  With  this  noble  Emperor  came 

L  the 

74  THE.  IIIJ.  YERE  OF 

the  -Archebishop  of  Reynes  and  diuerse  other  noble  men,  as  Ambassadors  fro  the  Frcnche 
kyng  into  England.  The  kyng  of  England  for  old  amitee  betwene  the  hous  of  Englande- 
and  Beame,  withall  his  nobilitee  hym  receiued  on  Blackheth  the.  vii.  daie  of  Maie,  & 
brought  him  through  London  to  Westminster  with  greate  triurnphe,  where  lustes,  tournayes 
and  other  marciall  feates  wer  to  hym  with  all  ioye  and  pleasure  shewed  and  set  furth.  Du- 
ryng  whiche  tyme  there  came  into  Englande  Albert  duke  of  hollande,  whiche  also  was 
frendly  entreteigned.  And  these  two  princes  were  by  the  kyng  conueiged  to  Wynsore  to.  S. 
Georges  feast,  and  elected  compaignions  of  the  noble  ordre  of  the  Garter,  and  had  the 
color  and  habite  of  the  same  to  theirn  deliuered,  and  satte  in  their  stalles  all  the  solempnitee 
of  the  feast[:  by  the  whiche  ordre  thei  knowledged  themselfes  highly  honored  and  muche  ex- 
alted. After  this  solempne  feast  finished,  the  duke  of  Holland  well  feasted  and  greatly  re- 
warded, returned  into  his  countrie.  But  the  Emperor  taried  stil,  neuer  ceasyng  to  declare  & 
perswade  what  vtilitee,  what  goodnes  and  what  ioye  might  ensue  if  bothe  the  realmes  of 
Englande  and  Fraunce  wer  brought  to  a  Snail  concord  and  perfight  vnitee.  But  the  euill 
chaunce  of  the  Frenche  nacion  was  to  his  purpose  a  barre  and  a  lette,  because  thei  were 
predestinate  to  suff're  yet  more  plagues  and  detrimentes  of  thenglishe  people  then  before 
thei  had  tasted.  For  when  concorde  was  at  hand  and  peace  was  enteryng  into  the  gates,  a 
newe  cause  of  more  discord  and  dissencion  sodainly  brake  out  and  came  to  the  kynges 
knowledge:  for  he  beyng  informed  of  the  losse  of  his  me  at  the  conflict  late  had  in  the  ter- 
ritory of  Roan  (as  you  haue  heard)  was  so  displeased  and  vnquieted  that  he  would  heare 
of  no  treaty,  nor  haue  once  this  word  peace  named. 

THE  Emperor  like  a  wise  prince,  seyng  then  the  aspect  of  the  planet  reigned  contrary  to 
his  purpose,  ceassed  to  talke  of  that  matter  any  more  till  another  daie  when  the  coniuccion 
should  be  in  more  meker  signes  stirryng  to  peace.  And  so  when  a  mete  &  conueniet  tyme 
came,  he  broched  again  the  vessell  of  cocord  and  amitee,  &  put  it  in  so  faire  a  cup  and  pre- 
sented it  with  suche  pleasant  wordes,  that  surely  the  kyng  had  tasted  it  sufficiently  if  y 
Frenchme  had  not  sodainly  prepared  a  new  army.  For  therle  of  Arminacke  puffed  vp  with 
his  last  victory,  although  the  honor  wer  small  and  the  gaine  lesse,  determined  clerely  to  get 
again  the  toune  of  Harflewe,  wherfore  as  closely  as  he  could,  he  gathered  together  men  in 
euery  part,  and  appoincted  them  all  to  mete  at  Harflew  at  a  daie  assigned.  The  ap- 
poinctment  was  kept  and  the  toune  was  besieged  bothe  by  water  &  land  before  the 
capitaines  of  the  toune  knewe  perfightly  the  first  mocion.  For  Ihon  Vicount  Narbon 
Viceadmirall  of  Fraunce  had  brought  the  whole  nauy  to  the  riuage  and  shore  adioy-r 
nyng  to  the  toune,  entendyng  priuely  to  haue  enterd  into  the  toune  on  the  water  side  or  he 
had  been  perceiued.  But  his  subtile  ymaginacion  toke  no  place,  for  thei  which  kept  the 
watch  toure,  sodainly  perceiuyng  their  enemies  to  approche,  rang  the  alarum  bell.  The 
duke  of  Excester  incontinent  caused  all  his  men  to  repaire  to  the  walles,  and  fortified  the 
gates,  >and  dispatched  a  swifte  Barke  to  kyng  Henry  with  letters,  requiryng  hym  of  aide  and 
succor.  Although  the  Frenchemen  perceiued  that  their  wyly  enterprise  was  knowen,  and 
that  the  toune  could  not  be  taken  and  sodenly  stollen  as  they  had  deuised,  yet  they  cotinued 
their  siege  both  by  water  and  by  land,  and  made  diuers  assaultes,  at  the  whiche  if  they 
nothyng  gained,  yet  euer  somewhat  they  lost.  When  these  newes  were  come  to  the  eares 
of  kyng  H&nry,  and  that  he  knew  that  his  people  were  in  great  ieopardye  excepte  great  di- 
ligence were  vsed  for  their  relief  and  deliuerance,  he  without  delay  apparelled  a  great,  nauy  & 
intended  in  person  to  minister  succors  to  his  subiectes  so  besieged.  The  emperor  Sigismond 
sagely  disuaded  him  and  wisely  counsailed  him  not  to  aduenture  him  selfe  in  that  iorney,  but 
only  to  send  some  valiant  captain  whiche  shortly  might  appeace  that  furious  storme  & 
quickly  to  quenche  that  blasyng  flame :  aduertisyng  hym  that  it  was  neither  necessary  nor 
honorable  for  a  prince  in  whom  the  whole  waight  and  charge  of  the  comon  welth  consisteth, 
to  aduenture  &  hazard  him  self  in  euery  peril  and  doubtful  chaunce.  The  kyng  beyng  per- 
suaded with  the  reasonable  and  louyng  aduertisment  of  his  frende  the  emperor,  appoincted 
the  duke  of  Bedforde  bis  brother,  accompanied  with  therles  of  Marche,  Marshal,  Oxford, 

1  Hunt- 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  ,      75 

Huntyngdon,  Warvvicke,  Arundel,  Salisbury,  Deuonshire,  and  diuers  Barons  with.  CC.  sayle 
to  passe  into  Normandy  for  reskew  of  the  toune  of  Harflew.     Whiche  makyng  good  expedi- 
cion  shipped  at  Rye,  and  with  a  prosperous  wind  and  a  freshegale  came  to  the  mouth  of  the 
riuer  of  seyn  on  the  day  of  the  Assumpcion  Of  our  Lady.     When  the  vicount  Narbon  per- 
ceiued  the  Englishe  nauy  to  approche,  he  geuyng  a  token  to  ail  his  company,  coragiously 
set  toward  his  enemies  &  gate  the  possession  of  the  mouth  of  the  hauen.     When  the    duke 
of  Bedford  perceiued  the  nauy  of  his  enemies  to  come  forward  so  fiersly,  he  set  before 
certain  strong   and    well   made  shippes,   whiche  at   the  fyrst   encountre  vanquished  and 
toke   two   Frenche  shyppes  (wherof  the   capitaines  were  rashe  and  somewhat  to  bold) 
withal  their  souldiours  and   tackelyng.     The  duke  folowed  incotinently  with  all  his  pu- 
issance and  like  a  valiant   capitaine  with  great  courage  and  audacitee,  set  on  his  ene- 
mies: the  fight  was  long,  but  not  so  long  as  perilous,    nor  so  perilous  as. terrible,    for 
battailes  of  the  sea  be  euer  desperate,  for  neither  the  assailauntes  nor  defendants  loke 
for  any  refuge,  nor  know  any  backdore  how  to  skape  out.    After  long  fight  the  victory 
fel  to  the  Englishemen,  and  they  toke  and  sonkc  almost  all  the  whole  nauy  of  Fraunce, 
in  the  whiche    were  many  shippes,  hulkes  and  carikes  to  the  nombre  of  fiue  hundred, 
of  the  whiche.   iii.  great  carickes  were    sent  into  England.      In  the  same  conflict  were 
slaine    of    the  Frenchemen  no  small    nombre,    as  it  appeared  by    their    bodies    which 
swarmed  euery  day  about  thenglishe  shippes. 

AFTER  this  victory  fortunately  obteined,  the  duke  of  Bedforde  sailed  by  water  vp  to 
to  the  very  toune  of  Harflew,  and  without  let  or  impediment  landed  and  refreshed  it  both 
with  vitaile  and  money.  Which  succours  if  they  were  welcome  to  the  duke  of  Excetter 
his  vncle,  I  reporte  me  to  them  that  haue  bene  in  necessitie  and  would  haue  gladly  bene 

WHEN  the  earle  of  Armynacke  heard  that  the  puissant  nauye  of  Fraunce  was  vanquish-- 
ed  &  taken,  he  raised  his  siege  before  the  toune  and  returned  with  sinal  ioy  to  Paris,  as  he 
that  had  no  hope  nor  sawe  any  likelyhod  or  meane  to  recouer  again  the  toune  of  Harflew 
for  whiche  he  so  sore  thirsted. 

AFTER  this  discomfiture  and  great  losse,  the  fortitude  &  stregth  of  the  Frenchmen  began 
to  decay,  &  their  braggyng  beautie  began  to  fade.  For  nowe  the  princes  &  nobles  of  the 
realme  fel  into  diuision  &  discord  among  them  selues,  as  who  say,  that  the  nobilitie  studiyn" 
howe  to  reuenge  their  olde  iniuries  and  displeasures,  refused  to  take  payne  for  thaduaunce- 
ment  of  the  publique  wealth  and  saueguard  of  their  countrey  And  for  priuy  displeasure  co- 
uert  or  hatred,  their  power  began  to  wexc  so  slender,  &  their  libertie  was  brought  intosuche 
a  malicious  diuersitie  and  doubtful  difference,  that  as  herafter  shalbe  shewed,  it  was  mer- 
ueil  that  their  coutrey  was  not  brought  to  a  perpetual  bondage  :  whiche  thing  no  doubt  had 
tblowed  if  kyng  Henry  had  lenger  liued  in  this  mutable  worlde.  For  notwithstanding  that 
the  duke  of  Orleaunce  the  capitaine  and  head  of  the  one  faction  was  at  that  time  captiue 
and  prisoner  in  England,  yet  there  grewe  so  muche  priuy  displeasure  and  cankard  hatred 
betwene  Charles  the  Dolphyn  and  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoync,  that  while  the  one  studied, 
compassed  and  deuised  how  to  ouercome  the  other  with  armure  or  with  pollicy,  with  dissi- 
mulacion  or  crafty  coueyaunce,  euery  iorneiman  of  their  faction,  &  eucry  noble  mil  partaker 
with  the  one  or  the  other,  put  all  their  whole  study  and  diligence  to  auance  forward  their 
sect  and  part,  and  not  one  of  them  would  take  hede  howc  to  resist  and  refell  the  present  ieo-  • 
pardye  whiche  was  commyng  out  of  Englad.  And  as  one  incouenicnce  su fired  many  to 
t'oleJw  so  was  it  in  Frauce  at  this  tyme,  for  the  French  kyng  was  not  of  good  memory,  the 
war  that  was  toward,  semed  both  doubtful  and  perilous,  the  princes  were  vntrusty  and  at 
discord,  and  an  hundreth  mo  thinges  which  might  bryng  the  realme  to  extreme  misery  and 
vtter  distructio  as  after  you  shal  heare. 

WHEN  the  duke  of  Bedford  had  acheued  his  enterprise  and  performed  his  comission, 
bothe  in  raisyng  the  siege  of  Harflew  and  vitaylyng  of  the  toune,  he  with  no  smal  nombre  of 
prisoners  and  great  haboundance  of  pray  aswell  in  shippes  as  prouision  for  the  sea,  returned 

L  2  into 

76  THE.  V.  YKRE  OF 

into  England  with  great  triumph  and  glory.  For  that  victory  he  was  not  so  muchc  thftked 
of  the  kyng  his  brother,  as  lauded  and  praised  by  the  Emperor  Sieisraond  beyng  to  him  a 
straunger,  whiche  sayd  openly  happy  are  those  subiectes  whiche  haue  suche  a  kyng,  but 
more  happy  is  the  kyng  that  hath  suche  subiectes. 

WHEN  the  Emperoure  perceiued,  that  to  inoue  farther  a  peace,  was  but  a  vayne  request, 
and  to  tarye  lenger  in  Englande  to  procure  an  amitie  was  but  losse  of  tyme,  because  he  sawe 
the  Englishemens  myndes  sore  offended  with  the  last  siege  of  Harflew,  with  whiche  facte,  he 
hirnselfe  was  not  wel  cotent  but  greatly  moued:  Therfore  leauyng  all  treaty  and  persua- 
sion, he  entred  into  a  league  and  amitie  with  the  kyng  of  England.  Whiche  confederacy 
least  it  shuld  be  broken,  euery  of  the  contractors  studyed  &  deuised  all  waies  &  meanes 
possible  howe  to  obserue  it  vnuiolated  and  preserue  it  vnbroken  :  whiche  plain  meanyng  & 
true  dealyng  was  to  the  both  after,  not  only  muche  honor  but  great  comoditie.  When  the 
Emperor  had  thus  cocluded  a  league  with  the  kyng  of  England  and  had  doneal  things  in 
England  accordyng  as  was  thought  necessary,  he  toke  his  iorney  homeward  into  Garumny, 
and  the  kyng  partel)'  to  shew'e  him  pleasure,  and  partely  because  of  his  owne  affaires,  associated 
him  to  his  toune  of  Caleys.  During  whiche  tyme  the  Duke  of  Burgoyn  offerd  to  come  to  Caleys 
to  speake  with  the  Emperor  and  the  kyng  because  he  heard  speake  of  the  league  and  con- 
federacy that  was  concluded  betwene  them.  The  kyng  sent  to  the  water  of  Grauelvng  the 
duke  of  Gloucester  his  brother,  and  the  earle  of  Marche  to  be  hostages  for  the  duke  of 
Burgoyne,  and  sent  also  the  earle  of  Warwicke  with  a  noble  company  to  coduct  him  to  his 
presece  At  Griuielyng  foorde  the  dukes  met,  and  after  salutacions  done,  the  duke  of  Bur- 
goyn was  conueighed  to  Caleys,  where  of  the  Emperor  &  of  the  kyng  he  was  highly 
feasted  and  welcommed.  Duryng  whiche  tyme  a  peace  was  concluded  betwene  the  kyng  of 
England  &  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  for  a  certain  space,  cocerning  onely  the  counties  of 
Flauders  and  Arthoys,  for  the  whiche  cause  the  Frenche  kyng  and  his  sone  were  highly 
displeased.  The  duke  of  Gloucester  also  was  receiued  at  Grauelvng  by  the  earle  Charoloys 
sonne  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  &  by  him  honorably  conueighed  to  S.  Orners  &  there 
lodged  that  night  The  'next  day  the  earle  Charoloys  came  with  diuers  noblemen  to  visito 
the  duke  of  Gloucester  in  his  lodging,  and  when  he  entred  into  the  chambre  the  dukes  backe 
,  was  towarde  him,  talkyng  with  some  of  his  seruantes,  and  did  not  se  nor  welcome  the  earle 
Charoloys  at  the  fyrst  entrey  :  but  after  he  sayd  to  hym  shortly  without  any  great  reuerence 
or  comyng  towarde  him,  you  be  welcome  fayre  cosyn,  and  so  passed  furth  his  tale  with  his 
seruates.  The  earle  Charoloys  for  al  his  youth  was  not  wel  content,  but  suffred  for  that 

WHEN  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  had  done  al  thinges  at  Caleys  that  he  came  for  he  after  the. 
ix.  day  returned  to  Grauelyng,  where  the  duke  of  Gloucester  and  he  met  againe,  and  louyngly 
departed  the  one  to  Caleys  and  the  other  to  sainct  Omers:  for  the  whiche  voiage  the  duke- 
of  Burgoyn  was  suspected  to  be  enemy  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce.  After  the  dukes  depart^ 
yng  the  Emperor  was  highly  feasted  and  rewarded,  and  at  his  pleasure  sailed  into  Holand, 
and  so  roade  into  Beame.  The  kyng  likewise  toke  ship  and  returned  into  England  on  saincl, 
Lukes  euen,  the  yere  of  our  Lord  M.  CCCC.  xvij. 


.  v, 

IN  this  yere  the  kyng  assembled  together  his  high  courte  of  Parliament  and  there  in  open 
ycre-  audience  made  to  them  a  shorte  and  pithy  Oracion,  declaryng  vnto  them  the  iniuiies  lately. 
dooiu.  and  committed  by  the  Frenche  mucion,  he  shewyng  also  the  iust  and  laufujl  occasion 
of  his  warres,  signifiyng  furthermore  the  great  discord  and  ciuile  dissencion  whiche  reigned 
amongest  the  nobilitie  of  Fraunce,  rehersyng  many  thynges  for  the  whiche  it  were  very  ne- 
cessary and  nedeful  to  represse  &  ouercome  them  withal  their  power  &  puissaunce, 
that  without  deferryng  or  prolongyng  of  tyme,  desiryng  the  to  prouide  for  money  & 



treasure  out  of  hand  for  the  conduct  &  wages  of  souldiors,  to  thentent  that  nothing 
should  lacke  when  they  shuld  be  ready  to  set  on  their  enemies,  His  causes  wer  so  iust 
and  liis  dcmaudes  so  reasonable,  that  he  had  no  soner  spoken  but  it  wa,s  assented,  and 
he  had  no  soner  demauded  but  it  was  graunted.  And  for  to  gcue  men  a  courage  for  to  go 
furlli,  money  was  fyrst  gathered  to  make  prouision  for  al  thinges  necessary  for  such  a  royal 
\oiage:  for  surely  there  was  no  creature  whiche  with  that  war  was  either  discotented  or  dis- 
pleased,  for  it  seined  to  al  men  no  lesse  profitable  then  honorable,  nor  no  lease  honorable 
then  conuenient. 

IN  this  Parliament  also  Ihonduke  of  Bedford  was  made  governor  or  regent  of  the  realme 
and  head  of  the  publique  welth  which  office  he  shuld  enioy  as  long  as  the  kyng  was  makyng 
warre  on  the  French  nacion.  The  kyng  before  he  would  take  his  voyage,  sent  the  earle  of 
Huntyngdon  to  serche  and  skoure  the  seas,  least  any  Frenchmen  Hyng  in  waite  for  him, 
might  attrappe  him  sodenly  or  he  had  any  knowledge  of  their  settyng  forward.  This  lusty 
earle  called  IhOn  Holand,  sone  to  the  duke  of  Excetter  behedded  at  Circiter  in  the 
tviue  of  Kyng  Henry  the  fourth  and  cosyn  to  the  kyng  with  a  great  nombre  of  shippes 
searched  the  sea  from  the  one  coast  to  the  other.  And  in  conclusion  he  encoutred  with.  ix. 
great  carickes  of  leane  (whiche  Lord  laques  the  bastard  of  Burbon  had  reteined  to  serue 
the  Frenche  kyng)  &  Set  on  the  sharply,  the  conflict  was  great  £  the  fight  long,  but  in 
conclusion  the  Frenchmen  wer  ouercome  and  fled,  and.  iij.  of  the  greatest  carickes  with  their 
patrones,  and  Monsure  laques  de  Burbon  their  Admiral  wer  taken  with  asmuche  money 
as  should  haue  payed  the  souldiors  of  the  whole  flete  for  halfe  a  yere,  and.  iij.  other  carickes. 
wer  bouged  and  sent  to  the  botome  of  the  sea. 

THE  kyng  hearyng  of  this  good  chaunce,  about  the  ende  of  luly  toke  his  ship  at  Portes- 
mouth,  accopanied  with  the  dukes  of  Clarence  and  Gloucester  brethren  to  the  sayd  kyng, 
the  earles  of  Huntyngdon,  Mershal,  Warwike,  Deuonshyre,  Salisbury,  Suftblke  and  Somer- 
set: The  Lordcs  Kos»e,  Wylloughby,  Fitzhugh,  Clynton,  Scrope,  Matriuers,  Bourchier, 
Ferreys  of  Groby  and  Ferrers  of  Chartley,  Fanhope,  Gray  of  Codnore,  sir  Gilbert  Vm- 
freuile,  sir  Gilbert  Talbot  &  diuers  other  and  so  hauyng  wynde  and' wether  to  his  desire, 
he  laded  in  Normady  nere  a  castle  called  Touque,  wher  he  cosultcd  with,  his  capitaines 
what  way  was  best  to  be  taken  cocerning  their  high  enterprise. 

THE  Normans  hearyng  of  the  kynges  arriual  wer  sodenly  striken  with  a  deadly  feare 
and  wer  almost  distracted  fro  their  sences  for  dred,  wher  fore  like  mad  men  in  desperacion. 
they  ranneout  of  their  houses,  tonnes  and  villages  withwiues  and  children  bag  and  baggage, 
into  the  walled  tounes  and  fortefied  garrisons,  cariyng  with  them  come,  wyne  and  vitaile 
necessary  for  their  sustinance  and  liuyng,  preparyng  swordcs,  hatchettes,  crosbowes  and  al 
other  weapons  mete  to  set  back  and  resist  their  enemies,  sent  worde  to  Charles  the  Frenche 
kyng,  requirynghim  to  defend  and  preserue  his  louing  subiectes.against  their  cruel  and  fierse 
enemies.  The  men  of  warre  whiche  were  left  in  etiery  place  to  skoure  the  countrey,  went  into 
walled  tounes  with  the  rural  c6minaltee,to  thentent  to  aide  and  assist  the  tounes  men,  for  well 
they  knewe  that  they  were  not  able  to  resist  their  enemies  beyng  abroade  in  the  felde.  So  were 
al  the  walled  tounes  and  castles  in  Normandy  and  May  newel  furnished  with  men  and  vitaile. 
The  names  of  the  Frecnhe  capitaines  were  totediousto  reherse,'and  therefore  I  ouerpasse  them. 

WHEN  kyng  Henry  had  taken  counsel,  he  layde  siege  to  the  castle  of  Touque  beyn» 
very  wel  forrefied  both  with  nature  and  mans  arte  and  began  to  assault  it :  &  although 
thai  they  within  valiantly  defended  it,  yet  by  fine  force  he  ouercame  it,  &  toke  it,  and  them 
within  to  mercy  &  made  therof  capitaines  sir  Robert  Kerkeley  knight,  and  after  determi- 
ned to  besiege  the  strong  toune  of  Caen,  remembryng  according  to  the  diitie  of  a  good 
capitaine.  that  the  Frcnchemen  would  come  to  healp'e  their  frendes  beyng  in  nede  and 
extreme  necessitie:  whiche  thyng  he  most  desired  &  wished.  And  vpo  that  purpose 
he  set  furth  toward  Caen  after  the  warlikest  fashion,  depopnlatyng  the  coutrey,  &  des- 
troiyng  the  villages  on  euery  part  as  he  passed.  The  toune  of  Caen  standeth  in  a  plaine  fer- 
tile coutrey,  no  stronger  walled  then  depe  ditched,  well  vitayled  and  replenished  with  people. 


78  THE.  V.  YERE  OF 

For  the  citizens  fearyng  the  kynges  comynghad  prouided  for  all  thinges  necessary  &  defen- 
sible. And  assone  as  the  kyng  was  come,  he  cast  a  dcpe  trenche  with  a  high  mount  to  pro- 
hibite  them  within  the  toune  to  haue  any  egresse  or  outwarde  passage :  and  that  done,  be- 
gan fiersely  to  assault  the  toune.  But  the  men  of  the  toune  were  nothyng  abashed  and 
stode  manly  to  their  defence,  abidyng  all  chaunces  which  might  ensue.  The  tight  was  fierce 
and  euery  ma  toke  hecle  to  his  charge.  The  Englishmen  studied  all  the  waies  possible  to 
damage  their  enemies,  some  shot  arrovves,  .some  cast  stones  and  other  shot  gonnes:  some 
brake  the  walles  with  engynes  and  other  vndermined :  some  set  skalyng  ladders  to  the  wal,  and 
other  cast  in  wylde  fyre,euery  man  laboured  to  come  to  handstrokes,  whiche  was  their  desyre. 
On  the  other  side,  the  Normans  threwedoune  great  stones,  barres  of  yron,  dartes  hote  pitche 
and  burnyng  brimstone  and  boylyng  lead.  Diuers  daies  this  assault  cotinued,  not  to  the  lytle 
losse  of  the  Englishmen,  whiche  toke  more  harme  of  the  defeders  then  they  gat  hurt  of  the 
assailantes.  When  kyng  Henry  perceiued  that  the  dice  rane  not  to  his  purpose,  he  abstained 
from  the  assault,  &  determined  by  vnderminyng  to  subuert  and  ouerthrowe  the  walles  and 
towers  of  the  toune.  Wherfore  withal  diligence  the  pyoners  cast  trenches  &  the  laborers 
brought  tymber,  so  that  within  a  fewe  daies  the  walles  stode  only  vpo  postes  to  fal  when  fyrc 
should  be  put  to  it.  The  kyng  caused  his  people  to  approache  the  walles  and  to  kepe  the  citi- 
zens occupied,  least  either  theyshuld  make  acoutremyne  or  be  an  impediment  to  his  worke- 
inen  and  laborers.  Wherfore  he  caused  thassanlt  to  be  cried  againe:  then  euerye  man  ranne  to 
the  walles,  some  with  skalyng  ladders,  some  with  hokes  and  some  with  cordes  and  plommetes, 
euery  man  desiryngto  get  vpo  the  walles  and  with  hand  to  hand  to  graple  with  his  enemy:  The 
citezens  man  fully  defended.  While  the  fight  was  quicke  and  fierse  on  both  partes,  the  English- 
men in  diuers  places  perccd  and  brake  through  the  walles,  and  diuers  ouertures  and  holes 
were  made  vnder  the  foundacion  by  the  pyoners,  by  the  whiche  thenglishmen  might  easely 
entre  into  the  toune.  The  kyng  hauyng  copassion  on  the  tonnes  men,  desiryng  rather  to 
Imue  them  saued  then  destroyed  if  they  wold  humbly  submyt  the  selues  to  his  grace,  & 
fearyng  that  if  the  toune  by  fine  force  should  be  spoyled  and  taken,  that  he  should  be 
compelled  to  geue  it  as  a  pray  to  his  men  of  warrc  to  be  sacked  and  destroyed,  sent 
them  worde  by  an  Herault  that  yet  was  tyme  of  mercy  and  clemency  if  they  would  in- 
continently rendre  them  selues  &  the  toune:  But  they  obstinately  hopyng  of  succour,  an- 
swered that  they  would  stand  at  their  defence.  Then  the  Englishmen  again  skaled  the 
walles  and  enlerprised  to  enter  through  the  trenches.  The  fight  was  sore  by  the  spaca 
of  an  houre,  the  Englishmen  coragiously  enforced  to  enter,  and  the  Normans  manfully 
defended,  but  inconclusion  the  Englishmen  obteined. 

WHEN  the  kyng  was  possessed  of  the  toune,  he  incontinently  comaunded  all  barneys 
and  weapons  to  be  brought  into  one  place,  whiche  with  all  diligence  was  done  without  any 
resistence.  Then  the  miserable  people  knelyng  on  their  knees,  holding  vp  their  handes, 
cried  mercy,  mercy,  to  whom  the  kyng  gaue  certaine  comfortable  wordes  &  bad  them 
stand  vp.  And  then  as  he  was  euer  accustomed  to  do,  he  went  on  foote  to  the  chief  churche 
in  the  toune  and  rendred  to  God  his  most  heartie  thankes  for  his  prosperous  successe 
and  fortunate  chauce.  And  yet  that  same  night  he  would  not  slepe,  but  comaunded 
al  his  armye  to  watche  in  aray,  either  least  his  men  of  warre  in  the  ni^ht  tyme  mi^ht 
fal  to  spoyle  &  sacke,  or  els  the  citizens  fearyng  the  sequele  that  might  ensue  would  priuely 
steale  and  conueigh  them  selues  away. 

IN  the    mornyng  he  called  all  the  magestrates   and  gouernours  into  the  Senate  house 
where  some  for  their  stony  stubbernes  and  mad  obstinacy  were  adiudged  to  dye,  other  were 
sore  fined  and  highly  raunsomed.     Then  he  callyng  together  his  soufdiors  and  men  of  war, 
bothe  gaue  to  the  high  laudes  and  praises  for  their  manly  doyuges,  and  also  distributed  to 
euery  man  accordyng  to  his  desert  the  spoyle  &  gaine  taken  of  the  toune  &  the  tounesmen 
chi<  fly  because  at  that  assault  he  had  tried  to  his  honor  their  valiant  corages  and  vnfearful 

IT  is  to  be  imagined  that  kyng  Henry  in  this  conflict  would  principally  shewe  aswell  his, 


HENRY  THE.  V.  79 

owne  force  as  the  puissance  and  experience  in  warres  of  his  nacion,  ether  to  the  intent 
tlmt  the  Frenchemen  should  know  that  they  mette  with  suche  an  enemy  as  both  was  able  to 
inuade  their  countrie  and  defend  their  strength  &  malice,  or  els  not  obliuious  that  in 
makyng  of  warre  euery  prince  muste  study  to  obtain  fame  and  renoune:  and  as  the  old 
prouerbe  saieth,  of  a  thyng  well  begone,  succedeth  a  prosperous  ende  and  a  happy  con- 

ALTHOVGH  the  toune  were  wonne,  yet  the  castle  whiche  was  strong  and  well  fortified 
bothe  with  men  and  all  thynges  necessary  for  the  defence,  was  yet  in  the  Frenchmens  pos- 
session: The  capitain  where  of,  to  thontent  to  shewe  hyrnself  valiant  and  not  willyng  to 
breake  his  othe,  nether  to  wauer  from  his  allegeance,  bosted  that  he  would  rather  dye  in 
the  defence  then  frely  yeld  the  castle.  Kyng  Henry  was  not  minded  to  subuert  the  Castle 
(without  whiche  waie  it  was  not  easy  to  bee  wonne)  because  it  was  beautit'ull  and  necessary, 
both  to  kepe  the  toune  fro  goyng  backe,  and  also  to  defend  the  same  when  opportunitee 
should  serue:  Whiche  Castle  if  he  destroyed,  he  of  very  necessitee  must  again  build  and 
reedifie,  or  els  another  in  the  place.  Wherfore  he  sent  worde  to  the  lorde  Mountayny 
beyng  capitain,  that  if  he  would  yelde  the  castle  by  a  daie,  he  should  depart  without  clainmage, 
And  if  he  would  be  foolishe  and  obstinate,  all  clemency  and  fauor  should  be  from  hym  se_- 
questred.  When  the  capitain  and  his  compaignions  had  well  digested  his  message,  beyng  in 
dispaire  of  cofort,  vpon  the  condicion  offred,  rendred  the  castte  and  yelded  thernselfes. 
And  so  kyng  Henry  obteigned  bothe  the  toune  and  castle  of  Caen. 

WHILE  the  Kyng  of  England  was  besiegyng  this  toune,  the  Frenchmen  had  nether  a 
conuenient  hoste  to  resist  their  power,  nor  wer  ready  or  able  to  releue  their  frendes  in. 
this  miserable  necessite,  because  thei  had  such  diuision  and  dissencion  emongest  them- 
selfes,  and  a  good  cause  why:  for  kyng  Charles  was  of  so  small  wit  by  reason  of  his 
sicknes,  that  he  could  not  rule,  and  so  he  was  spoyled  both  of  his  treasure  and  of 
his  kyngdoine,  and  euery  man  spente  and  wasted  the  common  treasure.  Charles  the 
Dolphin  being  of  the  age  of.  xvi.  or.  xvij.  yeres  onely  lamented  and  bewailed  the  ruyne 
and  decaye  of  his  countrie:  He  onely  studied  thaduancement  of  the  comon  wealth,  and 
he  onely  deuised  how  to  resist  his  enemies:  but  hauyng  nether  inenne  nor  money,  he 
was  greatly  troubled  and  vnquieted.  And  in  conclusion,  by  the  counsaill  of  therle  of 
Armynacke  Constable  of  Fraunce  he  founde  a  meane  to  get  all  the  treasure  and  riches 
whiche  quene  Isabell  his  mother  had  gotten  and  horded  in  diuerse  secrete  places :  and 
for  the  comon  vtilite  of  his  countrie  he  spente  it  wisely  in  wagyng  of  souldiors  and 
preparyng  of  thinges  necessary  for  the  war.  The  queue  forgettyng  the  great  perel  that 
the  realtne  then  stode  in,  but  reinebryng  y  displeasure  to  her  by  this  act  dooen,  de- 
clared her  sonne  and  the  Constable  to  be  her  mortall  enemies,  &  promised  that  they 
should  be  persecuted  to  the  vttermoste.  And  e'uen  for  very  womanly  nmlice,  she  set  in 
the  highest  authoritie  aboute  the  kyng  her  husband,  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoyn  geuyng  hym 
the  regiment  and  direccion  of  the  kyng  and  his  real  me  with  all  preheminence  and  soueraintie. 
The  duke  of  Burgoyn  hauyng  now  the  sworde  of  authoritie,  for  the  whiche  he  so  sore  longed 
and  glad  to  be  reuenged  of  his  old  iniuries,  began  to  make  warre  on  the  Dolphyn:  and  when 
he  had  once  tamed  and  framed  to  his  purpose  this  young  unbrideled  gentleman,  then  he  deter- 
mined as  he  might  to  refell  and  withstandc  the  come  enemies  of  the  realme.  The  same  or  like 
reason  moued  the  Dolphin,  for  he  myndyng  first  to  represse  and  extincte  the  ciuill  dissencion 
at  home,  before  he  would  inuade  forain  enemies,  prepared  warre  tosubdew  and  destroy  duke 
Iho  of  Burgoyn  as  the  chief  bed  &  leader  of  that  wicked  and  great  mischief:  Wherby  the 
realme  was  muche  vnquieted  &  more  decayed,  and  in  maner  brought  to  a  final  ruvne  and 
vtter  destruccion.  So  Fraunce  was  inflamed  and  in  euery  part  troubled  with  warr  and 
deuision,  and  yet  no  man  would  ether  prouide  in  so  great  a  danger,  nor  once  put  furth  their 
finger  to  hynder  the  mischief. 

KYNG  Henry  not  myndyng  to  lye  still  in  Normandy,  nor  to  leaue  his  enterprice  vnper- 
formed,  sent  the  duke  of  Clarence  to  the  sea  coast,  whiche  with  great  difficulty  gate  the 


80  THE.  V.  YERE  OF 

toune  of  Bayeux.  The  duke  of  Glqcestre  also  with  small  assault  and  lesse  defence  toke  the 
citee  of  Liseaux.  In  the  meane  ceason  Kyng  Henry  taried  still  at  Cane  fortefiyng  the 
toune  and  the  castle,  and  put  out  of  the  toune.  xv.  C.  women  and  impotent  persons,  and 
replenished  the  toune  with  English  people.  While  the  kyng  soiourned  at  Caen,  he  kepte 
there  a  soletnpne  feast  and  made  many  knightes,  and  beside  that,  he  shewed  there  an  ex- 
ample of  greate  pitee  &  more  deuocion.  For  in  searchyng  the  castle  he  found  there  innu- 
merable substance  of  plate  and  money  belongyng  to  the  citezens,  wherof  he  would  net 
suffre  one  peny  to  be  touched  or  conueighed  away,  but  restored  the  goodes  to  the  owners 
and  deliuered  to  euery  ma  his  oAvne.  'When  the  fame  of  gettyng  of  Caen  was  blowen  through 
Normandy,  the  Normans  \ver  so  sore  afraied  &  so  muche  abasshed  that  you  should  not 
onely  haue  seen  men,  women  &  children  ronnyng  in  euery  waie  by  great  plopes  fro  toune 
to  toune,  not  knowyng  whether  to  flie:  but  also  the  rurall  persones  and  huseband  men  draue 
the  beastes  out  of  the  villages  into  suche  places  where  thei  hoped  of  refuge  or  defence:  so 
that  a  man  would  haue  thought  that  Normandy  had  sodainly  been  left  desolate  and  voyde 
of  people  and  cat  ell.  But  when  the  rumor  was  spred  abroade  of  his  clemencie  shewed  to 
captiues  and  of  his  mercy  graunted  Ho  suche  as  submitted  themselfes  to  his  grace,  all  the 
capitaines  of  the  tounes  adioynyng  came  willingly  to  his  presece,  offryng  to  hym  them  selfes, 
their  tounes  and  their  goodes.  Wherupon  he  made  proclamacion  that  all  men  whiche  had 
or  would  become  his  and  swere  to  hym  allegeance  should  enioy  their  goodes  and 
liberties  in  as  large  or  more  ample  ?«aner  then  they  did  before.  Which  gentle  entretein- 
yng  and  fauorable  hadlyng  of  the  stubburne  Normans,  was  the  very  cause  why  they  wer  not 
only  content,  but  also  glad  to  remoue  and  turne  from  the  Frenche  part  and  become  sub- 
iectes  to  the  croune  of  Englande. 

WHEN  kyng  Henry  had  set  Caen  in  a  good  ordre,  he  left  there,  for  capitaines,  the  one 
of  the  toune  and  the  other  of  the  Castle,  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile  erle  of  Kyne,  and  sir  Gil- 
bert Talbot:  and  made  bailife  ther  sir  Ihon  Pophane,  and  so  departed  fro  Caen  to  Argen- 
ton  whiche  was  shortly  redred  to  hym.     Then  all  these   tounes  folowyng  without  stroke 
striken  yelded  to  hym,  in  whom  he  made  captames  these  persons  whose  names  ensue. 
At  Creuly,  sir  Henry  Tanclux  an  Almaine. 
At  Thorigny,  sir  Ihon  Popharn  to  whom  the  toune  was  geue. 
At  Boyeux,  the  lorde  Matrauerse. 
At  Argenton,  the  lorde  Grey  Codner. 

At  Chamboy,  the  lorde  Fizghugh,  and  made  him  lord  of  the  same. 
At  Vcmoyle  in  Perche,  sir  Ihon  Neuell. 

At  Alfiso  the  duke  of  Gloucester  &  his  leuetenat  sir  Raufe  Letal. 
At  Essay,  sir  William  Hoddelston  baylif  of  Alanson. 
At  Faloys,  sir  Henry  Fitzhugh. 
At  Cruly,  sir  Loys  Robset. 
At  Conde  Norean,  sir  Ihon  FastolfFe. 
Diuerse  tounes  likewise  yelded  to  the  duke  of  Clarence  wherein  he  putte  these 


At  y  cite  of  Lisieux,  sir  Iho  Kikley.  At  Fangernon,  Ihon  saint  Albon. 

At  Cowrton,  Ihon  Awbyn.  At  Creuener,  sir  Ihon  Kerby  to  whom  it 

At  Barney,  William  Houghton.  was  geuen. 

At  Charnbroys,  lames  Neuell.  At  Annilliers,  Robert  Horneby. 

At  Becheluyn,  therle  Marshall.  At  Ragles,  sir  Ihon  Arthure. 

At  Harecort,  Richard  W'oduile  esquyer.         At  Fresheney  le  Vicount,  sir  Robert  Brent. 
Likewise  diuerse  tounes  in  the  country  of  Constantine  wer  surrendered  to  the 

duke  of  Gloucester,  where  he  appoyncted  these  capitaines. 

At  Cauenton,  the  lorde  Botraux.  At  Chiergurg,  the  lord  Grey  Codner  and 

At  Seint  Clow,  Reignold  West.  after    his   decease,    sir  water  Hunger- 

At  Valoignes,  Thomas  Burgh.  ford. 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  81 

At  Pont  Done,  Dauy  Howel.  At  Hambery  the  erle  of  Suftblke,    lorde 

At  the  Hay  Dupayes,  sir  Ihon  Aston  of  the  same  place  by  gift. 

Bayly  of  Constantine.  At  Briqueuile,  thesaied  Erie  by  gift  also. 

At  Costiices,  the  lord  of  Burgainy,  At  Anranches,  sir  Philip  Halle,  Bayly  of 

At  Seint  Saluior  le  Vicount,  sir  Ihon  Alanson. 

Robset.  At  Vire  the  lorde  Matrauers. 

At  Pontorso,  sir  Robert  Gargrane.  At  Sainct   lames   de   Bewron,   the  same 


WHEN  the  Kyng  of  Englande  wanne  thus  in  Normandy,  his  nauy  lost  nothyng  on  the 
sea,  but  so  skowred  the  stremes  that  nether  Frencheman  nor  Briton  durst  once  appere,  how- 
beit  one  day  there  arose  so  hideous  a  tempest  and  so  terrible  a  storme,  that  nether  cable  held 
nor  anker  preuailed,  so  that  if  the  erles  of  Marche  and  Huntyngdon  had  not  taken  the  haue 
of  Southampto,  the  whole  nauie  had  perished  and  the  people  had  been  destroyed,  and  yet 
the  sauegard  was  straunge:  For  in  the  same  hauen  two  Balyngers  and  two  great  Carickes 
laden  with  marchaundise  wer  drouned,  and  the  broken  Maste  of  another  Caricke  was 
blowen  ouer  the  wall  of  Hapton  (as  diuerse  writers  affirme)  such  is  the  power  of  the  wynd, 
and  suche  is  the  rigonre  of  the  tempest.  Whe  the  fury  of  the  wynd  was  asswaged  and  the 
sea  waxed  calme,  tlierles  of  Marche  and  Huntyngdon  passed  ouer  the  sea  with  all  their  com- 
paignie  and  landed  in  Normandy  marchyng  towarde  the  kyng,  before  whom  the  Normans 
fled  as  fast  as  the  fearfull  hare  dooth  before  the  gredy  Greyhounde,  or  the  sely  Partridge 
before  the  Sparowhauke.  And  so  they  passed  through  the  countrie  destroiyng  of  villages 
and  takyng  paines  till  thei  came  to  tiie  kyng  goyng  towarde  Roan.  Duryng  this  marciall 
feactes  and  greate  conqnestes  in  Normandy,  sir  Ihon  Oldecastle  lord  Cobham  whiche  was 
as  you  haue  heard  before  was  conuicted  of  heresy,  and  proclaimed  a  rebell,  and  vpon  the 
same  outlawed  and  brake  out  of  the  toure,  was  now  as  his  fortune  chauneed  apprehended  in 
the  Marches  of  Wales  by  the  Lorde  Powes,  and  so  restored  to  his  olde  lodgyng  in  the  toure, 
where  his  kepers  loked  more  narrowly  to  hym  then  thei  did  before.  After  whiche  takyng, 
he  was  drawen  from  the  toure  on  a  hardell  to  Sainct  Gilesfelde,  and  there  hanged  in  chaynes 
and  after  consumed  with  fire.  Well  now  leauyng  the  matters  of  Englande  let  vs  returne  to 
the  affaires  in  Normandy. 


AFter  kyng  Henry  had  thus  victoriously  obteined  so  many  touhes  and  so  many  fortresses  The.  v-: 
from  the  possession  of  his  enemies,  and  that  his  great  fame  and  litle  personage  was  the  >cre> 
whole  terror  and  feare  of  the  Frenche  nacion,  he  ymagined  with  hymself  that  he  had  no- 
thyng doen  nor  any  thyng  gotten  excepte  he  brought  the  famous  citee  of  Roan  beyng  the 
Empery  and  diademe  of  the  Duchy  of  Normandy  into  his  possession  &  dominion,  to  the 
whiche  out  of  euery  parte  the  Normans  had  conueighed  their  money  lewelles  and  houshold 
stuffe :  And  whiche  citee  sithe  his  firste  arriuall  thei  had  not  onely  walled  and  fortressed  with 
many  rampiers  &  strong  bulwarkes,  but  also  with  valiat  capitaines  and  hardy  souldiours  to 
no  small  numbre.  Wherfore  he  set  forward  his  army  toward  the  toune  called  Pontlarche 
standyng  vpon  the  Riuer  of  Seyne.  viij.  mile  from  Roan  betwene  Paris  and  Roan.  When 
When  the  Frenchernen  whiche  kepte  the  passage  heard  of  the  kynges  approchyng,  thei  gathered 
together  a  great  nurnbre  of  men  of  war  re  redy  to  defend  and  prohibite  the  passage,  apoint-  • 
yng  another  a  band  of  men  if  thei  failed  to  kepe  the  farther  side  of  the  bridge  and  to  watche 
and  hourely  attend  that  he  nether  by  bote  nor  by  vessel  should  eskapc  any  maner  of  wave. 
When  he  came  to  the  toune,  first  he  sette  forwarde  towarde  the  bridge,  whiche  when  he  sa\ve  it 
so  well  defended  that  it  would  not  without  greate  losse  be  obteigned,  sotlainly  he  blewe  the  re- 
traite  and  reculed  almoste  a  myle  backward,  where  in  a  pleasant  place  by  the  riuers  side  he 
pitched  his  Campe :  and  in  the  night  season,  what  with  boles  and  barges,  what  with  howes- 
hedes  and  pipes  he  conueighed  ouer  the  brode  riuer  of  Seyne  a  greate  compaignie  of  his 
arraie.  without  any  resistaunce  of  his  enemies.  For  thei  whiche  wer  on  the  hethersicle  of 

M  Seyne, 

82  THE.  VI.  YERE  OF 

Seyne,  thynkyng  that  thenglishmen  had  gone  to  conquere  some  other  place  folowed  the  not 
but  studied  how  to  defed  their  toune  (whiche  was  ynough  for  them  to-  do).     When  the  king 
saw  that  his  men  wer  on  the  qtherside  of  the  water,  he  the  next  day  earely  returned  to  ihe 
toune  and  assauted  it  on  hothe  the  sides.     When  thinhabitantes  perceiued  that  contrary  to 
their  cxpectacio  they  wer  copassed  &  beset  by  their  enemies  and  sawe  no  hope  of  refuge  or 
succor,  with  humble  hert  and  no  great  ioy  rendered  vp  the  toune.     And  so  the  kyng  hau- 
vng  no  let  or  impediment  determined  to  besiege  and  assault  the  citee  and  castle  of  Roan  for 
the  whiche  he  had  taken  diuerse  long  and  tedious  iornayes,  and  sent  before  hym  his  vncle  the 
lorde  Thomas  duke  of  Excester  with  a  great  compaignie  of  horssemen  and  Archers,  whiche 
with  banner  displayed  came  before  the  toune  and  sent  to  the  capitaines  Wyndsore  a  he- 
raulte  at  armes,  wiliyng  them  to  deliuer  the  toune  to  the  kyng  his  Master,  or  els  he  would 
persecute  them  with  fire,  bloud  and  sworde.  To  who  they  proudly  answered,  that  none  thei 
receiued  of  hym,  nor  none  thei  would  deliuer,  except  by  fyne  force  ,thei  wer  therunto  co- 
pelled.     And  to  declare  theselfes  valiant  capitaines  &  hardy  men  of  war,  there  issued  out  of 
the  toune  a  great  band  of  men  of  annes  &  encoutred   fiercely  with  theglish  men,  whiche 
like  men  nether  afraied  nor  astonied  manfully  them  receiued  &  with  fyne  force  draue  them 
into  the  toune  again,  leuyng  with  the  Englishmen,  xxx.  of  their  compaignie  prisoners  and 
ded  persons.     The  duke  with. this  good  t>pede  and  proude  aunswer  of  the  Frenche  capi- 
taines, returned  to  the  kyng  to  whom  was  rendred  alitle  before  y  toune  of  Louierg,  \vhiche 
he  gaue  to  his  said  brother  the  duke  of  Clarence,  whiche  made  there  his  deputie  sir  Ihou 
Godard  knight.     The  duke  of  Excester  also  had  newly  taken  the  citee  of  Eureux  and  made 
eapitain  ther  sir  Gilbert  Halsall  knight.     When  the  duke  of  Excester  was  returned  to  Font- 
larchas  you  haue  heard,  the  capitaines  of  Roan  set  fire  on  the  suburbes,  bet  doune  Churches, 
cut  doune  trees,  shrede  the  busshes,  destroyed  the  vines  round  about  the  citee,  to  thentent 
that  thenglishmen  should  haue  no  relief  nor  comfort  ether  of  lodgyng  or  fewell. 
Thecitee  of      WHEN  the  kyng  heard  of  their  dispitefull  doynges,  he  with  his  whole  army  remoued  from 
Roan  b<  e-  pont]arcnC}  anci  t[ie  ]ast  <jaje  of  juiy  came  before  the  citee  of  Roan  and  compassed  it  rounde 
aboute  with  a  strong  siege  and  a  fearfull  assaute.     The  king  laie  with  a  greate  puissaunce 
at  the  hous  of  Charitee  on  the  East  side  of  the  citee,  &  the  duke  of  Clarence  lodged  before 
the  port  of  Caux  on  the  West  part  of  the  citee.     The  duke  of  Excester  toke  his  place  on 
the  Northside  at  the  porte  Denise :  betwene  the  dukes  of  Excester  and  Clarence  was  ap- 
poyncted  the  erle  Marshall  euen  before  the  gate  of  the  castle,  to  whom  wer  ioyned  therle  of 
Ormond  and  the  Lordes  of  Haryngton  and  Talbot.  And  from  the  duke  of  Excester  toward 
the  kyng  were  encamped  the  lordes  of  Rosse,  Willoughby,  Fitzhugh  and  sir  William  Porter 
with  a  great  band  of  Northrenme  euen  before  the  port  saint  Hillarij.     Therks  of  Mortaint 
and  Salsbery  wer  assigned  about  the  abbey  of  saint  Katherines.     Sir  Ihon  Grey  was  lodged 
directly  against  the  Chapel  called  Mount.  S.  Mighell,  sir  Philip  Leche  treasorer  of  the 
warres  kept  the  hil  next  the  Abbey,  &  the  Baron  of  Carew  kept  the  passage  on  the  riucr 
of  Sayne,  and  to  hym  was  ioyned  a  valiaunt  esquire  called  lenico,  whiche  twoo  capitaines 
valiauntly  kept  the  riuage  of  the  water  of  Sayne.  On  the  fartherside  of  the  riuer  wer  lodged 
therles  of  Warren  and  Huntyngdon,  the  lordes  Neuell  and  Ferrers,  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile 
with  a  well  furnished  company  of  warlik  souldiors  directly  before  the  gate  called  port  du 
Pont.     And  to  the  intent  that  no  aide  should  passe  by  the  riuer  toward  the  citee,  a  greate 
chaine  of  yron  was  deuised  at  Potlarche  and  sette  on  piles  from  the  one  side  of  the  water  to 
the  other,  and  beside  that  chayne  he  set  vp  a  new  forced  bridge,  sufficient  bothe  for  cariage 
and  passage.  At  whiche  therle  of  Warwicke  whiche  had  gotten  Dampfrot  was  sent  to  the  toune 
of  Cawdebeck  standyng  on  the  riucrside  betwen  the  sea  and  the  citee  of  Roan,  whiche  toune 
he  so  hardly  assaulted,  that  the  capitaines  offerd  to  surrre  the  Englishe  nauy  to  passe  by 
their  toune  without  hurte  or  detriment  to  the  citee  of  Roan:  And  also  if  Roan  yelded, 
they  promised  to  rendre  their  toune  without  any  fayle  or  farther  delaie.     And  this  composi- 
cion  they  sealed,  and  for  performaunce  of  ihe  same  thei  deliuered  pledges.    This  appoynct- 
tnent  the  Englishe  nauy  to  the  numbre  of.  C.  sailes  passed  by  Cawdebeck  and  came  be- 

ti  fore 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  83 

fqre  Roan  and  besieged  it  on  the  water  side.  To  this  siege  came  the  duke  of  Gloucester 
with  therle  of  Suliblke  and  the  lor'de  of  Burgainy  whiche  had  taken  the  toune  of  Chierburgh 
and  \ver  lodged  before  tho  porte  of  Sainct  Hillarij  nerer  their  enemies  by  fortie  roddes  then 
any  other  j  er^ones  of  the  annie. 

DVRYNG  this  siege  arriued  at  Harflew  the  lord  of  Kylmaine  in  Ireland  with  a  band  of 
xvi.  liundreth  Iieshrnen  armed  in  uiayle  with  dartes  and  skaynes  after  the  tnaner  of  their 
countrey,  all  talle,  quickc  and  deliuer  persons;  which  came  and  presented  them  selues  be- 
fore the  kyng  liyng  styl  at  the  siege :  of  whom  they  were  not  onely  geoitely  entertained,  but 
also  (because  that  the  kyng  was  informed  that  the  Frenche  kyng  and  tlie  duke  of  Burgojn 
would  shortly  come,  and  either  rayse  the  siege  or  vitaile  or  ma  the  toune  at  the  North  gate) 
thei  wer  appointed  to  kepe  the  Northsyde  of  the  army,  and  in  especial  the  way  that  cometh 
from  the  forest  of  Lyons.  Whiche  charge  the  lord  of  Kylmaine  &,  his  company  ioyfully 
accepted  &  did  so  their  deuoyre,  that  no  men  wer  more  praised  nor  did  more  damage  to 
their  enemies  then  they  did  for  surely  their  quickncs  and  swiftnes  did  more  prejudice  to 
their  enemies,  then  their  great  barded  horses  did  hurt  or  damage  the  nimble  Irishmen. 

THVS  was  the  fay  re  cytie  of  Roan  compassed  about  with  enemies  besieged  by  princes, 
and  beset  about  both  by  water  and  laude,  hauyng  neither  comfort  nor  aide  of  kyng  nor  dol- 
phyn.     And  although  the  army  were  strong  without,  yet  within  there  lacked   neither  hardy 
capitaynes  nor  manful  souldiors.     And  as  for  people,  they  had  more  then  ynowe,  for  as  it 
was  written  by  him  that  knew  the  nombre  and  had  no  occasio  to  erre  from  the  trueth,  there 
were  at  the  time  of  the  siege  within  thedtie,  of  christen  people  CC.  and  ten  thousand  per- 
sons.    Dayly  wer  issues  made  out  of  the  cytie  at  diuers  portes,  sometyme  thenglishmen  gat, 
at  another  time  the  Frenchmen  saued,  somtyme  neither  of  both  either  got  or  saucd :  for 
surely  the  capitaines  and  men  of  warre  within  the  toune  settyng  more  by  honor  then  by  life, 
preferryng  fame  before  worldly  riches,  dispisyng  pleasure  &  vilependyng  fearfull  heartes, 
svvare  eclie  to  other  netier  to  render  or  deliuer  the  toune  while  they  mighteither  hold  sworde 
in  hand  or  putsnerein  rest.     The  kyng  of  England  beyng  aduertised  of  their  haute  coura- 
ges and  high  stomackes,  determined  to  co.nqnere  them  by  famyne  whiche  would  not  be  ta- 
med by  weapon.     Wherfore  he'stopped  all  the  passages  both  by  water  and  land  that   no 
vitaile  could  be  coueighed  to  the  cytie,  he  cast  trenches  rounde  about  the  wallcs  and  set 
them  ful  of  stakes  and  defended  the  with  archers,  so  that  they  within  could  haue  no  way  out 
ether  to  inuade  their  enemies  (or  if  they  could)  to  depart  and  relinquishe  their  fortresse 
and  cytie.    One  day  tidynsres  wer  tayned  that  the  Frenche  kyng  approched  with  al  his  power 
to  raise  the  siege  &  reskew  the  cytie :  Wherfore  kyng  Uery  comaunded  al  men  to  lye  in 
their  barneys  lest  they  might  by  some  subtile  cautel  be  surprised  vmvare  and  taken  vnproui- 
ded.     But  the  Freche  kyng  neither  came  nor  sent,  to  the  great  wonder  of  thenglishmen. 
This  siege  thus  continuyrig  from  Lammas  almost  to  Christmas,  diuers  enterprises  were  at- 
tempted and  diuers  polices  were  deuised  how  euery  part  might  dau  age  and  hurte  his  aduer- 
sary  and  enemy,  but  no  part  mnche  reioysed  of  their  gaine.     Duryng  whiche  tvme,  vitayle 
began  sore  to  faile  within  the  toune,  so  that  only  vinegsr  &  water  serued  for  drinke.     If  1 
should  rehcrse  accordyng  to  the  writyng  of  diuers  authors,  not  onely  howe  deare  dogges, 
rattes,  myse  and  cattes  wer  solde  within  the  toune:  but  how  gredely  they  were  by  the  poore 
'  people  eaten  and  deuoured,  and  also  howe  the  people  died" day ly  for  faute  of  foode,  and 
how  yong  infates  lay  suckyng  in  the  stretes  on  their  mothers  brestes  liyng  dead,  staruen  for 
hunger,  you  would  more  abhorre  the  lothsome  doyuges  then  reioyse  at  their  miserable  mis- 
chrice.     The  riche  men  within  the  toune  put  out  at  the  gates  the  pore  and  indigent  crea- 
tures whiehe  were  by  thenglishmen  that  kept  the  trenches  beaten  &  driuen  backe  againe 
to, the  gates  of  the  toune,  whiche  against  them  were  closed  and  barred.     So  this  miserable 
people  vncomfortably  forsaken  &  vnnaturally  despised  of   their  owne  nacion  and  hous- 
holde  felowes,  betwene  the  walles  of  their  cytie  and  the  treches  of  their  enemies  lay  styl 
ciiyng  for  helpe  and  n-lief,    for  lacke   wherof  innumerahle   scly   solles  dayly  died  and 
hourely  starued.     Yet  kyng  Henry  nioued  with  pitie  &  stirred  with  copassion  in  the  honor 



of  Christes  natiuitie  on  Christmas  day  refreshed  all  the  poorc  people  with  vitayle  to  their 
great  comfort  &  relief:  for  the  whiche  act  they  not  only  thanked,  lauded  and  praised  the 
kyng  of  England,  but  also  praied  to  God  for  his  preseruacion  and  furtherance,  and  for  the 
hynderance  and  euil  successe  of  their  vnkynd  citezens  &  vncharitable  country  men.  Tins 
miserable  famyne  dayly  more  and  more  encreasyng  so  daunted  the  heartes  of  the  bold  ca- 
pitaynes,  &  so  abated  the  courages  of  the  riche  burgesses,  and  so  turmeted  the  bodies  of 
the  poore  citezens,  that  the  stout  souldiour  for  fai nines  could  skase  welde  his  weapon,  nor 
the  riche  tnarchaunt  for  money  could  not  bye  a  sheuer  of  bread :  so  that  the  cominaltie 
cried  to  the  captaines,  and  the  nedy  people  besought  the  lorcles  to  haue  compassion  on  them, 
and  to  inuent  some  way  for  their  succor  and  comfort.  The  gouernours  of  the  tonne,  after 
long  consultacion  had,  consideryng  the  great  necessitie  that  they  were  in,  and  seyng  none 
apparence  of  succour  or  relief,  determined  it  both  necessary  and  conuenient  to  treate  with 
the  kyng  of  England.  And  so  vpo  Newyeres  euen  ther  came  to  the  walles  at  the  gate  of 
the  bridge  diuers  comissioners  appoincted  by  the  capitaines,  whiche  made  a  signe  to  the 
englishemen  liyng  without  to  speake  with  some  gentleman  or  other  person  of  authorise. 
The  earle  of  Huntingdon  whiche  kept  that  part  sent  to  them  sir  Gilbert  Vmfrcuilc,  to  who 
they  declared  that  if  they  might  haue  a  guvde  or  a  safcconduite  they  would  gladly  speake 
with  the  kyng.  Syr  Gilbert  promised  not  onely  to  do  theyr  message,  but  also  to  cerlifie 
the  of  the  kinges  pleasure  &  purpose.  Whiche  comunicacion  ended,  he  repaired  to  the 
duke  of  Clarence  and  other  of  the  kynges  counsail,  adnertisyng  the  of  the  request  of  the 
citezens,  whiche  incStinent  assembled  theselucs  in  the  kynges  lodgyng,  where  sir  Gilbert 
Vmfreuile  wysely  and  soberly  declared  to  the  kyng  the  myndes  and  intentes  of  the  citezens. 
The  kyng  like  a  graue  prince  consideryng  that  a  thyng  gotten  without  effusion  of  Christen 
blond  is  both  honorable  and  profitable,  and  sawe  that  the  haute  corages  of  the  braggyng 
Frenchmen  wer  now  by  his  hard  besiegyng  sore  abated  and  almost  tamed,  thought  it  con- 
uenient to  hcare  their  lowly  peticion  and  humble  request  and  so  willed  sir  Gilbert  to  ad- 
uertise  them  that  he  was  content  to  heare.  xii.  of  them  whiche  should  be  safely  coueighed 
to  his  presence :  With  this  answere  sir  Gilbert  departed  and  made  relacion  therof  to  the 
capitaynes  standyng  at  the  gate.  Whiche  on  the  next  day  in  the  rnornyng  appointed,  iiii. 
knightes.  iiii.  lerned  men  and.  iiii.  sage  burgesses  al  clothed  in  blacke  to  go  to  the  kyng  of 
Englad.  These,  xii.  persons  were  receiued  at  the  port  sainct  Hillarij  by  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile 
accompanied  with  diuers  gentlemen  and  yomen  of  the  kynges  houshold,  comonly  called 
yomcn  of  the  croune,  and  conueighed  to  the  kynges  lodgyng,  who  they  found  at  Masse. 
When  the  deuine  seruice  was  finished  king  Henry  gorgeously  apparelled  and  sumpteously 
adourned  came  out  of  his  trauers,  fiersely  and  princely  beholdyng  the  Frenche  messegers 
and  passed  by  them  into  his  chambre.  After  him  incontinently  the.  xii.  ambassadours  wer 
conueighed,  amongest  who  one  learned  in  the  ciuile  law,  more  arrogant  then  learned  &  yet 
not  so  arrogant  as  vndiscrete  sayd  these  wordes.  Right  high  and  mightie  prince,  right 
noble  and  puissant  kyng,  if  you  wyl  with  your  selfe  diligently  cdsider  wherein  consisteth  the 
glory  of  victorye  and  the  triumph  of  a  conquerour,  you  shall  plainly  perceiue,  that  the 
type  of  honor  is  in  the  tamyng  of  proud  men,  ouercomyng  of  valiant  sou-ldiors  and  subdu~ 
yng  of  strong  cyties  and  popnlus  regions,  and  not  in  slaiyng  christen  people  by  hunger  thirst 
and  famine,  in  whiche  consisteth  neither  manhod,  wit  nor  policy.  Alas,  regard  you  your 
honor,  and  se  yonder  great  multitude  of  miserable  people  criyng  for  meat  and  wepyng  for 
drinke  and  diyng  for  lacke  of  succour  and  relief.  What  glory  shall  you  obtayne  in  killyng 
of  wretches  by  famyne,  whiche  death  of  all  deathes  is  most  to  be  despised  and  abhorred. 
If  you  wyl  shew  your  selfe  charitable  before  God,  or  merciful  before  men,  let  al  our  poore 
people  whiche  wyl  depart  out  of  our  cytie  passe  through  your  campe  to  get  their  liuyng  in 
other  places,  and  then  manfully  assaut  our  cytie,  &  by  force  (if  you  dare)  subdue  and  con- 
quere  it.  And  if  your  enterprise  succede  fortunately  (as  a  thing  that  is  very  doubtful)  in 
this  doyng  you  shall  not  onely  obtaine  worldly  glory  and  terrestrial  victory  for  ouercommyng 
the  strong  and  puissant  men  of  armes  and  the  riche  eytie,  but  also  merite  much  before  God 


KVNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  85 

for  deliueryng  and  hauyng  compassion  of  the  poore  ucdy  and  indigent  persons.  ,  When  this 
Orator  had  sayd,  the  kyng,  whiche  no  request  lesse  suspected  then  that  whiche  was  thus 
desired,  began  a  while  to  muse:  And  when  he  had  wel  perceiued  the  crafty  cautel  and 
fraudulent  inuencion  of  the  1'renche  messengers,  he  with  a  fierse  countenance  and  a  hold 
spirit  made  to  them  this  answer  saiyng  :  Thynke  you  O  fatastical  Frenchmen  that  I  am  so 
ignorant  and  so  brutal  that  I  cannot  perceiue  your  double  dealyng  and  crafty  conueigh- 
haunce  :  ludgc  you  me  so  simple  that  I  know  not  wherin  the  glory  of  a  coqueror  cdsisteth. 
Esteme  you  me  so  ignoraunt  that  I  perceiue  not  what  craftes  and  warlike  pollices  by  strong 
enemies  are  to  be  subdued  and  brought  to  subiection  :  yes,  yes,  I  am  not  so  loiteryng  a  Iruand 
as  to  forgette  so  good  a  lesson.  And  if  these  thynges  be  to  you  blynd  and  obscure  I  wyl 
declare  and  open  them  to  you.  The  goddesse  of  warre  called  Edlona  (whiche  is  the  cor- 

•      1  -111  •••!  JL  1  i'     /"•       J       r  '  1 

rectnce  of  princes  for  right  witholdyng  or  imurie  doyng,  and  the  plage  or  uod  tor  euil 
liuyng  and  vntrue  demeanor  amongest  subiectes)  hath  these,  iii.  handmaides  euer  of  neces- 
sitie  attendyng  on  her,  bloud,  fyre,  and  famine,  whiche  thre  damosels  be  of  that  force  & 
strength  that  euery  one  of  them  alone  is  able  and  sufficient  to  turrnent  and  afflict  a  proud 
prince :  and  they  all  ioyned  together  are  of  puissance  to  destroy  the  most  populous  coun- 
trey  and  most  richest  region  of  the  world.  If  I  by  assaultyng  of  your  toune  should  seke 
your  bloud  (although  I  gained  as  I  doubt  not  but  I  should)  yet  my  gaine  wer  not  cleare 
without  some  losse  of  my  people.  If  I  set  your  cytie  on  fyre,  and  so  consume  it  and  you 
also,  then  haue  I  lost  that  precious  iewel  for  the  whiche  I  haue  so  sore  longed  and  so  long 
laboured.  Therfore  to  saue  myne  owne  people  (which  is  onepoinct  of  glory  in  a  capitaine) 
and  to  preserue  the  toune  whiche  is  my  lauful  and  iust  inheritaunce :  And  to  saue  as  many 
of  you  as  wil  not  willyngly  be  destroied,  I  haue  appointed  the  mekest  maide  of  the  thre 
damosels  to  afflict  and  plage  you  tyll  you  be  bridled  and  brought  to  reason,  which  shalbe 
when  it  shal  please  me  and  not  at  your  appointment :  And  therfore  I  say  and  affirme  that 
the  gayne  of  a  capitaine  by  any  of  these  thre  handmaides  is  bothe  glorious,  honorable  and 
triumphant,  but  of  all  thre  the  yongest  maide  is  in  all  thinges  most  profitable  and  comodious. 
Now  to  answer  to  your  demaundes,  as  touching  the  pore  people  Hyng  in  the  ditches,  I  as- 
sure you  I  more  lament  your  lacke  of  chantie  toward  your  christen  brethre  ye  and  your  owne 
nacion  of  one  language  and  one  countrey,  then  I  reioyce  at  the  vndoyng  of  so  many  crea- 
tures and  castyng  away  of  so  many  enemies.  You  like  tirantes  put  the  out  of  the  toune  to 
thentent  that  I  should  slay  them,  and  yet  I  haue  saued  their  Hues.  You  would  neither  geue 
them  meat  nor  drinke,  and  yet  I  beyng  their  mortal  enemy  haue  succoured  and  releued 
them  :  so  that  if  any  vncharitie  be,  it  is  in  you,  if  any  shame  or  reproche  be  taken,  receiue 
it  your  selfe,  for  you  be  the  doers.  If  I  haue  done  them  good  let  God  rewarde  me,  for  I 
loke  of  them  no  thankes,  if  you  haue  done  them  cuil  so  shal  you  be  done  to.  And  as  to 
suffre  your  pore  people  to  passe  out  of  the  cytie  through  my  campe,  no,  no,  I  wyll  not 
so  accomplishe  your  cloked  request,  but  you  shall  kepe  them  styl  to  helpe  to  spend  your 
vitailes :  And  as  to  assault  your  toune,  I  wil  you  know  it  that  I  am  therto  both  able  and 
willyng  as  I  se  tyme  &  occasion  :  but  seyng  the  choice  is  in  my  hand  to  tame  you  either  with 
bloud,  fyre,  or  famyne,  or  with  all,  I  wyl  take  the  choice  at  my  pleasure  &  not  at  yours. 
And  with  that  the  kyng  with  a  frownyng  countenaunce  departed  fro  them  to  his  chambre 
and  comaunded  them  to  dine  with  his  officers. 

WHEN  he  was  departed,  the  Frenchmen  began  to  marueil  at  his  excellent  wit,  and  to 
muse  at  the  hautnes  of  his  courage,  and  after  they  had  dined  and  consulted  together,  they 
required  once  againe  to  haue  accesse  to  his  royal  presence,  whiche  when  it  was  to  them 
grauted,  they  humblyng  them  selues  on  their  knees  besought  him  to  take  a  truce  for.  viii. 
daies,  in  the  whiche  they  might  by  their  commissioners  take  some  ende  and  good  conclusion 
with  him  and  his  counsail.  The  kyng  like  a  piteous  prince  rather  couetyng  the  preseruacion 
of  the  people,  then  their  destruction,  after  good  deliberation  taken,  grauted  to  them  their 
askyng,  with  the  whiche  answere  they  ioyously  returned, 

AFTER  their  departure  were  appointed  and  set  vp.  iii.  riche  tentes,  the  one  for  the  lordes 


85  THE.  VI.  YERE  OF 

of  England  to  consult  together,  the  second  for  the  commissioners  of  the  cytie,  and  y  third 
for  both  partes  to  argue  and  debate  the  matter.  The  cdtnissitiners  for  the  Englishe  part  wer 
the  erles  of  Warwike  &  Salsbury,  the  lord  Fitzhugh,  sir  water  Hungerford,  sir  Gilbert  Vra- 
freuiie,  sir  Ihon  Robsert  &  Ihon  de  Vasques  de  Almada.  And  for  the  French  part  wer  ap- 
pointed sir  Guy  de  Butteler  &.  vi.  other. 

DVHYNG  this  truce,  euery  day  the  comissioners  met,  the  Englishmen  accused,  and 
the  Frenchmen  excused,  the  Englishmen  demaunded  muche,  and  the  Frenchmen  profered 
lytle.  Thus  with  arguyng  &  reasonyng  the.  viiii.  day  came  and  notliyng  was  done,  nor  one 
article  concluded.  Wherfore  the  Englishmen  toke  doune  the  tentes  &  the  Frenchmen  toke 
their  leaue,  but  at  their  departyng,  they  remembryng  them  selues  required  the  Englishe 
lordes  for  the  loue  of  God  that  the  truce  might  continue  tyl  the  sunne  risyng  the  next  day, 
to  the  whiche  the  lordes  sone  assented.  When  the  Frenchmen  wer  returned  to  Roan,  so*- 
denly  in  al  the  tonne  sprong  a  rumour  that  the  truce  was  expired  and  nothyng  determined. 
Then  the  poore  people  ranne  about  the  stretes  like  frantike  persons,  shoutyngand  criyng 
and  callyng  the  captaines  and  gouernors  murtherers  and  manquellers,  saiyng  that  for  their 
pride  &  stytfe  stomacke  al  this  misery  was  happened  in  the  toune,  threatenyng  to  slay  them 
if  they  would  not  agre  to  the  kyng  of  Engludes  demaund  and  request.  The  Magistrates 
beyng  amased  with  the  fury  of  the  people,  called  al  the  toune  together  to  knowe  their 
myndes  and  opinions.  The  whole  voice  of  the  comons  was  to  yeld,'  yeld,  rather  than 
starue.  Then  the  Frenchmen  in  the  euenyng  came  to  the  tent  of  sir  Ihon  Robsert,  requi- 
ryng  him  of  getlenes  to  moue  the  kyng  that  the  truce  might  be  prolonged  for.  iiii.  daies. 
The  kyng  therunto  agreed  and  appointed  tharchbishop  of  Canterbury  and  the  other.' vu. 
before  named  for  his  part,  and  the  citezens  appoincted  an  egal  nomber  for  them.  So  the 
tentes  were  againe  set  vp,  dayly  was  assembles  and  muche  treaty  on  both  parties,  and  oa 
the  fourth  day  by  the  helpe  of  God,  the  treaty  was  concluded  and  finished  to  the  great  re- 
ioysyng  of  the  poore  citezens,  the  copy  wherof  foloweth  worde  by  worde. 

^f  The  appointmentes  of  the  yeldyng  vp  of  the  cytie  and  castle  of  Roan. 

1  FIRST  it  is  accorded  that  Guy  de  Botellier  capitaine  of  the  Cytie  and  castle  of  Roan  with 
the  consent  of  the  noble  citezens  &  other  dwellyng  and  beyng  in  the  sayd  cytie  and  castell 
shall  yelde  and  deliuer  into  the  handes  of  the  ful  excellent  kyng  of  England  or  other  what 
so  he  be  by  him  deputed,  the  cytie  &  castle  aboue  sayd  without  fraude  or  male  engine,  what 
tyme  after  the  middes  of  the.  xix.  day  of  this  present  moneth  of  January  our  sayd  lord 
the  kyng  wyllthe  cytie  and  thecastel  to  be  deliuered  vnder  maner  and  forrne  within  written. 

2  ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  the  day  £  houre  the  sayd  nobles  and  citezens  &  other  what  so 
they  be  dwellyng  &  beyng  in  the  sayd  cytie  &  castel  shal  submit  them  in  al  thinges  to  the 
grace  of  our  sayd  lorde  the  kyng. 

3  ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  from  this  houre  vnto  real  £  effectual  yeldyng  of  the  sayd  cytk; 
&  castle,  none  of  the  sayd  nobles  or  other  beyng  in  the  sayd  cytie  or  castle  shal  not  go  out 
of  the  foresayd  cytie  and  castle  without  special  grace  of  our  sayd  lord  the  kyng. 

4  ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  from  this  houre  vnto  the  deliuerance  of  the  cytie,  euery  of  the 
parties  shall  abstaine  from  all  deedes  of  warre  to  make  againe  that  other  partie  of  them. 

5  ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  the  foresayd  nobles,  citezens  and  other  beyng  in  the  sayd  cytie 
&  castle  shall  pay  to  our  foresayd  lorde  the  kyng  CCC.   thousand  scutes  of  golde,  wherof 
alwayes  two  shalbe  worth  an   Englishe  noble,  or  in   the  stead  of  euery  scute,  xxx.  great 
blaukes  whyte  or.  xv.   grotes.     Of  whiche.  CCC.  thousand  scutes,  the  one  halfe  shalbe 
payde  to  our  sayd  lord  the  kyng  or  to  his  deputies  within  the  cytie  of  Roan  beforesayd  the. 
xxii.  day  of  this  present  moneth  of  January,  and  that  other  halfe  shalbe  paide  to  our  sayd 
lord  the  kyng  or  to  his  deputies  in  the  feast  of  saint  Mathew  the  Apostle  next  comyng  that 
shalbe  the.  xxiiii.  day  of  February  next,  without  any  viler  delay. 

6  ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  horse,  harneys,  armures,  artileries  for  shot  and  all 
other  habilimentes  of  warre  longyng  to  souldiors  or  other  straungers  beyng  in  the  sayd  cytie 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  87 

and  castle,  shalbe  put  together  by  them  in  two  houses  by  our  sayd  lord  the  kyng  to  be  as- 
signed, &  they  shalbe  deliuered  by  the  capitaine  of  the  sayd  cytie  to  our  forsayd  lord  the 
kyng  after  the  niiddes  of  the.  xix.  day  of  January  therupon  to  be  required. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  armour,  artilleries  and  all  habiliinentes  of  war  of  7 
the  sayd  castle  shalbe  put  together  in  one  house  within  the  same  castle,  and  they  shulbe  de- 
liuered to  oure  sayd  lorde  the  kyng  or  to  his  deputies  in  that  partie,  the  day  that  the  same 
castle  shalbe  fallen  to  be  deliuered  to  our  sayd  lord  the  kyng. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  armures,  artilleries  &  other  habilimentes  of  warre  8 
of  thesaid  citee  or  of  al  maner  of  citezcns  arid  of  ul  other  dwellyng  therin,  by  them  shalbe 
brought  aud  put  together  in  one  hous  or  mo  houses  there  by  theim  to  be  deliuered  to  our 
Lord  the  kyng,  &  by  the  capitain  of  the  same  citee  shalbe  deliuered  to  our  forsaid  Lorde 
the  kyng  or  to  his  deputie  in  what  tyme  the  said  capitain  by  the  partie  of  our  moste  doubt- 
full  lorde  the  kyng,  after  the  middaie  of  this  present  moneth  of  Januarij  thervpon  be  requi- 
red, out  take  the  armuries  that  belong  to  Marchauntes  which  were  wont  for  to  sell  theim. 
ceassyng  fraude  and  maleengine.  And  if  it  befal  any  marchauntes  any  suche  armures  that 
be  not  theirs,  vnder  colour  of  theirs  to  colouren  or  hide  in  any  maner,  tho  armures  so  hid 
and  coloured  and  al  other  what  that  thei  been  that  diden,  to  our  Lorde  the  kyng  shal  been 
forfeted,  and  the  body  of  thesame  marchannt  to  been  punished  at  the  kynges  will. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  in  no  maner  shalbe  made,   brennyng,   hynderyng,  harmyng  or  9 
appairyng,  wastyng  or  destroiyng  of  horsse,  of  armures,  of  artilleries  or  of  any  other  ha- 
bilamentes  of  warre  within  the  forsaied  citee  and  Castle  beyng,  but  that  all  and  euery  with- 
out frau'de  or  maleengiue  shalbee  kept  whole  and  vnhurt  to  our  Lorde  the  kyng  as  it  is  be- 
foresaied  to  be  deliuered. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  al  &  euery  chayne  that  wer  wont  to  be  layed  ouerthwart  the  10 
stretes  and  lanes  of  thesaid  citee,  shall  bee  put  into  an  hous  to  be  turned  to  the  profile  of  the 
citezens  of  ^thesame  citee. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  our  forsaid  lord  the  king  shal  haue  place  and  space  of  lande,  11 
of  the  frewil  of  his  highnesse  to  bee  chosen  to  hym  a  paleis  to  be  made  within  thesaied  citee 
or  within  the  walles  of  the  same  citee  where  it  shal  seme  moste  behouefull.  So  neuerthelesse 
that  if  it  fall  within  thesaid  place  or  space  to  be  included  any  hous  or  edifice  or  place  of 
ground  longyng  to  any  of  thesaied  citezens  or  dwellers  of  thesame  citee,  or  saied  lorde  the 
kyng  to  hym  whom  that  suche  maner  of  houses,  edifices  or  places  of  ground  longeth  or  ap- 
perteineth  shal  satisfie,  &  of  other  houses  &  edifices  or  places  congruely  shal  recopence. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  subiectes  of  our  said  lard  the  kyng  that  now  be  or  13 
wer  prisoners  to  any  persone  beyng  in  the  said  cite  or  castle  and  their  pledges,  shalbee  vtterly 
free  as  aneyntz  their  persones  and  the  somes  that  thei  are  bounde  in  at  the  dale  of  this  pre- 
sente  date  and  accorde. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  souldier  and  strager  beyng  in  thesaid  citee  and  13 
castle  shall  swere  on  the  Euangeliesof  God  before  their  departyng,  that  thei  shall  not  beare 
armes  against  our  lorde  the  kyng  or  his,  vntothe  first  daie  of  lanuarij  next  to  come,  for  no 
maner  of  coinmaundemet  that  to  them  or  to  any  of  them  of  any  maner  of  persone  in  contra- 
ry maie  be  doen  and  enioyned. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  all  and  euery  reliques  &  other  goodes  longyng  to  the  Abby  of  14 
sainct  Katheryn  within  thesaied  citee  and  castle  beyng  all  holy,  shalbeen  deliuered  to  hym 
whom  the  kyng  shall  depute  them  to  receiue  the  deliuerance  of  thesaid  citee. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  the  forsaid  nobles,  citezes  &  other    within  thesaid  citee  and  15 
Castle  beyng,  shall  cause  thesame  citee  and  Castle  before  thesaied.  xix.  daie  of  this  pre- 
sent moneth  of  lanuarij  sufficiently  and  honestly  to  be  made  cleane,  and  also  diligently  and 
honestly  all  the  ded  bodies  now  ded  and  to  be  ded  vnto  that  daie  of  deliuerance  of  the  said 
citee  honestly  and  diligently  shall  do  to  be  buried. 

ALSO  it  is  accorded  that  the  forsaid  nobles  citizens  &  all  beyng  in  thesaid  citee  and  castte  ]Q 
furthwith  shall  receiue  and  suftre  to  entre  into  thesame  citee  all  and  euery  poore  persone  be- 



yng  in  the  cliches  or  aboute  the  diches  of  thesame  cite,  whiche  for  penury  did  go  out  of 
thesame  cite  whom  they  shalbee  bounde  to  succor  vnto  the.  xix.  daieof  lanuarij  aboue  saied, 
as  they  will  aunswere  to  God  and  to  the  kyng,  and  els  thei  shall  receiue  none  other  person 
into  thesame  citee  or  castle  vnto  the  forsaied  day  without  speciall  licence  of  our  saied 
Lorde  the  kyng,  but  if  it  happe  any  messenger  or  herauld  of  the  party  aduersary  of  the 
kyng  to  come  to  the  gates  or  diches  of  thesaied  castle  or  citee. 

17.  WHICHE  articles  and  apointmetes  as  it  is  beforsaid,  all  &  euery  in  maner  as  it  is  accord- 
ed, the  forsaied  capitain,  nobles,  citezes  &  other  within  thesaied  castle  and  citee  beyng, 
wel  and  truly  without  fraude  or  malengine  to  hold,  obserue  and  kepe  they  behoten,  and  tho 
to  be  kept  &  fulfilled  they  bynden  them.  So  but  if  it  befall  our  forsaid  moste  doubtfull 
lorde  the  kyng  that  God  forbid,  to  be  ouercome  in  battaill  to  hym  ymade  by  Charles  his  ad- 
nersary  of  Fraunce  or  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  or  any  other  to  come,  the  siege  of  our  lord  the 
kyng  to  remoue  from  the  forsaid  citee,  that  neither  theforsaid  capitain  ne  none  of  the  no- 
bles, citezens,  souldiors  or  other  beyng  within  tiieforsaid  cite  and  Castle  shall  gone  out,  ne 
no  maner  help  thei  shal  deliuer,  nor  leane  to  them  so  again  our  lorde  the  kyng  commyng  in 
no  maner  wise. 

W'  ALSO  that  all  these  appoyntmentes,  couenauntes  and  accordes  and  euery  of  theim  as  it 
is  beforsaied  well  and  truly  and  vnbroken  bee  kepte,  and  for  the  more  suretie  of  thesame 
couenauntes  and  accordes,  theforsaid  capitain  nobles  and  citezens  and  other  abouesaid  shalbe 
taken  at  the  tyme  ymediatly  into  the  handes  of  our  lorde  the  kyng.  Ixxx.  notable  pledges 
wherof.  xx.  shalbe  knightes  and  esquires  and  the  remnant  citezens  of  thesame  citee,  at  their 
owne  costes  to  be  sustained. 

19.  ALSO  for  the  partie  sothly  of  our  moste  doubtfull  lorde   the  Kyng  aforsaid,  graciously 
and  beningly  cosidryng  the   meke  submittyng  and  yeldyng  of  the  same   citee  and    Castle 
abouesaid,  hath  graunted  that  all  and  euery  person  of  what  estate  or  .degree  or  condicion 
that  he  be  with  in  thesaid  citee  and  Castle  being,  except  certain   persons  within  expressed 
that  will  become  lieges  and  subiectes  of  our  lord  the  kyng,  and  fro  hencefurth  will  dwell 
ynder  his  obedience,  shall  haue    their  heritages  and  goodes,   moueables  and  vnmouables 
within  the  dutchy  of  Normandy  constitute,  and  whiche  before  the  date  of  these  present  let- 
ters   by    our   forsaid  lord   the  kyng   to  other  persons  haue  not  been  graunted,  except  ar- 
murs  &  artillaries  abouesaied,  making  and  doing  for  their  heritages  and  their  vnmouable 
goodes  to  our  forsaied  lorde  the  kyng  the  seruice  therof  accustomed,  or  to  other  to  whom 
suche  maner  seruices  of  the  graunt  of  our  lorde  the  kyng  owen  to  long. 

20.  ALSO  it  is  graunted  on  our  lorde  the  kynges  behalfe  that  all  the  citezens  and  dwellers  of 
the  citee  of  Roau  that  now  been  or  in  tyme  to  come  shall  been,  shall  haue  all  and  euery 
franchises,  liberties  and  priuileges  which  of  worthy  mynd  the  progenitors  of  our  lorde  the 
the  kyng  kynges  of  Englande  £  dukes  of  Normandy,  to  the  and  to  the  said  citee  were  graunt- 
ed in  possession  wherof  they  weren  the  first  day  that  our  forsaid  lorde  the  kyng  came  before 
theforsaid  citee.     And  also  of  our  large  grace  of  his  benygnitie  hath  graunted,  that  the  self 
citezens  and  dwellers  of  the  citee  shall  haue  al    their  liberties  fraunchises  and  priuileges 
wherof  they  wcr  in  possession-  theforsaid  first  daie  of  the  comyng  of  our  lorde  the  kyng  be- 
fore the  citee,  of  the  graunt  of  any  of  his  progenitors  kynges  of  Fraunce  whiche  were  be- 
fore the  tyme  of  Philip  de  Valoys  aduersary  to  our  said  lorde  the  kyng  &  daily  warryng  vpo 
his  real  me. 

21.  ALSO  it  is  graunted  and  accorded  on  our  lorde  the  kynges  behalf  that  all  the  straungiers 
souldiours  and  other  in  theforsaied  citee  and  castle  beyng  at  this  tyme,  not  willyng  to  be- 
come lieges  of  our  lord  the  kyng,  theforsaied  citee  and  castle  so  yeldyng  as  it  is  beforsaid, 
frely  to  departen,  leauyng  to  our  saied  lord  the  kyng  all  their  armures,    horsse  artillaries 
and  other  thynges  and  harneis  and  goodes,  except  the  Normans  will  not  be  lieges  of  our 
lorde  the  kyng,  whiche  all  &  euery  shall  abide  prisoners  to  our  lorde  the  kyng,  and  except 
Luca  Italico,  which  also  shalbe  prisoner  of  our  lorde  the  kyng,   and  also  other  whose  names 
be  not  set  in  this  boke,  for  it  longeth  not  to  clerkes  to  intermete  of  the. 

4  ALSO 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  89 

ALSO  it  is  graunted  on  our  lord  the  kynges' behalf  that  the  warreand  also  shrewed  speches  22. 
that  duryng  this  siege  the  folke  aboue  mencioned  of  what  condicion  that  they  been  against 
his  royall  person  haue  done,  or  with  defamed  lippes  haue  spoken  against  our  niostc  derest 
lorde  the  kyng,  cosidrryng  the  daie  of  pitie  mekely  shalbe  forgeuen,  out  take  the  prisoners 
that  abouen  in  speciall  be  excepted. 

ALSO  it   is  accorded  on  our  lorde  the  kynges  b^halfe  teat    theforsaied   souldiors  and  33. 
straungers  by  the  forme  of  this  present  treatie  and  accorde  willyng  for  to   departen,  our 
Lorde  the  kyng  shall  ordain  and  make  a  saueconduite  in  forme  accustomed. 

If  And  so  theforsaied  citee  was  yelden  to  our  souereigne  lorde  the  kyng  vpon  s.  Wolstanes 
daie  beyng  the.  xix.  daie  of  lanuarij.  and  then  afterward  he  gat  many  strong  tounes  and 
Castles,  as  Depe,  Caudebec,  Torney  &  many  mo  as  it  shalbe  after  written. 

WHEN  the  daie  of  apoinclment  came,  which  was  the  daie  of.  S  Wolston,  sir  Guy  de 
Butteler  and  the  Burgesses  of  the  toune  in  good  ordre  came  to  the  kynges  iodgyng,  and 
there  deliuered  to  hym  the  keyes  of  the  citee  and  castle,  besechyng  hym  of  fauor  and  co- 
passion.  The  kyng  incontinent  appoyncted  the  duke  of  Excester  with  agreate  compaignie 
to  take  possession  of  the  toune,  whiche  like  a  valiauntcapitain  mounted  on  a  goodly  courser 
and  entred  into  the  toune  and  so  into  the  castle,  and  appoyncted  watche  and  ward  in  euery 
toure,  bulwarke  and  fortresse,  and  garnished  the  walles  with  banners,  slanders  and  penos 
o£  the  kynges  armes,  badges  and  deuises.  The  nexte  daie  bcyng  Frydaie  the  kyng  in  greate 
triumphe  like  a  conqueror,  accopaignied  with  iiii.  Dukes,  x.  Erles.  viii.  Bishoppes,  xvi. 
Barones  and  a  greate  multitude  of  knightes,  esquires  and  men  of  warre  entred  into  Roan 
where  he  was  reeeiued  by  the  Clergie  with.  xlii.  Crosses  which  sang  diuerse  swete  soges, 
outwardly  reioysyng  whatsouer  inwardly  they  thought.  Then  met  him  the  Senate  and  the 
burgesses  of  the  toune,  offeryng  to  hym  diuerse  faire  &  costly  presentes.  In  this  rnaner  he 
passed  through  the  citee  to  our  Lady  Churche,  where  with  al  solempnitie  he  was  reeeiued 
by  the  bishop  and  Cannons,  and  after  he  had  said  his  Orisons,  he  caused  his  chapelaynes 
to  syng  this  Antheme  Quis  est  magnus  dominus.  Who  is  so  greate  a  Lorde  as  is  our  God. 
&c.  And  that  done  he  came  to  the  Castle  where  he  continued  a  good  space  after,  receiuyng 
homages  and  fealties  of  the  burgesses  and  tounes  men,  settyng  ordres  emogest  them  and 
reedefied  diuerse  fortresses  and  toures.  Duryng  which  time  he  made  proclamacion  that  all 
men  whiche  would  become  his  subiectes  should  enioye  their  goodes,  landes  and  offices, 
•whiche  proclamacion  caused  many  tounes  to  yeld,  and  many  men  become  English.  At 
whiche  ceason  the  duke  of  Britain  seyng  that  the  power  of  Fraunce  began  to  decaye,  came 
to  the  kyng  to  Roan  and  concluded  with  hym  a  league  of  his  owne  mere  mocion :  Fearyng 
that  ether  he  should  afterward  be  compelled  therunto,  or  els  if  he  offred  to  late  it  would 
not  be  accepted. 

WHEN  the  renderyng  of  Roan  was  blowen  through  Normandy  and  the  kynges  procla- 
macion diuulged  through  the  countrie,  it  is  in  maner  incredible  to  heare  how  many  tounes 
yelded  not  once  desired,  and  how  many  fortresses  gaue  vp  without  contradicion,  wherof  I 
wil  shewe  you  a  small  nombre  and  the  names  of  theim  who  were  appoyncted  capitaines  of 

AT  Caudebec,  sir  Loys  Robsert.  late  capitain  of  Roan,  and  by  the  kyng 

At  Depe,  William  lorde  Burcher  «rle  of  lorde  of  the  same. 

Ewe.  At  Danuile,  sir  Christopher  Boirrden. 

At  Ewe,  thesame  erle.  At  Couches,  sir  Robert  Marbury. 

At  Aubemerle,  therle  of  Warwick  and  his         At  Chierburgh,  sir  Iho  Geddyng. 

deputie  there  sir  Willia  Mountford.  At  Bacquiuile,  the  lord  Rosse,  lord  therof 

At  Bell  Encomber,  Sir  Thomas  Ramp-  by  gift. 

ston  lorde  by  gift.  At  Gaylard,  the  same  lorde. 

At  Logeuile,  the  capitain  of  Beffe  erle        At  Dangew,  Richarde  Wooduile. 

therof  by  gift.  At  Arques,    sir   lames  Fines  bayly    of 

At  the  Roche  Guyon,  sir  Guy  Butteler  Caux. 

N  At 

90  THE.  VIL  YERE  OP 

Ar  Newcastle,  sir  Philip  Leche.  At  Boncouilliers,    Ihon  Aburgh  Baylife 

At  Monceaux,  the  same  sir  Philip.  of  Gysors. 

At  Gourney,  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile.  At  Vernon,  sir  William  Porter. 

At  Estripagny,  Richard  Abraham  esquire.         At  Melans,  sir  Thomas  Rampso  after  hym. 

At  Senctere  Surgette,  Willyam  Basset.  sir  Ihon  Fastolfte. 

At  Nanffle,  therle  of  Worcester,..  At  Homftewe,  therle  of  Salsbury  and  af- 

At  Gysors,  the  said  erle.  ter  the  duke  of  Clarence  by  gift. 

j\.t  Maunt,  therle  of  Marche.  At  Brctnell,  sir  Henry  Mortimer  baylife 

of  Homflew. 

If  I  should  here  reherse  what  tounes  wer  conquered,  what  fortresses  were  yelded,  and 
who  wer  made  capitaines  of  thesame,  this  Pamphlet  would  turne  to  a  volume  more  tedious, 
then  pleasaunt,  and  therfore  I  ouer  passyng  small  names  and  muche  doyugr  will  returne 
again  to  the  principall  thynges  touchyng-.the  sequele  of  this  historye.  And  who  so  desireth; 
to  know  all  the  circumstances  of  the  deliuery,  lette  hym  ouerloke  tlie  Fnenche.  writers,, 
whiche  to  aduoyde  shame  confesse  and  write  the  veritee. 


.p^ >TiL  WHEN  the  gettyng.of  Roan  and  the  deliuery  of.theother  townes  wer- biased  and  blowen. 
y«e.  through  the  whole  realme  of-  Fraunce,  wonder  it  is  to  tell  and  more  to  beleue  howe  the. 
hertes  of  the  Frenchmen  wer  sodainly  heuy  and  their  courages-sone  coled,  mournyng  and 
lamentyng  the  iminent  mischief  whiche  they  sawe  by  the  diuision  of  the  nobilitee  like, 
shortely  to  fal  on  their  heddes :  and  the  more  sorowyng  their  euil  chance  because  they  sawe 
no  remedy  prepared,  nor  yet  none  help  at  hand  thought  on.  But  whosoeuer  kicked  or 
wynched  at  this  matter,  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoyn  raged  and  swelled,  ye  and  so  muche  freated 
that  he  wist  not  what  to  saie  and  lesse  to  dooe :  And  no  meruaill,  for  he  was  vexed  and 
troubled  with  a  doble  disease  atone  onJv  tvme.  For  he  only  ruled  both  kyng  Charles  and 
his,  and  did  all  thynges  at  his  will  whether  reason  agreed  or  no,  and  for  that  cause  heknewe 
that  IMJ  was  neither  free  from  disdain  nor  yet  deliuered  from  the  scope  of  malice..  And  ther- 
fore he  imagined  that  ail  mischiefes  and  calamities  whiche  chaunced  in  the  common- wealth 
should  be  imputed  and  assigned  to  his  vnpolitike  doyng  or  to  his  negligent  permission : 
wherfore  he  vmagined  it  profitable  to  the  realme  and  to  hyiaself  moste  auaylable,  if  he  by 
any  meanes  possible  cquld  deui.-e,  practise  or  inuent  any  waie  or  meane  by  the  which  he 
might  reconcile  and  ibyne  in  amitee  the  two  great  and  mightie  kynges  of  Englande  and  of 
Fraunce.  Whiche  thyng  once  obUMgned  and  beyng  dtliuered  from  all  feare  of  exterior  hos- 
tilitee,  he  determined  first  to  reuenge  his  quarell  against  Charles  the  Dolphyn,  and  after  to 
represse  all  causes  of  grudge  or  disdain,  and.  to  recouer  again  both  the  fauor  of  the  com- 
monaltee  and  also  to  put  a\vaie  all  causes  oi'  suspicion  or  imagined  infamy  against  hym  and 
his  procedynges.  And  intf-dyng  to  buyld  v.pon  this  fraile  foundacion,  sent  letters  and  Am- 
bassadors to  the  kyng  of  Englande,  aduertisyng  hym  that  if  he  would  personally  come  to  a 
coimnunicacion  to  bee  had  betwene  hym  and  Charles  the  Frenche  kyng,  he  doubted  not 
but  by  his  onely  meanes,  peace  should  be  induced  and  blouddy  battaill  clerely  exiled. 

KYNG  Henry  heard  gentely  the  Ambassadors  and  agreed  to  their  request  and  desire, 
and  so  came  to  Maunte,  where  at  the  feast  of  Pentecost  he  kept  a  liberall  hous  to  all  com- 
mers,  and  sat  hymself  in  greate  estate.  On  which  daie  ether  for  good  seruice  before  by 
them  done,  or  for  good  expectacionof  thynges  to  come,  he  created  Gascon  de  Foys  a  va- 
liaunt  Gascoyn  erle  of  Longeuile,  and  sir  Ihon  Grey  was  likewise  made  erle  of  Tankeruile, 
and  the  Lorde  Bui  shier  Erie  of  Ewe.  After  this  solempne  feast  ended,  the  place  of  the  en- 
teruieue  and  metyng  was  apoynted  to  be  beside  Meiaus  on  the  riuer  of  Seyne,,  in  a  faire 
playne  euery  pane  was  by  comissioners  appoyncted  to  their  grounde.  The  Frenchmen 
diched,  trenched,  and  paled  their  lodgynges  for  feare  of  afterclappes  :  But  the  Englishmen 
had  their  parte  only  barred  and  ported.  The  kyng  of  Englande  had  a  large  teat  of  blewe 



veluet  and  grene  richely  cmbrodered  with  two  deuises,  the  one  was  an  Antlop  drawyng  in  an 
horse  mill,  the  othar  was  an  Antlop  sittyng  in  an  high  stage  with  a  braunche  of  Olife  in  his 
roouthe:  And  the  ten te  was  replenished  and  decked  with  this  poysie.  After  lusie  labours 
commetfi  victorious  reste,  and  on  the  top  and  heigth  of  thesame  was  set  a  greate  Egle  of 
goldc,  whose  ives  were  of  suche  orient  Diamondes  that  tliey  glistered  and  shone  ouer  the 
whole  felde. 

THE  Frenche-kyng  likewise  had  in  his  parke  a  faire  pauilion  of  blew  veluet  richely 
embrodered  with  flower  deluse,  on  the  toppe  of  the  same  was  set  a  white  Harte  flivng, 
made  all  of  fyne  siluer  with  winges  enameled.  Betwene  tliese  two  Campes  or  enclosers  was 
apoynted  a -tent- of  purple  veluet  for  the  coiisailers  to  mete  in  and  euery  part  had  an  egall 
nombre  to  watch  on  the  night  and  to  se  good  ordre  on  the  day. 

WHEN  the  day  of  appoinctment  approched,  the  kyng  of  England  accompaignied  with 
the  Dukes  of  Clarence  and  Gloucester  his  brethren,  and  the  duke  of  Excester  his  vncle,  and 
Henry  Beauford  Clerke  his  other  vncle  which  after  was  bishop  of  Winchester  and  Cardinall 
and  the  carles  of  Marche,  Salisbury  and  other  to  the  numbre  of  a  thousand  men  of  warre, 
entered  into  his  parke  and  toke  his  lodging.  Likewise  for  the  Frenche  part,  thcther  came 
Isabell  the  Frenche  quene  because  the  kyng  her  husband  was  fallen  into  his  old  frenaticall 
disease  hauyng  in  her  compaigny  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  and  therle  of  Sainct  Paule,  and  she 
had  attendyng  on  her  the  laire  iady  Katheryn  her  doughter  and.  xxvi.  ladies  and  damoselles, 
and  had  also  for  her  furniture  a  thousande  men  of  warre. 

AFTER  these  estates  had  reposed  themselfes  one  night  in  their  tentes,  the  next  day  all 
such  as  were  appointed  repaired  toward  the  pauilion  ordained  for  the  consultation. 
Where  the  kyng  of  England,  like  a  prince  of  great  stomacke  and  no  lesse  good  be- 
hauior  receioed  humbly  the  Frenche  quene  and  her  daughter  and  them  honorably  em- 
braced &  familierly  kissed.  The  duke  of  Burgoyn  made  lowe  curtesy  and  bowed  to  the 
kyng,  whom  the  kyng  louyngly  toke  by  the  hand  and  honorably  entertained.  After 
•salutaciens  and  embrasynges  finished,  they  fel  to  counsel  within  the  pauilion  assigned, 
whiche  was  kept  with  a  garde  appointed  by  both  the  parties  that  none  but  comissioners  shuld 
once  attempt  to  enter.  After  the  kynges  requestes  made  &  his  demaundes  declared,  the 
French  quene  and  her  company  toke  leaue  louyngly  of  the  kyng  of  England  and  returned 
to  Ponthoyse  to  certifie  her  husband  of  her  demaundes  and  claymes.  And  kvng  Henry  re- 
turned to  Mante.  The  next  day  after  they  assembled  againe,  &  the  Frenche  part  brought 
with  them  the  lady  Katherin,  only  to  thentent  that  the  king  of  England  seyng  and  be- 
holdyng  so  fayre  a  lady  and  so  minion  a  damosel,  should  so  be  inflamed  and  rapte 
in  loue,  that  he  to  obtayne  so  beautiful  an  espouse,  should  the  soner  agrc  to  a  gentle 
peace  &  louyng  composicion.  This  company  met  together,  viij.  seueral  tymes,  some- 
tyme  the  one  party  was  more  and  sometynie  the  other.  And  notwithstandyng  that  the  En<r- 
•Ji«hmen  and  Frenchmen  were  lodged  no  great  distance  asunder,  yet  was  there  neuer 
fraye  nor  occasion  of  tumulte  or  riot  prouoked  or  stirred  of  any  of  both  the  parties, 
whiche  (bothe  their  natures  considered)  is  somewhat  to  be  marueiled  at. 

IN  this  assemble  many  wordes  were  spent  and  no  dedes  done,  many  thin^es  re- 
paired and  few  offered,  many  arguroentes  made  and  no  coclusion  taken.  Some  authors 
write  that  the  dolphyn  to  let  this  treatie  sent  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyne  sir  Tauegny 
du  Chastcl,  declaryng  to  him  that  if  he  would  let  this  agrement,  he  would  comon  with 
him  and  take  suche  an  ordre,  that  not  only  they  but  the  whole  realme  of  France 
should  therof  be  glad  and  reioyce :  But  what  was  the  very  cause  of  the  breche,  no  man 
certainly  declareth.  When  no  effect  ensued  of  this  long  consultacion,  both  parties 
after  a  princely  fashion  departed,  the  Englishmen  to  Mantes  and  the  Frenchmen  to 

THE  kyng  of  England  was  nothing  pleased  nor  yet  contented  that  this  comunicacion 
came  to  none  ende,  wherfore  he  mistrustyng  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  to  the  verv  let  and 
stop  of  hie  desires  and  requestes,  sayd  vnto  him  before  his  departing :  fayre  cosin, 

NS  W 

93  THE.  VII.  YERE  OF 

we  wil  hiue  your   kynges  daughter  and  al  thinges  that  we    demauud  with  her  or  we 
wil  driue  your  kyng   &   you    out  of  his   realme.      Well   sayd'  the  duke  of   Burgoyn, 
before  you  driue  the  kyng  and  me  out  of  his  realme,  you  shalbe  wel  weried,  and  therof 
we  doubt  lytle. 

AFTER  this  departure,  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  beyng  nobly  accompanied,  roade  to  the 
toune  of  Melune  wher  the  dolphyn  then  soiorned  where  in  the  plaine  feldes  they.  ii. 
like  frendes  comoned  together  &  cpcluded  apparantly  an  open  amide  &  sure  frcndship, 
which  was  written  by  notaries  and  signed  with  their  handes  and  sealed  with  their 
great  scales  and  armes,  but  as  the  sequele  sheweth,  heart  thought  not  that  tong  talked, 
nor  mind  meant  not  that  hand  wrote.  This  treaty  was  concluded  the.  vi.  day  of  luly  in  the 
yere  of  our  lord  1419  and  was  proclaimed  in  Paris,  Amience  and  Ponthoyse. 

THIS  newe  alienee  notified  shortly  to  the  kyng  of  England  liyng  at  Maunt,  which  ther- 
with  was  sore  displeased,  and  not  without  cause  For  he  perceiued  that  the  force  of  these 
two  princes  were  much  stronger  now  beyng  vnited  in  one,  then  they  were  before  beyng 
seperated  &  deuided.  Yet  notwithstanding  this  great  sworne  andsealed  amitie,  he  nothyng 
more  minded  then  to  set  forward  his  intended  enterprise  with  the  ayde  of  God  to  performe 
his  conquest  maugre  and  euil  wyll  and  puissance  of  his  enemies.  Wherfore  he  sent  the 
capitayne  of  Bueffe  brother  to  the  earle  of  Foys  newly  created  earle  of  Longuile  with.  xv. 
C.  men  secretly  to  the  toune  of  Ponthoyse,  whiche  on  Trinitie  sonday  erly  in  the  mornyng 
came  to  the  toune,  and  so  sodainl  v-  and  so  shortely  set  vp  their  skalyng  ladders  to  the  wall, 
that  they  were  entred  into  the  toune  or  the  watche  perceiued  them,  criyng  saint  George,  saint 
George  the  lord  Lisleadam  capitain  of  the  toune  perceiuyng  the  walles  skaled  and  the 
market  place  gained,  opened  the  gate  toward  Paris,  at  the  whiche  he  withal  his  retinue 
and  diuers  of  the  tounes  men  to  the  norabre  of.  viij.  thousand  fled.  For  the  Englishmen 
durst  not  because  their  nombre  was  smal  ones  deuide  them  selues  or  fal  to  pilferyng,  til 
about  prime  the  duke  of  Clarence  came  to  their  ayde  with.  v.  thousand  men,  and  by  the 
way  he  encoutred  diuers  burgesses  of  the  toune  fliyng  with  al  their  substance  toward 
Beauuoys  who  he  toke  prisoners  &  brought  them  againe  to  their  olde  dwellyng  place. 
When  the  duke  was  come  to  Ponthoyse,  he  muche  praised  the  valiantnes  of  the  assailantes 
and  gaue  to  them  the  chief  spoyle  of  the  toune  and  marchauntes  of  the  which  they  had 
great  plenty  and  foyson.  Then  the  duke  with  a  great  puissaunce  came  before  Paris  and 
lay  before  the  cytie  two  daiesand  two  nightes  without  any  proffre  either  of  issue  by  his  ene- 
mies or  of  defece  if  he  had  the  same  assauted,  whiche  he  could  not  we!  do  because  it  was 
long  and  ample,  and  his  nobre  small,  and  for  so  great  an  enterprise  not  furnished :  Wher- 
fore seyng  that  his  enemies  durst  not  ones  loke  on  him,  he  returned  againe  to  Ponthoyse, 
for  the  taking  of  whiche  toune,  the  countrey  of  Fraunce,  &  in  especial  the  Parisiens  were 
sore  dismayed  and  astonied,  for  there  was  no  fortresse  hable  to  resist  or  withstand.  In  so 
much  the  Irishmen  ouercame  al  the  Isle  of  Fraunce  and  did  to  the  Frenchmen  dammages 
innumerable  (as  their  writters  affirme)  and  brought  dayly  praies  to  the  Englishe  armye. 
And  beside  that,  they  would  robbe  houses  and  lay  beddes  on  the  backes  of  the  kine  and 
ride  vpon  them,  and  cary  yong  children  before  them  and  sell  them  to  the  Englishmen  for 
slaues :  whiche  straung  doynges  so  feared  the  Frenchemen  within  the  territory  of  Paris  and 
the  coutrey  about,  that  the  rude  persons  fled  out  of  the  villages  withal  their  stuffe  to  the  cytie 
of  Paris. 

THE  French  kyng  and  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  liyng  at  S.  Denise  hearyng  of  all  these  do- 
ynges, departed  in  all  the  hast  with  the  quene  and  her  daughter  to  Troys  in  Champaigne, 
there  takyng  great  deliberation  what  was  best  to  be  done,  leauyng  at  Paris  the  earle  of  S. 
Paul  and  the  lord  Lisleadam  with  a  great  puissance  to  defende  the  cytie.  At  the  same  tyme 
the  duke  of  Clarence  toke  the  strong  toune  of  Gysors,  &  after  that  was  taken  the  toune  of 
Gayllard:  and  all  the  tounes  of  Normandy  shortly  after  were  either  taken  by  force  or  ren- 
dred,  except  the  Mount  saint  Michel,  which  because  the  gayne  therof  was  very  lytle  and 



the  losse  in  assautyng  semed  to  be  very  muche,  and  also  it  could  do  small  harme  or  none  to 
the  countrey  adioynyng,  was  neither  assaulted  nor  besieged. 

AND  thus  as  you  haue  heard,  was  the  duchy  of  Normandy  reduced  agayne  into  the  right 
line  and  restored  to  the  possession  of  the  right  heyre,  which  had  bene  fro  the  tyme  of  kyng 
Henry  the  third,  in  the  yere  of  our  lord  1255  wrongfully  detained  from  the  kynges  of 

THE  wisemen  of  Fraunce  sore  lamentyng  the  chaunce  of  their  coutrey  and  the  misery 
of  their  people  sawe  and  perceiued  that  they  had  puissance  ynough  to  defende  their  enemies 
if  they  were  at  a  perfite  cocord  amongest  themselues.  For  they  apparantly  sawe  that  al- 
though there  wer  a  peace  openly  concluded  betwene  the  dolphyn  and  the  duke  of  Burgoyn, 
yet  they  imagined  that  no  good  fruit  succeded  of  the  same  for  the  duke  either  for  secret 
displeasure  that  he  bara  to  the  dolphyn,  or  for  the  doubt  that  he  had  of  thenglishme, 
neuer  assailed  by  him  self  the  army  of  kyng  Henry,  nor^neuer  sent  ayde  or  succours 
to  the  Dolphyn.  Wherfore  by  meanes  of  frendes  a  new  comunicacion  was  appointed  to 
thentent  that  the  corrupt  dregges  of  their  olde  malice  and  inwarde  grudges  might  be  clearely 
cast  out  and  extinct.  The  place  of  this  metyng  was  appoincted  at  the  toune  of  Monstrel 
fault  Yonne,  so  called  because  a  small  brooke  called  Yonne  runneth  there  to  the  riuer  of 
Sein  ouer  which  riuer  was  made  a  bridge,  with  diuers  barres  ouerthwart  so  that  the  princes 
openyng  the  barres  might  eche  embrace  and  louche  other,  and  kepyng  the  barres  shut,  eche 
might  se  &  common  with  other  at  their  pleasure.  The  day  was  appointed  when  these,  ii. 
great  princes  should  mete  on  this  bridge,  to  thentent  that  all  ciuile  discord  should  by  this 
comunicacion  be  cleare  forgotten,  or  at  the  least  should  be  suspended  tyl  the  enemies 
were  vanquished  and  driuen  out  of  their  coutries  and  confines.  But  this  mocion  worse 
succeded  then  the  entreators  deuised,  for  while  euery  man  was  fulfilled  with  hope  of  peace 
and  concord,  crafty  imaginacion  crepte  out  of  cancard  displeasure  had  almost  brought  al 
thinges  from  libertie  into  bondage. 

WHEN  the  day  and  place  of  the  solempne  enteruiew  was  agreed  &  assigned,  Tauagny 
du  Chastel,  a  ma  prompt  and  prone  to  all  mischief,  called  to  his  remembraunce  the  shamefull 
murder  of  Lewes  duks  of  Orleaunce  (vnder  whom  he  had  long  bene  a  capitaine)  done  and 
committed  by  this  duke  of  Burgoyne  as  before  you  haue  heard,  determined  with  him  selfe  to 
reuenge  the  death  of  his  olde  Maister  and  lorde.  .Some  say  that  he  was  therto  stirred  £  pro- 
uoked  by  the  dolphyn  (and  notvnlike)  for  the  dolphyn  whiche  bare  a  continual  hatred  to  the 
duke  of  Burgoyn,  imagined  paraduenture  by  this  meanes  to  represse  and  subdue  the  whole 
power  and  high  pride  of  this  duke,  without  any  suspection  of  frauds  or  rcproche  of  vntruth 
or  vilany.  Wei  the  day  came,  which  was  the.  xii.  day  of  August,  and  euery  prince  with 
his  nombre  appointed 'came  to  this  bridge.  The  duke  of  Burgoyne  beyng  warned  by  his 
frendes  to  kepe  his  closure  and  the  barres  on  his  side  shut,  lytle  regarded  his  frcdes  mo- 
nicion  as  a  ma  that  could  not  auoide  the  stroke  for  him  prouided,  and  so  opened  the  barres 
and  closure  and  carne  to  the  dolphyns  presence,  whiche  was  cleane  armed,  and  kneled 
douneon  the  one  kne,  shewyng  to  him  great  reuerence  and  humilitie.  The  dolphyn  shewed 
him  no  louyng  countenaunce,  but  reproued  him,  laiyng  to  his  charge  muche  vntruth  and 
great  dishonor.  The  duke  againe  boldly  defended  his  cause.  Nowe  the  duke  duryng  this 
comunicacion  kneled  styl  and  his  sworde  was  at  his  backe  with  often  turnyng  and  mouyng 
in  answeryng  the  dolphyn  and  his  counsel,  and  so  he  put  his  had  backe  to  plucke  his  sworde 
forwarder  what  quod  sir  Robert  de  Loyer,  wyll  you  drawe  your  sworde  against  my  lorde  the 
dolphyn?  when  Tauagny  du  Chastel  apperceiued  that  an  occasion  was  geuen  to  performe  his 
enterprise,  incontinent  he  strake  him  with  a  hatchet  on  the  head  so  that  he  could  not  speakc, 
other  standyng  by  shortly  dispatched  him  of  his  life.  Diuers  of  his  part,  thinkyng  him  not 
dead,  began  to  draw  weapon,  amongest  whom  the  lord  Nouale  was  slaine,  and  the  other 
taken.  For  this  murther  were  condenrfpned  (but  not  apprehended)  by  Parliament  the  presi- 
dent of  Prouynce,  the  vicount  of  Narbone,  Guylliam  Battelier,  Tauagny  du  Chastel,  Ro- 
bert Loyre  and.  iiij.  other.  This  was  the  ende  of  Ihon  called  the  proude  duke  of  Burgoyne, 

4  whiche 

THE.  VIII.  YE-Rfi  OF 

-  ', 

nhidie  more  regarded  citrile  warre  and  -intestine  dissencion,  then  his  owne  life  &  welfare. 
And  this  bodein  death  as  I  thinke  eameto  him  not  without  desert  for  shamefully  murtheryng 
1  I. ewes  duke  of  Orleance  the  .French  kings  brother.  Such  is  the  Justice  of  God,  that  hloud 
for  the  most  parte  is  recompensed  with  bloud,  &  vnnatural  homicide  is  requited  with 
shameful  death  or  soden  destruction. 

AFTER  this  heynous  murder,  thus  committed,  I  might  rehcrse  how  the  dolphyns  ser- 
nauntes  despoyled  the  duke  of  all  his  garmentes  to  his  shevte,  and  coueredliis  face  with  his- 
hosen.  I  could  declare  how  the •dolphyn  sent  his  letters  to  Paris  and  other  cities  and 
tonnes,  publishing  vntruely  diuers  opprobious  wordes  spoken,  &  diuers  great  and  outragious 
offences  done  l>y  the  duke  against  the  kyng  and  the  whole  realme.  I  could  further  declare 
IJOHC  the  wise«ie«  of  Frauuce  detested  and  abhorred  this  abhominable  act,  perceiuyng  the 
endc  that  was  like  to  ensue,  and  how  the  contrary  side,  whiche  was  the  linage  of  Orleance 
reioysed  and  laughed  at  this  miserable  chaunce  and  sodain  fal:  but  because  thenglish  nacion 
was  parlie  neither  to  the  facte  nor  to  the  counsel,  I  wyll  declare  what  the  kyng  of  Englande 
did  after  this  uotorious  dede  done  and  committed, 

f  THE.  VIII.  YERE. 

The.  viiu  WIfen  Philip  erle  Charoloys  sone  and  hey  re  to  this  duke  Ihon,  and  now  by  this  murthcr 
yere.  an(j  death  of  his  father  duke  of  Burgoyn  and  erle  of  Flauders  was  enformed  liyng  at  Gaunt 
of  this  misfortune  and  final  ende  of  his  noble  parent  and  louyng  father,  he  toke  the  matter 
as  he  had  cause,  greuously  and  heauily,  insomuche  that  no  ma  of  his  cousel  durst  ones 
speake  to  him,  and  in  especial  the  lady  Michel  his  wife,  syster  to  the  dolphyn  and  daughter 
to  the  kyng,  was  in  great  feare  to  be  forsaken  and  cast  out  of  his  house  and  fauoure:  But 
as  all  thinges  ende,  so  sorow  asswageth.  When  his  doloure  was  somewhat  mitegate  he  fyrst 
by  thaduise  of  his  counseil  receitied  to  his  fauor  and  company  the  fayre  duches  his  louyng 
wife,  and  after  sent  diuers  notable  ambassadours  to  the  king  of  England  liyng  at  Roan  to 
trcate  and  conclude  a  peace  betwene  them  both  for  a  certain  space :  To  which  request  in 
hope  of  a  better  chaunce  kyng  Henry  agreed.  After  that  knot  knit,  he  kept  a  solempne  ob- 
sequy  for  his  father  at  saint  Vaas  in  Arras  wher  were,  xxiii.  prelates  with  crosses :  Duryng 
which  tyme  the  earle  of  saint  Paule  and  the  Parisiens  sent  to  hym  ambassadours  to  know 
what  they  should  do,  and  how  they  should  defend  them  selues  against  the  Englishmen.  He 
gently  answered  the  messengers,  that  he  trusted  shortly  by  the  ayde  of  God  and  licence  of 
the  kyng  to  conclude  a  peace  and  perpetual  amitie  to  their  great  comfort  &  relief.  When 
these  ambassadors  were  departed  to  make  relacion  to  the  Magistrates  and  gouernors  of  the 
cytie  of  Paris,  he  after  long  c5sultacion  had  aswel  with  men  of  the  spiritualtie  as  temporal 
and  lay  persons,  sent  the  bishop  of  Arras  and  two  notable  persons  to  the  kyng  of  England 
with  certaine  articles  and  clauses  which  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  oftred  to  him  for  very  loue 
as  he  sayd.  The  kyng  of  England  consideryng  with  him  selfe  that  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  was 
a  coucnient  organe  and  a  necessary  instrument  to  conueigh  his  desires  to  his  purpose,  lou- 
yngly  receiued  &  honorably  enterteined  the  dukes  ambassadours,  declaryng  vnto  them  that 
lie  would  without  prolongyng  of  tyme  send  to  hym  his  Ambassadours,  whiche  should  open 
his  lawful  requestes  &  reasonable  desires.  With  this  answere,  the  dukes  messengers  de- 
parted towarde  Arras  and  incontinent  after  their  departure,  kyng  Henry  sent  the  erle  of 
Warwike  and  the  bishop  of  Rochestre  with  many  knightes  &  esquiers  to  the  duke  of  Bur- 
goyn, whiche  to  hym  declared  the  effect  and  purpose  of  their  ambassade  and  comyng :  he 
gently  heard  their  requestes,  and  some  he  alowed  and  some  he  augmented,  and  some  he 
altred  and  disalowed,  but  in  coclusion,  by  often  sendyng  betwene  the  kyng  &  the  duke  they 
were  agreed,  so  the  kyng  and  his  comons  would  assent.  Now  was  the  Erenche  kyng  and 
the  quene  and  his  daughter  Katheryn  at  Troys  in  Champaigne,  gouerned  and  ordred  by 
.;them  whiche  would  rather,  x.  tymes  spurre  forward  the  purpose  &  ententes  of  the  duke  of 



Burgoyn  then  once  with  a  bridle  to  pul  backe  any  one  iote  preferred  by  him.  What  should 
I  say,  a  truce  tripertited  betwene  the.  ii.  kynges  and  the  duke  and  their  countreys  was  de- 
termined, so  that  the  kyng  of  Englad  should  send  in  the  copany  of  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  his 
Ambassadors  to  Troy  in  Chapaigne  sufficiently  authorised  to  coclud  so  great  a  matter.  The 
kyng  of  England  beyng  in  good  hope  that  all  his  affaires  should  prosperously  succede  and 
go  forward,  sent  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  his  vncle  the  duke  of  Exceter,  the  erle  of  Sals-- 
bury, the  bishop  of  Ely,  the  lord  Fanhope  and  lord  Fitzhugh,  sir  Ihon  Rob.sert  and  sir 
Philip  Hal  with  diuers  doctors  to  the  nombre  of.  CCCCC.  horse,  whiche  in  the  copany  of 
the  duke  of  Burgoyn  came  to  the  cytie  of  Troys  the.  xxi.  daye  of  Marche.  The  kyng,  the 
queue  and  the  lady  Katherin  them  receiued  and  heartcly  welcomed,  shewyng  great  signes 
and  tokens  of  loue  and  amitie.  After  a  fewe  daies  they  fcl  to  counsel,  in  the  whiche  it  was 
c5c!uded  that  kyng  Henry  of  England  should  come  to  Troys  and  mary  the  lady  Katherin, 
and  the  kyng  should  make  him  heyre  of  his  realme,  croune  and  dignitie  after  his  death  and 
departure  out  of  this  naturall  life  with  many  other  articles  whiche  hereafter  in  a  place  more 
conuenient  you  shal  heare  rehersed. 

WHEN  all  these  thynges  were  done  and  concluded,  the  Ambassadors  of  England  depart- 
ed toward  their  kyng  leauyng  behynde  them  sir  Ihon  llobsert  to  geue  his  attendaunce  on  the 
lady  Katherin.     When   kyng  Henry  had  heard  his  Ambassadors  reherse  the  articles  and 
pointes  of  the  treatie  and  amitie  concluded,  he  condiscended  &  agreed  with  all  diligence  to- 
set  toward  Troys,  logyng  for  the  sight  of  his  darlyng  the  fayre  lady  Katherin.     And  al- 
thoughe  he  reioysed  that  all  thynges  succeded  more  luckely  to  his  purpose  then  he  before 
imagined,  yet  he  trusted  not  so  much  to  the  glosyng  wordes  and  golden  promises  of  the 
Frenche  nacion  beyng  his  aunoient  enemies,  that  he  would  rashely  aduenture  his  person 
without  a  perfite  serch  and  diligent  inquirie  of  the  doynges  and  attemptes  of  his  doubtful 
and  newe  reconciled  frendes,  beyng  warned  and  admonished  by  the  late  mischance  of  Ihon  • 
duke  of  Burgoyn  yet  'recent  in  euery  mans  eye.  But  when  he  sawe  the  sunne-  shyne  and  ayre 
clere  on  euery  syde,  he  accompanied  with  the  dukes  of  Clarence  and  Gloucester  his  brethren, 
the  carles  of  Warwike,  Salsbury,  Huntyngdon,  Ewe,  Tankeruile  and  Loguile  and.  xv.  thou- 
sand men  of  wane,  departed  from  Roan  to  Ponthoyse,  and  from  thence  to  sainct  Denis 
two  leagues  from  Paris,  and  from  thence  to  Pontcharenton  where  he  left  a  garison  of 
menne  to  kepe  the  passage,  and  from  thence  by  Prouynce,  he  came  toward  Troys,  where 
the  duke  of  Burgoyn  accoinpaignied  with  many  noble  men  receiued  hytn  two  leagues  with- 
out the  toune  and  coueighed  hym  to  his  lodgyng  and  his  princes  with  hym,  and  all  his  annie 
MfaS' lodged  in  small  villages  theraboute.     And  after  he  had  reposed  himself,  he  went  to 
visete  the  kyng,  the  queue  and  the  lady  Katheryn,  whom-he  founde  in  Sainet  Peters  Churche, 
where  was  a  iotyous  metyng,  honorable  receiuyng  and  a  louyng  embrasyng  on  bothe  partes, 
whiche  was  the  twenty  daie  of  Maie.     And  ther  wer  the  kyng  and  the  lady  Katherin  made 
sure  together  before  the  high  Aultare,  and  on  the  third  daie  of  Tune  nexte  folowyng,  thei 
•were  with  all  solempnite  espoused  and  maried  in  the  same  Churche.     At  whiche  muriate 
the  Englishmen  made  suche  triumphes,    pompes  and  pagiauntes  as  though   the  kyng  of  all 
the  worlde  had' been  present.     la  so  muche  (as  three  Frenche  writers  affinne)  that  the 
nobles  of  Fraunce-more  merueled  at  the  henor  and  glory  of  the  Englishmen,  then  thei  d($- 
deigned  or  maligned  at  their  owne  fortune. 

AND  when  these  solempne  ceremonies  wer  honorably  finished  and  the  mariageL-consum.-- 
mate,  the  twoo  kynges  and  their  counsaill  assembled  together  diuerse  daics,  wherirr  the  for- 
mer league  and  treatie  was  in  diuerse  poyntes  altred  and  brought  to  a  certaintie  by  the  de- 
uice  of  the  kyng  of  Englande  and  his  brethren.  When  this  great  matter  was  finished,  the 
kynges  sware  for  their  part  to  obserue  this  agrement  and  league  in  all  poynctes.  Likewise 
sware  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  and  a  great  nombre  of  princes  and  nobles  whiche  .wer  presente, 
and  that  the  soner  because  they  marueiled  before  at  his  noble  Actes  dooen  by  kyna  Henry' 
of  whom  thei  had  knowledge  only  by  report,  and  now  thei  more  marueled  when  thei  sawe 
and  beheld  the  honor,  estate  &  wisedome  of  his  personc,  But  whether  thei  sware  with  out- 


96  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

warde  countenaunce  and  inwardly  thought  the  contrary,  let  them  whiche  Icnowe  the  Frenche 
constancy  iudge  and  tell  truthe.  But  assuredly  thei  perceiued  .hym  to  bee  prudent  bothc 
in  askyng  and  geuyng  counsaill.  Thei  sawe  hym  expert  and  apt  to  marciall  feates,  and 
nymble  in  all  thynges  apperteighyng  to  warre.  Thei  thought  hym  strong  against  all  perelles 
and  imagined  hym  fortunate  in  all  chaunces  and  doynges,  wherfore  as  I  saied,  thei  mire  he 
marueled  at  hym,  and  more  regarded  his  persone.  Then  was  lie  named  and  proclaimed 
heire  &  Regent  of  Fraunce.  And  as  the  French  kyng  sent  the  copie  of  this  treaty  to 
euery  toune  in  France,  so  the  kyng  of  Englande  sent  the  same  in  Englishe  to  euery  citec 
and  market  toune  to  be  published  and  deuulged,  the  very  copie  whereof  as  it  was  then  writ- 
ten, woorde  by  woorde  ensueth. 

If  The  Articles  and  appoynctmentes  of  the  peace  betwene  the  realmes  of  Englande 

and  Fraunce. 

HENRY  by  the  grace  of  God  kyng  of  Englande,  heire  and  Regent  of  Fraunce,  lorde 
of  Irslande,  to  perpetuall  mind  to  Christen  people  and  all  tho  that  be  vnder  our  obeisance 
we  notefie  and  declare  that  though  there  hath  been  here  aforne  diuerse  treaties  betwene  the 
moste  excellent  Prince  Charles  our  father  of  Fraunce  and  his  progenitors  for  the  peace  to 
be  had  betwene  the  twoo  realmes  of  Fraunce  and  Englande  the  whiche  here  before  haue 
borne  no  fruite :  \Ve  consideryng  the  greate  harmes  the  whiche  hath  not  onely  fallen  betwene 
these  twoo  realmes  for  the  great  deuision  that  hath  been  betwene  the,  but  to  all  holy  churche. 
We  haue  taken  a  treaty  with  our  saied  father,  in  whiche  treaty  betwixt  our  saied  father  and 
vs,  it  is  concluded  and  accorded  in  the  forme  after  the  maner  that  foloweth. 

1  FIRST  it  is  accorded  betwixt  oure  father  and  vs,  that  forasmuche  as  by  the  bond  of  Ma- 
trimony made  for  the  good  of  the  peace  betwene  vs  and  our  most  dere  beloued  Katheryn 
doughter  of  our  saied  father  and  of  our  moste  dere  mother  Isabell  his  wife,  thesame  Charles 
and  Isabell  been  made  father  and  mother,  therfore  them  as  our  father  and  mother  we  shall 
haue  and  worship  as  it  sitteth  and  semeth  so  a  worthy  prince  and  princesse  to  be  worship- 
ped principally  before  all  other  temporall  persones  of  the  world. 

3  ALSO  we  shall  not  distroble,  disseason  or  letten  our  father  aforsaid,  but  that  he  holde 
and  possede  as  long  as  he  liueth  as  he  holdeth  and  possedeth  at  this  tyme  the  croune  and 
the  dignitee  royall  of  Fraunce,  and  rentes  and  proffites  for  thesame  of  the  sustenance  of 
his  estate  and  charges  of  the  realme.  And  our  forsaid  mother  also  hold  aslong  as  she 
liueth  thestate  &  dignitee  of  Queue,  after  the  maner  of  the  same  realme  with  conuenable  con- 
uenience  part  of  the  said  rentes  and  proffites. 

3  ALSO  that  the  forsaid  lady  Katherin  shall  take  and  haue  dower  in  our  realme  of  Eng- 
lande as  Quenes  of  England  here  afore  wer  wont  for  to  take  and  haue,  that  is  to  say,  to  the 
some  of.  xl.  M.  Scutes,  of  the  whiche  two  algate  shalbe  worth  a  noble  Englishe. 

4  ALSO  that  by  the  waies  maners  and  meanes  that  we  male  without  transgression  or  offence 
of  other  made  by  vs,  for  to  kepe  the  lawes,  customes,  vsages  and  rightes  of  our  saied  realme 
of  Englande  shall  doen  our  labor  and  pursute  that  thesaid  Katheryn  al  so  sone  as  it  maie 
be  doen,  be  made  sure  to  take  and  for  to  haue  in  our  said  realme  of  Englande  from  the 
tyme  of  our  death  thesaied  dower  of.  xl.  M.  scutes  yerely,  of  the  whiche  twayne  algate  be 
worth  a  noble  Englishe. 

5  ALSO  if  it  hap  the  said  Katheryn  to  ouerliue  vs,  she  shall  take  and  haue  the  realme  of 
Fraunce  ymediately,  from  the  tyme  of  our  death,  dower  to  the  some  of.  xx.  M.  Frankes 
yerely  of  and  vpon  the  landes,  places  and  lordshippes  that  held  and  had  Blaunch  somtyrne 
wife  of  Philip  Boseele  to  our  saied  father. 

6  ALSO  that  after  the  death  of  our  father  aforsaied,  and  from  thence  forwarde,  the  croune 
and  the  realme  of  Fraunce  with  all  the  rightes  and  appurtenaunces  shall  remain  and  abide 
to  vs  and  been  of  vs  and  of  our  heires  for  euermore. 

7  ALSO  forasmuche  as  our  saied  father  is  witholden  with  diaerse  sicknes,  in  suche  maner 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  97 

as  he  maie  not  intencte  in  his  owne  persone  for  to  dispose  for  the  nedes  of  theforsaied  realme 
of  Fraunce:  therfore  duryng  the  life  of  our  saied  father,  the  faculties  and  exercise  of  the 
gouernance  and  disposicion  of  the  publique  and  common  proffice  of  the  saied  realme  of 
Fraunce  with  -counsaiH  and  nobles  and  wise  men  of  the  same  realme"  of  Fraunce  shalbe  and 
abide  to  vs:  So  that  from  thencefurthe  we  maie  gouerne  the  same  realme  by  vs.  And  also 
to  admit  to  oure  cousaill  and  assistence  of  thesaid  nobles  suche  as  we  shall  thynke  mete  the 
which  faculties  and  exercise  of  gouernance  thus  being  toward  vs,  we  shall  labor  and  pur- 
pose vs  spedefully,  diligently  and  truly  to  that  that  maie  be  and  ought  for  to  be  to  the  worship 
of  God  and  our  saied  father  and  mother,  and  also  to  the  common  good  of  thesaied  realme, 
and  that  realme  with  the  counsaill  and  help  of  the  worthy  and  great  nobles  of  thesame 
realme  for  to  be  defended,  peased  and  gouerned  after  right  and  equitie. 

ALSO  that  we  of  our  owne  power  shall  do  the  courte  of  the  Parliament  of  Frauce  to  be      8 
kept  &  obserued  in  his  authorite  and  soueraignte  and  in  all  that  is  doen  to  it  in  all  maner 
of  places  that  now  or  in  tyme  commyng  is  or  shalbe  subiect  to  our  saied  father. 

ALSO  wee  to  oure  power  shall  defende  and  helpe  all  and  euery  of  the  Peres,  nobles,  ci-      9 
tees,  tounes,  commonalties  and  syngular  persons  now  or  in  tyme  commyng  subiectes  to  our 
father  in  their  rightes,  customes,  priueleges,  fredome  and  fraunchises  longyng  or  dewe  to 
them  in  all  maner  of  places  now  or  in  tyme  commyng  subiect  to  our  father. 

ALSO  we  diligently  and  truly  shall  trauaile  to  our  power  and  do  that  iustice  be  admi-       10 
nistered  and  doen  in  the  same  realme  of  Fraunce  after  the  lawes,  customes  and  rightes  of 
thesame  realme,  without  personalx  excepcion.     And  that  we  shall  kepe  and  holde  the  sub- 
iectes of  the  same  realme  in  tranquilitie  and  peace,  and  to  our  power  we  shall  defend  them 
against  all  maner  of  violence  and  oppression. 

ALSO  we  to  our  power  shall  prouide,  and  do  to  our  power  that  able  persones  and  prof-  j  j 
fitable  been  taken  to  the  offices  aswell  of  Justices  and  other  offices  longyng  to  the  gouern- 
aunce  of  the  demaynes  and  of  other  offices  of  the  said  realme  of  Fraunce  for  the  good,  right 
and  peaceable  Iustice  of  the  same,  and  for  thadministration  that  shalbe  comitted  vnto  theini 
and  that  they  be  suche  persons  that  after  the  lawes  and  rightes  of  the  same  realme  and  for 
the  vtilitee  and  proffite  of  our  saied  father  shall  minister,  and  that  the  forsaied  realme  shall 
bee  taken  and  deputed  to  thesame  offices. 

ALSO  that  wee  of  our  power  so  sone  as  it  maie  commodiously  bee  doen,  shall  trauaile      12 
for  to  put  into  the  obedience  of  our  saied  father,  all  maner  of  cities,  tounes  and   Castles, 
places,  countrees  and  persones  within  the  realme  of  Fraunce  disobedient  and  rebelles  to 
our  saied  father,  holdyng  with  them  whiche  been  called  the  Dolphin  or  Armuiack. 

ALSO  that  we  might  the  more  comodiously,  surely  and  frely  doen  exercise  and  fulfill  these      1 3 
thynges  aforsaid.     It  is  accorded  that  all  worthy  nobles  and  estates  of  the  same  realme  of 
Fraunce  aswel  spirituals  as  temporalles,  and  also  citees  notables  and  commonalties,  and  cite- 
zens,  burgeis  of  tounes  of  the  realme  of  Fraunce,  that  been  obcysaunt  at  this  tyme  to  our 
saied  father  shall  make  these  othes  that  folowen. 

FIRST  to  vs  hauyng  the  facultie,  exercise,  disposicion  and  gouernaunce  of  the  forsaied      14 
common  proffite  to  our  hestes  and  commaundementes  thei  shall  mekely  and  obediently  obeye 
and  intende  in  all  maner  of  thyng  concernyng  the  exercise  of  gouernance  of  thesame  realme. 

ALSO  that  the  worthy  greate  nobles  and  estates  of  the  saied  realme  aswell  spirituals  as  I  5 
temporalles  and  also  citees  and  notable  commonalties  and  Cittezens  and  Burgeses  of  the 
same  realme  in  all  maner  of  thynges  well  and  truly  shall  kepe  and  to  their  power  shall  do  to 
be  kept  of  so  muche  as  to  theim  belonged)  or  to  any  of  theim  all,  those  thynges  that  been 
apoyncted  and  accorded  betwene  our  forsaid  father  and  mother  and  vs,  with  the  counsaill  of 
them  whom  vs  lust  to  calle  to  vs. 

ALSO  that  continually  from  the  death  and  after  the  death  of  our  saied  father  Charles,       15 
they  shalbe  our  true  liegcme  and  our  heires,  and  they  shall  receiue  and  admit  vs  for  their 
liege  and  soureigne  and  verie  kyng  of  Fraunce,  and  for  suche  to  obeye  vs  without  oppo- 
sicio,  contradiccion  or  difficultee,  as  they  be^en  to  our  forsaid  father  dnryng  his  life,  neuer 

°  after 

98  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

after  this,  realmc  of  Frauce  shall  obey  to  man  as  kyng  or  regent  of  Fraunce,  but  to  vs  and 
our  hcires.  Also  they  shall  not  be  in  counsaill  belpe  or  assente  that  we  lese  life  or  lyuime, 
or  be  take  with  euill  takyng,  or  that  we  suft're  harme  or  diminicion  in  person,  estate*  worship 
or  goodes,  but  if  thei  knovve  any  suche  thyng  for  to  be  cast  orymagined  against  vs,  thei  shall 
let  it  to  their  power,  and  they  shall  doen  vs  to  weten  therof  as  hastely  as  thei  inaie  by  theim- 
self,  by  message  or  by  letters. 

1 7  ALSO  that  all  maner  of  conquestes  that  should  bee  made  by  vs  in  Fraunce  vpon  the  saied  in- 
obedientes  out  of  the  Duchie  of  Normandy  shalbe  doen  to  the  proffite  of  our  said  father,  and 
that  to  our  power  we  shall  do  that  al  maner  of  landes  and  lordshipes  that  been  in  the  places 
so  for  to  be  conquered  longyng  to  persones  obeyng  to  our  saied  father,  vvhiche  shall  sweare  for 
to  kepe  this  presente  accord  .shalbee  restored  to  thesame  persones  to  whom  they  long  to. 

18  ALSO  that  all  maner  of  persones  of  holy  Church  beneficed  in  the  Duchy  of  Normandy 
or  any  other  places  in  the  realme  of  Frauce  subiect  to  our  futher  and  fauouryng  the  partie  of 
the  dukes  of  Burgoyne  whiche  shall  sweare  to  kepe  this  present  accord,  shall  reioyce  peace- 
ably their  benefices  of  holy  Churche  in  the  Duchy  of  Normandy,  or  in  any  other  places  next 

19  ALSO  likewise  all  maner  persones  of  holy  Churche  obedient  to  vs  and  beneficed  in  the 
realme  of  Fraunce  and  places  subiect  to  our  father  that  shall  swere  to  kepe  this  presente  ac- 
cord, shall  enioye  peaceably  their  benefices  of  holy  Churche  in  places  next  abouesaied. 

20  ALSO  that  all  maner  of  Churches,  Vniuersitees  and  studies  gcnerall,  and  all  Colleges  of 
studies  and  other  Colleges  of  holy  Churche  beyng  in  places  now  or  in  tyme  commyng  sub- 
iecte  to  our  father,  or  in  the  Duchy  of  Normady,  or  other  places  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce 
subiect  to  vs,  shall  enioye  their  rightes  and  possessions,  rentes,  prerogatiues  liberties  and 
fraunchises  longyng  or  dewe  to  theim  in  any  maner  of  wise  in  the  said  realme  of  Fraunce, 
sauyng  the  right  of  the  croune  of  Fraunce  and  euery  other  persone. 

gl  ALSO  by  Goddes  help,  when  it  happeneth  vs  to  come  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce,  the  Duchy 
of  Normandy  and  all  other  places  conquered  by  vs  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce  shall  bowe 
vnder  the  commaundemcnt  obeysaunce  and  Monarchy  of  the  croune  of  Fraunce. 

22  ALSO  that  we  shall  enforce  vs  and  dooe  to  our  power  that  recompence  bee  made  by  our 
said  father  without  diminicion  of  the  croune  of  Fraunce,  to  persones  obeiyng  to  hym  and 
fauoryng  to  that  partie  that  is  said  Burgoyn,  to  whom  longeth  landes,  lordshippes,  rentes 
or  possessions  in  the  said  Duchy  of  Normandy  or  other  places  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce 
conquered  by  vs  hethertoward,  geuen  by  vs  in  places,  and  landes  gotten  or  to  be  gotten  and 
ouercome  in  the  name  of  our  said  father  vpon  rebelles  and  inobedientes  to  hym.     And  if  it 
so  bee  that  suche  maner  of  recompence  bee  not  made  to  the  saied  persones  by  the  life  of 
our  saied  father,  we  shall  make  that  recompence  in  suche  maner  of  places  and  goodes  when 
it  happeneth  by  Goddes  grace  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce.     And  if  so  be  that  the  landes,  lord- 
shippes, rentes  or  possessios  the  vvhiche  longeth  to  suche  maner  of  persones  in  the  saied 
Duchy  and  places  be  not  geuen  by  vs,  thesame  persones  shalbee  restored  to  theim  without 
any  delaye. 

23  ALSO  duryng  the  life  of  our   father  in  all  places  nowe  or  in  tyme  commyng  subiect  to 
him,  letters  of  common  iustice  and  also  grauntes  of  offices  and  giftes,  pardos  or  remissions 
and  priuileges  shalbe  written  and  precede  vnder  the  name  and  seale  of  our  saied  father.  And. 
forasmuche  as  some  syngular  cace  male  fall  that  maye  not  bee  forseen  by  mannes  witte,  in 
the  whiche  it  might  be  necessary  and  behouefull  that  we  do  write  our  letters,  in  suche  maner 
cace  if  any  hap  for  the  good  and  surety  of  our  saied  father  and  for  the  gouernauncc"  that? 
longeth  to  vs  as  is  beforsaied,  and  for  to  eschewen  perilles  that  otherwise  might  fall  to  the 
prejudice  of  our  saied  father  to  write  cure  letters,   by  the  whiche  we  shall  commaunde, 
charge  and  defende  after  the  nature  andqualitie  of  the  nede  in  our  fathers  behalfe  and  cures 
as  Regent  of  Fraunce. 

24  ALSO  that  duryng  oure  fathers  life  wee  shall  not  calle  ne  write  vs  kyng  of  Fraunce,  but 
vtterly  we  shall  absteyne  vs  from  that  name  as  long  as  our  father  liueth. 

1  ALSO 


ALSO  that  oursaied  father  duryng  his  life  shall  nempne,  call,  and  write  vs  in  French  in      25 
this  maner  Nostre  treschier  jils  Henry  Roy  Denglcterre  heretere  de  Fraunce,  and  in 
latin  in  this  maner.     Precharissimus  filius  noster  Henricus  Rex  Anglian  &  heres  Francis. 

ALSO  that  we  shall  put  none  imposicions  or  exaccios,  or  do  charge  the  subiectes  of  our      25 
said  father  without  cause  resonable  and  necessary,  ne  otherwise  then  for  common  good  of 
the  realme  of  Fraunce,  and  after  the  saiyng  and  askyng  of  the  lawes  and  customes  reason- 
able, approued  of  thesame  realme. 

ALSO  that  we  shall  trauaile  to  our  power  to  the  effect  and  intent,  that  by  thassent  of  the  27 
three  estates  of  either  of  the  realmes  of  Fraunce  and  Englande,  that  all  maner  of  obstacles 
maie  be  doen  awaie,  and  in  this  partie  that  it  be  ordeigned  and  prouided  that  fro  the  tyme 
that  we  or  any  of  our  heires  come  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce,  bothe  the  crounes  that  is  to 
saie  of  Fraunce  and  England  perpetually  be  together  in  one  and  in  thesame  persone,  that 
is  to  saie  from  our  fathers  life  to  vs,  and  from  the  terme  of  our  life  thence  forward  in  the 
persones  of  our  heires  that  shalbee  one  after  another.  And  that  bothe  realmes  shalbee 
gouerned  fro  that  wee  or  any  of  our  heires  come  to  thesame,  not  seuerally  vnder  diuersc 
kynges  in  one  tyme,  but  vnder  that  same  person  whiche  for  the  tyme  shalbe  kyng  of  bothe 
the  realmes  and  souereigne  lorde  as  it  is  beforesaid,  kepyng  neuerthelesse  in  all  maner  of 
other  thynges  to  ether  of  y  same  realmes  their  rightes,  liberties,  customes,  vsages  and  lawes, 
not  makyng  subiecte  in  any  maner  of  wise  one  of  thesame  realmes  to  the  rightes,  lawes  or 
vsages  of  that  other. 

ALSO  that  henceforwarde,  perpetually  shalbee  still  reste,  and  that  in  all  maner  of  wise,      28 
discencions,  hates,  rancoures,  enuies,  and  warres  betwene  thesame  realmes  of  Fraunce  and 
England,  and  the  people  of  thesame  realmes,  drawyng  to  accorde  of  thesame  peace  maie 
cease  and  bee  broken. 

ALSO  that  there  shalbe  fro  hence  forwarde  for  euermore  peace  and  tranquillitee  and  «y 
good  accord  and  common  affeccion  and  stable  frendship  betwene  thesame  realmes  and  their 
subiectes  beforesaied :  thesame  realmes  shall  kepe  theselfes  with  their  counsaill  helpes  and 
comon  assistence  against  all  maner  of  men  that  enforce  theim  for  to  doen  or  to  ymagine 
wronges,  harmes,  displeasours  or  greuaunce  to  theim  or  to  ether  of  theim.  And  thei 
shalbe  conuersaunt  and  Marchandisen  frely  and  surely  together  paiyng  the  custome  dew 
and  accustomed.  And  thei  shalbe  conuersaunt  also,  that  al  the  confederates  and  alies  of 
our  said  father  and  the  realme  of  Fraunce  aforsaid,  and  also  our  confederates,  of  the  realme 
of  Englande  aforsaied,  shall  in.  viij.  monethes  from  the  tyme  of  this  accord  of  peace  as  it  is 
notified  to  the,  declare  by  their  letters  that  they  wolle  draw  to  this  accord  and  vvoll  be  com- 
prehended vnder  the  treaties  and  accord  of  this  peace,  sauyng  neuerthelesse  ether  of  the 
same  Crounes,  and  also  all  maner  accions  rightes  and  reuenues  that  longen  to  our  sayd  fa- 
ther and  his  subiectes  and  to  vs  and  to  our  subiectes  againe  such  maner  of  allies  and  con- 

ALSO  neither  our  father  neither  our  brother  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  shall  bcgynne  ne  make      30 
with   Charles  clepyng  himselfe  the  dolphyn  of  Vyennes  any  treaty  or  peace  or  accorde  but 
bv  counsel  and  assent  of  all  and  eche  of  vs  thre  or  of  other  thre  estates  of  either  of  the  sayd 
realmes  aboue  named. 

Also  that  we  with  assent  of  our  sayd  brother  of  Burgoyn  &  other  of  the  nobles  of  the      -^1 
realmes  of  Fraiice  the  whiche  therto  owen  to  be  called  shal  ordaine  for  the  gouernance  of 
our  sayd  father  sekyrly,  louyngly  and  honestly  after  the  askyng  of  his  royal  estate  and  dig-' 
nitie  by  the  maner  that  shalbe  to  the  worship  of  God  and  of  our  father  and  of  the  realme  of 

ALSO  all  maner  of  persons  that  shalbe  about  our  father  to  do  him  personal  seruice,  not      32 
onely  in  office  but  in  all  other  seruices  aswell  the  nobles  and  gentles  as  "other  shalbe  suche 
as  hath  bene  borne  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce  or  in  places  longyng  to  Fraunce,  good,  wise, 
true  and  able  to  that  foresayd  seruice.  And  our  sayd  father  shall  dwell  in  places  notable  of  his 
obedience  and  nowhere  els.     Wherfore  we  charge  &  comaunde  our  savd  liege  subiectes  and" 

O  2  other 

100  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

other  beyng  vnder  our  obedience  that  they  kepe  and  do  to  be  kept  in  all  thatlongeth  to  them 
this  accord  and  peace  after  the  forme  and  maner  as  it  is  accorded.  And  that  they  atternpte 
in  no  maner  wyse  any  thyng  that  may  be  prejudice  or  cotrary  to  the  same  accorde  and 
peace  vpon  paine  of  life,and  lymme  and  all  that  they  may  forfaite  against  vs.  Youen  at 
Troys  the.  xxx.  day  of  May  1420  and  proclaimed  in  London  the.  xx.  day  of  lune. 
33  ALSO  that  we  for  the  thinges  aforesayd  and  euery  one  of  the  shall  geue  our  assent  by  our 
letters  patentes  sealed  with  our  scale  vnto  oure  sayd  father  with  all  approbacion  &  confirma- 
cion  of  vs  and  all  other  of  our  bloud  royal  and  all  other  of  the  cities  and  tounes  to  vs  obedient 
sealed  with  their  scales  accustomed.  And  further  oure  sayd  father  beside  his  letters  patentes 
sealed  vnder  his  great  scale  shall  make  or  cause  to  be  made  letters  approbatory  and  confirrna- 
cions  of  the  peres  of  his  realme  and  of  the  lordes,  citezens  and  burgesses  of  the  same  vnder 
his  obedience,  all  which  articles  we  haue  sworne  to  kep*  vpon  the  holy  Euangefistes. 

HERE  I  ought  not  to  forget  howe.  ii.  men  named  learned  in  bothe  the  lawes,  the  one 
called  master  Ihon  Bouchet  the  Aquitanical  writer  &  Archedeacon  of  Terbe,  &  the  other 
Master  de  Prato  a  solempne  prothonotary  his  pratyng  gloser  wrote  of  this  treaty  and  com- 
posicio,  and  make  therof  so  a  great  matter  as  by  the  makyng  of  this  peace  it  shuld  appeare 
that  England  had  no  right  to  Frauce,  nor  by  this  graunt  nothyng  to  England  was  geuen-. 
Fyrst  Ihon  Bouchet  saieth  that  this  treaty  was  the  worst  cotract  that  euer  was  made  for  the 
kynges  of  England,  for  by  this  saith  he  it  is  apparant  that  the  kyng  of  Englvid  hath  neither 
tytle  nor  right  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce  but  by  this  coposicion,  for  if  they  had  right,  why  did 
they  take  it  by  coposicion  ?  vpon  this  text  Master  gloser  saieth,  that  this  composicion  geueth 
a  new  right,  and  if  there  wer  any  old  it  taketh  it  away  and  geueth  a  new,  whiche  new  gift 
was  of  litle  value  and  lesse  efficacie  in  the  law  because  the  issue  female  may  not  en- 
herite  accordyng  to  the  lawe  Salique,  &  therfore  he  cannot  make  his  doughter  heyre  to  the 
croune  of  Fraunce.  If  I  might  be  so  bold  I  wold  axe  Maister  Ihon  Bouchet  this  ques- 
tion :  if  a  ma  wrongfully  kepe  me  out  of  the  possession  of  my  true  and  lawful  inheri- 
taunce  (with  whom  lam  neither  able  with  purse  neither  with  power  to  prosecute  my 
cause  before  a  competent  iudge  by  proces  of  the  lawe)  wyll  of  his  owne  mere  mocion 
(moued  paraduenture  with  conscience)  render  to  me  my  right,  so  I  wyl  suffre  him  to 
enioy  my  lande  duryng  his  life,  or  that  I  wyl  mary  his  daughter,  haue  I  this  land  by  his  gift 
or  as  a  thyng  to  me  iustly  by  law  and  equitie  rendred  and  receiued.  Likewise  if  a  riche  man 
owe  to  a  poore  man  an  hundreth  poundes,  whiche  is  not  able  in  substance  or  for  feare  of 
displeasure  dare  not  attempt  any  suyte  or  quarel  against  his  detter,  if  he  wyl  offer  to  pay  his- 
money  at  dayes,  to  the  whiche  request  the  poore  man  agreeth,  is  this  a  newe  gift  of  the  money 
or  a  payment  of  the  del.  In  the  fyrst  question  if  the  demaudant  had  no  tytle,  how  could  he 
graunt  to  him  the  accion  of  the  land  duryng  his  life,  and  in  the  second,  if  the  plaintiffe  had 
none  interest  how  could  he  geue  him  daies  of  payment  and  yet  in  both  the  cases  if  the  one 
part  had  no  right  why  would  the  other  make  an  offre  or  copound,  for  all  coposicions  haue 
respect  to  a  right  precedent.  But  in  this  matter,  who  would  iudge  that  a  kyng  of  so  great  & 
puissant  a  realme  with  the  asset  of  his  own  counsel  would  dishenerite  his  onely  sonne  &  sur- 
rendre  his  title  without  an  apparant  right  and  open  tytle  knowen  and  shewed  by  the  partie,. 
for  the  olde  prouerbe  sayeth,  long  sufferaunce  is  no  acquittance,  nor  prolongyng  of  tyme 
tlerogacion  to  right,  also  restitucion  is  no  graut,  nor  payment  of  duetie  is  no  gift.  Doctors 
write  and  clerkes  afferme  that  these  treaties,  arLitrementes  and  composicions  be  bothe  godly, 
charitable  and  honest,  both'  to  restore  the  one  partie  to  his  auncient  right  (whether  it  be  in 
landes  or  goodes)  and  to  dispence  &  releue  the  other  with  the  takyng  of  the  profiles  of  the 
land  and  vsyng  in  mai  chandies  the  occupacion  of  the  money.  Now  to  Master  gloser  whiche 
affirmeth  that  a  composicion  taketh  away  an  old  right  &  geueth  a  new  and  that  this  coposicion 
is  of  no  value:  surely  Master  Ihon  de  Prato  I  would  haue  suche  a  peuyshe  proctor  reteined 
against  me  for  you  say  that  euery  coposicion  geueth  a  new  right  and  taketh  away  the  auaciet 
title,  yet  you  sayd  before  y  this  coposicion  neither  geueth  nor  can  geue  any  right,  whiche 
coclusion  is  manifestly  repugnant  to  the  antecedent  therfore  you  must  be  answered  thus,  if 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  101 

nothyng  be  geuen  nothyng  is  taken  away,  &  so  consequently  no  coposicion,  &  if  there  be  no 
coposicion  then  remaineth  styl  the  olde  and  auncient  tytle  in  the  state  that  it  was.  Parad- 
uenture  Master  gloser  wyl  say  and  allege  the  tytle  of  England  to  be  abrogated  because  the 
bouse  of  Valoys  may  lawfully  prescribe  against  the  kynges  of  England  and  haue  had  the 
possession  fortie  yeres  and  more,  &  so  by  this  nieane  kyng  Hery  had  no  tytle  to  clayme  or 
chalenge  any  part  of  the  realme  of  Fraunce.  Then  1  pray  you  remember  the  yeres  &  ac- 
compt  the  doynges  and  you  shall  euidently  perceiue  that  kyng  Edward  the  third  the  very 
indubitate  heyre  general  to  the  croune  of  Fraunce  kyng  Richard  the  second,  kyng  Henry 
the  fourth  and  this  noble  kyng  Henry  the  fift  neuer  desisted,  vi.  or.  viii.  yeres  at  the  moost 
either  by  battaile  or  treatie  to  chalenge  and  clayme  their  aucient  right  and  old  enheritaunce 
to  the  by  quene  Isabel  discended,so  the  title  was  euer  in  strife  and  neuer  quiet  tyll  nowe  the 
right  lyne  is  restored  :  And  as  for  your  law  Salique  put  it  in  your  boget  among  lyes  &  fayned 
fables.  Thus  you  may  se  the  affections  of  Frenchemen,  that  an  Arche  foole  cannot  forge  a 
lye  for  his  pleasure,  but  a  prothodawe  wyll  faine  a  glose  to  mainteine  his  folish  fatasie.  Let 
vs  now  leue  these  wylful  writers  and  returne  to  the  kyng  of  England,  which  after  al  these 
articles  of  the  treaty  beyng  concluded  and  sworne,  made  the  Frenche  kyng  the  duke  of 
Burgoyn  and  other  the  Frenche  lordes  a  solempne  and  sumptuous  supper  and  banket,  and 
before  their  departyng  he  sadly  and  soberly  sayd  to  them  these  wordes. 

All  my  thought  care  &  study  is  (you  noble  princes  &  men  of  high  honor)  to  inuent  the 
meane,  study  &  way,  how  both  my  kyngdomes  by  the  benefite  of  almightie  God  enlarged  &. 
amplified,  by  the  conexyng  &  ioynyng  the  one  to  the  other  may  be  left  to  my  posteritie  clene 
&  pure  without  domestical  dissecion  or  ciuile  discorde,  to  thentent  that  as  no  prince  nor 
potestate  hath  at  this  day  in  all  Europe  a  greater  gouernance,  a  richer  regiment  nor  a  more 
puissant  empire  :  So  I  trust  to  leue  it  that  hereafter  ther  shal  no  power  or  dominion  be  able 
to  be  to  it  copared  orequyolent.  Wherfore  I  entende  fyrst  to  extirpate  &  plucke  away  the 
rotes  &  leuynges  of  the  ciuile  discecion  in  this  realme  lately  begon  which  ly  in  the  brest  of 
Charles  the  kynges  sone,  by  your  decre,  Judgement  and  assent,  of  the  newe  state  and  dig- 
nitie  of  the  Dolphyn  vtterly  depriued  and  disgraded,  against  whom  it  is  couenient  and  decent 
that  you  beare  armure  not  so  muche  to  destroy  &' confound  him,  as  to  bring  him  to  do  obay- 
sance  and  reasonable  coformitie.  What  maner  a  prince  thinke  you  he  would  proue,  when, 
he  should  obtaine  &  possesse  a  kyngdome,  which  beyng  but  a  lusty  yong  striplyng  not 
fearyng  God  nor  regardyng  his  honor  contrary  to  his  promise  &  against  all  humaine  honestie, 
was  not  ashamed  to  polute  &  staine  him  selfe  with  the  bloud  and  homicide  of  the  valeaunt 
duke  of  Burgoyn,  O  cancard  stomacke  in  the  brest  of  a  yong  prince,  oh  tyrannical, heart  in 
the  body  of  a  gentle  man,  O  vntrue  long  in  the  mouth  of  a  Christen  man;  a.  Christian,  no 
aPagane,  whiche  neglecting  his  honor,  violatyng  his  promise  and  dispisyng  honestie,  would 
procure  or  cosent  to  so  abhominable  a  fact  and  sedicious  a  murder.  Wherfore  these  thynges 
well  pondered  and  iustly  considered  I  require  you  to  ioyne,  stand,  and  eleue  with-me  as  the 
very  heyre  &  successor  of  my  dere  &  welbeloued  father  in  lawe  kyng  Charles  in  this  realme 
&  kyngdome,  fyrst  to  my  noble  auncesters,  &  after  to  me  by  right  title  and  iust  clayine  law- 
fully discended.  Grudge  not  I  pray  you  because  I  that  am  an  Englishman  shall  succede  in. 
the  croune  of  France:  I  assure  you,  I  am  not  nor.  wil  not  be  noted  to  be  to  you. a  mere  alien 
and  straunger,  was  not  my  great  grandfather  kyng  Edward  the  third  sone  to  quene 
Isabel  daughter  to  Philip  the  fayre  and  sister  and  heyre  to.  iii.  kynges  of  this  relme  dead 
without  issue?  was  not  my  great  graundmother  quene  Philip  discended  of  the  noble  house 
of  Valoys?  if  the  old  &  trite  prouerbe  be  true  that  the  womans  side  is  the  surer  side  and 
that  the  childe  foloweth  the  wombe,  although  the  one  part  be  Englishe  yet  the  surer  part  is 
Frenche,  and  of  the  Frenche  flou re  budded  &  brought  furth.  And  therfore  remembre  not 
that  I  am  an  English  ma  put  out  of  your  mindes  in  what  coutrey  I  was  borne:  and  cosider. 
that  I  am  a  christen  man  &  an  anoyn fed. kyng,  to  who  by  both  the  professions  it  aperteineth, 
not  onely  to  defend  &. protect  their  people  &  subiectes  from  foreign  powers  &  outward  inua- 
sions,  but  also  to  minister  to  them  indifferent  Justice,  to  conserue  them  in  polliiike  ordre  & 


102  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

moderate  quietnes:  &  finally  accordyng  to  their  desert  and  merites,  the  to  promote  auance, 
&  prefer  to  riches,  honors  and  estates :  which  thinges  if  I  would  not  do  to  you  my  trusty 
frendes  whose  louyng  heartes  and  beneuolent  myndes  I  shall  neuer  forgette  nor  put  in  obli- 
uion,  I  should  not  do  my  dutie  to  God  I  shuld  not  do  the  office  of  a  kyng  nor  I  shuld  not 
do  that  whiche  by  the  lawesof  nature  and  reason  I  ought  to  do,  which  is  to  rendre  kyndnes 
for  kyndnes,  goodnes  for  desert,  and  honor  for  merite.  Therforc  to  coclude  I  humbly  re- 
quire you  to  stande  strong  with  kyng  Charles  my  father  in  lawe  (who  in  the  stede  of  myne 
ovvne  parent  I  worship,  loue  and  honor)  in  this  concord  and  agrement  whiche  I  both  call  & 
trust  to  be  a  peace  final,  and  after  his  mortal  ende  to  loue,  serue  &  be  true  to  me  and  ray 
posteritie,  and  I  assure  you  for  my  part  that  the  Occean  sea  shall  sonerleue  his  flowyng  and 
the  bright  sunne  soner  leue  his  shiny ng,  then  I  shall  ceasse  to  do  that  whiche  becommeth 
a  prince  to  do  to  his  subiecte.  or  that  a  father  ougiit  to  do  to  his  natural  child. 

WHEN  he  had  thus  persuaded  the  nobilitie,  he  with  all  his  army,  hauyng  with  him  the 
Frenche  kyng  and  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  came  before  the  toune  of  Sene  in  Burgoyn 
whiche  toke  part  with  the  dolphyn  :  and  after  that  he  had  destroied  the  countrey  about  it, 
at  the.  xv.  day  the  toune  was  yelded  and  there  he  made  capitain  the  lorde  lenuale.  And 
from  thence  he  remoued  to  Monstreau  fault  yone,  where  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  was  slain 
nsyou  haue  heard,  whiche  toune  was  taken  by  assault  and  many  of  the  dolphyns  parte  appre- 
hended before  they  could  get  to  the  cartel.  After  the  gettyngof  the  toune,  the  castle  whiche 
\vas  newly  replenished  with  men  and  vitayle,  denied  toredre,  and  soil  was  strongly  besieged: 
tluryng  whiche  assault  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  was  enformed  by  diuers  in  what  place  the  duke 
his  father  was  buried,  whose  corps  he  caused  to  be  taken  vp  &  sered  and  so  coueighed  it 
to  Diron  in  high  Burgoyn  and  buried  it  by  duke  Philip  his  father. 

THE  kyng  of  England  sent  certaine  of  the  prisoners  that  he  had  taken  in  this  toune  to 
aduise  the  capitaine  of  the  castle  to  yeld  the  same,  but  they  obstinatly  denied  the  request, 
gcuyng  opprobrious  wordes  to  the  kynges  Herault,  wherfore  the  kyng  of  Englad  caused  a 
gybbet to  be  setvp  before  the  castle, on  the  whiche  were  hanged,  xii.  prisoners  all  gentlemen 
and  frendes  to  the  capilaine.  When  the  lord  of  Guytry  lieftenant  of  the  castle  perceiued 
that  by  no  m^anes  he  could  be  succoured,  and  fearyng  to  be  taken  by  force,  he  beganne  to 
treat  with  tlfi>  kyng  of  Englad,  whiche  in.  viij.  daies  would  take  none  of  his  offers,  but  in 
coclusion  he  and  his  rendred  them  seines  simply,  their  Hues  onely  saued,  and  after,  vi.  wekes 
siege  the  castle  was  dcliuered,  &  the  earle  of  Warwike  was  made  capitain  of  the  toune  and 
castle,  whiche  fortefied  the  same  with  men,  ordinance  and  artillerie.  From  thence  the  king 
of  England  departed  to  Molyn  vpon  Seyne  and  besieged  it  round  aboule  in  whose  company 
were  the  Frenche  kyng,  theyong  kyng  of  Scottes,  the  dukes  of  Burgoyn,  Clarence,  Bed- 
ford, and  Gloucester. 

The  duke  of  Barre.  Therle  of  Ewe. 

The  prince  of  Oreng.  -Therle  ot'Tankeruile. 

The  earle  of  Niche  in  Auerne.  Therle  oi'Longuile. 

Therle  of  Huntyngdon.  Therle  of  saint^Paule. 

.  Therle  of  Stafford.  Therle  of  Brayne, 

Therle  of  Sommerset.  Therle  of  Ligny. 

Therle  Marshal.  ,>    Therle  of  Vatedcuontur. 

Therle  of  Warwike.  Therle  of  loiuigny. 

Therle  of  Worcester.  The  Lord  llosse. 

Therle  of  Suffolke.  The  Lord  Matrauers. 

The  archbishop  of  Britayne  earle  of  Yury.         The  Lord  Gray  of  Codnor. 

The  lord  Charles  ofNauer.  The  Lord  Bourchier. 

-Therle  of  Perche.* s  The  Lord  Andely. 

Therle  of  Mortciine.  The  Lord  Wylloughby. 

Therle  of  Onnond.  The  Lord  Clynton. 

Therle  of  Desmond.  The  Lord  Deyncost. 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  103 

The  Lord  Clyffbrd.  The  Lord  Vergeer. 

The  Lord  Ferreys  Groby.  The  Lord  of  Crony. 

The  Lord  Ferreys  of  Chartley.  The  Lord  sent  George: 

The  Lord  Talbot.  The  Lord  Pesunes. 

The  Lord  Fitzwaren.  The  Lord  Daugien. 

The  Baron  Dudley.  The  Lord  Tremoyle. 

The  Lord  Mouerancy.  The  Lord  lenuale. 

The  lord  Aubemond  of  Normady.  Sir  Ihon  de  Lawuoy. 

The  lord  Beauchape  of  Normady.  Sir  Ihon  Courselles. 

-The  Lord  Furniuale.  The  lord  of  Barenbon. 

The  Lord  Fitzhugh.  The  lord  of  lalous. 

-The  Lord  Fanhope.  The  lord  Bonuile. 

The  Lord  Scrope  of  Balos.  Syr  Guy  de  Bar. 

The  Lord  Scrope  of  Vpsabe.  Syr  Ihon  Fastolf. 

The  Lord  Canneys.  Syr  Philip  Halle. 

The  Lord  Bardolf.  -Syr  Philip  Leche. 

The  Lord  Scales.  Syr  Ihon  Rodney. 

The  Baron  of  Care.  Syr  Morice  Bro\vne. 

The  Lord  Duras  of  Gascon.  Syr  Piers  Tempest. 

The  Lord  de  la  Laund  Gascoy.  Syr  Robert  Tempest 

The  Lord  Montferrant.  Syr  Guy  Moyle. 

The  Lord  Louel.  Syr  Ihon  Stanley. 

The  Lord  Botras  of  Burge.  Syr  Lewes  Mohu, 

The  Lord  of  Chastelon.  and.  xv.  Maister  souldiers. 

The  Lord  Lisleadam. 

THESE  valeaunt  princes  &  noble  men  besieged  the  strong  tonne  by  the  space  almost  of. 
vii.  monethes,  they  without  made  mynes,  cast  trenches  and  shotgunnes  dayly  at  the  wallesy 
they  within  wherof  the  lord  Barbason  was  chief  capitaine  manfully  defended  the  same, 
this  euery  day  was  skyrmishing,  scalyng,  &  assautyng,  to  the  losse  of  bothe  parties,  but 
most  of  all  to  the  losse  of  the  within.  Duryng  whiche  siege  the  Frenche  quene  and  the  quene 
of  England,  and  the  duches  of  Burgoyn  came  diuers  times  to  visite  their  husbandes  and  se 
their  fredes,  whom  the  kyng  of  England  so  highly  feasted,  so  louyngly  entertained  and  with, 
so  pleasant  pastymes  comforted  them,  that  tuery  creature  of  him  reported  honor,  liberalitie, 
and  gentlenes.  This  sieg3  so  long  cotinued  that  vitayles  within  the  toune  began  to  fayle, 
and  pestilence  began  to  growe,  so  that  the  capitaine  began  to  treat,  and  in  coclusion  the' 
toune  was  deliuered  vpon  certain  condicions,  wherof  one  was  that  all  that  were  concentyng 
to  the  death  of  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  should  be  deliuered  to  the  kyng,  wherof  the  lorde  Bar- 
bason  was  suspected  to  be  one,  and  so  they  were  deliuered  to  the  kyng  of  England,  whiche 
sent  the  vnder  the  conduyte  of  the  duke  of  Clarence  his  brother  to  the  cytie  of  Paris  wherof 
:he  Frenche  kyng  made  him  capitaine  and  he  toke  possession  of  the  bastyl  of  saint  An- 
;hony,  the  Louure,  the  house  of  Neele,  and  the  place  of  Boys  de  Vynannes: 

WHEN  this  toune  was  thus  yelded,  the  kyng  of  England  made  capitaine  thcr  therle  of 
Suntyngdon.  Fro  thence  he  departed  with  his  army  to  Corbeil,  where  the  Frenche  kyng 
und  the  two  quenes  then  soiorned,  and  from  thence  the.  ii.  kynges  accompanied  with  the 
dukes  of  Bedford,  Burgoyn,  Gloucester  and  Exceter,  and  therles  of  Warwike  Salisbury 
and  a  greate  numbre  of  noble  men  and  knightes  set  furthe  toward  Paris,  whom  the  citezens 
in  good  ordre  met  without  the  gates  and  the  Clergy  also  with  solempne  processio,  al  the 
ftretes  wer  hanged  with  riche  clothes  £  the  people  in  the  stretes  shouted  and  clapped  handes 
lor  ioye,  the  tvvoo  kynges  rode  together,  the  kyng  of  Englande  geuyng  the  vpper  hande  to 
1  is  father  inlawe  through  the  greate  citee  of  Paris  to  our  Lady  Churche,  where  after  they, 
said  there  deuocions  they  departed  to  their  lodgynges,  the  Frenche  kyng  to  the  hous  of. 
f1  ainct  Paule,  &  the  kyng  of  Englande  to  the  Castle  of  Louure.  The  next  day  the  twoo, 



•Queries  made  their  entree  into  Paris  and  wer  receiued  with  like  solempnite  as  their  hus- 
bandes  were  the  day  before.  If  I  should  declare  to  you  the  greate  giftes,  the  costly  pre- 
sentes,  the  plenty  of  vitaile  that  was  geuen  to  the  kyng  of  Englande :  or  reherse  how  the 
conduites  abundantly  spouted  out  wine  of  diuers  colours,  or  describe  the  costly  pagiantes, 
the  plesant  songes  or  swete  armony  that  wer  shewed  song  and  played  at  diuers  places  of  tie 
citie,  or  shewe  the  greate  gladnes,  the  hertie  reioysing  and  the  greate  delight  that  the  comen 
people  had  at  this  concorde  and  peace  finall,  I  should  reherse  many  thynges  that  yeu 
•would  be  weried  both  with  the  readyng  and  hearyng. 

DVRYNG  the  season  that  these,  ii.  kynges  thus  lay  in  Paris,  there  was  a  greate  asseble 
•called,  aswell  of  the  spiritualtie  as  of  the  nobilitie  in  the  which  the  two  kynges  sat  as  iudges, 
before  whom  the  Duches  of  Burgoyn  by  her  proctor  appeled  the  Dolphin  and.  vii.  other  for 
the  murdre  of  duke.Ihon  her  husband.  To  the  whiche  appele  the  cousaill  of  the  other 
part  made  diuers  offers  of  amendes,  aswel  of  foundaciosof  priestes  to  praie  for  the  solle,  as 
recompence  of  money  to  the  widowe  and  children,  for  the  finall  determinacio  wherof  the 
kynges  toke  a  farther  deliberacion  and  appoincted  a  farther  day.  To  the  citee  of  Paris  at 
this  tyme  resorted  the  three  estates  of  the  realme,  where  euery  persone  seuerally  sware  vpd 
the  holy  Euangelistes  to  kepe,  support,  maintein,  and  defende  the  treaty  and  peace  finall 
which  was  concluded  betwene  the  two  princes  and  their  counsailes  and  therto  euery  noble 
man,  spirituall  gouernor,  and  teporall  rulers  set  to  their  seales,  whiche  instrumentes  wer  sent  to 
the  kynges  treasury  of  his  Exchequer  at  Westminster,  sauely  to  be  kept  wher  they  yet  remain. 
These  two  kynges  soiornecl  in  Paris  all  the  feaste  of  Christmas.  The  Frenche  kyng  liyng  at 
the  hous  of  S.  Paule  kept  no  estate  nor  open  court  to  no  man  except  his  houshold  seruauntes 
and  men  of  base  estate  frequented  his  hous.  But  the  kyng  of  Englande  and  his  Quene, 
kepte  suche  solempne  estate,  so  plentifull  a  hous,  so  princely  pastyme,  and  gaue  so  many 
gyftes  that  from  all  partes  of  Fraunce,  noblemen  and  other  resorted  to  his  palice  to  se  his  es- 
tate and  do  hyrn  honor. 

THEN  the  kyng  of  England  toke  vpon  hym  as  Regent  of  Frauce  to  redresse  causes, 
remoue  officers,  reforme  thynges  that  were  a  misse,  and  caused  a  new  coyne  to  be  made 
called  the  Salute,  wherin  wer  the  Armes  of  Fraunce  and  the  Armes  of  England  and 
Frauce  quarterly.  And  to  set  all  thynges  in  a  quietnes,  he  constituted  sir  Gilbert  Vmfreuile 
capitain  of  Melun  with  a  good  riumbre  of  valiant  souldiers,  and  the  erle  of  Huntyngdon 
his  cosyn  germain  was  deputed  capitain  at  Boys  de  Vincens,  and  the  duke  of  Excester  with. 
v.C.  menne  of  warre  was  assigned  to  kepe  the  citee  and  toune  of  Paris.  When  he  had  thus 
ordered  his  affaires  according  to  his  deuice  &  ordre,  he  with  the  quene  his  wife  his  princes 
and  nobles  departed  from  Paris  and  came  to  the  citie  of  Roan.  But  before  his  remouyng, 
he  caused  proces  to  be  made  against  Charles  called  the  Dolphyn,  comaundyng  hym  to  ap- 
pere  at  the  table  of  Marble  at  Paris,  where  for  lacke  of  aperance  he  was  with  all  solempnitie 
in  suche  a  cause  requisite  denounced  giltie  of  the  murther  and  homicide  of  Ihon  late  Duke  of 
Burgoyue,  and  by  the  sentence  of  the  court  of  parliament  he  was  exiled  and  banished  the 
realme  and  territories  of  Fraunce,  and  depriued  of  all  honores,  names,  dignities  and  pre- 
heminences  which  lie  then  had  or  herafter  might  haue.  Wherefore  the  Dolphyn  went  into 
Languedoc  and  after  to  Poyctiers  gettyng  to  hym  suche  frendes  as  he  could,  and  in  especiall 
he  obteigned  so  highly  the  fauor  of  therle  of  Arminack  that  he  not  onely  toke  his  part,  but 
also  releued  hyni  with  money,  aided  hym  with  men  and  in  his  own  persone  continually 
serued  hym  against  his  foes  and  enemies. 

WHILE  Kyng  Henry  soiorned  in  the  citee  of  Roan,  he  receiued  homage  of  all  the  nobles 
of  Normandy:  eroogest  whom  therle  of  Stafford  did  homage  for  thecountie  of  Perche,  and 
Arthur  of  Britayu  did  homage  for  the  countie  of  Ynry,  whiche  the  kyng  before  had  geuen 
to  them.  He  also  ordeined 1  his  liuetenaunt  generall  both  of  Fraunce  ,  and  Normandy  his 
brother  Thomas  duke  of  Clarence,  and  his  deputie  in  Normandy  was  the  erle  of  Salisbury. 
When  the  feast  of  Christmas  (whiche  he  kepte  with  all  triumphe  andsolemptie  in  his  castle 
of  Roan)  was  passed,  he  with  the  quene  his  wife  departed  from  Roan  to  Amies  and  so 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  105 

came  to  Caleis  where  he  toke  ship  the  morow  after  Candlemas  day  and  landed  at  Douer, 
and  came  to  Eltham  and  so  through  Londo  to  Westminster.  Meruel  it  is  to  write  but  more 
meruel  it  was  to  se,  with  what  ioy,  what  triumphe,  what  solace  and  what  reioisyng  he  was 
receiued  of  all  his  subiectes,  but  in  especiall  of  the  Lodoners,  which  for  tediousnesse  I  ouer 
passe.  And  no  doubt  Englande  had  greate  cause  to  reioyce  at  the  coming  of  suche  a  noble 
capitain,  so  valiant  a  prince  and  so  mightie  a  conqueror,  whiche  in  so  small  space  and  so 
briefe  tyme  had  brought  vnder  his  obeysance  the  greate  &  puissant  realtne  &  dominion  of 
Fraurice.  And  first  to  rendreto  God  his  creator  tnoste  huble  &  hertie  thankes,  he  caused 
solempne  processions  to  be  obserued  &  kept.  v.  daies  together  in  euery  citee  and  toune : 
After  that  done  he  made  greate  purueighance  of  all  thynges  necessary  for  the  coronacion  of 
his  Quene  &  spouse  the  faire  lady  Katheryn,  whiche  was  doen  the  daie  of.  s.  Mathy  the. 
xxiiij.  daie  of  February,  on  whiche  solepne  feast  she  was  coueighed  on  fote  betwene.  ii. 
bishops  vnder  a  riche  canapie  fro  the  greate  halle  at  Westminster  to.  S.  Peters  churche,  & 
there  she  was  anointed  &  crouned  with  al  y  ceremonies  to  so  great  an  estate  aperteinyng  or 
requisite.  After  which  solepnitie  ended,  she  was  again  with  great  pope  coueighed  in  to 
Westminster  hall  &  ther  set  in  y  throne  at  the  table  of  marble  at  the  vpper  end  of  the  hall : 
whose  seruice  and  solepnite  who  so  list  to  rede  let  him  ioke  on  the  Chronicle  of  Robert  Fa- 
bia  which  declareth  it  at  large. 


WHile  these  thynges  were  thus  dooyng  in  Englande,  the  du£e  of  Clarence  brother  to  the  The-!«- 
kyng  and  his  lieuetenat  generall  in  Fraunce  and  Normandy,  assembled  together  all  the  garri- 
sons of  Normandy  at  the  toune  of  Bernay,  and  from  thece  departed  into  the  countrie  of 
Mayne,  and  at  Fount  degene  he  passed  the  riuer  of  Youe  and  rode  through  all  the  Countrie 
to  Lucie  where  he  passed  the  Riuer  of  Loyre  and  entered  into  Aniowe,  &  came  before  the 
citee  of  Angiers  where  he  made  many  knightes,  that  is  to  sale,  sir  William  Rosse,  sir  Henry 
Godard,  sir  Rowlad  Rider,  sir  Thomas  Beaufforde  called  the  bastard  of  Clarence  and  di- 
uerse  other,  and  after  that  he  had  forraid,  brent,  and  spoyled  the  coutrie  he  returned  with 
praie  and  pillage  to  the  toune  of  Beaufford  in  the  valey,  where  he  was  aduertised  that  a 
greate  numbre  of  his  enemies  wer  assembled  together  at  a  place  called  Bangle,  that  is  tosaie, 
the  duke  of  Alanson  callyng  hymself  leuetenant  generall  for  the  Dolphyn 

Therle  of  Marche  in  Auerne.  The  Lorde  Buell. 

Therle  of  Merle.  The  Lorde  Gaules. 

Therle  of  Ponthiure.  The  Lorde  of  Graueney. 

The  Vicount  Thomars.  The  Lorde  dela  Brete. 

The  Vicount  Chasteaulerat.  The   Lorde  de  la  Faiet  Marshall  io  the 

The  Vicount  Damboyse.  Dolphyn. 

The  Lorde  of  Egle.  The  Baron  of  Coluces. 

The  Bastard  of  Alanson.  The  Lorde  Danzebost. 

The  Bastard  de  la  Marche.  The  Lorde  Vipond  Diagosales,    capitain 

The  Bastard  of  Vandosme.  of  the  Spaniardes 

The  Lorde  Champaine.  And  of  the  Scotles  whiche  were  late  come 

Sir  Anthony  of  Champayne.  out  of  Scotlande  to  seme  the  Dolphyn. 

The  Lorde  of  Fountayes.  Ihon  erle  of  Boghan  and  Robert  his  bio 

The  Lorde  of  Bellay.  ther,  sonnes  to  the  gouernor  of  Scot- 

The  Lorde  Dauerton.  lande. 

The  Lorde  Rarnbures.  Archibald  Dowglas  erle  of  wigto. 

The  Lorde  Tanagny  de  Chastell.  Alexader    Lynsay   brother  to  theile    of 

Sir  Ihon  Turmyn.  Crayford. 

The  Lorde  Dasse.  Sir  Thomas  Swynton, 

P  Sir 

106  ;  THE.  IX.  YERE  OF 

Sir  William  Stuard.  Sir  Ihon  Haliburton. 

Sir  Willyam  Doglas.  Sir  Ihon  Crawforth.  , 

Sir  Ihon  Turnebull.  Sir  William  Candey. 

Sir  Robert  Lisle.  Sir  Ihon  Grey. 

Sir  William  Conningham.  ^        Sir  Ihon  Commyn. 

Sir  Alexander  Meldryne.  Sir  Rober  Boence. 

Sir  Alexander  Hume.  Sir  Archibalt  Forbosse. 

Sir  Ihon  Balglauie.  Sir  Ducane  Comine  &  many  other. 

Sir  Willyam  Lisle. 

THE  duke  of  Clarence  had  a  Lomberd  resorting  to  hym  called  Andrewe  Forgusa  was  re- 
tained with  the  part  aduerse,  of  whom  the  duke  inquired  the  nubre  of  his  enemies,  to  who 
he  reported  that  their  numbre  was  but  small  and  of  no  strength  and  far  vnmete  to  compare 
with  halfe  the  power  of  his  puissaunt  armie,  entisyng  and  prouokyng  hym  to  set  on  the 
Frenchmen,  warratyng  hym  a  famous  victory  and  a  faire  daie.     The  duke  geuen  to  muche 
credite  to  this  traytor,  like  a  valiant  and  coragious  prince  assembled  together  all  the  horsse- 
men  of  his  army  and  lefte  the  Archers  behynde  hym  vnder  the  ordre  of  the  Bastarde  of 
Clarence  and  two  Portyngales  capitaines  of  Fresnye  le  Vicount,  saiyng  that  he  onely  and 
the  nobles  would  haue  the  honor  of  that  iorney.     When  the  duke  was  past  a  straight  and  a 
narowe  passage,  he  espied  his  enemies  ranged  in  good  ordre  of  battaill  by  the  monicion  of  the 
Lombard  w niche  had  sold  hym  to  his  enemies,  and  thesaid  aduersaies  had  laied  suche  bushe- 
mentes  at  the  straightes  that  the  duke  by  no  wayes  without  battaill  could  ether  retire  or  flie. 
The  Englishemen  seyng  no  remedy  valiauntly  set  on  their  enemies  whiche  wer  foure  to  one, 
the  battail  was  fierce  and  the  fight  dedly,  neuer  wer  so  fewe  men  seen  more  coragiously  to  de- 
fend theimselfes  then  did  the  Englishemen  that  daie  they  fought  and  defeded,  the  slewe  and 
felled,  but  it  auailed  not,  for  they  wer  repressed  with  a  multitude  and  brought  to  confusion. 
There  were  slain  the  duke  of  Clarence,  therle  of  Tankeruile,  the  Lorde  Rosse,  Sir  Gilbert 
Vmffreuile  erle  of  Kent,  and  sir  Ihon  Lumley,  sir  Robert  Verend  and  almoste  two  thou- 
sand Englishemen,  and  therles  of  Somerset  Suffblke  and  Perche,  the  Lorde  Fitzwater,  sir 
Ihon  Barkely,  sir  Rauffe  Neuell,  sir  Henry  luglos,  sir  Willyam  Bowes,  sir  Willyam  Long- 
ton,  sir  Thomas  a  Borough  and  diuerse  other  taken  prisoners,  and  of  the  Frenchemen  wer 
slain  aboue.  xij.C.  of  the  best  men  of  warre  so  that  they  gained  not  much.     The  Bastard  of 
Clarence  whiche  taried  at  Beauford  was  enformed  of  the  numbre  of  the  Frenchmen,  wherfore 
he  with  all  the  Archers  made  hast  to  succor  the  Duke,  but  they  came  to  late,  for  the  French- 
men, hearyng  of  the  approchyng  of  the  Archers  fled  with  their  prisoners  with  all  the  hast  they 
could,  leuyng  behynde  theim  the  bodie  of  thesaid  duke  and  the  ded  carions.     When  the  ar- 
chers came  and  sawe  their  enemies  gone :  Lorde  howe  they  mourned  &  lamented  the  euell 
chance  of  the  deceiued  duke,  but  seyng  no  remedy,  thei  tooke  the  ded  bodies  and  buried 
theim  all  sauyng  the  dukes  corps,  whiche  with  great  solempnitie  was  sent  into  Englande  and 
buried  at  Canterbury  beside  his  father.     After  this  the  Englishemen  brente  and  spoyled  the 
countrie  of  Mayne  and  so  returned  to  Alaunson  and  there  departed  euery  man  to  his  Garrison. 
This  battail  was  fought  at  Bawgy  in  Aniow  on  Easter  euen  in  the  yere  of  our  Lorde  a  thou- 
sande.  CCCC.  xxij. 

I  lament  the  foly  and  foolishenes  of  this  duke  and  I  maruell  at  his  vnwitty  doyng  and 
rashe  enterprise,  that  he  would  aducnture  his  life  and  hazard  his  compaignie  leuyng  be- 
hynde hym  the  Archers  whiche  should  haue  been  his  shilde  and  defence :  What  maie  be 
said,  he  desired  honor  and  loste  his  life,  he  coueted  victory  and  was  ouercome,  thus  is  the 
old  prouerbe  verified  which  saieth  :  If  shepe  ronne  wilfully  emongest  Wolues  they  shall  lese 
ether  life  or  fell. 

KYNG  Henry  beyng  aduertised  of  this  infortunate  chance  and  deceatfull  losse  of  his 
louyng  brother,  sent  without  delaie  Edmond  erle  of  Mortaigne  and  brother  to  therle 
of  Somerset  into  Normandy,  geuyng  to  hym  like  authoritee  &  preheminence  as  his  bro- 
ther the  late  deceassed  duke  of  Clarence  had  or  enioyed.  After  that  he  called  his  highe 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  107 

courte  of  Parliamente,  in  the  which  he  declared  so  wisely,  so  seriously  and  with  so  greate 
a  grauitie  the  actes  that  wer  done  in  the  real  me  of  Frauce,  the  estate  of  the  tyme  presente 
and  what  thynges  wer  necessary  for  the  tyme  to  come  (if  they  would  looke  to  haue  that 
lewell  and  high  kyngdo  for  the  whiche  they  had  so  long  laboured  and  sought  for)  that  the 
comonaltie  gladly  graunted  a  fiftene,  and  the  Clergy  beniuolently  offred  adoble,  and 
because  no  delay  should  be  in  the  kynges  affaires  for  lacke  of  paiment,  the  bishoppe  of 
Winchester  his  vncle  lent  to  hym.  xx.  M.  pounde,  to  be  receiued  of  the  same  dismes.  When 
all  thynges  necessary  for  this  voyage  wer  ready  and  prepared,  he  sent  his  brother  Ihon  duke 
of  Bedford  with  all  his  armie  (whiche  the  Frenchmen  write  to  be.  iiii.  M.  men  of  Armes 
and.  xx.  M.  Archers  and  other)  before  hym  to  Caleis.  And  he  himself  shortly  after  in  the 
middle  of  May  passed  the  seas  and  arriued  there  in  greate  triuphe,  where  to  hym  was 
shewed  that  the  Dolphyn  with.  vii.  M.  men  had  besieged  the  toune  of  Chartiers  whiche  was 
manfully  defended  by  the  Bastarde  of  Thyan  and  other  set  and  apoynted  there  by  the 
duke  of  Excester.  Kyng  Henry  not  myndyng  to  lose  so  faire  a  toune,  with  all  his  Armie  de- 
parted in  good  ordre  of  battaill  toward  Paris,  and  at  Mostreull  there  receiued  hyrn  the  duke 
of  Burgoin,  whiche  fro  that  place  attended  on  the  kyng  to  Dowast  in  Ponthiew  and  so  came 
to  Abbeuile,  and  after  the  kyng  tooke  a  toune  of  sir  laques  of  Harecort  called  la  Ferte, 
and  there  the  duke  departed  from  the  kyng  for  a  sixe  daies  prornisyng  on  his  honour  by  that 
daie  to  returne,  the  kyng  of  Englande  passed  forwarde  by  Beauuoys  Gisors,  and  from 
thence  came  to  Boys  de  Vincens  where  he  founde  the  Frenche  kyng  and  his  Quene,  whom 
he  louyngly  saluted  and  they  him  again  honorably  receiued  and  highly  feasted,  and  thel'her 
came  accordyng  to  his  appoyntment  Philip  duke  of  Burgoyn,  where  was  daily  consultyng 
and  he  wisely  deuisyng  howe  to  subdue  and  represse  the  haultnes  and  force  of  the  Dol- 
phyn, hauyng  perfight  knowledge  that  as  long  as  he  ether  liued  or  wandered  vnbrideled  so 
long  should  neuer  the  treaty  and  finall  peace  be  obserued,  wherefore  he  and  the  duke  of 
Burgoyn  apoynted  in  all  the  haste  to  fight  with  the  Dolphyn  and  to  reise  the  siege  before 
Charters.  The  kyng  of  Englande  with  all  his  puyssaunce  came  to  the  toune  of  Naunte, 
and  thether  repaired  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  with.  iiii.  M.  men,  of  whose  commyng  the  king 
was  not  a  litle  reioysed,.  but  or  they  from  thence  departed,  they  had  knowledge  arid  true 
instruccion  that  the  Dolphyn  heryng  of  the  puissant  army  of  the  kyng,  approchyng  to  geue 
hym  battail,  was  reculed  with  his  people  toward  Towers  in  Towrayne.  Wherfore  the  kyng 
of  England  incontinent,  not  onely  sent  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  into  Picardy  to  resist  the 
malice  of  sir  laques  Harcort  whiche  daily  inferred  war  and  caused  wast  &  destruccio  in 
the  same  coutrie,  but  also  apointed  lames  kyng  of  Scottes  to  lay  siege  to  the  toune  of 
Driex,  whiche  so  sore  by  sworde  and  engins  enforced  the  inhabitantes  that  after  sixe  wekes 
passed,  they  deliuered  thesame  to  the  kyng  of  Scottes,  to  the  behofe  of  kyng  Henry  his 
souereigne  Lorde  whiche  made  there  of  capitain  the  erle  of  Worcester  and  baily  there,  sir 
Henry  Mortimer.  The  king  himself  remoued  from  Naut  and  passed  ouer  the  riuer  of 
Leyre,  folowyng  the  Dolphyn  toward  Tours:  but  he  mistrustyng  his  power  and  puttyng  dif- 
fidece  in  some  of  his  owne  flocke  fled  to  Burges  in  Berrie,  and  chosyng  that  place  as  his 
chiefe  refuge  and  surest  fortresse  bothe  for  the  situacion  of  the  place  and  also  for  the  fideli- 
tie  and  constancie  of  the  people,  determined  there  to  tary  till  fortune  would  turne  her  whele 
and  loke  on  hym  with  some  gracious  looke  or  louyng  countenaunce,  and  therfore  in  a  lest 
he  was  comonly  called  the  kyng  of  Burges  and  of  Berries.  The  kyng  of  England  with  all 
his  puissance  so  fast  folowed  the  fliyng  Dolphyn,  that  vitail  began  to  faile,  and  horssemen 
waxed  scante:  so  that  he  consideryng  that  Burges  beeyng  the  Dolphyns  onely  succoure  and 
refuge,  beeyng  well  vitailed  and  well  manned  was  more  profitable  and  auailable  to  the  de- 
fender, then  to  hym  that  should  make  the  assaute,  wherfore  he  willyng  to  sane  his  people 
from  famyne  whom  he  knewe  to  be  from  the  dente  of  the  Frenche  sworde  clerely  exempt 
and  vntouched,  returned  ouer  the  riuer  of  Leyre  and  gat  Gasconeis  vpon  Youne,  and  a 
toune  called  the  kynges  Newe  toune,  and  diuerse  other  whose  names  nowe  to  reherce  were 
more  tedious  then  pleasaunt.  But  he  seyng  the  toune  of  Meaux  in  Brye  not  to  bee  a  toune 

P2  re- 

108  THE.  X.  YERE  OF 

replenished  with  enemies,  in  the  middest  of  his  new  gotten  subiectes  determined  to  take 
away  the  open  scruple  whiche  might  poyson  and  infecte  the  membres  dwellyng  hard  by, 
wherfore  he  with  these  nobles  folowyng  besieged  the  said  citeeof  Meaux. 

Therle  of  Worcester.  The  Lorde  Ferreis  of  Chartley. 

Therle  of  Yury.  Tlie  Lorde  Botreux. 

Therle  of  Bravon.  The  Lorde  Clynton. 

The  Lorde  Clifford.  The  Lorde  Harryngton. 

The  Lorde  Forniuall.  The  Lorde  Willoughby. 

The  Lorde  Louell.  .  The  Lorde  Fitzhewe,  the  kynges  Cham- 

The  Lorde  Awdely.  berlaine. 

The  Lorde  Seynt  Mawre.  Sir  Ihon  Germayne. 

The  Lorde  Deyncort.  Sir  Ihon  Fastolffe. 

The  Lorde  Zouche.  Sir  Lewes  Robsert. 

The  Lorde  Morley.  Sir  Willyam  Gascoyn. 

The  Lorde  Fanhope  and  his  sonne  whiche         Sir  Robert  Harlyng. 

died  there.  Sir  Willia  Philip  &  diuerse  other. 

THIS  toune  was  no  lesse  vitailed  then  manned,  and  no  better  manned  then  fortified,  so 
that  the  kyng  of  Englande  could  nether  haue  it  to  hym  deliuered  at  his  pleasure,  nor  he 
could  not  gayne  it  by  assaut  without  his  greate  losse  and  detriment  Wherfore  he  determi- 
ned not  to  depart  til  he  had  ether  gained  or  subuerted  the  toune.  Duryng  this  siege  was 
borne  at  Wynsore  on  the  dale  of.  S.  Nicholas  in  Nouember  the  kynges  sonne  called  Henry, 
whose  Godfathers  were  Ihon  duke  of  Bedford  and  Henry  bishop  of  Wynchester,  and 
laquet  Duches  of  Holad  was  Godmother,  wherof  the  kyng  of  England  was  certefied  liyng 
at  this  siege  of  Meaux.  Whe  he  was  aduertised  of  this  good  fortune  and  happie  chaunce 
that  God  had  sent  him  a  sonne,  he  gaue  thankes  to  his  Creator  or  redemer  for  the  geuyng  to 
hym  so  goodly  an  ympe  which  should  succede  in  his  croune  &  scepter.  But  when  he  heard 
reported  the  place  of  his  natiuitie,  whether  he  fantasied  some  old  blind  prophesy,  or  had 
some  foreknowledge,  or  els  Judged  of  his  sones  fortune,  he  sayd  to  the  lord  Fitzheugh  his 
trusty  Chamberlein  these  wordes.  My  lorde,  I  Henry  borne  at  Monmoth  shall  small  tyme 
reigne  &  much  get,  &  Hery  borne  at  Wyndsore  shall  long  reigne  and  al  lese,  but  as  God 
will  so  be  it.  After  the  quene  of  England  was  thus  deliuered  of  her  faire  sonne  she  re- 
turned into  Fraunce  firste  to  her  husbande,  and  after  to  her  father  and  mother  where  she  was 
on  all  partes  so  honorably  receiued,  so  louyngly  entertained  and  so  highly  feasted  that  she 
appeared  to  be  no  lesse  loued  of  her  noble  husbande  then  of  her  naturall  parentes. 


xhc.  x.  DVYyng  the  tyme  of  this  siege,  sir  Oliuer  Manye  a  valiant  man  of  warre  of  the  Dol- 
phyns  part,  whiche  before  was  capitain  of  the  Castle  of  Faloys  and  yeldyng  it  by  composi*- 
cion,  sware  neuer  to  bere  Armure  against  the  kyng  of  England,  assembled  a  great  nuna- 
bre  of  men  of  warre  aswell  of  Britons  as  Frenchemen,  that  is  to  saie  :  The  lorde  Mount- 
burchicr,  the  lorde  of  Coynon,  the  lorde  of  Chastelgiron,  the  lorde  Tyntignace,  the 
lorde  Dela  Howssay  and  diuerse  other  whiche  entered  into  the  coutree  of  Constantino 
in  Normandy,  and  robbed  and  killed  the  Englishmen  where  thei  might  ether  espie  or 
take  theim  at  their  auauntage:  but  therle  of  Suffolk  keper  of  those  Marches  hearyng  of 
their  doynges,  sent  for  the  lorde  Scales,  sir  Ihon  Aston  bayly  of  Constantine,  Sir  Wil- 
lyam Halle,  t>ir  Ihon  Banaster  and  many  other  out  of  the  Garrisons  within  that  terri- 
tory, whiche  encountered  with  their  enemies  at  a  place  called  It  Parke  Leuecgue  in 
English  the  bishops  Parke,  ther  was  a  sore  and  a  long  fight,  many  a  propre  feate  of 
Armes  was  done  that  daie  and  many  a  man  was  in  that  place  ouerthrowen,  the  Englishmen 
onely  desired  victory,  and  the  Frenchmen  desired  a  safe  returne,  but  in  cdclusion  the  French- 
men beyng  not  able  to  withstand  the  charge  that  was  laied  to  them  began  to  flic,  in  which 
conflict  and  flight  wer  slain,  the  lorde  Coynon,  the  lorde  of  Castell  Giron,  and  three  hun- 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  105 

dred  other  and  there  wer  taken  prisoners,  the  lorde  Dela  Howsay  and  sir  Oliuer  Manny 
and.  Ix.  other.  The  kyng  being  aduertised  of  this  good  chance  and  happy  iorney,  sent  sir 
Oliuer  Manny  to  hym  liyng  before  Meux,  to  whom  he  saied,  faire  father  you  haue  sworne 
and  promised  vnto  vs  that  you  would  neuer  make  war  nor  beare  armure  against  vs  nor  our 
subiectes,  ye  are  an  ancient  knight  and  ought  to  haue  kept  your  faith  and  promise,  whiche 
you  haue  vntruly  and  vnhonestly  broken  and  violate,  and  yet  we  wolle  not  (although  by  the 
lawe  of  armes  we  might  lawfully  so  dooe)  put  you  to  death  but  graunt  to  you  your  life,  but 
we  wolle  sende  you  into  Englande  to  lerne  you  to  speake  Englishe,  and  so  shortly  after  he 
was  sent  to  London  where  for  very  shame  &  mere  Malyncoly  he  died  and  was  buried  in  the 
White  Friers. 

THE  Scottes  write  (beleue  theim  if  ye  will)  that  the  kyng  of  England  hearyng  that  the 
Dolphyn  had  sent  for  aide  into  Scotland  and  that  he  had  retained  theim  in  wages  (for  of 
their  owneabilitie  they  bee  nether  able  to  send  an  army  ouer  the  sea,  nor  yet  of  substaunce 
to  beare  a  continual!  warre,  for  this  all  their  owne  histories  declare  and  their  Chronicles 
make  mencion,  and  yet  the  countrie  is  not  so  poore  but  the  people  be  as  proude)  sent  one 
daie  for  lames  the  Scottishe  kyng  and  in  the  presence  of  his  cofisaill  declared  to  hym  .vhat 
humanite,  what  fauor  and  what  synguler  affection  kyng  Henry  his  father  bare  duryng  his 
naturall  life  toward  thesaid  kyng  of  Scottes:  Puttyng  hym  in  remembraunce  of  the  great 
loue  and  manifold  gratuites  which  he  himself  sithe  the  beginnyng  of  his  reigne  had  exhi- 
ted  and  shewed  to  the  same  kyng  lames,  that  neither  he  nor  his  father  had  any  thyng  neg- 
ligently omitted  whiche  ether  might  apperteigne  to  the  office  of  a  frcnd  or  to  the  dutie 
of  a  tutor  whiche  should  loue  and  cherishe  his  Orphane  or  pupile,  promisyng  hynt 
libertie  with  a  greate  rewarde  if  he  would  cause  the  Scottes  whiche  wer  adherentes  to  the 
Dolphin  to  returne  again  into  their  countree  and  natiue  region.  To  the  whiche  request  the 
kyng  of  Scottes  with  a  veryfreshe  herte  answered  saiynjr:  what  your  noble  father  hath  done 
to  me  &  what  fauor  &  benefite  I  haue  receiued  at  your  handes,  I  shall  not  nor  will  not 
when  I  maie  (I  assure  you)  forget,  and  when  my  power  shall  serue  I  shall  not  faile  to  re- 
compence  your  dooynges  with  like  kyndnes.  But  of  your  request  I  maruell  not  alitle,  first 
consideryng  that  I  am  a  prisoner  and  haue  no  possession  of  my  realme,  secodairely  that  I 
am  as  yet  nether  sworne  to  my  subiectes,  nor  they  by  no  oth  of  allegeance  are  bofid  to 
obey  my  comaundemetes:  wherfore  I  desyrc  you  no  more  to  moue  me  in  this  thyng  which 
BOW  I  canot  do,  &  yet  if  I  might  I  would  fyrst  forese  whether  it  wer  to  me  honorable  oc 
to  my  realme  honest  to  leue  our  old  frend  in  his  extreme  necessitie  without  ayd  or  cofojt. 
With  this  answer  the  kyng  of  England  was  not  cotent  (as  the  Scottes  say),  but  after  kinw- 
lames  departing  fro  his  presence,  kyng  Henry  saied,  happy  shall  they  bee  whiche  shalbe  sub- 
iectes to  suche  a  kyng  that  is  endued  with  suche  wit  and  wisedome  at  these  yongycres  of  a^e.. 

THE  kyng  of  England  liyng  styl  before  the  toune  of  Meux  in  Brye  as  you  haue  heard 
sore  bet  the  walles  with  ordinance  &  cast  dounebulwarkes  and  rampeyres  on  euery  syde  of 
the  toune,  and  sore  oppressed  them  within  the  toune,  wherof  hearyng  the  lord  of  Ofiemond, 
•with  a  copany  of  chosen  persons  set  by  the  dolphyn,  came  priuely  in  the  night  to  the  walles- 
anS  set  vp  a  ladder  and  diuers  of  his  company  mounted  vp  and  entred  into  the  toune,  and  as 
he  passed  ouer  a  plancketo  come  to  the  walles  he  fell  into  a  deepe  ditche,  the  Englishemen. 
hearyng  this  noyse  ranne  to  the  ditche  where  they  toke  the  lord  of  Ofmount  &  sle\ve  diuers- 
of  his  company  whiche  stode  at  defence.  The  capitaine  within  the  toune  perceiuymr 
that  their  succours  were  taken,  playnely  iudged  that  the  toune  could  not  long  continue, 
wherfore  they  caused  all  the  goodes  of  the  toune  to  be  conueighed  into  the  market  place, 
which  was  strong  and  well  fortefied.  The  kyng  of  England  beyng  therof  aduertised,  co- 
maunded  in  all  hast  to  geue  an  assault  to  the  toune,  whiche  was  quickly  done,  so  that  the 
toune  by  fine  force  was  within  thre  houres  taken  &  spoyled.  And  the  same  day  the  kyng, 
besieged  round  about  the  sayd  Marketplace,  and  toke  the  mylle  adioynyng  to"  the  same*? 
The  capitaines  perceiuyng  in  what  case  they  were,  fearyng  to  be  taken  by  assault,  began  to- 
treat  with  the  kyng  of  Englande,  whiche  appointed  the  earle  of  Warwike  and  the  lord  Hun- 
ger ford; 


.gerford  to  comen  with  them  &  in  conclusicion  a  treaty  was  taken,  and  so  the  toune  and  Mar- 
ketplace with  all  the  goocies,  were  deliuered  into  the  kyng  of  Englandes  handes  the.  x.  day 
<of  May,  in  the  yere  of  our  lord  M.CCCC.xxii. 

WHEN  the  deliuery  of  the  strong  toune  of  Meaux  was  puhlished  thorough  the  coun- 
trey,  al  the  tounes  and  fortresses  in  the  Isle  of  Fraunce,  in  Lannoys,  in  Brye,  and  in  Cham- 
paine  yelded  them  selues  to  the  kyng  of  England,  which  appointed  in  them  valeant  capi- 
taines  and  hardy  souldiours. 

AFTER  that  kyng  Henry  had  thus  taken  and  possessed  the  toune  of  Meaux  and  other 
fortresses  at  his  pleasure,  he  returned  againe  to  Boys  de  Vyncennes  where  he  founde  the 
French  kyng  &  the  queue  &  his  wife  which  with  all  ioye  him  receiued,  and  so  the.  xxx. 
day  of  May  beyng  the  vigile  of  Pentecost,  the.  ii.  kynges  and  the  quenes  returned  to  Paris, 
•wher  the  kyng  of  Englad  lodged  in  the  castle  of  Loure,  and  the  Frenche  kyng  in  the  house  of 
sainctPaule.  These  two  kynges  kept  great  estate  with  their  quenes  at  this  high  feast  of  Pen- 
ticost,  but  the  kyng  of  England  (as  Enguerant  both  confesseth  &  diuers  other  sayth)  kept 
such  a  glorious   estate  and  so  costly  a  court  that  he  with  his  quene  sat  at  diner  in  Paris 
richly  adorned  in  vestures  and  with  dyademes  of  gold  garnished  with  precious  stones  &  decked 
with  luelx  bothe  radiant  &  pleasant:  beside  this  his  princes  &  estates,  barons,  chief  capitaines, 
&  valiant  men  of  warre  wer  set  in  solempne  estate  plenteously  serued  and  aboundantly 
feasted,  that  the  people  of  Paris  whiche  thither  resorted  to  behold  his  magnificat  estate, 
Judged  him  to  be  more  like  an  emperor,  then  their  kyng  (which  sat  ^solitary  alone)  to  be  like 
a  duke  or  a  poore  Marques.      But  Enguerant   (as  I  sayd)  although  he  confessed  the  truth, 
yet  goeth  he  about  to  blemishe  the  glory  of  king  Henry,  allegyng  that  Englishemen  were 
feasted  and  the  Parisians  were  not  once  bid  drinke,  whiche  was  not  the  custome  of  the 
Frenche  kinges  court  in  so  solempne  and  triumphant  daies.  I  am  somwhat  sory  that  kyng  He- 
ries  seruantes  of  the  seller  made  not  master  Enguerant  drinke,  which  then  was  skoler  in  Pa- 
ris, but  I  more  lament  y  vntrue  saiyng  &  no  lesse  variable  writyng  of  so  famous  a  clerke 
whiche  to  darken  the  honor  of  kyng  Henry  hath  clearely  defased  the  princely  estate  of  his 
owne  kyng  &  soueraigne  lorde,  for  he  confesseth  that  kyng  Charles  with  his  quene  kept  a  so- 
lemne  house  within  his  court  of  saint  Paul,  to  whose  palice  no  man  in   maner  resorted, 
but  euery  French  creature  was  ioyus  to  view  and  se  the  estate  and  magnificence  of  kyna 
Henry.     If  he  haue  written  true,  then  must  this  nedes  folow  that  no  subiect  reioysyng  or 
hauyng  comfort  of  their  owne  prince  and  natural  lord  wyll  leue  him  desolate  &  alone,  and 
folowe  a  straung  potestatand  seke  relief  at  a  forein  princes  house  and  table.     If  the  French- 
men came  to  wonder  at  the  estate  of  the  kyng  of  England,  then  was  their  princes  estate 
base  and  not  worthy  to  be  regarded :  if  the  Parisiens  came  to  se  the  princely  ordre  of  his  hous- 
hold,  then  was  it  manifest  that  their  soueraigne  lord  kept  but  a  mean  family:  if  the  poore 
peisantes  came  thither  for  vitaile  and  fragmentes  it  appeareth  that  their  soueraigne  lord  had 
a  cold  kychyn:  if  they  did  not  all  drinke  in  the  kyng  of  Englandes  house,  either  they  were 
to  euil  ruled  or  to  vile  &  lothsome  to  haue  any  gentle  entertainment  in  so  honorable  a  court 
and  noble  a  family,  and  therefore  Enguerat  because  he  drankenot,  euill  reported  the  estate 
of  the  English  court  as  he  comonly  doth  in  al  other  matters. 

THE  dolphyn  knowyng  by  his  espials  wher  the  kyng  of  Englad  &  his  power  lay,  came 
with  al  his  puissance  ouer  the  riuer  of  Leyre  and  besieged  the  toune  of  Cosney  or  Conny 
and  sent  parte  of  his  arm  to  waste  and  destroye  the  confines  of  the  duchy  of  Burgoyne,  to 
the  entent  to  deuide  the  power  of  the  kyng  of  Englande  from  the  strength  and  force  of  the 
duke  of  Burgoyn,  and  as  he  purposed,  so  it  happened  for  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  with  his  pow- 
er to  set  forwarde  to  defend  his  owne  lande  &  dominion  and  wrote  to  the  kyng  of  England 
to  send  ayd  to  the  of  Cosney  or  Conney,  whiche  had  promised  to  rendre  their  toune  to  the 
dolphyn,  if  they  wer  not  rescued  by  the  kyng  of  England  within,  x.  daies.  Kyng  Henry 
hearyng  this  newes  answered  that  he  would  not  send  one  creature,  but  he  would  go  before 
him  selfe.  And  so  withal  diligence  came  to  the  toune  of  Corbel  and  so  to  Senlys,  where, 
whither  it  were  with  the  heate  of  the  ayre,  or  that  he  with  his  daily  labor  were  febled  or 

6  weakened, 

.KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  ill. 

weakened,  he  began  to  wax  sick.e,  ye  and  so  sicke  that  he  was  constrained  to  tary  and  to  send 
his  brother  the  duke  of  Bedford  to  perfonne  his  iorney  and  enterprise. 

THE  duke  like  a  valiant  capitayne  set  forwarde  to  reskue  the  toune  besieged,  wherof  hear- 
yng  the  dolphyn  with  al  his  capitaines  &  hardy  souldiours  departed  thence  into  Barrey  to  his 
great  dishonor  and  lesse  gaine,  &  so  was  the  cytie  of  Cosney  or  Coney  reskued  to  the 
great  honor  of  the  Englishe  nacion.  In  the  meane  season  kyng  Henry  wexed  sicker  and. 
sicker  and  so  was  layd  in  a  horselitter  and  conueighed  to  Boys  de  Vyncens  to  whom  shortly 
after  repaired  the  dukes  of  Bedforde  and  Gloucester  his  vncles,  and  the  erles  of  Salsbury 
and  Warwike,  who  the  kyng  louyngly  entertained  and  embrased:  and  whe  they  seyng  him. 
in  so  great  an  agony  and  excedyng  payne  began  to  wepe  and  bewaile  his  paineful  paines 
and  greuous  malady,  He  with  a  constant  inynde  without  any  outward  shewe  either  of 
sadde  countenaunce  or  sorowe  comforted  and  encouraged  them  to  be  mery  and  ioyous. 
But  when  the  crisis  of  his  sicknes  was  past  and  that  he  perceiued  that  hellh  was  ouercome 
and  had  lost  the  victory,  he  rendred  to  God  his  most  heartie  thankes,  for  that  chiefly  that 
he  called  him  out  of  this  miserable  life  at  suche  tyme  when  he  was  of  most  perfite  remem- 
braunce  bothe  towarde  God  and  the  world  and  also  in  the  time  of  his  florishyng  coquest, 
in  the  whiche  he  had  neuer  receiued  misfortune,  euil  chance,  or  spot  of  dishonor :  And1 
turning  him  self  to  his  brethren  and  other  noble  personages  sayd  to  them.  My  natural 
brethren  and  trusty  fredes,  I  se  you  lament,  I  perceiue  you  bewaile  my  death  approchyng 
and  fatall  ende  at  hand  of  the  whiche  I  am  both  glad  and  reidyce,  for  this  short  tyme  and 
smal  tract  of  my  mortal  life,  shal  be  a  testimony  of  my  strength,  a  declaracio  of  my  lus-  ' rc '"' 
tice,  and  a  settyng  furth  of  all  myne  actes  and  procedynges,  and  shall  be  the  cause  that  I 
by  death  shal  obteine  fame,  glorye  and  renoume,  and  escape  the  reprehension  of  coward-  . 
nes,  and  the  mote  of  all  infamy,  whiche  I  might  haue  chaunsed  to  falle  into  if  nature  had  j 
lenger  prolonged  my  life  or  daies:  for  it  is  commonly  sayd,  that  as  tyme  chaungeth,  condi-  ' 
cions  alter,  and  in  long  time  al  thinges  continue  not  in  one  estate.  But  as  eternitie  is  the 
triumpher  vpo  tyme,  so  do- 1  trust  after  this  short  life  to  haue  an  eternal  beyng,  and  after 
this  miserable  pilgrimage,  mine  hope  is  to  enioy  the  celestial  kyugdome,  and  to  come  to 
the  place  of  rest  and  palice  of  quietnes. 

NOWE  as  touchyng  you  (no  doubt  but  this  my  sodaine  chaunce  molesteth  your  heartes 
and  disquieteth  your  senses,  and  not  without  a  cause,  you  lament  the  calamitie  mid  mis- 
chaunce  that  is  like  to  fall  on  your  countrey  because  that  1   in  this  troublous  worlde  and 
tempestious  season  Icue  you  destitute  of  a  gouernour  and  ruler  whiche  chance  is  the  lesse 
to  be  moned  and  regarded,  because  in  all  worldly  thynges  some  thing  euer  lacketh   and 
nothing  long  endureth:  wherfore  because  the  olde  saiyng  is,  that  in  tyme  of  necessitie  wit 
and  wysedome  be  proued,  I  require  you  to  consult,  study  and  take  paine  to  come  to  the 
ende  of  the  iorney  whiche  I  in  my  tyme  haue  begon  and  entered  in,   &  chiefly  because  I 
haue  euer  loued  and  trusted  you  aboue  all  other  persons,  I  require  and  desire  you  nowe- 
to  shewe  like  loue  and  be  as  trusty  to  my  sone  that  shalbe  your  soueraigne  lord,  so  that 
•whatiioeuer  duty,  allegiance  or  fauor  for  my  liberalitie  or  kindnes    to  you  shewed,  was  to* 
me  either  of  honestie  or  ciuilitie  due  or  owyng :  let  the  same  for  rny  sake  be  extended,  shew- 
ed and  recompensed  to  mine  heyre  &  successor  litle  prince  Henry.     Some  persons  haue 
hated  the  father  &  yet  haue  loued  the  child  and  some  haue  loued  the  father  and  numbered 
the  child,  of  which  sort  I  neither  reken  nor  accompt   you,  but  this  I  say,  if  you  loue  me, 
you  ought  to  loue  my  child,  not  for  his  desert,  but  for  myne,  and  sith  now  I  shalbe  taken, 
from  you  before  satisfactio  or  recompence  made  to  me  for  my  manyfolde  goodnes  and  ample 
benefites  to  you  shewed  in  my  life  I  say  &  affirme  that  after  my  death  (excepte  you  be  noted; 
with  the  blot  of  ingratitude,   I  will  not  say  vntrueth)  you  ought  to  render  the  same  to  my 
child  your  nephue  or  kynsman,  I  pray  God  that  you  do  not  defraud  me^  of  the  good  e*- 
pectacion  that  I  haue  euer  had  of  you.     And  because  I  will  not  charge  you,  I  wyl  frendly 
exhort  you  to  bryng  vp  my  lytle  infant  in  vertuous  liuyng,  moral  doctrine,  and  prudentv 
pollicye  to  thentent  that  by  your  paine  he  may  proue  wise,  by  your,  instruction,  he  may. 


1!2  THE.  X.  YERE  OF 

prone  pollitike  and  by  your  ethicacion  he  may  be  able  to  rule  a  kingdome,  and  not  to  be 
ruled  of  other:  by  the  which  deuoier  you  shall  not  onely  do  your  dutie  to  your  prince  and 
soueraigne  lorde,  but  also  meriteand  deserue  thankes  of  your  natiuecountrey  to  the  which 
you  be  both  bound  and  obliged.  Beside  this  my  peticion  is  not  onely  to  cofort  my  most 
Herest  and  welbeloued  quene  and  espouse  now  beyng  (as  I  thinke,  the  most  dolorus  and 
pensiue  woma  liuyng)  but  also  to  loue  her  and  honor  her  as  I  haue  both  loued  and  honored 

AND  as  touching  the  estate  of  my  realmes,  Fyrst  I  c5maund  you  to  loue  and  ioyne 
-together  in  one  leage  or  concord  and  in  one  vnfained  ainitie,  kepyng  continual  peace  and 
ainitie  with  Philip  duke  of  Burgoyn.  And  neuer  make  treatie  with  Charles  that  calleth 
him  selfe  dolphyn  of  Vyen,  by  the  whiche  any  part  either  of  the  croune  of  Fraunce  or  of 
the  duchies  of  Normandy  or  Guyan  may  be  appaired  or  diminished.  Let  the  duke  of  Or- 
leance  and  the  other  princes  styl  remaync  prisoners  til  my  sone  come  to  his  lawful  age,  lest  his 
returning  home  again  may  kindle  more  fier  in  one  day  then  may  be  well  quenched  in  thre. 
If  you  thinke  it  necessary  I  would  my  brother  Vmfrey  should  be  Protector  of  England 
duryng  the  minoritie  of  my  child,  prohibiting  him  once  to  passe  out  of  the  realme.  And  my 
brother  of  Bedford  with  the  helpe  of  the  duke  of  Burgoyne  I  wyll  shall  rule  and  be  regent 
of  the  realme  of  Fraunce,  comaundyng  him  with  fyre  and  sworde  to  persecute  Charles  call- 
yng  him  selfe  dolphyn,  to  thentent  either  to  bryng  him  to  reason  &  obeysaunce,  or  to  dryue 
and  expel  him  out  of  the  realme  of  Fraunce  admonishyng  you  to  lese  no  tyme,  nor  to  spare 
ilo  cost  in  recoueryng  that  whiche  to  you  is  now  offered.  And  what  thynges  either  I  haue 
gotten  or  you  shal  obtaine,  I  charge  you  kepe  it,  I  comaund  you  to  defend  it,  and  I  desire 
you  to  norishe  it :  for  experience  teacheth  that  there  is  no  lesse  praise  to  be  geue  to  the  ke- 
per  then  to  the  getter,  for  verely  gettyng  is  a  chaunce  and  kepyng  a  wit.  Wei  I  fele  that 
cLath  draweth  neare  &  I  shal  not  long  tary,  therfore,  I  comit  my  solle  to  God,  my  loue 
to  my  frendes,  my  sinnes  to  the  deuil  and  my  body  to  the  earth. 

THE  noblemen  present  promised  to  obserue  his  preceptes  and  performe  his  desires,  but 
their  heartes  were  so  pensiue  &  replenished  with  doloure  that  one  without  wepyng  could 
not  beholdc  the  other.  Then  he  sayd  the  seuen  Psalmes  and  receiued  the  blessed  Sacra- 
ment, and  in  saying  the  Psalmes  of  the  passion  completed  his  dayes  and  ended  his  life  the 
last  day  of  August,  in  the  yere  of  our  lord.  M.CCCC.xxii. 
Thcdiscrip-  Til  IS  Henry  was  a  kynjr  whose  life  was  immaculate  &  his  liuyng  without  spot.  This  kymj 

tionotkvng  .  J,  ii  n   i  i    o         e  i-    j    •  M-L-  •  •      •  •      ° 

Hemythe.  w^s  a  prince  whom  all  men  loued  £  ot  none  disdained.    Ihis  prince  was  a  capitame  against 
*'•  whom  fortune  neuer  frowned  nor  mischance  once  spurned.     This  capitaine  was  a  shepherde 

whom  his  flocke  loued  and  louyngly  obeyed.  This  shepherd  was  such  a  Justiciary  that  no 
offece  was  vnpunished  nor  friendship  vnrewardecl.  This  iusticiary  was  so  feared,  that  all 
rebellion  was  banished  and  sedicion  suppressed,  His  vertues  were  nomore  notable  then  his 
qualities  were  worthy  of  place,  for  in  strength  and  agilitieof  bodye  fr5  his  youth  fewe  were 
to  him  coparable :  for  which  cause  in  wrestlyng,  leapyng  and  runnyng  no  man  almoste 
durst  with  him  presume,  in  castyng  of  great  yron  barres  and  heuy  stones,  he  excelled  co- 
monly  all  men.  No  coldemade  him  slouthfull, 'nor  heat  caused  him  to  loyter,  and  when  he 
most  labored  his  head  was  vncouered.  He  was  no  more  wery  of  harnesthen  of  alight  cloke. 
Hunger  and  thirst  were  not  to  him  noysome.  He  was  neuer  aferde  of  a  wounde  nor 
neuer  sorowed  for  the  paine.  He  neither  turned  his  nose  from  euill  sauoure,  nor  fro  smoke 
or  dust  he  would  not  close  his  eyes.  No  man  could  be  founde  more  temperate  in  eatyng  and 
drinkyng,  whose  diete  was  not  to  delicate,  but  rather  mete  for  men  of  warre  than  for  vir- 
gyns  Enery  honest  person  was  permitted  to  come  to  him  sittyng  at  his  mele,  and  either  secretly 
or  openly  to  declare  his  mynd  and  intent.  High  and  weightie  causes  aswel  betwene  men  of 
warre  &  other  he  wold  gladly  hear,  and  either  determined  the  him  selfe  or  comitted  the  to 
other  to  geue  sentence.  He  slept  very  lytle  and  that  onely  by  reason  of  bodely  labour  & 
vnquietncs  of  mynde,  fro  the  whiche  no  small  noyse  could  awake  him,  insomuche  that  when 
his  soukliers  either  sang  in  the  nightes  or  their  minstreles  played  that  all  the  campe  sodded  of 

1  their 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  V.  113 

their  noyse,  he  then  slept  most  solidly.  His  courage  was  so  constant  and  his  heart  so  vnnut- 
tuble  that  lie  cast  away  al  feare,  and  dread  fro  him  was  banished.  If  any  alarum  wer  made 
by  his  enemies,  he  was  fyrst  in  arm n re  and  the  fyrst  that  would  set  forward.  In  the  time  of 
war  he  gat  knowledge,  not  onely  what  his  enemies  did,  but  what  they  sayd  and  entended,  so 
that  al  thynges  to  him  were  knowcn,  &  of  his  deuices  few  persons  before  the  thing  was  at  the 
point  to  be  done  should  he  made  priuie.  He  had  such  knowledge  in  orderyng  and  guyd- 
yng  an  armve  and  suche  a  grace  in  encouragyng  his  people,  that  the  Frenchmen  sayd  he 
could  not  be  vaquishcd  in  battel.  lie  had  suche  wit  suche  prudence  and  suche  pollicie  that  he 
neuer  enterprised  any  thyng before  he  had  fully  debated  it  and  foresene  al  the  mayne  chaunccs 
that  might  happen :  and  when  the  end  was  concluded,  he  with  all  diligence  and  courage  set  his 
purpose  forward.  Marueilcit  is  to  heare  howe  he  beyng  a  prince  of  honor,  a  prince  of  youth, 
a  prince  of  riches,  did  continually  abstain  fro  lasciuious  liuyng  &  blynd  auarice,  yea,  &  in  the 
time  of  losse  he  was  no  more  sad  then  in  the  tyme  of  victory,  which  constacy  few  men  haue 
or  can  vse:  Suche  a  stable  stornacke  had  he  and  such  a  grauitie  was  geuen  in  the  bottc-rne  of 
his  heart.  What  pollicy  he  had  in  findyng  sodaine  remedies  for  present  mischiefes,  and  what 
practice  he  vsed  in  sauyng  him  selfe  and  his  people  in  sodaine  distresses  excepte  by  his  actes 
they  did  plainly  appeare,  I  thinke  it  were  almost  a  thyng  incredible.  What  should  I  speakc 
of  his  bountefulnes  and  liberalitie  no  man  could  be  more  gentle,  more  liberal  nor  more  free 
in  geuyng  rewardes  to  al  persones  according  to  their  desertes:  Saiyng  that  he  had  leuer  dye 
the  to  be  subiect  to  au^-ice,  and  that  he  neuer  desired  to  haue  money  to  kepe,  but  to  geue 
and  spend.  He  was  mercyful  to  offenders,  charitable  to  the  nedy,  indifferent  to  al  men, 
faithful  to  his  fredes,  and  fierce  to  his  enemies,  toward  God  most  deuout,  toward  the  world 
moderate,  and  to  his  realme  a  very  father.  What  should  I  say,  he  was  the  blasyng  comete  ' 
and  apparent  lanterne  in  his  daies,  he  was  the  mirror  of  Christendome  &  the  glory  of  his 
conntrey,  he  was  the  floure  of  kynges  passed,  and  a  glasse  to  them  that  should  succede.  No 
Emperor  in  magnanimitie  euer  him  excelled.  No  potentate  was  more  piteous  nor  lordc  more 
bounteous.  No  prince  had  lesse  of  this  subiectes  and  neuer  kyng  coquered  more  :  whose  lame 
by  his  death  as  liuely  florisheth  as  his  actes  in  his  life  wer  sene  and  rcmembred.  When  his  death 
•was  published  among  the  comen  people,  incotinet  their  heartes  wer  appaulled  and  their  cou- 
rages abated,  their  dolor  so  tnuche  encreased  &  their  wittes  were  so  muche  troubled  that  they 
like  mad  men  rent  their  garmentes  and  tare  their  heere,  accusyng  and  blamyng  fortune  which 
had  taken  away  from  them  so  precious  aiewel,  so  noble  an  ornament  &  so  sure  a  defence:  for 
no  doubt  as  much  hope  as  was  taken  awaye  fro  the  Englishmen,  for  the  gettyng  of  Fraunce  by 
his  sodain  death,  so  much  trust  was  encreased  in  the  stomackes  of  the  Frenche  nacion,  hopyng 
to  recouer  their  aucientlibertieahd  old  parentage.  For  whiche  cause  some  say  that  he  was 
poysoned,  the  Scottes  write  that  he  died  of  the  disease  of  s.  Fiacre,  whiche  is  a  palsey  &  a 
crape.  Enguerant  sayeth  that  he  died  of  S.  Anthonies  Fier,  but  al  these  be  but  fables  as 
many  mo  write.  For  Peter  Basset  esquire  which  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  hisrhriberlaiu 
affirmeth  that  he  died  of  a  Plurisis  whiche  at  that  tyme  was  so  rare  a  sickenes  and  so  straug  a 
disease  that  the  name  was  to  the  most  part  of  men  vnknowen  &  phisicions  wer  acquainted  as 
lytle  with  any  remedy  for  the  same,  and  therfore  euery  ma  iudged  as  he  thought,  and  named 
a  sickenes  that  he  knew,  shotyng  not  nere  the  pricke  nor  vnderstandyng  the  nature  of  the- 
-  disease.  This  kyng  reigned,  ix.  yeres.  v.  moncthes  and.  xxiii.  dayes  &  lined  not  ful.  xxxviii. 
yeres :  he  was  of  stature  more  then  the  comen  sort,  of  body  lene,  wel  mebred  &  strogly 
made  a  face  beautiful  somwhat  long  necked,  black  heered,  stout  of  stomake,  eloquent  of 
tong,  in  rnarcial  affaires  a  very  doctor,  &  of  al  chiualry  the  very  Paragone,  His  body  was 
enbautned  &  closed  in  lede  &  layde  in  a  charet  royal  richely  apparelled  with  cloth  of  gold, 
vpon  the  corps  was  layd  a  representacion  of  his  person  adorned  with  robes,  diademe,  scep- 
ter &  bal  like  a  kyng,  the  which  charet  was  drawe  with.  vi.  horses  richely  trapped  with  se- 
ueral  armes,  the  fyrst  with  the  armes  of  S.  George,  the.  ii.  with  tharmes  of  Normandy,  the. 
iii.  with  the  armes  of  kyng  Arthur,  the.  iiii.  with  the  armes  of  S.  Edward,  the  fift  with  the 
armes  of  Fraimce  enely,  and  the  sixt  with  the  armes  cf  England  and  Fraunce,  On  this  Charet 

Q  gaue 

114  THE.  I.  YERE  OF 

gaue  attendance  lames  kyng  of  Scottesthe  principal  morner,  the  duke  of  Exceter  Thomas  his 
vncle,  therle  of  Warwike  Richard,  therle  of  Marche  Edmond,  therle  of  Stafford  Humfrey,  the 
earle  of  Mortaine  EdmondeBeauft'ord,  the  lord  Fitzhugh  Henry,  the  lord  Hungerford  Water, 
sir  Lewes  Robsert  Burchier,  sir  Ihon  Cornewale  lord  Fahope,  and  the  lord  Crumwel  wer  the 
other  morners.  The  lord  Louel,  the  lord  Audcly,  the  lord  Morly,  the  lord  Souche  bars  the 
baners  of  sainctesand  the  Baron  of  Dudley  bare  the  standerd&c  therle  of  Longuile  bare  the  baner. 
The  Hatchementes  \ver  borne  onely  by  capitaines  to  the  nobre  of.  xii.  and  roud  about  the 
charet  rode.  CCCCC.  me  of  armes  al  in  blacke  harnes  £  their  horses  barded  blacke  with 
the  but  of  their  speres  vpward.  The  coduit  &  ordre  of  al  this  dolorous  dole  was  comaiided 
to  sir  Willia.  Philip  treasorer  of  the  kynges  houshold  and  to  sir  Wyllia  Porter  his  chief  car- 
uer  and  other.  Beside  this,  on  euery  syde  of  the  charet  went.  CCC,  persons  holdyng  long 
torches,  and  lordes  bearyng  baners,  banerols  &  penons.  With  this  funeral  pompe  he  was 
conueighcd  from  Boys  de  Vyncens  to  Paris  and  so  to  Roan,  to  Abbeuile,  to  Caleys,  to  Do- 
ucr  and  so  thorough  London  to  Westminster,  where  he  was  buried  with  suche  solernpne  ce- 
remonies, suche  mournyng  of  lordes,  such  praier  of  priestes,  suche  lamentyng  of  com- 
mons as  neuer  was  before  that  day  sene  in  the  realme  of  Englande. 

Shortly  after  this  solempnitie,  his  sorowful  quene  returned  into  England  and  kept  her  es- 
tate with  the  yong  kyng  her  sone.  Thus  ended  this  noble  and  puissant  prince  his  most  noble 
&  fortunate  reigne  ouer  the  realme  of  England:  whose  life  although  cruel  Atropos  before  his 
tyme  abbreuiated,  yet  neither  fyre,  rust,  nor  frettyng  tynne  shal  amongest  Englishmen  ether 
appall  his  honoure  or  obliterate  his  glorye  whiche  in  so  fewe  yeres  and  brief  dayes  achiued  so 
bighaduentures  and  made  so  great  a  conquest. 

If  The  ende  of  the  victorious  actes  of  kyng  Henry  the  fift. 


The,i.y€K.  TTVEath  the  determinate  end  of  mannesh'fe,  and  of  all  yearthly  thynges  the  finall  poynfr 
JLJ  and  pricke,  whiche  fauoureth  nether  Emperour  nor  spareth  kyng,  but  at  his  plesure 
confoundeth  riche  and  slaieth  poore,  rnbodiyng  the  solle  of  this  godly  prince  this  marcial 
capitain  and  renoumed  flower,  not  onely  dismaied  and  appalled  the  hertes  and  corages  of 
the  Englishe  nacion,  but  also  pufte  vp  and  encoraged  the  myndes  and  stomackes  of  the 
Dolphyn  and  his  proude  people:  The  one  parte  thynkyng,  the  kepyng  of  Normandy  and 
other  dominions  to  hym  gayned  to  bee  v«ry  dangerus,  The  other  part  trustyng  the  farther 
coquest  in  Frauce  not  onely  to  be  doubtful),  but  to  their  iudgementes  apparantly  impos- 
sible :  Yet  the  politike  Princes  and  sage  Magestrates  of  the  realme  of  England  well  remem- 
bryng  thynges  that  vver  passed,  and  sagely  ponderyng  the  tyme  present,  but  moste  of  all 
prudently  iorseyng  chaunces  iminent  and  perels  at  hand,  to  thentent  to  set  the  membres  of 
the  body  stedfast  vnder  the  hedde,  -Whiche  as  shepe  without  a  sheperd  far  from  the  folde 
might  wandre  and  straie  at  large,  caused  yong  prince  Henry,  the  sole  orphane  of  his  noble 
parent  kyng  Henry  the  fifth,  beyng  of  the  age  of.  ix.  moaethes  o»  there  about  with  the 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  115 

f*-  *•' 

sound  of  trumpettes  openly  to  be  proclaimed  kyng  of  Englande  and  of  Fraunce  the.  xxx. 
daie  of  August,  in  the  yere  of  our  lorde.  M.  cccc.  xxii.  by  the  name  of  kyng  Ilcry  the 
sixt,  to  the  great  reioysyng  and  comfort  of  all  the  Englishe  nacion. 

AND  the  custody  of  this  young  prince  was  apoyncted  to  Thomas  duke  of  Excester,  and 
to  Henry  Beaufforcl  bishopp  of  Wynchester:  the  duke  of  Bedford  was  deputed  to  be  Re- 
gent of  Fraunce,  and  the  duke  of  Gloucester  was  assigned  Protector  of  Englande.  Whiche 
takyng  vpon  hym  that  office,  least  paraduenture  he  might  herafler  repent  his  actes  and 
doynges,  as  a  man  remembryng  other  and  forgettyng  hymself,  called  to  hym  wise  andgraue 
counsailers,  by  whose  aduise  he  prouided  and  ordeined  for  all  thynges  whiche  ether  re- 
dounded to  the  honor  of  the  realme,  or  seined  profitable  to  the  publique  welth  of  the  same. 
And  when  he  had  set  in  an  ordre  al  matters  concernyng  the  inward  affaires  of  the  realme 
of  Englande,  he  prouided  farther  all  thynges  necessary  and  conuenicnt  for  war  re  and  far- 
ther conquest  in  Fraunce,  and  appoyncted  valiant  £  expert  capitaines  whiche  should  be 
ready  when  oportunitie  of  tyme  required.  Beside  this,  he  gathered  great  somes  of  money 
to  maintein  the  men  of  warre,  and  left  nothyng  forgotten  that  might  let  or  hynder  his  pur- 
posed enterprise. 

WHILE  these  thynges  were  thus  deuised  within  the  realme  of  Englande,  the  duke  of 
Bedforde  Regent  of  Fraunce,  no  Icsse  studied  then  toke  payne,  not  onely  to  kepe  and  or- 
dre the  countrees  and  regions  by  kyng  Henry  late  coquered  and  gained,  but  also  deter- 
mined not  to  leue  of  from  daily  warre  and  continuall  trauaille  till  the  tyme  that  Charles  the 
Dolphyn  (whiche  was  now  a  flote,  because  kyng  Charles  his  father  in  the  moneth  of  Octobre 
this  present  yere,  was  departed  to  God,)  wer  ether  subdued  or  brought  to  dewe  obeysance. 
And  surely  the  deth  of  this  kyng  Charles  caused  many  alterations  &  chaunges  in  the  realme 
of  Fraunce,  fora  greate  parte  of  the  nobilitee  whiche  ether  for  feare  of  the  puissance  of  the 
Englishemen,  or  for  to  please  and  folowe  the  mynde  and  appetite  of  Charles  the  Frenche 
kyng,  toke  parte  with  kyng  Henry  against  the  Dolphyn:  Heryng  now  of  the  French  kynges 
death,  returned  from  the  English  part  and  adioyned  themsclfes  to  the  companie  of  the  Dol- 
phyn, and  diligently  studied  how  to  vanquishe  and  dryue  awaie  the  Englishe  nacion  out  of 
the  territory  of  Fraunce. 

THE  Duke  of  Bedford  beeyng  greatly  moued  with  these  sodaine  chaunges,  fortified  his 
tonnes  bothe  with  Garrisons  and  municions,  and  assembled  together  a  great  armie  bothe  of 
Englishmen  and  Normans,  to  whom  he  made  a  long  oracion,  admonishyng  them  to  obserue 
and  kepe  their  othe  &  faith  (whiche  thei  had  made  to  the  late  kyng  Henry  and  his  heires) 
inuiolatc  and  vnbroken,  willyng  them  in  no  wise  to  be  the  occasioners  or  counsaiiers  that 
young  kyng  Henry  should  be  depriued  from  his  fathers  lawful  inheritance,  by  the  hatred  of 
certayne  traitors  Frenchemen  which  had  renewed  the  old  hatred  byyng  of  late  extinct  betwene 
the  realmes  of  Englande  and  of  Fraunce,  and  studied  to  set  all  thynges  again  in  a  broylc: 
requiryng  them  also  to  call  to  their  memory  how  that  the  realmes  of  Englande  and  of 
Fraunce,  thetwoo  moste  famous  regios  of  all  Europe,  by  the  benifite  of  almightie  God,  wer 
of  late  so  vnited  connexed  &  ioyned  together  in  an  eternall  league  and  composicion,  and  .so 
strogly  established  that  no  worldly  power  wer  able  or  of  puissaunce  sufficient,  to  resist  or 
withstande  the  malice  of  the  same:  And  although  sometymes  by  chauncc  of  warre  the  losse 
n)ighte  turne  on  their  part,  yet  in  conclusion  the  detriment  should  be  recouered  and  a  sur- 
plusage gayned.  And  if  (according  to  their  bounden  duties)  they  would  honor  seruo  and 
loue  young  kyng  Henry  their  soneraigne  lorde,  and  would  diligently  persecute  &  set  on  hi* 
enemies,  thei  should  not  onely  shewe  thcselfes  true  and  faithful'l  subiectes  to  their  true  and 
vndoubted  kyng:  But  also  should  for  their  fidelitie  and  good  seruice  receiue  of  hym  condigne 
rewardes,  ouer  and  beside  immortall  fame  and  renoune. 

THIS  exhortacion  staled  the  hertes  of  many  of  the  Frenche  capitaines,  whiche  wiilyngly 
sware  to  Kyng  Henry  feaultie  and  obedience  by  whose  example  the  comonaltie  did  thesame. 
Thus  all  the  people  set  in  an  ordre  in  the  realrne  of  Fraunce,  nothyng  was  rnynded  but 
warre  and  nothyng  was  spoken  of  but  of  conquest.  The  Dolphyn  whiche  lay  at  this  tyme  in 

Q  2  tint 

116'  THE.  II.  YERE  OF 

the  citee  of  Poytiers  heryng  of  the  death  of  his  parent  had  his  herte  mixed  bothe  with  ioye 
and  sorowe:  for  notwithstandyng  that  he  was  sorowfull  as  a  naturall  child  which  lamented 
the  death  of  his  father,  yet  he  wasioyous  that  power  &  princely  estate  was  now  to  hyin  hap- 
pened by  the  whiche  he  iudged  that  he  should  be  the  nflore  able  to  defend  his  enemies  and  re- 
couer  more  frendes:  £  socallyng  together  the  Princes  of  his  faccion,  caused  hymself  to  bee 
proclamed  Kyng  of  France  by  the  name  of  Charles  the.  vij.  And  the  beyng  in  good  hope  of 
recoueryng  his  patrimony  &  expellyng  his  emnies,  with  a  haut  corage  prepared  war  &  as- 
sembled together  a  great  armie,  and  first  the  war  began  by  light  skirmishes,  but  after  it  pro- 
ceded  into  main  battailes. 

THE  Dolphyn  thynkyng  not  to  make  long  delayes  in  so  greate  a  cause,  lest  the  power  of 
his  enemies  might  daily  be  augmented,  sent  the  lorcle  Grauile  to  the  toune  of  Fount  Me- 
lance  stadyng  on  the  riuer  of  Seyne,  whiche  so  sodainiy  came,  to  thcsame  that  he  was  on  the 
walles  or  the  souldiors  within  heard  of  his  approche,  and  so  he  toke  the  toune  and  si  ewe  a 
greate  nombre  of  the  Englishe  souldiors.  When  the  Reget  of  Fraunce  was  aduertised  of 
this  sodain  enterprise,  he  apoyncted  the  Lorde  Thomas  Montaculc  erle  of  Salisbury,  a 
nmnne  bothe  for  his  greate  pollicie  and  haute  corage  more  to  be  compared  to  the  old  valiant 
Romans  then  to  men  of  his  daies,  accoropaignied  with  the  erle  of  Suffolke,  the  lorde  Scales, 
the  yong  lorde  Pounynges,  sir  Ihon  Fastolffe  master  of  the  houshold  with  thesaid  lorde  Re- 
gent, and  diuerse  other  to  besiege  the  toune  of  Pont  Melance,  which  after  two  monetheswas 
rendered  to  thesaid  erle,  and  the  lorde  of  Grauile  sware  to  be  trew  to  the  Kyng  of  Englandc 
euer  after  that  dale,  but  shortly  after  he  forgettyng  his  othe  returned  to  his  old  master  again. 
The  erle  of  Salisbury  apoynted  sir  Henry  Mortimer  and  sir  Richard  Vernoti  to  be  capitaines 
of  that  toune.  And  from  thence  departed  into  Champaignie  and  ther  besieged  the  toune  of 
Sens  and  toke  sir  Guillam  Maryn  the  capitain  and  slewe  all  the  souldiors  within  the  toune, 
and  made  there  capitains  sir  Hugh  Geddyng  and  sir  Richard  awbemond. 

THE  Parisians  whiche  euer  like  the  Wethercockebe  variable  and  inconstant,  perceiuyng 
that  the  Dolphyn  daily  began  to  haue  more  aide  and  power  then  he  was  before  accustomed, 
trustyng  to  returne  again  vnder  his  obeysance  and  subieccio  (whiche  they  bothe  wished  and 
desired)  to  the1  intent  that  it  should  not  apere  to  come  of  their  desire  and  that  their  faith  and 
fidelite  should  not  be  put  in  the  balance  of  diffidence  with  the  Englishe  nacion,  sent  diuerse 
Senators  of  their  citee  as  Ambassadors  to  the  kyng  of  Englad,  desiryng  hym  of  aide  and  suc- 
cor, to  whom  not  onely  greate  thankes  were  rendered  for  dooyng  their  dutie  of  subieccio,  but 
also  hi«h  feastes  wer  made,  and  promises  declared  that  if  they  stil  continued  in  clue  obeysance, 
and  wcr  not  adherent  to  the  kyngss  enemies,  y  neither  succour  should  want,  nor  cost  should 
be  spared  for  their  comencofort  and  publike  vtilite.  With  whiche  answer  the  copaigny  out- 
wardly pleased  (whatsoeuer  they  inwardly  imagined)  departed  to  Paris.  In  this  season 
Humfrey  duke  of  Gloucester  either  blynded  with  ambicion  or  dotyng  for  loue,  married  the 
lady  laquet  or  lacomin  doughter  and  sole  heire  to  William  of  1/atiier  duke  of  Holland, 
which  was  lawfnll  wife  to  Ihon  duke  of  Brabant  then  liuyng,  whiche  mariage  was  not  onely 
woundered  at  of  the  comon  people,  but  also  detested  of  the  nobilite,  £  abhorred  of  the 
Clergie.  But  suerly  the  swete  last,  of  this  pleasant  mariage,  brought  after  a  sower  saucev 
bothe  to  the  amorous  housbande,  and  to  the  wanton  wife.  For  Ihon  duke  of  Brabant, 
what  with  force,  and  what  with  spirituall  compulsaries,  neuer  left  of,  till  he  had  recouered 
his  Lady  out  of  the  Duke  of  Gloucesters  possession,  as  after  you  shall  here. 


The.  n.          THese  chauces  thus  happenyng  as  you  haue  heard,  Ihon  duke  of  Bedford,  Philip  duke 

yere>          of  Burgoyn,  £  Ihon  duke  of  Britayn,  made  an  assemble  £  frendly  enteruiewe  in  the  citee 

of  Avnias,  where  they  renewed  the  olde  league  and  auncient  amitie  made  betwene  the  noble 

prince  kyng  Hery  the  fifth,  and  them,  before  concluded:  addyng  tlierto  these  codicious  and 

agrementes,  eche  of  them  to  be  to  other  bothe  1'rend  and  aider,  and  the  enemy  of  the  one 


KYNG   HENRY  THE.  VI.  117 

to  bee  enemy  to  the  other,  and  a!l  they  to  bee  bothe  frendes  and  aiders  to  the  kyng  of  En- 
glande,  and  well  wyllyng  to  his  wehvillers,  and  auengers  of  his  aduersaries.  And  because 
that  affinitie  is  an  em  bracer  of  amitie,  there  was  concluded  a  mariage  betwcne  the  duke  of 
Bedford  and  the  lady  Anne  sister  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyn.  When  tiiese  agrementes  wer  fi- 
nished, the  Regent  departed  to  Troys  in  Chapain,  whether  with  high  pompe  was  conueighcd 
the  lady  Anne  of  Burgoyn,  whicbe  in  the  presence  of  her  brother  and  her  Vncle  duke  of 
Brabant,  and  of  therles  of  Salisbury  and  Suffolk'e,  and  of.  ix.C.  Lordcs  knightes  and 
esquires,  she  was  maried  to  Ihon  duke  of  Bedford  with  suche  solempnitie,  feste  and  triiiphe, 
as  before  that  tyrne  had  not  been  seen  of  the  Burgonions. 

DVRYNG  this  triumphe,  the  Parisias  thin  kyng  to  blind  the  iyes  of  the  duke  of  Bedford 
wrote  to  hym,  how  diuerse  Castles  &  fortresses  liyng  rounde  about  their  territory,  wer  re- 
plenished with  his  enemies,  daily  stoppyng  their  passages,  and  robbyng  their  marchantes,  to 
their  vtter  vndoyng,  if  they  by  his  helpe  wer  not  relieued:  fraudulently  meanyng,  and  falsely 
entisyng  hym  to  absent  hymself  from  theim,  till  their  craftie  conueighed  purpose  wer  compassed 
and  achiued.  For  diuerse  of  them  stubbernly  bcryng  the  yoke  and  subieccion  of  the  En- 
glish nacion  perceiuyng  the  duke  of  Bedforde  and  the  principal!  capitaines  of  the  Englishmen 
to  be  farre  from  Paris,  emploiyng  themselfes  to  ioy  and  solace  for  the  honor  of  this  high  ma- 
riage, conspired  to  bryng  into  the  citee  Charles  the  Dolphyn  callyng  hymself  Frenche  kyng1, 
duryng  the  tyme  of  his  absence.  And  to  thentent  that  their  inueted  purpose  should  succede, 
they  therof  aduertised  the  Dolphyn  and  his  counsaill  appoyntyng  the  daie  of  his  comyng 
and  the  post  of  his  entre.  But  no  treason  is  commonly  hiclen  nor  no  sedicion  long  vnreueled, 
for  Pies  will  chatter  and  Mice  will  pepe,  but  by  whom  I  cannot  declare:  The  Regente  was 
informed  of  all  the  secrete  confederacy  and  sedicious  faccio,  wherfore  he  meanyng  not  to 
lose  in  short  tyme,  that  whiche  in  no  small  space  was  gaynedj  put  epurres  to  the  horsse,  and 
n-ith  a  great  power  entred  into  Paris  one  daie  before  the  faire  was  appoinced,  and  two 
nightes  before  the  iokyng  for  of  his  enemies,  who  boyng  vnprouided  he  sodainly  caused  to 
be  apprehended  and  taken,  and  openly  put  to  execution.  After  this  Jeopardy  thus  escaped, 
he  putle  diffidence  in  all  the  Parisians  trustyng  litle  the  nobles  and  geuyng  lesse  crtditc  to  the 
comons,  determined  to  fortific  the  Garrisons  of  his  owne  nacion  and  all  the  Castles  nere 
and  adioyning  to  the  citee,  whiche  within  small  tyme  were  habundauntly  furnished.  And  to 
auoyde  all  nighte  watchers  adioynyng  to  Paris  and  the  confines  of  thesame,  he  first  toko 
into  his  possession  ether  by  as?aule  or  cornposicion  the  toune  of  Traynel  and  Bray  vpon 
Seyne,  and  because  two  Castles  the  one  called  Pacy  and  the  other  called  Cursay  were  also 
euill  neighbors  to  the  Parisians,  he  sent  sir  Ihon  Fastolffe  great  Master  of  his  houshold, 
with  a  notable  army  to  besiege  the  Castle  of  Pacy,  whiche  takyng  vpon  him  that  enterprise 
so  handled  his  enemies  that  the  capitain  named  (iuyliam  Reymon  esquire  &  all  the  garrison 
yelded  them  simply  to  his  mercy  and  discrecio  whom  he  sent  as  prisoners  to  the  citee  of  Pa- 
ris, and  after  besieged  the  Castle  of  Coursay  whiche  to  hym  was  shortly  rendered  vpon  like 
appoyntmer,  and  so  with  praie  and  prisoners  he  returned  to  the  lord  Regent  his  master.  In 
this  very  season  the  Dolphin  sent  lorde  Willyam  Sluard  Constable  of  Scotland,  and  therle 
of  Vcntadore  in  Auergnc  and  many  other  nobles  of  his  part  to  laie  siege  to  the  toune  of 
Crauat  in  the  coutie  of  Anxerre  within  thepartesof  Burgoyn,  wherof  heryng  the  lorde  Re- 
gent and  (.he  duke  of  Burgoyn  thei  assembled  a  greale  arrnie,  wherof  was  ordeined  capitaine 
the  erle  of  Salisbury,  accompanycd  with  these  valeant  parsonages. 

The  lorde  Willoughby.  Sir  Ihon  Grey. 

The  lorde  Pownynges.  Sir  Reignold  Grey. 

The  lorde  Molyns.  Sir  Ihon  Arthur. 

Sir  Thomas  R,ampston.  Sir  Henry  Bisset. 

Sir  William  Oldhaule.  Sir  William  Hey  tow. 

(  Sir  Ihon  Passheley.  Sir  Richard  Leke. 

Sir  Thomas  Flemyng.  Sir  Gilbert  Halsall. 

Sir  Edmond  Heron.  Sir  Lancelot  Lisle. 


118  THE.  II.  YERE  OF 

Thomas  Aborough.  Didon  Amore. 

William  Glasdale.  Richard  Ap  Madocke. 

Mathew  Gough.  Dauy  Loyd. 

And  of  the  Burgonions. 

The  lorde  Sent  George.  The  lorde  of  Crouy. 

The  erle  of  lonignye.  The  lorde  Lisle  Adam. 

The  erle  of  Brayne.  The  lorde  of  Pesines. 

The  lord  of  Castelyn  .Marshal  of  Bur-         The  Bastard  of  Thyan. 

goyne.  Sir  Frances  le  Arragonoys. 

The  lorde  of  Vergier  his  bastard.  Ihon  de  Gyngie. 

The  lorde  of  Chastelon. 

AND  many  other  to  the  numbre  (aswel  of  Englishemen  as  Burgonions)  of.  xv.  M.  men 
of  warre,  which  came  in  good  array  to  geue  battaill  to  the  besiegers  of  the  toune  of  Cra- 
uant,  and  because  the  liiuer  of  Youne  which  renneth  by  thesaid  toune  was  betwene  the 
Englishe  army  and  their  aduersaries,  they  could  not  wel  assaile  their  enemies  which  de- 
fended the  bankes  and  passages  very  strongly,  yet  notwithstandyng  bolhe  horsmen  at.d  fote- 
inen  of  the  Englishe  part  coragiously  put  tiiemself  into  the  riuer  and  with  fyne  force  re- 
couered  the  banke,  whom  the  Burgonions  incontinent  folowed.  When  they  wer  all  gotten 
into  the  plain,  the  Archers  shot  and  the  bilruen  strake,  &  long  was  the  fight  in  indifferent 
judgement,  but  in  conclusion  the  Frenchmen  not  able  to  resist  the  force  and  abyde  the 
puissance  of  the  English  nacion,  wer  take  ether  slain  or  discomfited,  for  in  the  morlall  bat- 
taill were  slain  and  taken  to  the  numbre  of.  viii.  M.  men,  where  of  the  names  of  the  chief 
capitaines  here  shall  apere. 

Frenchemen  slain.  Scottes  slain. 

Therle  of  Lestrake.  The  lorde  of  sent  Ihons  toune. 

Therle  of  Comygen?.  Sir  Ihon  of  Balgrarie. 

Therle  of  Tunier.  Sir  Ihon  Turnebull. 

The  iorde  Coquartde  Cameron.  Sir  Ihon  Holiburton. 

The  Bastard  of  Annynacke.  Sir  Robert  Lile. 

The  Vicont  of  Towraye.  Sir  William  Conyngham. 

The  Bastard  of  Forest.  Sir  William  Douglas. 

The  lorde  de  Port.  Sir  Alexander  Hune. 

The  lorde  Memoriicie.    And  xviii.  hun-         Sir  Willyain  Lisle, 
dred  knightes  and  esquiers  beside  co-         Sir  Ihon  Rocherforde. 
mons.  Sir  William  Cawford. 

Taken  prisoners.  Sir  Thomas  Seton. 

The  Constable  of  Scotland   whiche  lost         Sir  William  Hamolton  and  his  sonne  Ihon 

his  iye.  Pillot. 

Therle  of  Vantadore.  And.  iii.  M..  Scottes  slain. 

Sir  Alexander  Meldryne.  Of  Englishemen. 

Sir  Lewes  Ferigny.  Sir  Ihon  Grey. 

And.  xxii.  C.  gentlemen  of  the  Frenche         Sir  Wylliam  Halle, 
nacion  taken.  Sir  Gilbert  Halsel. 

Richard  ap  Madocke. 

and.  xx i.  C.  other  slaine. 

AFTER  this  fortunate  victory  obteined,  the  Englishemen  fyrst  gaue  great  laudes  and 
thankes  to  almightie  God  and  after  entered  into  the  toune  of  Crauant  muche  pi  aisyng  the 
tloynges  of  the  capitaines  and  the  fidelitie  of  the  citezens,  and  when  they  had  set  all  thynges 
in  an  ordre  they  returned  to  Paris  where  of  the  regent  they  wereioyously  receiued,  whiche 
there  constituted  therle  of  Salsbury  (as  he  was  wel  worthy)  vicegerent  and  lieftenaunt  for 
the  king  &  him  in  the  countries  of  Fraunce,  Bry  and  Chapaigne,  &  sir  Ihon  Fastolf  he 
substituted  deputie  vnder  him  in  the  duchy  of  Normady  on  this  syde  the  riuer  of  Seyne,  & 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  1 19 

with  that  he  deputed  him  gouernour  of  the  coutreys  of  Aniow  &  Mayne,  and  assigned  able 
capitaines  in  euery  holde  &  fortresse.  Therle  of  Salsbury  whichc  could  not  slepe  in  his 
great  office  of  trust,  layd  siege  to  the  toune  &  castle  of  Moutaguillon  in  Dry,  wherof  were 
capitaines  Pregent  of  Cotyny  &  Guille  Bourgoys  Britons  vvhiche  valiantly  defeded  the  castle 
by  y  space  of  v.  monethes,  but  incoclusion  the  assailantes  wer  so  fierse  that  they  within  for 
sufegard  of  their  Hues  rendred  the  hold,  &  the  capitaines  sv.-arc  neuer  to  here  armure 
against  the  Englishmen  on  this,  side  theriuer  of  Leyre:  duryng  which  siege  the  erle  of  Suf- 
folke  toke  by  force  the  castle  of  Coucy :  and  the  strong  castle  de  la  roche  he  gat  by  appoint- 
ment in  Mosconoys. 

NOWE  must  I  go  backe  to  put  you  in  memorye  howe  lames  kyng  of  Scottes  beyng  bothe 
prisoner  in  the  tyme  of  kyng  Henry  the  fourth  and  also  as  subiect  to  kyng  Henry  the  fift 
his  sone,  seruyng  him  in  his  warres  in  Fraunce  tyl  he  departed  out  of  this  transsitory  life  at 
Boys  de  Vyncens  and  so  as  chief  morner  attended  on  the  corps  of  the  sayd  deceassed  vnto 
his  burial,  and  after  at  Westminster  was  released  of  his  captiuitie  and  restored  to  hisreahne 
and  possession.  For  the  true  knowledge  therof  you  shal  vnderstande  that  Englande  de- 
maunded  a  small  raunsome  for  so  great  a  prince  as  the  Scottes  accompte  their  kyng  :  (and 
the  Scottes  were  neither  able  nor  offered  no  summe  conuenient)  wherfore  the  coiisel  of  the 
realme  of  England  grauously  pondtrsd  and  wisely  considered  that  if  by  coniunction  of 
manage,  England  and  Scotland  were  perfectly  knit  in  one,  that  the  indissoluble  band  of 
amide  betwene  the  Frenche  and  Scottishe  nations  should  be  shortly  broken  and  dissolued. 
Wherfore  the  protector  of  the  realme  of  Englad  by  the  consent  of  the  whole  baronage  of 
the  same  gaue  to  him  in  mariage  the  Lady  lane  doughler  to  Ihon  earle  of  Sommerset  des- 
ceased,  not  onely  sister  to  Ihon  then  duke  of  Sommerset  but  alsocosyn  germayne  remoued 
to  the  kyng  and  nece  to  the  cardinal  of  Wynchester  and  the  duke  of  Exceter. 

THE  kyng  of  Scottes  hauyng  great  affection  to  this  i'ayre  Lady,  but  rnuche  more  desiryng 
his  deliuerance  and  libertie,  put  in  hostages  for  the  residue  of  his  raunsome  because  a  great 
part  therof  was  deminished  and  abated  for  the  money  allowed  to  hym  for  his  mariage,  &  so 
was  deliuered  to  depart  at  his  pleasure.  Alacke,  the  olde  prouerbes  bee  to  true :  an  Ape 
although  she  bee  clothed  in  purple,  will  be  but  an  Ape,  and  a  Scotte  neuer  so  gentely  en- 
terteined  of  an  Englishe  prince  will  be  but  a  dissimulyng  Scotte.  What  kyndnes  could  be 
more  shewed  to  a  prisoner  then  to  bryng  hym  vp  in  good  litterature.  What  loue  maie  bee 
more  declared  to  a  captiue,  then  to  instructe  hym  in  marciall  feafes  and  warlike  affaires: 
What  fauor  can  be  more  ascribed  to  a  high  and  renoumed  prince,  then  to  geue  in  mariage; 
to  his  vnderlyng  and  vassall  his  cosyn  and  kinswoman  of  his  royal  parentage  lawfully  dis- 
ecnded.  All  these  kynd-nesses  suffised  not,  nor  all  these  gratuities  auailed  not  to  make  this- 
kyng  lames  frendly  to  the  realme  of  Englande.  For  he  notwithstandyng  his  homage  doen- 
to  the  young  Henry  kyng  of  Englande  and  of  Fraunce  at  his  Castle  of  Wynsore  this  pre- 
sent yere,  before  three  Dukes,  twoo  Archebishoppes,  xii.  erles.  x.  bishoppes.  xx.  barons,. 
and  twoo  hundred  knightes  and  esquires  and  mo,  accordyng  to  the  tenor  here  after  lbloyn<*. 

"  I  lames  Stuart  kyng  of  Scottes,  shalbe  true  and  faithfull  vnto  you  lorde  Henry  by  the 
grace  of  God  kyng  of  Englande  and  Fraunce  the  noble  and  superior  lorde  of  the  kyngdome 
of  Scotlande,  and  vnto  you  I  make  my  fidelitie  for  the  same  kyngdome  of  Scotlande,  whiche- 
I  holde  and  claime  to  hold  of  you,  and  I  shall  beare  you  my  faithe  and  fidelitie  of  life 
and  lymme  and  worldly  honor  against  al  men,  and  faithfully  I  shall  knowledge  and  shall 
do  to  you  seruice  due  of  the  kyngdo  of  Scotland  aforesaid.  So  God  help  me  and  these 
holy  Euangelistes." 

NETHER  regardyng,his  othe,  nor  estemyng  the  great  abundance  of  plate  and-  riche 
Clothes  of  Arras,  to  hym  by  the  mother  and  vncles  of  his  wifc  liberally  gcuen  and  frendly 
deliuered  (of  which  sorte  of  riches  fewe-or  none  before  that  daie  wer  euer  seen  in  the 
coutrey  of  Scotlande)  like  a  dogge  vvhiche  hath  cast  vp  his  stomacke  and  retnrneth  to  his 
vomet,  or  like  a  snake  whiche  after  his  engenderyng  with  a  Lampray  taketh  again  his  old; 
poyson:  After  ha  had  once  taken  the  ayre  and  snielled  the  sent  of  the  Scottishe  soyle  be- 

1  came 

loo  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

-,•'»'•  x 

came  like  his  falce  fraudulct  forfatbers,  an  vntrue  prince  and  like  his  proude  pratyng  pro- 
genitors toko  llie  y  mage  of  a  braggyng  and  bostyng  Scot,  newly  alicd  hy  nisei  f  with  the 
Frenche  nacion.  And  yet  what  soeuer  he  did,  his  nacion  botiic  write  and  testitie,  that  by 
the  learnyng  whiche  he  by  the  greate  benetke  of  the  kynges  of  Englimde  duryng  liis  cap- 
tiuitee  in  this  rcalme  had  obteigned,  replenished  his  countrey  with  good  litterature,  and  by 
tlie  nurture  the  whiche  he  was  brought  vp  in  Englnd,  he  brought  iiis  people  to  ciuilitee:  So 
That  hiscaptiuitee  was  to  his  nacion  the  greatest  hbertie  thatcucr  thei  could  haue,  dcliuering 
them  from  blyncle  ignorance  to  Angelicke  knowledge,  reducyng  theirn  from  bestiall  inaners  to 
honest  behauor,  and  in  conclusion  causyng  theim  to  knowe  vertue  fro  in.  vice,  pollicic  from 
rudenes,  and  humain  honestie  from  sauage  liuyng.  Thrs  was  the  deliueranceand  the  doynges 
of-  lames  the  fyrst  of  that  name  k'yng  of  Scottes,  whiche  neither  reigned  verye  quietly,  nor 
yet  euer  fauored  Englishemen  before  the  Frenche  people  :  sauyng  that  he  hauyng  with  him 
into  his  countrev  a  yong  gentleman  of  Northumberland  called  Andrew  Gray  (whiche  du- 
ryng his  captiuitie  was  his  companion)  promoted  him  to  the  manage  of  the  heyre  of  the 
lorde  of  Foulcs  in  Anguis,  of  the  whiche  the  lord  Gray  of  Scotland  at  this  day  do  des- 

1f  THE.  III.  YERE. 

The.  iii.  NOw  leue  I  the  doynges  of  Scotland,  and  returne  to  the  affaires  of  England.  The  duke 
y"e>  of  Gloucester  beyng  protector  and  gouernor  of  the  realme,  cosideryng  that  wood  must  be 
rninistred  to  kepe  fyre,  and  men  ought  to  be  set  to  set  forwarde  war,  called  to  him  the 
pieres  and  nobilitie  of  the  realme,  and  by  their  agrements  &  deuises,  sent  into  France  to 
the  regent  his  brother,  x.  M.  men  of  warre,  whiche  were  of  the  same  regent  in  the  coutrey 
of  Paris  louyngly  receiued,  &  according  to  their  degres  honestly  entertained.  Duryng  their 
liyng  in  Paris,  diuers  chaunces  happened  in  Fraunce,  for  euen  as  Englishmen  valiantly 
wonne,  and  victoriously  coquered  tounes  and  castles  with  open  warre  and  apparant  con- 
quest: so  the  Frenchmen  fraudulently  stale  &  couertely  obtained  diuers  fortresses  and 
holdes  appcrtainyng  to  thcnglish  faccion,  £  in  especial  the  fayre  toune  of  Compaigne,  & 
the  prety  toune  of  Crotoy. 

WHEN  the  duke  of  Bedford  was  aduertised  of  these  craftye  trickes  and  sodaine  inuent- 
ed  traines,  he  sent  furth  an  army,  fyrst  to  Compaigne,  wherof  was  capitaine  the  erle  of 
Suftblke  accompanied  with  therle  of  Liguy,  &  diuers  other  capitaines  of  the  Englishmen, 
whiche  lay  on  the  one  side  of  the  riuer  of  Sohame,  &  on  the  other  side  lave  the  lord  Lisle 
Adam,  sir  Thomas  Raupstone,  &  the  prouost  of  Paris.  The  Erechmen  beyng  strongly  fur- 
nished and  well  vitailed,  coragiously  defended  the  toune  against  the  assailates.  The  Eng- 
lishmen perceitiyng  that  Guyllifi  Remond  otherwise  called  Mariolayn,  had  bene  the  leder 
of  the  souldiers  within  the  toune,  which  before  at  Pacy  was  take  prisoner  by  sir  Ihon  Fas- 
tolf,  caused  him  to  be  sent  for  to  Paris,  and  so  brought  him  to  the  seige,  and  set  him  in  a 
chariot  with  a  halter  aboute  his  necke,  and  coueighed  him  to  the  gibbet  without  the  toune, 
sending  worde  to  the  garrison  within  the  toune,  that  if  they  would  not  without  delay  redre 
the  toune  &  fortresse,  they  would  incotinent  stragle  their  old  capitaine  and  chief  conduc- 
tor. The  souldiors  within  the  touue  perceiuyng  that  if  Guyllia  Raymond  the  onely  trust 
of  their  relefe,  and  the  aucient  frend  in  their  necessitie,  should  suffre  death,  that  then  their 
hope  of  al  ayde  were  extinguished,  £  the  sure  nutriment  of  their  liuyng  was  from  them 
secluded:  for  the  deliuerance  of  him  and  sauegarde  of  them  selues,  yelded  the  toune:  so 
that  both  he  &  they  might  depart  with  horse  and  harnes  onely,  in  sure  conduite  and  safetye: 
yet  long  or  the  toune  of  Compaigne  was  deliuered,  sir  Philip  Hall  whiche  was  sent  to  Cro- 
toy by  the  lorde  regent  with.  viii.  C.  men  to  besiege  the  toune,  gat  it  by  assault  sodainly,  or 
the  Frenchmen  had  either  desposed  their  garrison,  or  appointed  their  lodgynges  and  toke  all 
the  men  of  warre  and  put  them  to  raunsome.  And  so  these,  ii.  tounes  cowardly  stollen, 
were  manfully  recouered,  but  yet  the  writers  of  Frenche  fables  to  deface  the  glorye  of  the 

4-  Englishmen) 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  121 

Englishmen,  write  and  say  that  these  tounes  were  yelded  to  the  Burgonyon0,  whiche  nei- 
ther had  the  kepyng  of  them  nor  were  souldiers  to  any  other  person  but  to  the  kyng  of 
Kngland.  While  these  thinges  were  thus  doyng  in  Fraunce,  sir  Ilion  de  la  Pole  brother  to 
therle  of  Suffolke  capitaine  of  Auranches  in  Normandy,  assembled  all  tlie  garrisons  of  the 
base  Marches  of  the  coiitrey  of  Aniow,  &  came  before  the  cytie  of  Angiers  and  brent  the 
subbarbes,  spoyled  and  destroyed  the  whole  countrey,  and  hauyng  as  many  prayes  anxl  pri- 
soners as  his  men  might  cary,  he  was  eacountred  by  the  earle  of  Aubemerle,  the  vicount 
Karbone  and.  vi.  thousand  Frenchmen:  \\hiclie  findyng  the  Englishmen  out  of  arraye  be- 
cause of  the  cariage  of  their  great  spoyle,  sodainly  set  on  the  and  slewe.  CCC.  persons  and 
toke  prisoners  the  said  sir  Ihon  Delapole,  sir  Ihon  Basset,  Ihon  Aut'ord  luetenaunt  of  Fa- 
loys,  Ihon  Clyfton,  Henry  Mortymer  and.  vi.  C.  other.  Although  the  Frenchmen  gat  this 
day  in  one  place,  yet  they  wet  not  victorious  away  in  another,  for  the  bastard  de  la  Baulme 
and  the  lorde  Craignar  capitaines  of  Courallon  with  a  great  band,  made  a  roade  into  Mas- 
connoys,  with  whom  by  chance  met  Mathew  Gough  and  other  Englishemen  whiche  were 
scouryng  the  countrey  to  se  and  hearenewes  of  their  enemies,  there  was  a  sore  conflict  and 
an  hard  encountre,  the  partes  in  maner  beyng  of  corage  &  noinbre  cgal,  but  after  long 
fight,  the  Frenchmen  almost  al  wer  slaine  &  taken,  and  the  bastard  beyng  wel  horsed  fled  • 
after  whom  folowed  with  the  tiersneS  of  his  spurres  Mathew  Gougli  and  chased  him  to  his 
castle  gate  and  there  toke  him  as  he  would  haue  hid  him  in  the  diche  &  preseted  him  to 
the  earle  of  Salsbury,  returnyng  from  Compaigne  to  Paris,  whiche  not  onely  gaue  to  him 
the  rightes  beloging  to  the  prisoner,  but  also  rewarded  him  with  a  goodly  courser  and  highly 
exalted  his  name  and  manhode. 

ABO VTE  this  season,  Arthur  brother  to  Ihon  duke  of  Britaine  comonly  called  the  earle 
of  Kicheinond,  hauyng  neither  profile  of  the  name  nor  of  the  countrey,  notwithstadyng 
that  king  Henry  the.  v.  had  created  him  earle  of  Yury  in  Normandy  &  gaue  him  not  onely 
a  great  pencion  but  thesame  tonne  of  Yury;  yet  because  his  brother  the  duke  of  Brytaine 
fearyng  the  Englishmen  nowe  hauyng  Normandye  would  srncl  and  desire  to  last  the  swete 
soyle  of  Britaine,  was  late  (contrary  to  his  leage  and  othe)  returned  to  the  part  of  Charles 
the  dolphyn,  he  likewise  returned  and  craftly  without  cause  fled  into  Flaunders  &  so  came  to 
the  dolphyn  to  Poytiers,  which  was  more  g'ad  of  his  comyng  then  if  he  had  gained  a  C.M. 
crounes,  for  the  Britons  which  kept  the  toune  and  castle  of  Yury  hearyng  that  their  master 
•was  ioyned  witii  the  dolphyn  bothe  kepte  the  castle  against  the  duke  of  Bedford,  furnishyng 
it  dayly  with  new  people  £  municions,  and  also  infested,  spoyled  and  robbed  the  countrey 
adioynyng,  doyng  to  the  Englishmen  the  most  hurt  &  damage  that  either  could  be  deuised  or 

THE  lord  Regent  beyng  aduertised  of  all  these  troubles  &  calamities,  assebled  a  great 
army  both  of  Englishmen  and  Normans,  entendyng  to  serche  the  dolphin  in  euery  part,  to 
theient  to  geue  him  battail  in  a  pitched  feld  and  so  to  make  a  final  ende  of  his  entended  con- 
quest. So  hauing  in  his  companye  therle  of  Salsbury,  therle  of  Suffolke,  the  lord  Scales, 
the  lord  Willoughby,  the  lord  pounyng,  sir  Reynold  Grae,  sir  Ihon  Fastolf,  sir  Ihon  Salu- 
ayne,  Lanslot  Lisle,  sir  PJn'Jlp  Halle,  sir  Ihon  Pashely,  sir  Ihon  Gray,  sir  Thomas  Blunt, 
sir  Robert  Harlyng,  sir  William  Oldhal  and  many  other  valiant  knightes  and  esquiers  to  the 
nombre  (as  the  Frenche  writers  testifie)  of  xviii.C.  men  of  armes  and.  viii.M.  archers  and 
other,  came  before  the  toune  of  Yury  whiche  was  well  defended:  but  the  Englishemen 
began  to  vndermine  the  walles,  so  that  they  within  wer  glad  to  rendre  the  toune  vpo  condicion, 
whiche  was  taken.  Howbeit  the  capitaines  of  the  castle  promised  to  yeld  if  their  fortresse 
wer  not  rescued  at  a  day  assigned  by  the  dolphyn  with  a  nomber  sufficiet  to  raise  the  siege, 
&  vpon  this  promise  hostage^  wer  deliuered  into  the  possession  of  the  lord  regent.  By  his 
licence  an  herault  was  sent  to  the  dolphyn  to  aduertise  him  of  the  tyme  determined,  the 
whiche  hearyng  of  the  destresse  that  his  people  &  frendes  wer  in,  sent  incontinent  Ihon  duke 
of  Alanson  his  lieftenant  general,  therle  Doglas  whom  at  that  settyng  furth  he  made  duke  of 
Toraine,  and  therle  Boughan,  whom  then  in  hope  of  good  spede  he  made  Constable  of 

R  Fraunce 

128  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

Fraunce  (whiche  office  he  enioyed  not  fully  an  hundreth  houres)  and  therles  of  Aumarle, 
Vatadoure,  Tonnerre,  Maulieuricr  Forest,  the  vicountesof  Narbonand  Thouars,  the  lordes 
ofGraiiile,  Gaules,  Malycorne,  Manny,  Ball  ay,  Fountaines,  Mountfort,  &  many  other  noble 
knightes  and  esquiers  to  the  nombre  of.  xv.M.  Freche  men  &  Britons  and.  v.M.  Scottes  whom 
the  erle  Doglas  had  transported  late  out  of  Scotland  more  for  nedc  then  for  loue. 

THIS  army  royal  approched  within,  ii.  miles  of  Yury  and  sent.  xl.  light  horsmen  to  view 
and  espy  both  the  nornbcr  and  coduit  of  the  Englishmen.     These  spyes  came  very  nere  to  the 
siege  and  \ver  espied  and  chased  to  their  copanions  againe,  and  declared  all  what  they  had 
seen  and  perceiued.     The  duke  of  Alanson  seyng  that  he  could  not  gette  any  auantage  of  the 
Englishemen  (although  the  Dolphyn  had  geiien  hym  in  straight  comaundement  to  fight  with 
the-regent)  whether  his  heart  fayled  or  he  thought  to  wayte  a  more  fortunate  season  for  his 
purpose  and  enterprise,  retired  backe  with  his  whole  arruy  to  the  toune  of  Vernoyle  in 
Perche  whiche  belonged  to  the  kyng  of  England,  &  sent  word  to  the  garison  of  that  toune 
that  they  had  discofited  &  slaine  al  the  Englishe  army  and  that  the  regent  with  a  small  nober 
by  swyftnes  of  his  horse  had  saued  him  selfe.     The  inhabitantes  of  Vernoyle  geuyng  to  light 
credit  to  the  Frenche  fablers,  receiued  the  duke  of  AlFison  with  al  his  army  into  the  toune  & 
submitted  theselues  to  him,     Whiche  toune  he  desyred  to  haue  of  the  gift  of  thedolphynas 
his  owne  inheritance  &  lawful  patrimony.      Now  approched  the  day  of  rescous  of  Yury, 
which  was  the  day  of  our  Lady  the  Assumption,   at  which  day  no  rescous  appeared  to  sir 
Gerrard  de  la  Pallier  captain  of  the  castle,  whiche  beyng  in  dispayre  of  all  ayde  and  corn- 
forte,  presented  the  keys  to  the  duke  of  Bedford  &  shewed  him  a  letter  signed  &  sealed  with 
the  hades  of.  xviii.  great  lordes  which  the  day  before  promised  to  geue  the  duke  battaile  and 
to  dissolue  the  siege  and  raise  the  assault:  Well  sayd  the  duke,   if  their  heartes  would  haue 
serued,  their  puissaunce  was  sufficient  ones  to  haue  profered  or  to  haue  performed  this  faith- 
ful promise.     But  syth  they  disdaine  to  seke  me,  God  and  saint  George  willyng  I  shal  not 
desist  to  folowe  the  tractes  of  their  horses  tyl  one  part  of  vsbe  by  battail  ouerthrowen:  and 
so  he  gaue  a  safe  conduyte  to  the  capitaine  and  other  which  wold  depart,  but  many  of  the 
Britons  within  the  castle  of  Yury  seyng  the  faint  heartes  and  the  false  promises  of  the  flatter- 
yng  Frenchmen  submitted  them  selues  to  the  lorde  regent  and  sware  to  be  true  to  the  kyng 
and  him,  whom  he  gentely  accepted  and  put  them  in  wages.     Then  he  furnished  the  castle 
and  toune   with  a  newe  garrison,  and  incotinent  he  sent  the  earle  of  Suffolke  with.  vi.C. 
horses  to  espy  wher  the  Frenchemen  were  lodged,  whiche  passed  by  Dampeuile,  and  came 
to  Bretnel  wher  he  beared  newes  that  the  Frenchmen  had  taken  Vernoile  in  Perche  &  were 
there  yet  abidyng,  wherof  with  all  diligent  celerite  he  sent  worde  to  the  duke  of  Bedford, 
which  not  mindyng  to  lese  his  long  desired  pray  set  forward  in  great  hast  toward  his  enemies. 
The  FrF'chtnen  hearyng  of  his  comyng  set  their  people  in  array  and  made  all  one  maine  bat- 
taile without  forwarder  rereward,   &  appointed  certaine  Lubardes  and  horsmen  to  breake 
the  array  of  the  Englishemen  either  behynd  or  at  the  sides,  wherof  was  capitaine  sir  Stephyn 
Venoylcs  called  the  hire.     The  duke  of  Bedford  not  ignorant  howe  to  ordre  his  men,  made 
likewise  oneentier  battaile  &  suffered  no  man  to  be  on  horsebacke,  and  set  the  archers  (euery 
one  hauyng  a  sharpe  stake)  bothe  in  the  front  of  the  battaile  and  on  the  sydes  like  wynges, 
and  behvnd  the  battaile  were  the  pages  with  the  charlottes  andcariages,  and  all  the  horses 
were  tyed  together  either  with  the  reines  of  their  bridles  or  by  the  tayles,  to  thentent  that 
their  enemies  should  not  sodainely  surprise  or  disturbe  them  on  the  backe  behynd :  and  for 
to  defend  the  carriages  wer  appointed  two  thousand  archers.     The  Frenchmen  at  the  fyrst 
sight  remembryng  how  often  times  in  piched  feldes  they  had  bene  ouercome  and  vanquished 
of  the  Englishe  nacion,  b.egan  somewhat  to  feare,  but  when  they  sawe  no  remedy  but  to 
fight,  they  toke  good  courage  to  the  and  set  softely  forwarde.  In  whiche  marchyng  the  Duke 
of  Alaunson,  sittyng  on  horsebacke  saied  to  his  capitaines. 

Oradon  of       LOVYNG  companions,  and  hardy  souldiers,  call  to  your  remembraunce,  how  the  Eng- 
.0  lishemen  haue  not  onely  gotten  from  vs  the  noble  isle  of  Fraunce,  the  duchies  of  Normandy 
and  Aniovv,  but  also  sith  their  enterprise  and  cenquest  hath  bothe  slain  our  parentes  and 

I  killed 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  1*3 

killed  our  frendes,  yea,  and  hath  dritien  our  naturall  Prince,  and  very  soueraignc  Lorde 
from  his  chief  habitation  and  surest  chaumber,  the  faire  citee  of  Paris:  which  act  neuer 
Pagan  durst  attept  or  euer  any  prince  was  able  to  acheue.  Besides  this,  you  se  that  the 
duke  of  Bedford  Regent  here  for  the  kyng  of  Englande,  entendyng  n-othyng  more  then  the 
deposicion  or  the  destruccion  of  our  kyng  and  his  nobilitie,  and  in  tinall  coclusion  to  bryng 
to  extreme  bondage  all  vs  ourwiues  and  children,  and  all  the  people  of  this  so  long  renoum- 
ed  region,  by  many  hundred  yeres  called  the  reahne  of  Fraunce,  which  is  as  muche  to 
saie  as  a  fre  countrey,  or  a  franke  lande.  Alas,  shal  your  kyng  now  be  made  a  subiecte, 
shall  your  peres  and  nobiliteebee  made  vassals,  and  you  also  slaues  &  bondmen  to  a  foraiu 
nacion  r  Where  is  the  liberty  of  Frauce  and  where  is  the  auncient  fredome?  When  you 
defended  your  fraunchises,  and  when  your  hartes  seruedyou:  your  kyng  ruled  kynges  your 
prioeis  possessed  the  empire,  and  your  nacion  subdued  Germany,  conquered  Italy,  and 
ouercame  the  proude  Spanyardes.  Shall  wee  now,  fallyng  out  of  kynd  from  our  fathers, 
feare  the  puissaunce  of  the  arrogant  Englishemen,  beyng  men  of  no  forecast,  nor  of 
no  excellcnte  wit,  long  in  gettyng  and  shortly  lesyng?  AVill  you  now  sufifre  the  olde  glory  of 
Fraunce  to  be  put  in  obliuion?  will  you  haue  an  Englishe  infant,  whiche  liueth  with  pappe 
to  bee  your  kyng  and  gouernor?  Will  you  liue  in  seruitude  of  a  barbarous  nacion  in  whom 
is  neither  bountifulnes  nor  honor?  Clerckes  saie,  that  the  greatest  plague,  that  euer  God 
scourged  with  the  Israelites,  was,  when  he  permitted  them  to  be  caried  from  their  natiue 
countrey  to  the  bondage  of  Babilon,  where  they  liued  in  captiuitie  by  the  space  of  many 
yeres.  What  can  bee  a  more  greater  scourge,  then  to  haue  a  forrein  ruler  in  a  free  region  ? 
What  dishonor  can  there  be  more  to  a  countrey,  then  to  haue  the  nobilitie  put  backc  from 
rule  and  to  be  gouerned  by  strangers.  Beleue  me,  beleue  me,  it  is  to  vs  all  one  blot,  to  bee  a 
slaue  in  Turkeye,  vnder  theTurkishe  bondage,  and  to  be  a  free  man  in  France  vnder  the  Eng- 
lishe libertie.  Of  this  point  you  be  sure:  if  they  gain  this  battaill,  thei  be  not  vnlike  to  obtain 
the  whole  region:  whiche  if  thei  get,  then  is  the  enheritaunce  theirs:  then  be  all  the  riches 
theirs,  and  then  all  the  people  bee  their  subiectes.  If  they  be  rulers,  fare  well  the  franke  and 
Frenche  libertie:  If  they  be  lordes,  welcome  English  seruitude.  So  that  now  we  stand 
al  on  this  poynt,  either  to  be  free  or  bondmen.  Whiche  terme  of  bondage  is  so  detested  of 
all  nacions,  that  there  can  be  no  more  reproch  to  a  man  then  to  call  hym  a  villain  or  a 
bondman.  Therfore  manly  defence  must  onely  withstand  this  mischief,  and  hartie  corage 
must  driue  back  this  imminct  plage.  This  is  the  daie  either  of  our  deliueraunce  out  of  vile 
seruitud-e,  or  the  daie  of  our  entry  into  the  vale  of  bondage.  The  conclusion  of  this  battaill 
is  very  doubtfull,  for  if  we  bee  vanquished,  the  gain  for  our  side  is  almost  without  recouery, 
cosidryng,  that  here  be  the  best  men,  &  wisest  capitaines  vnder  our  kyng:  And  if  we  get 
the  vppcr  hancle,  our  heddes  shalbc  free  and  out  of  the  Englishe  yoke.  And  although  the 
duke  of  Bedford  hath  here  with  him,  all  the  power  that  he  can  gather  on  this  side  the  sea, 
yet  I  assure  you,  (God  willyng)  I  will  not  turne  one  fote  backward  for  fear  of  hym,  or  his 
picked  armie.  Therfore  I  exhorte  you  to  reuiembre,  your  wifes,  your  children  and  your 
selfes.  Figtft  manfully  and  sticke  eche  to  other  for  the  libertie  of  our  countrey:  I  doubt  not 
but  the  victory  shalbee  ours,  and  the  honor  shalbe  our  kynges.  For  if  this  daie  we  vanquishe 
hym  and  sparcle  his  armie,  we  shall  so  diligently  folowe  Fortunes  good  grace,  that  not  onely 
Fraunce  to  vsshall'yeld,  and  Normandy  bowe,  but  we  shall  recouer  again  al  our  citees  and 
tounes,  whiche  out  of  our  possession  wer  gained,  before  any  aide  can  come  to  rescue  out  of 
the  poore  isle  of  Englande.  Now  consideryng,  that  we  hang  in  the  ballaunce  betwene  honor 
and  shame,  libertie  and  bondage,  gaineor  losse,  leteuery  man  take  harte  and  corage  to  hym, 
litle  regardyng,  or  caryng,  eit.ier  for  death,  or  the  force  of  his  enemies,  and  with  a  manly 
countenaunce  marche  furth  toward  our  foes. 

THE  Englishemen  perceiuyng  their  greate  nornbre,  and  knowyng  that  the  chief  strength 
consisted  in  the  Scottes,  began  somwhat  to  stay  and  consult,  what  was  mosle  expedient  to 
bee  done.  The  duke  of  Bedford  sittyng  on  a  baye  courser  in  the  iniddes  of  the  battaill  vnder 

124  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

a  baner  curiously  beten  with  his  Armes,  not  content  with  their  whisperyngcs  and  protract- 
yng  of  tyme,  saied  vnto  theirn  with  an  audible  voyce. 

Y"OV  valiaunt  capitaines  and  hardie  souldiers,  my  louyng  compaynions  in  artnes,  and 
frcndly  felowes.  If  you  cosidre  with  your  self  what  daie  this  is:  What  honor  and  what 
profile  wee  shall  get  by  our  trauaile  and  pain,  I  doubt  not  but  where  you  now  stand  stil 
musyng,  you  would  runne  furth  a  galloppe,  and  where  you  run  on  your  fete,  you  would, 
if  you  had  winges,  flieas  faste,  as  euer  did  llauke  to  his  praie.  For  greate  is  the  honor  that 
is  gotten  with  paine,  and  swete  is  the  lucre,  that  is  gayned  with  trauaile,  for  you  muste  re- 
membre,  that  nothyng  is  wel  done,  if  it  growe  not  to  a  good  conclusion:  and  a  thyng  were 
as  good  neuer  to  be  begon,  as  neuer  ended.  My  brother  our  late  soueraigue  lord,  (whose 
soule  God  pardon)  hath  entred  into  this  countrey,  as  into  his  awne  lawfull  inheritaunce: 
and  first  conquered  Normandy,  and  after  by  agremet  of  kyng  Charles  the  vsurper,  he  was 
by  assent  of  the  nobilitee,  agrement  of  the  Clergie,  &  speciall  request  of  the  cornmonaltie, 
restored  to  his  rightfull  inheritaunce,  and  lawful  patrimony,  whiche  by  his  death  is  returned 
and  come  to  my  nephewe  our  rnoste  redoubted  souereigne.  The  beginning  of  this  conquest 
was  good,  and  the  sequele  better,  yet  resteth  the  finall  knot  to  be  knitte,  and  the  last  locke 
to  be  shut  vp.  For  if  we  sutlre  Charles  the  Dolpbyn,  whiche  now  vsurpeth  the  name,  and 
estate  royall  of  this  real  me  of  France,  to  proceade  farther  in  his  purpose,  or  to  gather  more 
puyssance,  or  allure  more  people,  I  cannot  tell  then  what  feates  flatteryng  fortune  will  worke: 
and  of  this  I  am  sure  that  if  we  suffre  his  fier  still  to  flame,  as  it  hath  begon,  we  shall  haue 
skant  water  to  quenche  out  the  same.  Here  he  hath  assembled  all  the  Frenche  men  that  he 
can  get  and  for  lacke  of  aide,  he  hath  retained  the  Scottes  :  croppe  hym  now  at  the  beginnyng 
and  he  shall  growe  no  more:  let  hym  grow  farther  and  he  will  passe  our  reache:  discomfite 
hym  now  and  bryng  our  conquest  to  a  conclusion:  let  hym  alone  now  and  we  shalbe  new 
to  begin.  Therfore  I  say,  it  is  wisdome  to  take  occasion,  when  the  hery  side  and  not  the 
balde  side  is  profered.  If  we  feare  the  multitude,  rememhre  our  awne  victories,  which 
we  haue  euer  obteined  by  lesse  nombre,  and  not  by  the  greater.  If  we  feare  death,  remem- 
bre  the  glory  and  immortall  fame,  that  shall  succeade  of  our  valiaunt  actes,  if  we  sell  our 
lifes  so  dere.  If  we  shalbe  slain,  considre  I  haue  a  kyng  to  my  nephew,  and  a  duke  to 
my  brother,  and  twoo  noble  vncles,  and  you  haue  frendes,  kynsemen  and  children,  whiche 
wil  reuege  our  death,  to  the  vttermost  poynt:  therfore  I  saie  let  euery  man  this  day  do 
his  best.  For  this  is  the  daie  of  thed  of  our  great  trauaile,  the  daie  of  our  greate  victory, 
and  the  daie  of  our  euerlastyng  fame :  Therfore  good  felowes,  put  your  onely  trust  in  God, 
call  to  hym  for  aide  boldly,  and  marche  forward  hurdly,  for  our  enemies  be  at  had. 

HE  had  skace  ended  his  exhortacion,  but  the  Englishmen  beyng  incouraged  with  his  pru- 
dent persuasion,  sette  on  their  enemies,  criyng,  Sainct  George,  Bedford.  And  the  Frenche- 
men  likewise  cried,  Moutioye,  sainct  Denise.  Then  the  arrowes  flewe  out  of  the  long  bowes 
on  the  one  parte,  the  quarrelles  out  of  the  crosse  bowes  on  the  other  parte.  After  thei  came 
to  hande  strokes:  greate  was  the  fight,  &  terrible  was  the  batfaill,  with  so  indifferent  Judge- 
ment of  victory  that  no  heraulde  could  determyne  to  whiche  parte  Fortune  moste  shewed 
her  louyng  countenaunce.  For  on  bothe  sides  men  wer  slain  and  wounded,  and  on  bothe 
partes  some  wer  felled  and  recouered,  thus  stil  in  a  doubtful  Judgement,  the  battaill  conti- 
nued about  three  houres.  The  duke  of  Alauson  in  the  meane  season  neuer  ceased  to  ex- 
horte  and  praie  his  people  manly  to  fight,  and  not  to  suff're  their  enemies,  (whiche  wer  at  the 
very  point  to  be  ouercome)  by  their  faint  hartes  to  be  victors,  and  ouercommers.  Likewise 
the  duke  of  Bedford  rode  about  his  annie,  refreshing  the  weake  with  freshe  men,  and  enco- 
ragyng  his  people  with  moste  plesaunt  wordes:  But  at  the  last  when  he  perceiued  the  Frenche- 
men,  what  with  heate,  and  with  trauaill,  to  waxe  wery  and  faint,  and- not  to  bee  so  freshe  as 
thei  wer  before  (for  surely 'the  nature  of  the  Frenchmen,  is  not  to  labor  long  in  fightyng, 
and  muche  more  braggeth  then  fighteth)  he  with  al  his  strengtli  set  incontinent  on  them  with 
tuche  a  violence,  that  they  bare  theim.  doune  to  the  grounde  by  fine  force.  The  French 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  125 

horsemen  that  dale  did  litle  seruice:  for  the  archers  so  galled  their  horses,  that  they  desired  not 
mticiie  to  approche  their  presence.  This  battaill  was  fought  the.  xxvij.  day  of  August,  in  the 
yere  of  our  Lorde.  M.  CCCC.  xxv.  in  the  vvhiche  battaill  wer  slain. 

Of  Frenchemen.  of  the  murtherars,  of  the  duke  of  Bur- 

The  erle  of  Aumerle.  goyne. 

The  erle  of  Ventadore.  Of  Scottes  also  wer  slain. 

The  erle  of  Forestes.  Archibald  erle  Douglas  made  duke   of 

The  erle  of  Mary.  Toroyne. 

The  lorde  Granite,  lames  Douglas  his  sonne  erle  of  Nigton. 

The  lorde  Gaules.  Ihon  the  erle  of  Boughein  newly  made 

The  lorde  Fountaynes.  Constable  of  Fraunce. 

The  lorde  of  Amboys.  Sir  Alexander  Meldryne. 

The  Vicount  Thouars.  Sir  Henry  Balglauie. 

The  lorde  Mountcney.  Sir  liion  Sterlyng. 

The  lorde  of  Combreste.  Sir  William  of  Homelsdone. 

The  lorde  of  Brunell.  Sir  larnes  Graye. 

The  lorde  Tumblet.  Sir  Robert  Kanden. 

The  lorde  of  Poysy.     And  thre  hundred         Sir  Alexander  Lynsaie. 
knightes  beside.  Sir  Robert  Stewarde. 

The,  Vicouut  Nerbon  whose  body  was         Sir  Robert  Swinton,  and.  xxvij.  hundred 
haged  on  a  gibbet,  because  he  was  one  Scottes  of  name  and  armes,   besides 


IN  this  battaill  wer  slain  by  the  report  of  Montioye  kyng  at  armes  in  Fraunce,  and  the 
Englishe  herauldes  there  prcsente,  of  Frenciiemen  and  Scoltes.  ix.  thousand  and  seuen  hun- 
dred, and  of  the  Englishmen,  xxj.  hundred,  but  no  man  of  name,  sauyng.  v.  yong  es- 
quiers.  And  there  wer  taken  prisoners,  Ihon  duke  of  Alaunson,  the  bastard  of  Alaun- 
son  the  Lorde  of  Fayect,  the  lorde  of  Hormit,  sir  Piers  Harison,  sir  Loys  de  Vancort, 
Sir  Robert  Brusset,  sir  Ihon  Turnebull  a  Scot,  and  two  hundred  gentlemen  besides 
common  soldiours. 

AFTER  that  the  duke  of  Bedforde  had  thus  obteined  the  vpper  hand  of  his  enemies,  and 
discomfited  the  onely  strength  of  the  dolphin  he  vpon  his  knees  rendred  to  almightie  God  his 
hartie  thankcs,  not  without  effusion  of  teares.  Then  he  commaundcd  all  the  Frenchmen 
within  the  toune  of  Vernoile,  to  go  out  and  depart,  or  els  to  abide  their  adueture.  They 
perceiuyng  the  euil  successe  of  their  bostyng  enterprise,  and  seyng  no  meane,  wherby  in  so 
lowe  an  ebbe,  they  might  bee  ayded,  deliuered  vp  the  toune,  and  went  furthe  out  of  thesame, 
their  lifes  saued.  Of  which  toune  the  lorde  Regent  constituted  capitain,  sir  Philip  Hall, 
and  so  departed  from  thence  to  the  citee  of  Roan,  where  with  triumph  (and  not  vnworthy) 
he  was  Joyously  receiued  and  honorably  feasted.  And  after  all  thynges  there  set  in  an  ordre, 
he  remoued  to  Paris. 

HERE  you  maie  see  what  succeded  of  the  spirite  of  false  Prophecie.  For  the  duke  of 
Alaunson  thinkyngit  to  be  predestinate  by  the  bodies  aboue,  that  he  should  ouercorne,  and 
conquere  the  duke  of  Bedford,  hosted  (as  you  haue  heard)  to  the  Burgesses  of  Vernoile,  that 
he  had  discofited  the  Regent  of  Fraunce  with  his  whole  armie,  before  the  toune  of  Yury : 
Not  knowyng,  that  Mars  the  God  of  battaill  beyng  angry  with  his  liyng,  appoyntedj  not 
onely  all  his  puyssaunce  to  be  vanquished  before  Vernoile,  but  also  hymself,  and  his  bastarde 
vncle,  there  to  bee  taken,  and  brought  into  bondage.  So  it  is  often  seen  that  he,  whiche 
rekeneth  without  his  hoste,  muste  reken  twise,  and  he  that  fisheth  before  the  net,  rnaic  lese 
but  nothyng  gain.  When  this  victory  was  published  through  Fraunce,  how  the  common 
people  lamented  their  miserable  destiny,  how  the  nobilitie  mistrusted  their  awne  estate,  and 
how  the  Dolphyn  was  abashed,  yea,  more  than  abashed,  woderfull  it  were  to  write,  but  more 
merueilous  for  to  heare.  For  he  was  driuen  out  of  all  the  countreis  apperteinyng  to  the 
croune  of  Fraunce  and  might  resort  to  no  coutreis,  excepte  to  Burbonoys,  Aluerne,  Berry, 


126  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

"Poyctou,  Towrayn,  a  part  of  Aniow  and  Barrayn,  &  Languedoc.     And  because  diuerse 
•of  his  frendes  whiche  were  aduocates  in  Paris  exiled  theselfes  fro   the  parliament  of  Paris, 
which  was  with  all  rightes,  and  iurisdiccions  there  vnto  belongyng,  kcple,  and  holden  in  the 
name  of  kyng  Henry  the  sixte,  as  lawfull  heire  and  very  kyng  of  the  realme  of  Fraunce:  he 
therefore  to  shewe  hymself  as  a  kyng,  erected  his  courte  of  Parliament,  his  Chauncery,  and 
all  other  courtes  in  the  citee  of  Poytiers,  and  there  established  his  greate  scale,  with  all  due 
circumstaunces  thervnto  aperteinyng,  whiche  there  continued  by  the  space  of.  xiiij.  yeres,  as 
you  shall  after  heare  declared.  The  duke  of  Bedford  liyng  at  Paris,  entendyng  there  to  bryng 
•to  obeisaunce  Charles  the  dolphyn,  or  els  to  driue  hym  out  of  his  litle  cony  holdes,  and  small 
•countries,  set  the  lorde  Scales,  sir  Ihon  Montgomery,  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe,  with  two  thousand 
men,  to  conquere  the  countries  of  Aniow  and   Mayn,  whiche  without  assaulte  hud  rendred 
to  the  the  strong  castles  of  Beamount  le  Vicot,  Teune,  Silly,  Oste,  Courceriers,  Rcussy, 
Vasse,  Couetemenfit  and  twenty  other,  which  for  pfolixitie  of  tynie,   I  thynke  necessary  to 
be  omitted.     For  surely  the  Englishe  puyssaunce  was  so  tried,  proue'l,  assaied,  and  spred 
abrode  throughout  all  Fraunce,  that  the  Frenche  me  thought  that  in  conclusion  the  Eng- 
lishe men  would  haue,  or  should  haue  al  thynges,   which  they  either  wished  or  enterpriscd. 
The  duke  of  Bedford  yet  thirstyng  after  more  good  fortune,  sent  the  erle  of  Salisbury,  with 
a  great  armie  accompanied  with  the  Lorde  Scales,  and  other  approued  capitaines,  (whose 
names  you  haue  heard  before)  into  the  countrees  of  Aniow  &  Mayn,  which  w'er  euil  neigh- 
bours to  the  duchy  of  Normandy:  in  whiche  army  wer.  x.  M.  men   of  war  or  ther  about. 
These  lusty  capitaines  entered  iirste  into  the  countrey  of  Mayne,  and  beseged  the  richeand 
strong  citee  of  Mauns,  the  chief  toune  £  emperie  of  all  that  country  and  region.     And  al- 
though the  citezens,  aswel  for  the  sodain  accesse  of  their  enemies,  as  for  the  feare  of  the 
name  of  therle  of  Salisbury  (whiche  was  both  dread  of  his  enemies,  and  honored  of  his 
frendes,)  wer  somewhat  amased  and  astonied:  Yet  their  capitaines  named  sir  Baldwyn   of 
Champaigne  lord  of  Toisse,  sir  Guilliam  de  Marignie,  and  sir  Hugh  tie  Goos,  studied  and 
inucuted  all  waies  possible  how  to  defend  themselfes,  and  do  damage  and  harrne  to  their 
enenves:  and  surely,  they  had  within  the  toune  a  creive  and  a  compainei  of  warlike  and  prac- 
tised s  juldiors.  The  Englishmen  approched  as  nigli  to  the  walles  as  they  might  without  their 
losse  and  detriment,  and  shot  against  their  walles  great  stones  out  of  great  gonnes  (which 
kynd  of  engines  before  y  time,  was  very  litle  seen  or  heard  of  in  Fraunce,)  the  strokes  wherof 
so  shaked,  crushed  and  riued  y  walles,  that  within  fewe  daies,  the  citee  was  dispoyled  of  all 
•  her  toures  and  outward  defences.     The  citezens  of  Mauns  muche  merueilyng  at  these  newe 
i  orgayncs,  bothe  seyng  their  destruccio  iminent,  and  desperate  of  all  aide  and  succor,  offered 
-!  the  toune  vpon  this  condicion  :  that  all  persones  whiche  would  tary  within  the  toune  might 
Abide,  and  all  that  would  depart  with  horsse  and  harnesse  onely,  should    be  permitted: 
which  offers  were  accepted,  and  the  toune  rendred,  wherof  the  erle  made  capitain  therle 
of  Stiffolke,  and  his  lieutenant  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe.    After  this  the  said  erle  of  Salisbury  besieged 
the  fa  ire  toune  of  sainct  Susan,  whereof  was  capitain,  Ambrose  de  Lore,  a  ma  of  no  lesse  au- 
dacitie  then  pollicy,  accompainied  with  a  greate  nombre  of  hardy  men  of  warre.     When  the 
erle  of  Salisbury  had  bothe  viewed  and  seen  the  siluacion  and  nature  of  the  place,  he  de- 
termined to  assault  it  in  that  place  whiche  was  moste  weake  and  worne:  and  so  the  trom- 
pettes  blew  to  the  assault  and  scalyng  ladders  were  raised  to  the  walles,  and  the  Englishemen 
with  grcatc  noyse  began  to  clime  and  ascende.     The  soukliors  whiche  durste  not  come  out  of 
the  toune  to  encountre  with  the  Englishe  armie,  manfully  raune  to  the  walles  to  resiste  and 
delende  the  assaylantes.  And  so  all  that  daie  the  assault  with  many  aduentures  still  continued, 
and  although  the  inhabitauntes  and  citezens  were  sore  wounded,  they  neuer  lefte  of  bothe  to 
defende  theimselfes,  and  to  anoye  and  hurte  their  enemies.     When  therle  perceiued  that  bv 
this  light  assault  and  slight  skirmishe  he  lost  somewhat,  and  gained  nothyng,  he  made  a  waft 
.and  cast  a  trenche  round  about  y  toune:  &  caused  his  great  ordynance  to  be  shotte  at  that 
part  of  the  wall  whiche  was  most  feble  and  slender,  and  so  daily  and  nightly  he  neuer  ceassed 
to  beate  and  breke  doune  the  wall  and  toures:  so  that  within  twoo  daies  the  moste  part  of 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  127 

the  wal  was  persed  and  cast  doune  to  the  ground.  When  the  capitain  perceiued  these  newe 
feateshe  began  toentreate,  and  offered  for  hymselfand  his  souldiors,  twoo  thousand  crounes, 
so  that  they  might  departein  their  doublettes  onely:  so  their  Hues  wer  saued,  whjche  some 
because  winter  aproched,  was  taken  and  the  toune  yelded.  Of  the  whiche  toune  he  made 
eapitain,  sir  Ihon  Popham,  a  valiaunt  and  a  circuspect  knight.  After  that  the  said  erle  be- 
sieged the  toune  and  castle  of  Mayon  la  luhez,  wherin  was  capitain  the  lorde  of  Escotaiz: 
whiche  toune  after  the  space  of  fiue  wekes  was  yelded  (the  lifes  of  the  defenders  onely  saued.) 
To  the  kepyng  wherof  he  appointed  sir  Ihon  Montgomery  knight.  And  after  the  feast  of 
the  purificacion  of  our  lady,  he  besieged  the  caslle  de  lafort  Barnard:  during  which  siege,. 
a  sale  was  made  of  the  toune  of  Ahinso,  beyng  in  the  Englishmens  possession  by  a  Gascoyn 
£  one  of  the  gariso  there,  for.  iiii.C.  crounes,  to  Charles  de  Villiefs,  Peter  le  Beuffe,  and 
other  Frenche  capitaines.  When  the  dale  was  apointed  of  the  deliueraunce  both  of  the 
toune  and  the  money,  the  Gascoigne  opened  and  discouered  the  whole  agrement  to  the  erle 
of  Salisbury :  which  ordeined  the  lorde  Willoughby  and  "eir  Ihcn  Fastolfe  with  two  thou- 
sande  Englishmen  to  encountre  with  the  byers  of  the  kyngcs  toune  of  Alvison.  At  the  daie 
apointed  and  tyme  assigned,  Charles  de  Villiers  chief  marchaunt  of  this  riche  enterprise,  early 
in  the  mornyng  with  two.  C.  horssemen,  and  three  hundred  footemen  approched  nere  the 
toune,  and  abidyng  for  the  Gascoyne,  he  there  displaied  his  banner,  thynkyng  triumphant- 
ly to  entre  into  the  toune:  but  it  hapened  otherwise.  For  or  they  wer  ware,  or  suspected 
any  rescues,  they  wer  enuironed  with  the  English  armie,  and  slain  &  taken  euery  creature, 
sane  Peter  Danthenazy  and.  xxv.  other,  which  by  the  swiftnes  of  their  horsses  saued  the 

AFTER  this  conflict  ended,  the  lorde  Willoughby  with  his  cdpany  returned  to  therle  of 
Salisbury,  before  the  tonne  le  Fort  Barnard:  the  capitaines  wherof  consideryng,  that  there 
was  no  hope  of  succor  to  be  sente  to  theim,  and  that  their  vitaill  diminished,  and  that  they 
were  not  long  able  to  abide  the  harde  assaultes  of  the  English  nacion,  rendered  the  tounc 
and  castle,  reseruyng  to  them  their  horsse  and  harneis  onely,  which  toune  tlierle  receiued 
to  the  vse  of  the  kyng:  But  the  regent  for  the  valiaunt  seruice  done  by  the  erle,  gaue  the 
same  toune  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  for  euer.  Beside  this  therle  partcly  by  assault,  partely 
by  composicion,  toke  diuerse  other  tounes,  as  sainct  Kales,  wher  he  made  capitain,  Richard 
Gethyne  Esquier,  Thanceaux  Lennitage,  where  he  made  gouernor,  Matthewe  Gough, 
Guerlande,  of  the  whiche  he  assigned  ruler,  lohn  Eanaster,  Malicprne,  wherof  he  made 
capitain,  William  Glasdale  esquier,  Lisle  soubz  Boulto,  wherof  was  made  capitain,  sir 
Lancelot  Lisle  knight,  Lowpellande,  whereof  was  made  capitain,  Henry  Braunche,  Mount- 
seur,  of  the  whiche  was  made  Cpnstable,  sir  WilliFi  Oldhall  knight,  la  Susze,  was  assigned 
to  the  kepyng  of  Iho  Suffolk  esquier,  and  beside  this,  aboue.  xl.  castles  and  piles  wer  ouer- 
throwen  and  destroyed.  When  the  fame  and  report  of  these  newcs  wer  blowen  through 
Fraunce,  some  freated,  some  feared,  and  some  raged  for  angre:  But  the  veritie  of  al  thynges 
beyng  by  the  duke  of  Bedford  declared  into  Englande,  all  men  reioysed  and  wer  very  glad: 
not  onely  for  the  conquest  of  so  many  tounes,  but  also  that  God  had  sentc  theim  victcry  in  a 
pitched  felde,  and  in  a  mortall  battaill.  Wherfore  generall  processions  wer  commaunded, 
to  rendre  to  God  almighty  humble  and  harty  thankes,  by  whose  onely  gift,  and  not  by  power 
of  man,  these  notable  victories  wer  gotten  and  achiued. 

IT  is  not  couenient,  that  I  should  talke  somuche  of  Fraunce,   &  omit  al  thynges  clone  in 
England.     Wherfore  you  shall  vnderstand,  y  about  caster  this  yere,    $•  kyng  called  his  high' 
court  of  parliamet,  at  his  toune  of  Westminster,   &  comyng  to  the  parliament  hous  he  was 
coueighed  through  the  citec  vpon  a  great  courser  with  great  triiiph,  which  child  was  Judged 
of  all  men,  not  only  to  haue  the  very  ymage,  y  liuely  portrature,  and  louelv  countenaunce  of 
his  noble  parent  and  famous  father,  but  also  like  to  succede,  and  be  his  heire  in  all  morall 
vertues,  marcial  Policies,  and  Princely  feates,  as  he  was  vndoubted  inheritor  to  his  realmes, 
seigniories  &  dominions.     In  whiche  parliament  was  graunted  to  the  kyng  a  subsidy  of.  xii. . 
d.  of  the  pound,  towardes  the  mainteinauuce  of  the  warres,  of  all  m arc haun disc  commyng 

iutc*  i 

123  THE.  III.  YERE  OF 

into  this  realme,  or  goyng  out  of  thesame,  besides  other  somes  sette  on  euery  tonne  of  li- 
quor and  on  cucrysacke  of  woolle,  aswel  of  Englishe  men,  as  of  strangers  Duryng  wniche 
Parliamente  came  to  London,  Peter  Duke  of  Quymber,  sonne  10  the  kyng  of  Ponvngale, 
and  cosin  germain  remouedto  the  kyng,  which  of  the  Duke  of  Exeester  and  the  bishop  of 
Winchester  his  vncles,  was  highly  i'estcd,  and  liberally  rewarded,  and  was  elected  into  the 
noble  ordre  of  the  Garter.  Duryng  whiche  season,  Edinonde  Mortimer,  the  last  Erie  of 
Marche  of  that  name  (whiche  long  tyme  had  been  restrained  from  his  liberty,  and  finally 
waxed  lame)  disceased  without  issue,  whose  inheritaunce  discended  to  lorde  Uicharde  Plan- 
tagenet,  sonnc  and  heire  ;to  Richard  erle  of  Cambridge,  belicded.  as  you  haue  heard  be- 
fore, at  the  toune  of  Southhapton.  Whiche  Richard  within  lesse  then.  xxx.  yeres,  as  heire 
to  this  erle  Edmond,  in  ope  parliament  claimed  the  croune  and  scepter  ot  this  realme,  as 
herafter  shal  more  manifestly  appere.  In  the  tyme  of  which  Parliament  also,  whether  it 
were,  either  for, deserte  or  malice,  or  to  auoyde  thynges  that  might  chaunce,  accordyng  to  a 
prouerbe,  whiche  sailh,  a  dead  man  doth  no  harme:  Sir  Ihon  Mortimer  cosin  to  the  said  erle 
was  attainted  of  treason  and  put  to  execution:  of  whose  death  no  small  slaunder  arose 
emongest  the  common  people. 

AFTER  all  these  actes  done  in  Englande,  and  in  Fraunce,  Humfrey  duke  of  Gloucester, 
with  the  lady  laquet  his  supposed  wife,  passed  the  sea  and  came  to  Mons  in  Henawde, 
and  there  by  force  tokeall  suche  landes,  as  Ihon  duke  of  Brabant  her  first  husband  hud  in 
possession  of  the  said  lady  laquet,  which  doyng,  Philippe  duke  of  Burgoyne,  bevng  grcate 
frende  to  the  duke  of  Brabant,  muche  disdained  and  more  frouned  at,  and  thought  for  the 
olde  loue  and  familiaritie,  that  he  bare  to  the  duke  of  Gloucester,  that  he  would  by  frendly 
monicion,  turne  hym  fiom  his  vnhonest  and  vngodly  life,  to  a  reasonable  reformation,  and 
brotherly  conforrnitie.  Wherfore  he  wrote  louyugly  to  hym,  that  he  should  vtterly  leaue  of 
any  further  Lo  folowe  thatnewe  attempted  enterprise,  aduerlisyng  hym,  and  protesting  open- 
ly, that  the  vsurpyng  and  wrongfully  withholdyng  of  another  marines  possession,  was  not  so 
vile  and  slaunderous,  as  the  deh'lyng  of  a  pure  &  cleane  bedde,  and  adulteriously  kepyng  the 
wife  of  his  christe  brother.  The  duke  of  Gloucester  beyng  in  this  case  very  wilful),  either 
blinded  with  dotage,  or  inflamed  with  coueteousnesse  of  his  wifes  possessions,  regardyng 
neither  the  admonishement  of  the  duke  of  Brabant,  nor  yet  the  godly  aduertisement  of  the 
duke  of  Burgoyn,  sware  that  he  would  not  leaue  of  to  make  farther  war,  till  he  had  ex- 
pulsed  the  duke  of  Brabant,  out  of  his  wifes  seigniories,  territories  &  dominions.  Wher- 
fore, the  duke  of  Burgoyn  assembled  together  V*;teat  armie  to  make  war  on  the  duke  of 
Gloucester,  in  the  cause  &  quarel  of  the  duke  of  Brabant  his  (Vend  and  cosyn.  The  duke, 
of  Gloucester,  partly  for  great  affaires,  that  then  were  imminent  in  the  realme  of  England, 
and  partly  to  assemble  more  people,  to  resist  and  withstad  the  power  of  the  dukes  of  Bur- 
goyn and  Braban',  left  his  wife  at  Mons  in  Henaude,  with  the  lordes  of  the  toune,  whicho 
sware  to  hym,  to  defend  and  kepe  her  against  all  men,  till  the  tyme  of  his  returne.  Wher- 
fore he  leauyng  with  her  twoo  thousand  Englishmen,  departed  to  Calice,  and  so  into  En- 

WHEN  he  was  gone,  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  so  threatened,  so  vexed,  yea,  and  almost  so 
famished  them  within  the  toune  of  Mons,  that  they  deliucred  into  his  possession  the  lady 
laquet  or  lacomyne:  whiche  incotinent  sent  her  to  Gaunt,  wher  she  disguised  her  self  in  a 
nianncs  apparel,  and  so  escaped  into  a  toune  of  her  awne  in  Zelande,  called  Zirice,  and  fro 
thence  she  was  conueigcd  to  a  toune  in  Holland  called  Tregowe,  where  she  was  honorably  re- 
ceiucd,  &  there  made  herself  strong  to  witlnlande  her  enemies  :  And  for  her  succor  the  Duke 
of  Gloucester  sent  to  her  fiue  hundred  mg.  The  dukes  of  Burgoyn  and  Brabant  left  her  not 
all  in  quiet,  but  brent  her  tonnes  in  Holland,  and  slewe  her  people  in  Zelande  to  her  greate 
detriment  and  displeasure.  But  inconclusion,  this  matter  was  brought  before  Martyn  the.  v. 
bishop  of  Home:  whiche  adiudged  the  first  matrimony  with  duke  Ihon  of  Brabant,  to  be 
good  and  effectuall,  and  the  seconde  espousals  celebrated  with  duke  Humfrey  of  Gloucester, 
to  bee  of  no  value,  force  nor  effecte:  and  that  if  the  duke  of  Brabant  died,  it  should  not  be 

4  lawfull 


lawfull  to  the  duke  of  Gloucester,  to  niary  again  with  the  lady  laquet.  The  duke  of  Glouces- 
ter, obeiyng  to  this  sentence,  beganne  to  waxe  lothe  of  his  supposed  wife,  by  who  he  neuer 
had  profile  butlosse :  for  whose  cause  his  frendes  became  hisenemies,  &  for  whose  sake  he  was 
openly  slaundered.  Wherfore  he,  by  wanton  affeccion  blinded,  toke  to  his  wife  Elianor  Cob- 
ham  doughter  to  the  lord  Cobham,  of  Sterberow,  whiche  before  (as  the  fame  wet)  was  hia 
soueraigne  lady  and  paramour,  to  his  great  slaunder  and  reproche.  And  if  he  wer  vnquiet- 
ed  with  his  other  pretensed  wife,  truly  he  was  tenne  tymes  more  vexed,  by  occasion  of  this 
woman,  as  you  shall  herafcer  plainly  perceiue:  so  that  he  began  his  manage  with  euiil,  and 
ended  it  with  worse.  The  Lady  laquet  after  the  death  of  Ihon  duke  of  Brabant,  maried  a 
gentleman  of  meane  estate,  called  Frake  of  Bursellen,  for  the  whiche  cause  the  duke  of 
Burgoyn  imprisoned  her  hou'sbande,  and  left  her  in  greate  trouble:  suche  was  the  ende  of 
these  twoo  manages. 



A  litle  before  this  tyme,  sir  Thomas  Rampstone,  sir  Philip  Branche,  sir  Nicholas  Bur-  The,  iiii. 
deit,  and  other  Englisheiuen  to  the  n ombre  of.  v.  hundred  men,  repaired  and  fortified  the  ^re- 
toune  of  sainct  lames  de  Leitron,  on  the  frontiers  of  Normandy,  adioynyng  to  Britayn.  Ar- 
thure  erle  of  Richemondand  Jury  brother  to  the  duke  of  Britayn,  whiche  like  an  vntrue  gen- 
tleman, sworne  and  foisworne  to  the  king  of  England,  sodainly  fled  to  Charles  the  Dolphin: 
whiche  mnche  reioysyng  of  his  fauor  and  amity,  gaue  to  hym  the  Constableship  of  Fraiice 
whiche  therle  of  Boughan  slain  before  at  Vernoyl,  a  small  tyme  occupied,  and  lesse  space  en- 
ioyed.  This  newe  Constable  not  a  litle  ioyful  of  his  high  office,  thought  to  do  some  pleasure 
to  y  dolphyn  his  master,  &  lo  aduuuce  his  name  at  the  first  entry  into  his  authoritie,  he  ima- 
gined no  enterprise  to  be  to  him  more  honorable,  nor  to  his  prince  more  acceptable,  then  to 
auoyde  and  driue  out  of  the  toune  of  sainct  lames  de  Beueon,  al  the  Englishe  nacion.  So 
in  hope  of  victory  gathered  together  a boue.  xl.M.  men,  of  Britons,  Frenchmen  and  Scottes, 
and  enuironed  the  toune  of  sainct  lames,  or  sainct  laques  de  Beuron,  with  a  strong  siege. 
The  Englishmen  within,  whiche  in  nombre  passed  not  vi.C.  men,  manfully  defended  the 
daily  assaultes  of  the  fierce  Frenchmen.  The  Englishemen  consulted  together  what  waie 
was  best  to  bee  taken :  and  after  long  debatyng,  thei  determined  to  issue  out  of  y  toune  and 
to  fight  with  their  enemies.  So  on  a  daie,  when  the  Britons  were  weried  with  a  long  assulte, 
towardes  the  euenyng  the  Englishmen  came  out  of  the  toune,  one  part  by  the  posterne  of 
the  Castle,  and  another  part  by  the  gate  of  the  toune,  criyng  sainct  George,  Salisbury: 
and  set  on  their  enemies  bothe  before  and  behind.  The  Frenchmen  scyng  the  corage  of 
the  Englishmen,  and  hearyng  their  crie,  thyokyng  that  therle  of  Salisbury  was  come  to 
raise  the  siege,  ramie  awaie  like  shepe,  and  there  wer  taken,  slain  and  drouned  in  the  water,  • 
of  them.  iiii.  thousand  men  and  mo.  Beskles  this,  these  ioly  galhuUes  left  behyndc  theim 
for  hast,  all  their  tentes.  xiiii.  greate  gonnes,  and.  xl.  barrelles  of  pourier.  CCC.  pipes  of 
wine,  CC.  pipes  of  bisket  and  fioure,  CC.  frailes  of  Figges  and  resons,  and.  v.C.  barrelles 
of  heryng. 

THE  Frenchmen  (beyng  thus  vanquished)  fel  in  diuision  emongest  theunselfes  :  the  one 
laiyng  to  the  charge  of  the  other,  the  losse  of  their  men  and  the. cause  of  their  fliyng. 
Sucheis  euer  the  chauce  of  the  war,  that  when  victorie  is  obteined,  the  moste  coward  and  faint 
harted  boy  will  boste  and  bragge,  and  when  the  battaill  is  loste,  the  faulte  is  assigned  to  the 
beste,  and  not  to  the  wourste.  The  newe  Constabte  was  sore  dismaied  &  muche  ashamed  of 
this  discomfiture  and  shamefull  flight,  but  there  was  no  remedy  but  pacience :  But  to  the 
entent  to  blotte  out  and  deface  this  shatnfull  fliyng  with  a  notable  victory,  he  with  a  great 
armie  entered  into  the  countrey  of  Aniowe,  and  brente,  spoyled  and  destroyed  two  or  thre 
at  the  moste,  litle  poore  thetched  villages:  Whiche  smal  acte  done,  his  malice  was  queched, 
£  his  old  grief  (as  he  thought)  victoriously  reuenged. 

•  S  IN 

130  THE.   IIIJ.  YFJIE  OF 

IN  this  season  fell  a  greate  diuision  in  the  realiue  of  England,  which,  of  a  sparcle  was; 
like  to  growe  to  a  Create  flame  :  For  whether  the  bishop  of  Winchester  called  Henry  Beau- 
fort, sonne to  Ihon  Duke  of  Lancastre,  by  his  third  wife,  cnuied  tlie  authoritee  of  Hum- 
freyduke  of  Gloucester  Protector  of  the  realmc,  or  whether  the  duke  had  taken  disdain  at 
the  riches  and  pompous  estate  of  the  bishop,  sure  it  is  that  the  whole  realm  was  troubled 
with  them  and  their  partakers:  so  that  the  eitezens  of  London  fearvng  that  that  should  in- 
sue  vpon  the  matter,  wer  faine  to  kepe  daily  and  nightly,  watches,  as  though  their  enemies 
were  at  hande,  to  besiege  and  destroye  them:  In  so  inuchc  that  all  the  shoppes  within  the 
citie  of  London  wer  shut  in  for  feare  of  the  fauorers  of  those  two  greate  personages,  for 
eche  parte  had  assembled  no  small  n ombre  of  peoj)le.  For  paciliyng  whereof,  tiie  Arche- 
bishop  of  Cantorbury,  and  the  duke  of  Quymbcr  called  the  prince  of  Portyngalc,  rode 
eight  tymes  in  one  daie  betwene  the  twoo  aduersaries,  and  so  the  matter  was  staied  for  that 
tyme.  The  bishoppe  of  Winchester  not  content  with  his  nephewe  the  lorde  Protector, 
sente  a  letter  to  the  Kegente  of  Fraunce,  the  tenor  wherof  insueth. 

"  RIGHT  high  and  mighty  prince,  and  my  right  noble  and  after  one,  leuest  lord,  I 
recommend  me  vnto  you  with  all  my  harte.  And  as  you  desire  the  welfare  of  the  kyng  our 
souereigne  lord,  and  of  his  realmes  of  England  and  Fraunce,  and  your  a\vne  health  and 
ours  also,  so  hast  yon  hether.  For  by  my  trouth  if  you  tary,  we  shall  put  tin's  lande  in  ad- 
uenture,  with  a  felde,  suchc  a  brother  you  haue  here,  God  make  hym  a  good  man.  For 
your  wiscdom  knouclh,  that  the  profile  of  Fraunce  stiideth  in  the  welfare  of  England,  &c. 
Written  in  great  hast  on  Alhallow  euen.  By  your  true  seruant  to  my  lifes  ende.  Henry 

THE  duke  of  Bedford  beyng  sore  greued  and  vnquieted  with  these  newes,  constituted  the 
erleof  Warwicke,  whiche  was  lately  come  into  Fraunce,  with  sixe  thousande  men  his  lieuete* 
minute  in  the  Frenche  dominions  and  in  the  duchy  of  Normandy,  and  so  with  a  small  company, 
he  with  the  duches  his  wife,  returned  again  ouer  the  seas  into  Englad  and  the  tenth  day  of 
lanuary,  he  was  with  all  solemnitie  receiued  into  London,  to  whom  the  eitezens  gaue  a 
paire  of  basynnes,  and  a  thousande  marke  in  money,  and  from  London  he  rode  to  West- 
minster, and  was  lodged  in  the  kynges  palaice.  The.  xxv.  daie  of  Marche  after  his  comyng 
to  London,  a  parliamet  began  at  the  toune  of  Leicester,  where  the  Duke  of  Bedford  open- 
ly rebuked  the  Lordes  in  generall,  because  thit  they  in  the  tyme  of  warre,  through  their 
prkiie  malice  and  inward  grudge,  had  almostc  meued  the  people  to  warre  and  coinmocion, 
in  which  tyme  all  men,  ought  or  should  be  of  one  mynde,  harte  and  consent:  requiryng 
them  to  defend,  serue  and  drede  their  soueraigne  lorde  kyng  Henry,  in  perfourmyng  his 
conquest  in  Fraunce,  whiche  was  in  maner  brought  to  conclusion,  in  this  parliament  the 
Duke  of  Gloucester,  laied  certain  articles  to  the  bishop  of  Winchesters  charge,  the 
whiche  with  the  aasweres  herafter  do  ensue. 

«f  The  articles  of  accusation,  and  accord,  betwene  my  Lord  of  Gloucester!,  and  my 

lorde  of  Wynchester. 

HEre  insueth  the  articles,  as  the  kynges  counsaill  hath  conceiued,  the  which  the  high 
and  mighty  prince,  my  lord  of  Gloucester,  hath  surmised  vpon  my  Lord  of  Wynchester 
Chancellour  of  Englande,  with  the  ansvrere  to  thesame. 

1  FIRST,  where  as  he  beyng  protector  and  defender  of  this  lande,  desired  the  toure  to  be 

opened  to  him,  and  to  lodge  him  therein,  Richard  Woodeuile  esquire,  hauyng  at  that 
jyme  the  charge  of  the  kepyng  of  the  toure,  refused  his  desire,  and  kepte  the  same  toure 
against  hym,  vnduly  and  against  reason,  by  the  commaundement  of  my  saied  Lord  of 
Winchester :  and  afterward  in  approuyng  of  thesaid  refuse,  he  receiued  thesaid  Wodeuile, 
and  cherished  hym  against  the  state  and  worship  of  the  kyng,  and  of  my  saied  lorde  of 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  131 

ITEM  my  said  lorde  of  Winchester,  without  the  aduise  and  assent  of  my   said  lorde  of     2 
Gloucester,  or  of  the  kynges  counsail,  purposed  and  disposed  hym  to  set  liande  on  the 
kynges  persone,  and  to  haue  remoucd  hym  from  Eltham,   the  place  that  he  was  in  to  Wind- 
sore,  to  the  entent  to  put  him  in  suchegouernaunce  as  him  list. 

ITEM,  that  where  my  said  lord  of  Gloucester,  to  whom  of  al  persones  or  that  should  3 
be  in  the  lande,  by  the  waie  of  nature  and  birthe,  it  belongeth  to  se  the  gouernaunce  of 
the  kynges  person,  informed  of  the  said  vndue  purpose  of  my  saied  lord  of  Winchester, 
declared  in  the  articles  nexte  aboue  saied.  And  in  lettyng  thereof,  determinyng  to  haue 
gone  to  EltbFi  vnto  the  king,  to  haue  prouided  as  the  cause  required.  My  saied  lorde  of 
Winchester,  vntruly  and  against  the  kynges  peace,  to  the  entent  to  trouble  my  said  lord 
of  Gloucester  goyng  to  the  kyng  purposyng  his  death  in  case  that  he  had  gone  that  way, 
set  men  of  armes  and  archers,  at  thende  of  London  bridge  next  Southwerke :  and  in  for- 
barryng  of  the  kynges  high  way,  let  drawe  the  cheineof  the  stulpes  there  and  set  vp  pipes 
and  hardelles,  in  maner  and  forme  of  Bulwarkes:  and  set  men  in  chambers,  sellers  and 
windowes,  with  bowes  and  arrowes  and  other  weapons,  to  thentent  to  bryng  to  final  de- 
struccion  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucesters  persone,  aswcll  us  of  those  that  then  should  come 
with  hym. 

ITEM  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester  saith  and  affirmeth,  that  our  souereignc  lorde  his  4 
brother,  that  was  kyng  Henry  the  fifth,  told  hym  on  a  time,  when  our  said  souereigne 
lorde  beyng  prince,  was  lodged  in  the  palaice  of  Westminster  in  the  greate  chambre,  by  the 
noyse  of  a  spanyell  there  was  on  a  night  a  man  espied  and  taken  behynd  a  t.ipet  of  the  said 
chambre,  the  whiche  man  was  deliuered  to  therle  of  Arundell  to  be  examined  vpon  the 
cause  of  his  beyng  there  at  that  tyme.  The  which  so  examined  at  that  time,  confessed  that 
he  was  there  by  the  steryng  vp  and  procuryng  of  my  saied  Lorde  of  Winchester,  ordained 
to  haue  slain  thesaied  prince  there  in  his  bedde:  Wherfore  thesaid  erle  of  Arrudell  let 
sacke  hym  forthwith,  and  drouned  hym  in  the  Thamise. 

ITEM  our  souereigne  lorde  that  was,  kyng  Henry  the  fifth,  said  vnto  my  said  lorde  of  ^ 
Gloucester,  that  his  father  kyng  Henry  the  fourth  lining,  and  visited  then  greatly  with  sickc- 
nes  of  the  hande  of  God,  my  saied  lorde  of  Winchester  saied  vnto  the  kyng  (Henry  the  fifth 
then  beyng  prince)  that  the  kyng  his  father,  so  visited  with  sickcnessc  was  not  personable: 
and  therfore  not  disposed  to  come  in  conuersacion  and  gouernaunce  of  the  people,  and  for 
so  uuichc  couasailed  hym  to  take  the  gouernaunce  and  croune  of  this  lande  vpon  hym. 

f  The  answere  of  the  bishop. 

HEre  enfiueth  the  answeresand  excusacions  made  by  my  lord  of  Wynchester  Chauncel- 
lour  of  Englande,  vnto  the  causes  and  matters  of  heuinesse,  declared  in  articles  against 
hym,  by  my  lorde  of  Gloucester. 

FIRST,  as  of  the  refuse  made  vnto  my   Lord   of  Gloucester,  of  opcnyng  the  toure  to 
hym,  of  his  lodgyng  therin,  by  the  coinanndement  of  my  saied  lorde  of  Wynchester,  he 
answercth :  that  in  the  presence  of  my  said  lorde  of  Gloucester,  before  his  commyng  out  of 
his  countey  of  Henawd,  for  causes  such  as  wer  thought  reasonable,  it  seineth  lefull  that  the 
toure  should  haue  been  notably  stuft'ed  and  kept  with  vitaile,  how  belt,   it  was  not  forthwith 
executed,  and  that  in  likewise  after,  that  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester  was  gone  into  his  saied 
countrey  of  Henawd  for  scdicious  and  odious  billes  &  language,  cast  and  vsed  in  the  cite  of 
London,    sounyng  of  insurreccion    &  rebellion  against  the  kinges  peace,   and  destruccion 
aswel  of  diuerse  estates  of  this  land,  as  straungers  beyng  vnder  the  defence,  in  so  muche 
that  in  doubt  therof,  straungers  in  great  nombre  fled  the  land--  &  for  the  more  sure  kepyng  of 
thesaid  toure,  Richard  Wooduile  squire,  so  trusted  with  y  kyng  our  souereigne  lorde  that 
dead  is,    (as  wel  ye  knowe)  and  also  chamberlain  &  counsauer  vnto  my  lord  of  Bedford, 
with  a  certain  nombre  of  defensible  persones  assigned  vnto  him,  was  made  deputie  ther,  by 
thassent  of  J  kynges  cousail  being  that  tyme  at  London,  for  to  abide  therin  forsafe<*ard  ther- 


132  THE.  IIIJ.  YERE  OF 

of,  and  straightly  charged  by  thesaied  counsaill,  that  duryng  that  tyme  of  his  saied  charge,  he 
should  not  suffreany  man  to  bee  in  the  toure  stronger  then  hymself,  without  especial  charge 
or  cominaundement  of  the  kyng  by  thaduise  of  his  counsaill. 

ITEM  that  after,  sone  vpon  the  comyng  of  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester  into  this  lande 
from  his  countrey  of  Henawd,  the  saied  lordes  of  the  kynges  counsaill  were  enformed,  that 
my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester,  grudged  with  thesaid  maner  of  enforcyng  the  toure,  and  let 
sale  to  the  of  London,  that  he  had  wel  vnderstand,  that  they  had  been  heuyly  thretened  for 
the  tyme  of  his  absence,  and  otherwise  then  they  should  haue  bcne  if  he  had  be  in  this  land. 
Wherfore  he  was  right  euil  contented,  &  especial  of  the  said  forcyng  of  the  toure,  set  vpon 
the  in  maner  of  a  chast  vilain.  Consideryng  the  good  equitie  and  trouthe  that  thei  had  al- 
wayes  kept  vnto  the  kyng,  offeryng  them  therupon  remedy  if  they  would. 

3  ITEM  that  after   this,  Richard  Scot  liuetenaunt  of  the  toure,  by  the  coinmaundemet  of 
my  said  lorde  of  Gloucester,  brought  vnto  hym  Frier  Randolfe,  the  whiche  had  long  before 
confessed  treason,  doen  by  hym  against  the  kynges  person  that  dead  is,  for  the  whiche  know- 
ledge he  was  put  to  be  kepte  in  the   saied  toure,  and  straightly  commaunded  vnder  great 
paingeuen  vnto  the  saied  Scotte,  to  kepe  hym  straightly  and  surely,  and  not  to  let  hym  out 
of  the  saied  toure,  without  commaudement  of  the  kyng,   by  thaduise  of  his  counsail.     The 
which  saied  Frier  Randolf,  my  said  of  lorde  Gloucester  kept  then  with  hymself  (not  wittyng 
the  said  Scot)  as   he  declared  vnto  my  said  lorde  of  Winchester.     Sone  after  that  he  had 
brought  the  said  Frier  Randolf  vnto  my  lorde  of  Gloucestre,  saiyng  vnto  my  saied  lorde  of 
Winchester,  that  he  was  vndone  but  he  helped  hym,  and  expressed  as  for  cause  of  the  saied 
withholdyng  of  Frier  Randolf:  And  saying  more  ouer,  that  when   he  desired  of  my  said 
lorde  of  Gloucestre,  the  deliueraunce  of  the  said  Frier  Randolfe,  to  leade  hym  again  vnto 
the  toure,  or  sufficient  warraunt  for  his  discharge,  my  said  Lorde  of  Gloucestre  aunswered 
hym,  that  his  cominaundement  was  sufficient   warraunt  and  discharge  for  hym.     In  the 
whiche  thyng  aboue  saied,  it  was  thought  to  my  Lorde  of  Wynchester,  that  my  saied  lorde 
of  Gloucester,    toke  vpon  hym  further  then  his  authoritie  stretched  vnto,   and  caused  hym 
for  to  doubte  &  dreade,  leaste  that  he  would  haue  proceaded  further.     And  atsuche  tyme  as 
the  saied  Woodeuile  came  vnto  him  to  aske  his  aduise  and  counsaill,  of  lodgyng  of  my  saied 
lorde  of  Gloucester  into  the  toure  :  he  aduised  and  charged  him,  that  before  he  suffered  my  said 
lorde  of  Gloucester  or  any  person  lodge   therin  stronger  then  hymself,  he  should  purvey 
hym  a  sufficient  warraunt  therof,  of  the  kyng  by  thaduise  of  his  counsaill. 

4  ITEM  as  to  the  saied  article  of  the  foresaied  causes  of  heuinesse,  my  saied   Lorde  the 
Chaunccllor  answereth,  that  he  neuer  purposed  to  set  hande  on  the  kynges  person,  nor  to 
remoue  hym,  or  that  he  shoulde  bee  remoued,  or  put  in  any  maner  of  gouernaunce,  but  by 
thaduise  of  the  kynges  counsaill.     For  he  could  not  conceiue  any  maner  of  goodnes  or  of 
aduauntage  that  might  haue  growen  vnto  hym  therof:  But  rather  grcate  perill  and  charge,  and 
hereof  my  saied  Lorde  of  Winchester  is  redy  to  make  profe  in  tyme  and  place  conuenient. 

5  ITEM,  as  to  the  third  article  of  the  farsaid  causes  and  heuinesse,  my  said  lorde  Chaan- 
cellor  answereth,  that  he  was  ofte  and  diuerse  tymes  warned  by  diuerse  credible  persones, 
aswell  at  the  tyme  of  the  kynges  laste  Parliament,  holden  at  Westminster,  as  before  and 
cithe,  that  my  said  lorde  of  Gloucester,  purposed  him   bodely  harme,  and  was  warned 
therof,  and  counsailed  by  the  saied  persones,  and  that  diuerse  tymes  to  abstain  hym  fro 
commyng  to  Westminster,  as  my  said  Lorde  of  Winchester  declared  vnto  my  saied  lorde  of 

6  ITEM,  that  in  the  tyme  of  thesaied  Parliament  diuerse  persones  of  lowe  estate,  of  the 
citee  of  London  in  great  nobre,  assembled  on  a  daie  vpon  the  Wharffe,  at  the  Crane  of  the 
Vintry,  wished  and  desired  that  they  had  there  the   persone  of   my  Lord  of  Winchester, 
saiyng:  that  they  would  haue  throwen  hym  into  the  Thamise,  to  haue  taught  hym  to  swymme 
with  winges.     For  whiche  bilies  and  language  of  slander  and  threatenynges,  cast  &  spoken 
in  the  said  cite,  by  my  said  lord   the  Chancellor,  caused  hym  to  suppose,  that  they  had  so 
saied  and  did,  willed  and  desired  his  destruceion,  although  they  had  no  cause. 



ITEM,  that  after  the  comyng  to  London  of  sir  Raufc  Botiller  and  master  Lewes,  sent  7 
fro  my  Lorde  of  Bedford,  to  the  rest  of  the  lordes  of  the  counsaill,  they  beyng  in- 
formed that  my  saied  Lorde  of  Gloucester,  did  beare  displeasure  to  rny  saied  Lorde  of  Win- 
chester: They  catne  to  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester  to  his  Ynne,  the  second  Sondaie  next 
before  Alballowen  daie,  and  there  opened  vnto  him,  that  they  had  knowledge  and  vnder- 
derstandyng  of  thesaied  displeasure,  praiyng  hym  to  lette  theim  knowe  if  he  -bare  suche 
displeasure  against  my  saied  Lorde  of  Winchester,  and  also  the  causes  thereof.  At  the 
whiche  tyme  (as  my  said  lorde  of  Winchester  was  afterward  informed)  that  my  sated  lorde 
of  Gloucester,  affirmed  that  he  was  heuy  towarde  hym,  and  not  withoutten  causes  that  par- 
aduenture  he  would  put  in  vvrityng. 

ITEM,  that  after  the  Modaie  next  before  Alhallowen  daie  last  past  in  the  night,  the  8 
people  of  thesaid  citee  of  London,  by  the  commaundement  of  my  said  lorde  of  Glouces- 
ter, as  it  was  said:  For  what  cause  my  lorde  the  Chancellor  wist  not,  assembled  in  the 
citee,  armed  and  arraied  and  so  continued  all  that  night.  Emongest  diuerse  of  the  whiche, 
(the  same  night  by  what  excitacion,  my  said  lorde  the  Chauncellor  wist  not)  seclicious  and 
heuie  language  was  vsed,  and  in  especiall  against  the  persone  of  my  saied  lorde  the  Chauti- 
cellor.  And  so  the  same  Mondaie  at  night,  my  saied  Lorde  of  Gloucester,  sent  vnto  the- 
Ynnes  of  Courte  at  London,  chargyng  them  of  the  Court  dwellyng  in  thesame  to  be  with 
hym  vpon  the  morowe,  at  eight  of  the  clocke  in  their  best  arraie. 

ITEM  that  on  the  morowe,  beyng  Tewesday  next  folowyng  early,  my  saied  lorde  of  9 
Gloucester,  sent  vnto  the  Maire  and  Aldermen  of  the  saied  citee  of  London,  to  ordain  hyrn 
vnto  the  nombre  of  three  hundred  persones  on  horssebaeke,  to  accompany  hym  to  suche 
place  as  he  disposed  hym  to  ride,  which  (as  it  was  saied)  was  vnto  the  kyng,  to  thentent  to 
haue  his  persone,  and  to  remoue  hym  from  the  place  that  he  was  in,  without  assent  or 
aduise  of  the  kynges  counsail,  the  whiche  thyng  was  thought  vnto- my  saied  lorde  the  Chaun- 
cellor, that  he  ought  in  nowise  to  haue  doen,  nor  had  not  been  sene  so  before. 

ITEM  that  mv  saied  lorde  the  chauncellor,  consideryng  the  thynges  aboue  said,  and  10 
doubtyng  therfore  of  perelles  that  might  haue  insued  thereof,  intendyng  to  purueye  there 
against,  and  namely  for  his  awne  suretie  and  defence,  accordyng  to  the  lawe  of  nature,  or- 
dained to  let  that  no  force  of  people,  should  come  on  the  bridge  of  London  towarde  hym, 
by  the  whiche  he  or  his  might  haue  been  indaungered  or  noyed,  not  intendyng  in  any  wise, 
bodely  harme  vnto  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester,  nor  to  any  other  person,  but  ouely  his 
awne  defence  end  eschcwyng  the  perell  abouesaied. 

ITEM  as  toward  the  fourth  and  iifth  of  the  saied  articles,  my  loide  the  Chauncellor  an-  j  j 
swereth,  that  he  was  eucr  true,  to  al  those  that  wer  his  soueraigne  Lordes,  and  reigned 
vpon  hym,  and  that  he  neuer  purposed  treason  nor  vntrouth  against  any  of  their  persones, 
and  in  especiall  against  the  persone  of  our  saied  soueraigne  lorde  kyng  Henry  the  fifth. 
The  whiche  consideryng  the  greate  wisedome,  trouthe  and  manhod,  that  al  men  knewe  in 
hym,  ne  would  not  for  the  tyme  that  he  was  kyng,  haue  set  on  my  said  lorde  the  Chauncel- 
lor so  greate  truste  as  he  did,  if  he  had  founde,  or  thought  in  hym  suche  vntrouthe.  The 
whiche  thyng  tny  saied  Lorde  the  Chauncellor,  olfred  to  declare  and  shewe,  as  it  belogeth 
to  a  man  of  his  estate  to  do,  requiryng  thervpon  my  lord  of  Bedford,  and  all  the  lordes 
spiritual!  and  temporal  in  this  parliamet,  that  it  might  be  sene,  that  there  wer  judges  co- 
uenient  in  this  case,  that  they  would  do  hym  right,  or  els  that  he  might  haue  leaue  of  the 
kyng  by  their  aduise,  to  go  sue  his  right,  before  hym  y  ought  to  be  his  iudge. 

AND  as  towarde  the  letter  sent  by  my  lord  of  Winchester,  vnto  my  lord  of  Bedford,  jg 
of  the  whiche  the  tenor  is  before  rehersed,  of  the  which  my  lorde  of  Gloucestre  complain- 
ed hym  of  the  malicious  and  vntrue  purpose  of  my  said  lord  of  Winchester,  as  toward 
the  assernblyng  of  the  people  and  gatheryng  of  a  feld  in  the  kynges  lade  in  troublyng  there-f, 
and  against  thelcinges  peace:  My  said  lorde  of  Winchester  answereth,  that  of  his  said  let- 
ters duely  vnderstande,  &  in  suche  wise  as  he  vnderstod  and  meant  in  the  writyng  of  them, 
it  maie  not  reasonably  be  gathered  and  taken,  that  my  saied  lorde  of  Winchester,  intended- 


THE,  1113.  YERE  OF 

to  gather  any  fe!d  or  assemble  people,  in  troublyng  of  the  kynges  land,  and  against  the 
fringes  peace,  but  rather  he  purposed  to  acquitc  hyin  to  the  kyng  in  his  trouthe,  and  to 
kepe  the  rest  and  peace  in  the  kytigcs  land,  and  to  eschew  rebellion,  disobedience  and  all 
trouble.  For  by  that  that  in  the  begin  nyng  of  the  said  letter,  he  callcth  my  said  lorde  of 
Bedford,  his  Icuest  lorde,  after  one,  that  is  the  kyng,  whom  he  ought  to  except  of  dutie  of 
hio  t ron the,  the  whiche  he  imth  euer  kept  and  will  kcpe. 

13  MOREOVER  in  the  saicd  letlre,  he  desireth  the  commyng  home  of  my  Lorde  of  Bed- 
forde,  for  the  welfare  of  the  kyng  and  of  his  realmes  of  England  and   of  I'raunce.  the 
whiche  stande  principally  in  his  kcpyng  of  rest  and  peace,  and  praicth  my  saied  lorde  of 
Bedford,   to  spede  his  commyng  into  England,  in  cscliewyng  of  ieoperdy  of  the  land,  and 
of  a  felde  the  whiche  he  drade  hym,   might  haue  folowed  if  he  had  long  taried :  As  toward 
those  wordes,  and  ye  tary  we  shall  put  this  land  in  aduenture  with  a  feld,  suche  a  brother 
ye  liaue  here,  &c.     My  saicd  lord  of  Winchester  saieth,  lhesothei§:  before  or  he  wrote 
thesaied  letter,  by  occasion  of  certain  ordinaunces,  made  by  the  Mairc  and  Aldermen  of 
London,  against  the  excess! ue  taking  of  Masons,   Carpentars,  Tilers,  Plasterers  and  other 
laborers,   for  their  daily  iorneis  and  approued  by  the  kynges  aduise  and  his  counsaill,  there 
were  caste  many  heuinesses  and  sedicious  billes,  vnder  the  names  of  suche  laborers,  thret- 
enyng  risyug  with  many  thousandes,  and  manassyng  of  estates  of  the  lando,  and  likewise 
sedicious  and  euill   language  sowen,  .and  .so  continued  and  likely  to  haue  sued  of  purpose 
and  intent  of  disobedience  and  rebellion.     To  redressyng  of  the  v.hiche,  it  seined  to  my 
forde  the  Chauncellor,  that  my  said  lorde  of  Gloucester,  did  not  his  endeuor,  nor  diligence 
that  he  might  haue  shewed,  for  lacke  of  whiche  diligence,   they  that  were  disposed  to  do 
disobeysaunce,  were  incoraged  and  inboldened.     So  that  it  was  like  that  they  should  haue 
made  a  gathcryng,  and  that  the  kyng  and  his  true  subiectes,  should  haue   been    compelled 
to  haue  made  a  felde,  to  haue  withstand  theim,  the   which    feld  makyng   had   been     ad- 
tienturyng  of  this  lande.     And  in  tokenyng  that  it  was  neucr  my  said  lorde   Chauncellors 
intent  to  gather  no  feld,  but  as  trouth  moste  stirred  hyin  against  suche  as  riotously,    would 
make  suche  assemble  against   our  soueraigne  Lorde,  and    the  weale  of  this  land :  He  de- 
sired   so    hastely,  the  commyng  of  my  saied  Lorde  of  Bedforde,  the  whiche  he  would   in 
no  wise  haue  so  greatly  desired,  if  he  would  haue  purposed  hym  vnto  any  vnlawful  makyng 
of  a  feld,  for  he  wist  wel  that  my  said  lorde  of  Bedford  would  moste  sharply  haue  chastised 
and  punished,  all  those  that  so  would  any  riotous  assehle  make.     When  this  answere  was 
made,   the  duke  caused  this  writyng  folowyng,  opely  to  be  proclaymed. 

14  Beit   knowen  to  all  folkes,  that  it  is  the  intent  of  my  lord  of  Bedford,  and  all  the  lordes 
spiritual!  and  temporal!,  assembled  in  this  present  parliament,  to  acquite  hym  and  them, 
and  to   precede   truly,  iustely  and  indifferently,  without  any  parcialitie,  in  any  maner  of 
matters  or  querelles,  moued  or  to  bee  moued,  betwene  my    Lorde  of  Gloucester,  on   that 
one  partie,  and  my  lorde  of  Winchester,   Chauncellor  of  England   on  that  other   party. 
And  for  sure  kcping  of  the  kynges  peace,  it  is  accorded  by  my  saied  lorde  of  Bedford,  and 
by  my  saied  lordes  spiritual  and  temporal!,  an  othe  to  be  made,   in  forme  that  foloweth, 
that  is  to  saie. 

f  The  Othe  of  the  lordes. 

TMat  my  saied  lorde  of  Bedford,  and  my  saied  lordes  spiritual  and  temporal,  and  eche 
of  them,  shal  as  farfurth  as  their  connynges  and  discrecions  suffisen,  truly,  iustly,  and  in- 
differently, cousaill  and  aduise  the  kyng,  and  also  procede  and  acquite  them  self,  in  al  the 
said  matters  and  quarelles,  without  that  they,  or  any  of  theim,  shall  priuely  and  appertly, 
make  or  shewe  hymself  to  be  party  or  parciall  thcrin,  not  leuyng  or  eschewyng  so  to  do, 
for  affcccion,  loue,  mede,  doubt,  or  dreade  of  any  persoue  or  persones.  And  that  they 
shall  in  all  wise,  kepe  secrete  all  that  shalbe  commoned  by  waie  of  counsuill,  in  the  mat- 
ters and  quarelles  abouesaid,  in  the  said  parliament,  without  that  they  or  any  of  them  shall 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  135 

by  worde,  writyng  of  the  kyng,  or  in  any  wise  open,  or  discouer  it  to  any  of  thesaid  par- 
ties, or  to  any  other  person  that  is  not  of  the  saied  counsail.  But  if  lie  haue  a  speciall 
commaundement  or  leaue  thereto  of  tlie  kyng,  or  of  my  saied  lorde  of  Bedfordc,  and  that 
eche  of  them  shall,  with  all  his  might  and  power,  assist  by  waie  of  counsaill,  and  els  shewc 
it  vnto  tlie  kyng,  my  lordc  of  Bedibrdc,  and  to  the  rest  of  my  said  lordes,  to  put  the  said 
parties  to  reaso,  and  not  suffer  that  any  of  the  saied  parties,  by  them  or  by  their  assistentes, 
procede  or  attempte  by  waie  of  feit  against  the  kynges  peace:  nor  helpe,  assiste,  or  comfort 
any  of  them  thereto,  but  let  them  witli  all  their  might  and  power,  and  withstands  them, 
and  assist  vnto  the  kyng  and  my  saied  Lord  of  Bedfordc,  in-kepyng  of  the  kynges  peace, 
and  redressyng  all  such  maner  of  procedyng  by  waie  of  foil  or  force. 

5f  The  Dukes.  The  Lord  Cromcwell. 

The  Duke  of  Bedford.  The  Lord  Bovoughth. 

The  Duke  of  Norffolke.  The  Lord  Louell. 

The  Duke  of  Excestrc.  The  Lord  Botreux. 

<f  Bisshoppes.  The  Lord  Clynton. 

The  Archebishop  of  Canterbury-  The  Lord  Zouche. 

The  Bishop  of  Carlisle.  The  Lord  Audeley. 

The  Bishop  of  Bathe.  The  Lord  Ferreis  of  Grobv. 

The  Bishop  of  Landaffe.  The  Lord  Talbot. 

The  Bishop  of  Rochestre.  The  Lord  Roos. 

The  Bishop  of  Chichcster.  The  Lord  Grey. 

The  Bishop  of  Worcester.  The  lord  Grey  of  Ruff 

The  Bishop  of  Sainct  Dauies.  The  Lord  Fitzwalter. 

The  Bishop  of  London.  The  Lord  Berkeley. 

The  Bishop  of  Durcsme.  «f  Abhottes. 

^jErles.  The  Abbot  of  Waltlmm. 

The  Erie  of  Northumberlande.  The  Abbot  of  Glaustinbtiry. 

The  Erie  of  Staffurde.  The  Abbot  of  saincte  Augustines  in  Can- 

The  Erie  of  Oxforde.  torbury. 

Lordes.  The  Abbot  of  Westminster. 

The  Lord  Hungerforde.  The  Abbot  of  Sainct  Maries  in  Yorko. 

Tlie  Lord  Tiptoft.  The  Abbot  of  saincte  Albons,  not  sworn*- 

The  Lord  Ponyngcs.  because  hewas  not  presente. 

WHICHE  othe  in  maner  and  forme  aboue  rehersed,  all  the  lordes  aswell  spirituall  a« 
temporal!,  beyng  in  this  parliamft  at  Leicester  assembled  the  tburthe  daic  of  Marche,  pro- 
mised vpon  their  faithe,  dutie  and  allegeaunce,  whiche  they  owe  to  the  kyng  their  soueraigne 
Lorde,  truly  to  obserue  and  kepe,  accordyng  to  the  true  meanyng  and  purport  of  thesame 

^[  The  Arbitrement. 

IN  the  name  of  God,  we  Henry  Archebishop  of  Canterbury,  Thomas  Duke  of.  Excester, 
Ihon  Duke  of  Norffolke,  Thomas  bishop  of  Duresme,    Philip  bishop  of  Worcester,   Ihon 
bishop  of  Bathe,    Humfrey  erle  of  Stafford,  William  Alnewike  keper  of  the  kynges  priuie 
Scale,   Ranffe  lorde  of  Cromwell,  arbitratoures  in  all  maner    of  causes,  matters  and  quarel.s 
of  heuinesses  and  greuaunces,  with  all  incidentz,  circumstaunces,  dependentes,  or.  connexes,  . 
lieyng  and  hagyng  betwene  the  high  and  worthy  prince  Hufrey  Duke  of  Gloucester,  on  tlie 
one  partie,  and  the  worshipful  father  in  God,  Henry  bishop  of  Winchester  and  Chauncellor 
of  England,  on  the  other  partie,  by  either  of  theim  for  the  peacyng  of  the  saied  quarelles  and- 
debate?,  taken  nnd  chosen  in  maner  and  forme;  as  it  is  conteined  more  plainly  in  a  compri- 
iresse  made  theiupon,  of  the  whiche  the  tenor  sheweth  in  this  forme. 

MEMORANDVM  the.  vii.  daie  of  Marche,  in  the.  iiij.  yere  of  our  soueraigne  Ijordeithe 
kyng,  Henry  the  sixt.  The  high  and  mightie  prince  Humfrey  duke. of  Gloucsstre,  atlbe  re- 

3  uerence 


ucrcncc  of  God,  and  for  the  good  of  the  kyng  our  soucraigne  Lorde  in  this  lande,  and  namely 
at  the  rcneix'ce,  and  specially  at  the  request  and  praier  of  the  mightie  and  highe  prince  my 
lord  of  Bedford  his  brother,  agreed  hym  to  put  and  putteth  all  maner  matters  and  queralles 
in  deede,  with  all  their  nicidentez,  circumstaunces,  dependentz  and  connexes,  that  touchen 
liyni  and  his  persone,  that  lie  hath  in  anywise,  do,  or  feleth  hym  greued,  or  heuy  against 
iny  lorde  his  vncle,  my  Lorde  of  Winchester.  Or  els  that  my  Lorde  of  Winchester  findeth 
him  greued  against  hym,  in  asmuchc  as  they  touch  hym  or  his  persone,  fro  the  beginnyng  of 
the  wbrlde  vnto  this  daie.  Jn  the  aduise,  ordinaunce  and  arbitrament  of  the  worthy  father 
in  GOD,  Henry  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  the  high  and  noble  prince  Thomas  duke  of  Ex  - 
'tester,  and  Ihon  duke  of  Norffolke,  the  worshipfull  father  in  God  Thomas  bishop  ofDu- 
resmc,  Philip  bishop  of  Worcester,  Iho  bishop  of  Bathe.  The  noble  lorde  Ilumfrey  erle  of 
Stafford,  the  worshipfull  persones,  Master  William  Alnewike  keperof  the  kynges  priuy  sealer 
and  Haufe  lorde  Crurmvel,  promisyng  and  behightyng,  by  the  faith  of  his  body,  and  worde 
of  his  princehode  and  kynges  sonne,  to  do  kepe,  obserue  and  fulfil,  for  hym  and  in  his  behalf, 
all  that  shalbe  declared,  ordeined  and  arbitred,  by  the  forsaid  Archebishop,  Dukes,  bishop- 
j>es,  Erie,  Keper  of  the  priuie  scale,  and  lorde  Cruwell,  in  all  matters  and  querelles  aboue 
saied:  Grauntyng  also  and  promisyng  ouer  that,  to  be  comprehended  in  the  forsaied  arbi- 
tretnent,  as  toward  puttyng  awaie  all  heuinesse  or  displeasures  in  any  wise  conteined  by 
my  lorde  of  Gloucester,  against  all  those  that  haue  in  any  wise  assisted,  counsailed,  or  fa- 
uorcd  vnto  his  said  vncle  of  Winchester,  and  as  toward  any  matters,  that  be  touchyng 
my  Lord  of  Gloucester,  remitteth  it  and  the  gouernaunce  thereof  vnto  the  kyng  and 
his  counsaill,  they  to  dome  it  by  the  aduise  of  his  counsaill,  as  hym  thynketh  it  to  be 
doen.  In  witncsse  of  the  whiche  thyng,  to  this  present  compromise,  my  said  lorde  of  Glou- 
cester, hath  subscribed  his  name  with  his  awne  hande,  Humfrey  Gloucester.  And  in  like 
forme,  my  Lorde  of  Winchester  in  another  compromise,  hath  suscribed  with  his  awne  hande, 
vnder  the  worde  of  priestehod,  to  stande  at  the  aduise,  ordinaunce  and  arbitremet  of  the 
persones  abouesaied,  Mutatis  Mutandis. 

THE  causes  beforsaied  and  querelles  by  vs  sene,  heard,  and  diligently  examined  and  de- 
creed, by  the  assent  of  the  saied  parties,  ordeine  and  award,  that  my  lordes  of  Gloucester 
and  of  W  inches ter,  for  any  thyng  doen  or  spoken,  by  that  one  purtie  against  that  other,  or  by 
any  of  theirs  or  any  other  persone  or  persones,  afore  the.  vii.  daie  of  this  present  Moncth  of 
Marche,  ncuer  hereafter  take  causes,  querelles,  displeasures  or  heuinesses,  that  one  against 
theother,  ne  nether  against  thecounsailers,  adherentes  or  fauorers  of  that  other,  for  any  thing 
or  thynges  that  are  past.  And  that  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester,  bee  good  Lorde  to  my 
saied  Lorde  of  Winchester,  and  haue  hym  in  loue  and  affeccion  as  his  kynsemen  and  Vncle. 
And  that  my  saied  Lorde  of  Winchester,  haue  to  my  saied  Lorde  of  Gloucester,  true  and 
s:\dde  loue  and  affeccion,  do  and  bee  ready  to  do  to  hym  suche  seruice,  as  aperteineth  of 
'honesty  to  my  saied  Lorde  of  Winchester  and  his  estate  todoo.  And  that  eche  of  theim  be 
good  Lord  vnto  all  those  adherentes,  counsailers  and  fauorers  of  that  other,  and  shewe  theim 
;it  all  tymes  fauorable  loue  and  affeccion,  as  for  any  thyng  doen  by  them,  or  saied  afore  the 
scuenth  daie  of  Marche. 

AND  we  derre,  ordaiue  and  awarde,  that  my  saied  Lorde  of  Wynchester,  in  the  pre- 
sence of  the  kyng  oure  soueraigne  Lorde,  my  Lorde  of  Bedfordr,  and  my  Lorde  of 
Gloucester,  and  the  rcsydue  of  the  Lordes  Spirituall  and  Temporal!,  and'  Commons 
beeyng  in  this  prcsente  Parlyamente,  saye  and  declare  in  maner  and  forme  that  foloweth. 

MY  soueraigne  Lorde  I  haue  well  vnderstande,  that  I  am  noysed  emong  the  states  of  your 
land,  how  that  the  kyng  our  soueraigne  lorde  that  was  that  tyme,  beyng  prince  and  lodged 
iu  thegreate  chambreat  Westminster,  by  the  baiyngof  a  spanyell,  there  was  on  a  night  taken, 
behynJ  a  tapet  in  thcsame  chamber,  a  man,  that  should  haue  confessed,  that  he  was  thereby 
myne  excitacion  and  procuryng  to  haue  slain  theforesaied  Prince  there  in  his  bedde,  where- 
vpon  thesaied  erle,  let  sacke  hym  furthwith,  and  drouned  hym  in  the  Thamise.  And  fur- 
thermore I  am  accused,  how  that  I  should  haue  stirred  the  kyng  that  last  died,  the  tyme  also 
that  he  was  Prince,  to  haue  taken  the  gouernaunce  of  this  rcalme,  and  the  croune  vpo  him, 

1  liuyng 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  137 

liuyng  his  father  the  same  tyme  beyng  kyng:  Through  whiche  language  and  uoysyng,  I  feie 
my  name  and  fame  greatly  emblemmisshed,  in  diuerse  inenhes  opinions.  Where  vpon  I  take 
h'rste  God  to  my  witnesse,  and  afterwarde  all  the  worlde,  that  I  haue  been  at  all  tymes,  £  am 
true  louer  and  true  man,  to  you  my  soueraigne  Lorde,  and  shalbe  all  my  life.  And  also  I 
haue  bene  to  my  soneraigne  lorde,  that  was  your  father,  all  tyme  of  his  reigne,  true  man: 
and  for  suche,  he  toke  trust  and  cherished  me  to  his  Hues  end,  and  as  I  trust  no  man  nil 
affirme  the  contrary,  nor  neuer  in  my  life  procuryng,  nor  imagenyng  death  nor  destruccio  of 
his  person,  ne  assentyng  to  any  such  thyn'g,  or  like  thereto,  the  tyme  that  he  was  kyng  or 
Prince,  or  els  in  other  estate.  And  in  like  wise,  I  was  true  man  to  Kyng  Henry  the.  iiij.  all 
the  tyme  that  he  was  my  soueraigne  lorde,  and  reigned  vpon  me:  In  which  matters,  in  all 
maner  of  wise,  that  it  liketh  to  you  my  soueraigne  lorde  for  to  commaunde  me,  I  am  ready 
for  to  declare  me:  And  furthermore,  where,  how  and  when,  it  shall  like  you  by  thaduise  of 
your  counsaill  to  assigne  me.  Wherefore  I  beseche  you  my  soueraigne  Lorde  as  humbly  as 
I  can  consideryng  that  there  is  no  grounded  processe,  by  the  v\  hich  I  might  lawfully,  in  these 
matters  aboue  saied  beconuict,  blessed  be  God,  to  holdeme  and  declare  me  by  thaduise  of 
al  the  lordes  spirituall  and  temporall,  beyng  in  this  presente  Parliament,  true  man  to  you 
my  soueraigne  lord,  &  so  to  haue  been  vnto  my  souereigne  lords  that  wer  your  fattier  and 
graudfather,  and  true  man  also,  to  haue  been  at  all  tymes  vnto  his  saied  father,  whilest  he 
was  Prince,  or  els  in  any  other  estate,  the  said  slaunder  and  noysyng  notwithstanding.  And 
this  same  declaracion  to  be  enacted,  in  this  your  saied  present  parliament. 

THE  which  wordes  declared  in  maner,  as  it  is  aboue  said  by  my  said  larde  of  Winchester, 
it  semeth  to  my  saied  lordes  the  arbitrators,  that  it  is  fittyng  that  my  said  lorde  of  Win- 
chester drawe  hym  a  part,  and  in  the  ineane  tyme,  the  Lordes  beyng  present,  bee  singulerly 
examined  thervpon  and  saie  their  aduise:  And  if  it  be  assented  by  theim  in  maner  as  my 
saied  lorde  of  Winchester  desireth,  let  hyin  be  called  again,  and  that  then  my  lord  of  Bed- 
ford, then  haue  these  wordes  in  effect  y  foloweV 

FAIRE  vncle,  my  Lord,  y  kyngs  grace  by  the  aduise  of  his  connsaill,  hath  comma  unded  me 
to  saie  to  you,  that  he  hath  well  vnderstande  and  considered  all  the  matters  whiche  ye  haue 
here  openly  declared  in  his  presence,  and  thereupon  ye  desire  a  peticion  that  he  will  declare 
you,  and  by  the  aduise  and  assent  of  the  lordes  spiritual!  an  dtemporall,  beyng  in  this  presente 
Parliamente,  he  declarethyou  a  true  man  to  hym,  and  that  ye  haue  so  bee  to  my  lorde  his  father 
and  his  graundfather,  and  also  true  man  to  my  Lorde  his  father  whiles  he  was  Prince  or  els 
in  any  other  estate,  thesaied  dislaunder  and  noysyng  notwithstandyrig :  And  will  that  the 
saied  declaracion  be  so  enacted  in  this  present  parliament.  After  the  whiche  wordes  thus 
saied,  as  before  is  declared,  by  thesaied  lordes  arbitratours  that  my  saied  lorde  of  Winchester 
should  haue  these  wordes  that folowcth,  to  my  saied  lorde  of  Gloucester. 

MY  Lorde  of  Gloucester,  I  haue  concerned  to  my  greate  hcuinesse  that  ye  should  haue 
receiued  by  diuerse  reportes,  that  I  should  haue  purposed  and  imagined  against  your  persone, 
honor  and  estate  in  diuerse  maners,  for  thewhich  ye  haue  take  against  me  great  displeasure 
Sir  I  take  God  to  my  witnes,  that  what  reportes  socuer  haue  been  to  you  of  me,  paraduen- 
ture  of  such  as  haue  had  no  greate  affeccion  to  me,  GOD  forgiuc  it  them,  I  neuer  imagined, 
ne  purposed  any  thyng  that  might  be  hyndcryng  or  preiudice  to  your  persone,  honor,  or  estate. 
And  therfore,  I  praie  you  that  ye  be  vnto  me  good  lord  from  this  time  furthe,  for  by  my 
will  I  gaue  neuer  other  occasion,  nor  purpose  not  to  do  herafter  through  Goddes  grace. 

The  whiche  wordes  so  by  hym  saied,  it  was  decreed  by  the  said  arbitratours,  that  my  lord 
of  Gloucester  should  answere  and  saie. 

Faire  Vncle,  sithe  ye  declare  you  suche  a  man  as  ye  saie,  I  am  right  glad  that  it  is  so  and 
for  suche  a  man  I  take  you. 

And  when  this  was  doen,  it  was  decreed  by  the  saied  arbitratours  that  euery  ech  of  my 
lordes  of  Gloucester  and  Winchester  should  take  either  other  by  trie  hande,  in  the  presence 
of  the  kyng  and  all  the  parliament,  in  signe  and  token  of  good  loue  and  accord,  the  whiche 
was  doen  and  the  Parliamet  was  adiourned  till  after  Easter. 

T  When 

138  THE.  IIIJ.  YERE  OF 

When  the  greate  fire  of  this  disceneion,  betwene  these  twoo  noble  personages,  was  thus 
by  the  arbitratours  to  their  knowledge  and  iudgement,  vtterly  quenched  out,  and  laied  vnder 
boord  all  other  controuersies  bttnene  other  Loroles,  takyng  parte  with  the  one  partie  or  the 
other,  wer  soue  apeased  and  brought  to  concord.  For  ioy  wherof,  the  kyng  caused  a  so- 
lepne  feast,  to  be  kept  on  Whitsou  sondaie,  on  the  whiche  daie,  he  created  Richard  Plan- 
tagenet,  sonne  and  heiretothe  erle  of  Cambridge  (whom  his  father  at  Hampton,  had  put  to 
execution,  as  you  before  haue  heurde)  Duke  of  Yorke,  not  forseyng  before,  that  this  pre- 
fermet  should  be  his  destruction,  nor  that  his  sede  should,  of  his  generacion,  bee  the  ex- 
treme ende  and  finall  confusion.  He  the  same  daie  also  promoted  Ihon  Lorde  Mowbrey 
and  Erie  Marshall,  sonne  and  heire  to  Thomas  duke  of  Norffolke,  by  kyng  Richard  the  se- 
conde  exiled  this  real  me  and  dominion,  to  the  title,  name,  and  stile  o;  the  Duke  of  Norflblke, 
duryng  whiche  feaste,  the  Duke  of  Bedforde  adourneJ  the  kyng  with  the  high  ordre  of 
Jknighthode,  whiche  on  thesame  daie  dubbed  with  the  swear  jd  these  knightes  whose  names 

Richard  Duke  of  Yorke.  Sir  Reignold  Cobharn. 

Ihon  Duke  of  Norffolke.  Sir  Ihon  Passheleue. 

The  erle  of  Westmerlande,  Sir  Thomas  Tunstall. 

Henry  lorde  Percie.  Sir  Ihon  Chedeocks. 

Ihon  lord  Butler,  sonne  to  therle  cf  Or-         Sir  Raufe  Langstre. 
naond.  Sir  William  Drurye. 

The  lord  Ilosse.  Sir  William  Ap  Thomas. 

The  lorde  Matrauers.  Sir  Richard  Caruonell. 

The  lorde  Welles.  Sir  Richard  Wooduile. 

The  lorde  Barkeley.  Sir  Ihon  Shirdclow. 

Sir  lames  Butler.  Sir  Nicholas  Blanket. 

Sir  Henry  Graye  of  Tankaruile.  Sir  William  Cheyney. 

Sir  Ihon  Talbot.  Sir  William  Babyngto  lustice. 

Sir  Raufe  Graye  of  Werke.  Sir  Raufe  Butler. 

-Sir  Robert  Veer.  Sir  Robert  Beauchapme. 

Sir  Richard  Grey.  Sir  Edmond  Trafford. 

Sir  Edmond  Hungerford.  -Sir  ILon  lune  chief  Baron,  and  diuerse 

Sir  Water  Wyngfeld.  other. 

Sir  Ihon  Buttelen. 

AFTER  this  solempne  feast  ended,  a  great  aide  and  subsidye  was  graunted,  for  the  conti- 
nuance of  the  conquest  in  Fraunce,  and  so  money  was  gathered,  and  men  wer  prepared 
in  euery  citee,  toune,  and  coutrey:  duryng  whiche  busines,  Thomas  duke  of  Excester,  the 
sadde,  wise  and  ivel  learned  cousailer,  great  vncle  to  the  kyng,  departed  out  of  this  mortal 
life,  at  his  manner  of  Grenewiche,  &  was  with  al  funeral  pompe,  conueyed  through  London 
to  Berry,  and  there  buried.  In  which  yere  also  died  the  Lady  Elizabeth  his  halfe  sister, 
&  of  the  whole  bloud  with  kyng  Henry  the.  iiij.  inaried  to  lorde  Ihon  Hollande  duke  of  Ex- 
cester and  after  to  the  lord  Fanhope,  buried  at  the  Blacke  Friers  of  London. 

WHILE  these  thynges  wer  thus  appoyntyng  and  concludyng  in  Englande:  The  erle  of 
Warwicke  leuetenaunt  for  the  Regente  in  the  reahne  of  Fraunce,  entered  into  the  countrey 
ofMayne,  and  besieged  the  toune  of  Chasteau  de  Loyre,  the  which  shortly  to  h'yrn  was  re- 
dered  wherof  he  madecapitain  Matthew  Gough  esquire.  After  that,  he  toke  by  assaute  the 
castle  of  Mayet,  and  gaue  it  for  his  valeauntnes  to  Iho  Winter  esquire,  &  after  that  he  con- 
quered the  castle  of  Lund,  and  made  there  governor,  William  Gladdisdale  gentleman.  At 
whiche  place  he  was  informed,  that  the  Frenchemen  were  assembled  together,  in  the  coun- 
trey of  Beausse,  wherforelike  a  valyaunt  capitain,  he  with  all  his  power  marched  thether- 
warde,  to  encountre  with  his  enemies,  and  to  fight  with  his  aduersaries,  whiche  hauyng 
knowledge  of  his  approchyng,  fled,  and  durste  not  abide  the  triall,  nor  jeopardy  the  aduen- 
ture,  and  in  his  returnyng,  he  beseged  the  Castle  of  Montdubkan,  whereof  was  capitain  sir 

4  Roberto 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  13.9 

Roberto  des  Croix,  whiche  siege  cotinued  thre  \vekes,  but  in  conclusion  the  Englishcmen, 
so  sore  charged  theim  with  in,  that  the  capitain  with  his  whole  company,  were  contente  to 
yelde  the  castle,  their  Hues  horse  and  harneis,  oncly  reseKued:  Wliiche  to  them  ivas  after 
long  consultacion  had,  and  many  agrementes  made  frankely  grauted.  And  the  saied  erle  of 
Warwicke,  leauyng  there  the  valeaunt  lorde  Willoughby,  returned  again  to  Paris.  Duryng 
whiche  season  he  was  ordained  by  the  assent  of  the  thre  estates  of  thcreahne  of  England  to 
be  gouernorof  the  young  kyng,  in  like  maner  as  the  noble  Duke  of  Excester  before  his  death 
was  appoynted  and  assigned,  but  yet  he  taried  still  in  Eraunce,  and  did  there  no  small  scr- 
uice  as  you  shall  here  after  percciue. 


THE  Regent  of  Fraunce  thus  beeyng  in  Englande,  meanes  was  made  by  the  Duke  of  Bur-  The.v.yere. 
goyne,  for  the  deliuery  of  the  Duke  of  Alanson,  whiche  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  battaill  of 
Vernoylelhe  last  yere.  So  he  for  the  some  of  twoo  hundred thousande  crounes,  was  deliuered 
and  set  at  large:  but  neither  for  release  of  all  or  abatement  of  part  of  his  raunsome,  he 
would  in  no  wise  acknowledge  the  kyng  of  Englande,  to  he  his  liege  and  soucreigne  Lorde: 
Suche  affeccion  bare  he  to  the  Dolphyn,  and  suche  troulh  shewed  he  to  his  natural  country.  • 
When  all  thynges  wer  concluded,  ordered  and  established,  bothe  for  the  conseruacion  of 
peace  and  tranquilitie  within  the  realme  of  Englande,  and  also  for  the  maintenaunce  ofwarre 
for  the  finall  gainyng  of  the  region  of  Fraunce  :  the  Duke  of  Bedforde  and  his  wife,  tooke 
their  leaue  of  the  Kyng,  at  Westminster  and  landed  at  Calice,  with  who  also  passed  the  seas, 
Henry  bishop  of  Winchester,  whiche  in  thesaied  tonne  was  inuested  with  the  Habile,  Hatte 
and  dignitie  of  a  Cardinall,  with  all  Ceremonies  to  it  appertainyng.     Whiche  degree,  kyng 
Henry  the  fifth  knowyng  the  haute  corage,  and  the  ambicious  myndeof  the  man,  prohibited 
_hym  on  his  allegeaunce  once,  either  to  sue  for  or  to  take,  mcanyng  that  cardinalles  Hattcs 
should  not  presume  to  be  egall  with  Princes.    Hut  now  the  kyng  beyng young  and  the  Regent 
his  frencle,  he  obteined  that  dignitie,  to  his  greate  profite,  and  to  the  empoucrishyng  of  the 
spiritualtie.     For  by  a  Bull  legatyne,  whiche  he  purchased  at  Rome,  he  gathered  so  much 
treasure,  that  no  man  in  maner  had  money  but  he,  and  so  was  he  surnamed  the  riche  Car- 
dinall of  Winchester,  and  nether  called  learned  bishop,  nor  vertcous  priest. 

AFTER  that,  the  duke  of  Bedford  was  returned  into  Fraunce,  the  lorde  of  Rustinan  Mar- 
shall of  Britayn,  assembled  a  greate  company  of  the  Britishe  nacion,  whiche  fortefied  &  re- 
paired the  toune  of  Ponntorson,  and  after  thesaied  Marshall,  with  a  thousand  men  entered 
into  the  countrey  of  Constantyne  in  Normandy,  and  came  before  the  toune  of  Auranches. 
Thenglishmen  within  the  garrison,  issued  out  &  boldly  fought  with  their  enemies:  but  after 
long  conflicte  and  many  strokes  geuen,  the  Britons  wer  ouer  come,  and  the  lorde  Rusty- 
nan  taken,  and  the  moste  parte  of  his  people  slaine.  The  Duke  of  Bedforde  hearyng  that 
4he  toune  of  Pountorson  was  newly  fortified  and  strongly  defended,  sent  thither  the  erle  of 
Warwicke,  accopanied  with  the  lorde  Scales,  and  diuerse  other  valiaunt  capitaines  and 
souldiers,  to  the  nombre  of.  vii.  thousand  men  to  besiege  the  toune,  whiche  so  enuironed 
it  on  euery  parte,  that  neither  man  could  steale  out,  nor  beast  could  passe  in.  The  siege 
long  continnyng,  vitaill  began  to  waxe  scant  in  the  Englishe  armie,  wherefore  the  Lord 
Scales  hauyng  in  his  company,  sir  Ihon  Harpely  Bayly  of  Constantine,  sir  William  Brear 
ton  Bayly  of  Caen,  sir  Raufe  Tesson,  sir  Ihon  Carbonell  and.  iii.  thousand  good  men  of 
war,  departed  fro  the  siege  to  get  vitail,  pouder  and  other  thynges  necessary  for  their  pur- 
pose and  enterprise.  And  as  they  were  returnyng  with  their  cariages  On  the  sea  cost,  riere 
to  S.  Michaels  Moiit,  they  sodainly  wer  encounlred  with  their  enemies,  wherof  the  chief 
wer,  the  Baron  of  Coloses,  the  lorde  Dausebost  capitain  of  thesaid  Mount  the  lorde  Moun- 
tabon,  the  lorde  Mountburchier,  the  lorde  of  Chasteau  Giron,  the  lord  of  Tyntygnat,  the 
lord  of  Chasteau  Brian  with.  vi.  M.  men  of  warre.  The  lorde  Scales  and  his  company 

T  2  (seyng. 

140  V  THE.  V.  YERE  OF 

(seyng  that  thei  wer  compassed  on  euery  side  with  deadly  daungiers,  for  the  sea  was  on  the 
one  side,  and  their  enemies  on  the  other,  and  no  mcane  waie  to  escape  or  flie,  discended 
from  their  horsses  and  like  gredy  Lions,  together  in  an  vnpeaceable  fury,  set  on  their  ene- 
mies. The  skirmishe  was  strong  &  the  fight  was  fierce,  the  Englishmen  kept  themselfes  so 
close,  that  their  enemies  could  haue  no  auantage  of  them.  At  the  last  the  lorde  Scales  cried 
S.  George,  they  flie,  with  that  thenglishmen  toke  suche  a  corage,  &  the  Frenchmen  that 
fought  before,  were  so  dismaied  that  they  began  to  flie.  The  Englishmen  leped  again  on 
horssebacke,  and  folowed  theim,  and  slewe  and  toke  aboue.  xi.C.  persones,  emongest  who 
wer  taken,  the  Baron  of  Colsoes,  and  the  lorde  of  Chasteau  Brian  and  xxx.  knightes. 

AFTER  this  victory,  the  Lorde  Scales  with  his  vitailes,  prouision  and  prisoners,  return- 
ed to  the  siege,  where  he  was  of  the  Erie  and  other  noble  men,  Joyously  receiuecl  and  for  this 
notable  facte,  highly  magnified  and  preysed.  While  the  siege  thus  continued  before  Poun- 
torson,  Christopher  Hanson  and  other  souldicrs  of  the  garrison  of  S.  Susan,  made  a  rode 
into  the  countrey  of  Anioy,  &  came  to  a  Castle  called  Kamffort,  which  castle  was  so  priuely 
scaled,  that  the  capitain  within  &  his  company,  wer  taken  or  slain  before  they  knewe  of 
their  enemies  approchyng.  When  knowledge  of  this  fcate  was  made  open  to  the  Frenche- 
nien,  whiche  were  assembled  to  the  nombre  of.  xx.M.  to  reyse  the  siege,  and  breake  vp  the 
the  campe,  liyng  before  the  toune  of  Pountorson,  they  left  that  iourney  for  a  tyme,  and  re- 
turned to  the  Castle  of  Ramffort,  and  besieged  thesame  by  the  space  of  tenne  daies. 

THE  Englishmen  considering  the  multitude  of  the  enemies,  and  the  farre  absence  of 
their  frendcs,  began  to  treate  with  the  Frenchmen  and  so  vpon  condicion  to  departe  with 
baggc  and  baggage,  horse  and  names,  thei  rendered  vp  the  castle,  and  departed  with  more 
riches  then  thei  brought,  whiche  castle  thus  possessed  by  the  Frenchemen,  they  forgat  the  res- 
kew  of  Poutorson,  and  brake  vp  thei.  army.  But  sone  after,  the  lorde  of  Raix,  calling 
himself  liuetenaunt  general  for  the  dolphin,  accompanyed  with  the  lorde  Mount  lehan,  the 
Lorde  Bcaumanoire,  and  the  lorde  Tussye,  and  other  to  the  n5bre  of  thre  thousand  per- 
sones, entered  into  the  countrey  of  Mayn,  &  laied  siege  to  the  castle  of  Malycorne,  w  he  rot" 
was  capitain  an  Englishma,  called  Oliuer  Osbatersby,  which  castle  with  the  capitain,  was  by 
force  taken  and  obteined :  in  like  maner  they  toke  the  litle  castle  of  Lude^  and  there  in 
William  Blackeborne  leuetcnaunt  for  Willia  Glasdale  esquire,  &  put  hym  to  rausorne,  and 
slewe  al  his  souldiers.  Alter  this  victory,  in  the  which  they  muche  gloried,  the  Frenchmen 
perceiuing  that  therle  of  Warwicke  continued  stil  his  siege  before  the  toune'of  Pountorson, 
&  knowyng  by  their  espials,  that  the  Englishmen  wer  determined  to  geue  them  battaill,  if 
thei  once  attempted  to  rayse  the  siege,  and  therefore  fearyng  to  fight  in  an  open  battaill,  re- 
culed  backe  again  to  the  dolphyn  with  litle  gain  and  small  honor.  The  Frenchmen  and: 
Britons  beyng  straighlly  besieged  within  the  tonne  of  Pountorson,  perceiuyng  no  likelyhod. 
of  succors  to  come,  and  seyng  the  Englishe  army  daily  did  increase,  fearyng  the  sequela 
therof,  if  they  by  violence  should  be  taken  and  vanquished,  thei  offered  the  toune,  so  that 
thei  might  departe  with  horse  and  harnes  only:  whiche  request  (after  long  sute  and  peticion) 
to  theim  was  hardely  graunted.  The  Erie  like  avaliaunt  capitain,  entred  into  the  toune  and 
there  appoynted  for  gouernors,  the  lord  Roos,  and  the  lorde  Talbot,  and  leuyng  there  .a 
conuenient  garrison,  returned  to  the  lorde  Regent. 

AFTER  the  takyng  of  this  toune,  there  was  a  league,  and  a  treaty  concluded  betwene  the 
Regent  and  the  duke  of  Britayn,  by  the  whiche  agrement  bothe  the  tounes  of  Pountorson 
and  S.  lames  de  Beuron  wer  beaten  doune  to  the  ground  £  clery  defaced.  After  the  lord 
ef  Rais  was  departed  out  of  the  territory  of  Mayne  as  you  haue  heard,  Christopher  Han- 
son, Phillip  Gough,  Martyn  Godffrey  called  the  sealer,  and  diuerse  other  of  the  garrison  of 
S.  Susan,  to  the  nombre  of.  xxx.  ar chars,  went  out  in  a  mornyng  to  seke  their  aduetures, 
and  came  nere  to  the  Castle  of  sainct  Laurence  de  Mortiers  (at  the  same  very  season) 
whe  sir  lames  de  Scpeaulx  capitain  of  thesame,  was  gone  out  of  his  Castle  with  the  greatest 
nombre  of  his  retinewe,  to  a  Churche  directly  against  the  castle.  In  the  masse  time,  then- 
glisHmen  entered  by  subtiltie  into  the  gate  &  so  gat  the  dongeon.  And  when  sir  James  re- 

1  turned 

_____  KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  141 

turned  from  Masse,  as  he  entered  into  the  gate  he  was  taken,  and  his  men  fled,  and  so  was 
the  castle  furnished  with  Englishmen,  and  capitain  therof  was  appoynted,  sir  William  Old- 

THE  same  season,  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe,  gouernor  of  the  countries  of  Aniowand  Maine,  as- 
sembled a  great  puissaunce  of  men  of  warre,  and  laied  a  siege  before  the  castle  of  sainct 
Owen  Destays,   beside  the  toune  ofLauall,  wherof  was  capitain  sir  Guillam  Orenge,  whiche, 
after  ten  daies  besiegyng,   rendred  the  castle,  their  Hues  and  armure  only  except:  howbeit 
one  railyng  and  slaunderous  persone  was  put  to  terrible  execution.     And  from  thence,  the- 
said  sir  Ihon  remoued  to  the  strog  castle  of  Grauile,  &  after,  xii.  daies,  thei  within  offred  to 
yeld  the  castle  by  a  day  if  thei  wer  not  succored  by  y  dolphin  or  his  power.     The  offre  was 
taken  &  pledges  deliuered,  which  wer  Guilla  Cordouen,  &  Ihon  de  Majsierie  esquicrs.     Af- 
ter these  pledges  deliuered,  sir  Ihon  Fastolffe  returned  in  post  to  the  regent,  aduertisyng 
him  of  this  cotnposicion  and  agrement:  wherfore  thesaid  lorde,  reised  a  greate  power,  to 
tight   with  the  Frenche  men  at  the  day  appoynted,  and  in  his  company,  wer  the  erles  of 
Mortaigne  and  Warwicke,   and  the  lordes  Roos,  and  Talbot,  sir  Ihon  Fastolffe,    sir  Ihon 
Aubemond,  sir  Ihon  Ratclife,  and  diuerse  other,  to  the  nombre  of  twentie  thousand  men, 
and  so  inarched    forward  in  hope  to  mete  and  ioyne  battail  with  their  enemies.     But  their 
aduersaries,  whiche  wer  not  farre  of,  durste  notapproche,  wherfore  the  Regent  sent  sir  Ihon 
Fastolfe  incontinent  to  receiue  the  castle :  but  they  within  (cotrary  to  their  prornesse  and  ap- 
pointment)  had  newly  vitailed  and  manned  the  place,  and  so  forsaking  their  pledges  and 
iielowes  in  armes,  refused  to  render  the  fortres  according  to  the  appointment:,  wherfore  the 
pledges  were  brought  before  the  sight  of  theiin  within  the  castle,  and  there  openly  put  to  death. 
After    this,  the  lord  Talbot,    was  made  gouernor,  of  Aniow  and  Mayne,   and  sir   Ihon. 
Fastolffe  was  assigned  to  another  place:  whiche  lorde  Talbot,  beyng  bothe  of  noble  birthe, 
aud  haute  corage,  after  his  comming  into  Fraunce,  obteigned  so  many  glorious  victories  of 
his  enemies,  that  his  only  name  was,  and  yet  is  dredful  to  the  Frenche  nacion,  and  muche 
renoumedemongest  all  other  people.     This  ioly  capitain,  and  sonne  of  the  valiant  Mars,  en- 
tered into  Mayn  and  sleive   men,  destroyed  castles,  and  brent  tounes,  and  in  conclusion, , 
sodainly  toke  the  toune  of  Lauull:  but  the  lord  Loghac,  and  diuerse  other,  retrayted  theiiu. 
selfes  into  the  Castle,  and  there  remained  eight  daies.     Duryng  which  tyme,  it  was  agreed, 
that  all  capitaines,  Burgesses,  and  men  of  warre,  which  wer  within  the  Castle,  should  de- 
part with  bagge  and  baggages,  paiyng  to  the  lord  Talbot  for  al  thynges,  one  hundred  thou- 
sand CrouneSi    And  the  Castle  so  beyng  deliuered,  was  committed  to  the  kepyng  of  Gilbert. 
Halsall,  w.hiche  after,  was  slain  at  the   siege  of  Oileance,  for    whom  was  made   capitain 
Matthew  Gough,  which  beyng  at  the  iorney  before  Senlies,  by  treason  of  a  miller  that  kept 
a  mil  adioynyng  to  the  walle,  the  Frenchemen  entered  into  the  toune,  and  brought  it  into 
their  subiectionand  obeysaunce. 

THE  duke  of  Bedford,  was  aduertised  by  his  espials,  that  the  toune  of  Montar»es^ 
whiche  was  in  the  territory  of  Orleance,  was  but  slenderly  kept  and  smally  furnished,  and 
that  it  might  be  taken  with  litle  pain  and  no  losse.  The  Regent  glad  of  these  newes,  sent 
therleof  Suffolke,  sir  Ihon  Pole  his  brother,  &  sir  Henry  Bisset  with  sixe.  Mi  men  to  assaute 
the  toune,  but  when  they  came  thether  and  found  the  toune  better  manned  and  more 
strongly  defenced,  then  their  expectacion  imagined,  they  gaue  no  assaute  but  laied  sie^e 
aboute  the  toune,  and  therle  of  Warwike  was  appoynted  to  lye  with  a  great  nomber  of 
menne  of  warre,  at  sainct  Mathelines  de  Archamp,  to  encountre  the  Frenchmen  if  they 
would  attempt  to  ayde  or  vitaill  those  that  wer  enclosed  within  the,  toune.  This  fortresse 
stode  in  suche  a  place,  that  what  with  waters  and  what  with  marishes,  the  army  must  seuer 
in  thre  partes,  so  that  the  one  could  not  easely  help  the  other,  but  either  by  boates  or 
bridges,  so  the  toune  was  besieged  by  the  space  of  two  monethes  and  more.  In  the  meane- 
seasoiij  Arthur  of  Britayne,  Constable  for  the  dolphyn,  sent  thether  in  all  hast,  the  lorde 
Boisac  Marshall  of  Frauce,  Stephin  le  Hire,  Ponton  de  Sentrayles,  the  lorde  Grauile,  and 
diuerse  other  valiaunt  horssemen,  to  the  nomber  of  thre  thousand  and  aboue,  which  priuely; 


142  THE.  V.  YERE  OF 

in  the  night,  came  on  that  side  where  sir  Ihon  de  la  Pole  and  sir  Henry  Bisset  laye,  whom 
they  found  out  of  all  ordre  and  without  any  watche.  So  the  Frenchemen  entered  into  their 
ludgcs  and  slewe  many  in  their  beddes,  they  spared  no  man,  for  the  resistance  was  smal,  Sir 
Iho  Dela  pole  with  his  horsse  saued  hymself,  and  fled  ouer  the  water  to  his  brother,  &  sir 
Henry  Bisset  escaped  hyaboateand  eight  with  him.  The  residue  whiche  would  haue  passed  the 
bridge  and  ioynedwith  the  erle  of  Suffolke,  fled  in  such  plumpcs  ouer  the  bridge,  that  the 
tymber  brake  and  a  great  nombre  was  drouned  so,  y  there  were  slain  &  drouned  xv.C.  men. 
The  erle  of  YVanvike  hearyng  of  this  chaunce,  departed  from  sainct  Mathelyn  with  all  dili- 
gent spede,  and  came  before  Montarges  offeryng  battaill  to  the  Frenche  capitaines,  which 
answered  that  thei  had  manned  and  vitailed  the  toune,  and  enteded  to  do  nomore  at  that 
time.  Thenglishmen  seyng  that  their  trauaile  should  be  in  vain,  came  back  softely  again 
with  all  their  ordinaunce  to  the  duke  of  Bedforde. 

IT  should  seme  that  fortune  at  this  time  would  not,  that  the  Freche  men  should  haue  one 
ioyfull  claie,  butthesame  also  should  be  myngled  with  dolor  or  displeasure.  For  at  this  very 
tytne,  sir  Nicholas  Burdett  appoynted  by  the  duke  of  Somerset,  to  vexe  and  trouble  his  ene- 
mies in  the  costes  of  Britayne,  sent  light  horssemen  into  euery  part,  vexyng  the  people  and 
wastyng  the  coutrey.  All  tounes  that  he  passed  by  were  brente  al,  and  buildynges  spoyled  & 
robbed,  prisoners  and  praies  wer  aboundantly  taken,  small  villages  wer  destroyed,  and  greate 
tounes  wer  raunsomed,  &  so  without  hurt  or  damage,  thcsaid  sir  Nicholas  returned  into  Nor- 
mandyi  This  mischance  beyng  declared  to  the  Constable  of  Fraunce  and  the  other  capi- 
taines, cut  their  combes  and  plucked  doune  their  hartes,  whiche  were  set  on  so  mery  a  pynne, 
for  the  victory  of  Montarges,  that  they  were  in  maner,  like  desperate  persones,  loth  to  at- 
tempte  any  farther  enterprise  against  the  Englishe  nacion,  saiyng:  that  God  was  turned 
Engtishe,  and  the  deuill  would  not  helpe  Fraunce. 

THE  duke  of  Alauson,  whiche  as  you  haue  heard,  was  late  deliuered  out  of  En<£lande, 
reuiued  again  the  dull  spirites  of  the  Dolphyn,  and  the  fainte  hartes  of  his  capitaines,  pro- 
nn'syng  to  theim  greate  victory  with  litle  trauail,  and  much  gain  with  srnal  labor,  wherfore 
in  hope  of  good  lucke,  he  determined  to  do  some  notable  feate  against  thenglishe  men. 
Then  happened  a  chaunce  vnloked  for,  or  vnthoughtof,  euen  as  they  would  haue  \vhisshed 
or  desired,  for  not  onely  the  Magistrates,  but  chiefly  the  spiritual  persons  of  the  citee  of 
Mauns,  knowyng  that  the  duke  of  Britayne  and  his  brother,  were  reuerted  and  turned  to 
the  French  partie,  began  sore  to  mourne  and  lament  that  they  wer  subiectes  and  vassals  to 
the  yoke  an.d  power  of  the  Englishemen.  Wherfore  they  determined  and  fully  concluded,  to 
aduertise  of  their  myndes  and  determinacions,  the  capitaines  of  Charles  y  dolphyn,  (of  the 
called  the  Frenche  kyng)  and  so  by  certain  false  Friers,  therof  <vrote  humble  and  louin<r  let- 
ters. These  newes  pleased  much  the  French  capitaines,  but  no  lesse  you  may  be  sure  the 
Dolphyn  hymself,  as  a  thyng  discended  from  heauen,  of  theim  vnsought,  vnimagined  and 
not  deuisecl.  Wherfore  to  take  oportunitie  when  time  serued,  and  not  to  lese  so  great  a  be- 
nefite  so  honestly  oftred,  the  lordes  Delabreth  and  Fayet,  Marshals  of  Fraunce,  accompanied 
with  the  lordes  of  Monte  Ihan,  of  Duel  Doruall,  Torsye  and  Beaumamoyre  the  Heire,  and 
Gullyam  his  brother,  and  fine  hundred  other  hardy  capitaines  and  valiaunt  souldiers,  toke 
vpon  theim  this  enterprise,  sendyng  great  thankes  and  laudes  to  the  Clergie  and  citezens 
for  their  assured  fideliiie  to  their  soueraigne  lord,  promysyng  theim  to  be  there  at  the  daie 
appoynted,  not  doubtyng  to  find  them  redy  accordyng  to  their  promes,  gladly  to  receiue 

WHEN  the  daie  assigned  and  the  night  appoynted  was  come,  the  Frenche  capitaines  pri- 
uely  approchecl  the  toune,  makyng  a  litle  fire  on  an  hill  in  the  sight  of  the  toune,  to  sigmfie 
their  couryng  and  approchyng.  The  citezes,  which  by  the  great  church  wer  loking  foAheir 
approch,  shewed  a  hurnyng  Cresset  out  of  the  steple,  which  sodainly  was  put  out  & 
quenched.  What  should  I  saie,  the  capitaines  on  horssebacke  came  to  the  gate,  and  the 
traytors  within  slew  the  porters  and  watch  men,  and  let  in  their  frendes,  the  footemen  en- 
tered firste,  and  the  men  of  armes  waited  at  the  barriers,  to  the  intent  that  if  muche  nede 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  143 

required  or  necessitie  copelled,  they  might  fight  in  the  ope  feld.  And  in  the  mean  season 
many  Englishmen  wer  slain,  and  a  greate  ciaymor  and  a  houge  noye  was  hard  through 
the  toune,  as  is  wont  and  accustomed  to  be  in  a  toune,  by  treason  sodainly  surprised  &  taken: 
but  what  was  the  cause  of  the  cry,  or  beginnyngof  the  noyse,  fewe  except  the  confederates, 
ether  knewe  or  perceiued.  For  the  remnaunt  of  the  citezens  beyng  no  partakers  in  this  fac- 
cion,  imagined  that  the  Englishmen  had  made  hauocke  in  the  toune  and  put  all  to  the 
sweard.  The  Englishemen  on  the  othersyde,  Judged  that  the  citezens  had  begonne  some 
new  rebellion  against  theim,  or  els  had  striuen  emongest  theimselfes.  The  erle  of  Suffolke, 
whiche  was  gouernor  of  the  toune,  hearyng  the  clamor  and  noyse  of  the  people,  hauing  per- 
fect knowledge  of  such  as  escaped  fro  the  walles,  in  what  case  the  citee  stode  in,  without 
any  tariyng  or  psolongyng  of  tyme  entered  into  the  Castle  which  standeth  at  the  gate  of 
Sainct  Vincent,  wherof  was  Constable  Thomas  Gower  esquier:  whether  also  fled  so  many 
Englishemen,  that  the  place  was  pestured,  and  there  if  they  wer  not  rescued,  likely  to  be 
famished  :  but  surely  they  wer  sore  assauted  and  marueilously  hurte,  with  the  shot  of  the  ala- 
blatters  &  crosse  bowes,  but  they  defended  theimselfes  so  manfully,  that  their  enemies  gat 
small  aduantage  at  their  handes.  But  all  their  hardines  had  notserued,  nor  all  their  poliicy 
had  not  defended  theim,  if  they  had  not  priuely  sent  a  messenger  to  the  lorde  Talbot,  which 
then  lay  at  Alanson,  certefiyng  hym  in  what  case  they  stoode,  for  vitaHl  had  they  none,  mu- 
nicios  tailed,  and  the  Castle  was  almoste  vndermined,  so  that  yeldyng  must  folowe,  and  re- 
sistaunce  could  not.  preuaile.  The  lorde  Talbot  hcryng  these  nevves,  neither  slept  nor  ban- 
quetted,  but  with  all  hast  assembled  together  his  valiaunt  capitaines,  whose  names  you  haue 
before  often  times  heard  rehersed,  to  the  nombre  of  vii.  hundred  men  of  warr,  and  in  the 
euenyng  departed  from  Alanson,  and  in  the  mornyng  came  to  a  castle  called  Gtiyerche 
twoo  myles  from  Mauns,  and  from  thence  sent  as  an  espial  Matthew  Gough,  to  espie  the 
gouernaunce  of  the  enemies,  and  if  he  might  to  sbewe  to  his  countreymeu  that  he  was  at 
hade  to  be  their  aide  &  rescowes.  Matthew  Gough  so  well  sped,  that  priuely  in  the  night 
lie  carne  into  the  castle,  where  he  knew  how  that  the  French  men  beyng  lordos  of  the  citee, 
and  now  castyngno  perils  nor  iearyng  any  creature,  began  to  waxe  wanton  and  felle  to  riote, 
as  though  their  enemies  could  do  to  them  no  damage :- thynkyng  that  the  Englishemen 
whiche  wer  shut  vp  in  the  Castle,  studied  nothyng  but  how  to  escape  and  be  deliuered. 
Whe  Matthew  Gough  had  knowen  al  the  certaintie  and  had  eaten  a  litle  breade  and  dronke  a 
cuppe  of  wine  to  comfort  his  stomacke,  he  priuely  returned  again,  itnd  within  a  mile  of  the 
citee  met  with  the  lorde  Talbot  and  the  Lorde  Scales,  and  made  open  to  theim  al  thyng  ac-| 
cording  to  his  credence,  whiche  to  spede  the  matter,  because  the  day  approched,  with  al  hast; 
possible  came  to  the  posterne  gate,  and  alighted  from  their  horses,  and  about  sixe  of  the; 
clocke  in  the  mornyng  thei  issued  out  of  the  castle  criyng  sainct  George,  Talbot.  The 
French  men  which  wer  scace  vp,  and  thought  of  nothyng  lesse  then  of  this  sodain  approch- 
ment,  some  rose  out  of  their  beddes  in  their  shertes,  and  lepte  ouer  the  walles,  other  ranne 
naked  out  of  the  gates  for  sauing  of  their  lines,  leuyng  behynde  theim  all  their  apparcll, 
horsscs,  armure  and  riches,  none  was  hurt  but  suche,  whiche  ether  resisted  or  would  not 
yelde,  whcrof  some  wer  slain  and  cast  in  prisone.  There  were  slain  and  taken  foure  hun- 
dred geilemen  and  the  villaines  frankely  let  go.  After  this  inquisition  was  made  of  the  au- 
thors of  this  vngracious  coniuracion,  and  there  were  accused  thirtie  citezens,  twenty  priestes 
and  fiftene  Friers,  which  accordyngto  their  desertes  were  put  in  execution. 


THE  citee  of  Mauns  thus  beyng  reduced  into  the  Englishe  mennes  handes,  the  Lorde    The.*;. 
Talbot  departed  to  the  toune  of  Alanson.     After  whiche  marciall  feat  manly  acheued,  the      ym 
erle  of  \Varwicke  departed  into  Englande,  to  be  gouernour  of  the  young  kyng,  insteade  of 
Thomas  duke  of  Excester,  late  departed  to  God.     In  \yhose  stede  was  sent  into  Fraunce,, 



the  lorde  Thomas  Mountacute  erle  of  Salisbury  with  fiue  thousande  men,  whiche  landed  at 
Caliceand  so  came  to  the  Duke  of  Bedford  in  Paris.  Where  he  consultyng  with  the  Duke, 
of  Bedforde,  concernyng  the  aftaires  of  the  realme  of  Fraunce:  seyng  all  thynges  pros- 
perously succede  on  the  Englishe  part,  began  meruailously  to  phantesie  the  citee  and  coun- 
trey  of  Orliance,  stadyng  on  the  riuer  of  Loyre.  But  because  the  cite  was  wel  fortified 
bolhe  by  the  nature  of  the  situation  of  the  place,  and  by  the  ppllicie  of  man,  he  imagined 
it  not  the  woorke  of  one  daie,  nor  the  study  of  one  houre.  Wherfore  he  remitted  it  to  a 
farther  deliberacio,  yet  he  was  the  man  at  that  tyme,  by  whose  wit,  strength  and  pollicio, 
jthe  Englishe  name  was  muche  fearfull  and  terrible  to  the  French  nacion,  whiche  of  hymself 
might  both  appoynt,  commaunde  and  do  all  thynges,  in  maner  at  his  pleasure,  in  whose 
power,  (as  it  appeared  after  his1  deathe)  a  greate  part  of  the  conquest  consisted  and  was 
estemed,  because  he  was  a  man  both  painful  and  diligent,  redy  to  withstand  thynges  peril- 
ous and  imminent,  and  prompt  in  counsail,  and  with  no  labor  be  weried,  nor  yet  his  corage 
at  any  tyme  abated  or  appalled,  so  that  all  men  put  no  more  trust  in  any  one  man*  nor,  no 
synguler  person  gat  more  the  hartes  of  all  men.  After  this  greate  enterprise,  had  long  been 
debated  and  argued,  in  the  priuie  counsaill,  the  erle  of  Salisburies  dcuise,  (although  it 
seined  harde  and  straungc  to  all  other,  and  to  hym  as  it  wer  a  thyng  predestinate  very  easie) 
was  graunted  and  allowed,  which  enterprise  was  the  finall  conclusion  of  his  naturall  des- 
tiny, as  you  shall  shortely  perceiue.  Thus  he  replenished  with  good  hope  of  victory,  & 
furnished  with  artilery,  and  inunicions  apperteinyng  to  so  greate  a  siege,  accompanied  with 
the  erle  of  Suffolke  and  the  lorde  Talbot,  and  with  a  valiaunt  company,  to  the  nombre  of 
tenne  thousande  men,  departed  from  Paris  and  passed  through  the  countrey  of  Beause.  He 
toke  by  assaute  th'e  toune  of  Yainuile,  but  the  Frenchmen  fled  into  the  Castle,  and  there 
continued  fiue  dales,  at  the  ende  wherof  they  rendered  themselfes  symply:  of  thesaid  nom- 
bre, some  were  put  to  death  for  certain  causes,  &  some  were  taken  to  mercie.  He  tooke 
also  the  toune  of  Eawgency,  sufferyng  euery  man,  whiche  would  become  vassaile  and  sub- 
iecte  to  the  kyng  of  England,  to  enheritc  their  landes  and  enioy  their  goodes.  The  tounes 
•of  Meun  vpon  Loyre  &  largenan,  hearyng  of  these  treatise,  presented  to  hym  the  keyes 
of  the  toune,  vpon  like  agrement  &  egall  condicions. 

AFTER  this  in  the  moneth  of  September,  he  laied  his  siege  on  the  one  side  of  the  water 
of  Loyre,  before  whose  commyng,  the  Bastarde  of  Orleaunce,  and  the  bishop  of  the  citec 
and  a  great  nombre  of  Scottes,  hearyng  of  therles  intent,  made  diuerse  fortificacions  about 
the  toune  and  destroyed  the  suburbes,  in  the  which  wer  twelfe  parishe  churches  and  foure 
ordres  of  Friers.  They  cut  also  doune  al  the  vines,  trees-and  bushes  within  fiue  leages  of 
the  toune,  so  that  the  Englishmen  should  haue  neither  comfort,  refuge  nor  succor. 

HERE  must  I  a  litle  digresse,  and  declare  to  you,  what  was  this  bastard  of  Orleance, 
whiche  was  not  onely  now  capitain  of  the  citce,  but  also  after,  by  Charles  the  sixt  made 
erle  of  Dunoys,  and  in  great  authoritie  in  Fraunce,  and  extreme  enemie  to  the  Englishe 
n.icion,  as  by  this  story  you  shall  apparauntly  perceiue,  of  whose  line  and  steme  dyscend 
the  Dukes  of  Longuile  and  the  Marques  of  Rutylon.  Lewes  Duke  of  Orleance  murther- 
ed  in  Paris,  by  Ihon  duke  of  Burgoyne,  as  yon  before  haue  harde,  was  owner  of  the  Cas- 
tle of  Coney,  on  the  Frontiers  of  Fraunce  toward  Arthoys,  wherof  he  made  Constable  the 
lord  of  Cauny,  a  man  not  so  wise  as  his  wife  was  faire,  and  yet  she  was  not  so  faire,  but 
she  was  as  well  beloued  of  the  duke  of  Orleance,  as  of  her  husband.  Betwene  the  duke 
and  her  husbande  (I  cannot  tell  who  was  father)  she  conceiued  a  child,  and  brought  furthe 
a  pretye  boye  called  Ihon,  whiche  child  beyng  of  the  age  of  one  yere,  the  duke  disceased 
and  not  long  after  the  mother,  and  the  Lorde  of  Cawiry  ended  their  liues.  The  next  of 
kynne  to  the  lord  Cavvny  chalenged  the  enheritaunce,  whiche  was  worth  foure  thousande 
,crounes  a  yere,  alledgyng  that  the  boye  was  a  bastard  :  and  the  kynred  of  the  mothers  side, 
for  to  saue  her  honesty,  it  plainly  denied.  In  conclusion,  this  matter  was  in  contencio 
before  the  Presidentes  of  the  parliament  of  Paris,  and  there  hang  in  controuersie  till  the 
child  came  to  the  age  of  eight  yeres  old.  At  whiche  tyme  it  was  demaunded  of  hym  openly 



whose  sonne  he  wns:  his  fredes  of  his  mothers  side  aduertised  him  to  require  a  day,  to  be 
aduised  of  so  great  an  answer,  whiclie  he  asked,  &  to  hym  it  was  granted.  In  y  meane 
season  his  said  frendes  persuaded  him  to  claiine  his  inheritaunce,  as  sonne  to  the  Lorde  of 
Cawny,  which  was  an  honorable  liuyng,  and  an  aunciet  patrhnony,  affirming  that  if  he 
said  contrary,  lie  not  only  slaudered  his  mother,  shamed  himself,  &  stained  his  blond,  hut- 
also  should  liaue  no  liuyng  nor  any  thing  to  take  to.  The  scholemaster  thinkytig  y  his  dis- 
ciple had  well  learned  his  lesson,  and  would  reherse  it  accordyng  to  his  instruccio,  brought 
hym  before  the  ludges  at  the  daie  assigned,  and  when  the  question  was  repcted  to  hym 
again,-  he  baldly  answered,  my  harte  geueth  me,  £  my  noble  corage  telleth  me,  that  I  am 
the  sonne  of  the  noble  Duke  of  Orlcaunce,  more  glad  to  be  his  Bastarde,  with  a  mcane 
liuyng,  then  the  lawfujl  sonne  of  that  coward  cuckolde  Canny,  with  his  foure  thousande 
crounes.  The  Justices  muche  merueiled  at  his  bolde  answere,  and  his  mothers  cosyns  de- 
tested him  for  shamyng  of  his  mother,  and  his  fathers  supposed  kinne  reioysed  ingainyng  the 
patrimony  and  possessions.  Charles  duke  of  Orleance  hcryng  of  this  iudgement,  toke  hvm 
into!  his  family  &  £aue  him  great  offices  &  fees,  which  he  well  deserued,  for  (duryng  his' 
captiuitie)  he  defcded  his  lades,  expulsed  thenglishmen,  &  in  conclusion  procured  his  d^- 

THIS  coragious  Bastard,  after  the  siege  had  continued  threwekes  ful,  issued  out  of  the 
gate  of  the  bridge,  and  fought  with  the  Englishemen,  but  they  receiued  hym  with  so  fierce  and 
terrible  strokes,  that  he  was  with  all  his  company  compelled.. to  retire  and  flie  backe  into  the 
citce:  But  the  Englishemen  folowed  theim  so  faste,  in  killyng  and  takyng  of  their  enemies, 
that  they  entrcd  with  them  the  Bulwarke  of  the  bridge,  whiche  with  a  gi eate  ton  re,  standing 
at  thende  of  thesame,  was  taken  incontinent  by  thenglishmen.  In  whiche  conflict  many 
Frenchemen  were  taken,  but  rno  were  slain,  and  the  kepyng  of  the  ton  re  and  Bulwerke  was 
comitted  to  William  Glasdaleesquier.  When  he  had  gotten  this  Bulwarke,  he  was  sure  thi:t, 
by  that  waie  neither  man  nor  vitaill  could  passe  or  come.  After  that  he  made  certayne  Bul- 
warkes  roiide  about  the  citee,  castyng. trenches  betwene  the  one  and  the  other,  laiyng  ordi- 
naunce  in  euery  part,  where  he  saw  that  any  battery  might  be  deuised.  When  they  within 
perceiued  that  they  were  enuiroried  with  fortresses  and  ordinance,  they  laied  gonne  against 
gonne,  and  fortefied  toures  against  bulwarkes,  and  within  made  new  rampires,  andbuvldcd 
new  mudwalles  to  auoyde  crackes  and  breches,  whiche  might  by  violent  shot  sodainlv  insue. 
They  appoyntcd  the  Bastard  of  Orleance,  and  Stephin  Veignold  called  the  Heire,  .to  see  the 
walles  and  watches  kept,  &  the  bishop  sawey  thinhabitates  within  the  cite,  wer  put  in  good 
ordre,  and  that  vitaill  wer  not  wantonly  consumed,  nor  vainly  spent. 

IN  the  toure  that  was  taken  at  the  bridge  ende,  as  you  before-  haue  heard,  there  was  a 
high  chamber  hauyng  a  grate  full  of  barres  of  yron  by  the  whiche  a  man  might  loke  all  the 
length  of  the  bridge  into  the  cite  at  which,  grate  many  of  the  chief  capitaines  stode  diuerse 
times,  yieuyng  the  cite  &  deuisyng  in  what  place  it  was  best  assautable.  They  within  the  citee 
perceiued  well  this  totyng  hole,  and  laied  a  pece  of  ordynaunce  directly  against  the  wyndowe. 
It  so  chaunced  that  the.  lix.  daie  after  the  siege  laied  before  the  citee,  therle  of  Salisbury, 
sir  Thomas  Gargraue  and  William  Glasdale  and  diuerse  other,  went  into  thesaid  toure  and 
so  into  the  high  chabre,  and  loked  out  at  the  grate,  and  with  in  a  short  space,  the  sonne  of 
the  Master  gonner,  perceiued  men  lokyng  out  at  the  wyndowe,  toke  his  matche,  as  his 
father  had  taught  hym,  whiche  was  gone  doune  to  dinner,  and  fired  the  gonne,  whiche  brake 
&  sheueredy  yron  barres  of  the  grate,  wherof  one  strake  therle  so  strogly  on  the  bed,  that 
it  stroke  away  one  of  his  iyes  and  the  side  of  his  cheke.  Sir  Thomas  Gargraue  was  likewise 
striken,  so  that  he  died  within  two  daies.  Therle  was  conueighed  to  Meurn  vpon  Loyre, 
where  he  laie  beyng  wounded,  viij.  daies,  duryng  whiche  tyme,  he  receiued  deuoutly  the  holy 
Sacramentes,  and  so  commended  liis  soule  to  almighty  God,  whose  body  was  cpnueyed  into 
England,  with  allfunerall  and  pompe,  and  buried  at  Bissam  by  his  progenitors,  leuyng  behind 
him,  an  onely  daughter  named  Alice,  maried  to  Richarde  Neuell,  sonne  to  liaufe  erle  of 
Westmorland,  of  whom  hereafter  shalbe  made  mention.  Wrhat  detriment,  what  damage, 

U  what- 


what  lossc  succeded  to  the  Englishe  publique  wealthe,  by  the  sodain  death  of  this  valiaunt 
capitain,  not  long  after  his  departure,  manifestly  apered.  For  high  prosperitie,  and  groat 
glory  of  the  Englishe  nacion  in  the  parties  beyond  the  sea,  began  shortely  to  fall,  and  litle 
and  litle  to  vanishe  awaie:  which  thing  although  the  Englishe  people  like  a  valiant  &  strong 
body,  atthefirste  tyme  did  not  perceiue,  yet  after  y  they  felt  it  grow  like  a  pestilet  humor, 
which  succesciuely  a  litle  and  litle  corrupteth  all  the  membres,  and  destroyeth  the  bodf.  For 
after  the  death  of  this  noble  man,  fortune  of  warre  began  to  change,  and  triumphant  victory 
began  to  bedarckened.  Although  the  death  of  therle  were  dolorous  to]all  Knglishme,  yet 
surely  it  was  moste  dolorous  to  the  duke  of  Bedford,  regent  of  Fraunce,  as  he  whiche  had 
loste  his  right  hand  or  lacked  his  weapon,  when  he  should  fight  with  his  enemie.  Jiut 
seyng  that  dedde  men  cannot  with  sorowe  be  called  again,  nor  lamentacion  fordedde  bodies 
cannot  remedy  the  chaunces  of  men  liuyng:  he  (like  a  prudent  gouernor  &  a  pollitique  pa- 
tron) appointed  the  erle  of  Suffolke  to  be  his  leuetenunt,  and  captain  of  the  siege,  and  ioyned 
with  hym  the  lord  Scales,  the  lorde  Talbot,  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe,  and  diuerse  other  valiaunt 
knightes  and  esquiers.  These  lordes  caused  bastiles  to  be  made  round  about  the  citee, 
with  the  whiche  they  troubled  their  enemies  and  assauted  the  walles,  and  left  nothyng  vn- 
attempted,  whiche  might  be  to  theim,  any  aduantage,  or  hurtefull  to  their  enemies. 

IN  the  time  of  lent  vitaile  and  artillerie,  began  to  waxe  scant  in  the  Englishe  armie,  wher- 
fore  therle  of  Suffolke  appointed  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe,  sir  Thomas  Rampsto,  and  sir  Philip  Hal  ~ 
with  their  retinewes,  to  ride  to  Paris  to  the  lord  Regent,  to  informe  him  of  their  scarcenes 
and  necessitie.  Whiche  beyng  therof  informed,  without  any  delaye  or  prolongyng,  prouided 
vitaile,  artillery  and  municions,  necessary  and  conuenient  for  so  greate  an  enterprise,  and 
laded  therwith  many  chariottes,  cartes,  and  horsses,  and  for  the  surecoduite,  and  sauegard 
of  the  same,  he  appoynted  sir  Simon  Morhier  Prouos/of  Paris,  with  the  gard  of  the  citee 
&  diuerse  of  his  awne  housholdseruauntes,  to  accompany  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe  and  his  coplices, 
to  the  army  liyng  at  the  siege  of  Orleaunce.  The  whiche  departed  in  good  ordre,  to  the 
nombre  of.  v.  hundred  men  of  war,  beside  wagoners  out  of  Paris,  and  came  to  Yaynuile 
in  Beausse,  aud  in  a  mornyng  early  in  a  greate  frost  they  departed,  from  the  place  toward  die 
siege,  and  when  they  came  to  a  toune  called  Ronuray,  in  the  laiides  of  Beausse,  they  per- 
cciued  their  enemies  comyng  against  them,  to  the  nombre  of.  ix.  or.  x.  M.  Frenchemen  & 
Scottes:  the  capitaines  wherof  was  Charles  of  Cleremot,  sonne  to  the  duke  of  Burbon,  then 
beyng  prisoner  in  Englande,  sir  William  Stewarde  Constable  of  Scotlande,  alitle  before  de- 
liuered  out  of  captiuitie,  the  erle  of  Perdriacke,  the  lord  Ihon  Vandosme,  Vidane  ofCharters, 
the  Lorde  of  Touars,  the  lorde  of  Lohat,  the  lorde  of  Eglere,  the  Lorde  of  Beaniew,  the 
Bastard  Tremorle,  and  many  other  valiant  capitaines.  Wherfore  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe  and  his- 
cqmpanions,  set  all  their  company  in  good  ordre  of  battaill,  and  picked  stakes  before  euery. 
Archer,  to  breke  the  force  of  the  horsemen.  At  their  backes  they  set  all  their  wages  and 
cariages,  and  within  theim  thei  tied  all  their  horsses,  so  that  their  enemies  could  nether  assails- 
them  on  the  backeside,  nor  yet  spoile  them  of  their  horsses,  and  in  this  maner  they  stode. 
still,  abidyng  the  assaute  of  their  aduersaries.  The  Frenchmen  (by  reason  of  their  greats 
nombre)  thinking  the  victory  to  be  in  their  handes,  egerly  like  Lions  set  on  the  Englishmen,, 
whiche  with  greate  force,  them  receiued  and  manfully  defended :  for  it  stode  theim  vpon, 
consideryng  the  inequalitie  of  the  nombre.  And  after  long  and  cruell  fight  the  Englishmen 
droue  backe  and  vanquished  the  proude  Frenchemen,  and  compelled  theim  to  flie.  In  this 
conflict  were  slain,  Lorde  Willyam  Stewarde  Constable  of  Scotlande  and  his  brother,  the 
lorde  Doruall,  the  lorde  Delabret,  the  lorde  Chasteanbrian,  sir  Ihon  Basgot,  and  other 
Frenchmen  &  Scottes,  to  the  nombre  of.  xxv.  C.  and  aboue  xj.  hundred  taken  prisoners, 
although  some  French  writers  affirme  the  nombre  lesse. 

AFTER  this  fortunate  victory,  sir  Ihon  Fastolfe  and  his  company  (of  the  whiche  no  man 
of  any  reputacion  was  either  slain  or  taken,)  came  with  all  their  cariages,  vitaile,  and  pri- 
soners, to,  the  siege  before  Orleance,  where  they  wer  Joyously  receiued  &  welcomed  of  all  the 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  147 

souldiors.     This  conflict  (because  the  most  part  of  the  cariage  was  heryng  &  lenten  stuffe,^ 
the  Frenchmen  call,  the  vnfortunate  battail  of  herynges. 

THE  Erie  of  Suffolke,  beeyng  thus  vitailed,  continued  his  siege,  and  cuery  daic  almoste, 
skirmished  with  his  enemies,  whiche  being  in  dispaire  of  all  succors,  began  to  cornea 
emongest  theimself,  how  they  might  rendre  the  toune,  to  their  inoste  hcnou re  and  profile. 
After  muche  reasoning,  and  long  debatyng  emongest  the  capitaines,  and  the  magistrates  of 
the  toune,  what  way  was  best  to  be  folowed:  Some  iffirmed  it  not  onely  to  be  shamefull  and 
dishonorable,  but  also  vnnaluralland  vnreasonable,  to  yelde  the  toune  to  the  Englishcmen, 
beyng  neither  frendes  nor  fauorers  of  the  French  nucion :  other,  fe.iryng  the  victory  of  the 
Englishmen,  imagined,  that  if  they  by  force  possessed  the  citee,  they  would  do  to  them  as 
tyrantes  be  accustomed  toserue,  wilfulland  obstinate  people,  and  therefore  they  thought  it  a 
greate  folye  and  a  notable  lightnes,  not  to  beware  the  one,  as  to  deny  or  refuse  the  other. 
But  when  they  saw,  that  their  glory  must  nedes  decline  to  a  shame  &  reproche,  they 
thought  to  find  a  meane  waye  to  saue  themselfes,  and  their  cite  fro  the  captiuitie  of  then- 
enemies,  and  deuised  to  submit  their  citee  theselfes,  &  al  theirs  vnder  the  obeysance  of 
Phillip  duke  of  Burgoyn  because  he  was  brought  out  of  the  stocke  and  bloud  royall  of  the 
auncient  hous  of  Fraunce:  thinkyng  by  this  meanes  (as  thei  did  in  deede)  to  breke  or 
minishe  the  greate  amitie  betwene  the  Englishemen  &  hym. 

AFTER  this  poynt concluded,  they  made  open  &  sent  to  the  duke  all  their  deuises  and 
intentes  whiche  certified  the  that  he  would  gladly  receiue  their  oflVe,  so  that  the  Regent  of 
Fraunce  would  therto  agre  &  cosent.     And  therupo  dispatched  certain  ambassadors  to  the 
duke  of  Bedford,  to  whom  these  newes  wer  straunge  and   not  very  plesaunt,  vpon  whiche 
poynt,  he  assembled  a  great  counsaill.    Some  thought  that  maner  of  yeldyng  to  be  bothe  l.o- 
norable  and  profitable  to  the   king  of  Englande,  by  reason  wherof,  so  greate  a  citee,  &  so 
riche  a  countrey,  should  be  brought  out  of  the  possessio  of  their  enemies,  into  the  hades  of 
their  trusty  frendes,  without  farther  cost  or  bloudshed.     The  Duke  of  Bedford  &  other,  wer 
of  a  contrary  opinion,  thinkyng  it  bothe  dishonorable  and  vnprolitable  to  the  rea'me  of  Eng- 
land, to  se  a  cite  so  long  besieged  at  the  costes  &  expenses  of  the  kyng  of  England,  &  almoste 
brought  to  the  poynt  of  yeldyng,  to  be  yclded  to  any  other  fore  prince  or  potestate,  and  not  to 
hym  or  his  Regent,  the  example  wherof  might  prouoke  other  tounes  heraftcr  to  do  the  same. 
This  reason  toke  place,  and  the  Regent  answered  the  dukes  ambassadors,   that  it   was  not 
honorable  nor  yet  c5sonaunte  to  reason,  that  the  kyng  of  Englande  should  beate  the  bushe 
and  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  should  haue  the  birdes:  Wherfore  sithe  the  right  was  his,  the  war 
was  his,  and  the  charge  was  his,   he  saied  that  y  citie   ought  not  to  be  voided  to  no  other 
person,  but  to  hym  or  to  his  vse  and  profile.     By  this  litle  chance,  succedcd  a  great  change 
in  thenglishe  affaires,  for  a  double  mischief  of  this  answere  rose  and  sprang  out.     For  first 
the  duke  of  Burgoyne,   began  to  conceiue  a  certain  priuye  grudge  against  thenglishrnen  for 
this  cause:  thynkyng  the  to  enuy  &  beare  malice  against  his  glory  and  proiite,  for  the  whiche 
in  continuance  of  lime  he  became  their  enemy,  and  cleued  to  the  French  Kyngv     Secondly, 
the  Englibhcmen  left  the  siege  of  Orleaunce,  whiche  by  this  treaty  they  might  haue  had  to 
frend,  or  to  haue  continued  neutre,  till  their  Lord  the  duke  of  Orleaunce,  or  the  erle  of 
Angulosie  his  brother  wer  deliuered  out  of  the  captiuitie  of  the  English  people.     But  if  men 
wer  angels  and  forsaw  ihyngesto  come,  ihey  like  beasles  would  nolronne  to  their  confusion: 
but  fortune  which  gideth  die  destiny  of  man,  will  lurne  her  whele  as  she  listeth,  whosoeuer 
sailh  nay. 

WHILE  this  treaty  of  the  Orleaunces  was  in  hand,  Charles  the  dolphin,  daily  studied 
and  hourly  labored,  to  plucke  the  fauor  and  hartes  of  the  noL>i!itie  of  Fraunce,  from  the 
Englishe  nacion,  to  the  intent,  that  he  might  assemble  a  puyssance,  sufficient  to  relefe 
his  frendes,  beyng  shut  vp  in  the  citee  of  Orleauce.  While  he  was  studiyng  and  com- 
passyng  this  matter  there  happened  to  hym,  a  straunge  chaunce,  of  the  whiche  I  will 
write  a  litle,  because  some  of  the  Frenchc  aucthours,  and  especially  Ihon  Bouchet,  of  it 
writeth  to  muche. 

U  2  FOR 

148  THE.  VI.  YERE  OF 

FOR  as  he  and  other  saie,  there  came  to  hym  beyng  at  Chynon  a  mayd  of  the  age  of.  xx. 
yeres,  and  in  mans  apparell,  named  lone,  borne  in  Burgoyne  in  a  toune  called  Droymy 
beside  Vancolour,  which  was  a  greate  space  a  chamberleyn  in  acommen  hosiery,  and  was  a 
rampe  of  suclie  boldnesse,  that  she  would  course  horsses  and  ride  theim  to  water,  and  do 
thynges,  that  other yong  maidens,  bothe  abhorred  &  wer  ashamed  to  do:  yet  as  some  say, 
whether  it  wer- because  of  her  foule  face,  that  no  man  would  desire  it,  either  she  had  made  a 
vowe  to  liue  chaste,  she  kept  her  maydcnhed,  and  presented  her  virginitic.  She  (as  a  mon- 
ster was  sent  to  the  Dolphin,  by  sir  Robert  Baiulrencort  captain  of  Vancolour,  to  who  she 
declared,  that  she  was  sent  fro  God,  bothe  to  aide  themiserable  citee  of  Orleaunce,  and  also 
to  remit  hym,  to  the  possession  of  his  realme,  out  of  the  whiehe,,  he  was  ex  pulsed  and  ouer- 
comed:  rehersyng  to  hym,  visions,  trauses,  and  tables,  full  of  blasphemy,  supersticio  and 
hypocrisy,  that  I  maruell  much  that  wise  men  did  beleue  her,  and  lerned  clarkes  would  write 
suche  phantasies.  What  should  I  reherse,  how  they  saie,  she  knewe  and  called  hym  her 
kyng,  whom  she  neuer  saw  before.  What  should  I  speake  how  she  had  by  reuelacion  a 
swei'de,  to  her  appoynted  in  the  churchc  of  saincte  Katheryn,  of  Fierboys  in  Torayne  where 
she  neuer  had  been.  What  should  I  write,  how  she  declared  suche  priuy  messages  from 
God,  our  lady,  and  other  sainctes,  to  the  dolplr  n,  that  she  made  the  teres  ronne  doune 
fro  his  iyes.  So  was  he  deluded,  so  was  he  blynded,  &  so  was  he  dcceiued  by  the  deuils 
meanes  which  suffred  her  to  begynne  her  race,  and  inconclusion  rewarded  her  with  a 
shameful  fal.  But  in  the  meanc  season  suche  credite  was  geuen  to  her,  that  she  was  honoured 
as  asainct,  of  the  religious,  and  beleued  as  one  sent  from  God  of  the  temporaltie,  in  so 
muche  that  she  (armed  at  all  poyntes)  rode  from  Poytiers  to  Bloys,  and  ther  found  men  of 
war  vitail,  and  municjons,  redy  to  be  conueyed  to  Orleatice.  The  Englishmen  perceiuyng 
that  they  within  could  not  long  continue,  for  faute  of  vitaile&  ponder,  kepte  not  their  watche 
so  diligently  as  they  wer  accustomed,  nor  scoured  not  the  coutrcy  enuironed,  as  thei  before 
had  ordained :  which  negligence,  the  citezens  shut  in  perceiuyng,  sent  wordc  thcrof  to  the 
Frenche  capitaines,  whiehe  Puccl/e  in  the  dedde  tvmc  of  the  niglit,  and  in  a  greate 
rayne  and  thundre,  with  all  their  vitaile  and  artilery  entered  into  the  citee.  If  thei  were  wel- 
comed marueill  not,  for  folkes  in  greate  trouble,  be  ioyous  of  a  litle  comfort.  And  the 
nextdaie  the  Englishemen  boldely  assauted  the  tonne,  promisyng  to  theim  that  best  scaled  the 
walles  great  rewardes.  Then  men  mounted  on  ladders  coragiousiv,  and  with  gonnes,  arrowes 
and  pikes,  bette  their  enemies  from  the  wailes. 

THE  Frenchemen,  although  they  marueiled  at  the  fierce  fightyng  of  the  English  people, 
yet  thei  wer  not  amascd,  but  they  defended  them  selfes  to  the  darke  night,  on  whiehe 
daie,  no  great  priuate  feate  worthy  of  memory,  was  either  attempted  or  doen.  The  Bastard 
of  Orleaunce  (seyng  the  puyssaunce  of  thenglishe  nacion)  began  to  feare  the  sequele  of  the 
matter:  wherfore  he  sent  worde  to  the  duke  of  Alannson,  aduertisyri£  hym  in  what  case  the 
tonne  then  stoode,  and  that  it  could  not  long  continue  without  his  hasty  spede,  and  qiiicke 
diligence.  Whiehe  delaiyng  no  tymc  nor  deterryng  no  space  came  with  all  his  army  within 
two  leagues  of  the  citee,  and  sent  woorde  to  tiie  capitaines,  that  on  the  next  inorowe  they 
should  be  rccly  to  receiue  theim.  Whiehe  thyng,  the  nexie  daic  they  accomj>lished,  for  the 
Englishernen  thought  it  to  be  muche  to  their  auaile,  if  so  greate  a  multitude  entered  into  the 
citee,  vexed  with  famyne  &  replenished  with  scarsenes.  On  the  next  daie  in  the  mornyng, 
the  Freuchemen  altogether  issued  out  of  the  toune,  and  assauted  the  fortresse  or  Bastile, 
called  the  Bastyle  of  sainct  Lou  re,  the  whiehe  with  great  force  and  no  litle  losse  they  toke 
and  set  it  on  fire,  and  after  assauted  the  ton  re  at  the  bridge  ibote,  which  was  manfully  de- 
fended. But  the  Frenchemen  beyng  more  in  nombre,  so  fiersely  assauted  it,  that  they  toke 
it  or  the  LordeTalbot  could  come  to  succors:  in  the  whiehe  Willyam  Gladdisdale  the  capi- 
tain  was  s-lain,  and  the  Lorde  Morlyns,  and  thelorde  Pownynges  also. 

THE  Frenchemen  puffed  vp  with  this  good  lucke,  seyng  the  strong  fortres  was  vngotten, 

,  whiehe  was  vnder  the  defence  of  the  lorde  Talbot,  fetched  a  compasse  abor;te,  and  in  good 

ordre  of  battaile  marched  thether  ward.     The  lord  Talbot  like  a  capitain,  without  fere  or 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  149 

dred  of  so  great  a  multitude,  issued  out  of  his  Bastile,  and  so  fiersly  fought  with  the  Frenche— 
men,  that  they  not'able  to  withstande  his  puyssaunce,  fled  (like  bhcpj  before  the  Wolffe) 
again  into  the  citee,  with  greate  losse  of  men  and  small  artilerie:  and  of  the  Englishemen 
wer  lost  in  the  two  Bastyles  sixe  hundred  presones.  Then  the  erle  of  Sufiblke,  the  Lorde 
Talbot,  the  Lorde  Scales,  and  other  capitaines,  assembled  together,  where  causes  wer  shewed, 
that  it  was  bothe  necessary  and  conueniente  either  to  leue  the  siege  for  euer,  or  to  deferre  it 
till  another  tyme,  more  luckey  &  conuenient.  And  to  the  intent  that  thei  should  not  seme 
either  to  flie  or  to  be  driuen  from  the  siege  by  their  enemies,  they  determined  to  leaue  their 
fortresses  and  Bastyles,  and  to  assemble  in  the  plain  feld  and  there  to  abydc  all  the  daie,  a,bi-c 
dyng  the  outcommyng  and  baltaile  of  their  enemies.  This  conclusion  taken,  was  accord- 
yngly  executed.  The  Frenchemen,  weried  with  the  last  bickeryng,  held  in  their  heddes  and 
durste  not  once  appere:  and  so  thei  set  fire  in  their  lodgyngcs,  and  departed  in  good  ordre 
of  battail  from  Orleaunce.  The  next  daie  whiche  was  the.  viij.  daie  of  Maie,  the  Erie  of 
Suftblke,  ridyng  to  largeaux  with.  CCCC.  Englishmen,  and  the  lord  Talbot  with  another 
copany  returned  to  Meum  which"  tonne,  after  that  he  had  fortified,  he  incontinent,  assauted 
and  wan  the  toune  of  Lauall  and  the  Castle  sore  vexyng  and  punishyngthe  tounes  men,  for 
their  hard  hartes,  and  cancard  obstinacie:  and  leuyng  there  a  garrison  reculed  to  Meum. 

AFTER  this  siege  thus  broken  vp  to  tell  you,  wer  made  in  the  citee  of 
Orlaaunce,  what  wood  was  spente  in  fiers,  what  wyne  wasdronke  in  houses,  what  songes  wer 
song  in  the  stretes,  what  melody  was  made  in  Tauernes,  what  roundes  were  daunced,  in 
large  and  brocle  places,  what  iightes  were  set  vp  in  the  churches,  what  anthemes,  wer  song  in 
Chapellcs,  and  what  ioye  was  shewed  in  cuery  place,  it  were,  a  long  woorke  and  yet  no  ne- 
cessary cause.-  For  they  did  as  we  in  like  case  would  haue  dooen,  and  we  being  in  like 
estate, would  haue  doen  as  they  did.  After  that  the  Englishmen,  wer  thus  retired  from  the 
siege  of  Orleaunce,  and  seuered  themselfes  in  cliuer?e  tonnes  &  fortresses,  holdyng  on  their-" 
part:  The  duke  of  Alaunson,  the  Bastard  of  (Meat)  nee,  lone  the  puzell,  the  lorde  of  Gan- 
cort,  &  thuerse  other  Frenche  men  came  before  the  toune  of  largeaux,  where  the  ei  le  of 
Suffolke  and  his  twoo  brethren  soiorned  the.  xij.  .'daie  of  lune,  and  gaue  to  the  toune  a  great 
and  a  terrible  assaut,  wliiche  the  Englishmen,  (beyng  but  a  handful! )  manfully  defended  on 
three  paries  of  the  same.  Poyton  of  Sentrailes,  perceiuyngone  part  of  the  toune  to  be  vn- 
defended,  scaled  the  walles  on  that  part:  and  without  any  diiuculte  toke  the  toune,  and 

-siewesir  Alexander  Pole  brother  to  therle,  and  many  other,   to  the  nomlvre  of  two  hundred: 
but  they  not  muchegaynedj  for  they  lost.  iii.  C.  good  men  and  more.     Of  thenglishmen  wer 

-taken,  xl.  be: -ide  his  brother  Iho.  After  this  gain  and  good  lucke,  the  Frenchcmen  returnyng 
towarde  Orleaunce,  fell  in   contention  and  debate,  for  their  captiucs  and  prisoners,    and 

"Slewe  them  all,  sauyngthe  crle  and  his  brother, 

«T  THE  SEUENTil  Yi:RE. 

AFter  the  gaynyng  of  the  toune  of  largeaux,  the  same  array  cam  to  Meuin,  and  tokc  the, 
toure  at  t!ie  bridge,  and  put  there  in  a  garrison,  and  fro  thence  remoue-.l  to  Bangency.  ye"Cj 
Whiche  garrison,  beyng  not  vitailed  rendered  the  toune,  so  that  they  might  departe  with i'bagce 
and  baggage,  frankely  and  frely:  whiche  dc.sire  to  the  was  graunted.  'At  this  toune  of  Ban- 
gency,  met  with  the  duke  of  Alaunson,  Arthur  of  Brilayna,  the  false .forsworne  gentleman 
to  the  kyng  ofEnglande  newly  made  Constable  of  Fraunce  (as  you  haue  heard,)  with  whom 
was  tiie  lord  Delabret  with.  xij.  C.  men  :  to  whom  daily  repaired  freshc  aide  out  ofeuery  paut, 
as  the  Erie  of  Vandosme,  and  other,  to  the  nombre  of.  xx.  or.  xx'tij.  M  men.  All  these 
menofwarre,  determined  to  go  to  Meum,  and  to  take  the  toune,  but  they  wer  informed, 
that  the  Englishemen,  had  leftethe  toune  desolate,  and  wer  returned  to  tiie  lord  Talbot  to 
leneuile.  Then  thei  concluded  to  passe  towarde  that  toune.  But,  as  they  marched  forwarde 
vpon  a  Sateidaie,  thei  had  perfite  knowledge,  that  the  lorde  Talbot  with,  v,  thousand  men, 

4  was 

-150  THE.  VII.  YERE  OF 

Avas  commyng  to  Meum.  Wherfore,  thei  intendyng  to  stop  hym  a  tyde,  conueyed  their 
.company  to  asm-all  village  called  Patay,  vvhiche  way,  they  knewe  that  the  Englishmen  must 
nedes  passe  by.  And  first  they  appoynted  their  horsemen,  whiche  were  well  and  richely  fur- 
bished, to  go  before,  and  sodainly  to  set  on  the  Englishemen,  or  they  wer,  either  ware  or 
setinordre.  The  Englishmen  commyng  forwarde,  perceiued  the  horsemen,  and,  imaginyng 
to  deceiue  their  enemies,  commaunded  the  fotemen  to  enuirone  &  enclose  theselfes  about  with 
their  stakes,  but  the  French  horsmen  came  on  so  fiersly,  that  the  archers  had  no  leyser,  to 
set  themselfes  in  a  raie.  There  was  no  remedy  but  to  fight  at  aduenture.  This  battaill,  co- 
tinued  by  the  space  of  thre  long  hou res.  And  although  thenglishmen  wer  ouerpressed,  with 
the  noiubre  of  their  aduersaries,  yet  thei  neuer  fledde  backe  one  foote,  till  their  capitain  the 
lorde  Ta loot,  was  sore  wounded  at  the  backe,  and  so  taken.  Then  their  hartes  began  to 
faint,  &  thei  fled  in  whiche  flight,  ther  wer  slain  aboue.  xij.  C.  and  taken,  xl.  wherof  the  lorde 
Talbot  the  lord  Scales,  the  lord  Hungerford,  &  sir  Thomas  Rampston,  were  the  chief:  howbeit 
diuerse  archers  whiche  had  shot  all  their  arrowes,  hauyng  only  their  swerdes,  defended  the- 
self,  and  with  the  help  of  some  of  the  horsmen,  ca  safe  to  Meu. 

WHEN  the  fame  was  blowen  abrode,  that  the  Lorde  Talbot  was  taken,  all  the  French- 
men not  alitle  reioysed,  thinkyng  surely,  that  now  the  rule  of  the  Englishmen,  should 
shortly  assuage  and  waxe  faint :  for  feare  wherof,  the  tounes  of  leneuile,  Meu,  Fort,  and 
diuerse  other,  returned  from  the  Englishe  part,  and  became  Frenche,  to  the  greate  dis- 
pleasure of  the  Regent.  Fro  this  battaill,  departed  without  any  stroke  striken,  sir  Ihon 
Fastoiffe,  thesarne  yere  for  his  valiauntnes  elected  into  the  ordre  of  the  Garter.  For 
whiche  cause  the  Duke  of  Bedford,  in  a  great  anger,  toke  from  hym  the  image  of  sainct 
George,  and  his  Garter,  but  afterward,  by  meane  of  frendes,  and  apparant  causes  of  good 
excuse  by  hym  alledged,  he  was  restored  to  the  order  again,  against  the  mynd  of 'the  lorde 
Talbot.  " 

CHARLES,  callyng  hymsclf  Frenche  kyng,  beyng  aduertised  of  this  victory,  thought 
now,  that  al  thynges  succeded,  accordyng  to  his  opinion  and  good  hope,  whiche  euer,  was 
of  that  hie  corage  and  haut  mynd,  that  in  his  moste  aduersitie,  he  neuer  dispaired  in  good 
lucke  at  length:  so  that  the  Erie  of  Salisbury  beyng  dedde,  and  the  lorde  Talbot  liuin<r  in 
captiuitle,  (which  wer  y  glory  of  his  enemies)  he  thought  to  enterprise  great  and  waighty 
thynges,  wner  before  he  rnedeled  with  small  and  litle  doynges.  For  fulfillynsf  of  his  mynd 
and  appetite,  he  determined,  first  to  conquere  the  citee  of  Reynes,  to  the  intent,  that  he 
beyng  there,  might  accordyng  to  the  fashion  of  his  progenitors,  with  all  accustomed  Cere- 
monies, be  sacred  and  anoynted  kyng  with  the  holy  ampulle,  that  all  men  niight  se  and 
perceiue,  that  he  was,  by  all  lanes  and  decrees,  a  iust  and  a  lawfull  kyng.  Wherfore  he 
assemblyng  to  gether  a  great  army,  &  hauyng  in  his  company  lone  the  Puzel,  whom  he 
vsed  as  an  oracle  and  a  southsaier,  passed  through  Champaigne,  by  the  toune  of  Anxer. 
The  within,  sent  to  him  messegers,  praiyng  him  of  certain  daies  of  abslinece  of  war,  in 
ttie  which  (if  they  wer  not  rescued)  they  promised  to  rendre  the  toune.  He  not  willing  to 
recornpenee  with  ingratitude,  the  louyng  hartes  of  the  cite/ens,  graunted  gently  to  their 
peticion,  and  leuyng  there  certain  persons,  to  se  that  they  should  not  iugle  with  hym,  de- 
parted from  thence  to  Troys,  beyng  the  chief  citie  of  Chapaigne,  whiche  he  besieged,  xii. 
daies.  Sir  Phillip  Hal  capitain  there,  vnprouided  bothe  of  vitai'l  and  men,  mistwistyng, 
that  aide  would  not  come  in  tyme,  vpon  ccposicion  rendered  the  toune,  so  that  he,  £  his, 
with  all  their  moueables  might  in  sauetie  depart  the  citee:  whiche  demaund  was  agreed  to. 
After  that  Troys  was  voided,  the  comnionaltie  of  Chalons,  rebelled  against  sir  John  A\v- 
bemod  their  capitain,  and  constrained  hym  to  deliuer  the  toune  vpon  like  coposicion,  whiche 
against  his  wil,  he  was  fain  to  do:  and  likewise  did  the  citezens  of  Reyns,  desiryng  hym  to 
geue  saueconduite  to  all  Lnglishemen,  safely  to  departe. 

WHEN  he  had  ihus  conquered  Reyns,  he  in  the  presence  of  all  the  noblemen  of  his  faccion, 
and  the  dukes  of  Lorayne  and  Barre,  was  sacred  kyng  of  Frafice,  by  the  name  of  Charles 
ihe.  vi.  with  all  rites  and  ceremonies  therto  apperteinyng.  Thei  of  Anxer  which  wer  not 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  1.51 

rescued  within  the  tyme  appoynted,  brought  the  kayes  to  hym,  and  submitted  theirnselfes  to 
liis  obeysaunce  :  likewise  did  all  the  citees  and  tounes  adioynyng,  geuyng  thankes  to  almigh- 
tie  God,  whiche  hauyng  compassion  of  their  misery,  had  restored  them  to  libertie  and  fre- 
<lome.  The  Duke  of  Bedford,  hearyng  that  these  tounes  and  soyssons  also,  had  returned 
to  the  part  of  his  aduersaries,  and  that  Charles  late  Dolphyn  had  taken  vpon  hym  the  name 
and  estate  of  the  kyng  of  Fraunce,  and  also,  seyng  that  daily,  citees  and  tounes  returned 
from  thenglishe  part  and  became  Frenche,  as  though  the  Englishmen  had  now  lost  all 
their  hardy  chieftaines  and  valiaut  men  of  warre,  espied  and  eu'idently  perceiued,  that  the- 
laste  and  vttennoste  poynt  of  recouery,  was  driuen  only  to  ouercome  by  battaill,  and  to 
subdue  by  force.  By  whiche  victory,  (as  he  putte  his  confidence  in  God)  he  trusted  not 
onely  to  scourge  and  plague  the  citees,  whiche  were  so  sodainly  chaungeable,  but  also  to- 
assuage  and  caulme  the  haute  corage  of  the  newe  sacred  Frenche  kyng  and  his  comi  a- 
nions.  Wherfore,  he  hauyng  together,  x.  M.  good  Englishmen,  (beside  Normans)  de- 
parted out  of  Paris,  in  warlike  fashid  and  passed  through  Brye  to  Monstrean  Faultyow, 
and  there  sente  by  Bedforde  his  herault  letters  to  the  Frenche  kyng,  alledgyng  to  hym  that 
he  contrary  to  the  lawes  of  God  and  man,  yea,  and  contrary  to  the  final!  conclusion^ 
taken,  concorded,  and  agreed  betwene  his  noble  brother  kyng,  Henry  the  fifth,  and  kyng 
Charles,  the.  v.  father  to  thesaid  nowe  vsurper,  leuyng  all  humuyne  reason  and  honest  com- 
municacion,  (which  sometyme  appeaseth  debates  and  pacifielh  strifes)  onely  allured  and 
intised  by  a  deuilishejvyjche,  and  a  gflthanicall  enchaunterese,  had  not  onely  falsely  and 
craftely,  taken  vpon  hym,  the  name,  title  and  dignitie  of  the  kyng  of  Frauce:  J3ut  also 
had,  by  murder,  stelyng,  craft,  and  deceiptful  meanes,  violently  gotten,  and  wrongfully 
kept,  diuerse  citees  and  tounes,  belongyng  to  the  kyng  of  Englande,  his  mpste  best  be- 
loued  lorde,  and  moste  derest  nephew.  For  profe  wberof,  he  was  come  dourie  from  Paris, 
with  his  armye,  into  the  countrey  of  Brye,  by  dent  of  swerde  and  stroke  of  battaill,  to 
proue  his  writyng  and  cause  trewe,  willyng  his  enernie  to  chose  the  place,  and  he  in  the 
same,  would  geue  hym  battayle. 

THE  newe  Frenche  kyng,  departyng  from  his  solempne  Ceremonies  at  Reins,  and  re- 
mouyng  from  thence  to  Dampmartine,  studiyng  how  to  compasse  the  Parisiens,  ether  with 
money,  or  with  promes,  was  somewhat  troubled  with  this  message,  howbeit,  he  made  a 
freshe  countenauee,  &  a  Frenche  brag,  answeryng  to  the  herault:  that  he  would  soner- 
seke  his  Master,  and  the  Duke  should  pnrsewe  hym.  The  duke  of  Bedford  hearyng  his 
aunswer,  marched  toward  hym,  and  pitched  his  feld  in  a-strong  place,  and  sent  out  dinerse 
of  his  raungers,  to  prouoke  the  Frenchmen  to  come  forward.  The  Frenche  kyng  was  in 
nianer  determined  to  abyde  the  battaill,  but  when  he  hard  saic  by  his  espialles,  that  tha 
power  and  nombre  of  the  Englishemen,  to  his  army  equal  in  power,  he  determined  that 
it  was  more  for  his  profile,  to  abstain  fro  battaill  without  danger,  then  to  entre  into  the  con- 
fticte  with  ieopardy :  fearyng  least  that  with  a  rashe  corage,  he  might  ouerthrowe  al  liis  affaires 
whiche  so  effecteously  preceded.  And  so  well  aduisecl,  he  turned  with  his  army,  alitle  out  of 
the  waie.  The  duke  of  Bedford  pefceiuyng  his  faint  corage,  folowed  hvm  by  mountaines  and 
dales,  tilt  he  came  to  a  toune  in  Barre,  not  forre  from.  Senlys,  where  he  found  the  Freeh, 
kyng  and  his  army.  Wherfore  he  ordred  his  battail,  like  a  man  expert  in  marciall  science, 
settyng  the  archers  before,  and  hymself  with  the  noblemen  in  the  mayne  battaill,  and  put 
the  Normans  on  bothe  sides  for  the  wynges.  The  Frenche  kyng  also  ordered  his  battailes, 
accordyng  to  the  deuise  of  his  caprtaines.  Thus,  these  twoo  armies  without  any  greate 
doyng,  (except  a  fewe  skirmishes,  in  the  whiche  the  dukes  light  horsmen  did  very  vafiaunt- 
ly)  lay  eche  in  sight  of  other,  by  the  space  of  twoo  daies  and  twoo  nightes.  But  when  tiie 
Frenche  kyng  sawe,  and  perceiued,  how  glad,  how  diligent  and.  coragious  the  Englishmen  wer 
to  fight  and  geue  battail,  he  imagened  that  by  his  tariyng,  one  of  these  twoo  thynges  must 
nedes  chauce :  that  is  to  saie,  either  he  should  fight  against  his  will,  or  lye  still  like  a  cowarde, 
to  his  greate  rebuke  and  infamy.  Wherefore  in  the  dedde  of  the  night,  (as  priuely  as  he 
could)  he  brake  vp  his  campe  and  fled  to  Bray.  When  this  flight  was  perceiued  in  the 


153  THE.  VII.  YEREOF' 

mornyng,  the  Regent  could  scace  refrain  his  people,  from  folowyng  the  Frenche  army,  call- 
yng  them,  cowardes,  dastardes,  and  loiites,  and  therfore,  he  perceiuing  that  by  no  mcanes, 
he  could  allure  the  new  Frenche  kyng  to  abide  battaill,  mistrustyng  the  Parisias,  and  gcu- 
yng  no  great  crciiite  to  their  faire,  swete  and  fiatteryng  woordes,  returned  again  to  Paris, 
to  assemble  together  a  greater  power,  and  so  to  prosecute  his  enemies. 

IN  this  season,  the  Bohemians,  (whiche  belike  had  espied  the  vsurped  authorise  of  the 
bishop  of  Rome)  began  to  rebell  against-his  sea,  which,  (as  Eneas  Siluius  doth  report  wer; 
i'alle  into  certain  sectes  of  heresie.  Wherefore,  Martyn  the  fifth  bishop  of  Rome,  wrote 
vnto  them  to  abstain  from  warre,  and  to  be  reconciled  by  reason,  from  their  damnable 
opinions.  But  they,  (beyng  persuaded  to  the  contrary)  neither  gaue  eare  vnto  "hym,  nor 
yet  obeyed  his  voyce.  Wherfore  the  bishop  of  Rome,  wrote  to  the  princes  of  Germany, 
to  iimade  \  realmes  of  Beanie,  as  the  denne  of  heretikes,  and  cane  of  deuilishe  doctryne. 
Besyde  this,  he  appoynted  Henry  bishop  of  Winchester,  and  Cardinall  of.  S,  Eusebie,  a 
ma  very  \vel  borne,  (as  you  haue  hard)  but  no  better  borne  then  high  stomacked,  and  yet 
ho  higher  stomacked,  then  abundantly  enriched,  to  be  his  legate  in  this  great  iomey,  and  to 
bryng  out  men  from  the  realme  of  Englande,  into  the  countrey  of  Beame.  And  because 
tlie  warre  touched  religion,  he  licenced  the  said  Cardinall,  to  take  the  tenth  part  of  euerv 
spirituall  dignitie,  benefice,  and  promocio.  This  matter,  was  declared  in  open  Parlia- 
ment in* Englande,  and  not  dissented,  but  gladly  assented  to,  wherfore  the  bishop  gathered 
the  money,  and  assembled  foure  thousand  men  and  mo,  not  without  great  grudge  of  the 
people,  uhiche  daily  were  with  tallages  and  aides  weried,  and  sore  burdened.  And  when 
men,  mnnicions,  and  money  wer  ready  for  his  hrght  enterprise,  he  with  ail  his  people  came 
to  the  sea  stronde  at  Douer,  ready  to  passe  ouer  the  sea  into  Flanders. 

liVT  in  the  meane  season,  the  Duke  of  Bedforde  consideryng,  how  tonnes  daily  wer 
gotten,  and  countries  hourely  vvonnc  in  the  realme  of  Fraunce,  for  lacke  of  sufficient  de- 
fence and  nombre  of  men  of  warre,  wrote  to  his  brother  the  duke  of  Gloucester,  to  releue 
him  with  aide,  in  that  tcmpestious  tyrne  and  troubelous  season.  When  this  letter  was 
brought  into  Englande,  the  duke  of  Gloucester  was  not  alitle  amased,  because  he  had  no 
army  redy  to  sende  at  that  tyme :  for  by  the  reason  of  the  Crewe,  sent  into  Beame,  he 
could  not  soclainly  reyse  a  newe  arrnye.  But  because  the  matter  was  of  suche  importaunce, 
and  might  neither  be,  fro  day  to  day  differred,  nor  yet  long  delaied,  he  wrote  to  the  bishop 
of  Winchester,  to  passe  with  all  his  army  toward  the  duke  of  Bedford,  whiche  at  that  tyme 
had  bothe  ncde  of  men  and  assistance,  consideryng  that  now,  all  stoocle  vpon  losse  or  gaine 
whiche  thyng  doen,  and  to  his  honor  acheued,  he  might  performe  his  iorney  against  the 
•vngracious  Bohemians.  Although  the  Cardinall  was  somewhat  moued  with  (his  counter- 
mauncle,  yet  least  he  should  be  noted,  not  to  ayde  the  Regent  of  Fraunce,  in  so  greate  a 
cause  and  so  necessary  an  entreprise,  he  bowed  from  his  former  iorney,  and  passed  the  sea 
with  all  his  company,  and  brought  them  to  his  cosyn,  to  the  citee  of  Paris. 

CHARLES  the  Frenche  kyng,  hauyng  knowledge  in  the  meane  season  by  his  espialls, 
which  went  round  about  the  countrey,  to  intise  and  soliicitc  tounes  and  citees,  to  returne 
from  the  Englishe  part,  and  become  Frenche,  that  the  inhabitates  of  Champeigne  and 
Beuauoys  ought  hym  greate  loue  and  synguler  fauor,  and  gladly  coueted  to  renounce  the 
subieccion  of  England,  and  to  be  vnder  his  proteccion,  and  also  offred  to  open  him  their 
gates,  so  that  they  should  not  therby,  be  in  ieoperdy  of  their  lifes  and  losse  of  their  goodes, 
with  all  haste  &  diligece  remoued  towarde  Champeigne.  The  duke  of  Bedford  beyng  ad- 
uertiscd  of  his  progresse,  and  hauyng  his  armie  augmented,  with  the  new  aide,  whiche  the 
cardinal  had  of  late  conducted,  marched  forward  with  great  spede  to  encountre  and  «eue 
battaill,  to  his  mortall  enemy  the  Frenche  kyng.  When  the  duke  was  come  to  Senlys,  the 
Frenchemeri  wer  lodged  on  the  Mountpilioll,  betwene  Senlis  and  Champiegne.  Euery 
army  knew  of  other,  and  euery  hoste  might  behold  other.  Then  the  capes  wer  trenched, 
and  the  'battailes  pitched,  and  the  feldes  ordered.  Thus,  these  great  armies  lay  two  daies, 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  153 

nothyng  doyng  but  with  skirmishes,  in  the  whiche  the  Normans  sore  vexed  the  Frenche- 
men.  Wherfore,  the  lorde  Regent,  gaue  to  them  many  high  laudes  and  praisynges,  and 
determined  surely  the  next  dale,  to  set  on  Uie  French  kyng  in  his  cape,  if  he  would  not 
remoue  out,  and  abide  battaill.  But  while  kyng  Charles  did  politiquely  consider,  what  a 
variable  lady,  Fortune  was,  and  what  a  sodain  and  vnthought  chauce  of  a  small  thyng,  might 
<Jo  in  a  battaill :  for  the  detrimentes  and  ouerthrowes,  that  he  and  his  nacion  had  taken 
and  tasted  by  thenglishemen,  wer  to  them  a  lernyng,  an  example  and  a  plaine  experiment, 
to  auoyde  open  ioynyng,  mutual  coflict,  and  force  to  force.  .And  beside  that,  he  had  by 
his  explorators  and  spies,  plain  and  perfect  knowledge,  y  many  and  diuerse  citees  &  tounes 
in  Fraunce,  abhorryng  thenglislie  libertie,  and  aspiryng  to  the  French  bondage  and  natiue 
-seruitude,  (accordyng  to  the  nature  of  Asses,  whiche  tiie  more  they  be  charged  with,  the 
more  they  desire)  would,  (whe  they  sawe  their  tyme)  not  onely  rebell  and  returne  to  his 
faccion  and  parte,  but  also  were  ready  to  aide  and  assi-te  hym,  in  recoucry  of  his  desired 
realme  and  auncient  dominion,  in  expeilyng  also  the  Englishe  nacion,  out  of  the  territories 
of  Fraunce.  And  therefore,  he  imagined  that  the  duke  of  Bedforde,  was  so  hasty  to  geue 
hym  battaill,  thynkyng,  that  if  he  then  wer  oucrcome,  the  game  had,  for  the  Englishemen 
been  clerely  gotten,  &  to  the  Frenchemen,  a  perpeluall  checkemate.  Wherfore  he  deter- 
mined neuer,  (except  very  necessitie  compelled  or  constrained  him)  to  fight  in  open  battaill 
with  the  Englishmen,  nor  by  a  feld  to  aduenturc  his  realme  with  the,  of  whom  his  prede- 
cessors so  often  tymes  had  been  vanquished.  Wherfore,  like  a  carpet  capitaine  he  in  the 
night,  remoued  his  campe  and  fled  to  Crespy,  and  yet  his  nobre  was  double  to  the  Englishe 
army.  The  duke  of  Bedforde,  seyngthat  the  Frenche  kyng  was  thus  cowardly  retrayted, 
and  as  a  man,  whiche  durste  not  once  assaie  the  stroke  of  an  Englishe  arme,  shamefully 
reculed :  with  all  his  power  and  armie,  returned  agayn  to  Paris,  sore  suspectyng  the  de- 
ceiptfull  faith  of  the  pollitique  Parisians.  The  bishop  of  Winchester,  after  the  Frenche 
kynges  flight,  went  into  Beame,  and  there  did  somwhat,  but  what  it  was,  authors  kepe  si- 
lence, and  so  do  I:  But  shortly,  he  without  any  greate  praise,  and  small  gayne,  returned 
into  Englande,  more  glad  of  his  retraite,  then  of  his  aduausyng  fonvarde.  Sone  after,  the 
bishop  of  Rome  without  his  agrement,  vnlegated  hym,  and  set  another  in  his  stede  &  au- 
thoritie,  with  which  doyng,  he  was  neither  cdtent  nor  pleased. 


ON  the  vi.  day  of  Nouembre,  being  theday  of  sainct  Leonard,  kyng  Henry,  in  the  eight  Ttle-  ,.- 
ye  re  of  his  reigne,  was,  at  Westminster  with  all  pompe  and   honor,  crouncd  kyng  of  this-     >•*«• 
realme  of  England.     At  which  coronacion,  to  reherse  the  costly  fa  ire,   the  delicate  meate, 
the  pleasaunt  wines,  the  nombre  of  courses,  the  sortes  of  dishes,  the  labors  of  officers,  the 
multitude  of  people,  the  estates  of  Lorcles,  the  beauties  of  Ladies,   the  riches  of  apparel!, 
the  curious  deuises,  the  solempne  banquettes,  it  would  aske  a  long  tyme,  and  wery  you: 
Wherfore  leuyng  the  pleasaunt  pastyme  in  England,   I  will  returne  to  the  troubleous  warrcs 
in  Fraunce. 

AFTER  that  the  French  kyng  was  fled  from  the  duke  of  Bedford,  (as  you  haue  harde 
before)  and  was  come  to  Crespy  in  Valoys,  he  was  credibly  informed,  how  the  citezens  of 
Champaigne,  desired  greatly  to  be  vnder  his  gouernaunce  and  subieccion.  Wherfore,  he 
.mindyng  not  to  lese  so  faire  an  offred  prey,  ceased  not,  til  he  came  to  the  toune,  where,- 
with  all  reuerence  and  benignitie,  he  was  receiued  and  welcomed.  And  after  that,  were 
rendered  to  hym,  the  tounes  of  Senlis  and  Beauoys.  And  the  Lorde  Longuenall  tooke  by 
stelth,  the  castle  of  Aumarle  and  slewe  all  the  Englishemen,  and  in  short  space,  the  lorde 
Barbasan,  whiche  long  had  been  prisoner  in  the  Castle  Gaylard,  so  muche,  what  with  faire' 
wordes  and  large  promises,  persuaded  his  kepers,  that  he  not  only  deliuered  his  awne  per- 
soiie,  but  also  caused  the  toune,  to  turne  from  thenglishmen,  to  the  part  of  kyng  Charles 

X  his 

1.54  THE.  VIII.  YERE  OF 

his  Master.  Whiche  kyng,  although  he  muche  reioysed,  at  the  good  successe,  that  Fortune 
had  to  hym  sente,  yet  he  was  somwhat  desperate,  how  to  recouer  his  conntrey  from  the  pos- 
session of  the  Englishemen,  except  he  vnknitted  the  knotte  and  league,  •  bel  wene  the  duke  of 
Burgoyn  and  them.  Wherfore,  he  sent  his  Chauncellor,  &  diuerse  Ambassadors  to  the 
duke  of  Burgoyn,  first,  excusyng  himself  of  the  death  &  murder,  of  duke  Ihon  his  father, 
&  after,  declaryng  to  him,  that  there  could  be  nothing  more  foule,  more  dishonest,  nor  more 
detestable,  then,  for  his  awne  peculiar  cause,  &  pi  iuate  displeasure,  to  ioyne  with  his  aun- 
cient enemies,  and  perpetual  aduersaries,  against  his  natiue  countrey  and  natural!  nation: 
not  onely  requiryng  hym,  of  concord,  peace,  and  arnitie,  but  also  promisyng  golden  moun- 
taines,  and  many  more  benefites,  then  at  that  tyme,  he  was  either  able  or  could  performe. 
This  message  was  not  so  secrete,  nor  the  doyng  so  closely  cloked,  but  the  Duke  of  Bedford, 
therof  was  plainly  informed.  Whiche  beyng  sore  troubled,  and  vnquieted  in  his  mind, 
because  he  sawe  the  power  of  thenglisl.e  nation,  daily  waxe  lesse,  he,  of  all  thynges,  first 
forseyng,  if  any  losse  should  of  necessitie  chaunce,  of  those  tounes  and  countreis,  whiche 
his  noble  brother,  kyng  Henry  the  fifth  had  conquered,  in  the  very  countrey  of  Fraunce,  for 
lacke  of  tuition  or  defence:  yet  for  an  ankerhold,  he  determined  to  kepe,  possesse,  and  de- 
'  fende,  the  Dutchie  of  Normandy,  the  olde  inheritaunce  and  aunciente  patrimony,  of  the 
kynges  of  Englande,  and  fro  'them  onely,  by  force  and  not  by  iustice,  by  violence  and  not 
by  right,  sithe  the  tyme  of  kyng  Henry  the  t'hirde,  (the  deuilishe  de-jii-ion  then  reignyng  in 
the  realmej  wrongfully  deteined,  and  injuriously  vsurped.  Wherfore,  he  diligently  pro- 
uidyng,  for  thynges  that  might  chaunce,  appoynted  gouernor  of  the  citce  of  Paris,  Lewes  of 
Luxenberough,  bishop  of  Turwine  and  Ely,  beyng  Chauncellor  of  Fraunce,  for  the  kyng  of 
England,  a  man  of  no  lesse  wit,  then  of  birthc,  leuyng  with  hym,  a  conuenient  n ombre  of 
Englishemen  to  defende  bothe  the  citee  and  territory  of  Paris,  &  the  isle  of  Fraiice.  then 
beyng  in  the  Englishmens  possession  and  gouernaunce. 

THESE  thynges  thus  oidered,  he  departed  from  Paris,  into  Normandy,  and  called  at 
Roan  a  parliament,  of  1  he  t lire  estates  of  the  ducbie,  in  the  whiche  he  declared  vnto  them, 
the  great  liberties,  the  mani.bide  priueleges,  the  innumerable  benefites,  whiche  they  had  re- 
ceiued  of  the  kynges  of  Englande,  duryng  the  tyme,  that  they  wer  possessors  and  iordes  of 
thesame  duchie,  not  puttyng  in  obliuion,  the  mi.>ery,  bondage,  and  calatnitie,  whiche  they 
had  sustained,  by  the  intollerable  yoke  and  daily  tributes,  continually  layed  in  their  neckes 
like  Asses,  by  the  cruell  and  coueteous  Frenchemen :  and  puttyng  theim  also  in  remetn- 
braunce,  how  the  kynges  of  England,  wer  not  only  brought  furth  and  disceded,  of  the  Nor- 
mans bloud  £  progeny,  but  wer  the  very  true  &  vndouhtfu'l  heires,  to  thesame  countrey  and 
duchie,  lineally  succedyng  &  lawfully  discendyng  from  Rollo  the  hardy,  first  duke  and 
prince  of  the  same  dominion:  Requiryng  theim  farther,  to  line  in  lone  and  amitie  emongest 
theim  self,  to  be  true  and  obedient,  to  the  kyng  their  soueraigne  Lorde,  and  to  kepe  their 
othe  and  proaies,  made  and  sworne  to  his  noble  brother,  kyng  Henry  the.  v.  prorriisyng  to 
them,  Englishe  libertie  and  priueleges  royall.  While  the  duke  of  Bedford  was  thus,  inter- 
tainyng  and  encoragyng  the  Normans,  Charles  the  new  Frenche  kyng,  beyng  of  his  depar 
ture  aduertised,  longyng  and  thrystyng  for  to  obtain  Paris,  the  chief  citee  &  principal!  place 
of  resort,  within  the  whole  real  me  of  Fraunce,  departed  from  the  toune  of  SenliS  well  ac- 
companied, and  came  to  the  toune  of  sainct  Denise,  whiche  he  found  desolate,  and  aban- 
doned of  all  garrison,  and  goodgouernauce.  Wherfore,  without  force  arid  small  damage,  he 
entered  into  the  voyed  toune,  and  lodged  his  armie  at  Monntmartyr,  and  Abberuilliers,  riere 
adioynyng,  and  liyng  to  the  citee  of  Paris.  And  from  thence,  sent,  Ihon  duke  of  Alatnisoh, 
and  his  sorceresse  lone,  (called  the  mayde,  sent  from  (icd)  in  whom,  his  whole  afh'au'nce 
then  consisted,  with  thve  rbousande  light  hor^men,  to  get  again  the  citie  of  Paris,  either  by 
force,  or  by  faire  flatteryng,  or  reasonable  trcatie,  and  after  them,  he  without  delaie  or  difer- 
ryng  of  tyme,  with  all  his  power,,  came  betwene  Moutmartyr  and  Paris,  and  sodainly,  ap- 
proched  the  gate  of  sainct  Ilonore,  settyng  vp  ladders  to  the  wailes,  and  castyng  faggoltes  into 
the  cliches,  as  though,  he  would  with  a  French  bragge,  sodainly  haue  gbtte  the  faire  cite! '  "But 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  )55 

thenglishe  capitaines,  euery  one  kepyng  his  ward  and  place  assigned,  so  manfully  and  fiersly 
with  a  noble  forage,  defended  themselfes,  their  walles  and  toures,  with  the  assistence  of  the 
Parisians,  that  thei  rebutted  and  draue  a«aie  the  Frenchmen,  &  threwe  doune  lone,  their 
greate  goddesse,  into  Hie  botome  of  ilie  toune  ditchc,  where  she  laie  behynd  the  backe  of  an 
Asse,  sore  hurte,'  till  the  tyine  tliat  she  all  filthy  with  mire  and  duvte,  was  drawen  out,  by 
Guyschard  of  Thienbrone,  scruaunt  to  the  duke  of  Alaunson.  The  Frenche  Kyng,  seyng 
the  greate  losse,  that  he  had  sustcined  at  tins  assaut,  and  accompted  his  pretensed  conquest, 
in  raaner  impossible,  leuyng  the  dedde  bodies  behind  hyra,  and  takyng  with  hyin,  the 
wounded  capitaincs,  whiche  wer  of  no  small  nombre,  returned  into  Berry.  But  in  .the 
uieane  waie,  tlie  ciuzens  of  Laignie,  became  his  subiectes,  and  made  to  hyin  an  othe,  pro- 
inisyng  to  conlinewe  from  thence  fnrth  to  hym,  both  true  and  obedient. 

THE  Duke  of  Bedford,  bevng  in  Normandy,  and  hearyng  of  this  soclain  attempt,  lost  no 
tyine,  nor  spared  no  trauaile,  till  lie  came  to  Paris.  Where  he,  not  onely  thanked  the  capi- 
taines,  and  praised  the  cilezSs  for  their  assured  h'delitie  and  good  will,  towarde  their  kyng 
and  souereigne  lorde,  but  also  extolled  tlieir  hardines,  &  manly  doynges  aboiie  the  Staires, 
and  high  elementes:  promisyng  to  them,  honor,  fame,  and  greate  aduauncemcntes.  Whiche 
gentle  exbortacion,  so  incbraged  and  inflamed  the  hartes  of  the  Parisians,  that  they  sware, 
promised,  and  cocluded,  to  be  frendes  euer  to  the  kyng  of  Englande  and  his  fi  endes,  and  ene- 
mies alwaies  to  his  foes  anil  adaersaries,  ma  kyng  proclamation  by  this  stile.  Frendes  to  Kyng 
Henry,  frendes  to  the  Parisians,  enemies  to  England,  enemies  to  Paris.  But  if  they  spake 
it  with  their  hartes,  either  for  feare,  that  Charles  the  Frenche  kyng,  should  not  punishe 
them,  if  he  once  ohteired  the  suporioritie,  ouer  their  citee,  &  toune,  or  that  thei  flattred 
thenglishmen,  to  put  theiii.sclfes  in  credite  with  the  chief  capitaines,  you  shal  plainly  perceiue, 
by  the  sequele  of  their  acies. 

SQNE  after  these  doyngiis,  came  to  Paris  with  a  greate  company,  Phillip  duke  of  Eurgoyn, 
whicl.e  was  of  the  Regent,  and  the.  lady  his  wife,  honorably  receiued,  and  highly  feasted. 
And  after  long  coiiMiltacion  had,  for  recoueryng  of  the  tounes,  lately  by  the  Frenche  kyng 
stollen  and  taken,  it  was  agreed,  that  the  duke  of  Bedford,  should  rayse  an  armie,  for  the 
recouery  of  Unsaid  fortresses,  and  that  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  should  be  his  deputie,  and 
tary  at  Paris,  for  the  defence  of  the  same.  After  this  greate  businesse,  thus  concluded,  and 
appoynted,  rlie  Duke  of  Bedforde  hymself,  without  any  greate  resistannce,  recouered  again 
the  toune  of  sainct  Denise,  and  diuerse  other  Castles.  And  after  that  doen,  he  sent  the  Bas- 
tard of  Clarence,  to  laye  siege  to  the  Castle  of  Toursie,  beyng  bothe  by  the  naturall  situacion, 
and  mannes  pollicie,  very  strong,  and  in  manor  vnahle  to  be  beaten  douue.  The  siege  con- 
tinued sixe  monethes,  but  in  conclusion,  the  capitain  discomfited  of  al  rcleue  and  succor, 
rcndfix-d  the  fortresse.  the  life  of  hyin  and  his  souldiersonlysaucd.  Whiche  olfre  was  taken, 
&  the  castle  raised,  and  cast  doune  to  the  grounde.  During  this  siege,  sir  Thomas  Kiriell 
knight,  with  foure  hundred  Englishemen,  departed  from  Gourney  in  Normandy,  and  rode  by 
Bea.ioys  spoylyng,  robbyng,  and  wastyng  the  countrey,  to  the  suburbes  of  Cleremont. 
Wherof.  hcaryng  the  Erie  of  thesame  tonne,  assembled  all  the  men  of  warre,  of  the  garrisons 
adioynyng,  to  fight  with  thenglishmen  :  and  so  the  Frenchemen  with  all  diligence  set  forward,  & 
found  their  enemies  in  a  straight  place,  pere  vnto  Beauois.  The  erle  oi  Cleremount  seyng 
that  he  could  not  hurte  theim,  with  his  men  of  armes,  by  reason  of  the  straight,  cume  doune 
on  fote  with  all  his  company,  and  fiersly  set  on  the  Englishmen.  The  fight  was  fierse,  and 
the  aduamnage  doubtful.  But  in  conclusion,  the  archers  shot  so  terriblie,  that  the  French- 
men, notatile  to  abide  the  smart,  andgaulesof  thearrmves,  fled  apjce,  and  the, Englishmen 
leuyng  the  straight,  Icpedon  horsebacke,  and  folowed  the  chase.  In  the  whiche  wer  taken 
twuo  hundred  prisoners,  and  thriseas  many  slain.  The  Erie,  by  the  suiftnesseof  hishorsse, 
escaped  his  enemies,  and  came  to  the  toune  of  Beauoys :  and  so  s-ir  Thomas  Kiriell,  with 
plentie  of  spoyle  and  prisoners,  returned  to  Goruay,  renderyng  to  GOD  his  hartie  thankes, 
for  tnat  good  chaunce  and  happie  vittory. 

YET  Fortune  sent  not  this  good  lucke  alone,  for  therle  of  Suffolk  at  thesame  very  season, 

X  2  besiegyng 

156  THE.  IX.  YERE  OF 

besiegyng  the  toune  of  Aumarle,  wherof  was  capitain  the  lord  Rambures,  (after,  xxiiii.  great 
assautes  geuen  to  the  fortresse)  had  the  toune  and  castle  to  hym  symply  rendered.     Where- 
fore, he  caused,  xxx.  of  the  tounes  men,  for  their  untruthe,  to  be  hanged  on  the  walles,  and  all 
jthe  rest  he  raunsomed,  and  sent  the  capitain  into  Englande,  where  he  remained  sixe  yeres 
"continually,  £  after  by  excaunge  was  deliuered.     After  this,  the  erle  fortefied  the  toune,  with 
jnen,  municions  and  vitaile,  and  so  by  a  litle  and  litle,  the  Englishmen  recouered  again  many 
"tounes,    whiche  before  they  had  loste,  without  any  greate   losse  of  their  people.     Whiche 
thyng,  the  Frenchernen  well  consideryng  irnagened  by  what  means,  how  to  get  again   the 
toune  of  Laual,  whiche  y  lorcle  Talbot  (before  as  you  haue  heard)  gat,  by  scalyng  in  a  night. 
Wherfore,  to  possesse  their  desired  prey,  tluy  with  money,  and  gay  promises,  first  corrupted 
a  Miller,  that  kept  a  Mil  adioynyng  to  the  wall,  so  thafthe  Miller,  suffered  the  lorde  llo- 
met  with   thre  hundred  other,  to  passe,  through  bis  Mill  into  the  toune,    in  a  very  durke 
night.    When  they  wer  entered,  they  slewe  the  kepers  of  the  gate,  and  let  in  the  Lorde  Rer- 
trand  de  la  Ferrier,  with  fiue  hundred  men  of  armes:  whiche  either  slewe  or  toke  prisoners, 
all  thenglishemen  within  the  toune.     And  shortly  after,    Sir  Stephen  de  Vignoles  called  the- 
Heire,  toke  by  scaly ng,  the  toune  of  Lonuiers  in  Normridy,  and  did  muche  damage,  to  all 
the  tounes  adioynyng. 


The.;*.  WHile  these  chaunces  happened,  betwene  the  Englishmen  and  Frenchemen,  Phillip 
duke  of  Burgoyne,  maried  the  Lady  Isabel!,  daughter  to  Ihon,  kyng  of  Portyngall,  and 
greate  aunte  to  the  kyng  of  Englande.  In  honor  of  whiche  manage,  he  instituted  and 
began  an  ordre  of.  xxxvi.  knightes  without  reproche,  called  the  ordre  of  the  golden  flece, 
and  deuised  statutes,  mantels,  collers,  and  Ceremonies  for  thesame,  muche  like  to  the  or- 
dinaunces,  of  the  noble  ordre  of  the  Garter  begonne  in  Englande,  almoste  an  hundred 
yeres  before  the  inuencion,  of  this  fraternitie  and  frcdship.  On  the  which  wife,  he  begat, 
the  hardy  duke  Charles,  father  to  Marie,  after  maried  to  Maximilia.  kyng  of  the  Romans, 
as  (when  place  requireth)  shalbe  hereafter  to  you  declared. 

IN  this  very  season,  the  Englishemcn  in  the  colde  moneth  of  Decembre,  besieged  the 
toune  of  Laigny,  in  the  whiche  was  the  Puzel  and  diuerse  other  good  capitaines.  But  the 
weither  was  so  cold,  &  the  raine  so  greate  and  so  continual!,  that  they,  of  force  copelled, 
not  by  their  enemies,  but  by  intemperate  season,  reised  their  siege:  and  in  their  returne, 
the  Puzell  and  all  the  garrison  within  the  toune,  issued  out  and  fought  with  thenglishrnen, 
\\here,  (after  log  fightyng)  both  parties  departed  without  either  great  gain  or  losse.  After 
this  enterprise  done,  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  accompanied  with  the  erles  of  Arundell  and 
Suffolke,  and  the  lord  Ihon  of  Luxenbrough,  and  with  a  great  puissaunce,  besieged  the 
toune  of  Champeigne :  whiche  toune  was  well  walled,  manned,  and  vitailed,  so  that  the 
besiegers,  must  either  by  assaut  or  long  tariyng,  wery  or  famishe  them  within  the  toune. 
So  they  cast  trenches,  and  made  moynes,  "and  studied  al  the  waies  that  they  could  deuise, 
how  to  compasse  their  coquest  and  enterprise.  And  it  happened  in  the  night  of  the  Ass&n- 
cion  of  our  lorde,  that  Pothon  of  Xentraxles,  lone  the  Puzell,  and  fine  or  sixe  hundred 
men  of  armes,  issued  out  of  Chapeigne,  by  the  gate  of  the  bridge  towarde  Mowntdedier, 
intendyng  to  set  fire  in  the  tentes  and  lodgynges  of  the  lord  of  Baudo,  which  \vas  then  gone 
to  Marigny,  for  the  Duke  of  Burgoyns  affaires.  At  whiche  tyme,  sir  Ihon  of  Luxenbo- 
rough,  with  eight  other  gentlemen  (whiche  had  riden  ahoute  the  toune  to  serche  and  vieue, 
in  what  place  the  toune  might  be  most  aptly  and  conueniently  assauted  or  scaled)  were 
come  nere  to  the  lodges  of  the  lorde  of  Baudo,  where  they  espied  the  Frenchmen,  whiche 
began  to  cut  doune  tentes,  ouerthrowe  pauilions,  and  kil  men  in  their  beddes.  Wherefore, 
shortely  they  assembled  a  great  nombre  of  men,  as  well  Englishe  as  Burgonions,  and  co- 
vagiously  set  on  the  Frenchmen.  Sore  was-  the  fight  and  greate  was  the  slaughter,  in  so 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  157 

much  that  the  Frenchemen,  not  able  lenger  to  indure,  fled  into  the  toune  so  faste,  that 
one  letted  the  other  to  entre.  In  vvhiche  chace  was  taken,  lone  the  Puzell,  and  diuerse 
other  :  whiche  lone  was  sent  to  the  duke  of  Bedford  to  Roan,  wher,  (after  log  examinacio) 
she  was  brent  to  ashes.  This  wytch  or  manly  woman,  (called  the  maide  of  GOD)  the 
Frenchemeu  greatly  glorified  and  highly  extolled,  alledgyng  that  by  her  Orleauce  was  vi- 
tailed:  by  her,  kyng  Charles  was  sacred  at  Reynes,  and  that  by  her,  the  Englishmen  wer 
often  tymes  put  backe  and  ouerthrowen.  O  Lorde,  what  dispraise  is  this  to  the  nobilitie 
of  Fraunce:  What  blotteis  this  to  the  Frenche  nacion:  What  more  rebuke  can  be  imputed 
to  arenoumed  region,  then  to  affirme,  write  &  confesse,  that  all  notable  victories,  and  ho- 
norable conquestes,  which  neither  the  kyng  with  his  power,  nor  the  nobilitie  with  their  va- 
liauntnesse,  nor  the  counsaill  with  their  wit,  nor  the  comonaltie  with  their  strenght,  could 
compasse  or  obtain,  were  gotten  and  acbiued  by  a  shephcrdes  daughter,  a  chamberlein  in 
an  hostrie,  and  a  beggers  brat:  whiche  blindyng  the  wittes  of  the  French  nacion,  by  reue- 
lacions,  dreames  &  phantasticall  visions,  made  the  beleue  thynges  not  to  be  supposed,  and 
to  gfcue  faithe  to  thynges  impossible.  For  surely,  if  credite  may  be  geuen  to  the  actes  of_ 
the  Clergie,  openly  done,  and  comonly  shewed,  this  woman  was  not  inspired  with  the  holy 
ghost,  nor  sent  from  God,  (as  the  Frenchmen  beleue)  but  an  enchfileresse,  an  orgayne 
of  the  deuill,  sent  from  Sathan,  to  blind  the  people  and  bryng  them  in  vnbelife  :  as  by  this 
ktter,  sent  fro  the  kyng  of  England,  to  the  duke  of  Burgoyn,  to  you  euidently  shall 

"  MOSTE  dere  and  welbeloued  vncle,  the  feruentloue  and  great  affection,  whiche  you 
(like  a  very  catholique  prince)  beare  to  our  Mother  holy  Churche,  and  to  the  aduancement 
of  our  faithe,  doth  bothe  resonably  admonishe,  and  frendly  exhort  vs,  to  signifie  and  write 
vnto  you,  suche  thynges,  which,  to  the  honor  of  our  Mother  holy  Churche,  strengthen- 
yng  of  our  faith,  and  pluckyng  vp  by  the  rotes,  of  moste  pestilent  errors,  haue  been  so- 
lemply  done  within  our  citee  of  Roan.  It  is  commonly  renoumed,  and  in  euery  place 
published,  that  the  woman,  commonly  called  the  Puzell,  hath  by  the  space  of  twoo  yercs 
and  more,  contrary  to  Goddes  lawe,  and  the  estate  of  womanhed,  been  clothed  in  a  marines 
apparell,  a  thyng  in  the  sight  of  God  abhominable.  And  in  this  estate,  caried  ouer  and 
conueyed,  to  the  presence  of  our  chief  enemy  and  yours,  to  whom,  &  to  the  prelates, 
nobles,  &  commons  of  his  parte  she  declared  that  she  was  sent  from  God,  presumptuous- 
ly makyng  her  vaunt,  that  she  had  communicacion  personally,  and  visibly  with  sainct  Mi- 
chaell,  and  a  greate  multitude  of  Angels,  and  sainctes  of  heau^n,  as  sainct  Katheryn,  and 
sainct  Margarete :  by  the  whiche  falshode  and  subtilitie,  sue  made  diuerse  to  beleue,  and 
trust  in  her  faithe,  promisyng  to  them  great  and  notable  victories,  by  the  which  meane, 
she  did  turne  the  hartes  of  many  men  and  women,  from  the  truthe  and  veritie,  and  con- 
uerted  them  to  lies  and  errors.  Beside  this,  she  vsurped  a  cote  of  annts,  and  displaid  a 
standard,  whiche  thynges,  be  apperteinyng  only  to  knightes  and  esquiers:  and  of  a  greate 
outrage,  and  more  pride  and  presumpcio,  she  demaunded  to  beare  the  noble  and  excel- 
lent Armes  of  Fraunce,  whiche  she  in  part  obteined,  the  whiche  she  bare  in  many  skir- 
mishes and  assautes,  and  her  brethre  also  (as  men  report)  that  is  to  say:  the  feld  azure,  a 
swerd,  the  poynt  vpward  in  pale  siluer,  set  betwene  two  flower  deluces,  firmed  with  a 
croune  of  gold.  And  in  this  estate,  she  cam  into  the  feld,  &  guided  men  of  war,  and 
gathred  copanies,  &  assebled  hostes  to  exercise  vnnatural  cruelties,  in  sheding  of  christen 
bloud,  &  stirring  sedicions,  and  commocions  emongest  the  people,  inducing  them,  to  per- 
iurie,  rebellion,  supersticio  and  false  error,  in  disturbyng  of  peace  and  quietnes,  and  re- 
newyog  of  mortal  warre.  Beside  this,  causyng  herself  to  be  honored  and  worshipped  of 
many,  as  a  woman  sanctified,  and  dampnably  opcnyng,  diuerse  imagined  cases  long  to 
reherse,.  in  diuerse  places  well  knowen  and  apparantly  proued.  Wherby,  almoste  al  Chris- 
tendom is  slaundered.  But  the  diuine  pui-baunce,  hauyng  compassion  vpon  his  true  peo- 
ple, and  willyng  no  lenger  to  leaue  them  in  peiil,  nor  suffre  the  to  abyde  still  in  waics 
daungerous,  and  newe  cruelties,  hath  lightly  permitted,  of  his  greate  mercieand  clemency, 


158  THE.  IX.  YERE  OF 

tliesaied-puzell  to  be  taken  in  your  host  and  siege,  whiche  you  kept  for  ys  before  Cham- 
peigne,  and  byyouregood  mta;ie,  deliuered  into  o-ir  obeysaunce  and  dominion.     And  be- 
cause we  were  required,  by  the  bishoppe  of  tlie  Diocese,  where  she  was  take,  (because 
t>he  was  noted,  suspected,  and  defamed  to  be  a  traitor  to  almightie  God)  to  deliuer  to  hym 
as  to  her  ordinary  and  Ecclesiasticall  lodge:  We,  for  the  reuerence  of  oure   Mother  holy 
Churche,   (whose  ordinaunces  we  will  preferre,  as  oure  owne  dedes  and  willes,  as  reason 
it  is)  and  also  for  the  aduauncement  of  Christen  faithe,  baylcd  thesaied  lone  to  hym,  to 
the  intent  that  he  should  make  processe  against  her:  not  willyng  any  vengeaunce  or  punish- 
mete  to  be  shewed  to  her,  by  any  officers  of  our  secular  iustices,  which  they  might  haue  • 
lawfully  and  resonable  done,  cbnsideryng  the  greate  hurtes,  damages,  and  incbueniences, 
.the  horrible  murders,  and  detestable  cruelties,  &  other  innumerable  mischiefe-s  whiche  she 
hath  committed  in  our  territories,  against  our  people,  and  obedtet  subiectes.     '1  he  whiche 
bishop,  takyng.iri  company  to  hym,  the  Vicar  and  inquisitor  of  errors,  and  hcrisies,    and 
callyng  to  them,  a  great  and  notable  nombre  of  solempnc  doctors,   and  masters  in  diuinitie, 
and  lawe  Canon,  began  by  great  solempnitie,  and  granitic,  accordyngly,  to  procede  in  the 
cause  of  the   saied  lone.     And  after  that,  thesaid  bishop  and  inquisitor,  judges  in  this 
"*  cause,  had  at  diuers  daies  ministered,  certain  interrogatories  to  the  said  lone,  and  had 
caused  the  confessions  £  assercions  of  her,  truly  to  be  examined  by  thesaid  doctors  and 
masters,  and  in  conc!u.cio'generailv,   by  all  the  faculties  of  our  dere  and  weibeloued  daugti- 
ter  the  Vniuersity  of  Paris.     Against  whom,   (the  confessions  and  assercios,  maturely  and 
deliberatly  considered)  the  ludges,  Doctors,  &  all  other  the  parties  aforesaied,  adiudged 
thesame  lone,  a  supersticious  sorceresse,  and  a  diabolical  blasphemeresse  of  God,  and  of 
his  sainctes:  and  a   persone  scismatike  and  erronious,   in- the  lawe  of  lesu  Christe.     And 
for  to  reduce  and  bryng  her  again,  to  the  communion  and  company,   of  oure  Mother  holy 
Churche,  and  to  purge,  her  of  her  horrible,  and  pernicious  crimes  and  offences,  and  to 
saue  and  preserue  her  soule,  from  perpetual!  payne1  and  dampnacibn,  she  was  moste  cha- 
ritably and  fauorably  admonished  and  aduised,  to  put  away  and  abhor,  all  her  errors  and 
erromrus  doynges,  and  to  returne  humbly  to  the  right   way,  and  come  to  the  very  vcritie 
of  a  Christen  creature,  or  els  to  put  her  soule  and  body  in  great  perell  and  ieoperdie.     But 
all  tuis  notwithataudyng,   the  perelous  and  inflamed  spirit  ot   pride,   and  of  outragious  pre- 
sumpcio,  the   whiche  continually  tnlbrceth  hymself,   t:>  brekc-  and   d'ssolue   the  vnitye  of 
Christen  obedience,  so  clasped  in  his  clawes,  the  harte  of  this  woman  lone,   that  she,   nei- 
ther by  any  ghostly  exhortation,  holy  adinonicion,   or  any  oilier  wholsome  doctrine,   whiche 
might  to  her  bee  shewed,  would  molhfie   her   hard  harte,   or  bryng  her  to  hmiiilitie      But 
she  aduauncec!  and  auowed,  that  all  thynges  by  her  do:  e,   wer  well  done:  yea,  and  done  by 
the  commaundeiuentes  of  GOD,  and  the  sainctes  before  rehersed,  plainly  to  herapperyng: 
Kefcrryng  the. Judgement  of  her  cause,   o-.ely  to  God,   and  to  no  indge  o"r  counsaill,   of  the 
rjimche  militant.     Wherefore,  the   ludges  I-cclcsi  «st:call,  perceiuyng  her  hard  harte,  so 
long  to  continue,  caused  her  to  be  brought  !unh,  in  a  common  auditorie,   before  the  Cler- 
gie   and  people,   in  a  great   multitude,   there,  for  that   purpose  assembled.      In  which  pre- 
;.nce   wer  opened,   manifested,  &  declared,   solemnly,   openly,   and  truly,  by  a   master  in 
tie,  ot  notable  learnyng  and  vcrtuous  life   to  the  aduaunx-ement  of  the  catholike  faithe 
extirpyng  of  errors  and  false  opinions,  all  her  confessions  and  assercions,   charitably 
jomshyng,  and  persuadyng  her  to  returne,  to  the  vnion  and  feloship  ofChristcs  (  hurche 
and  to  correct  and  amend,   the  fames  and  offences,   in  the  whiche  she  was  so  obstinate  and 
le.     And  accordy  g  to  the  lane,   the  Indies  aioresaied,  beganne  to  procede  and  pro- 

InZ     !-id   ofcf  T  St ntenCe>  ^  ,that  CMe  °f  ^ht  «!'!)«>. eining.     Yet,  before  the 
uc  ,1  fuUj  declared  the  sentence,  she  began  somewhat  to  abate  her  corage,  and  saied 

ha   she  would    teconc,le  her  self,  to  our  Mother  the  holy  Churche,  bothe  gladly  and  wyl- 
jyngly.  Judges    and  other  Ecclesiasiicall  personcs.  genteiy  receiued  he?  offer,  hopynfl 

meane,  that  bothe  her  body  and  soule,  wer  gotte  again  out  of  eternal  losse  and  per" 
so,  .sue  .submitted  her  self,,  to  the  ordinaunce  of  the  holy  Churche,  and  with 

.  ^  her 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  159 

her  m'outhe,  openly  reuokedj  her  erroros  and  detestable  crimes:  and  thesame,  abiured 
Openly,  signyng  with  her  hande,  thesaiedabiuracion,  and  reuocacion.  Wherevpon,  oure  Mo- 
ther the  holy  Churche,  beeyng  pitit'ull  and  mercifull,  glad  and  reioysyng  of  a  synner,  that 
will  conuerte,  willyng  the  strayed  shepe  to  returne  again  to  his  folde  and  flocke,  coridepned 
thesaid  lone  onely  to  doo  open  penaunce.  But  the  fire  of  her  pride,  whiche  was  in  her 
harte,  sodainly  brast  out  into  hurtfull  flames,  blowen  out  by  the  belowes  of  enuie:  and  in- 
continent after,  she  tooke  again,  all  her  errors  and  false  opinions,  by  her  before,  adiured 
'!  and  reuoked,  for  whiche  causes,  accordyng  to  the  iudgementes  and  instituciona  of  holy 
church,  to  the  intent  that  she,  hereafter  should  not  defile,  any  other  membre  of  the  flocke, 
of  our  Lorde  Jesus  Christe:  was  again  exhorted,  and  preached  to  openly.  And  because 
she  still  was  obstinate,  in  her  trespaces  and  villanous  offences,  she  was  dcliuered  to  the 
secular  power,  the  which  codempncd  her  to  be  brent,  ami-  cosumed  her  in  the  fire.  And 
when  she  saw  that  the  fatall  daie  of  her  obstinacie  was  come,  she  opely  confessed,  that  the 
spirites,  whiche  to  her  often  did  appere,  were  euill  and  false,  and  apparant  Hers,  and  that 
their  promes,  which  they  had  made,  to  deliucr  her  out  of  captiuitie,  was  false  and  vntrue: 
affirmyng  her  self,  by  those  spirites  to  bee  often  beguiled,  bhnded,  and  mocked.  And  so 
oeyng  in  good  mynde,  she  was  by  the  Justices  caried  to  the  okle  market,  within  the  citee 
of  Roan,  and  there  by  the  fire,  consumed  to  asshes,  in  the  si^ht  of  all  the  people. 

TIMS  letter,  tbekyng  of  Englande,  sente  not  onely  to  the  Duke  of  Burgoyne,  and  other 
Princes,  to  declare  the  veritie  of  the  matter,  and  the  administracion  of  Justice,   but  to  ad- 
rnonishe  all  rude  and  ignorant  persones,  in  all  other  countries,  to  refraine,  from  the  credite 
and  belefe1  of  the  saiynges,  of  suche  prophane  prophesies,  and  craf'tie   imageners,  as  this 
peuishe  painted  Puzel  was.     Yet  notwithstandyng,    this  lawful  processe,    this  due  examina- 
cion  and  publike  sentence,  Iho  Buchet,  and  diuerse    Frenche  writers  aflirme   her  to  be  a 
saincte  in  heauen.     But  because,  it  is  no  poynt  of  our  faith,  no  man  is  bound  to  bekue  his 
Judgement,  although  he  were  an  Archedeken.     But  Paulus  Emilius,  a  famous  writer,  rehers- 
yng  that  the  citezens  of  Orleaunce,  had  buylded  in  the  honor  of  her,  an  Image  or  an  Idole, 
saith,   y  Pius  bishop  of  Rome,    and  Anthony  bishop  of  Florence,    muche  mertieiled    and 
greately  wondered  at  her  actes  and  doynges.     With  whiche  saiyng,  I  can  very  well  a^ree, 
that  she  was  more  to  be  marueiled  at,  as  a  false  prophetisse,  and  seducer  of  the    people i 
then  to  be  honored  or  worshipped  as  a  sainct  sent  from  God  into  the   realme  of  Fraunce. 
For  of  this  I  am  sure,  that  all  auncient  writers,  aswell  deuinc,  as  prophane,  alledge   these 
three  thynges,  beside  diuerse  other,  to  apparteine  to  a  good  woman.     First,  shamefastnesse,  Thre  Pr°- 
whiche  the  Romain  Ladies  so  kept,  that  seldome  or  neuer  thei  wer  seen  openly  talkyng  with  imperuymf 
a  man:  which  vertue,    at  this  day  emongest  theTurke?,  is  highly  esteemed.  The  seconde,  is  to a lood- 
pitie:  whiche  in  a  womans  harte,  abhorreth  the  spillyng  of  the  bloud  of  a  poore  beast,  or  a  ™ 
sely  birde.     The  third,  is  womanly  behauor,  aduoydyng  tlie  occasion  of  euill  judgement,  and 
cause*  of  slaundre.      If  these  qualities,   be  of  necessitie,  incident  to  a  good  woman,    where 
was  her  shamefastnes,  when  she  daily  and  nightly,  was  conueisant  with  comen  souldiors,  and. 
men  of  warre,  emongest  whom,  is  small  honcstie,  lesse  vertue,  and  shamefastnesse,   least  of 
all  exercised  or  vsed?     Where  was  her  womanly  pitie,  whe  she  taking  to  her,  the  harte  of  a 
c'ruell  beaste,  slewe,   man,   woman,  and  childe,  where  she  might   haue    the  vpper  hand? 
Where  was  her  womanly  behauor,  when  she  cladde  her  self  in  a  man  ties  clothyng,  and  was 
cou'ersant  with  euery  losell,  geuyng  occasion  to  all  men  to  Judge,  and  speake  euill  of,  her, 
and  her  doynges.     Then  these  thynges,  bcyng  thus  plainly  true,  all  men  must  nedes  confesse' 
that  the  cause  ceasyng,  the  effect  also  ceastth:  so  y,  if  these    morall  venues   lackyng,  she 
was  no' good  worm,  then  it  must  nedes,  consequently  folowe,  that  she  was  no  sainct. 
^  NOVV  leuyng  this  woman,   consumed  to  asshes,    lette  vs  returrle   agayne   to   the  siege  of 
Com;-eign.-,  whiche  still  continewed.      Duryng  whiche  tyme,  the  Regent  sente  to  the  Duke 
of  Burgoxne,  l:yng  at  the  siege  the  erle  of  Huntingdon,  i-ir   Ihon   Robsert.  with  a  thou- 
sande    Archers,     whiche  daily    skirmished,    with    theiiri    of  the  toune,    and    made   guche 
Bastiles  and  fortresses,  that' the  toune  must  nedes' 'be  rendered,  or  els  they  within,  fa- 

]60  THE.  X.  YERE  OF 

wished.  But  se  the  chaunce,  when  victory  was  at  had  Tidynges  wer  brought  to  the 
duke  of  Bur«ovn,  that  Phillip  duke  of  Brabantc,  was  departed  out  of  this  worlde,  leuyng 
behvnde  hvm,  no  heire  of  his'bodie:  To  whom  thesaieci  duke  pretended  to  be  next  heire. 
•Wlierforc,"  he  takyng  with  hym,  his  best  capitaines,  for  the  recouery  of  so  greate  a  duchy, 
departed  from  the  siege,  leuyng  his  poore  people  behynd  hym,  and  ordemed  in  his  place, 
for  his  leuetcnaunt,  sir  Ihon'Luxen  borough,  whiche  beyng  of  small  strength  and  lesse  co- 
rage,  after  the  dukes  departyng,  aduised  the  Englishmen,  to  depan  for  that  tyme,  tyll  the 
nextsotnmer:  whiche  therto  at  the  first,  would  in  nowise  agree.  But  there  was  no  remedy. 
for  he  was  capitain  general!,  and  had  the  ordynaunce  vnder  his  rule,  so  that  without  that, 
thei  could  nothyngdoo:  Wherfore  in  greate  displeasure,  they  returned  into  Noirnandy, 
After  whose  departure,  the  captain  set  fire  in  all  the  hastiles,  and  secretly  departed,  leyng 
behynde  him,  diuerse  peces  of  ordynaunce,  for  lacke  of  cariage.  With  which  returne,  the 
dukes  of  Bedford  and.  Burgoyn,  wer  sore  displeased  :  for  if  he  had  continued  his  siege,  eight 
daies  lenger,  the  toune  had  been  rendered,  without  dent  of  swerd.  For  pestilence  and  fa- 
royne,  had  almoste  consumed  all  the  souldiors,  and  left  the  toune,  with  out  safeguard  or 

AFTER  this  siege  broken  vp,  Ihon  duke  of  NorfFolke,  toke  again  the  tounes  of  Dap- 
martyn,  and  the  Chasse  Mongay,  and  diuerse  other  tounes.  And  therle  of  Stafford,  toke 
the  toune  of  Brie,  in  Countie  Robert,  and  from  thence,  foraged  al  the  countrey  to  Sens, 
and  after  toke  Quesnoy  in  Brie,  Grand  Puys,  and  Rarnpellon,  with  many  prisoners  as  sir 
laques  de  Milly,  and  sir  Ihon  de  la  Hay.  Duryng  whiche  tyme  the  Frenchmen  toke  Louiers, 
&  Villuense.  And  then  the  toune  of  Melune  rebelled,  and  had  suche  ayd<>,  of  other  tounes 
adioynyng,  that  the  Englishe  souldiors,  wer  fayne  to  leaue  Melune,  Morret  and  Corbell. 
Thus  accordyng  to  the  chaunce  of  war,  the  one  part  gat,  and  the  other  lost.  Thus  the  En- 
glishe affaires  (as  yon  haue  hard)  within  the  realme  began  to  wauer,  and  waxe  variable, 
whiche  caused  the  Englishe  capitaines,  to  be  of  diuerse  opinions.  For  one  part,  beyng  sory 
and  pensiue,  adiudged  the  thynges  present,  light  and  of  no  moment,  in  comparison  of  them 
whiche  they  sa\ve  likely  to  folowe:  and  another  sort,  adiudged  that  present  time,  to  be  moste 
ieoperdus,  and  moste  repleted  with  perils:  Because  they  sawe,  the  power  of  their  enemies, 
now  increa*.«d,  and  their  owne  stregth  rather  dccaied,  then  coserued.  And  so  euery  man 
studiyng  on  'fliis  businesse,  aduised  secretly  with  hymself,  what  counsaill  was  best  to  be  taken, 
and  what  waie  was  best  to  be  folowed,  to  remedy  these  thynges,  thus  waueryng,  in  a  doubtful 
balance.  And  then  it  was  concluded,  that  it  was  moste  apteand  mete,  for  tl>e  tyme  presente, 
that  kyng  Henry  in  his  royall  person,  with  a  newe  army,  should  come  doune  into  Fran  nee, 
partly  to  comfort  and  visite  his  awne  subiectes  thcr:  partly,  either  by  feare  or  fauor,  (be- 
cause a  childe,  of  his  age  and  heautie,  dooth  commonly  allure  to  hym,  the  hartes  of  elder 
persones,)  to  cause  the  Frenchetnen  to  continue,  in  their  due  obeysaunce  towarde  hym.  Wher- 
fore, after  a  great  hoste,  conuenient  for  that  purpose,  assembled,  and  money  for  the  mainte- 
nance of  thewarre,  redy  gathered,  and  the  realme  sette  in  an  ordre,  and  the  Duke  of  Glou- 
cester, appoynted  gouernor  (winch  duryng  the  kynges  absence,  appeased  diuerse  riottes,  and 
punished  many  offenders,)  the  kyng  with  a  great  power,  tooke  shipping  at  Douer,  and 
landed  at  Calice,  and  there  taried  a  good  space;  and  from  thence  he  remoucd  to  Roan, 
where,  with  al  triumphe,  he  was  receiued,  and  there  soiorned,  till  the  rniddest  of  August, 
his  nobles  daily  consultyng,  on  their  greate  busines,  and  waightie  affaires. 


>  nce 

i'enice,  to  the  intent  to  make  his  entrie,  into  the  citee  of  Paris,  and  there  to  be  sacred  kyn* 
'ruror          l°  receiue«  the  scePtre  andCroune  of  the  realme  and  countrey 


1  HLKL  were  in  his  company,  of  his  owne  nacio,  his  vncle  the-  Cardinall  of  Winchester,  the 

Cardinal]  and  Archebishoppe  of  Yorke,  the  dukes  of  Bedforde,  Yorke,  and  Norffolke,  the 

1  - 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  161 

Erles  of  Warwicke,  Salisbury,  Oxford,   Huntyngdon,  Ormond,  Mortayn,  Suffolke,  and  of Thccorona- 

s~<  i        *-i    i          f  T  -i  i  -m  «•         >          T       •  i  11 *-  /•  -ri       i         i     f,  cionofkvne 

Gascoynes,  the  Lne  of  Long'iilc,  and  Marche,  beside  many  noble  men  of  England,  Guyan,  Henry  the 
and  Normandy.  And  the  chief  of  the  Frenche  nacion,  wer- the  dukes  of  Burgoyn,  and lvUn  l>arij- 
Lewes  of  Luxenbrough  Cardinal!  and  Chauncellor  of  Fraunce  for  kyng  Henry,  the  bishops 
ofBeauoysand  Neyon,  bothe  peres  of  France,  beside  the  bishOpp  of  Paris,  and  diuerse 
other  bishoppes,  therle  of  Vaudeniont,  &  other  noble  men  whose  names  were  very  tedious 
to  you  to  here  rehersed.  And  he  had  in  a  gard,  aboute  his  person,  thre  thousand  strong  ar- 
chers, some  on  horsebacke,  and  parte  on  fote.  And  as  he  was  commyng,  betwene  sainct 
Denice  and  Paris,  he  was  met  at  the  Ciiapell,  in  the  meane  waie,  by  Sir  Simon  Moruer 
prouost  of  Paris,  with  agreate  company,  all  clothed  in  redde  Satin,  with  blewe  whoddes, 
vvhiche  did  to  hym,  due  reuerence  and  lowe  obeysaunce.  After  whom,  came  diuerse -riche 
and  notable  burgesses,  of  the  toune  of  Paris,  all  appareled  in  Crimosyne  clothe.  -Alter 
they  haddoen  their  reuerence,  there  approched  to  the  kyng,  the.  ix.  worthiesjsittyng  richely 
on  horsebacke,  armed  with  the  armes  to  them  apperteinyng.  Next  after  them,  came  the  knight 
of  the  watch,  for  the  prouost  Marchauntes,  and  with  him  all  the  officers  of  the  court,  ap- 
pareled iu  blewe,  and  hattes  redde.  And  in  a  long  space  after,  came  Master  Phillip  de 
Noruillier,  chief  president  of  the  Parliament,  appareled  in  a.  robe  of  estate :  and  all  the 
other  presidentes  of  the  parliament,  clothed  in  robes  of  scarlet,  and  in  like  robes  fulowed. the  ^ 

Lordes  of  the  Chamber  of  accornptes,  and  of  the  finaunce,  the  Masters  of  the  Requestes, 
the  secretaries,  and  Regesters,  and  eucry  copany,  as  their  course  came,  saluted  the  kyng,  with 
eloquent  oracions,  and  heroicall  verses,  and  so  conueyed  hym  to  the  gate  of  saincte  Denice, 
where  the  prouoste,  of  the  Marchauntes,  and  the  Shrefes  of  the  toune,  receiued  hym  with  a 
Canapie  of  blewe  veluet,  richely  embraudred,  withflower  of  delices  gold,  and  barethesame  ouer 
hym,  through  the  toune,  whiche  on  euery  side,  was  hanged  with  jiche  clothes  of  Arras  and 
Tapistrie.  And  at  euery  porte  and  bridge  where  .he  passed  was  set  a  pageaunt,  of  greate 
shewe  and  small  coste,  whiche,  because  they  wer  but  trifles,  I  ouer  passe,  and  spekc  but  of 
one  deuise,  made  before  the  gate  of  the  Chastelet,  wherevppn  a  stage  stode,  a  goodly  childe 
clothed  with  habite  royall,  set  full  of  flower  delices,  hauyng  two  Crounes  on  his  hed,  repre- 
sentyng  the  yong  kyng,  and  on  his  right  hande,  stode  twoo  noble  personages,  in  the  arrne&of 
Burgoyne  and  Flaunders:  and  on  thelefte  side  of  hym,  stoode  three  personages,  clothcd:in 
the  armes,  of  Bedforde,  Salisbury,  and  Warwicke,  whiche  to  hym  delinered,  the  swerde  of 
Englande.  This  pagiaunt  was  well  regarded,  and  highly  praised.  From  thence  he  departed 
to  the  palace,  and  offered  in  the  Ciiapell,  and  from  thence  he  departed,  to  the  hous  of  Tour- 
nelles,  and  there  toke  his  repast.  And  after  dinner  Isabel,  late  wife  to  kyng  Charles,  his 
grandfather,  long  before  disceased.  And  the  next  daie  he  was  conueighed,  to  Boys  de 
Vyncennes,  where,  he  reposed  hymself,till  th«.  xv.  day  of  Decebre :  on  which  daie,  he  returned 
to  the  palaice  of  Paris.  And  on  the.  xvij.  of  thesaied  moneth,  he  departed  from  the  place,  in 
greate  triumphe,  honorably  accompanied,  to  our  Lady  church  of  Paris:  where  with  al  so- 
lempnitie,  he  was  anoynted  and  crouned  kyng  of  Fraunce,  by  the  Cardinal  of  Winchester: 
(the  bishop  of  Paris,  not  beyng  content,  that  the  Cardinal  should  do  suche  a  high  Ceremony, 
in  his  Churche  and  iurisdiccion.)  At  the  offeryng,  he  offred  breade  and  wine,  as  the  cus- 
tome  of  France  is.  When  the  deuine  seruise  was  finished,  and  all  Ceremonies  due,  to  that 
high  estate  were  accoplished,  the  kyng  departed  toward  the  palaice,  hauyng  one  croune  on 
his  hed,  and  another  borne  before  hym,  and  one  scepter  in  his  hand,  &  the  second  borne  be- 
fore hym.  What  should  I  speake,  of  the  honorable  seruice,  the  daintie  dishes,  the  pleasant 
conceiptes,  the  costly  wines,  the  swete  Armony,  the  Musical  instrumentes,  vvhiche  wer  :sene 
and  shewed  at  that  feast,  sith  all  men  maie  coniecture,  that  nothyng  was  omitted,  that 
might  be  bought  for  golde,  nor  nothyng  was  forgotten,  that  by  mannes  witte  could  .be 
inuented.  Yet  this  high  and  ioyous  feast,  was  not  without  a  spotte  of  displeasure,  for;tVte 
Cardinal!  of  Wynchester,  whiche  at  this  tyme,  would  haue  no  man  to  hym  egall,  com- 
maunded  the  duke  of  Bedforde,  to  leue  of  the  name  of  Regent,  duryng  the  tyme  that  the 
kyng  was  in  Fraunce:  affirmyng  the  chief  ruler  beyng  in  prcEceej  the  authorise  of  the  sub- 

Y  stiiute, 

162  THE.  X.  YERE  OF 

stitute,  was  clerelj"dferogate :  accordyng  to  the  comon  saiyng,  in  the  presence  of  the  high 
power,  the  smal  authoritie  geueth  place.  The  duke  of  Bedford,  toke  suche  a  secret  dis- 
pleasure with  this  dooyng,  that  he  neuer  after  fauored  the  Cardmall,  but  repugned  and  dis- 
dained at  al  thynges  that  he  did  or  deuised.  And  so  because  the  Cardinal!  would  haue  no 
temporall  Lorde,  either  to  hym  superior,  or  with  hym  egall,  he  set  furth  this  proude  and 
arrogant  conclusion,  thorowe  whiche  vnhappie  deuision,  the  glory  of  thenghshemen  within 
the  realme  of  Fraunce,  began  first  to  decaye,  and  vade  awaie  in  Fraunce. 

THE  next  daie  after  this  solernpne  feast,  wer  kept  triumphant  lustes  and  Turneis,  in  the 
whiche,  Erie  of  Arundell,  and  the  Bastard  of  Sent  Polle  by  the  Judgement  of  the  Ladies, 
wan  the  price  and  gat  the  honor.  When  he  had  kepte  open  hous  to  all  comers,  by  the  space 
of.  xx.  daies,  because  the  ayre  of  Paris,  was  somwhat  contrariaunt  to  his  pure  complexion, 
he  was  aduised  by  his  counsaill,  to  returne  to  Roan.  But  before  his  departure,  he  caused 
al  the  nobilitie,  the  presidelz  of  the  parliament,  the  prouostes  of  the  citee  and  of  the  Mar- 
ctiauntes,  and  the  chief  burgesses  of  the  toune  and  citee,  and  al  the  doctors  of  the  vni- 
uersitie,  to  be  assembled  iu  his  presence :  to  whom  the  duke  of  Bedford  said  in  this 

IT  is  not  vnknowen  to  you  all  my  lordes,  aswell  spirituall  as  temporall,  how  this  noble  re- 
gion and  famous  countrey,  of  antiquitie  called  Gaule,  and  now   Fraunce,  sith  the  tyrae  of 
Charles  surnamed  the  Greate,  beyng  bothe  Emperor  of  Rome,  and  kyng  of  this  realme,  hath 
bee»  accompted,  reputed,  and  renoumed,  the  moste  christen  region,  and  famous  seigniory, 
within  the  circle  of  al  christendo,  yea,  and  within  the  whole  part  of  Europe,  and  not  vn- 
deseruyngly,  for.  iij.  causes.     First,  for  your  sincere  faithe  and  obedient  loue,  toward  your 
sauidr  and  redemer  lesu  Christ.   The  second,  for  obseruyngyour  fidelitie  &  due  obeysauce, 
to  your  kynge*  and  soueraigne  Lordes.     Thirdly,  for  kepyng  and  performing  your  promises 
and  agrementes>  aswell  by  woorde  as  by  wrytyng:  from  the  whiche  no  Pagane,  nor  honest 
Christian  will  or  should  disagree.     This  famous  renoume  and  immaculate  honor,  so  long 
coivtiaewyng  without  reproche  or  blotte:  I  thinke,  yea,  and  doubt  not,  but  you  will  to  the 
death,  kepe,  defend,  and  obserue,  as  your  noble  parentes  and  auncient  progenitors,  before 
you  (to  their  ineffable  praise)  haue  vsed  and  accustomed.  Wherfore,  sith  it  is  not  vnknowen 
to  all  you,  that  the  noble  and  vertuous  prince,  kyng  Henry  the  fifth,  my  moste  derest  and 
welbeloued  brother,  was  the  very  true  inheritor,  and  the  vndoubtfull  successor  to  the  croune 
of  this  realme  of  Fraiice,  as  cosin  and  heire  to  Lady  Isahell,  daughter  and  sole  inheritrice,  to 
kyng  Phillippe  the  Faire.    For  the  recouery  of  whiche  right  and  title,    what  pain  he  tooke, 
and  what  charge  he  was  at,  1  well  knowe,  and  some  of  you  haue  felte,  as  a  greate  scourge 
to  your  nacion,  onely  prouided  by  God,  to  afflicte  and  punishe  them:  whiche  will  withhold 
&  vsurpe,  other  mennes  rightes,  possessions,  and  inheritaunce.     But  God  oure  sauior  and 
redemer,  (whiche  wil  not  suffre  his  people,  intendyng  to  conuert,  to  be  dampned  for  euer, 
but  gently  calleth  them  to  mercy  and  saluacion)  of  his  greate  good  nes  &  gentlenes,  willed  the 
holy  ghost  to  shed  and  poure  into  the  hart  of  the  noble  prince,  kyng  Charles,  your  late  wel- 
beloued and  most  drad  souereigne  lord,  the  knowledge  of  the  lawfull  line,  and  of  the  true 
pathe  of  the  inheritaunce,  of  the  croune  &  scepter  of  this  realme.     Which  vertuous  man, 
hauyng  neither  an  harte  hardened  in  his  awne  opinion,  nor  a  mynd  ambicious  of  Empire 
(as  many  tyrauntes,  and  couetouse  princes,  before  this  daie  haue  had,  vsed,  and  accustomed) 
for  aduoydyng  farther  effusion  of  christen  bloud,  and  for  the  saluacion  of  his  soule,  without 
battaill,  or  stroke  of  weapon,  was  content  (vpon  an  honorable  coposicion)  to  restore  the 
awful  mheritauee  to  the  true  heire  and  to  rendre  his  title  to  the  right  lignage,  &  vndoubted - 
Jyne.       v  hiche  treatie  and  finall  composicion,  was  nether  wantonly  ouerlooked,  nor  vn- 
&18teheynZSene;     *°r  al  <hf.  «ob'«  P«es,  of  this  realme,  bothe  spiritual    &  tempoWll,  yea, 
Most  part  of  thenobihtie,  (except  a  certain  wilde  and  wilfull  persones)  with  the  whole 
'hie    (in  who  the  very  base  and  burden  of  the  realme  doth  consist)  not  onely  by 
by  auncient  writyng  signed  with  their  handes,  and  strengthened  wkh  the  scales- 
mes,  here  redy  to  be  shewed,  baue  frankly  and  frely  with  out  scruple  or  contra- 



diction,  agreed,  and  affirmed  thesame.     By  whiche  composicion,  (as  the  mirror  and  plain 
shewe  and  token  of  kyng  Henries  right)  he  was  by  the  three  estates,  assigned,  and  allowed, 
as  heire  apparant  to  thesaid  kyng  Charles,  lately  deceassed.     But  cruell  death   seperatyng 
his  body  from  his  soule,  long  before  the  expectacion  of  his  people,    suffered  him  not  to 
possede  and  enioye  the  title  and  regalitie  of  this  his  due  inheritaunce,  and  succession  royall. 
Yet,  God  willyng  not  the  stocke,  of  so  noble,  so  famous,  and  so  vertuous  a  prince,  to  re- 
mayne  bareyn  without  buclde  or  flower,  hath  sent  to  hym,  and  fro  hym  to  you  a  florishing 
child,  a  goodly  prince  of  bothe  the  noble  houses,  of  England  &  Fraunce  indifferently  dis- 
cended:  as  who  would  saie,  that  by  nature,  he  is  neither  perfect  Englishe,  nor  perfect 
Frenche,  but  a  man  indifferent,  called  an  Englishe  Frencheman,  and  a  Frencha  Englishman. 
Whiche  noble  prince,  and  your  soueraigne  Lorde,  you  may  with  glad  hartes,  and   louyng 
countenaunces,  se,  heare,  and  behold.     And  as  for  his  honorable  behauor,  &  princely  ma- 
iestie:  fewe  princes  of  full  &  ripe  age,  be  to  hym  comparable,  or  equipollent.     As  for  his 
beautie  and  other  giftes  of  nature,  scace  Absalon  can  He  to  hym  assembled.    But  hauyng  res- 
pect to  the  vertuous  disposition  the  Godly  mynd,  and  sincere  conscience,  of  so  noble  a  child 
and  princely  infant,  I  surely  thinke,  and  perfectly  beleue,  that  he  is  aboue  all  other,  the  bla- 
syng  Starre,  and  the  vnmatched  Paragon.     This  precious  stone  and  noble  luell,  is  not  onely 
come  out  of  his  naturall  conntrey,  and  norishyng  Region,  to  receiue  the  Croune  and  pos- 
session, of  this  his  realme  and  dominion,  but  also,    (fike  a  good  shepherde)   to  vieue,  se, 
and  knowe  you,  as  his  welbelor.ed  flocke,  and  moste  desired  subiectes:  and  you  likewise,. (as 
louyng  and  obediet  vassals)  to  behold,  and  knowe  your  soueraigne  lord  and   prince,  to  the 
intent,  that  as  you,  aboue  all  other  nacions,  aswel  christen  as  Ethenicke,  haue  serued,  loued, 
and  obeyed,  your  rulers  and  Kynges,  before  these  daies:  so  he  now  doubteth  not  but  to  find 
you  as  louyng  to  hym,  as  the  Turtle  to  her  make,  as  sure  to  hym  as  the  Adamant  to  the  stele, 
and  as  permanent  in  his  obedience,  as  the  hard  mountayne  of  Olympe,  which,  neither  craft 
nor  engyne  can  either  consume,  or  remoue.     And  all  mistrust  of  your  ingratitude,  is  clerely 
banished  from  his  harte :  consideryng,  that  he  knoweth,  that  you  daily  heare  it  preched,  that 
you  should  feare  God,  and  honor  your  kyng,  and  that  he,  which  is  in  stubburnesse  and  ob- 
stinacie  toward  his  prince,  is  disobedient  towarde  God.     For  the  Prince  in  yearth,  is  the  \ 
Vicar  of  GOD,  and  hedde  and  shepherde  of  Christes  flocke:  to  who  bothe  spiritual!  persones  \ 
and  temporal,  be  subiectes,  and  inferiors  in  al  causes  of  rule  &  gouernaunce.     And  although  ^ 
some  persones  within  this  realme,  seduced  more  by  phantastical  error,  then  obstinate  arro- 
gancy,  haue  take  part,  and  entered  into  amitie  with  Charles  de  Valoys,  vntruly  callyng  him- 
self the  French  kyng:  yet  the  verie  true  and  vndoubtful  prince,  and  our  souereigne  Lorde, 
here  bcyng  present,  is  resolned  and  content,  to  remit  and  pardon  their  offences  and  crimes, 
so  that  they  within  twelfe  daies,  returne  to  the  true  folde,  and  forsake  the  infected  flocke,  and 
sedious  company.     Wherefore,  his  request  is  at  this  tyme,  that  you,  for  the  fidelitie,  whiche 
you  haue  euer  borne  to  hym,  and  for  the  loue,  that  he  hath,  and  styll  intendeth  to  beare  to 
you,  will  vouchesafe  hereafter  without  letlyng  of  tyuie  diligetly  study  and  busely  take  pain, 
bothe  to  kepe  his  louyng  subiectes  in  good  oidre,  and  due  obeysaunce  towarde  hym,  and 
also  tose  theim  liue  in  mutuall  amitie  and  brwtherly  concord,  betwene  theim  selfes:  not  for- 
gettyng,  that  the  olde  proueibe,  whiche  saieth:  inward  discord,  bryngeth  realmes  to  ruyne. 
Which  honorable  requestes,  if  you  accoplishe  and  performe,  (as  of  your  very  bounden  duety, 
you  bel)ound  in  deede)  you  shall  deserue  so  umche  fauor,  of  your  kyng  and   soueraigne 
Lorde,  that  to  all  your  honest  requestes,  his  eares  shalbe  open,  &  to  al  your  reasonable  de- 
sires, his  mouth  shall  not  be  stopped.  And  thus  he  wisshethyou,  health  in  bodies,  increace 
in  your  substau nee,  and  to  your  soules,  ioye  and  felicitie  without  ende  perpetually. 

WHEN  the  duke  had  finished  and  ended  this  his  oracion,  the  people  beyng  glad  and  re- 
ioysyng  at  his  saiynges,  cried:  Hue  kyng  Henry,  liue  Kyng  Henry.  After  which  crie  passed, 
the  noble  men,  aswell  of  Fraunce  and  Normandy,  did  to  hym  homage,  find  the  common 
people,  sware  to  hym  feaultie:  to  whom,  (although  he  were  a  child)  he  gaue  botb  ple^saunt 

Y  2  and 


ami  faire  wordes,  withjiartie  thankes,  and  many  gratificacions,  to  the  great  admiracion  of 
the  Frenche  people. 

AFTER  he  had  feasted,  the  nobles  and  commons  of  Fraunce  within  the  citee  of  Paris,  he 
with  a  great  company,  departed  from  thence,  and  by  small  iorneis  came  to  Roan,  where 
he  celebrated  with  great  solempnitie,  the  high  feast  of  Christmas.  While  these  -noble  Cere- 
monies wer  thus  in  doyng,  in  the  citee  of  Paris,  sondery  chauces,  diuersely  hapned  in  se- 
ueral  places,  to  the  displeasure  of  the  one  part,  and  to  the  gain  of  the  other.  For  sir  Frances 
Surrien  Arragnoys,  a  noble  capitain  in  Normandy,  toke  by  force  and  pollicie,  the  touneof 
MoMntarges,  with  a  greate  prey  of  treasure  and  prisoners,  and  therein  he  put  a  garrison* 
and  vitailed  the  toune,  to  the  greate  displeasure  of  the  Frenche  Kyng.  Aboute  thesame 
season,  the  Erie  of  Arundell,  beyng  truly  informed,  that  the  lorde  Bousac,  Marshall  of 
Fraunce,  was  come  to  Beauoys,  intending  to  do  some  feate  in  Normady,  assembled  the 
noinbre  of  thre  and  twentie  hundred  men,  and  laied  hymself  priuelie,  in  a  close  place,  nor 
farre  from  thesaied  toune,  and  scni  a  ^reat  nombre  of  light  horssemen,  to  ronne  to  the  bar- 
riers of  the  citee.  The  Frenchmen  like  valiaiit  men  of  warre,  issued  out,  and  manfully 
fought  with  the  Englishemen:  whichesodainly  fled,  towarde  the  stale.  The  Frenchmen,  co- 
ragiously  folowed  thinkyng  the  game  gotten  on  their  side:  but  when  they  wer  entered  into  the 
straight,  therle  set  freshly  on  them,  so  that  after  long  fightyng,  there  wer  slain  and  taken,  iu 
maner  al  the  Frenchmen,  saue  a  few,  whiche  fled  into  the  toune,  with  the  Marshall.  Emo^est 
the  capitaines  was  found  prisoner,  the  ,vali'iunt  capitain,  called  Poynton  of  Sanctrayles, 
(which  without  delay,)  was  exchaunged  for  die  lorde  Talbot,  before  taken  prisoner,  at  the 
battaill  of  Patay.  There  was  also  taken  one,  called  the  shepherd,  a  simple  ma,  and  a  scly 
soule,  whom,  the  Frenchmen  reputed,  to  be  of  suche  a  holinesse,  that  if  he  touched  the 
walle  of  a  toune  of  their  enemies,  that  incontinent,  it  would  fall  to  the  grounde,  and 
ouerturne.  Suche  false  phantastical  fainers,  were  at  that  tyme  much  regarded,  and  no  lesse 
beleued  in  Fraunce. 

THISchauncesucceded  not,  fortunatly  alone:  for  Richard  Beauchampe  Erie  of  War- 
wicke  had  agreate  skirmishe,  before  the  toune  of  Gourney,  where  he  discotited  and  repulsed 
his  enemies,  and  beside  thecarions,  whiche  wer  leftdedde  on  the  ground,  he  tooke  prisoners 
thre  score  horssemen,  all  gentlemen  of  name  and  arrnes.  Like  chaunce  of  infortune  hap- 
pened at  thesame  tyme,  to  Renate  or  Reyne  duke  of  Barr,  a  greate  frend  to  Charles  the 
French  kyqg,  bothe  in  lendyng  hym  money,  and  also  in  ministeryng  to  hyru  aide  and  succors.~ 
This  duke  bearyng  displeasure,  to  Anthony  Erie  of  Vaudemont,  his  cosyn  and  kynsman] 
gathered  together  a  greate  armie,  and  besieged  the  toune  of  Vaudemont.  Therle,  before 
the  dukes  approchyno,  to  thentent  y  he  would  not  be  enclosed  and  compassed  about  by  his 
enemies  within  a  wall,  leauyng  behynde  hym  a  conuenient  crue  of  men  of  warre,  to  defende 

.it,  ouutuy  gumm  uyin,  nauyng in  ins  company  sixe  hundred  Ar- 
chers, and  the  duke  of  Burgoyne  sent  to  hym,  his  Marshall,  called  sir  Anthony  Douloneon 
with.  xv.  hundred  men.     The  erle  of  Vaudemont  thus  beyng  accompanied,  marched  toward 
Duke  Reme,  hearyng  of  his  commyng  towarde  hym,  was  somewhat  dismayed 
iearyng,  least  if  hisenemiesshould  approehe  to  the  walles,  and  be  espied  by  the  garrison  within 
lie  toune,.  'hat,  at  one  tyme  he  should  be  assailed  before,  by  them  that  would  issue  out  of 
oune,  and  I  clund  by  therle  and  his  armie.  Wherfore,  like  a  hardy  capitain,  he  brake  vp 
d     ^6>  I  !,   met 'ace '° 'ace>  w'tn  therle  and  his  company  i  betwene  whom,  was  a  cruel!" 
s »  MluS VhP  \%  horsemen  indured  long,  but  in  conclusion,  the  Englishe  Archers, 

elfedt  fit  har    ?  W°Unded ,the  mei1'  that  the  Bwroysand  theil>  ^endes,  wer  co- 

rn .whiche chace  was  taken,  thesaied  duke  of  Barr,  the  bishop  of  Myes    the 

T^       i «        '  ••  ~   — — *  * "™ ^ **j     v  i  »•»***  t-*iij^/«    HO  16536  UL. v_.(is tun 

Englishmen,  beyng  in'another  parte,  if  when  the  pigge  had  been 


KYNG  HENRY  THE;  VI.  185 

profered,  thei  had  opened  the  poke:  for  Robert,  Lorde  Willoughby,  and  Mathew  Gotigh 
a  valiaunt  Welsheman,  with.  xv.  hundred  Englishemen  laied  siege  to  a  toune  in  Aniow,  beyng 
bothe  by  situacion,  and  pollicie,  verie  strong  and  defensible,  called  sainct  Seueryne.  The 
Englishmen  assailed  it  not  so  couragionsly,  but  they  within,  with  egall  audacitie,  boldely  made 
defence:  so  that  fortune  semed,  to  waie  bothe  the  parties  in  egall  balance.  Charles  the 
French  kyng,  beyng  thereof  aduertised,  sent  with  all  spede,  the  lorde  Ambrose  de  Lore,  with 
many  noble  and  valiaut  personages,  to  aide  and  releue  his  frendes,  inclosed  in  the  toune  by 
his  enemies.  This  lorde  de  Lore,  beyng  capitain  of  the  toune,  made  muche  haste  to  comfort 
his  deputie  and  capitain  within  thesame,  and  so  marched  forward  with  greale  spied:  but  fear- 
yng  to  besodainly  compassed  aboute  he  taried  still  at  Beaumont,  lokyng  for  the  armie  and 
capitaines,  that  should  folow,  and  then  altogether  to  set  on  their  enemies,  and  so  to  reyse 
the  siege.  Whiles  he  there  made  his  abode,  and  toke  his  leysure,  the  Englishmen,  by  their 
espialles,  were  assertened  and  aduertised,  what  progresse  their  enemies  made,  and  what  they 
intended.  Wherfore,  they  pollitiquely  prouided,  to  fight  with  the  one  parte,  before  the 
whole  puyssaunce  wer  ioyned.  And  so  a  greate  parte  of  them,  departed  secretly  in  the  night, 
toward  their  enemies,  and  found  the  watch  so  out  of  ordre,  and  ouersene,  that  a  thousande 
men  wer  entered  into  the  camp  before  thei  were  espied.  But  the  slaiyng  of  men.  and  cuttyng 
doune  of  tentes,  awaked  the  capitaines,  whom  this  sodaine  feare,  and  vnlooked  chaunce  so 
greately  abashed,  that  no  man  in  tnaner,  either  could  heare  his  felow  or  hymself,  or  could 
make  signe  to  expulse  and  driue  out  their  enemies  out  of  their  campe.  But  when  the  day  be- 
ganne  to  appere,  and  the  son«e  had  setfurth  his  bright  beames,  that  all.thyng  might  be  sene 
and  perceiued,  the  Englishemen,  geuen  to  couetuousnes  of  spoyle  and  desire  of  Rauyne, 
neither  chaced,  norfolowed  their  enemies,  but  beyng  content  with  their  prey  and  gayne,  began 
to  retraite  toward  the  siege  again.  But  se  the  chaunce:  the  Frenchmen  which  wer  com- 
niyng  after,  heard  by  the  noyce  of  the  people,  that  some  fraie  was  then  in  hand,  put  the 
spurres  to  the  horse,  and  set  on  their  enemies,  beyng  laded  with  bagges  and  wallcttes,  of 
preys  and  spoiles.  The  other  part,  whiche  before  fled,  returned  again,  and  assailed  their 
enemies.  The  Frenchmen  egerly  assailed,  and  the  Englisheinen  manfully  defended,  whiche 
beyng  out  of  ordVe,  wer  compelled  to  flie,  of  whom,  Matthew  Gough  and  diuerse  other  wer 
taken  prisoners,  and  yet  of  the  other  parte,  many  were  slain,  and  a  great  nombre  taken, 
emongest  whom,  was  the  lord  of  Lore,  which,  for  all  the  battaile,  was  kept  and  not  de- 

•THE  lord  Willoughby,  hearyng  of  this  cliaunce  reysed  the  siege  &  departed  verie  sore 
displeased.  Therefore-  let  euery  capitain  take  good  hedc  of  victorie,  the  whiche  as  she  is  harde 
to  obtain,  so  she  is  quicke  to  rlie  awaie:  for  it  is  daily  sene,  that  he,  whiche  thynketh  suerly, 
thathe  hath  her  in  his  handes,  before  he  can  catche  her,  isdeceiued,  £  ronnelh  into  a  great 
losse  and  danger:  and  on  the  otherside,  when  she  is  gotten,  (except  good  watche  behourcly 
kept)  she  will  steale  awaie,  with  muche  hurte  and  detriment,  to  the  first  gainer.  Thus  the 
Englishmen,  for  the  gredy  appetite  of  gain,  lost  the  triumphaunt  victorie,  whiche  they  had  in 
their  handes.  While  the  Englishe  and  Frenche  nacions,  thus  strouc  and  contended,  for 
preeminence,  principalitie,  yea,  &  for  the  superior  power  of  life,  by  the  vnreasonable  rage 
of  warrein  Fraunce,  the  rich  men  were  spoyled  of  their  goodes,  the  spiritual!  persones,  were 
taxed  and  brought  low,  the  comon  people  wer  slain,  murdred,  and  trode  vnder  the  foote, 
women  wer  defiled,  virgynes  wer  ranished,  tounes  wer  destroied  and  wasted,  toune  duellers 
and  citezens,  wer  robbed  and  exiled,  beautiful  buyldynges,  wer  cruelly  brent,  "nothing  was 
spared,  by  the  crueltie  of  Mars:  whiche  by  fire,  hloud,  or  famyne,  might  be  catched  or  de- 
stroied, beside  a  hiidred  more  calamities,  that  daily  vexed  and  troubled  the  miserable  French 
nacion.  Although  France,  wer  at  this  tyme,  thus  miserably  aflicted:  yet  Englande,  was 
not  without  doloure  and  trouble:  for  daily  Englishmen,  asvvel  noble  as  meane  personages, 
wer, slain  taken,  \vounded,  or  hurte,  their  substance  was  cdtinually  exacted,  and  cosumed 
for  maintenaunce  of  ihe  warres,  so  that  mischief  and  calamitie,  was  indifferent  to  bothe  the  t 
nacions,  and  qujetnes  and  gayne,  were  expulsed  £  banished  from  ihean  both :  in  so  muehe 
'..v'-i.^  that: 


to  scourge,  pidguc  --M,,!   u.-ai-1-p    to  a  frendlv  neace.  sent  his 

cord  and ^uadyng  vn  tie,  shewyng,  declaryng  and  arguyng,  peace  to  be  moste  honorable 
and  'mo  e  Fofitab  e  to  Christian  princes,  then  mortall  warre,  or  vnchantab  e  d.scencion. 
^dmran  of  Christes  people,  ought  to  baue  an  iye,  to  the  profile  of  their  people  to 
«  lusuce  duly  ministered,  to  rule  theseifes  by  reason  and  not  by  w,l  and  to  abstain  fro 
malice,  and  abhorre  all  wrong  and  iniury,  to  whiche  thynges,  warre  is  cuer  eiiemie  &  cleane 

'°WHFN  the  Le^te  had  thus  persuaded  the  princes  on  euery  part,  bothe  gently  aun- 
swered  'that  they  wer  content  to  come  to  a  reasonable  ende.  But  when  the  first  commum- 
cacionwasmoued,  and  by  comissioners  treated,  their  dooynges  were  so  farre  disagreeable, 
from  their  vvordes,  that  not  onely  reasonable  and  honest  eondiciens  of  peace,  could  be  nei- 
ther heard  nor  accepted,  but  more  frowardnes,  pertinacie,  &  malice  was  kmdeled  and 
BPron<T  in  their  stumackes,  then  before  that  time  had  been  sene.  The  Cardinal  beyng  in. 
vtter  dispaire,  of  cocludyng  a  peace  betwene  the  two  realmes,  (least  he  should  seme  to  de- 
pal  te  empty  of  all  thynges,  for  the  whiclie  he  had  taken  so  muche  trauaill)  desired  a  truce 
for  sixe  yeres  to  come,  which  request,  as  it  was  to  him,  by  bothe  parlies  hardly  graunted,  so 
was  it  of  the  Frenchmen,  sone  and  lightly  broken,  after  his  returne :  For  the  Bastarde  of 
Orleaunce,  newly  made  Erie  of  Dumoys,  tooke  by  treason  the  toune  of  Charters,  from  the 
Englishemen:  affirmyng  by  the  lawe  of  armes,  that  stealyng  or  biyng  a  toune  without  in- 
uasio,  or  assaute,  was  no  breach  of  league,  amitie,  nor  truce.  In  the  whiche  toune,  he  slews 
the  bishop,  because  he  was  a  JJurgonyo,  through  which  occasion,  newe  malice  increased 
and  mortal  warre  began  again  to  rise  and  spryng. 

WH I LE  these  thynges  wer  doyng  in  Fraunce,  Henry  Beaufforde  Cardinal]  of  Winchester, 
•was  sailed  again  into  Englande,  to  appeace  and  represse  certain  diuisions  and  commocions, 
sprang  vp,  by  mischeuous  and  pernicious  persones,  within  the  realme,  whiche  vnder  the 
colour  of  a  newe  sect  of  religion,  coniured  together,  to  disquiet  £  vexe,  the  whole  quietnes 
of  the  realme.  But  after  that  Willia  Maundeuile  and  I  ho  Sharpe  wer  taken,  and  executed 
by  the  gouernor  and  the  kynges  Justices,  the  remnaunt  yelded,  and  cofcssed  their  offences: 
wherof  two  articles  wer  these,  as  some  men  write:  that  priestes  should  haue  no  possessions, 
and  that  all  thynges,  by  the  ordre  of  Charitie,  emongest  Cliristen  people,  should  be  incommon. 
After  this  sedicious  coniuracion,  by  diligent enquirie,  was  thus  queened  out,  the  Cardinall 
began  to  commen  with  the  duke  of  Gloucester,  concernyng  the  affaires  and  husines  of 
Fraunce:  and  suspecting  that  the  truce  would  not  long  continue  betwene  t)othe  j?  realmes, 
(as  it  did  not  in  dede)  diuised,  how  to  send  more  aide,  and  men  to  the  Duke  of  Bedforde, 
and  gathered  vp  more  money,  and  treasure,  for  the  further  maintenance  of  the  warres,  and 
resistence  of  their  enemies.  "VVherupon  the  Duke  of  Gloucester,  called  a  Parliament,  in 
the  whiche,  money  was  assigned,  and  men  wer  appointed.  Duryng  whiche  Parliament, 
lames  the  kyng  of  Scottes,  sent  Ambassadors,  to  conclude  a  peace,  with  the  duke  of  Glou- 
cester, which,  (because  the  kyng  was  abscnte)  referred  the  matter  to  the.  iij.  estates.  After 
long  consultacion,  (not  without  greatc  argumentes)  a  peace  was  graunted  and  concluded, 
which  all  men  iudged,  long  to  continue,  because  kyng  lames,  was  then  vexed  with  ciuil 
warre  and  intestine  discencion,  and  also  the  Frencheuaeu  had  taken  truce,  (as  you  haue  hard) 
for.  vi.  \eres. 

WHEN  the  parliament  was  finished,  the  Cardinall  well  garnished  with  men  and  money, 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  167 

departed  out  of  Englande,  and  came  to  Roan  to  the  kyng,  to  whom  also  resorted  from  Paris, 
Ihon,  Duke  of  Bedford,  to  debate  and  consult  of  thynges,- not  vnlikelyto  happen  and  chaunce. 
Wherfore,  a  greate  counsail  was  celebrate,  within  the  Castle  of  Roan,  and  many  doubt* 
wer  moued,  and  fevve  waighty  thynges  out  of  hand  concluded.  Some  imagined,  that  their 
enemies,  would  not  longkepe  promise,  nor  yet  obserue  the  truce,  by  them  solemply  graunt- 
ed:  consideryng,  that  the  Frenche  hartes  brente,  and  their  iyes  were  very  sore,  lose  the 
riche  Duchie  of  Normandy,  the  faire  citee  of  Paris  and  thepleasaunt  Isle  of  Fraunce,  to  be 
brought  and  reduced,  vnder  the  obeysauce  and  subieccion,  of  thenglish  nacion.  Wherfore, 
thei  would  not  omit,  or  ouerse  one  thyng,  that  souded  to  defence,  least  the  Frenchmen  so- 
dainly,  (not  keping  their  promes,  &  brekyng  the  truce,)  might  cause  thenglishmen  to  be  in 
greate  &  perilous  ieoperdy,  not  knowyng  what  coiisaill  to  take,  nor  sodainly  to  prouide  a 
remedy  for  a  mischief*,  bothe  for  lacke  of  men  and  substaunce.  Oiher  wer  of  opi- 
nion, that  nombres  of  men,  could  not  long  be  maintained  and  kepte  together,  without 
breache  of  truce,  and  violatyngof  peace:  knowyng  that  the  handes  of  men,  be  properly  geueu 
to  spoyle,  and  euer  redy  to  gain,  and  moste  especially,  when  they  be  daily  redy  in  harneis, 
prone  and  quicke  to  set  on  their  enemies.  And  therfore,  thei  would  the  walled  tounes,  to 
bewel  manned  and  defected,  and  the  rest  of  the  army,  to  be  sent  into  England,  again,, 
there  to  remain  and  tary  til  the  tyme  of  the  truce  wer  expired  and  ouer  passed. 

AFTER  this  disputacion,  with  many  argumetes  ended,  the  dukes  of  Bedford  and  Yorke, 
and  Edmond  late  erle  of  Mortayn,  and  now  by  the  death  of  Ihon  duke  of  Somerset,  (which 
died  without  heire  male,  leauyng  behind  hym,  a  sole  doughter  called  Margaret,  after,  coun- 
tesse  of  Richemod)  erected  to  the  name  and  title,  of  duke  of  Somerset,  liked  and  approued, 
the  first  argument,  &  first  moued  reason:  affirmyng  best  that  warre  must  be  prouided  for, 
and  that  money  out  to  be  disbmssed,  and  to  aduoyde  all  doubles,  that  a  greater  army,  was 
necessary  to  be  gathered  together  and  assembled.  When  al  thynges  wer  agreed,  kyng  Henry 
departed  to  Calice,  and  from  thence  to  Douer,  and  so  by  easye  iorneis  he  came  the.  xxi.  daie 
of  February,  to  the  citee  of  London,  where  he  was  receiued,  not  onely  with  greate  pompe 
and  triumphe,  but  also  highly  presented  with  giftes  and  money,  as  in  the  Chronicle  of  Robert 
Fabian,  you  maie  rede  at  large,  whiche  thyng  I  ouer  passe. 

AFTER  that  the  kyng,  was  departed  into  Englande,  the  Duke  of  Bedford,  Regent  of ' 
Fraunce,  and  capitain  of  Calice,  taried  behynde  in  the  marches  of  Picardy:  where  he  was 
informed,  that  certain  souldiors  of  Calice,  grudgyng  al  the  restrainl  of  wolles,  beganne  to 
mutter  and  murmure  against  the  kyng  and  his  counsaill,  so  that  the  toune  of  Calice,  was  like 
to  stand  in  ieoperdy.  Wherfore  the  duke,  forseyng  the  mischief  that  might  insue,  &  thinkyng 
it  wisedom,  to  withstand  the  first  mocion,  caused  the  chieftaynes  of  this  faccion,  to  be  ap- 
prehended, and  after  due  examinacion  had,  diuerse  were  put  to  death,  and  many  banished 
&  exiled  the  Marches  for  euer.  After  that  he  had  purged  the  tonne  of  that  vngracious  and 
sedicious  company,  and  had  furnished  it,  with  new  souldiors  &  discrete  men  of  war,  he  was 
determined,  first  to  repaire  again  to  Paris,  but  his  liarte  would  not  serue  hym  for  sith  his  de- 
parture, Lady  Anne  his  wife  and  Duchies,  was  departed  to  God,  and  honorably  enterred  in 
the  Celestyns  at  Paris:  by  whose  death,  and  for  other  causes,  (as  partelyyou  haue  hard)  the 
sureloue,  and  approued  fidelitie,  betwene  the  duke  of  Burgoyn,  his  brother  in  lawe  and  hym, 
began  to  waxe  fainte  and  colde.  For  whiche  cause,  he  beyng  persuaded  by  the  lorde  Lewes 
of  Luxenborough,  bishoppe  of  Tyrwyne  and  Ely,  and  ChaunceHor  of  Fraunce  for  kyng 
Henry,  agreed  to  marye  the  Lady  laquet,  doughter  to  Peter  Erie  of sainct  Paule,  and  niece 
tothesaied  bishop,  and  to  lorde  Ihon  of  Luxenborough:  to  the  intent,  that  by  this  newe  af- 
finitie,  the  olde  acqua'mtaunce  and  familiaritie,  whiche  he  had  wirh  that  noble  familie  of 
Luxeborough,  should  be  reaeued  and  inforced,  and  with  a  more  surer  knot,  knit  and  con- 
firmed. Wheruppn  he  departed  from  Calice  to  Tirwyne,  where,  he  was  highly  receiued  of 
the  Erie  ofsainct  Paule,  and  of  his  brethren,  and  there  hemaried,  the  faire  and  freashelady 
laquet,  of  the  age  of.  xvii.  yeres,  with  all  triumphe  and  nupciall  solempnitie.  After  whiche 
Ceremony  ended,  he  returned  with  his  newe  spouse  to  Calice,  and  so  into  Englande,  where, 

1  he. 

The.  xi. 

,6j  THE.  XL  YERE  OF 

he  with  hi3  wife  remained,  vntil  August  next,  and  then  returned  again  to  Paris.  The  Duke  of 
lLaovnc,  (  vLose  mvnde  began  to  incline,  a  litle  and  litle  toward  kyng  Charles)  was  sore 
u S  and  an.ry,  that  the  duke  of  Bedforde,  was  ioyned  in  affinitie,  with  the  noble  and 
famou  housofLuxeborough:  by  the  whiche  he  savve,  that  the  power  o  the  Englishmen, 
should  be  greatly  aduaunced.  But  the  manage  was  fully  ended,  and  he  could  hnde  no 


\VHile  these  thymes  weredoyng  thus,  in  other  places  the  French  souldiors  lackyng  wages, 
faad  emSaest  tbeim,  a  greate  nombre,  whiche  in  hope  of  prey,  and  desire  ofspoile,  had 
cast  vp  the  plough,  and  left  their  labor,)  began  priuely,  (as  tyme  serued,  and  occasion  gaue 
place)  to  take  bothe  Englishmen  and  Burgonyons,  and  raunsomed  and  spoyled  thenu,  at 
their  pleasures.  And  although  they  were  prohibited  thus  to  do,  (duryng  the  tyme  of  truce  & 
peace)  yet  inconclusion,  they  spared  not  openly  to  robbe,  spoyle,  and  burne:  yea,  &  to 
steale  tounes,  whiche  they  affirmed  to  be  no  breache  of  truce.  The  Englishmen,  pricked  and 
vexed,  with  these  open  wronges,  and  manifest  iniuries,  prepared  for  warre,  after  the  sixe 
monetb,  that  the  truce  was  taken  and  concluded.  And  by  this  meanes,  the  war  was  rencued 
and  bcgonne  again.  The  vntrue  Frenchemen,  breakers  of  peace,  and  not  kepers  of  truce, 
rcysedacreweofmen,  and  sodainly  tooke  the  toune  of  sainct_Valerie,  standyng  in  Nor- 
mandy, on  the  Riuer  of  Soame:  and  another  army,  vnder  the  coduict  of  sir  Ambrose,  lorde 
of  Lore,  wasted  and  destroyed  all  the  countrey  aboute  Caen.  The  Duke  of  .Bedford,  not 
niyndyng  to  lie  still  in  ydlenesse,  sent  the  Erie  of  Arundell,  the  Erie  of  Warwickes  sonne  the 
Lorde  Lisle,  Adane  Marshall  of  Fraunce,  for  kyng  Henry,  and.  xii.  C.  men,  with  ordinaunce 
and  municions,  to  besiege  the  toune  of  Laigny,  vpon  the  Riuer  of  Marne.  Whiche  Erie, 
with  the  shot  of  a  Canon,  brake  the  archeof  the  bridge,  and  gat  from  ths  Frenchmen,  their 
bulwarke,  and  set  it  on  fire.  Diuerse  assautes  were  attempted,  but  the  toune  was 
well  defended:  for  within,  wer  shut  vp,  eight  hudred  men  of  armes  beside  other  meane 

THE  duke  of  Bedford,  beyng  therof  aduertisecl,  gathered  an  armie  of  sixe  thousande 
men  of  warre,  wherof  wer  capitaines,  Robert,  Lorde  Willoughby,  sir  Andrewe  Ogard, 
Chambcrlein  to  the  duke,  sir  I  lion  Saluaine,  Baylife  of  Roan,  sir  Ihon  Montgomerie, 
Bailife  of  Caux,  sir  Phillip  Halle,  Baylife  of  Vernoyle,  sir  Richard  Ratclife,  deputie  of 
Calice,  sir  Raufe  Neuell,  sir  Raufe  Standishe,  sir  Ihon  Hanforde,  sir  Richard  Euthin, 
sir  Richard  Harryngton,  Bailife  of  Eureux,  sir  William  Fulthorpe,  sir  Thomas  Griffyne 
of  Irelande,  Dauy  Halle,  Thomas  Stranguish,  Leonard  Ornesto,  Esquiers,  and  Thomas 
Gerard,  whiche  solde  the  toune  of  Mounstrean  Faultyon,  to  the  Frenchemen  :  and  with 
all  thyngcs  necessarye,  came  to  the  siege  before  Laigny.  He,  there,  made  a  bridge  of 
boates,  and  brought  his  ordinaunce  so  nere  the  tonne,  that  to  all  people,  it  seined  not  Ion » 
able  to  resist.  But  the  Erie  of  Dumoys  Bastard  of  Orleaunce,  with  diuerse  hardy  capi- 
taines, as  valiauntly  repulsed,  as  the  Englishemen  assautcd.  This  siege  contyneued.  as  fire 
against  flame,  and  sometyme  ilame  against  fire.  For  although  the  Englishemen  slewe  more 
uombre,  yet  they  gat  neither  prey,  nor  boty:  and  although  the  Frenchemen,  kepte  va- 
leauntly  the  walles,  and  defended  the  loupes/ yet  they  loste  bothe  men  and  capitaines,  and 
wer  long  secluded  from  their  aide  and  succors,  til  Charles  the  French  kyng,  perceiuyng 
this  toune,  to  be  the  thre  corner  key,  betwene  the  territories  of  the  Englishemen,  the  Bur- 
gonyons, and  his  awne,  and  that  the  losse  therof,  should  turne  hym  to  innumerable  da- 
mages and  incredible  hurtes,  sent  the  lorde  of  Rieux,  Poyton,  the  Heire,  the-lorde  Gan- 
cort,  and  sixe  thousand  men,  with  great  plentie  of  vitailes,  to  thentent,  either  to  reise  the 
sjegc,  or  to  vitaile  the  toune.  The  French  -capitaines,  made  a  bragge,  as  though  thei 
•Wild  fight  with  thenglishemen,  within  •  their  felde  and'Campe.  The  ^Englishmen  would 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  Vl.  169 

not  issue  out,  but  kept  themselfes  in  good  ordre,  euer  lokyng  for,  their  entrie  and  inuasio. 
The  Regent  perceiuyng,  that  thei  approched  not,  sente  to  theim  an  herault  of  Armes,  de- 
claryng  his  intent,  and   the  corage  of  his  company,  whiche  nothyng  more  desired,  then 
battaill.     And  to  sliewe  hymself  as  a  capitain,  rneanyng  that,  which  he  offred,   &  not  dis- 
simulyng  that,  whiche  he  spake:  he  incontinent,  diuided  his  men  into  three  battailes,  no 
more  wisely  ordered,  the  pollitiquely  gouerned :  as  who  would  sale,  come  on  Frencheman, 
if  thy  harte  will  serue.     But  his  aduersarie§,  more  craft ie  then  hardy,  more  pollitique  then 
coragious,  framed  themselfes  in  suche  ordre  of  battaile,  as  thei  wer  able  to  do  all  thyng, 
and  yet  inconclusion,    (concernyng  marciall  feat<?s)  thei  did  nothyng.     For,    while  thei 
made  a  proudc  bragge,  and  a  stoute  skirmishe  with  the   Englishemen,  thei  appoynted  di- 
nerse  rude  and  rustical!  persones,  to  conucye  into  the  toune,  xxx.  oxe  and  other  small  vi- 
taill,  but  this  swete  gain,  wassowerly  paied  for,  if  the  losse  with  the  gain,  be  pondered  in 
one  balaunce:  for  hauyng  regard  to.  xxx.  leane  oxen,  in  the  conflict  were  slain,  the  lorde 
Sentrayles,  brother  to  Pothon,  the  valeaunt  capitain  Ihon,  brother  to  the  lord  Gawcort, 
and  fiftie  other  noble  and  valeaunt  personages,  beside  other  common  people,  whiche  bought 
that  bargayne,  aboue  the  price  of  the  common  Markeite.     The   Frenchemeri,  perceiuyng 
,  their  intbrtunate  chaunce,  and  not  only  consyderyng,  the  vnspekeable  heate,  whiche  then 
weried  their   people,  beyng  in   the  beginnyng,  of  the  hole  moneth  of  August:  but  also, 
perceiuyng  the  Englishmen,  to  be  planted  and  settled,  in  a  place  vnable  to  be  wonne,  and 
in  a  grounde,  bothe  dangerous  to  inuade,  and  hard  to  assaile,  like  men  desperate  of  gain, 
and  without  hope  of  victory,  departed  to  Fort  vnder  Yerre,  where,   by  a  bridge  of  tunnes, 
they  passed  into  the  Isle  of  Fraunce.     The  Duke  of  Bedforde,   (like  a  wise  prince)  not 
myndyng  to  lease  the  more  for  the  lesse,  'nor  the  accident  for  the  substaunce,  fearyng  that 
Paris  and  other  tounes,  more  necessary  to  thenglishemen,  and  of  more  estimacion,  would 
•returne  to  his  aduersaries,  thynkyng  if  the  greater  power  were  holden,   the  lesse  should  be 
sone  obtained,  reysed  his  siege,  and  returned  to  Paris,  nothyng  lesse  myndyng,  then  to 
trie  his  querell  with  dent  of  sweard,  against  his  enemies:  and  so  sent  Bedford  his  herault, 
to  the  lorde  Gawcort,  and  other  chieftaines  of  his  army,  offerynghym  battail,  and  a  pitch- 
ed feld,  within  a  conuenient  grounde,  where  so  euer  he  would,  within  the  Isle  of  Fraunce, 
assigne  or  appoynt.     To  the  whiche  officer  of  Armes,  the  capitaines  aunswered,  that  bat- 
taill they  feared  not,  nor  the   Englishe  puyssaunce,    thei  not  muche  regarded,  but  thei 
saied:  that  tyme  was  to  gain,  and  tyme  was  lo  lose,  of  the  whiche  twoo,  thei  doubted  not 
to  espie  the  one,  either  to  their  greate  gain,  or  to  their  apparaunt  losse.     Wherupon  thei 
sent  the  lorde  Ambrose  de  Loyre,  with.  vii.  C.  horsemen,  to  robbe  and  spoyle  the  poore 
people,  commyng  to  the  faier,  on  the  day  of  sainct  Michaell  the  Archangel!,  kepte  in  the 
suburbes  of  the  toune  of  Caen.     But  whe  Dauy  Halle  Esquier,  capitain  of  the  touhe,  for 
the  duke  of  Yorke,  issued  out  to  fight  with  liym,   he  departed  by  flight,  without  any  either 
botie  or  gain   of  the  faier.     The  Frenchmen  perceiuyng,  that  neither  power,  force,  nor 
pollicie,  could  auaile  against  the  Englishe  nacion,  determined  to  trippe  and  deceiue  them 
by  their  accustomed  seruaunt,  called  master  Treason,  and  so  by  money,  corrupted  Piers 
Audebeuffe,  Constable  of  the  castle  of  Roan,  that  the  Marshall  of  Fraunce,  and  the  lord 
Fountaynes,  with  twoo  hundred  persones  disguised,  entered  into  the  Castle,  but  thei  wer 
sone  espied,  and  driuen  to  the  dongeon,  where  thei  wer  taken  and  yeldcd:  wherof  some 
wer  hanged,  some  bedded,  and  some  raunsomed  at  the  pleasure  of  the  Regent:  and  suche 
ende  had  the  tray  tors,  whiche  would  by  treason,  rather  then  by  buttaill,  obtained  their  prey 
and  desired  purpose, 

THIS  pageaunt  plaied,  the  Regent  sent  Peter  of  Luxenborough  Erie  of  sainct  Paule, 
and  Robert,  lorde  Willoughby,  with  a  competet  crue  of  men,  to  besige  the  toune  of  Sainct 
Valerie,  whiche  the  Frenchemen  alitle  before  had  taken.  These  valeaunt  capitaines,  not 
myndyng  to  slepe  their  busines,  enuironed  the  toune  with  a  strong  siege.  Within  the  toune 
•wer  sir  Lewes  de  Vancort,  sir  Phillippe  de  la  Toure,  and  sir  Reignold  de  Verseilles  ca- 
pitaines, with  three  hundred  good  fightyng  men,  which  by  the  space  of  iii.  wekes,  manfully 

2  defended 

170  THE.  XII.  YERE  OF 

defended  the  same.  But  at  the.  xxi.  daie  they  perceiuyng  the  fiersenes  of  tbenglishemen 
and  the  weakens  of  themselfes,  (hauyng  no  hope  of  relief  nor  confidence  m  any  aide) 
rendered  the  toune,  their  horsse  and  harneis  onely  saued.  The  trie  put,  in  the  garrison 
of  the  tonne,  freashe  and  valeaunt  souldiors,  and  appoynted  capitam  there,  sir  Ihon  Aw- 
bemond:  in  vvhiche  toune  sodainly,  (whether  it  wer  by  infeccio  01  the  ayre,  or  by  corrupt 
vitail  by  Ion*  liyne,  whiche  the  tonnes  men  did  eate.)  a  great  pestilence  sprang,  in  the  in- 
fortunate  cofitrey.  Whiche,  after  so  many  calamities  and  euill  chaunces,  beyng  twoo  tymes 
besieged  by  the  Frenchemen,  and  thryse  recouered  by  thenglishe  nacion,  was  now  infected 
and  corrupted,  with  the  pestilent  plague:  whereby  twoo  partes  ol  the  people,  within  snorte 
space,  wer  destroyed  and  consumed. 

AFTER  this  toune  tjotteh,  the  Erie  of  sainct  Panic,  and  the  Lorde  Willoughby,  return- 
ed to  the  Repent,  where,  they  wer  well  welcomed.  And  after,  thesaid  Erie  departed  from 
Paris,  to  hue  siege  to  the  Castle  of  Monchas,  but  beyng  encamped,  nere  to  the  toune  of 
Biaim-  he,  by  a  sodain  maladie,  finished  his  daies,  and  departed  the  worlde,  leauyng  his 
seigniories,  to  Lewes  his  sonne  and  heire.  For  whiche  dedde  Erie,  wer  solempne  obse- 
quies kepte,  bothe  in  Paris  and  in  London,  because  he  was  father  in  lawe  to  the  Regent. 
In  the  meane  season,  the  Frenchmen  entered  into  the  costes  of  high  Burgoyne,  and  brent, 
toke,  and  destroyed  tonnes :  for  whiche  cause,  the  Burgonyons  beyng  sore  displeased,  as- 
sembled a  greate  army,  bothe  to  reuenge  their  querels,  and  also  to  recouer  again  the  tounes, 
from  theim  iniustely  taken:  to  whom,  (as  to  his  frendcs)  the  duke  of  Bedforde,  sent  Ro- 
bert Lorde  Willoughby,  and  sir  Thomas  Kiriel,  with  a  comienient  company  of  souldiors, 
whiche  enteryng  into  the  laundes  of  Laonoys,  wer  encoutred  with  a  great  nobrc  of  their 
enemies:  but  by  whose  force,  (after  long  fight)  the  Frenchmen  wer  slain  and  dispersed: 
wherof  wer  left  dedde  in  the  feld,  an  hundred  and  sixtie  horsemen,  beside  prisoners,  whiche 
after  in.  a  fury,  wer  all  killed  and  put  to  destruction. 

f  THE.  XII.  YERE. 

Tj«r'  WHile  these  chaunces  thus  happened  in  Fraunce,  Iho  lord  Talbot,  gathered  together, 
a  crue  of  chosen  men  of  war  in  England,  to  the  nombre  of  viii.  C.  &  sailed  into  Norman- 
dy, and  passed  by  Roan  toward  Paris,  and  in  his  way,  he  toke  the  strong  Castle  of  loing, 
betwene  Beauoys  and  Gisors,  and  caused  all  the  Frenchmen  within  to  be  hanged  on  the 
walles,  and  after,  raised  and  defaced  the  Castle,  and  came  to  the  Duke  of  Bedford,  to 
Paris.  The  presence  of  which  renoumed  capitam,  (a  maruelous  thyng  it  is  to  se)  so  incora- 
ged  the  hartes  of  the  English  nacion,  that  thei  thought,  nothyng  able  to  resist  their  puys- 
saunce,  and  so  discoraged  the  hartes  of  the  Frenchemen,  that  thei  wer  in  doubt,  whether 
it  wer  better  to  fight,  or  to  flic.  And  this  was  not  without  a  cause :  for  surely,  he  was  a 
chosen  capital n,  &  in  marcial  feates,  a  man  fully  instructed,  and  his  corage  and  practise  in 
warre,  was  fearfull  to  the  Frenche  nacion,  and  to  his  awne  coutremen,  an  especial  hope 
and  a  sure  defence.  When  this  hardy  Baron,  had  commonecl  with  the  Regent,  and  agreed 

i  «i  i  11.1  *    i  .1  i     » 

,   vpon 

condicio.  After  that,  he  regained  without  long  siege,  the  tounes  of  Creile,  the  bridge  of 
sainct  Maxens,  the  new  toune  in  Esuioy,  Crespy  in  Valoys,  and  Cleremout  in  Beauoys : 
and  so  with  greate  riches,  and  fatte  prisoners,  he  returned  again  to  Paris.  Thus,  pros- 
perous successe  happened,  not  to  the  lorde  Talbot  alone :  but  also  thesame  very  sear 
son,  therle  of  Arundell,  toke  the  Castle  of  Botnelyne,  and  raised  it  to  the  ground,  and 
after,  tooke  by  force  the  Castle  of  Doric,  and  from  thence  came  to  sainct  Seleryne,  where 
the  lorde  Ambrose  of  Lore,  was  capitain,  which  issued  out,  and  fought  with  the  Eng- 
lishenien  so  egerly  at  the  firste,  that  he  droue  theim  backe  an  arowe  shflt  by  fine 




.    '  f  .  •*    - 

KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  171 

force.  But  the  Erie  so  incoraged  his  men,  that  they  toke  newe  corages  to  them,  and  set 
so  fiersly  on  the  Frcnchemen,  that  they  slewe  a  greate  nombre,  and  droue  the  remnaunt 
into  the  toune. 

AFTER  this  victory,  he  besieged  Louiers,  wherof  was  capitain,  the  Heire,  and  hb  brother, 
which  rendered  the  toune,  without  stroke  or  assaute.  For  all  this  good  lucke,  therle  forgat 
not  toreturne,  to  the  toune  of  S.  Seleryne,  but  assembled  a  great  army,  and  enuironed  the 
toune  about  with  a  strong  siege.  Whe  he  had  lien  there  almoste.  iij.  rnonethes  euery  daie  at- 
temptyng  or  dooyng  somewhat,  for  the  performaunce  of  his  enterprise,  in  conclusion  at 
the  thre  monethesende,  he  gaue  so  fierce  an  assaut,  that  by  force  he  entred  the  toune,  and 
slewe  Ihon  Allemagne  and  Gulliam  sent  Aubyne,  the  chief  capitaines,  and.  viii.C.  other  men 
of  warre,  and  the  Children  of  the  lorde  Lore,  wer  taken  captiues:  he  replenished  and  fortified 
the  toune  again  with  newe  men,  andmunicios,  and  made  there  capitain,  sir  Ihon  Cornwale. 
Whiche  acte  thus  accomplished,  he  departed,  and  came  before  the  strong  toune  of  Sillye,  and 
there  pitched  his  campe.  The  inhabitauntes  of  thesame,  somewhat  dismaied  with  the 
chaunce  that  late  happened  to  the  toune  of.  S.  Seleryne,  deliueredto  him  pledges,  vpon  this 
condicion:  that  if  thei  wer  not  rescued,  within,  xxx.  daies  nexte  insuyng,  then  ihcy,  (their 
lifes  saued)  should  rendre  the  toune,  into  his  possession:  whiche  offre  was  taken.  The  capi- 
taines within  the  toune,  sent  a  post  to  the  French  kyng,  to  aduertise  hym  of  their  hard 
chaunce,  which  incontinent  sent  to  them,  Arthur,  Erie  of  Richemond,  (but  after  some  wri- 
ters, Ihon  duke  of  Alaunson)  with  a  greate  company  of  men.  When  therle  sawe  the 
Frenche  succors  appere,  he  restored  again  y  pledges  to  the  gouernors  of  the  toune,  and 
issued  out  of  his  campe,  takyng  a  place  moste  mete  and  conuenient  for  to  abide  battaill,  for  ' 
whiche  he  sore  thirsted  and  longed.  The  Duke  or  the  Erie,  (take  whiche  you  list) 
liyng  by  a  brooke  side,  whiche  a  man  might  stride  ouer,  seyng  the  Englishemen,  so  war- 
like and  strongly  embattailed,  thought  it  not  for  his  profile,  to  gene  battaiil,  or  to  sette  for- 
ward: but  in  the  dedde  time  of  the  night,  cowardly  fled,  and  with  shame  returned:  although 
some  Freche  writers  affirme,  that  he  loked  that  the  erle  of  Arundell,  should  haue  geuen  hym 
battaill,  and  because  he  profcred  not  forward,  therfore  the  Frenchmen  departed.  This  ap- 
pereth  to  be  an  apparaunt  lye,  and  a  Frenche  bragge:  for  if  they  came  to  rescewe  the  toune,. 
why  did  not  they  geue  battaill,  &  so  driuc  awaie  tbenglishmen  from  the  toune?  If  they  came 
to  fight,  why  departed  they  without  any  stroke  striken?  But  it  setneth  that  thei  came,  to 
make  a  Frenche  face,  and  for  to  do  nothyng.  For  thei  without  skirmishe  or  succoryng  the 
toune,  departed  in  the  night  secretly,  (as  you  haue  hearde.)  When  thei  within  the  tonne 
knew,  that  their  succors  failed,  thei  rendred  themselfes,  to  the  mercy  of  therle  of  Arundel, 
which  gently  receiued  the,  &  leauyng  a  garrison  in  the  toune,  departed  to  Mauns,  and  in  the 
meane  waie,  tokc  the  Castles,  of  Mellay  and  sainct  Laurece.  About  this  tyme,  the  lord 
Willoughby,  and  sir  Thomas  Kiriell,  returnyng  with  great  victories  out  of  the  parties  of  Bur- 
goyue,  tooke  in  their  waie,  the  toune  of  Louiers,  and  furnished  it,  bothe  with  men,  and 

EMONGEST  so  many  good  chaunces,  some  euill  arc  accustomed  to  fall  and  happen,  or 
els  the  gayners,,  will  not  knowe  themselfes..  So  it  happened  that  a  greate  nobre,  of  rude  and 
rustical  persones  in  Norrnady,  dwellyng  by  y  sea  coast,  either  prouoked,  or  intiscd  thenmto, 
by  the  Frenche  kyng,  or  desirous  of  altcracion  and  change,  (whiche  thyng  the  commerr 
people  muche  couete  and  desire)  made  an  insurreccion,  and  put  on  harneis,  &  by  force  ex- 
pulsed  certain  garrisos,  out  of  their  houKles,  and  toke  certain  tonnes:  publishing  and  pro- 
claimyrig  opely,  that  their  onely  purpose  and  intent  was,  to  expel  and  banish,  the  whole  En- 
glishe nacion,  out  of  their  coutreys  and  eoastes.  Wherfore,  it  maie  euidently  appere,  that 
the  blacke  Ethyopian,  or  the  blacke  coloured  rauc,  wil  soner  turne  their  colours,  than  the 
vniuersal  people,  bred  in  Frauce  will  hartely  loue,  or  inwardly  fan  or,  an  Englishe  borne  child. 
And  yet,  the  Normans  of  long  tyme,  louingly  and  gentely,  haue  obeyed  to  the 'subjection  of 
Englande,  and  haue  of  the  Englishe  nacion,  been  wel  accepted  and  regarded,  but  now  thei, 

Z  2  forgettyng 


forgettyng  their  duetie,  and  remebryng  their  hurtes,  did  not  doubt,   to  rebell  against  theii 
prince  and  soueraigne  Lordc. 

THIS  mischeuous  copany,  thus  frantiquely  gathred  together,  with  all  spede  marched  to- 
ward Caen,  to  the  intent  there,  bothe  to  assemble  a  greater  nornbre  ot  people,  and  also  to 
consult,  what  way  thei  should  folow  in  their  newe  begon  atteptate.  13ut  the  dukes  of  Yqrke 
&  Somerset,  which  then  wer  liyng  in  Normandy,  hearyng  of  this  vngracious  iaccion  & 
troubelous  comocion,  &  hauyng  knowledge  by  their  espials  what  iorney  they  intended  to  take : 
incotinent  without  delay,  sent  therle  of  Arundell  and  the  lorde  Willoughby,  with.  vj.M.  ar- 
chers, and.  xiij.  hundred  light  horsses,  to  staie  and  kepe  them,  either  for  settyng  furthe,  or 
niakyng  farther  progresse.  Therle  of  Arundell  goyng  one  waie,  appoynted  the  Lorde 
Willoughby,  with  twoo  thousande  Archers,  and  a  certain  nombre  of  horsemen,  to  go  afore 
hym,  to  lye  in  watche  and  stale,  secretly  by  the  waie,  to  stop  the  iorney  and  passage  of  the 
rebelles,  whe  they  should  approch.  The  lorde  Willoughby,  couertly  couered  hymself  and 
his  company,  sendyng  worde  to  the  Erie,  of  the  place  where  he  lay,  to  thentent  that  he  might 
make  a  signe  and  a  token,  (when  tyme  should  be  most  luckey  and  fortunate,)  to  inuade  & 
set  on  their  enemies.  Whiche  thyng  doen,  therle  folowed  at  the  backe,  the  ragged  route  and 
mischeuous  multitude,  as  a  man,  that  draue  the  deare  before  him  into  the  ImckestalJe,  or  the 
sely  coneis  into  the  secrete  hay.  When  the  ignoraunt  multitude,  approched  nere  to  the 
place  of  the  stale  the  Erie  made  a  token,  and  shot  a  gonne  for  a  signe.  Then  the  Lorde 
Willoughby,  set  on  them  before,  and  the  Erie  behynde,  shotyng  so  fiersly,  that  the  dastarde 
people,  partly  amased  with  the  sodain  chaunce,  and  partly,  galled  and  wounded  with  the  shot 
of  the  arrowes,  threwe  awaie  their  harneis  :  desiryng  nothyng  but  death.  Therle  of  Arun- 
del,  (moued  with  compassi5)  caused  his  souldiors  to  leaue  of  £  staye,  from  farther  murther 
or  bloud  shedyng,  &  apprehendyng  such,  as  he  thought,  to  be  the  ledars  and  chief  stirrers  of 
the  people,  let  the  other  returne  home  frankly  &  frely:  but  yet  there  were  a,M.  and  more 
slain,  before  the  souldiors,  could  be  brought  again  vnder  their  standerdes. 

AFTER  this  cominocion  appeaced,  and  the  sodain  rage  in  the  beginnyng  staied  and  bri- 
deled,  diliget  inquirie  was  made  of  the  malefactors,  and  suche  as  wer  found  gilty,  by  diuerse 
terrible  executions,  (accordyng  to  their  desertes,)  miserably  ended  their  traiterous  lifes. 
Duryng  which  rebellion,  Peter  Rokefort  and  his  copany,  gat  by  treason  the  toune  of  Deape, 
&  diuerse  other  houldes,  therunto  adioynyng.  After  the  Erie  of  Arundell,  had  obtained  so 
many  conquestes,  and  notable  victories  (as  you  haue  heard)  he  attempted  another,  which 
was  the  last  worke  and  extreme  labor,  of  his  liuyng  daies.  For  the  duke  of  Bedford,  beyng. 
informed,  that  his  aduersaries,  had  sodainly  surprised  &  take  the  toune  of  Rue,  and  therin 
had  put  a  garrison,  which  sore  vexed  the  coutreis  of  Ponthiew,  Arthoys,  andBolenoys,  sent 
word  to  therie,  that  he  without  delaye,  should  besiege  thesaid  toune.  Therle  obeyed  to  his 
comaundement,  and  incontinent,  sente  for  all  the  people  vnder  his  gouernaunce,  &  in  his 
marchyng  forward,  came  to  Gourney,  where  he  heard  tel,  how  y  there  was  a  certain  Castle, 
nere  Beaupys,  called  Gerborye,  whiehe  either  by  force  of  rasyng,  or  violence  of  weather, 
was  .sore  decaied  and  defaced.  And  because  this  place  was  opportune  and  very  necessarie, 
to  prohibite,  let  and  stop  thenglishmen,  to  make  sodain  runnynges  in,  or  rodes  into  the  coun- 
trey  of  Beauoys:  Charles  the  Freche  kyng  commaunded  sir  Stephen  de  Veignolles,  commonly 
calted  the  Heire,  tose  the  castle  reedefied  and  fortified.  Thesaid  sir  Stephen  with  a  great 
company,  came  to  thegrounde,  andlackyng  neither  stuffe  necessary,  nor  artificers  sufficient, 
in  small  tyme  erected  the  Castle,  and  began  to  defend  the  fortresse.  The  erle  of  Arundell, 
beyng  crediblie  informed  of  their  dooynges,  and  perceiuyng  that  this  newe  edificacion,  was 
very  prejudicial  to  the  Englishe  part,  determined  first  to  take  the.  Castle  supposyng  litle  or 
no  resistence,  therin  to  beshutte  vp,  but  he  wasdeceiued,  for  there  was  the  Heire,  with  many 
good  and  valeauntecapitaines.  The  Erie  with  fiue  hundred  horsemen,  encamped  hymself  in 
a  hue  close,  not  farre  from  the  Castle :  the  Frenchemen,  which  wer  thre  thousande  men, 
perceiuyng  that  the  Erie  and  his  horses  werwery,  and  that  his  archars  wer  not  yet  come,  de- 
termined for  their  aduauntage  to  set  on  him,  before  the  comyng  of  his  footmen,  whiehe  they 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  173 

knewe  to  he-litle  more,  then  a  mile  behynde  the  Erie.  Wherfore,  for  a  pollicie,  they  set 
furthe  fiftie  horssemen,  as  though  there  were  no  ino  in  the  Castle.  The  Erie  perceiuyng 
that,  sent  furth  sir  Randolfe  Standishe,  to  encountre  with  them,  hauyng  in  his  company  a 
hundred  horsses:  the  Frenchemen  fought  coragiously  a  while,  and  sodainly  came  out  all  the 
rernnaunte,  and  slewe  sir  Randolfe  Standishe,  and  all  his  company,  and  boldly  set  on  the 
Erie  and  hisbande,  whiche  manfully  defended  them,  so  that  the  Frenchmen  gatlitle  aduaun- 
tage,  for  al  their  great  nombre.  The  Heire  perceiuyng.  the  hartes,  corage  and  defence  of  the 
Engiishe  people,  caused  thre  Culuerynes  to  be  shot  emongest  theim,  wherof,  one  strake  the 
Erie 'on  the  ancle,  and  so  brake  his  legge,  that  for  pain  he  fell  from  his  horse,  then  the 
Frenche  men  entered  emongest  the  Engiishe  army,  and  tooke  the  erle,  beyng  on  the  grounde, 
prisoner,  and  sir  Richard  Wooduite,  and  sixe  score  more,  and  there  wer  slain  almoste  twoo 
C.  The  remnaunt  saued  them  selfes  aswel  as  thei  might.  The  Erie  was  caried  to  Beauoys, 
vher,  of  this  hurte  he  shortly  died,  and  was  buried  in  the  friers  Minors.  He  was  a  man  of 
a  singuler  vertue,  constancie  and  granitic,  whose  death  in  so  troubelous  a  worlde,  did  sore 
appall  the  hartes  of  his  nacion.  By  this  infortune,  Rue  was  not  besieged,  nor  Gerborie  ta- 
ken, suche  is  thechaunce  of  warre,  thus  Lady  Fortune  daily  turneth  her  whiele,  and  migh- 
tie  Mars,  often  varieth  his  countenaunce,  so  that  one  tyme  the  Englishemen  gat  by  assaut 
and  yieldyng,  diuerse  strong  tounes,  Castles,  and  piles.  At  another  season,  the  Frenche 
people,  somtyme  by  bargain,  somtyme  by  assaut,  obteined  thesaid  citees  and  fortificacions 
again,  or  other  in  their  stede.  Whiche  daily  altemptes,  lomitandouer  passe,  because  in 
the,  no  notable  acte,  nor  greate  Warlike  feate  was  doen  or  committed.  For  small  thynges, 
require  litel  writyng,  and  fewe  actes,  require  lesse  speakyng.  For  I  assure  you,,  that  he, 
which  should  write  the  negligent  losses,  and  the  pollitique  gaines,  of  enery  citee,  fortresse, 
and  turrett,  whiche  were  gotten  and  loste  in  these  daies,  should  fatigate  and  wery  the  reader, 
more  with  volumes,  then  queares  and  the  hearer,  more  with  triflyng  woordes,  then  with  nota-r 
ble  matter.  Wherfore  sithe  in  all  myne  authors,  I  finde  no  matter,  either  greatly  necessarie, 
or  muche  conuenient  to  be  spoken  of  concernyng  any  high  enterprise:  I  therfore,  leauyng 
bothe  the  nacions,  daily  studiyng  how  to  greue,  and  gain  of  the  other,  will  turne  againe.  to. 
other  thynges  accidental!  whiche  chaunced  in  this.  xii.  yere. 

ABOVT  the   moneth  of  June,   Ihon  duke   of  Burbon  and  Auerne,    taken   prisoner  at: 
the  battaill  of  Agyncourte.  xviii.  yeres  paste,   (as  you  haue  before  heard  )  now  paiyng  his , 
raunsome,  whiche  was.  xviii. M.I.  sterlyng  and  hauyng  ready  prepared  all  thynges  necessary, 
for  his  triumphaunt  returne  into  his  countrey,  was  taken  with  a  mosle  sore  and  greuous  feuerr, 
whiche  shortely  vnbodied.his  soule,  in  the  citee  of  London,  on  the  daie  appoynted,   for  hi& 
departure  into  France:  whose  corps  wasenterred,  in  the  Grey  Friers  of  thesaied  citee.     So- 
by  this,  euery  creature  maie  se:  that  man  purposeth  &  God  disposeth..    I  may  not  forget  a,. 
chaunce  whiche-  happened  this  yere,  to  the  example  of  princes,  and  a  spectacle,  of.  goueniors.. 
For  thedeuill  hymself,  to  set  farther  diuision  betwene  the  Engiishe  and  Frenche  nacion  did 
apparell  certain  catchepoules,  and  Parasites,  comonly  called  titiuils  and  tale  tellers,  tosowe 
discord  and  dissencion,   betwene  the  dukes  of  Bedford  and  Burgoyne,  not  fainyng  trifles- 
nor  phatasies,  but  tliynges  of  reproche,  repugnant  to  bothe  their  honors,  estates,  and  digni- 
ties, with  the  whiche,  cache  of  them  was  as  well  pricked,  as  hastely  spurred,  so  that  all  loue* 
betwene  theim  ceased,  all  affinitie  was  forgotten,  and  all  olde  familiaritie  was  cast  by  disdain, 
into  the  caue  of  oblivid.     Suche  a  pestilent  breath  hath  Flattery,  and  suche  mischif  ensueth, 
of  Princes  light  credence.     This  grudge  was  perceiued,  by  their  mutuall  frendes,  whiche  by. 
charitable  exbortacion  and  Godly  aduertisement,  exhorted  theim,  to  renewe  their  old  loue 
and  familiaritie,   and  to  mete  and  enteruieu,  in  some  place  decent  and  conuenient.     The 
Duke  of  Bedforde,  gladly  condiscended,  to  come  to  sent  Omers,  beyng  the  duke  of  Burgoyns 
toune,  and  thither,  accordyng  to  his  appoyntment,  he  in  honorable  estate,  came  and  resort- 
ed, and  likewise  did  the  duke  of  Burgoyne.     The  duke  of  Bedford,  beyng  Regent  of  Fraunce, 
&  sonne,  brother  and  vncle  to  kynges,  though  that  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  should  first  haue 
visited  and  saluted  him:  duke  Phillip  on. the  other  part,  beyng  Lord  &  soucreigne  of  the 

6  toune,,  \ 


toune,  judged  knot  mete,  nor  to  stande  with  his  honor,  to  go  to  hym,  where  he  was  lodged, 
but  was  content,  by  entreatie  of  frendes,  to  mete  with  him  in  a  place  indifferent,  betwene 
bothe  their  harberowes  :  whiche  offer  was  not  accepted,  &  so,  bothe  parties  departed  dis- 
content, &  neuer  after  sawe  or  commoned  with  other.  What  should  I  speake  of  the  corage 
of  these  twoo  proude  princes,  the  duke  of  Bedford  myndyng  to  haue  no  pere,  and  the  duke 
of  Burgoyne,  willyng  to  haue  no  superior,  by  whose  proud  disdain,  and  enuious  discord, 
shortly0  England  lost,  and  Burgoyne  gayned  not  long,  as  you  shall  perceiue,  in  this  history 


rhc.xiii.  T[je  Bastan'-  of  Orleaunce,  called  the  erle  ef  Dumoys,  the  lorde  Rocheford  Marshal 
yc"'  of  Frauncc,  with  other  in  the  beginnyng  of  this.  xiti.  yere,  tooke  the  toune  of  saincte 
Denise  by  treason,  and  skirmished  with  theim  of  Paris,  and  leauyng  behynd  hym  a  greate 
garrison,  tooke  the  tonne  of  Howdone,  and  the  bridge  of  saincte  Maxence  by  composition, 
and  at  that  tyme  was  taken  the  toune,  of  Fount  Meulane,  by  sodain  scalyng  of  twoo 
fishermen:  which  entered  vp  at  a  common  prime,  standyng  on  the  walle.  Thus  tounes  vn- 
•walied,  wer  preys  to  rauenous  men  of  war,  so  that  the  poore  inhabitauntes  within  theim, 
(not  bcyng  able  to  kepc  their  fidelitie  or  allegeaunce,  when  sheilde  and  defence  lacked,) 
were  constrayned  and  compelled,  to  yeilde  and  rendre  theimselfes,  to  the  more  power,  and 
vpper  hande:  least  they  beyng  nedy  and  innocente  people,  should  be  vexed  and  lurmcnted, 
with  the  vnreasonable  men  of  warre:  So  that  in  all  Cliristendome,  no  Region  was  more  vn- 
quiete,  more  vexed,  more  poore,  nor  more  to  be  pitied,  then  the  coutrey  of  Frauce.  And 
although  the  rude  and  poore  people,  suffrcd  many  plagues  and  aduersities  :  yet  the  souldiora 
prospered  not  in  all  thynges.  For  although  prey  &  spoyle  sometyme  refreshed  their  mindes, 
and  did  comfort  their  stomackes,  yet  some  tyme  they  wer  slain,  taken,  and  licked  vp,  or  tiiei 
were  ware.  For  eucry  prince  studied,  and  circumspectly  compassed,  how  to  kepe,  defende 
and  releue,  the  citees  and  tounes,  of  their  seuerall  faction,  and  priuate  fidelitie.  Wheifore, 
when  sacietie  of  slaughters,  and  abounclaunce  of  murthers,  had  replenished  the  stomackes,  of 
bolhc  the  nacions,  and  that  bothe  m  general!,  perceiuecl  their  hurtes,  pondered  tlieir  losses, 
and  considered  tlieir  ruynes,  and  daily  afflictions:  although  their  stomackes  wer  haute,  and 
their  hartes  stony,  yet  they  waxed  sot'te,  priuely  inclinyng  to  peace,  and  wishyng  concord, 
and  not  without  an  vrgente  cause:  For  all  thynges  necessary  to  mans  liuvn«,  penurie 
shewed  her  self  furth,  and  aboundauce  was  hidden  in  a  caue.  The  corne  feldes  laie  vntilled 
the  meddowos  wer  ouer  trodcn,  the  woodes  wer  spoyled,  so  that  all  men  went  to  harneis, 
and  no  man  to  the  plough.  The  churches  were  seldome  vsed  for  denocion,  but  many 
tyemes  spoyled,  for  desire  of  gayne.  These,  and  suche  innumerable  mischiefcs,  caused 
bothe  the  people,  bcyng  enemies,  to  desire  peace,  and  yet  the  one  part,  disdained  opely  to 
offre  it,  or  the  other  priuatly  to  receiue  it. 

THE  crie  and  noyse  of  this  perillous  and  insatiable  warre,  was  blasted  through  Europe, 
detested  through  Cliristendome,  and  especially,  at  the  Counsaill  of  Basill,  where  then  them- 
ptror  Alberte,  and  all  the  princes  and  potestates  of  Cliristendome,  or  their  deputies,  were 
assembled,  for  the  vnio  of  the  vngraciousscisme,  in  the  vsurped  sea  of  Rome  vntrulv,  and 
•against  all  scripture,  called  sainct  Peters  sea.  Wherfore  the  Emperor  and  the  temporall 
princcis,  stipposyng  the  exhortation  of  Spirituall  fathers,  should  more  profite  emongest  the 
twoo  high  stonyicked,  and  proude  encoraged  nacions,  of  Englande  and  of  Fraunce,  dcsyred 
Eugeny  then  bishop  of  Rome,  to  be  the  author  and  arbitrer,  of  that  great  strife  and  conten- 
•cion:  so  that  by  his  meanes,  counsail  and.' exhortation,  the  weapon  might  be  taken  out  of 
the  handes,  of  twoo  so  inuincible  nacions,  which  neuer  would  yeild  or  bowe  the  one  to  the 
other,  neither  yet,  once  heare  of  abstinence  of  fightyng,  or  refusyng  from  warre:  so  much 
were  their  hartes  hardened,  and  so  princely  were  theh-  stomackes.  And  one  thyng,  muche 


KYNG  HENRY  THE.  VI.  175 

put  them  in  hope,  of  some  good  conclusio,  because  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  was  willyng,  (so 
that  it  wer  not  of  his  awne  suite,)  to  returns  and  reconcile  himself,  to  Charles,  his  mortal 
cnemie  and  auncient  aduersary.  Wherforc,  by  authentic  of  this  generall  Counsaill,  two 
discrete  persones,  called  the  Cardinalles  of  sainct  Crosse,  &  Cypres,  came  to  the  tonne  of 
Arras  in  Arthoys,  whither,  were  sente  for  the  kyng  of  Englande,  Henry  Beautfbrd  Cardinall 
of  Winchester,  Henry,  Archebishopof  Yorke,  Willifi  de  la  Pole  Erie  of  Suffolke,  and  Jhon 
Hollande  Erie  of  Huntyngdon,  with  diuerse  other  knightes  and  Esquiers :.  and  for  the 
Frenche  kyng,  were  there  present,  Charles  Duke  of  Burbon,  Lewes  Erie  of  Vandosme,  Ar- 
thur of  Brytayne  Constable  of  Fraunce,  the  Archcbishop  of  Reyns,  and  sir  Phillip  Harcort. 
There,  was  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  in  proper  persone,  accompanied  with  the  duke  of  Gel- 
deps,  and  the  Erles  of  Estampes,  Lygnye,  sainct  Panic,  Vaudemont,  Neuers,  £  Daniel., 
sonne  to  the  prince  of  Orange,  with  a  great  gard  and  a  gallaunt  company. 

VPON  the  daie  of  the  first  session,  the  Cardinal  of  sainct  Crosse,  declared  to  the  thfe 
parties,  the  innumerable  mischiefes,  the  multitude  of  incouenienccs,  whichc  had  succcded, 
through  al  Christendom,  by  their  daily  discord  and  continuall  discencion  :  exhorting  and,  re- 
quiring the  for  the  honor  of  God,  for  the  lone  that  they  bare  to  thesettyng  furthe  of  Christes 
religion,  and  for  the  aduaucement,  of  the  publique  wealth  of  all  Christendo,  that  they  would 
laye  all  rancor  apart,  represse  all  wrath  and  anger,  and  conform  thernselfes  to  reason,  and  to 
Godly  concorde,  by  the  vvliiche,  they  should  receiue,  honor,  profite,  and  continual}'  quiet- 
nesse,  in  the  worlde,  and  of  God,  a  reward  euerlastyng.  After  whiche  admoniciony  thus  to 
them  geuen,  and  after  diuerse  daies  of  communicacion,  eucry  part  brought  in  their  de- 
itiaund,  whiche  wer  moste  contrary,  and  hard  to  come  to  a  good  conclusion.  The  En- 
glishemen  required,  that  kyng  Charles  should  haue  nothyng,  but  at  the  handeof  the  kyng  of 
Englande,  and  that  not  as  duetie,  but  as  a  bencfite,  by  hym  of  his  mere  liberalise  geuen,  and 
distributed,  to  whiche  the  Frenchmen  aunswered,  that  kyng  Charles  would  haue  the  kyno;- 
dom,  frakely  &  frely,  without  begging  it,  of  another  man:  requiryng  the  kyng  of  England, 
to  leaue  the  name,  Armes,  and  title  of  the  kyng  of  Eraunce,  and  to  be  co,ntent  with  the 
dukedornes  of  Aquitain  andNormady,  and  to  forsake  Paris,  and  all  the  tounes,  whiche  thev 
possessed  in  Fraunce,  bet\vene  the  Hiuers  of  Loyre  and  Soame,  beyng  no  percell  of  the 
Duchie  of  Normandy,  The  Englishemen,  loth  to  lease  so  good  a  boty  as  Paris,  did  not 
esteme  and  allowe,  the  demaundcs  of  the  French  Ambassadors  and  they  on  the  otlierside, 
couetyngand  desiryng,  toobtein  again  the  renoume  and  glory  of  their  Region,  whiche  was 
Paris,  would  in  no  wise  condiscend,  to  any  part  of  the  Englishe  requestes.  Thus,  the  pride 
of  the  one  part,  and  the  ambicion  of  the  oilier,  letted  concord,  peace,  and  quietnes.  The 
Cardinals,  seyng  the  frostie  hartes,  and  hardened  myridcs  of  bothe  parties,  determined  not, 
to  despute  th«  titles,  but  offered  to  them,  honest  and  reasonable  coudicions,  of  truce  and 
peace,  for  a  season:  whiche  articles  bothe  parties,  either  for  frowardnes,  or  for  disdain  open- 
ly refused  :  In  so  muche  as,  the  Englishmen  in  greate  displeasure,  departed  to  Calice,  and 
so  into  Englande.  One  writer  affinneth,  that  they  beyng  warned  of  a  secrete  conspiracie 
moued  against  theim,  sodainly  remoued  from  Arras,  and  so  sailed' into  their  countrey. 

WHILES  this  treatie  of  peace,  was  thus  in  comunicacion  at  Arras,  the  lorde  Talbot, 
the  Lorde  Willoughby,  the  lorde  Scales,  vvitli  the  Lorde  Lisle  Adame,  and  fiue  thonsande 
men,  besieged  the  tonne  of  S.  Denise,  with  a  strong  bande.  The  Erie  of  Dumoys  hear- 
yng  therof,  accompanied  with  the  Lorde  Lohac,  and  the  lorde  Bueiil,  &  a  great  company 
of  horsemen,  haisted  thitherward,  to  rayse  the  siege,  and  in  the  meane  waie,  they  encoun- 
tered with  sir  Thomas  Kiricll,  and  Matthew  Gouthe,  ridyng  also  toward  S.  Denise,  be- 
twene  whom,  was  a  great  conflict,  and  many  slain  on  bothe  parties:  but  sodainly  came  to 
the  aide  of  the  Frenchmen,  the  garrison  of  Pout  Melance,  which  caused  thenglishe- 
men  to  returne,  without  any  greatarme  or  damage,  sauyng  that  Matthew  Couth,  by  foun- 
deryng  of  his  horsse,  was  taken  and  caried  to' Fount  Melance.  Duryng  whiche  fight,  the 
toune  of  sainct  Denise,  was  rendered  to  the  iorde  Talbot,  and  the  other  lordcs,  whiche 
caused  all  the  walles  to  be  raised,  and  abated  doune  to  the  ground,  sauyng  the  \valles  of 

1  the 

176  THE.  Xm.  YERE  OF 

the  Abbay,  and  a  toure  called  Venyn.  After  this  toune  gotten,  the  Lorde  Wiliotighby, 
left  sir  Ihon  Ruppelley  at  Pounthoyse,  &  departed  to  gouerne  Paris,  whiche  then  began 
to  smoke,  and  sone  after,  brast  out'  in  flame,  (as  yeu  shall  shortly,  apparautly  perceiue). 
After  whose  departure,  thenhabitaines  of  Pounthoyse  rebelled,  &  droue  out  thenglishmeu 
by  very  force,  and  rendered  themselfes  subiectes  to  king  Charles.  This  toune  was  small, 
but  the  losse  was  great,  for  it  was  the  very  conuenient  kaye,  betwene  Paris  and  Nonnandy, 
so  that  now  the  gate  betwene  them  bothe,  was  set  open  and  the  passage  at  large. 

LET  vs  now  again,  returne  to  the  counsail  at  Arras.     After  the  Englishe  Ambassadors 
wer  departed,  the  'prenchemen  and  the  fiurgonyons,  began  familiarly  to  common  of  a  peace, 
and  talke  of  an  amitie,  to  the  whiche  motion,  Phillip  duke  of  Burgoyne,   was  neither  deiffe 
nor  straunge :  for  he  in  the  begmnyng  of  his  rule,  being  muche  desirous  to  reuenge  and 
punishe  the  shamefull  murder  doen  to  his  father,  and  to  kepe  hymself  in  his  high  estate, 
and  preeminence,  began  to  be  associate,  and  to  reigne  with  thenghshe  power,  and  to  serue 
the  kyng  of  Englad  thinking,  that  by  his  amity  and  ioynyng,  that  he  should  neither  harme 
nor  hurte,  the  common  wealth  of  the  countrey,  whereof  at  that  tyme  he  bare  the  whole 
rule,  nor  yet  lose  one  iote  or  poynt,  of  his  authoritie,  or  gouernaunce.     But  when  it  hap- 
pened, contrary  to  his  expectacion,  that  the  kyng  of  Englande,  by  the  right  course  of  in- 
heritaunce,  tooke  vpou  hym  the  whole  rule  and  gouernaunce,  within  the  realrne  of  Fraunce, 
and  ordered  by  the  aduise  of  his  cousaill,  all  causes,  iudgementes,  warres,  and  c5cordes, 
&  that  the  duke  Judged,  that  he  was  not  had  in  great  confidence,  nor  in  perfite  truste,  as 
he  thought,  because  the  Duke  of  Bedforde,  would  not  suffre  the  toune  of  (Meaunce,  to 
be  rendered  to  hym,  (as  you  before  haue  heard)  :  He  therfore  imagined,  &  determined  with 
hymself,  to  returne  into  the  pathe  again,  from  the  whiche  he  had  straied  and  erred,  and  to 
take  part,  and  ioyne  with  his  awne  bloud  and  nacion:  so  that  some  honest  meane,  might  be 
sought  by  other,  and  not  by  hymself,  least  paraduenture  by  his  awne  sekyng,  he  might  bind 
himself  in  conditions  hurtfull,  &  sore  inconueniences,  to  the  Frenche  kyng,  and  also   be 
noted  of  vntruth,  and  traiterous  behauor,  toward  the  king  of  Englande  and  his  nacion  :  to 
•whom  he  had  done  homage,  leage,  and  sworn  fealtie      Now  this  Counsaill,  was  to  hym  a 
cloke  for  the  rayne,  as  who  should  say,  tliat  he  sought  not  arnitie,  of  the  Freche  kyng, 
(whiche  thyng  in  his  harte,  he  moste  coueted  and  desired)  but  was  therunto  persuaded,  by 
the  general!  counsaill,  and  by  the  bishop  of  Rome,  whom  it  was  reason,  in  all  honest  re- 
questes,  that  he  should  submitte  hymself,  and  humbly  obey.     And  so,   shadowed  with  this 
counsaill,  without  long  argument  or  prolongyng  of  tyme,  he  tooke  a  determinate  peace, 
and  a  finall  conclusion,  vpon  these  condicios:  that  he  should  haue  to  hym  deliuered,  the 
counteis  of  Arthoys,  Pontbiew,  and  Bullonoys,  and  the  tounes  of  Amience,  Curby,  Mon- 
didier,  Heron,.^sainct  Quintyne,  &  Abbeuile,  with  many  other  seigniories,  &  superiorities, 
•whiche  be  not  for  my  purpose  to  reherse.     Prouided  alwaie,    that  the  French  kyng,  paiyng 
in  redy  money,  to  y  duke  or  his  heires,  iiij.C.M.  crounes,  should  haue  thesaied  tounes  and 
countres,  to  beredeliuered  again  :  and  many  other  thynges,  the  Frenche  kyng  graunted, ,  to 
the  duke  of  Burgoyn,  whiche  after,    he  was  not  able  to  performe,   nor  accomplishe,  for  he 
had  no  power,  to  make  deniall  to  the  duke,  of  any  demaund  or  request,  whiclie  the  Duke 
either  phantasied  or  moued  :  as  who  would  saie,  that  he  thought  in  himself,  that  suche  an 
aduersary,  whiche  desired  so  honest,  and  so  reasonable  conditions,   (considering  the  state 
of  the  tyme,  and  the  occasion,  of  concorde,  moste  apparauntly  offered  to  hym,)  oudit  nei- 
ther to  be  refused  nor  cast  away,  the  whiche  chaunce,  .was  to  hym  lucky  and  fortunate :  for 
surely,  y  thyng  forsene  and  loked  for,  surceded  and  toke  place,  as  you  shall  perceiue.     This 
concorde,  was  so  pleasaunt  to  the  Frenche  kyng,  that  he  not  only  set  for  hym:  but  as  a 
swane  that  swimmeth  after_her  make,  met  hym  in  proper  persone,  at  the  citee  of  Reynes 
and  (after  long  comunicatio)  standing  vp  vpo  his  fete,  said  to  him  these  wordes. 
JfthT"       .DVKE  Philhpp  cosin,  and  pere  of  Fraunce,  with  all  my  harte  welcome,  and-at  your  com- 
Fr«,ch       mmg,  my  harte  is  fulfilled  with  ioy,  and  my  spirites  be  refreshed  with  solace,  for  now     all 
Kyngtof,he  doubte  of  the  rec0uery,  of  my  lande  and  seigniory,  is  clerely  banished,  and  fully  abandoned  : 
Bursoyn<-  consideryng 

KYNG  HENUY  THE.  VI.  177 

consideryng  that  I  haue  now,  ioyned  and  vnited  to  me,  the  principall  pere,  the  moste  noble 
prince,  (nexte  to  the  Croune)  and  the  moste  valeaunt  capitain,  that  hath  been,  or  is,  in  our 
dales,  sene,  or  knowen,  whom  the  nobilitie  honor,  the  chiualrie  fauor,  and  the  poore  con> 
mons  loue,  and  daily  desire  to  beholde :  So  that  all  men  loue,  and  embrace  you,  aboue  all 
creatures,  and  worship  and  reuerence  you,  aboue  all  Lordes,  because  you,  beyng  a  straiyng 
shepe,  are  now  returned,  to  your  olde  flocke,  and  like  a  man  wanderyng  out  of  the  pathe» 
are  now  brought  again,  to  the  right  waie,  and  true  liniite.  For  surely,  this  text  was  euer 
beaten  muche  in  my  hedde:  that  euery  realme,  deuided  emongest  theimselfe,  should  turne 
to  desolacio,  and  that  all  discord,  should  bring  pouertie,  and  that  of  all  discension,  should 
succeade  misery :  whiche  intollerable  calamities,  I  euer  Judged  to  ensue,  by  the  discorde 
and  contrauersie,  betwene  vs  twoo.  But  now  the  sore  is  cured,  and  the  ship  brought  into  the 
sure  hauen  :  trustyng  perfectly,  and  nothyng  mistrustyng,  but  by  your  healp  and  aide,  we  shall 
expell,  cleane  pull  vp  by  the  rootos,  and  put  out,  all  the  Englishe  nacion,  out  of  our  realmes, 
territories  and  dominions.  And  if  you  helpe  vs.  (as  you  male)  and  if  you  aide  vs,  (as  you 
be  able)  we  here  promise  you,  in  the  tvorde  of  a  prince,  to  be  yours,  yea,  so  yours,  that  al 
ours,  shalbe  yours,  at  your  commaundement  and  desire,  not  as  ours,  but  as  yours,  to  doo  and 
spende  at  your  pleasure.  To  the  whiche,  the  duke  of  Burgoyn  aunswered,  that  he  would 
let  scape  nothyng,  that  appertayned  to  his  duetie,  nor  forget  any  poynt,  whiche  might  turne 
to  his  dishonor. 

WHEN  this  league  wassworne,  and  this  knot  was  knit,  the  duke  of  Burgoyne,  to  sette  a 
vayle,  before  the  kyng  of  Englaudes  iyes,  sent  Thoison  Dor,  his  kyng  at  Armcs,  to  kyng 
Henry  with  letters:  that  he,  beyng  not  only  waxed  faint,  and  weried,  with  continual  warre, 
and  daily  conflictes,  but  also  chafed  daily,  with  complaintes  and  lamentacion,  of  his  people, 
whiche,  of  the  Frenchemen,  suffered  losse  and  detriment,  embraydyng  and  rebukyng  hym 
openly,  affirming  that  he  onely  was  the  supporter  and  mainteyner,  of  the  Englishe  people, 
and  that  by  his  meanes  and  power,  the  mortall  warre  was  continued  and  sette  forward,  and 
that  he  more  diligetly  studied,  and  intentiuely  toke  pain,  bothe  to  kepe,  and  maintein  then- 
glishemen  in  Fraunce,  and  also  toaduaiice  and  promote  their  desires,  &  intentes,  rather  then 
to  restore  kyng  Charles  his  cosyn,  to  his  rightful  inheritaunce,  £  paternal  possession  :  by  reason 
of  whiche  thynges,  and  many  other,  he  was  in  maner  compelled  and  constrained  to  take  a 
peace,  and  conclude  an  amitie  with  kyng  Charles,  exhortyng  kyng  Henry,  with  many  flatteryng 
wordes,  when  honest  and  reasonable  condicions  wer  offered,  to  take  the,  and  to  make  an  ende  of 
the  warre,  which  so  long  had  continued,  to  the  decay  of  bothe  the  realmes,  and  to  the  effusion, 
of  Christen  bloud,  be  side  the  great  displeasure  of  almightie  God,  whiche  is  the  author  of 
peace  and  vnitie:  promising  hym  his  aide,  and  furtheraunce  in  that  behalfe,  with  many  glo- 
syng  and  flatteryng  wordes,  whiche  I  passe  ouer. 

HERE  is  to  be  noted,  that  the  Duke  of  Burgoyne,  which  thought  hymself  by  this  concord 
in  maner  dishonored,  and  spotted  with  infamy  sente  his  letters  to  the  Kyng  of  Englandc, 
rather  to  purge  and  excuse  hymselfe,  of  his  vntruth  and  infidelitie,  (yea  of  perinry,  if  a 
poore  man  maie  vse  that  terme,  of  so  greate  a  prince)  to  thentent  that  it  should  appere, 
that  he,  by  copulsion,  and  not  by  voluntarie  afteccion,  was  turned  to  the  French  part:  not 
for  any  malice  or  displeasure,  whiche  he  bare  to  kyng  Henry,  or  to  the  Englishe  nacion.  This 
letter  was  not  alitle  loked  on,  nor  smally  regarded  of  the  kyng  of  England,  and  his  sage  coii- 
saill:  not  onely  for  the  waightines  of  the  matter,  but  also  for  the  sodaiu  chaunge  of  the  man, 
&  for  the  strange  superscripcion  of  the  letter,  which  was:  To  the  high  and  mightie  Prince, 
Henry,  by  the  grace  of  GOD  Kyng  of  Englande,  his  Welbeloued  cosyn  :  Neither  namyng 
hym  kyng  of  Fraunce,  nor  his  souereigne  lorde,  accordyng  as,  (euer  before  that  tyme)  he 
was  accustomed  to  do.  Wherfore  all  they,  whiche  wer  present,  beyng  sore  moued  with  the 
craftie  deede,  Sc  vntrue  demeanor  of  the  duke,  (whom  they  so  muche  trusted)  could  neither 
temper  their  passions,  nor  moderate  their  yre,  nor  yet  bridle  their  toungues  :  but  openly  call- 
ed hym  traytor,  deceiuer,  and  moste  inconstant  prince.  But  when  the  rumor  of  the  Dukes  re- 
turnyng,  was  published  emongest  the  common  people